List of Papers

(Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.)

BOLIVIA

Representations Regarding Extraordinary War Taxes, Created by Bolivian Law of September 30, 1932

[Page VI]
Date and number Subject Page
1932 Sept. 7 (75) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Opinion that 1% tax levied by the Bolivian Government on foreign capital invested in Bolivia would be in violation of existing treaties and would directly affect American interests.
1
Sept. 10 (34) To the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Request for further details regarding the proposed capital levy.
1
Sept. 12 (78) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Information that tax proceeds will be used for national defense; that method of collection will be regulated by subsequent decree and that levy will involve article 3 of U. S.-Bolivian treaty of 1858.
1
Sept. 19 (85) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Advice that tax bill was passed by Chamber of Deputies and that British Chargé has instructions to bring matter to the attention of Bolivian Government when law is finally promulgated.
2
Sept. 22 (36) To the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Department’s doubt as to whether article 3 or any part of the 1858 treaty is violated by proposed tax bill.
2
Oct. 5 (93) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Information that tax law was promulgated September 30 and that British Chargé is informing Bolivian Government that it is presumed British interests will be exempt under terms of article 9 of British-Bolivian treaty of 1911.
2
Oct. 13 (101) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s belief that foreign individuals and corporations would be exempt under terms of existing treaties.
3
Oct. 19 (43) To the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Instructions to request, if deemed necessary, that American citizens in Bolivia be exempted from payment of the war tax.
3
1933 Jan. 25 (525) From the Minister in Bolivia
Request for instructions as to what further representations may be made to the Bolivian Government in connection with an inquiry made by Patino Mines and Enterprises, Inc., an American firm with large interests in Bolivia.
3
Feb. 18 (4) To the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Instructions to request exemption under article 3, treaty of 1858, on behalf of Patino Mines and Enterprises, Inc., and any other American corporations or citizens called upon to pay war tax.
5
Mar. 22 (570) From the Minister in Bolivia
Report on representations made to the Foreign Minister.
5
Aug. 30 (673) From the Minister in Bolivia
Information that further American and British representations concerning status of corporations will depend upon legal interpretation of the words “citizens” and “subjects” and the applicability to them of the terms of the 1931 Referendum.
6
(Note: Bolivian issuance on May 12, 1935, of a circular indicating that nationals of the United States and certain other countries are exempt from war taxes under existing treaties.) 9

Arrangement Between the United States and Bolivia for Extension to Consular Officers, on Basis of Reciprocity, of the Privilege of Free Importation of Articles for Personal Use

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Nov. 8 (153) To the Minister in Bolivia
Instructions to inform Foreign Ministry that, reciprocally and upon request of Bolivian Legation in Washington, arrangement may be made for free entry of articles imported into the United States by Bolivian consular officers and their families.
9
Dec. 28 (500) From the Minister in Bolivia
Information that arrangement as suggested in Department’s instruction No. 153, November 8, is accepted by the Bolivian Government without reservation.
10
1933 Jan. 6 (501) From the Minister in Bolivia
Advice that Bolivian authorities will consider matter of reciprocal privileges as definitely arranged after an accord has been reached between the Department and the Bolivian Legation.
11
Jan. 27 To the Bolivian Minister
Formal U. S. acceptance of arrangement for extension of reciprocal privileges.
11
Jan. 30 From the Bolivian Minister
Information that instructions to conclude the accord have been received from the Foreign Ministry.
12

BRAZIL

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Brazil

[Page VII][Page VIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 12 (57) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that the Brazilian Ambassador has been informed of the Department’s desire to open exploratory conversations with a view to the negotiation of a U. S.-Brazilian reciprocal trade agreement; instructions to bring matter informally to the Foreign Minister’s attention and report his comments.
13
July 15 (65) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that appropriate departments of the Brazilian Government must first submit their views with respect to negotiation of a trade agreement before any definitive statement on the subject can be made, but that the Brazilian Government is favorably inclined in principle toward such negotiations.
13
July 18 (66) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Comments on press despatches concerning Brazil’s reputed cautious acceptance of the U. S. proposal to explore the possibilities of a reciprocal agreement.
13
July 22 (67) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information from the Under Secretary of State that the Brazilian Ambassador in Washington has been instructed to open negotiations for a trade agreement.
14
July 27 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Brazilian Ambassador’s advice of his Government’s willingness to begin conversations looking to a possible trade agreement; Acting Secretary’s offer to address a letter to the Brazilian Ambassador concerning exploratory nature of these conversations.
14
July 28 To the Brazilian Ambassador
Expression of pleasure at Brazilian acceptance of suggestions for trade agreement conversations, and comment as to exploratory character of the proposed conversations.
15
Aug. 1 From the Brazilian Ambassador
Reply to Acting Secretary’s letter of July 28, requesting information concerning U. S. views as to possible bases for a commercial agreement.
15
Aug. 11 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Accioly, Counselor of the Brazilian Embassy, who was told that a written reply would be made to the Brazilian Ambassador’s request for U. S. views regarding bases for a commercial agreement; U. S. hope that Brazil will decide to send experts to the United States for the conversations.
16
Aug. 19 To the Brazilian Ambassador
Suggested bases for a commercial agreement; request that pending a decision by the Brazilian Government to send technical experts to Washington, the Ambassador plan to begin preliminary conversations at an early date.
17
Aug. 19 (64) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Transmittal of copy of Department’s letter of August 19 to the Brazilian Ambassador (supra); instructions to inform the Foreign Minister of the U. S. hope that conversations may begin in the near future.
18
Aug. 21 (74) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that Brazilian Government is prepared to begin preliminary conversations at once.
18
Aug. 29 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Account of first informal conversation between Department officials and the Brazilian Ambassador on negotiation of a commercial agreement.
19
Aug. 31 (75) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request for information concerning the course of the trade agreement discussions.
(Footnote: Transmittal of requested information by telegram No. 66, September 2.)
20
Sept. 1 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Accioly, during which certain Brazilian inquiries with regard to the trade agreement negotiations were discussed and it was suggested that discussions of the experts begin on September 18.
21
Oct. 12 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with Mr. Accioly, who related Brazilian refusal to begin detailed treaty discussions until the arrival in Washington of Mr. Penna, one of the Brazilian experts.
(Footnote: Information of Mr. Penna’s expected arrival in Washington on October 28; agreement that discussions should begin on October 30.)
22
[Oct. 30] Memorandum Handed to the Brazilian Ambassador by the Assistant Secretary of State, on October 30, 1933
Draft text of reciprocal trade agreement between the United States and Brazil.
23
Nov. 14 (2) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Request for information regarding trade agreements being negotiated with Brazil and Argentina.
(Footnote: Information that the Secretary of State was en route to the Seventh International Conference of American States at Montevideo.)
28
Nov. 15 (5) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information requested in telegram No. 2, November 14.
28
Dec. 6 (103) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request that Ambassador attempt to hasten Brazilian answer to U. S. draft trade agreement.
29
Dec. 8 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that purport of telegram No. 103, December 6, has been conveyed to the appropriate Foreign Office official, who promised that a reply would be expedited.
30
[Page IX]

Efforts of the Department of State and Private Firms To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests With Respect to Brazilian Exchange Restrictions

[Page X][Page XI][Page XII][Page XIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 21 (15) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to submit a report and recommendations with respect to the alleged inequitable allocation to U. S. nationals of the exchange cover available in Brazil, especially with reference to the Rothschild Credit and Brazilian special exchange arrangements with other countries.
30
Feb. 2 (4028) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Submission of detailed preliminary report concerning Brazilian exchange restrictions; request for authorization to discuss the situation informally and orally with appropriate Brazilian authorities; memorandum (text printed) by the American Chamber of Commerce for Brazil containing suggestions for action with respect to exchange transactions in Brazil.
31
Feb. 6 (11) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Opinion that general exchange situation will be eased by May or June and that attention then will be given to accumulated milreis.
40
Feb. 21 (37) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Authorization for discussion with Brazilian authorities concerning the exchange situation; disapproval of the American Chamber of Commerce suggestion relating to the execution of a compensating agreement between the United States and Brazil.
41
Mar. 10 (33) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information concerning Brazilian negotiations with Rothschild representative for a long-term loan, which will be applied to alleviation of the accumulated commercial exchange situation.
41
Mar. 14 (42) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to report details concerning proposed long-term loan, as to how it will be applied to alleviating exchange and when the relief should be expected.
42
Mar. 28 (45) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request for verification and pertinent information on the report that a special Rothschild representative arrived in Brazil March 10 and will soon present a plan for the settlement of Brazil’s foreign debts in Europe.
42
Mar. 30 (38) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that, as previously reported, Rothschild representative is conferring with Brazilian Government on long-term loan, and that no special favors to British interests are contemplated.
42
Mar. 30 (39) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Opinion that British proposals for commercial or exchange favors will not be made to Brazil until after the successful outcome of present British negotiations with Argentina.
43
May 12 From the American Chamber of Commerce for Brazil to President Roosevelt (tel.)
Review of American trade conditions in Brazil resulting from exchange restrictions, and recommendation for U. S. insistence that Brazilian Government furnish exchange for recent unpaid shipments, new current requirements, and frozen funds.
43
May 16 (52) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Request for instructions regarding a formal inquiry made to the Embassy by the American Chamber of Commerce with respect to the obtaining of certain information from the Bank of Brazil.
44
May 18 (49) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions requested in telegram No. 52, May 16; advice concerning acknowledgment of American Chamber of Commerce telegram of May 12 to President Roosevelt.
44
May 19 From the Consul General at Rio de Janeiro (tel.)
Report that Finance Minister has declared that special exchange facilities cannot be granted for American exports to Brazil.
44
May 20 Memorandum by Mr. W. R. Manning of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between U. S. Government representatives and special Brazilian delegation, at which it was suggested that U. S. Secretary of State might use his good offices to obviate a possible U. S. coffee tax if Brazilian delegation could give written assurance of fair and equitable treatment for American commercial interests in Brazil with respect to service of loans and exchange distribution.
45
May 20 Memorandum by Mr. W. R. Manning of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Special conference between U. S. officials and Brazilian delegation regarding distribution of exchange cover in Brazil with particular emphasis on the desire of American interests in Brazil to obtain fair and adequate exchange cover in order to transfer their accumulated milreis credits to the United States.
46
May 23 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Meeting between U. S. officials and Brazilian delegation at which an agreement was reached on the text of a statement to be made public and a confidential message for U. S. Secretary of State regarding Brazilian assurance of fair treatment of American interests in exchange matters; letter from the Secretary of State to the Chairman of the Brazilian delegation (text printed) expressing his opposition to imposition of a U. S. coffee tax.
48
May 26 To Mr. Fred I. Kent, Supervisor of Exchange, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Inability of Department of State to undertake negotiations for a suggested loan arrangement with the Brazilian Government for unfreezing of American commercial credits in Brazil.
50
May 26 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Department officials and representatives of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey and the National Foreign Trade Council concerning discussions held between the Department and the Brazilian delegation; Department’s attitude that exchange matter should be worked out with Brazil by the private interests concerned.
51
May 27 From Mr. Fred I. Kent, Supervisor of Exchange, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Conversation with Dr. Numa de Oliveira of the Brazilian delegation, during which a plan was discussed for the participation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in loan arrangements for the release of blocked milreis deposits.
53
June 2 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with Palmer E. Pierce of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey concerning a proposed arrangement between U.S. interests in Brazil and the Bank of Brazil with respect to the liquidation of frozen assets and dividend payments.
54
June 2 (4110) From the Chargé in Brazil
Official announcement of the payment by the Brazilian Government of the final installment of the Rothschild loan, and information concerning effect on exchange market.
55
June 15 From the President of the National Foreign Trade Council
Draft agreement (text printed) between the Banco do Brasil and the committee representing American holders of blocked currency in Brazil.
56
June 27 (24) To President Roosevelt (tel.)
Request for instructions in regard to question of economic policy presented by the agreement signed between the Banco do Brasil and certain American firms in Brazil, which involves granting of a preference to one group of American creditors over another.
60
June 29 (17) From President Roosevelt (tel.)
Opinion on question presented in telegram No. 24, June 27.
61
June 29 To the President of the National Foreign Trade Council
Department’s position with respect to the agreement between the Banco do Brasil and certain American firms.
62
July 6 Memorandum by the Assistant Economic Adviser
Comments concerning a New York Times article with regard to the filing of claims for transfer of U. S. blocked funds in Brazil under the recent Brazil transfer agreement; further advice that British and French interests having frozen funds in Brazil expect to make similar agreements.
62
July 20 (4161) From the Chargé in Brazil
Information concerning recently published French decree (text printed), which provides for application of French import control regulations to imports from Brazil and transfer of French credits in Brazil.
63
Aug. 15 (3) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Foreign Office statement (text printed) announcing that as a result of Franco-Brazilian negotiations the French decree of July 8 has been suspended until September 15.
65
Sept. 5 (85) From the Brazilian Ambassador
Memorandum (text printed) requesting the opening of a credit of $50,000,000 in favor of the Banco do Brasil as an exchange fund for the purpose of paying for imported merchandise.
66
Oct. 21 (98) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Suggestion that Fred Kent, Exchange Supervisor for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, be fully informed with regard to French negotiations for a milreis agreement with Brazil.
68
Oct. 23 (100) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice from Foreign Minister that Franco-Brazilian negotiations have broken down and that the French intend to put their decree of July 8 into effect.
68
Oct. 25 (87) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that copies of the Embassy’s despatch No. 4161, July 20, and telegram No. 100, October 23, have been sent to Kent; request for a report on apprehended difficulties with regard to U. S. milreis agreement.
69
Oct. 27 (78) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Report of Brazilian restrictions on import and exchange transactions with France in retaliation for French coercive measures against Brazil.
69
Oct. 27 (106) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that American business interests in Brazil are encountering difficulties in securing exchange cover and are getting little encouragement from Figueiredo, Director of the Exchange Bank of Brazil, to hope for compliance with the Bank’s commitments.
70
Nov. 1 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Mr. Kent and officials of the Department regarding Brazilian exchange developments and Brazilian plan for service of its foreign debt.
70
Nov. 10 To the Brazilian Ambassador
Department’s viewpoint that U. S. Government could not properly be involved with regard to the Brazilian credit request, and that matter should be taken up with private concerns.
72
Dec. 11 (121) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
From Commercial Attaché for Department of Commerce: Advice that the Bank of Brazil has adopted a policy of supplying exchange to cover imports of raw materials only; opinion that vigorous representations should be made by the United States.
73
Dec. 13 (106) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request for comment and recommendations regarding the new Brazilian exchange policy referred to in telegram No. 121, December 11.
73
Dec. 20 (110) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request for advice as to what effect Brazilian exchange policy will have on imports of wheat flour.
73
Dec. 21 (124) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information requested in telegram No. 110, December 20, and report of further developments in exchange situation.
74
Dec. 21 (126) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that several American companies are not receiving exchange cover from the Bank of Brazil; and that the Director, Figueiredo, has told these and other applicants that he is unable to carry out his undertakings owing to lack of foreign exchange; recommendations for action in the matter.
74
Dec. 27 (129) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information from U. S. Consuls tending to nullify Figueiredo’s claims of lack of foreign exchange.
75
Dec. 31 (131) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Resignation of Figueiredo; suggestion for withholding of U. S. action pending further developments.
75

Efforts To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Creditors in the Servicing of Brazilian Federal, State, and Municipal Debts

