Memorandum by the Adviser on Political Relations (Hornbeck) to the Secretary of State 3

I feel it highly desirable that before any draft is formally received from or formally given to the Japanese Embassy, we should give the [Page 149] British Government an indication of what is going on and of our general thought in regard to the matter.

Any giving to the Japanese of an indication of a willingness on our part to assist toward a termination of the hostilities in China will be a step on our part the potential effects of which will be of legitimate and substantial concern to the British. (Also, it will be to the Chinese—who, just as are the British, fighting in resistance to the concept of which Nazi Germany is the chief exponent of a new “world order”.)

S[tanley] K. H[ornbeck]

[Here follows text of earlier draft, dated April 11, printed on page 143, except that under section II the following paragraph is inserted and the beginning of section III is revised as follows:]

The Government of Japan further declares that it is under no commitment under its Axis Alliance or otherwise which is inconsistent with the terms of the present agreement with the Government of the United States.

III. China affairs.

When this agreement is concluded and both Governments have given it their approval and commitment, the President of the United States will suggest to the Government of Japan and the Government of China that those Governments enter into a negotiation for a termination of hostilities and resumption of peaceful relations on a basis as follows:

[Here follows text of points a to e, inclusive, of the April 11 draft; a new point f is inserted, changing the earlier point f to point g:]

f. The question of the future of Manchuria to be dealt with by negotiations, without duress, to which China, Japan and “Manchukuo” shall be parties.

[Here follows text of the April 11 draft to point b of section IV; a new paragraph is inserted changing the earlier one from b to c:]

b. The two Governments will give consideration to an exchange of courtesy visits of naval squadrons to take place after the conclusion of the proposed conference for the purpose of signaling a new era of peace in the Pacific.

[Here follows text of the April 11 draft of section V, except that a new paragraph is inserted after the first one:]

The two Governments undertake to take such steps as may be necessary to effect a resumption of normal trade relations, subject [Page 150] to the conditions aforementioned, as existed under the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between the United States and Japan which expired on January 26, 1940. The two Governments would be prepared to enter into negotiations looking to the conclusion of a new commercial treaty to meet new conditions.

[Here follows text of the April 11 draft through section VII, with the following section inserted:]

VIII. Upon the conclusion of a peace settlement between Japan and China, the Governments of the United States and Japan undertake to enter into negotiations with the Chinese Government looking to the relinquishment by the American and Japanese Governments of extraterritorial and other special rights in China. The two Governments further undertake to use their influence with the Governments of the other nations concerned with a view to those nations’ taking similar action.

[Here follows text of the April 11 draft on “Conference.”]

  1. Submitted with the penciled explanation that “This supersedes a previous counter-draft”; for latter, see text of April 11, p. 143.
  2. Dated in pencil: “IV–14–’41”. Notation on file copy: “Redraft by Mr. Hornbeck of the Japanese draft of April 9, 1941.”