Memorandum by the Committee of Three to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek72

Subject: Cessation of Hostilities.

In conformance with the agreements entered into by the National Government of China and the Chinese Communist Party, it is desirable that cease firing orders be issued at once and simultaneously by yourself and by Chairman Mao Tse-tung. If this suggestion meets with your approval it is recommended that identical orders along the lines of the draft which follows be issued by you and by Chairman Mao Tse-tung.

The text of the proposed draft order follows:

“All units, regular, militia, irregular and guerrilla, of the National Armies of the Republic of China are ordered to carry out the following directive:

All hostilities will cease immediately.
Except in certain specific cases, all movements of forces in China will cease. There also may be the movements necessary for demobilization, redisposition, supply, administration and local security.
Destruction of and interference with all lines of communications will cease and you will clear at once obstructions placed against or interfering with such lines of communications.
An Executive Headquarters will be established immediately in Peiping for the purpose of carrying out the agreements for cessation of hostilities. This Headquarters will consist of three Commissioners; one representing the Chinese National Government, one representing the Chinese Communist Party, and one to represent the United States of America. The necessary instructions and orders unanimously agreed upon by the three Commissioners, will be issued in the name of the President of the Republic of China, through the Executive Headquarters.

Signed—Chiang Kai-shek”

A similar memorandum is being submitted to Mr. Chou En-lai for transmittal to Chairman Mao Tse-tung.73

Chang Chun
Chou En-lai
G. C. Marshall

Signed on 10 January 1946.

Handed to General Chang Chun
by General Marshall for delivery
to Generalissimo.

  1. Copy transmitted to the Secretary of State by General Marshall with his memorandum of January 17; received January 31.
  2. Not printed; this was drafted for signature by Mao Tse-tung.