[Page XIV][Page XV][Page XVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 16 (82) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that Brazilian Government has consulted with Sir Otto Niemeyer, of the Bank of England, regarding formulation of a plan for payment of Brazilian foreign debt obligations, and that Brazilian officials have been informed of U. S. interest in the plan; request for Department’s guidance and any suggestion which Fred Kent, of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, may offer with regard to the matter.
75
Sept. 27 (58) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Draft plan (text printed) for the adjustment of Brazilian national, state, and municipal debts.
76
Sept. 28 (73) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to advise appropriate authorities that opportunity should be given to those bondholders whose interests might be affected to express their opinions before any payment plan is adopted by the Brazilian Government; request for information regarding principles used in determining grouping of various loans and for an indication of just what loans will fall in certain classes.
79
Oct. 5 (88) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Opinion that the United States should submit at an early date a definite statement of its desiderata with respect to Brazilian debt payment plan.
80
Oct. 9 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with Mr. Kent, who expressed his opinions with regard to the Brazilian plan for payment of foreign debt obligations.
80
Oct. 11 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with Mr. Kent, during which he read an extract from a letter he had written to the Brazilian Finance Minister regarding grouping of American federal loans in the Brazilian debt plan.
81
Oct. 21 (84) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Department is sending an instruction criticizing the debt plan; request that, until this instruction is received, measures be taken to insure that the Brazilian Government will take no untimely action on the matter.
82
Oct. 23 (99) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that views expressed in Department’s telegram No. 84, October 21, have been conveyed to Foreign Minister and Finance Minister; advice that Finance Minister has received a letter from Kent asserting that the plan discriminates in favor of the British.
82
Oct. 24 (23) To the Ambassador in Brazil
Detailed criticism of debt plan as being inconsistent with former Brazilian assurances of equitable and fair treatment for American bondholders as compared with treatment accorded bondholders of other countries; instructions to present U. S. views to the Brazilian Government.
83
Oct. 25 (105) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with Finance Minister, wherein he spoke in detail of the background of the present debt plan and remarked that he would have welcomed American guidance in formulation of the plan if it had been offered; Ambassador’s request for Department’s views on the advisability of sending Kent to Brazil.
87
Oct. 28 (107) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Finance Minister’s indication in press interview that plan is nearly completed, and information concerning a message approving plan sent to Finance Minister from Dillon, Reed. Summary of U. S. representations made to various Brazilian officials, and suggestion that Department impress Brazilian Ambassador with seriousness of its views so that he may inform his Government.
88
Oct. 30 (91) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Department’s failure to understand reported statement of Brazilian Finance Minister that representatives of bondholders had accepted in principle the Government’s plan for servicing state and municipal debts; reiteration of U. S. hope that Brazil will not announce a discriminatory payment plan without consulting American interests.
89
Oct. 30 (92) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions, in view of Brazilian Government’s apparent misunderstanding, to present formally Department’s position as set forth in instruction No. 23 of October 24; objection to proposed mission to Brazil by Kent; reference of foreign debt problem to bondholders’ organization.
90
Oct. 31 (93) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Brazilian Ambassador has been informed of U. S. viewpoint with regard to foreign debt plan.
91
Nov. 8 (109) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that substance of instruction No. 23, October 24, has been formally presented to the Foreign Office; report of representations made to Brazilian officials stressing the U. S. proposal that no debt plan should be put into effect without consultation with the newly created Bondholders’ Commission.
91
Nov. 9 (110) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Suggestion that Brazilian Ambassador be urged to inform his Government of the Department’s views and also to obtain assurance from his Government that an opportunity will be afforded for the Bondholders’ Commission to confer.
92
Nov. 9 (111) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request of Foreign Minister and Finance Minister that Department furnish a copy of the debt plan to the Bondholders’ Commission.
93
Nov. 10 (94) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that an informal memorandum was handed to the Brazilian Ambassador expressing Department’s views regarding necessity for consultation between Brazilian Government and Bondholders’ Commission.
93
Nov. 11 (95) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that copy of Brazilian plan has been transmitted to Bondholders’ Commission.
93
Nov. 16 (97) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Expectation that organizing group of Bondholders’ Commission, which has been meeting with Brazilian representatives, will soon reach a decision as to what action may be taken.
94
Nov. 17 (98) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Inquiry with regard to a press report concerning Brazilian Finance Minister’s proposed scheme for servicing foreign debts.
94
Nov. 18 (115) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that Finance Minister’s plan referred to in press report was that transmitted in despatch No. 58, September 27.
94
Nov. 28 (23) To the American Delegation to the Seventh International Conference of American States (tel.)
For the Secretary of State (Chairman of the delegation): Information with regard to the meetings and problems of the Executive Committee of the Bondholders’ Association.
95
Dec. 11 (118) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Foreign Office note, November 29 (text printed), in answer to Department’s analysis of debt plan as transmitted in instruction No. 23, October 24; annexed Finance Ministry memorandum (text printed) setting forth the reasons which induced the Brazilian Government to establish classification of loans into seven grades.
95

CHILE

Efforts of the Department of State To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests With Respect to Chilean Exchange Restrictions

[Page XVII][Page XVIII][Page XIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 25 (1366) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report on difficulties of American interests in Chile arising from Chilean exchange control regulations; representations to Foreign Minister, November 9, 1932, and January 24, 1933 (texts printed), expressing U. S. position; memorandum of conversation with the Finance Minister, January 25 (text printed), concerning currency problems.
103
Feb. 6 (1461) To the Ambassador in Chile
Instructions for further endeavor to obtain relief for frozen U. S. credits in Chile; observations as to possible good effect of reference to provisions of recent Spanish-Chilean compensation agreement concerning frozen Spanish credits.
111
Feb. 7 (1374) From the Ambassador in Chile
Intention to adopt policy of seeking specific action on individual issues, rather than to continue presenting exchange problems in a general way; notes to Foreign Minister (texts printed): February 3, advising of U. S. desire for final and definite disposition of several long-standing problems; January 31, requesting to be informed as to when conversations for a U. S.-Chilean commercial arrangement can begin.
112
Feb. 23 (1471) To the Ambassador in Chile
Commendation for Ambassador’s effective presentation of the exchange problems affecting U. S. interests in Chile.
114
Feb. 28 (1397) From the Ambassador in Chile
Information concerning the problem of obtaining release for foreign currency deposits in Chilean banks, and review of negotiations with Foreign Office and Finance Minister leading to an arrangement for the release of small deposits; advice that arrangements are being concluded for the gradual release of the largest U. S. deposit, that of the Compañia Sud Americana de Explosivos.
115
Mar. 8 (1401) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report of exchange of correspondence with Foreign Office concerning efforts to obtain for U. S. commerce treatment equivalent to that granted other countries under compensation agreements; opinion as to probable developments in future negotiations.
117
April 3 (1483) To the Ambassador in Chile
Approval of views conveyed to the Foreign Minister as reported in despatch No. 1401 of March 8.
119
May 10 (1454) From the Ambassador in Chile
Foreign Minister’s advice that a meeting of the Treaty Commission has been called and that the first order of business would be discussion of the means whereby frozen American credits could be released; Ambassador’s opinion that if nothing definite results from this meeting, affirmative action must be taken by the Department.
120
May 12 (67) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Request for authorization to negotiate a commercial convention with the Chilean Government in order that U. S. interests may obtain relief from the prevailing exchange restrictions.
122
May 17 (1461) From the Ambassador in Chile
Additional suggestions in regard to the negotiation of a commercial convention.
123
May 19 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with the Chilean Chargé who was informed that Ambassador Culbertson was acting on Department’s instructions in his endeavor to secure favorable treatment for U. S. interests in Chile.
129
May 24 (25) To the Ambasasdor in Chile (tel.)
Advice that the United States is taking a strong stand at the London Economic Conference against the whole system of exchange controls, and that as long as there is any hope of achievement in this direction, it does not wish to enter into any commercial arrangement recognizing exchange control.
130
June 3 (76) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Foreign Office advice that if the principal nations at the London Conference agree to the elimination of compensation agreements, Chile will obligate itself to take a similar course.
130
June 7 (1481) From the Ambassador in Chile
Further comments and suggestions concerning negotiation of a compensation agreement as the only effective solution to the problem of liquidating frozen U. S. credits in Chile.
131
Sept. 6 (1535) From the Chargé in Chile
Report concerning adverse effect on American business in Chile of Chilean special arrangements with other nations; suggestion for more definite and specific U. S. policy to be followed in negotiations with the Chilean Government.
132
Oct. 25 (1560) From the Chargé in Chile
Information that the principal U. S. holders of blocked funds have succeeded in repatriating at least $2,000,000 of these funds through private arrangements with the Chilean Government.
135
Nov. 1 (1550) To the Chargé in Chile
Instructions to suggest to the Chilean Government that a provisional agreement in regard to the allotment of exchange be concluded pending the opportunity to negotiate a definitive trade agreement; suggestion of possible bases upon which exchange might be allotted in accordance with most-favored-nation treatment; draft (text printed) of the proposed provisional agreement.
137
Nov. 18 (1582) From the Chargé in Chile
Report of various Foreign Office objections to the proposed agreement; suggestion that in further negotiations the United States might find it desirable to ask for certain concessions to take care of frozen credits and current needs rather than to insist on allotment of exchange at most-favored-nation rate, and should endeavor to obtain assurances with respect to other related problems.
142
Nov. 29 (51) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to press for the general principles contained in the draft agreement, but disapproval of proposals suggested by Chargé in despatch No. 1582 of November 18; request for Ambassador’s views with regard to the relation between the type of arrangement proposed and special arrangements which the copper or nitrate companies may have made with the Chilean Government.
145
Nov. 29 (5) From the Ambassador in Chile
Advice that the French Minister has suggested to the Chilean Government that some arrangement for the resumption of service on Chilean loans floated in France be embodied in the French-Chilean compensation treaty.
146
Dec. 2 (108) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that draft agreement has been presented formally to the Chilean Government; information concerning disposition of exchange arising from copper and nitrate sales in the United States and in other countries.
147
Dec. 9 (109) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Indication by the Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs that the Chilean Government considers the U. S. agreement unacceptable; hope for more constructive developments in later conversations with the Acting Foreign Minister.
147
Dec. 13 (54) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Request for brief telegraphic report of Ambassador’s interview with Acting Foreign Minister.
148
Dec. 13 (110) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Report of interview with Acting Foreign Minister.
148
Dec. 14 (111) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Further discussion with the Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs; opinion that some progress has been made.
149
Dec. 15 (18) From the Ambassador in Chile
Detailed report of developments in negotiations with Foreign Office officials, who requested information concerning amount of American frozen credits and balance of trade between United States and Chile.
149
Dec. 27 (25) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report of tentative Chilean suggestion to remove all exchange restrictions from U. S. commerce; views regarding the advantages of such a plan.
151

Representations To Protect American Interests in the Liquidation of Cosach and the Reorganization of the Chilean Nitrate Industry

[Page XX][Page XXI][Page XXII][Page XXIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 2 (1) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Advice of Chilean Government decree which cancels decrees of incorporation of Cosach and throws the company into liquidation, and of plans for special liquidation proceedings; information that action has aroused apprehensions as to good faith of the Chilean Government and possibility of eventual dissipation of foreign capital.
154
Jan. 3 (2) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Information concerning legislation providing for liquidation procedure, which, however, contains no indication of plans; possibility that the British may feel it a disadvantage to continue to maintain solidarity with U. S. interests.
155
Jan. 4 (3) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Advice that President of Cosach filed a formal protest with the President of Chile against the decree of annulment; company’s intention not to oppose Government’s action but to cooperate in liquidation proceedings.
155
Jan. 5 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State of a Conversation With the British Ambassador, January 5, 1933
Receipt of a memorandum from the British Ambassador (infra), explaining the attitude of the British bankers with regard to dissolution of Cosach.
156
Jan. 5 From the British Embassy
Memorandum of a conversation between the Chilean Finance Minister and British bankers clarifying the British position with regard to the Chilean Government’s intimation that the dissolution of Cosach had the backing of British bankers.
156
Jan. 7 (7) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Opinion that Chilean Government has a definite plan for procedure in the liquidation of Cosach; suggestion for a talk with the Finance Minister in order to ascertain what changes in capital structure are contemplated.
157
Jan. 9 (5) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Belief that no official approach in the matter of Cosach liquidation is necessary at this time.
157
Jan. 10 (12) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Information that Chilean President’s reply to Cosach President’s letter of protest has been published; publication also of a new bill to Congress extending the powers of the liquidators.
158
Jan. 31 (19) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Conversations with President and Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Finance, who agreed to a conference between the Chilean Government and U. S. interests; publication of draft law of liquidation, which contains provisions relating to security of 60–peso charge in violation of contractual rights; opinion that formal representations must be made.
159
Feb. 1 (20) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information that the proposed liquidation law will result in advantage to certain British interests.
160
Feb. 2 (11) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that Department will consider the advisability of making formal representations, if the proposed conference between the Chilean Government and private interests does not result in agreement and it appears probable that the law will be passed.
160
Feb. 6 (26) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information with regard to the conversation held between Chilean officials and representatives of U. S. interests; advice that project of law affecting 60–peso charge was discussed and will be held in abeyance for the present.
161
Feb. 7 (27) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Report of progress in conversations between Chilean and U. S. representatives.
161
Feb, 10 (1463) To the Ambassador in Chile
Approval of position taken by Ambassador in conversations with President and Finance Minister.
162
Mar. 15 (45) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that Chilean Government is considering a new proposal which would affect adversely the existing 60-peso export tax on nitrate and would restore the old export tax for benefit of Chilean finances.
162
Mar. 16 (46) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information that Finance Minister has ordered restoration of the export tax, thus suspending 60–peso charge; Foreign Minister’s promise of memorandum on the subject; request for authorization to make formal representations insisting upon withdrawal of the orders.
162
Mar. 17 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversations with the Chilean Chargé concerning reported abolition of the 60-peso export tax; U. S. hope that situation can be worked out on a cooperative basis.
164
Mar. 17 (47) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Opinion that Foreign Minister’s memorandum, when completed, will contribute nothing to solution of the export tax problem, and belief that U. S. action need not be delayed therefor.
165
Mar. 17 (48) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Receipt of Foreign Minister’s memorandum, and information with regard to substance.
166
Mar. 20 (49) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that, unless the United States takes a firm stand with regard to the nitrate situation, the same arbitrary action might be extended to other U. S. interests in Chile.
166
Mar. 23 (19) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to present an aide-mémoire (text printed), making representations concerning Chilean disregard for international obligations, specifically with regard to suppression of 60-peso charge; suggestion that U. S. interests might consider the possibility of arbitration under article 35 of the basic Cosach law of 1930.
167
Mar. 24 (50) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information that aide-mémoire has been presented to Foreign Minister; advice that Department’s suggestion for arbitration could not be realized owing to the Chilean Supreme Court’s inability to be an impartial arbitrator under present conditions; assumption that Department intends to make no public statement for the time being.
168
Mar. 25 (20) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that Department has neither made nor intends to make a public statement concerning the nitrate question.
169
Mar. 25 (52) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Discussion with Foreign Minister concerning publicity question; interview with President, who apparently was not aware of the true situation and who was given a full explanation.
170
Apr. 3 (53) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Receipt of Foreign Minister’s memorandum (infra), in reply to U. S. aide-mémoire of March 24.
170
Apr. 3 (1956) From the Chilean Ministry for Foreign Affairs to the American Embassy in Chile
Chilean position denying international obligation in Cosach liquidation and arguing that interested parties should have initiated judicial action in Chilean courts before resorting to diplomatic action.
172
Apr. 4 Bases of a Possible Plan for the Reorganization of the Nitrate Industry
Detailed list of bases which developed from conferences between the Guggenheim representative and members of the Liquidating Commission.
180
Apr. 13 (2221) From the Chilean Ministry for Foreign Affairs to the American Embassy in Chile
Text of resolution adopted by the Liquidating Commission concerning suspension of the 60-peso charge.
182
Apr. 14 (56) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information that text of the Liquidating Commission’s resolution has been submitted to the four interested missions.
184
Apr. 22 (58) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that Finance Minister appears favorably disposed toward the proposed reorganization plan for the nitrate industry, and that Cosach President is willing to discuss certain stipulations attached to the plan by the Finance Minister.
185
Apr. 28 (22) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Request for Ambassador’s comment on questions pertinent to the proposed reorganization plan.
185
May 10 (1458) From the Ambassador in Chile
Foreign Ministry memorandum, May 10, transmitting Finance Minister’s plan for reorganization of the nitrate industry, April 27 (texts printed), presented also to British, German, and Netherlands representatives.
186
May 23 (69) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Opinion that the Chilean Government has, by the President’s statements made before the opening session of Congress, now publicly and deliberately rejected the representations made by the interested Governments; suggestion that reply be made to Chilean communications and given publicity in order to place on record U. S. position in regard to the principle involved.
190
May 27 (27) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister orally and informally of the position of the principal creditor interests involved in the nitrate situation that they cannot be expected to agree to the elimination of their contractual guarantee unless it is replaced by an adequate substitute.
191
June 7 (1480) From the Ambassador in Chile
Transmittal of project of law based on Finance Minister’s reorganization plan of April 27 which, if accepted by private interests, would satisfy practical questions but which would not, however, settle question of principle raised by foreign governments.
192
June 14 From Messrs. Sullivan & Cromwell
Protest to the Chilean Government by certain American banking firms (text printed) on behalf of bondholders of the Anglo-Chilean Consolidated Nitrate Corporation, against proposed reorganization bill; request that Department support the protest with appropriate action.
193
June 24 (33) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to transmit latest available text of bill for reorganizing the nitrate industry, and request that Department be kept advised of any changes in text.
196
June 26 (80) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information concerning eighth and latest draft reorganization bill.
196
June 28 (81) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information that in compliance with U. S. views, Finance Minister has stated that article 30 of the eighth draft text will be eliminated.
197
June 28 (1512) To the Ambassador in Chile
Transmittal of correspondence between the Department and Sullivan & Cromwell; instructions to make informal request that an opportunity be given to the representative of the Compañia Salitrera Anglo-Chilena and the holders of its securities to present their views with regard to the reorganization bill now before the Chilean Congress.
197
July 5 (1495) From the Ambassador in Chile
Information that tenth draft of reorganization bill (text printed) has been submitted to Congress.
197
Aug. 1 (1507) From the Ambassador in Chile
Advice that representations made to the Chilean Government by the President of the Anglo-Chilena have resulted in minor modifications in the project of law; informal U. S. representation to the Foreign Minister on the subject.
212
Nov. 8 (1576) From the Chargé in Chile
Information that nitrate bill has been approved by the Chilean Lower House; advice that the bill raises questions of broad policy which are of special concern to the foreign nitrate interests.
213
Dec. 6 (11) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report that the nitrate law is now being debated in the Senate, and that indications are that the law will be fairly acceptable to private interests when it reaches its final form; British interest in the passage of satisfactory nitrate legislation.
215
1934 Jan. 8 (2) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Comment of a representative of U. S. interests with regard to the nitrate bill as finally approved by the Chilean Congress.
216

