Editorial Note

No documentation concerned specifically and solely with occupation policy in the United States zone in Germany is being included in this volume. The basic principles and objectives of occupation policy were set forth in a new Directive to the Commander in Chief of United States Forces of Occupation of Germany (J.C.S. 1779) which was sent to General Clay on July 11, 1947, by the Joint Chiefs of Staff after approval by the State, War, and Navy Departments. For the text of the new Directive and the statement made to the press on the occasion of its publication, see Germany 1947–1949, pages 33–41, Department of State Bulletin, July 27, 1947, pages 186–193, or A Decade of American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1941–49, prepared at the request of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations by the Staff of the Committee and the Department of State, Senate Document No. 123, 81st Cong., 1st sess., page 552. Documents concerned with political structure, law, administration, economic policies, and educational, informational, cultural, and religious developments in the United States zone of occupation in Germany in 1947 are included in Germany 1947–1949 and in James K. Pollock, James H. Meisel, and Henry L. Bretton (eds.), Germany Under Occupation: Illustrative Materials and Documents (Ann Arbor, Michigan, George Wahr Publishing Company, 1949). An authoritative account of United States occupational policies and activities is contained in Lucius D. Clay, Decision in Germany (Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1950). Guy A. Lee, Guide to Studies of the Historical Division, Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany (Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, December 1953), lists more than thirty historical monographs covering most aspects of occupation policy in the United States zone. Of particular note in connection with activities in 1947 are J.F.J. Gillen, Deconcentration and Decartelization in West Germany 1945–1953, John G. Kormann, U.S. Denazification Policy in Germany 1944–1950 and J.F.J. Gillen, State and Local Government in West Germany, 1945–1953. The planning in 1947 for the transfer of responsibility for the occupation in Germany from the War Department [Page 1166] (later Department of the Army) to the Department of State is described in detail in Chapter I of Guy A. Lee, The Establishment of the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner in this same series. Events in Berlin are described in the official volume, A Four Year Report: Office of Military Government U.S. Sector, Berlin: July 1, 1945–September 1, 1949 (Berlin, Public Relations, Statistical and Historical Branch, Office of Military Government, Berlin Sector, n.d.) and in the personal memoir by Frank Howley, Berlin Command (New York, Putnam’s Sons, 1950).