The Ambassador in Argentina ( Weddell ) to the Secretary of State
[Received November 4.]
Sir: I have the honor to transmit the original text, and translation, of an exposé, prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which embodies the views of the Argentine Government with respect to the forthcoming Conference at Lima.
In my despatch No. 2257 of October 21, 1938 I reported that Doctor Cantilo had promised me such an expression of views and had, at the same time, outlined a project which his delegation intended to support at the Conference, and which is in amplification of Article 2 of the Convention for the Maintenance, Preservation and Reestablishment of Peace signed at Buenos Aires in December, 1936. It will be seen that the Argentine Government considers that the system of mutual consultation agreed upon in Buenos Aires might be extended to apply not only to the case of war, or menace of war, but to specific cases of a different order. In my conversation with Doctor Cantilo he stated that such specific cases might, in his opinion, cover questions such as customs, frontier police, immigration, etc. He added that in order to insure prompt consultation, the Governments interested might, if they so desired, delegate their diplomatic representatives to attend the meetings whenever necessary.
The exposé further stresses the necessity for the Conference to abide strictly by the agenda and to avoid the unexpected inclusion of projects which might create divergencies or confusion among the delegations. The Argentine Government expresses itself as contrary to the Inter–American Court of Justice50 and the League of American Nations;51 and refers, in addition to the Briand–Kellogg Pact,52 to certain specific treaties which might be taken into consideration with a view to perfecting and coordinating inter-American instruments [Page 33] of peace. Reference is also made to the peace code53 to be submitted at the Lima Conference and to the unduly slow procedure of the proposed Commission of Conciliation54 which, in the opinion of the Argentine Government, is a defect already attributable to the Gondra Pact.55
The Argentine Government will furthermore insist on its reservation in connection with Article 6 of the Convention to Coordinate, Extend and Assure the Fulfillment of the Existing Treaties Between the American States,56 and furnishes its interpretation of this Article. It also favors postponing consideration of the definition of the aggressor. As to sanctions, the opinion is expressed that those of a moral or juridical character are more practicable, for as long as the application of material sanctions is not general it cannot be effective.
Other points in the exposé refer to the codification of international law, financial claims, women’s political and civil rights and to the recognition of belligerency.
It is of some interest to note that in matters of immigration the Argentine Government will claim that no system of quotas should be established among American republics and that it is necessary to stress the right to regulate and select immigration in accordance with national requirements.
- See Diario de Sesiones, index, p. xxxi.↩
- See ibid., p. 770.↩
- Treaty between the United States and other powers, signed at Paris, August 27, 1928, Foreign Relations, 1928, vol. i, p. 153.↩
- See Diario de Sesiones, index, p. xxvii.↩
- See, in this connection, “Proyecto Sobre Reuniones de los Ministros de Relaciones Exteriores,” in Diario de Sesiones, p. 109.↩
- Treaty to Avoid or Prevent Conflicts between the American States, signed May 3, 1923, Foreign Relations, 1923, vol. i, p. 308. See also General Convention of Inter-American Conciliation, signed January 5, 1929, ibid., 1929, vol. i, p. 653.↩
- Signed December 23, 1936; for text and reservation, see Report of the Delegation of the United States of America to the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace, pp. 131, 137.↩
- Foreign Relations, 1928, vol. i, p. 153.↩
- Ibid., 1923, vol. i, p. 308.↩
- Ibid., 1929, vol. i, p. 653.↩
- Additional Protocol to the General Convention of Inter-American Conciliation, signed at Montevideo, December 26, 1933, ibid., 1933, vol. iv, p. 226.↩
- Signed January 5, 1929, ibid., 1929, vol. i, p. 659.↩
- Signed January 5, 1929, ibid., p. 667.↩
- Anti-War, Nonaggression, and Conciliation Treaty, signed at Rio de Janeiro, October 10, 1933, ibid., 1933, vol. iv, p. 234.↩