COLOMBIA

Unperfected Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Colombia Signed December 15, 1933

[Page XXIV][Page XXV][Page XXVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 12 (63) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that suggestion was made to Colombian Minister, Fabio Lozano, for U. S.-Colombian exploratory conversations with regard to the eventual negotiation of a reciprocal trade agreement; instructions to bring matter informally to the attention of the Foreign Minister and report on his comments.
217
July 13 (61) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s willingness to negotiate a trade agreement.
217
July 17 (64) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
President Olaya’s promise of complete cooperation in proposed treaty negotiation; his desire to send technical advisers to assist Colombian Minister, and inquiry as to the time set for beginning the conversations.
218
July 20 (65) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Department will be ready to begin conversations by the time Colombian technical advisers arrive.
218
July 21 (66) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Olaya’s request for a memorandum outlining general points to be discussed in conversations in order that expert advisers may be appointed.
218
July 22 (66) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that experts should be prepared to discuss customs reductions which could be accorded by Colombia to American products in return for U. S. commitments to keep leading Colombian products on the free list.
218
July 26 (5741) From the Chargé in Colombia
President Olaya’s decision to hold meetings with the Finance and Public Credit Ministers and the Foreign Minister in order to determine what preferential treatment Colombia would be prepared to grant to U. S. products; Olaya’s desire to avoid necessity of submission of the proposed agreement to the Colombian Congress for ratification.
219
Aug. 2 (69) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Pomponio Guzman, former Finance Minister, and an official of the Finance Ministry not yet designated, will assist Lozano and will arrive in Washington in about two weeks.
220
Aug. 14 (73) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that Lozano has been authorized to enter into exploratory conversations pending arrival of the advisers.
220
Aug. 15 (5776) From the Chargé in Colombia
Report and comments on a petition submitted on August 8 to Olaya and the Finance and Public Credit Ministers by the National Federation of Industrialists, indicating concern of Colombian manufacturers lest proposed trade agreement affect them adversely.
221
Aug. 19 (74) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Francisco Restrepo Plata and Arturo Hernández, members of the Supreme Customs Tribunal, are being appointed advisers in lieu of Guzman and will leave shortly.
222
Aug. 22 Statement by the Acting Secretary of State Issued to the Press
Announcement that preliminary informal conversations concerning a trade agreement have been initiated with the Colombian Minister.
222
Aug. 22 Memorandum Handed to the Colombian Minister by the Assistant Secretary of State, August 22, 1933
Draft of reciprocal trade agreement (text printed) designed to serve as basis for future agreement; explanation of trade figures with regard to schedules attached to the agreement.
222
Aug. 25 (76) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Miguel Lopez Pumarejo, New York representative of the National Federation of Coffee Growers, is being appointed additional adviser, and that other experts will arrive in New York September 5.
225
Aug. 28 Memorandum by the Colombian Minister
Colombian desire that treaty will not prejudice its incipient economic system; comment on U. S. figures submitted to Colombia.
226
Aug. 28 (5816) From the Chargé in Colombia
Comments by President Olaya on Department’s memorandum of August 22 and attached draft trade agreement.
227
Undated Memorandum Left at the Department of State by the Colombian Minister, September 2, 1933
Suggestions and comments pertaining to the schedules of trade figures submitted by the United States to the Colombian Government with the draft trade agreement on August 22; Colombian counterdraft of trade agreement (text printed).
228
Sept. 5 (5832) From the Chargé in Colombia
President Olaya’s viewpoint with regard to the possibility of reducing Colombian import duties on the list of articles contained in schedule 1 annexed to the U. S. draft agreement.
234
Undated American Redraft of the Reciprocal Trade Agreement Handed to the Colombian Minister by the Assistant Secretary of State, October 26, 1933
Text of proposed trade agreement between the United States and Colombia.
235
Nov. 2 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Treaty Division
Detailed account of the first meeting of U. S. and Colombian experts for the purpose of negotiating a reciprocal trade agreement.
238
Undated Draft of Article IV Submitted by the Colombian Representatives, November 17, 1933
Draft text of article IV, regarding tax exemption on imported articles and imposition of rates and charges for transportation.
241
Nov. 20 (76) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Request for information concerning the law by which Colombian municipal or departmental taxes are levied, and with regard to the highest taxes now imposed on general classes of goods as set forth in schedules 1 and 2.
242
Nov. 22 (77) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to inform appropriate Colombian authorities and American petroleum interests of the order of the Secretary of the Interior dated September 28 with regard to the limitation of petroleum imports into the United States.
243
Nov. 23 (95) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information concerning Colombian municipal import taxes requested in telegram No. 76, November 20.
243
Nov. 24 (5971) From the Chargé in Colombia
Report of conversation with Acting Foreign Minister Carreno and H. A. Metzger, executive representative of the Tropical Oil Company and the Andian National Corporation, concerning the nature of the order by the Secretary of the Interior restricting petroleum imports into the United States.
244
Nov. 28 (5980) From the Chargé in Colombia
Explanation that oil companies in Colombia are interested in obtaining a reduction of American tariff rates on petroleum in connection with proposed new trade agreement, rather than an increase in import quota.
245
Dec. 4 To President Roosevelt
Transmittal of proposed draft trade agreement with Colombia with recommendation that it would be advantageous to United States to sign; request for approval.
(Footnote: President’s approval, December 6.)
246
Dec. 15 Joint Statement by the A ding Secretary of State and the Colombian Minister, Issued to the Press
Announcement that the Acting Secretary of State and the Colombian Minister have signed a reciprocal trade agreement, and explanation of provisions of agreement.
248
Dec. 15 Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Colombia
Text of agreement, signed at Washington.
(Footnote: Information that agreement never came into force, but was replaced by a new agreement signed September 13, 1935.)
249

Representations to the President of Colombia Against Bills for the Suspension of Debt Service on External Obligations of the Government of Colombia

[Page XXVII][Page XXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 12 (55) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to discuss with President Olaya the possibility of Colombia’s continuing full cash interest payments on the National Government funded debt and guaranteed agricultural mortgage bonds, which payments were suspended in April owing to military expenditures.
254
June 19 (58) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Discussion with President Olaya of Colombian financial situation; advice that Olaya is considering refunding entire foreign debt and has mentioned the possibility of using proposed American semiofficial bondholders’ committee in refunding operations; inquiry with regard to present status of committee.
255
June 21 (5668) From the Chargé in Colombia
Advice concerning the Colombian Government’s plan with regard to the issuance of interest-bearing scrip during the current year for payment of interest on its external funded debt; further remarks by Olaya regarding possible refunding operations.
256
June 24 (565) To the Chargé in Colombia
Information with regard to the present status of the proposed American semiofficial bondholders’ committee.
256
June 26 (5682) From the Chargé in Colombia
Information regarding Colombian Government’s announcement of plan to be followed in connection with payment of interest on its external funded debt.
257
Oct. 28 (84) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that a bill providing for suspension of debt service is under consideration in the Colombian legislature.
(Footnote: Information that House passed bill providing for suspension of service on external funded debt but not on short-term banking loan.)
257
Oct. 31 (73) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to express to President Olaya Department’s viewpoint with regard to passage of the bill providing for suspension of debt service; information concerning White House announcement of a project for the formation of a central bondholders’ organization.
258
Nov. 5 (86) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Olaya’s opposition to suspension of foreign debt service either by legislation or by failure to include necessary appropriations in the budget; his opinion that bill will be either defeated or amended in the Senate.
259
Nov. 11 (88) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Report of developments in Colombian House of Representatives and Senate with regard to appropriation for debt service in the legislative budget; advice that debt service suspension bill proper appears to have been shelved in the Senate; information with regard to a proposed bill providing for the discharge of obligations in foreign currency.
259
Nov. 13 (89) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information concerning further provisions and progress of the bill pertaining to foreign currency obligations.
260
Nov. 13 (75) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Hope that President Olaya will use his influence to have appropriation for foreign debt service restored in the budget bill, and inquiry as to probable final passage of bill; hope also that Olaya will oppose currency bill referred to in telegram No. 88, November 11.
260
Nov. 14 (90) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Successful efforts of President Olaya and Finance Minister in securing partial restoration by the Senate of foreign debt service items in the budget. Intention to see Olaya with regard to budget and debt bill.
260
Nov. 16 (91) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Extension of Congressional sessions to November 21 by Executive decree; information that House has begun debate on the debt bill; Olaya’s unwillingness to discuss matter.
261
Nov. 20 (92) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that debt bill passed House in third debate with amendments making reconsideration by the Senate necessary.
(Footnote: Information that Senate passed bill as amended by the House before adjournment of Congress on November 21.)
261
Nov. 23 (78) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that New York Times article reports a provision in debt bill relating to payment of duties in gold; request for information regarding the provision.
262
Nov. 23 (94) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that New York Times report is a complete misinterpretation of certain provisions of the debt bill, since the bill does not affect payment of duties.
262
Nov. 23 (96) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Article 2 (text printed) of the debt bill, relating to foreign currency obligations and obligations contracted in Colombian gold coin; report that both the United Fruit Company and the National City Bank desire Legation’s assistance in efforts to obtain Olaya’s veto of the bill; advice of informal discussions of bill with Foreign Minister and inquiry as to what further steps Department wishes to take.
262
Nov. 25 (79) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to obtain Olaya’s veto of article 2 of the debt bill and also his veto of the budget bill, since the latter fails to include any appropriation for funded debt services.
263
Nov. 30 (100) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Information that President Olaya intends to sign the debt bill, pointing out at the same time the advisability of amending the act at the next session of Congress.
264
Dec. 5 (9) From the Minister in Colombia
Information that President Olaya signed the debt bill on November 30 and afterwards sent a message to the President of the Senate concerning proposal to amend law at next session of Congress; information concerning plan of commercial banks and other companies to take action in the Colombian courts against the debt law, particularly in regard to the apparent unconstitutionality of article 2.
264

COSTA RICA

Informal Suggestions of the United States With Respect to the Canal Provisions of the Proposed Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Between Costa Rica and Italy

[Page XXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1932 Mar. 15 (174) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Authorization to make informal and oral suggestions to Costa Rican officials, if deemed desirable, concerning provisions of article 20 of proposed treaty between Costa Rica and Italy which might conceivably interfere with future negotiations between the United States and Costa Rica with regard to the projected Nicaragua Canal.
266
Mar. 29 (836) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Opinion that, since in all probability no treaties of commerce, navigation, and consular rights will be entered into by the new regime shortly to assume office, no U. S. representations would be necessary at this time.
267
1933 Jan. 5 (1256) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Information that a temporary customs agreement has been signed between Costa Rica and Italy granting most-favored-nation customs privileges to the two countries.
267
June 8 (1485) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Foreign Minister’s advice that Costa Rican treaty with Italy is to be signed soon; his opinion that possible elimination of article 20 as suggested by United States could appropriately be considered at the end of 5 years, when the treaty will come up for renewal or replacement.
(Footnote: Information that treaty was signed on June 14.)
268

CUBA

Revolution in Cuba—Efforts of the United States To Aid in Restoring Political Peace

