The American Ambassador in China (Gauss) to the Chinese Minister for Foreign Affairs (Soong)33

My Dear Dr. Soong: With reference to our conversation last evening, on the subject of Chinese students and technicians intending to proceed to the United States, I enclose a memorandum, based on my instructions from Washington, indicating the information desired by my Government in this matter.

We have, from time to time, requested to be informed of the plans as they have progressed, but so far I have been unable to communicate anything definitive to my Government.

Let me repeat that the Department of State and American educational institutions as well as business concerns that may offer training facilities welcome the opportunity to assist in China’s war effort and postwar preparations.

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The request for official information concerning educational and training plans is prompted by the common desire to forestall any unfortunate developments and to bring about the best possible results.

I might add that the Embassy also desires information in order that it may deal promptly with passport visa applications and the usual formalities when the students and technicians are ready to proceed to the United States.

I am [etc.]

C. E. Gauss

The American Embassy to the Chinese Ministry for Foreign Affairs


Reports of the plans of the Chinese Government whereby many hundreds of Chinese students may come to the United States either at their own expense or on Chinese Government support, in addition to hundreds of technicians for whom technical training is desired, have aroused considerable interest in educational circles in the United States.

In order to reply to inquiries concerning these plans and in order to take such steps as may be feasible to insure the best possible results from the education and training these men hope to receive, the Department of State has instructed the Embassy to request a comprehensive statement concerning what has been done in this field up to date, including decisions concerning the approximate numbers of students and trainees who are expected to arrive within stated periods, the nature of the instruction and training desired for them, the amount and source of their financial support, the Chinese Government agency or agencies in the United States with which the Department of State and interested organizations in the United States may conduct correspondence concerning the students and trainees and any other information that would be useful in connection with these projects.

The Department of State would require in advance satisfactory assurance that the students and trainees would have dependable and adequate financial support to meet not only routine expenses but also unforeseeable contingencies such as sickness or accident.

Those students proceeding with Government support will be expected to supply the same advance information concerning their arrangements as are required in the case of students proceeding on their own funds, including evidence of admission to accredited institutions.

Educational institutions in the United States have been in many cases disarranged by war conditions and an influx doubling the number [Page 1138] of Chinese students now there and unable to return to China may necessitate careful planning.

The Department’s advisory committee on the adjustment of foreign students has expressed the view that the number of Chinese students to be admitted should be limited by the opportunities for study, housing and counseling that are available to Chinese students in the institutions selected by them.

The Department of State and American educational institutions, as well as business concerns that may offer training facilities, welcome the opportunity to assist in China’s war effort and post war preparations.

  1. Copy transmitted to the Department by the Chargé in China in his despatch No. 3167, November 21; received December 1.