740.00119 PW/12–1145: Telegram

Ambassador Edwin W. Pauley to the Secretary of State

I have following personal first hand report from observation in Manchuria. “Russians have removed heavy industrial equipment from Manchuria as well as rolling stock. Estimate 150 locomotives taken by Russians from south Manchuria and 450 coal cars from Hulutao alone as well as every automobile and useable truck. Russians reputed to have removed all equipment from large Chinchow Chemical Plant engaged in extracting kerosene from coal. The ruthless attitude of Russians in Manchuria during their short period of occupation has alienated great sections of the Chinese population. During period of Russian occupation civil administration carried on by Chinese Communists under Russian supervision.”