i. increasing opposition to president machado and overthrow of his government

[Page XXX][Page XXXI][Page XXXII][Page XXXIII][Page XXXIV][Page XXXV][Page XXXVI][Page XXXVII][Page XXXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 5 (1) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Informal U. S. representations with respect to treatment of political prisoners.
270
Jan. 9 (3) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with President Machado, who promised that in future the lives of prisoners would be respected.
271
Jan. 10 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Cuban Chargé concerning disturbances in Cuba and repressive measures of Cuban Government.
271
Feb. 28 (1532) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Report of further disturbances indicative of the state of unrest prevailing in Cuba.
272
Mar. 9 (15) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that the various groups of Cuban oppositionists in Miami are completing plans for the formation of one united committee of the opposition, and that negotiations are now being carried on to include in this committee representatives of both the ABC and students in Habana.
274
Apr. 8 (1574) From the Chargé in Cuba
Further report of killings, arrests, and bomb explosions occurring in Habana and Santa Clara.
274
Apr. 15 (1582) From the Chargé in Cuba
Occurrence of numerous bomb explosions in different parts of Habana; report of the shooting by police of two brothers named Valdez.
275
Apr. 17 (1583) From the Chargé in Cuba
Further details concerning the shooting of the Valdez brothers.
276
Apr. 20 (20) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Desire of President Roosevelt to appoint Sumner Welles as U. S. Ambassador to Cuba; instructions to ascertain whether appointment would be agreeable to the Cuban Government.
277
Apr. 20 (34) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Information that the appointment of Mr. Welles is agreeable to the Cuban Government.
278
Undated Statement by Mr. Sumner Welles, Assistant Secretary of State
Acceptance of the position of U. S. Ambassador to Cuba.
278
May 1 (1) To the Appointed Ambassador in Cuba
Background information and instructions for representations to President Machado concerning U. S. desire to offer its friendly mediatory services between President Machado and opposition elements for a political truce and ultimate election of a constitutional government; instructions also to discuss economic situation, including U. S. desire to consider the bases for a U. S.-Cuban reciprocal trade agreement.
279
May 6 (44) To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
For Caffery from Under Secretary of State Phillips: Request that Mr. Caffery fill the vacancy of Assistant Secretary of State with a view to becoming Ambassador to Cuba upon the termination of Mr. Welles’ period of Ambassadorship there.
286
May 7 (48) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
For Phillips from Caffery: Acceptance of arrangement referred to in telegram No. 44, May 6.
286
May 8 (38) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Ambassador Welles has arrived in Habana.
286
May 11 (39) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that letter of credence has been presented.
287
May 13 (43) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of conversations with the Secretary of State and President Machado during which representations were made in accordance with instruction No. 1, May 1; Ambassador’s suggestions as to the future policy to be pursued in Cuba.
287
May 13 (44) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Request that Cuban Ambassador be informed that, following conclusion of a general discussion of economic questions in Washington, the American Ambassador in Cuba will be authorized to enter into a preliminary and tentative consideration of the bases for a reciprocal trade agreement between the United States and Cuba.
290
May 16 (46) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Intention to commence informal conversations shortly covering possible bases for future negotiation of a commercial agreement.
291
May 22 (53) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President: Press reports that the President intends to make a statement regarding the situation in Cuba; suggestion that statement will be more beneficial at a later date, in view of current representations being made to obtain the cooperation of opposition leaders.
292
May 22 (55) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning representations made to the Secretary of State resulting in promise of an official investigation with regard to atrocity committed by a detachment of the Guardia Rural, commanded by Major Ortiz, upon three employees of the American-owned Cuba Co.
292
May 25 (58) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Informal conferences with the Secretaries of State, Treasury, and Agriculture regarding the concessions which the Cuban Government would be willing to make to the United States in a reciprocal trade agreement.
293
May 25 (60) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that official investigation of the atrocity referred to in telegram No. 55, May 22, has confirmed the facts as reported; President Machado’s assurance that Ortiz would be punished.
294
May 25 (61) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of conference with Dr. de la Torriente, prominent member of the group of opposition leaders, during which the possibility of a solution of the Cuban political problem was discussed in general terms; advice of tentative understanding reached among other opposition leaders.
295
May 29 (65) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice of the appointment of General Alberto Herrera as Secretary of State ad interim in the absence of Ferrara.
296
May 29 (66) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Receipt of assurances from both President Machado and opposition representative that mediation by U. S. Ambassador is desired; plans for discussion of general bases of an agreement as soon as cooperation of a sufficient number of opposition groups is assured.
296
June 2 (68) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Discussion with President Machado regarding plans for reopening the university; his request for the services of an American expert to study the plans and to draw up a new charter for the university, making it an independent organization instead of government-controlled.
298
June 2 (69) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with President Machado during which Ambassador’s friendly and unofficial mediation was offered between political groups supporting the present Cuban administration and those factions opposing it; Ambassador’s suggestions as to reformation of the Cuban electoral code and constitution.
299
June 6 (70) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
President Machado’s request that Howard Lee McBain, Dean of Graduate Faculties of Columbia University, be extended an official invitation to come to Cuba to formulate recommendations for amendments to the electoral code and to undertake the drafting of a charter for an independent university.
(Footnote: Arrival of Professor McBain in Habana June 30.)
301
June 6 (72) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with President Machado, during which it was suggested that he make a public statement of his decision to adopt a policy of conciliation, based upon constitutional reform and restoration of the position of Vice President.
302
June 8 (74) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Suggestion as to importance of making official announcement as soon as possible of proposed negotiations for revision of U. S.-Cuban commercial convention.
304
June 8 (75) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Summary of President Machado’s official declaration of a policy of conciliation and political reform.
305
June 8 (41) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization to proceed with negotiations for revision of the commercial treaty with Cuba, and information that Department will make a public announcement concerning these instructions.
306
June 10 (79) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of Dr. de la Torriente’s statement, in which he expressed desire that Ambassador Welles’ mediation be accepted by opposition groups; information that Dr. de la Torriente has succeeded in uniting a group comprising outstanding members of all the opposition groups.
306
June 14 (82) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further information concerning efforts being made to obtain the cooperation of General Menocal and members of the New York junta.
307
June 16 (85) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that a written memorandum was handed Ambassador Welles by the directors of the ABC accepting his friendly mediation between the Cuban Government and the opposition factions.
308
June 16 (86) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that formal acceptance of mediation has been received from the directors of the OCRR and from the organization composed of the high-school professors; advice that General Menocal’s acceptance is conditional upon whatever action may be taken by the New York junta.
309
June 20 (4) To President Roosevelt, at Sea (tel.)
Welles’ belief that a message from President Roosevelt delivered at the outset of proposed discussions between Cuban political groups would be most beneficial; suggested draft (text printed) for such message to Welles.
310
June 21 (49) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization for suggested message by President Roosevelt (text printed).
311
June 21 (90) From the Ambassador in Cube (tel.)
University delegates’ formal acceptance of Ambassador Welles’ tender of good offices.
311
June 22 (91) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Interview with President Machado, wherein he was advised of the conversations held with representatives of the opposition factions; information that Machado will select three delegates to represent the Government in the mediation negotiations.
313
June 23 (94) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that certain of the opposition factions will publish in the United States declarations of the reasons which have caused them to accept the Ambassador’s tender of good offices; request that Department issue no opinion regarding such declarations.
314
June 26 (97) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that University Students’ Council is planning to propose the inclusion of representatives of two Latin American Republics in the mediation proceedings; attitude concerning proposal.
315
June 30 (101) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Appointment of delegates by President Machado and the opposition factions; information that formal mediation proceedings will commence July 1.
316
July 1 (103) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that formal proceedings have begun and plans have been made for further meetings between the delegates.
317
July 7 (54) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Inquiry as to how much longer the Ambassador feels he should remain in Habana.
317
July 7 (106) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of progress in mediation negotiations; information concerning reestablishment of normal constitutional guarantees in the province of Habana.
318
July 8 (107) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Opinion as to probable length of time it will be necessary to remain in Cuba; information that final negotiations for commercial treaty will soon begin.
319
July 12 (109) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning explosion of bomb near American Club without serious damage, and condemnation of act by all opposition delegates.
320
July 12 (110) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further report of mediation proceedings; President Machado’s efforts to expedite negotiations by appointing representatives of political party committees to participate in proceedings; advice that Professor McBain is proceeding rapidly with the formulation of his recommendations for revision of the electoral code.
320
July 17 (112) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that President Machado has decreed the abolition of press censorship; opinion that the reestablishment of full constitutional guarantees can only be obtained through the immediate passage of a general amnesty bill.
322
July 17 From the Ambassador in Cuba to President Roosevelt
Request for specific authorization to urge President Machado’s acceptance of suggestion that, after a Vice President satisfactory to all parties has been selected and has taken office, he resign and allow the Vice President to assume control until the election of a new constitutional government in November 1934.
323
July 19 (113) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Request for authorization to inform President Machado that unless constitutional guarantees are restored immediately, mediation negotiations will be discontinued.
325
July 19 (58) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization to take proposed action to secure restoration of constitutional guarantees in Habana.
327
July 26 (115) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Passage of the general amnesty bill, and intention of President Machado to promulgate it on July 26, and simultaneously to proclaim the reestablishment of constitutional guarantees. Intention, upon the reestablishment of constitutional guarantees, to call the first meeting of the Mixed Commission, composed of representatives of the government and the opposition, to consider permanent constitutional reforms and transitory reforms for solution of existing political situation.
327
July 26 (117) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that amnesty bill and decree reestablishing constitutional guarantees have been promulgated; President Machado’s assurance that he will not oppose measure with regard to transitory reforms once an agreement has been reached by opposition leaders.
328
July 27 (119) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Speeches by President Machado before the Cuban Senate and House, in which he said that Ambassador Welles’ mediation had not been undertaken upon the instruction of the U. S. Government; suggestion that it would be helpful if the Department, at an appropriate opportunity, would correct this misstatement.
330
July 27 (120) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning first meeting of the Mixed Commission composed of opposition delegates and delegates of the three political parties.
331
Aug. 2 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Explanation to Cuban Ambassador with regard to press reports of Ambassador Welles’ announcement that there would be no progress in commercial treaty negotiations until the political conferences had reached a satisfactory conclusion.
331
Aug. 2 (121) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Professor McBain has handed his completed report for electoral reform to President Machado, who has requested that confidential approval of opposition leaders be obtained before he sends the report to the Cuban Congress.
332
Aug. 2 (122) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Interview with President Machado concerning recent political disturbances; views of Machado and of the Speaker of the House of Representatives concerning proposed temporary reform measures.
332
Aug. 4 (125) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that delegates of the Liberal Party suggested suspension of mediation negotiations in view of serious situation of unrest in Cuba, but withdrew request upon Ambassador’s emphatic assurances as to ill effects of such action.
334
Aug. 5 (126) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further advice concerning attitude of Liberal Party toward mediation negotiations. Progress of Mixed Commission in agreeing on permanent constitutional reforms.
334
Aug. 7 (128) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Request for reply to Ambassador’s inquiry in his letter of July 17 to President Roosevelt.
336
Aug. 7 (129) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that a general strike of Cuban workers has spread throughout the Republic; suggestion to President Machado of measures for political reform for solution of the problem, involving his request for a leave of absence and replacement by a newly appointed, impartial Secretary of State.
336
Aug. 7 (131) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that President Machado has not yet reached a decision on his course of action; advice that meetings of members of Congress of both the Liberal and Conservative Parties are in session in order to determine what action may be taken.
338
Aug. 7 (64) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that President Roosevelt approves of suggested measures for solution of the Cuban political crisis referred to in telegram No. 129, August 7.
338
Aug. 7 (132) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Opinion that it would be helpful if the Cuban Ambassador in Washington were to be informed of President Roosevelt’s approval of proposed solution for present crisis in Cuba.
338
Aug. 8 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Conversation with Cuban Ambassador, who said that he had been informed by President Machado that the strike had been called off, and, further, that President Machado would not accept the plan for substitution of the Secretary of State and ultimate election of a Vice President.
339
Aug. 8 (133) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For President Roosevelt: Information that President Machado has told members of Congress that solution proposed by Ambassador Welles had not been approved by President Roosevelt; request that Cuban Ambassador be informed that Ambassador Welles is acting with fullest authorization and approval.
339
Aug. 8 (134) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
President Machado’s refusal to accept two of five points of proposed solution of Cuban political problem, but willingness to consider formulation of a counterproposal. Recommendations for policy to be followed by United States in event of President Machado’s continued refusal to accept a reasonable solution, and request that these recommendations be submitted for President Roosevelt’s approval.
340
Aug. 9 (135) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Summary of chief points of recommendations of policy, based on President Machado’s withdrawal from office and ultimate holding of free constitutional elections.
344
Aug. 9 (137) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Spanish Ambassador’s complaint with regard to Cuban treatment of Spanish citizens; information from British Minister concerning damage done to British property in Cuba.
345
Aug. 9 (138) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the Under Secretary: Information concerning a plan to assassinate Ambassador Welles if President Machado is forced to resign, in order to provoke American intervention.
345
Aug. 9 (139) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Possibility that a resolution will be adopted by the Cuban House of Representatives attacking Ambassador Welles’ course as mediator in the Cuban dispute; opinion as to importance of making clear to President Machado U. S. determination to comply with its treaty obligations.
346
Aug. 9 (66) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Account of President Roosevelt’s conversation with the Cuban Ambassador, wherein the President suggested a means whereby Machado might be persuaded to resign as of his own initiative.
347
Aug. 9 (141) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Popular Party’s official resolution accepting Ambassador Welles’ proposed solution of the Cuban problem.
348
Aug. 10 (142) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that President Machado and Secretary of State Ferrara have succeeded in forcing the executive committee of the Liberal Party to pass a resolution rejecting the Ambassador’s proposed solution.
349
Aug. 10 (165) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Conversation with Foreign Minister, wherein he proposed that the United States act in cooperation with other Latin American countries in bringing about the Cuban President’s resignation and an end to the Cuban revolution.
350
Aug. 10 (144) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President: Appreciation of President Roosevelt’s support of actions as mediator, as indicated in his conversation with the Cuban Ambassador.
351
Aug. 10 (145) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with Secretary of State Ferrara, who was advised of the substance of President Roosevelt’s discussion with the Cuban Ambassador, and was told that no arrangements could be reached which had as a basis the continuance of the Machado administration.
351
Aug. 10 (69) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation of Secretary and Under Secretary of State with the Cuban Ambassador, who requested that President Roosevelt be advised of his proposal that Ambassador Welles be asked to return to Washington for consultation; President Roosevelt’s reply (text printed) that he was not disposed to take such action and that it was now up to President Machado to act on the suggestions submitted to him.
352
Aug. 11 (147) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information with regard to Conservative Party’s official resolution accepting the mediation negotiations and Ambassador Welles’ proposed solution of the political problem.
353
Aug. 11 (70) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Comments on criticisms which have been made both in the United States and Latin America regarding U. S. mediation in the Cuban crisis, and importance of stressing fact that the Ambassador is making a friendly effort to assist the Cubans to solve their own problems.
354
Aug. 11 (149) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Suggestion, agreed to by all factions, to be made to President Machado that if he will not accept the two points of the solution submitted to him, he offer as a counterproposal to appoint General Herrera as acting head of the government to hold office until a Vice President is inaugurated.
355
Aug. 11 (150) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that President Machado intends to submit a counterproposal to the mediator, and, if this proposal is found unacceptable, to request a leave of absence, turning over the government to General Herrera.
356
Aug. 12 (151) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information with regard to threatened revolts in divers portions of the Cuban Army, and insistence upon the immediate resignation of Machado.
358
Aug. 12 (152) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that President Machado has sent a message to Congress requesting leave of absence; that General Herrera has accepted the ad interim Presidency but will immediately appoint Dr. Céspedes as Secretary of State and entrust the Presidency to him.
358
Aug. 12 (73) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From Under Secretary of State Caffery: Congratulatory message from President Roosevelt and the Secretary of State.
360
Aug. 13 From the Consul at Nassau (tel.)
Arrival of ex-President Machado at Nassau.
360
Aug. 13 (154) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For Caffery: Appreciation of the Secretary’s message as transmitted in telegram No. 73, August 12.
360
Aug. 13 (155) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President: Appreciation of message transmitted in telegram No. 73, August 12; views regarding financial needs of the new Cuban Government.
360

