740.00119 Control (Germany)/7–2145
The United States Political Adviser for Germany (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
Frankfurt, July 21, 1945.
[Received August 6.]
[Received August 6.]
Sir: I have the honor to transmit a memorandum by a member of my staff on observations on the situation in Munich, together with an appendix on the views of leading Social Democrats in Munich. This material throws some further light on potentialities for political action and the balance of forces in Bavaria, though naturally no accurate [Page 951] appraisal of popular support for the tendencies discussed can be made at this time.
- Capt. Homer G. Richey was a member of Mr. Murphy’s staff.↩
- For documentation relating to political activity in the Soviet zone, see pp. 1033 ff.↩
- Brig. Gen. Luther Smith was Chief of G–5 Section, U.S. Group, Control Council.↩
- In telegram 164, July 14, 10 p.m., from Hoechst, Mr. Murphy reported that, due to press criticism of the Military Government in Bavaria, General Clay had appointed an investigating board to inquire into the situation. Brewster Morris, of Mr. Murphy’s staff, had been chosen a member of this board and summarized its findings for Murphy. Concerning denazification, the Military Government authorities had failed to carry out effectively the relatively radical policy directive under which they were to operate. Regarding the new appointments of German officials in Bavaria, the various religious faiths had been fairly represented; Communists and Social Democrats were represented more by accident than by design. Finally, the board felt that the public relations of Col. Charles E. Keegan, Head of the Regional Military Government, had not been adequately handled, thus leaving him and his administration open to criticism, often based on ignorance of the enormity of Military Government problems. (740.00119 Control (Germany)/7–1445)↩
- Schutzstaffeln, Elite Corps (Black Shirts) of the Nazi Party, used for military and police purposes.↩
- Counter Intelligence Corps.↩
- Not printed.↩