The Under Secretary of State (Phillips) to the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (Pittman)
My Dear Senator Pittman: I am writing this in compliance with what I understood to be the request of the sub-committee at the close of the hearing yesterday.
- It seems to me that the doubt raised as to the construction of
Section 5 of S. 2998 can be removed by amending that section, by
striking out the words in lines ten and twelve beginning with
“Provided” and ending with “warfare” and substituting in their place
“Provided, however, That no licenses shall be refused by the Secretary of State for reasons other than those specified in this Section except in cases where the proposed exportation would be in violation of a law of the United States or of a treaty to which the United States is a party, and Provided, further, That no licenses shall be issued for the export of appliances and substances exclusively intended for use in chemical warfare”.
- The enclosure, in several copies, which contains various suggestions with reference to neutrality legislation was drafted on the theory that it might be desired to consider the enactment of a single measure dealing with various phases of the subject. But, of course, should that not be desired any one of the sections could be made an independent bill or resolution by a slight change of language.
You will see that the sections headed I, VI, and VII have reference to the matters dealt with in the three pending resolutions introduced by Senators Nye and Clark and that the other sections deal with matters that are not, so far as I know, covered by any pending proposals.
You will, of course, understand, as stated yesterday, that this Department is not seeking to thrust its views on Congress, but is simply endeavoring to be of help in the treatment of an important subject in response to your request.
After talking with the Committee’s Secretary, Mr. Lamb, I have thought best to transmit to you a sufficient number of copies of what has been drafted here to enable him to furnish a copy to each member of the sub-committee and to Senator Nye and to Senator Clark.
Very sincerely yours,
- Note: Lines 15–19 are premised on the supposition that the Bill S. 2998, introduced by Senators Pope, Nye, Bone, George and Clark on May 13 (calendar day, June 5), 1935, will be passed by the Congress. [Reference is to the clause beginning “then thereafter the Secretary of State …” Footnote in the original.]↩
- Note: This suggestion is based on the supposition that all the other suggestions may be adopted as separate sections of a single Bill. It is in line with a similar provision in Section 9, Title V, of the Act of June 15, 1917, 40 Stat. 223 (Title 18, Section 38 U. S. C.) [Footnote in the original.]↩