893.00/3–2047: Telegram

The Ambassador in China (Stuart) to the Secretary of State

615. Following item from Shanghai Ta Kung Pao March 15:

“Yesterday, Carson Chang, chairman of the Democratic Socialist Party, expressed his views on the current Moscow Conference as follows:

‘The recent proposal brought forth by Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov that the China problem should be included in the agenda of the Moscow Conference has aroused the attention of the world as well as that of China. The consensus of opinion in this country indicates that China would not tolerate the interference by any foreign country in her internal affairs. In other words, China would not allow any foreign countries to discuss the China problem.

‘However, I am of the opinion that if China will not send any representative to the Moscow Conference, she naturally should not allow other countries to discuss her own problem. Yet inasmuch as the Four Powers have agreed to an informal discussion of the China issue, China should immediately notify the conference of her participation in the talks, so that she can defend her position openly. Therefore, [China] should immediately plan to organize a delegation to take part in the conference, and Dr. Sun Fo, President of the Legislative Yuan, and Foreign Minister Wang Shih-chieh would be the right men to be sent for this mission.

‘The policies which our delegation should adopt can be outlined as follows: 1—to further strengthen the friendly relations between China and the Soviet Union; 2—to tell the Soviet Union frankly that China and the United States have not signed any secret agreement against the Soviet Union; 3—to tell the Four Powers that disunity in China would become an obstacle to Sino-Soviet friendship as well as to world peace; 4—to urge the Soviet troops to withdraw from the northeast and restore communications along the Chinese Changchun railway, and 5—to tell the Four Powers that China is willing to settle the CCP21 problem by political means, namely, (a) implementation of the army reorganization and integration plan,22 (b) the participation of the CCP in the Government, (c) the reorganization of the administration of various provinces within the framework of the constitution. The Chinese delegation should give a clear explanation of the above-stated five points to the Four Powers. In doing so, China will [Page 622] not only be able to achieve peace and unity in her country but also to help improve Soviet-American friendship and promote world peace.’”

  1. Chinese Communist Party.
  2. February 25, 1946; Foreign Relations, 1946, vol. ix, p. 295.