The Ambassador in China ( Gauss ) to the Secretary of State
[Received October 24.]
Sir: I have the honor to enclose a copy of a report (no. 26, September 10, 1944) entitled “The Development of Communist Political Control in the Guerrilla Bases” prepared by Mr. John S. Service, Second Secretary of Embassy on detail to General Stilwell’s Headquarters, who now is in Yenan, Shensi (seat of the Chinese Communist regime) as a member of the United States Army Observer Section.
A summary of Mr. Service’s report will be found in the opening paragraph thereof. The report constitutes a comprehensive and revealing account of Communist political and administrative policies and measures and accordingly seems to merit careful scrutiny.
In connection with this general question, it would seem only fair to observe that a good many Chinese, whether Kuomintang officials or civilians, take issue with the thesis that the Chinese Communist Party is democratic or that genuine democracy is being practiced in the Communist-controlled area. A recent example is to be found in the editorial columns of the influential Ta Kung Pao which, in commenting on the scene at Yenan, charged the Chinese Communist Party with possessing “almost carte blanche powers over all Party, political and military affairs” (see enclosure to the Embassy’s despatch 2856, August 9, 194415). For what is probably a typical Kuomintang point of view of the “democracy” of the Chinese Communists, reference is made to the enclosure to the Embassy’s despatch 2963, September 15, 1944.
- Neither printed.↩