740.0011 PW (Peace)/7–1147
Memorandum of Conversation, by the Chief of the Division of Northeast Asian Affairs (Borton)
Subject: Conversation on Japanese Peace Conference.
|Participants:||General John H. Hilldring, A–H|
|Mr. John Carter Vincent, FE|
|Mr. Hugh Borton, NA|
|Mr. Alfred Stirling, Australian Embassy|
|Mr. Ralph E. Collins, Canadian Embassy|
|Mr. Wellington Koo; Dr. Shao-Hwa Tan, Chinese Embassy|
|Mr. Henri Bonnet, French Embassy|
|Mr. B. R. Sen, Indian Embassy|
|Jonkheer O. Reuchlin, Netherlands Embassy|
|Sir Carl Berendsen, New Zealand Legation|
|Mr. Joaquin M. Elizalde, Philippine Embassy|
|Mr. H. A. Graves, British Embassy|
General Hilldring opened the discussion by stating that the Soviet Ambassador94 had been invited and was unable to attend but a copy of the oral statement which was to be made was being forwarded to him immediately. General Hilldring also stated we preferred no publicity on the matter, at least until after the governments concerned had had a chance to express their views and, consequently, were making the statement to them in confidence.
General Hilldring then read the oral statement, a copy of which is attached.
The discussion which followed General Hilldring’s reading of the oral statement brought out the following points:
- Our proposal that the conference suggested for August 19 should be a formal conference but that it would have two stages, namely, that in which the deputy and technical experts would attempt to attain agreement on as many problems as possible, and a second stage in which the Foreign Ministers would participate and reach final decisions on the contents of the treaty.
- A general peace conference would then be held of representatives from those states at war with Japan.
- The problems to be discussed at the peace conference would have to be coordinated with decision taken at the Far Eastern Commission but, as indicated in the oral statement, the conference would be outside the Far Eastern Commission and its terms of reference would not apply to the conference.
- As many procedural problems as possible should be solved prior to the August conference.
- This Government proposed an August date for the conference in view of its desire for a treaty for Japan as soon as possible and the hope that the final phase of the conference in which the Foreign Ministers would participate would be as short as possible.
- The position of the other belligerents in relation to the drafting of the treaty is a question which would have to be settled prior to the August meeting.