The Consul General at Mukden ( Ward ) to the Secretary of State
[Received August 1.]
Sir: I have the honor to inform the Department that yesterday the private secretary of General Ma Chan-shan25 approached me and requested, in behalf of the General, an appointment for the purpose of paying his respects. I have met the General recently at several social functions and on each instance he has stated that he intended to call on me, therefore the above-mentioned request was in conformity with his previous oral statements.
The General called yesterday afternoon. He was accompanied by his private secretary, who acted as interpreter (Chinese-French). Our conversation fell short of being satisfactory, at least insofar as I was concerned, for the reason that the secretary’s knowledge of French is far from adequate, and I was unable to avail myself of the services of one of the Consulate General’s competent interpreters for the reason that the General’s secretary had stated specifically that in the absence of an American interpreter the General desired that he (the secretary) serve as interpreter.
Our conversation turned to affairs in Manchuria. The General forthwith deplored the present state of these affairs, placing the blame therefor on Soviet support of the Chinese communists and the failure of Nationalist officials to carry out the directives and uphold the ideals of the Generalissimo. He was warm (if not perhaps too effusive) in his tributes to the Generalissimo. He was unrestrained in his condemnation of the professional ability of the Nationalist military command in the Northeast Provinces and of the rapacity with which the Nationalist non-Manchurian military and civil officials in Manchuria have been exploiting the Northeast. He prophesied that, unless corrective measures are taken, Manchuria will soon be lost to China and will become a puppet of the Soviet Union. He stated [Page 233] that the only effective way to save Manchuria to China is to replace the present Nationalist regime in the Northeastern Provinces with one made up of native Northeasterners (the General being a native son), and to support such new regime with sufficient funds and munitions to enable it to cast out the communists and to establish itself firmly.
The General handed me a cover bearing an address in Chinese, and requested that I send it to The Honorable George C. Marshall, Secretary of State. He expressed his admiration of General Marshall. I gathered from the secretary’s remarks that the General enjoys the acquaintance of General Marshall. The cover and its enclosure, together with an English translation of the latter, are transmitted herewith.
. . . . . . .
- General Ma had returned to Manchuria as Deputy Commander of the Northeast China Command.↩