ii. government of president céspedes and army revolt led by sergeant batista

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Date and number Subject Page
1933 Aug. 13 (156) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Dr. Céspedes has formally taken the oath of office as President ad interim of Cuba; request for authorization to announce that American Embassy has established official relations with the new government.
361
Aug. 13 (157) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Request that facilities for disembarkation at Key West be provided for members of Machado’s family in view of the emergency nature of their departure from Habana.
362
Aug. 14 (158) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of the arrival at Habana of the U. S. ships Taylor and Claxton; belief that no men need be landed from the ships since the situation in Habana is now well in hand.
363
Aug. 14 (159) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Céspedes has announced the formation of his Cabinet; views as to the desirability of the retention of the existing Congress until the elections of 1934.
363
Aug. 15 (162) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Suggestion for two declarations (texts printed) to allay public feeling concerning questions of punishment of and continuance in office of officials of the Machado government; views as to necessity for restoration of discipline in the Cuban Army.
365
Aug. 19 (172) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the Under Secretary: Opinion that it would appear advisable for Ambassador Welles to return to the Department, to be replaced by Mr. Caffery, by approximately September 1, provided no further political disturbances occur; request for instructions to continue commercial treaty negotiations and to initiate measures to relieve Cuban financial situation.
367
Aug. 21 (77) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From the Under Secretary: President Roosevelt’s belief that Ambassador Welles should remain in Cuba until September 15.
369
Aug. 22 (180) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning attempts to transform the present provisional Cuban government into a purely revolutionary de facto government.
369
Aug. 23 (181) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that the appointment of Caffery as Welles’ successor would be acceptable to the Cuban government.
371
Aug. 24 (184) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Opinion that the present government of Cuba cannot govern as a constitutional government for the remainder of the term for which Machado had been elected; suggestion that government’s program be modified in order that general elections may be held in approximately 3 months.
371
Aug. 25 (185) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
President Céspedes’ decree (text printed) declaring Machado’s second term of office unconstitutional and calling for general elections to be held on February 24, 1934.
373
Aug. 27 From the Consul at Nassau (tel.)
Advice that Machado and party have left Nassau for Montreal.
376
Aug. 30 (186) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Fears expressed by American businessmen in Cuba with regard to Cuban social and labor unrest; views concerning necessity for the determination by the United States of a fair sugar quota for Cuba and U. S. assistance in the formulation of other financing and economic recommendations.
376
Aug. 30 (187) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Opinion that changes made in the offices of Secretary of War and Marine and Army Chief of Staff hold the promise of an immediate improvement in the discipline of the Cuban Army.
378
Sept. 5 (191) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that soldiers in the garrisons of Habana have deposed all officers and have declared themselves in control of the Army; recommendation that two U. S. warships be sent to Habana and one to Santiago.
379
Undated Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba, September 5, 1933, 8:10 a.m.
Ambassador Welles’ advice that a revolutionary government has been set up in Cuba, that all military officers have been removed, and that a sergeant named Batista has been installed as Chief of Staff; request that a U. S. battle cruiser be sent to Habana at once.
380
Sept. 5 (192) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further information concerning the proclamation of a so-called revolutionary government in Cuba and creation of an Executive Committee of Five; intention to avoid necessity of armed intervention by the United States as far as possible, and suggestion that situation be explained fully to Latin American representatives.
381
Sept. 5 (193) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of conversation with Sergeants Batista and Santana, who inquired with regard to the Ambassador’s attitude and that of his Government toward the revolutionary government of Cuba.
383
Sept. 5 (194) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with the Secretary of War, who said that an attempted compromise between the Céspedes government and the revolutionary government has failed.
383
Sept. 5 (195) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that the Céspedes Cabinet has resigned and that a committee of five members of the revolutionary group has taken possession of the Palace as the executive power of Cuba; report on conference with certain Cuban political leaders.
384
Undated Memorandum of Telephone Conversations Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba on September 5, 1933, 5:30 p.m., and Between the Assistant Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba, 6:15 p.m.
Ambassador’s report of conferences with Cuban political leaders, who are of the opinion that a certain number of troops should be landed from American ships until a government can be restored in Cuba.
385
Undated Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba, September 5, 1933, 7 p.m.
Discussion as to the advisability of having American troops sent ashore in Habana.
386
Sept. 5 (199) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of meeting with Cuban political leaders, wherein it was agreed that a government of concentration composed of the chiefs of all of the political groups should be installed in Cuba.
387
Undated Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba, September 6, 1933, 10 a.m.
Secretary’s opinions with regard to question of U. S. intervention in the Cuban revolution.
389
Sept. 6 (202) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of meeting with political leaders, wherein Ambassador expressed his objection to the proposal for a concentration government, which depended on U. S. assistance in maintaining order; advice that political and ABC leaders have agreed to lend support to the revolutionary government provided public order is maintained.
390
Sept. 6 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Individual conversations with diplomatic representatives of 10 Latin American Republics, during which the U. S. role in the Cuban situation was explained.
392
Sept. 6 (23) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President Ubico’s views with regard to American intervention in the Cuban revolution.
393
Sept. 6 (178) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican Government’s favorable attitude toward new Cuban government and opposition to U. S. intervention in Cuba.
394
Sept. 7 From the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Information with regard to four members of the Executive Commission of the new government of Cuba, indicating that they are not Communists.
394
Sept. 7 To the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Assurance with regard to U. S. nonintention of intervening in Cuba.
395
Sept. 7 (206) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of plan advanced by Dr. Ferrer, Secretary of War in the Céspedes Cabinet, to reestablish the Céspedes government as the legitimate government of Cuba, and his inquiry as to probable U. S. attitude toward a request by the Cuban government for the landing of American troops to assist in maintaining order; Ambassador’s observations and request for instructions.
396
Sept. 7 From the Cuban Embassy
Memorandum of conversation in which the Cuban Ambassador advised Assistant Secretary of State Caffery of the non-Communist, patriotic nature of the new Cuban government and of the intention of the Executive Commission to form a strong coalition Cabinet.
399
Sept. 7 (208) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning Student Council’s intention to arrest certain political leaders; further advice with regard to ABC participation in Dr. Ferrer’s plan to reestablish the Céspedes government.
400
Sept. 7 (209) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information from the Secretary of Public Instruction in the Céspedes Cabinet that Sergeant Batista has requested an interview with President Céspedes in order to inform him that the Cuban Army wishes to place itself at his disposal.
400
Sept. 7 (180) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice concerning an endeavor to secure the cooperation of certain South American countries to bring influence to bear on the present Cuban government for the maintenance of order and protection of foreign interests in Cuba.
401
Sept. 7 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the French Ambassador, who made inquiry about conditions in Cuba and said he had been informed that a French national had been killed by disorderly forces at Santiago.
401
Sept. 7 (90) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Communication of a message from President Roosevelt (text printed) with regard to the U. S. policy of strict neutrality in the Cuban revolution.
402
Sept. 7 (210) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice regarding a meeting to be held by the leaders of all Cuban political groups, during which the revolutionary group will turn over the government and Céspedes will be restored as President.
403
Sept. 8 (212) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that meeting of political leaders appears to have degenerated into a fruitless prolonged argument.
403
Sept. 8 (214) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President: Views with regard to the necessity of having the U. S. destroyer Richmond anchored in Habana harbor as a precautionary measure against possible disturbances in the city which might endanger American lives.
403
Sept. 8 (36) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
President Trujillo’s desire to assure the U. S. Government of his readiness to cooperate in any way with regard to the Cuban situation.
404
Sept. 8 (216) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President and the Secretary: Summary of the present Cuban situation and considerations as to U. S. policy in event of reinstatement of Céspedes as President of Cuba.
405
Sept. 8 (217) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that the Hotel Nacional in Habana has been decided upon by Cuban Army officers as headquarters; possibility, in event of an attack by the soldiers, of danger to American residents of the hotel.
407
Sept. 8 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Dr. Marquez Sterling, in charge of the Cuban Embassy, who made inquiry regarding reported U. S. intention of disembarking marines at Habana, and with regard to U. S. attitude toward proposed formation of a concentration government in Cuba.
407
Sept. 8 From the Argentine Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Argentine Government’s approval of the principles and ideals through which the United States is attempting to solve the Cuban crisis.
409
Sept. 8 Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between President Roosevelt, the Secretary of State, and the Ambassador in Cuba
Ambassador Welles’ advice concerning the departure of approximately half the officers in the National Hotel and of all the soldiers surrounding the hotel; President Roosevelt’s authorization for the issuance of a statement by Ambassador Welles with regard to the qustion of U. S. recognition of the present Cuban government.
410
Sept. 9 (220) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Resignation of two members of Cuban revolutionary group owing to Batista’s appointment as Colonel and permanent Chief of Staff of the Army.
410
Sept. 9 (221) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Disturbances in and about the National Hotel, arising from attempts by a detachment of soldiers to conduct a search of the hotel for arms.
411
Undated Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Mexico, September 9, 1988, 1 p.m.
Secretary’s hope that Mexican Government will continue its efforts to encourage the Cubans to build up a government that will be stable and will preserve law and order.
412
Sept. 9 (182) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information with regard to Foreign Minister’s endeavors to assist in securing order in Cuba.
413
Sept. 9 (222) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning Batista’s offer to support Céspedes’ restoration to the Presidency upon certain conditions; further information that meeting of political leaders with members of the revolutionary group has resulted in the determination to restore the presidential form of government in Cuba.
414
Sept. 9 From the Ambassador in Mexico
Opinion with regard to communistic influence in Cuba, and agreement with Secretary’s viewpoint that the whole Cuban crisis revolves around the Army.
414
Sept. 9 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Advice from Mexican Chargé that the Chilean Government has responded to the Mexican proposal to Argentina, Brazil, and Chile that their representatives at Habana urge upon the Cuban de facto authorities the importance of creating a stable government in Cuba.
416

