Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State to President Truman
Ambassador O’Neal at Manila has asked1 that you be informed of a conversation which he had on November 30, 1947 with President Roxas concerning the Philippine vote in the United Nations on the Palestine partition question.
As you will recall, the Philippine Delegate to the United Nations, Ambassador Romulo, in an address before the General Assembly [Page 1306] of the United Nations on November 26, 1947 indicated that the Philippines would vote against Palestine partition. When the vote was taken, however, on November 29, the Philippines voted in favor of partition.
In his telegram, Ambassador O’Neal reports that President Roxas stated that he had instructed the Philippine Delegation to change its position and vote in favor of partition because of his fear, based on a report from Ambassador Elizalde and a telegram from some ten United States Senators, that a vote against partition would have an adverse effect on United States-Philippine relations.
- In telegram 1550, December 4, 7 p. m., not printed.↩
- Telegram 1273, December 9, 7 p. m., not printed.↩
- Department of State files indicate additional charges by Arab sources that the United States exerted pressure on various countries to support partition. They also contain an explanation by the Greek Ambassador that Greece had voted against partition “as part of a deal which the Greek representatives had made with the representatives of the Moslem states. In return for Greek support on the Palestine issue the Moslem states agreed to give full support to Greece in the future on Greek questions arising before any UN organ.” (memorandum of conversation by John D. Jernegan, Assistant Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs, December 3, 501.BB Palestine/12–347)↩