iii. the regime of grau san martín

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Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 10 (224) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Dr. Grau San Martín has been designated Provisional President of the Cuban Republic; Ambassador’s recommendation regarding consultation with Latin American Republics on the question of recognition of the new government.
416
Sept. 10 (228) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Ambassador’s refutation of charge made by the Directorio Estudiantil concerning his alleged inciting of the Army officers to disturb public order, as a pretext for landing of U. S. Marines.
418
Sept. 11 (231) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning an ABC proclamation making plain the organization’s hostility toward the present regime in Habana; condemnation of the regime by other political organizations.
419
Sept. 11 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Brazilian Ambassador, who expressed his Government’s appreciation at being informed of the U. S. viewpoint in regard to the Cuban situation; Brazilian attitude toward the Mexican proposal to the ABC countries for representations at Habana.
420
Sept. 11 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Chilean Chargé who expressed his Government’s appreciation for information as to the U. S. viewpoint in regard to the Cuban crisis; Chilean Government’s approval of Mexican proposal with the added suggestion that every Latin American country be included.
421
Sept. 11 (24) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister orally of U. S. appreciation of Dominican willingness to cooperate in a solution of the Cuban revolution.
421
Sept. 11 To Certain Diplomatic and Consular Missions (cir. tel.)
Instructions regarding the U. S. policy of nonintervention in the Cuban situation.
422
Sept. 11 (233) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that the Cuban political organization, the OCRR, will proclaim its hostility and opposition to the Grau San Martín regime; request that the Secretary issue a statement making plain the U. S. attitude toward recognition of the present government.
422
Sept. 11 (96) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that President Roosevelt has authorized the Secretary to issue a statement (text printed) as requested in telegram No. 233, September 11.
424
Sept. 12 (236) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Unión Nacionalista’s issuance of a statement of opposition to the present Cuban regime; advice with regard to Cabinet appointments by Grau San Martín; views concerning present outlook of Cuban affairs.
425
Sept. 12 (238) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Views with regard to press criticisms of Ambassador’s activities in Cuba, and request for frank expression of opinion from both the President and the Secretary of State as to the advisability of returning to the United States within the next few days. Information that no adjustment of the situation of the Army officers in the National Hotel has been reached.
426
Sept. 13 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with the Mexican Chargé, who said that, as Cuba now appears to have a stable government, his Government was not proceeding with its recent proposal to the ABC Republics; Mexican attitude, and U. S. position, concerning withdrawal of U. S. vessels from Cuban waters.
428
Sept. 13 (246) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Account of the present general political situation in Habana.
431
Sept. 13 (98) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Opinion of the President and the Secretary that the Ambassador should remain at Habana for the present.
432
Sept. 14 (249) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Suggestion that the French Embassy be informed of the advisability of postponing the projected visit to Habana of a French warship.
432
Sept. 14 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the French Ambassador, during which the Secretary pointed out the advisability of postponing the visit of a French ship to Habana.
432
Sept. 14 (100) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice of the Secretary’s conversation with the French Ambassador, and further advice that the Embassy at Paris has been instructed to take the matter up immediately with the Foreign Office.
433
Sept. 14 (167) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Information concerning explanations to Latin American countries of U. S. actions and reasons in dispatching ships to Cuba upon the outbreak of revolution there.
433
Sept. 14 (254) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with Dr. Carlos Saladrigas, Acting Secretary of State in the Céspedes government, who informed the Ambassador that the ABC was cooperating with other parties opposed to the present Cuban government in order to force a national compromise.
435
Sept. 14 (258) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning a proclamation issued by the Grau San Martín government relative to its program.
436
Sept. 14 From the Ambassador in Brazil
Memorandum (text printed) of a conversation with the Foreign Minister concerning Brazil’s attitude with respect to the Cuban political situation and the relations thereto of the United States, Mexico, and Chile.
437
Sept. 15 (409) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
French attitude with regard to despatch boat reportedly under orders to proceed to Habana.
437
Sept. 15 (263) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Plans for conversations between political leaders and representatives of the Grau San Martín regime; report of attempts to obtain the cooperation of members of the Directorio Estudiantil.
438
Sept. 16 (265) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning interview with the full membership of the Directorio Estudiantil.
439
Sept. 16 Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba, September 16, 1933, 10:30 a.m.
Consideration of the general subject of U. S. recognition of the Grau San Martín regime.
439
Sept. 16 (266) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of meeting between political leaders and Grau San Martín; efforts to impress upon members of the Directorio Estudiantil the seriousness of the situation.
440
Sept. 17 (270) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning proposals of political leaders for a new national provisional government and their refusal to support Grau San Martín or any government solely responsible to the Student Council.
442
Sept. 17 (271) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Summary of conversation with Grau San Martín, during which Cuban political situation and question of U. S. recognition were discussed, and suggestion made concerning the formation of a Cuban government of concentration.
443
Sept. 17 (273) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further meeting between Grau San Martín and leaders of the political parties; advice that political party leaders are now in session to determine what action they will take with regard to Grau San Martín.
445
Sept. 18 (275) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that leaders of the political groups have decided not to support Grau San Martín as President of proposed new provisional government.
446
Sept. 18 (277) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that leaders of the political groups have presented their ultimatum to Grau San Martín demanding the resignation of his government; proposed plan for the creation of a nonpartisan government.
448
Sept. 19 (279) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information on revolutionary movement in Camagüey Province; advice that Grau San Martín and the Student Council are in conference drafting their reply to the ultimatum presented by the political leaders.
449
Sept. 20 (285) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that certain Student Council leaders are in conference with Miguel Gómez, for the purpose of having him serve as intermediary between the government and the opposition leaders; information concerning further revolutionary outbreaks in the interior of Cuba.
450
Sept. 21 (289) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Interview with Sergeant Batista during which it was proposed that he exert his influence with both the students and the present regime in order that an acceptable counterproposal might be made to the opposition group’s ultimatum; suggestions for a message to be addressed to the Cuban people by President Roosevelt, urging a common accord.
451
Sept. 22 (291) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that leaders of the student group have agreed to propose a compromise to the opposition leaders; reaction of opposition leaders to proposed compromise. Opinion as to the desirability of the issuance of a message from President Roosevelt to the Cubans to further a speedy agreement by all factions in Cuba.
454
Sept. 22 (294) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that both the Student Council and Grau San Martín have reversed their former conciliatory attitude and have stated that they would agree to no compromise whatever; report on progress of Batista’s efforts to secure students’ acceptance of counterproposal.
455
Sept. 23 (297) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning a proposed interview between Batista and the opposition leaders, which the students insist on attending.
456
Sept. 23 (299) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that it was unanimously decided in a conference between student representatives and leaders of the political parties that a substitute for Grau San Martín should be considered the basis of a compromise.
456
Sept. 25 (304) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President: Ambassador’s conviction that a statement by President Roosevelt would have a decisive effect on the present Cuban political scene.
457
Sept. 25 (307) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Colonel Juan Bias Hernandez, who attempted to lead a revolution in Santa Clara Province recently, has arrived in Habana to make an ostensible peace with the Grau San Martín government.
458
Sept. 25 (308) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that negotiations between the political leaders and representatives of the Grau San Martín regime have definitely broken down; opposition leaders’ determination to hold no further conversations with the students or with Grau San Martín.
459
Sept. 26 (110) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that President Roosevelt thus far has not felt justified in sending another message to the Cuban people.
459
Sept. 27 (311) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning attacks on the present Cuban regime by former adherents. Arrangements for interview with Sergio Carbo, member of Executive Committee of Five.
459
Sept. 28 (112) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From Caffery: Conversation with Dr. Carlos Finlay and Márquez Sterling, Secretaries of Sanitation and State in the Grau San Martín Cabinet, who were advised of U. S. interest in the formation of a stable, representative government in Cuba.
460
Oct. 1 (328) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning an offer made by diplomatic representatives of Uruguay, Chile, and Mexico to mediate between the government and the opposition in the Cuban crisis; Ambassador’s opinion with regard to question of his participation in the mediation effort.
460
Oct. 1 (329) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with Sergio Carbo, who advanced a plan for the creation of a provisional government based on a fusion of various political groups favorable to social reform and with the support and active participation of the Army.
461
Oct. 2 (330) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of fighting between soldiers collected about the National Hotel and the officers quartered in the hotel; suggestion to Dean of the Diplomatic Corps for offer by certain members of the Diplomatic Corps to mediate between the soldiers and the officers.
463
Oct. 2 Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Ambassador in Cuba
Discussion of proposed action by the Diplomatic Corps in Cuba to bring about a peaceful settlement between the officers and the soldiers; advice of conditions which have been proposed to the officers by the Army.
464
Oct. 2 (331) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of meeting of the Diplomatic Corps, at which it was decided to make representations to Grau San Martín for an immediate truce between the officers and the soldiers; information that the officers in the National Hotel have surrendered to the soldiers.
465
Oct. 2 (332) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of a great deal of shooting throughout the city of Habana, and concern over the fact that the soldiers are looting the wine cellars of the National Hotel. Information that a few officers are still in refuge in the National Hotel.
466
Oct. 2 (333) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice from Batista that he has placed a guard around the National Hotel to prevent any further looting by soldiers. Batista’s assurance that the lives of all the officers now in custody will be personally guaranteed by himself.
467
Oct. 3 (335) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning casualties of officers, soldiers, and civilians in Habana; rumors that the Student Council and a portion of the soldiers wish summarily to execute the officers who are now in prison.
467
Oct. 4 (339) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information from the Minister of Paraguay that it is the unanimous opinion of all the Latin American members of the Diplomatic Corps in Cuba that the U. S. policy with respect to the Cuban situation is absolutely right and proper.
468
Oct. 4 (340) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conversation with Batista during which he gave assurances of fair treatment of the imprisoned officers; Ambassador’s inquiry concerning conditions on the sugar plantations; discussion regarding the present Cuban political situation.
469
Oct. 5 (113) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice as to President Roosevelt’s viewpoint with respect to capture of the Cuban officers and toward recognition of Cuba. Information that an informal memorandum was left at the Department by the Cuban representative advising that Grau San Martín intends to make certain Cabinet changes.
472
Oct. 5 (341) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Recommendation with regard to question of U. S. recognition of the existing Cuban government; advice concerning a general assembly of the university students to be held shortly.
473
Oct. 6 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Brazilian Ambassador, who advised that the Brazilian Government desires to act in accord with the United States in the matter of recognition of the Grau San Martín government.
474
Oct. 6 (137) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Information regarding Panamanian recognition of the present Cuban government.
475
Oct. 6 (343) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning full meeting of the Student Directorate wherein majority of the students determined that they would inevitably be forced to get rid of Batista to avoid a military dictatorship.
475
Oct. 6 (344) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning position of other Governments with regard to recognition of the Cuban government.
476
Oct. 6 (345) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Student Council’s desire for an immediate understanding with opposition political groups; Batista’s determination that students must withdraw from all contact with the government and refrain from any interference with the installation of a concentration government.
476
Oct. 7 (347) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conference with Batista wherein he stated his viewpoint with regard to the necessity for a concentration government in Cuba.
477
Oct. 9 (348) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Mendieta, leader of the Unión Nacionalista Party, has been authorized to speak in the name of all the important opposition groups in a forthcoming interview with Batista.
478
Oct. 9 (349) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For Caffery: Report that negotiations have been materially handicapped by Carlos Finlay’s statement to Grau San Martín regarding the prospect of immediate recognition by the United States; request for clarification of alleged commitment made by Caffery to Finlay.
478
Oct. 9 (115) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From Caffery: Denial of having made the alleged commitment reported by Finlay.
479
Oct. 10 (350) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that negotiations for a concentration government are being complicated by Finlay’s reports and by student propaganda against the United States aimed at arousing the Army; decision of principal party leaders to support Mendieta as their spokesman and to urge that he accept the Provisional Presidency.
479
Oct. 10 (351) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Obstacles to the creation of a concentration government; information regarding a proposed super-governmental advisory committee.
480
Oct. 10 (117) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that the Under Secretary at a press conference reiterated the U. S. position with regard to recognition of any Cuban government.
482
Oct. 11 (352) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For Caffery: Advice that statement referred to in telegram No. 117, October 10, has created an extremely beneficial effect in Habana; suggestion that statement be reiterated to Márquez Sterling in order that he may inform his government accordingly.
482
Oct. 11 (118) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From Caffery: Account of conversation with Márquez Sterling, wherein the U. S. position on recognition was made clear.
483
Oct. 11 (354) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information from Spanish Ambassador that he has been instructed by the new Spanish Cabinet to recognize the Grau San Martín government.
483
Oct. 13 (91) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s desire for information with regard to U. S. progress toward recognition of the Cuban government.
483
Oct. 13 (359) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Announcement by the Cuban government of an arrangement with the Mexican Government for the services of a military mission to be used in the training of officers in the present Cuban Army; advice regarding activities of the Mexican Chargé directed toward the lessening of U. S. influence in Cuba.
484
Oct. 13 (360) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Brazilian Chargé’s opinion with regard to stability of the present Cuban government; Ambassador’s request for opinions of Argentine, Brazilian, or Chilean Ambassadors in Washington regarding political conditions in Cuba.
484
Oct. 14 (361) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of conference with Carlos Finlay, during which the desirability of further efforts for conciliation to establish a common accord between all the political parties was discussed.
485
Oct. 14 (364) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For Caffery: Information concerning efforts of present regime to involve the American Embassy in the action taken by the Cuban officers in the National Hotel incident; request that Department issue a press statement making clear the Embassy’s position in the matter.
485
Oct. 15 (120) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From Caffery: Advice that a statement (text printed) as requested in telegram No. 364, October 14, has been released to the press.
487
Oct. 16 (367) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Views and recommendations as to the adoption by the United States of a permanent policy toward Cuba.
487
Oct. 17 (93) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Brazilian Government will await more favorable developments in the Cuban situation before agreeing to any proposal for recognition of the Cuban government.
491
Oct. 18 (370) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that negotiations between Mendieta and Batista will be resumed.
491
Oct. 18 (372) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of dissension between the students and Batista over the former’s decision to remove the present Chief of Police of Habana in order that an individual of their own choice might be appointed.
491
Oct. 19 (378) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Grau San Martín and the civilian elements associated with him have formulated a compromise solution of the Cuban dispute; expectation that proposed solution will be supported by all factions, with the possible exception of the students.
492
Oct. 20 (382) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that a written draft of the compromise solution has been received from Grau San Martín.
493
Oct. 21 (182) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Draft of compromise solution (text printed).
494
Oct. 21 (386) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that compromise solution will be accepted by leaders of the Unión Nacionalista and ABC and by Cuban business and financial interests.
496
Oct. 23 (390) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning an ultimatum to be delivered to Grau San Martín by the Student Directorate with respect to his subservience to Batista; report of crisis within the government.
496
Oct. 23 (391) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that drafts of a provisional constitution and of a program for the provisional government were approved by Grau San Martín and by the Student Directorate.
497
Oct. 24 (392) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that the ABC Radical has broken up into two parts, that the majority group has organized as a political party and has come out in violent opposition to the Grau San Martín government.
498
Oct. 24 (395) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning a private interview between Batista and Colonel Bias Hernandez, to discuss plan for placing Mendieta in the Presidency.
499
Oct. 26 (398) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Mendieta is consulting with his fellow directors of the Unión Nacionalista concerning his proposed cooperation with Batista in solving the existing political situation; increasing weakness of Batista’s position; inability of Grau San Martín Cabinet to agree on plans for a concentration government.
499
Oct. 26 (402) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning agreement reached by delegates of the political parties as to a program for a provisional government under the Presidency of Mendieta.
501
Oct. 27 (406) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Batista is in full accord with the agreement referred to in telegram No. 402, October 26.
501
Oct. 29 (410) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Mendieta has refused to accept the Provisional Presidency; Ambassador’s urging, in conferences with Nationalist and ABC party leaders, of the adoption of the compromise solution referred to in telegram No. 378, October 19.
501
Oct. 29 (411) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report of conference with Gómez concerning the Cuban political crisis.
502
Oct. 29 (413) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Batista’s views with regard to immediate necessity for a change in the Cuban government.
503
Oct. 30 (415) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conference with Mendieta, during which problems arising from student activities, imprisonment of officers, and present conditions within the Army were discussed; Mendieta’s indication of willingness to accept the Provisional Presidency, if request is made by all factions.
504
Oct. 30 (416) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the Under Secretary: Belief that a change in the Cuban government will soon take place, making possible Ambassador’s release from his duties shortly thereafter.
504
Oct. 30 (417) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning meeting held by the University Student Assembly; opposition of the majority of the students to both the government and the Student Directorate.
505
Oct. 31 (419) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning an interview to be held between Mendieta and Batista, during which an attempt will be made to reach an agreement as to solution of the political crisis.
505
Nov. 1 (420) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Mendieta and other political party leaders have agreed definitely upon a program for a new provisional government; position of the Student Directorate; information with regard to decisions reached by Batista for action to replace the present government by a provisional government headed by Mendieta.
506
Nov. 1 (421) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Mendieta has delayed the carrying out of the plan determined upon by Batista and supported by the political leaders in the hope that he can persuade the Student Directorate to agree to it.
506
Nov. 1 (3) From the Ecuadoran Minister
Communication of a resolution (text printed) adopted by the Legislature of Ecuador concerning nonintervention by the United States or by any other state in Cuban internal politics.
507
Nov. 2 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Ecuadoran Minister, who presented a note (supra) communicating the nonintervention resolution with comment that it was not to be regarded as a criticism of U. S. policy toward Cuba.
507
Nov. 2 (422) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Interview with Mendieta and Mendez Peñate, during which the former stated his unwillingness to reach any conclusion as to accepting the Provisional Presidency without at least the tacit acquiescence of the more unruly members of the Student Directorate.
508
Nov. 3 (424) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Difficulty in various negotiations for a provisional government over question of retention of Grau San Martín. Interview with Dr. Gómez, who has been urged by Batista to accept the position of Provisional President.
509
Nov. 4 (426) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that political crisis continues, and that all governmental activities are at a standstill; Student Directorate’s intention of withdrawing from the government; Army’s state of unrest as a result of a false press report regarding U. S. intervention.
511
Nov. 4 (427) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that the Secretary of Gobernación has resigned; further advice concerning university student referendum relating to question of student participation in the government.
512
Nov. 5 (428) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that university student referendum showed a majority opposed to continued student activities in the government; dissolution of the Student Directorate.
513
Nov. 6 (430) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Students’ demands for Welles’ immediate withdrawal from Cuba; preparations in province of Oriente for a revolution against the Habana government; Gómez’ decision to accept the Provisional Presidency.
513
Nov. 6 (431) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the Under Secretary: Ambassador’s views as to the possibilities inherent in the Cuban situation, and his belief that he should remain at his post until some solution has been found for the existing political crisis.
515
Nov. 7 (434) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that letters from various Army officers, alleging responsibility of the American Ambassador for the National Hotel incident, were published in the student paper, Alma Mater.
515
Nov. 7 (436) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further information with regard to the letters published in Alma Mater.
516
Nov. 9 (440) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning Habana rebellion; report that the major part of Santa Clara Province has joined the rebellion and that the entire Province of Matanzas is in arms in support of the movement.
517
Nov. 9 (441) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning government’s intention to hold summary courts martial and execution of all soldiers or police who joined the opposition movement; fear that officers imprisoned since the National Hotel incident may likewise be executed, and communication of the facts to the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps in order that representations may be made in the matter.
517
Nov. 9 (442) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further report on the rebellion movement.
518
Nov. 9 (443) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report that certain elements of the ABC have threatened to destroy foreign property and to attack foreigners.
518
Nov. 9 (445) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning bombardment of Atares Fortress in Habana; report of revolutionary movements in the southern portions of Matanzas and Habana Provinces and in Oriente Province.
519
Nov. 9 (446) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Surrender of about 400 of the oppositionists at Atares.
519
Nov. 10 (449) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report on further developments in the Cuban situation.
519
Nov. 13 (455) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Ambassador’s suggestion that he be authorized to return to Washington for the purpose of discussing the Cuban situation with President Roosevelt and with the Department; request that Department make an announcement with regard to Ambassador’s departure from Habana.
520
Nov. 14 (126) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
President Roosevelt’s agreement with proposal for Ambassador Welles’ return to Washington, and suggestion that Ambassador come to see him in Warm Springs, Ga., on November 19.
521
Undated Statement by the Acting Secretary of State
Announcement that Ambassador Welles is returning to the United States for a conference with President Roosevelt and will afterwards go back to Habana.
(Footnote: Issued as a press release, November 15.)
521
Nov. 15 (462) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Indications of willingness on the part of the civilian element of the Grau government to come to terms with the opposition groups; advice as to opposition leaders’ attitude toward consideration of a compromise.
522
Nov. 16 (463) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Batista’s expression of regret for and disavowal of participation in the attacks currently being made against the United States and against the Embassy in particular.
522
Nov. 20 (11) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State, at Sea (tel.)
Information that Ambasssdor Welles had an interview with President Roosevelt on November 19; advice concerning plans for Welles’ return to the Department and for Mr. Caffery’s designation as Special Representative of the President in Cuba.
(Footnote: Information that Secretary of State was en route to the Pan American Conference at Montevideo.)
523
Nov. 22 From the Secretary to President Roosevelt (tel.)
Request for advice with regard to the propriety of President Roosevelt’s receiving a communication signed by Grau San Martín.
524
Nov. 22 To the Secretary to President Roosevelt, at Warm Springs, Georgia (tel.)
Opinion that President Roosevelt should not receive the communication from Grau San Martín.
524
Nov. 23 To President Roosevelt, at Warm Springs, Georgia (tel.)
Draft statement (text printed) reiterating the U. S. policy toward recognition of a provisional government in Cuba.
(Footnote: Information that this statement was issued on November 23 by the President at Warm Springs.)
525
Nov. 25 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Chilean Ambassador’s inquiry as to what the U. S. attitude would be if various Latin American countries decided to recognize the Grau San Martín government before the Montevideo Conference convenes.
526
Nov. 25 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Observations as to reply to be made to the Chilean Ambassador’s inquiry, referring him to President Roosevelt’s statement of November 23.
526
Nov. 27 (483) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Batista’s promise of a thorough investigation and the punishment of persons guilty of the killing of five ex-Army officers. Advice that conciliation negotiations have received a set-back.
526
Nov. 27 (13) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Acting Secretary and Caffery: Request for the controlling facts and conditions to date against recognition of the Grau San Martín regime.
527
Nov. 28 (485) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Uruguayan Minister, who has recently been acting as self-appointed mediator in the Cuban political dispute, has announced the formulation of a plan of conciliation.
527
Nov. 28 (24) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information requested in Secretary’s telegram No. 13, November 27.
527
Nov. 29 (17) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Montevideo press reports of an interview allegedly held with the Secretary, in which he was quoted as favoring Cuban recognition, are unfounded.
528
Nov. 29 (486) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Welles has resumed charge of the Embassy.
528
Dec. 2 (488) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning attitudes of the Italian, French, British, German, Chilean, Brazilian, and Argentine Governments with regard to recognition of the present Cuban government.
529
Dec. 2 (489) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information from Uruguayan Minister concerning his compromise proposal for formation of a new government; opinion as to acceptability of proposal to opposition leaders and Grau himself.
529
Dec. 5 (494) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Attitudes of political leaders and Dr. Grau with regard to acceptance of Uruguayan Minister’s proposal; General Menocal’s insistence on revolution; activities of Batista.
531
Dec. 5 (38) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Communication of President Roosevelt’s position on the question of recognition of the Cuban government by other Latin American nations, and on U. S. policy.
533
Dec. 7 (500) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the President: Detailed summary of interview with Dr. Grau concerning solution of the country’s difficulties; advice of plans being made by certain Army officers, with the full support of Batista, to remove Grau and his government and replace it by a national government under the Presidency of Mendieta.
533
Dec. 8 (501) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For the Under Secretary: Welles’ decision with regard to the inadvisability of his making any definite plans at the moment for his return to Washington.
536
Dec. 9 (504) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Pressure of various factions upon Grau to accept the Uruguayan Minister’s revised formula, providing for Mendieta’s assumption of the Provisional Presidency upon Grau’s retirement from office.
536
Dec. 9 (140) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Communication of President Roosevelt’s suggestion that Welles should plan to leave Habana on either December 12 or 13 in order that Caffery may reach Habana shortly afterward.
538
Dec. 10 (508) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Conference with Dr. Grau, wherein he stated his willingness to come to an immediate agreement with the opposition leaders for the constitution of a concentration Cabinet and his readiness to retire as President immediately.
538
Dec. 11 (509) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Meeting, between Grau and leaders of the Unión Nacionalista, ABC, and Marianista Parties, during which an agreement in principle was reached on matters pertaining to a provisional government; Batista’s favorable attitude toward agreement.
539
Dec. 11 (511) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Decision to leave Habana December 13 in view of the unexpected and complete collapse of negotiations on the political crisis.
539
Dec. 11 (512) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report concerning the breakdown of negotiations, brought about by Grau’s change of attitude.
539
Dec. 11 (513) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning statement made to the Associated Press by the Uruguayan Minister implying that Ambassador Welles was responsible for the breakdown of negotiations.
540
Dec. 12 (514) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information regarding Uruguayan Minister’s action retracting his statement referred to in telegram No. 513, December 11.
541
Dec. 13 (515) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Welles’ departure from Habana.
541
Dec. 14 (517) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Summary of discussion with Batista and three student leaders, at request of students, in which they asserted stability and nationalistic aims of Grau government and appealed for U. S. recognition.
541
Dec. 18 (524) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Information given to the press that a recent visit to Grau was to advise him of the expected arrival of Mr. Caffery.
543
Dec. 18 (526) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Arrival in Habana.
543
Dec. 21 (78) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Request for facts with regard to a Havas despatch from Habana concerning the arrival of the U. S. vessel Wyoming.
543
Dec. 21 (527) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Conversation with Carlos Hevía of the Unión Nacionalista Party, during which the entire Cuban situation was discussed in both its political and economic aspects.
544
Dec. 21 (110) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State, at Montevideo (tel.)
Information that presence of U. S. vessel Wyoming at Habana is a routine matter and not connected in any way with the situation in Cuba.
544
Dec. 21 (148) To the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that Márquez Sterling was received by President Roosevelt as a private citizen of Cuba in order that he might present his respects before returning to Cuba to assume the office of Secretary of State.
545
Dec. 26 (530) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Intention to explore Cuban situation thoroughly; hope that some definite suggestions may be made shortly.
545
Dec. 28 (532) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that Uruguayan Minister is making another attempt to have his conciliation plan accepted.
545
Dec. 29 (534) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Information that Uruguayan Minister has made no further progress with his plan; attempts to obtain a clear view of the political situation.
546

Plans for the Adjustment of Cuban Finances

[Page LIX][Page LX][Page LXI][Page LXII]
Date and number Subject Page
1931 June 15 (745) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Representations to President Machado with regard to the proposed issuance by the Cuban Government of a $10,000,000 internal loan, and subsequent cancelation of project; suggestion for a note to President Machado (text printed) with respect to the U. S. Government’s desire to be notified in advance of any decision of the Cuban Government to issue obligations, so that it may decide whether or not a treaty violation is involved.
546
June 26 (72) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization to present proposed note.
548
June 27 (102) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that note has been delivered to President Machado.
548
July 9 (773) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Conference with President Machado, wherein he observed that any formal acknowledgment of the Ambassador’s note might have to take into consideration the rights of the Cuban Government in the matter.
549
July 10 (776) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Letter from President Machado, July 8 (text printed), acknowledging Ambassador’s note regarding future issuance of Cuban Government obligations.
549
1932 Apr. 20 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Information concerning a memorandum (text printed) left at the Department by the Cuban Ambassador, Orestes Ferrara, with regard to his Government’s consideration of a credit operation in order to satisfy its $10,000,000 floating debt.
550
May 5 (1152) From the Chargé in Cuba
Report of conversation with Ambassador Ferrara, upon his return to Habana, in regard to the project for funding of the Cuban Government’s floating debt; opinions as to advantages and disadvantages of the project.
552
May 12 (57) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning extension of the public works credit; indication that proposed issue of $10,000,000 Treasury notes has been abandoned by the Cuban Government owing to the lack of revenues as security.
554
Aug. 25 (1328) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Detailed report on Cuban finances and recommendations for an equitable readjustment thereof.
554
Nov. 4 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Summary of arrangement proposed by the Chase National Bank with regard to the Cuban financial situation.
558
Nov. 29 (122) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice concerning Chase National Bank’s financial plan involving loans from the oil companies in Cuba; objections to proposed plan, and request for instructions.
559
Dec. 3 (119) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Assertion that Department desires to take no position in the matter of the proposed Chase plan.
561
Dec. 5 (128) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Intention to follow Department’s instructions with regard to the Chase financial plan.
562
Dec. 19 (1451) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Advice that Chase plan has been made into law; further advice concerning new tax on the sugar industry included in the law.
563
1933 Jan. 12 (4) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning report of President Machado’s decision to issue Treasury certificates in payment of salaries in arrears due the Government employees.
563
Jan. 16 (6) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
President Machado’s refutation of reports of proposed issuance of Treasury certificates.
564
Mar. 14 (9) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information from Chase Bank official that President Machado is planning to declare a moratorium on the foreign debt; request for any information which would bear out this report.
564
Mar. 15 (18) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning campaign of criticism and propaganda against further payments on the principal of the foreign debt; advice that informal inquiry has been made of Secretary of State Ferrara with regard to the debt payments.
565
Mar. 17 (19) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that publicity campaign advocating moratorium on foreign debt payments is increasing.
566
Mar. 23 (21) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that President Machado has sent a message to Congress requesting enactment of legislation to establish a partial moratorium on private debts.
566
Mar. 24 (22) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that a letter has been sent to President Machado concerning expectation that, in accordance with treaty obligations, the U. S. Government will be notified with regard to the proposed issuance of deferred payment certificates under the decree of March 13.
566
Mar. 28 (26) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that mortgage moratorium bill has been passed by the Senate; Senate passage, also, of a bill authorizing President Machado to arrange for a delay in amortization payments on both foreign and internal Government debts.
567
May 4 (37) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Receipt of note from Secretary of State Ferrara justifying the issuance of deferred payment certificates under March 13 decree, and asserting that the Cuban Government is under no obligation to give previous notification to the United States.
567
May 11 (2) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Further information regarding Ferrara’s note referred to in telegram No. 37, May 4; request for Department’s instructions before replying, with respect to Cuban contention that no infraction of treaty provisions is involved.
(Footnote: Information that no instructions were issued, that with the signature of the U. S.-Cuban treaty of relations, May 29, 1934, the matter was evidently considered closed.)
568
May 13 (8) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Assumption that a report and recommendations concerning the note referred to in the Chargé’s telegram No. 37, May 4, will be made soon.
569
May 22 (54) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information concerning Cuban budget for the fiscal year 1933–34; suggestion for a temporary arrangement to be made by the New York banking interests with the Cuban Government providing for a limited moratorium on sinking fund charges.
570
May 25 (62) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
President Machado’s proposal for certain concessions by U. S. bankers with regard to the use of revenues from public works taxes to pay interest on the bond issue and gold Treasury obligations; observation that any such concessions should be withheld pending President Machado’s decision with respect to the political situation.
571
May 30 (67) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Request for advice as to what action, if any, the Department has taken in accordance with the suggestion for a moratorium on sinking fund charges.
573
June 2 (37) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Opinion that Department cannot take the initiative in making suggestion to the bankers for a suspension of amortization payments due American bondholders.
573
June 3 (38) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
From Caffery: Information concerning conversation with representatives of Chase and National City Banks regarding postponement of proposed concessions to the Cuban Government.
573
June 9 (76) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice from Manager of Chase Bank that the Cuban Government and the bankers have apparently reached a deadlock in their efforts toward solving the Cuban financial dilemma.
574
June 14 (83) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Secretary of the Treasury’s information that the Cuban Government would be unable to make any payments this month toward arrears in salaries of civilian Government employees; suggested action to be taken toward remedying the situation.
575
June 30 (53) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Synopsis of terms of contract entered into between the Cuban Government and the Chase Bank for extension of the bankers’ credit and coordination of interest and maturity payments on this and other public works obligations.
(Footnote: Information that contract was made into law, July 5, 1933.)
576
Aug. 20 (175) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Views and recommendations with regard to the restoration of Cuban economic prosperity.
578
Aug. 21 (176) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Interview with President Céspedes, who said that he felt it was desirable that a commission of American financial experts be sent to Cuba to assist the Government in finding a solution to its financial problem.
580
Aug. 23 (182) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Céspedes’ request that American experts be sent to Habana as quickly as possible; request for advice from the Department as to a decision in the matter.
(Footnote: Information that on August 31, 1933, three American financial experts were requested to proceed at once to Habana.)
581
Aug. 31 (147) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Transmittal of memorandum (text printed) from the Under Secretary of the Treasury to the Assistant Secretary of State with regard to recommendations contained in Ambassador’s telegram No. 175, August 20.
582
Sept. 5 Preliminary Report on Cuban Finances Prepared by American Financial Experts
Detailed estimate of financial possibilities available in Cuba together with recommended action to meet the financial emergency.
583

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Execution of the Emergency Law of October 1931 and Further Suspension of Amortization Payments on the External Debt of the Dominican Republic

[Page LXIII][Page LXIV][Page LXV][Page LXVI][Page LXVII][Page LXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1932 Feb. 20 (250) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Account of conversation with President Trujillo, in which a special effort was made to insure the resumption of direct personal contact between the President and W. E. Dunn, Financial Adviser to the Dominican Government, which had been interrupted recently, and certain aspects of the Government’s fiscal policy were discussed.
589
April 9 (43) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Memorandum (text printed) setting forth Department’s views concerning status of the Financial Adviser and measures deemed essential for carrying out the Emergency Plan of October 1931.
591
April 19 (352) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Request for Department’s views as to the bearing of article 3 of the Convention of December 27, 1924, upon an eventual funding of the Dominican floating debt.
596
June 1 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Department’s view that a formal funding operation cannot be undertaken by the Dominican Government without raising the issue involved in article 3. Request for further views and suggestions of the Minister on the general problem of the floating debt.
598
June 7 From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Further views on the floating debt question; opinion that the Emergency Law may be a more real obstacle to the proposed funding of the debt than article 3 of the 1924 convention.
600
June 28 Memorandum by Mr. Winthrop R. Scott of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Summary of conversations held with Mr. Dunn dealing with various questions of Dominican finances.
602
July 20 (498) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Advice that President Trujillo is giving serious consideration to advisability of an early payment into the sinking fund of the foreign debt under the Emergency Law.
605
Aug. 30 (97) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Comment on a suggestion by Mr. Dunn relative to an exchange plan to be put into effect in case of a transfer of the Fiscal Agency from Lee, Higginson and Co. to another banking firm; opinion that such a plan might not be in the interest of the bondholders.
606
Sept. 6 (594) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Advice that Mr. Dunn’s idea was that if a satisfactory bond exchange plan could be worked out, it was desirable that the banking firm acting as Fiscal Agent should cooperate in its execution.
608
Sept. 12 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Receipt of information from the Dominican Minister that President Trujillo will remit $50,000 to the Fiscal Agent for purchase of bonds of the Dominican debt as part of probable surplus from the Emergency Law.
608
Oct. 3 Memorandum by Mr. Winthrop R. Scott of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Record of conversation between Mr. Dunn and Assistant Secretary of State Bundy on the Dominican financial situation; understanding that Mr. Dunn will prepare a statement for the Department showing details of a possible new arrangement whereby additional funds would be made available to the Dominican Government for reconstruction and rehabilitation purposes.
609
Oct. 19 (645) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Information that President Trujillo will accept Mr. Dunn’s recommendation of the Guaranty Trust Co. of New York as the new Fiscal Agent; also that Mr. Dunn is working on a plan for eventual modification of the Emergency Law so that there will be increased funds for reconstruction, and a downward adjustment of the rate of amortization of the funded debt.
611
Nov. 15 (677) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Advice that Dominican Government has submitted a plan whereby the emergency procedure now in force will be extended with modifications until January 1, 1935.
612
Nov. 18 (35) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Suggestion that detailed analysis be made prior to any final decision as to amendment of the Emergency Law.
614
Nov. 19 (60) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Opinion that the United States would be justified in accepting the Dominican view that further diversion of monies from amortization to apply them to a program of physical rehabilitation is necessary.
614
Nov. 22 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Mr. Dunn recommending that certain measures be taken before any change is made in the Emergency Law—namely, some bondholders’ representation and an independent investigation.
615
Nov. 25 (685) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Probability that editorial comment appearing in Listín Diario advocating suspension of interest payments on foreign debt was officially inspired.
617
Dec. 8 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Dominican Minister, who read a telegram from the Foreign Minister (text printed), indicating that President Trujillo has declared emphatically that his Government does not intend to interrupt interest payment on the debt.
617
Dec. 14 (715) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Advice that Lee, Higginson and Co. has resigned as Fiscal Agent and that arrangements for transfer of the Agency to the Guaranty Trust Co. will shortly be completed; further advice that the proposed legislation to amend the Emergency Law is in abeyance for the present.
618
Dec. 24 From the Dominican Minister
Letter from the Dominican Government to the new Fiscal Agent (text printed), setting forth the need for a permanent program which will be mutually advantageous to the Government and to the bondholders, the general features of such a program being (1) extension of the Emergency Law and possible amendment thereof, and (2) modification of the present loan contracts.
620
1933 Feb. 28 (827) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Memorandum of a conversation with Mr. Dunn (text printed) outlining his recommendations with respect to a plan for further procedure in readjustment of the external debt—a plan embodying (1) formation of an Advisory Committee to study the entire external debt question with a view to formulation of an adjustment plan, and (2) legislative action by the Government authorizing the Executive Power to deal with the Committee.
624
Mar. 3 (832) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Information that Mr. Dunn has submitted his recommendations to President Trujillo.
626
Mar. 10 (845) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Advice that President Trujillo will make a final decision shortly with regard to the formal recognition of the Advisory Committee which was formed at the request of the Dominican Government to the Fiscal Agent.
627
Apr. 27 (947) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Opinion as to the Dominican wish for an extension of the Emergency Law for a period of 5 years.
628
May 1 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Dunn concerning the proposed Dominican plan for dealing with the financial situation.
629
May 10 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Dunn, during which discussion centered on the fact that Trujillo refuses to recognize the Advisory Committee without some assurance from the United States that it will be unobjectionable to do so.
630
May 13 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Information that Joseph E. Davies is en route to Santo Domingo at the request of President Trujillo, and that there is a possibility of his being appointed attorney for the Dominican Government.
631
May 22 (24) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice that Mr. Davies has consented to act as General Counsel for the Dominican Government in financial and related matters.
632
June 3 (1010) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Analysis of the situation in connection with Trujillo’s intention to dispense with the services of Mr. Dunn in view of the recent employment of Mr. Davies as General Counsel; suggestion that Department make an informal statement to the Dominican Government on the subject.
632
June 14 Memorandum by Mr. Joseph F. McGurk of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Mr. Davies, Mr. Schoenfeld, Minister to the Dominican Republic, and officers of the Department with regard to recent developments in the Dominican financial situation.
636
June 22 (1036) From the Chargé in the Dominican Republic
Information that Oliver P. Newman, who is to succeed Mr. Dunn as Special Emergency Agent and probably also as Financial Adviser, has arrived in Santo Domingo and that a contract similar to the one held by Mr. Dunn is being drawn up.
638
July 19 To President Roosevelt
Memorandum (text printed) analyzing the Dominican situation with regard to loans and U. S. responsibility toward the bondholders.
639
July 29 From the Minister in the Dominican Republic, Temporarily in the United States
Opinion with regard to practicable settlement of Dominican debt problem; request for clear definition of U. S. policy on the international aspects of the problem before returning to the Dominican Republic.
640
Aug. 16 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Mr. Newman, Mr. Schoenfeld, and officers of the Department, wherein view was expressed that the Dominican Government should reach an agreement with the bondholders before attempting to solve the financial problem.
642
Aug. 25 (199) To the Chargé in the Dominican Republic
Instructions to make appropriate representations to the Dominican Government concerning application of the surplus in the emergency fund to amortization of the funded debt.
643
Sept. 2 (1139) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Information dealing with the possibility of the remittance by the Fiscal Agents of at least a substantial portion of the surplus accumulated.
643
Sept. 6 (35) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Report that official representations may not be necessary at this time in view of the fact that spontaneous action may shortly be taken by the Government.
645
Sept. 13 (37) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Probability that a decision as to the remittance from surplus in the emergency fund will be taken in the next day or two since all desiderata of the Government have been obtained.
646
Sept. 15 (25) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Newman’s report of the Dominican desire to proceed with refunding plans in order to utilize some of the present surplus for improvement purposes; Department’s view that substantial remittance from surplus should be made for amortization purposes.
646
Sept. 15 (1167) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Note from the Foreign Ministry (text printed), advising of decision of the Government to allocate $100,000 of the surplus to the liquidation of bonds and to keep the remainder as a trust fund pending a permanent readjustment of the foreign debt.
647
Sept. 18 (1169) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Conversation with Dominican officials concerning various aspects of the financial situation; opinion that either the bondholders or the Department may require a renewed showing of necessity before a decision is reached as to what may be a fair basis for the “permanent” readjustment of the external debt now contemplated by the Government.
648
Oct. 18 From Mr. Joseph E. Davies and Mr. Oliver P. Newman
Opinion that a new Emergency Law should be enacted, and reasons for reaching this conclusion.
652
Nov. 4 (1263) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Discussion of U. S. rights and obligations under the Convention of 1924 and of bases of possible future U. S. policy relative to the Dominican funded debt; opinion that the forthcoming expiration of the Emergency Law calls for a notification to Dominican Government of U. S. position.
655
Nov. 7 Statement Made by the Assistant Secretary of State in the Presence of the Secretary of State and Messrs. Joseph E. Davies and Oliver P. Newman
Suggestion that the Emergency Law be extended for 6 months so that the Government may confer with the bondholders and with the Central Bondholders Committee now being organized; also that Dominican expenditures be cut wherever possible.
659
Nov. 8 To Mr. Joseph E. Davies
Opinion that it is not within the province of the United States to express approval of or acquiescence in any action that may have the effect of varying the contracts of the Dominican Government with those who hold its bonds.
659
Nov. 13 From the Dominican Minister
Dominican Government’s desire to use all possible funds for a limited period of time for rehabilitation purposes; its decision to take up the matter of adjustment of the situation with the bondholders through the Central Bondholders Committee, and to extend the Emergency Law for 6 months.
660
Nov. 14 (47) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information that the Senate has passed a bill extending the Emergency Law.
665
Nov. 21 (49) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information that President Trujillo on November 16 signed the bill extending the Emergency Law, thereby completing enactment.
665
Nov. 24 (1316) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Suggestion that if Department intends to make any observations as to the extension of the Emergency Law, it would be fairer to the Government to do so prior to enactment of the 1934 budget law, since the Government regards the extension measure as a necessary preliminary to formulation of the budget.
666
Nov. 28 To the Dominican Minister
Advice that the Department has no authority to vary or sanction the variation of the terms of the Convention which provides for the service of the Dominican external debt.
667
Dec. 13 (1343) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Note to the Foreign Minister (text printed), advising that the United States considers that any other disposition of the surplus than that provided for by the Emergency Law itself should receive the express consent of the bondholders.
667
Dec. 27 (1360) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Conversation with Foreign Minister, who stated that advice given the Government by Dr. Cestero, lately delegate to the Seventh Pan American Conference, indicated that Secretary of State Hull had requested deferment of further action with regard to external debt readjustment until he had returned to Washington and that negotiations had been deferred accordingly; intimation that Assistant Secretary of State Moore and Mr. Davies would work on the matter in cooperation with Secretary Hull.
668
1934 Jan. 10 (224) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Advice that the Department has received no information whatever from the Secretary of State confirming Dr. Cestero’s statement; that previous correspondence with Mr. Davies and with the Dominican Legation completely negative the ideas expressed by the Foreign Minister.
670

ECUADOR

Efforts by the Department of State To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests with Respect to Ecuadoran Exchange Restrictions

Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 29 (237) To the Minister in Ecuador
Instructions to advise the Foreign Minister informally that, while the United States will not desire to obtain an agreement similar to the proposed clearing agreements with Spain and France relating to Ecuadoran exchange control, it will expect practical most-favored-nation treatment for American interests equivalent to that obtained by other countries through clearing agreements.
672
July 28 (25) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office concerning clearing agreement concluded between France and Ecuador.
672
Aug. 28 (1108) From the Minister in Ecuador
Advice that informal representation was made to the Foreign Office in accordance with Department’s instructions of July 29; further information concerning pending legislation on exchange control, the agreement with France, and negotiations with Spain.
673
Sept. 12 (1130) From the Minister in Ecuador
Opinion that in view of political situation, further discussion of most-favored-nation treatment would be useless for the present; information that no definitive action has been taken with regard to the exchange control bill.
(Footnote: Information that no further representations were made; that a Legislative decree partially abrogating exchange control was passed by the Ecuadoran Congress on November 27, 1933.)
675

EL SALVADOR

Refusal of the United States To Recognize the Martínez Regime in El Salvador

[Page LXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 2 (889) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Foreign Minister’s desire to make known his Government’s willingness to cooperate in any U. S. policy with respect to recognition of General Martínez of El Salvador; request for Department’s assurance that no change in its policy is contemplated.
678
June 2 (157) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Informal conversation with Foreign Minister Puig, who said that he had been asked by the Salvadoran Minister in Mexico to use his friendly offices in order to bring about U. S. recognition of El Salvador.
679
June 16 (230) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmittal of correspondence with foreign Minister concerning his offer of mediation between the United States and El Salvador; suggestion that Dr. Puig be allowed to take such steps as he wishes with a view to the restoration of friendly relations between the United States and El Salvador.
680
July 13 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American A fairs
Conversation with Chilean Chargé, who said that his Government was considering recognition of the Martínez regime, and who was advised of unchanged U. S. position, interpreting the 1923 General Treaty of Peace and Amity as barring Martínez from recognition.
684
July 13 (320) From the Chargé in El Salvador
Information concerning news items alleging that certain Latin American diplomats in Washington are attempting to obtain the Department’s approval of the calling of a conference for the purpose of revising the 1923 treaty; request for information as to truth of such statement.
684
July 17 (97) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to express appreciation of Dr. Puig’s offer of mediation, to reiterate U. S. desire to maintain the 1923 treaty in force, and to advise him that this view is shared by Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua.
685
July 26 (404) From, the Ambassador in Mexico
Information that Foreign Minister has been informed of U. S. view.
688
Aug. 16 (133) To the Chargé in El Salvador
Advice that the Department has not recently been approached by any “Latin American diplomats” for the purpose of obtaining a revision of the 1923 treaty, and assurance that no change has been made in U. S. policy with respect to Martínez.
688
Sept. 16 (1636) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Information that occasional publicity concerning a future conference of Central American Republics is inspired and paid for by General Martínez; opinion that Costa Rica will recognize Martínez as soon as its denunciation of the 1923 treaty becomes effective.
689
Oct. 31 (30) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Observation that Costa Rica has freely exercised its right to denounce the 1923 treaty, and instructions to make no comment or suggestion.
690
[Page LXX]

HAITI

Negotiations Regarding Control of Haitian Finances, Haitianization of the Garde, and Withdrawal of American Marines; Agreement of August 7, 1933, and Further Negotiations for Ending American Financial Control

[Page LXXI][Page LXXII][Page LXXIII][Page LXXIV][Page LXXV][Page LXXVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1932 Nov. 11 (128) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Conversation with President Vincent, wherein he agreed to withdraw a moratorium proposal submitted previously to the Minister by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Haitian desire that funds be made available to start work on the Artibonite irrigation project; Minister’s recommendation that De la Rue, Financial Adviser to the Haitian Government, be requested to resume his negotiations for a loan from the National City Bank.
691
Nov. 14 (75) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s approval of Minister’s action in securing withdrawal of Haitian moratorium proposal; viewpoint with reference to funds for the Artibonite project.
692
Nov. 19 (129) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Receipt of Haitian note requesting U. S. approval and assistance in an effort to obtain a loan from the National City Bank to provide for a series of public works; advice that note asks that the United States authorize the expenditure of $500,000 from Haitian Treasury reserves to begin the public works contemplated.
693
Dec. 6 (132) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for Department’s views with regard to the Haitian Government’s application for permission to increase the national debt in order to accomplish specified productive public works.
694
Dec. 8 (10) To the Minister in Haiti
Draft note (text printed) to be sent to the Haitian Government giving the Department’s viewpoint on the granting of approval of the Haitian request for an increase in the public debt.
694
Dec. 9 (22) From the Minister in Haiti
Views and recommendations concerning Department’s position with regard to the Haitian request for approval of a loan and the expenditure of funds for public works.
698
Dec. 15 (134) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that De la Rue has elaborated with U. S. bankers a plan for a revolving credit of one million dollars for Artibonite development; request for instructions concerning explanation to be made to President Vincent with regard to Department’s attitude toward final approval of a new loan to Haiti.
702
Dec. 17 (79) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to withhold delivery of note transmitted with instruction No. 10, December 8, until further notice, but to discuss with President Vincent the Department’s view regarding financial administration after 1936.
702
Dec. 21 (136) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Minister plans to set forth Department’s views contained in telegram No. 79, December 17, in a forthcoming conversation with President Vincent; further advice with regard to financing of capital construction in Haiti.
704
Dec. 23 (81) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s maintenance of its views with regard to the setting up of a revolving fund for financing the Artibonite project.
705
Dec. 24 (137) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
President Vincent’s assurance that if a $400,000 credit is made available for beginning work on the Artibonite project, he will resubmit the treaty of September 3, 1932, with certain changes, to Parliament for ratification; Haitian desire also for U. S. approval of a $2,000,000 long-term loan and a $200,000 advance from cash reserves for public works.
706
Dec. 26 (32) From the Minister in Haiti
Further details on the Haitian proposals outlined in telegram No. 137, December 24, and personal opinion on various aspects.
706
Dec. 28 (82) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s desire that Legation give no assurances to the Haitian Government regarding any sum to be made available from the cash reserves without first consulting the Department.
710
1933 Jan. 2 (34) From the Minister in Haiti
Review of discussions held with the Haitian Government regarding a $400,000 short-term loan offered Haiti by the National City Bank; Minister’s suggestion for a note to be sent by the Department embodying its views on such a loan.
710
Jan. 9 (18) To the Minister in Haiti
Advice as to Department’s viewpoint with respect to any Haitian loan proposition.
713
Jan. 30 (60) From the Minister in Haiti
Information concerning a draft note tentatively submitted by the Haitian Government, requesting U. S. approval of the $400,000 loan, and withdrawn upon Minister’s objections.
714
Feb. 1 (62) From the Minister in Haiti
Foreign Minister’s note (text printed), requesting U. S. approval of proposed $400,000 revolving credit.
718
Feb. 10 (10) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Conversation with President Vincent, De la Rue, and the Foreign and Finance Ministers with regard to the prospect of a decision by the United States on the $400,000 loan; advice that National City Bank plans to forward proposed loan contract for submission to the Haitian Government shortly.
720
Feb. 14 (4) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Vincent that Department will give immediate consideration to the credit proposal as soon as it is submitted by the bankers; further instructions to urge that Haitian Government submit its proposals for modification of the treaty of September 3, 1932, as soon as possible.
721
Feb. 16 (76) From the Minister in Haiti
Information regarding certain recommendations made by the Financial Adviser, and request for instructions with regard to his recommendation that an immediate advance of $100,000 from treasury reserves be authorized to start work on the Artibonite project.
721
Feb. 22 (79) From the Minister in Haiti
Draft (text printed) of an amended treaty containing the changes proposed by the Haitian Government in the treaty of September 3, 1932.
722
Feb. 25 (8) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s inquiry with regard to status of Haitian negotiations with the National City Bank; further inquiries with respect to Financial Adviser’s recommendations as referred to in despatch No. 76, February 16; request that Financial Adviser submit a complete description of his proposal for authorization of an immediate advance of $100,000.
728
Feb. 27 (14) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Answer to Department’s inquiry with regard to (1) status of negotiations between Haitians and National City Bank, and (2) Haiti’s proposed modifications for the agreement concerning financial control.
730
Feb. 28 (15) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Further information in reply to Department’s inquiries.
730
Mar. 10 (23) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Financial Adviser has submitted report requested in telegram No. 8, February 25; Chargé’s summary of report and his recommendation that authorization for the $100,000 credit be given the Haitian Government.
733
Mar. 17 (15) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization for the $100,000 credit.
734
Apr. 3 Memorandum Prepared by the Division of Latin American Affairs
Summary of general principles underlying U. S. policy toward Haiti; annexed memorandum (text printed) entitled “Policy in Haiti”, giving in more detail the manner in which such principles would be applied in connection with the treaty now under negotiation with Haiti revising in certain respects the treaty of September 3, 1932.
735
Apr. 13 (27) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to proceed in accordance with memorandum of policy in Haiti (supra).
738
Apr. 25 (27) From the Minister in Haiti
Report of conversation with Foreign Minister, who was given the U. S. draft of a treaty with Haiti.
738
Apr. 28 (31) From the Minister in Haiti
Conversation with President Vincent and Foreign Minister, who expressed their belief that it would be impossible to secure Legislature’s ratification of a treaty such as the draft text submitted by the United States; President Vincent’s plan for dealing with Protocols A and B of the September 3 treaty as two separate units, reaching an accord on each separately.
739
May 12 (49) From the Minister in Haiti
Report of conversations with Finance Minister and President Vincent on treaty revision; request for Department’s views as to the general proposal to conclude separate accords on pending issues between Haiti and the United States.
741
May 17 (52) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Note from Foreign Minister (text printed) regarding Haitian Government’s plan to negotiate two separate accords on military and financial matters with the United States.
744
June 5 (69) From the Minister in Haiti
President Vincent’s desire to be able to announce the conclusion of an executive military accord with the understanding that an accord on future financial administration will be reached after the present Haitian legislative session.
745
June 17 (63) To the Minister in Haiti
Instructions to make oral inquiry of the Foreign Minister with regard to the terms of the proposed protocol covering Haitianization of the Garde as well as the exact terms of the written assurances which the Haitians will give as to the form of financial control to be embodied in a subsequent protocol.
746
June 22 (85) From the Minister in Haiti
Report of conversation with Foreign Minister, during which oral representations in accordance with Department’s instruction No. 63, June 17, were made; Minister’s submission of his own recommendation with regard to an accord covering financial control.
748
June 26 (88) From the Minister in Haiti
Transmittal of a Haitian draft agreement covering financial control after 1936.
752
July 11 (43) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s views with regard to Haitian draft financial agreement.
753
July 12 (71) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Minister expects shortly to receive text of an accord covering financial control which the Haitian Government is willing to sign; Minister’s request that he be allowed to come to Washington for consultation.
(Footnote: Information that Minister was instructed to report at Washington for consultation at his earliest convenience.)
753
Aug. 4 (52) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Explanation of delay in reaching final agreement on the accord for financial control.
753
Aug. 4 (88) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion that financial accord should be signed and published as soon as possible.
(Footnote: Information that on August 5 the Minister was authorized to sign the agreement.)
754
Aug. 7 (91) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that agreement has been signed and interpretative notes exchanged.
754
Aug. 7 Agreement Between the United States of America and Haiti for the Haitianization of the Garde and Withdrawal of Military Forces From Haiti and Financial Arrangement
Text of accord, signed at Port-au-Prince.
775
Aug. 7 The American Minister in Haiti to the Haitian Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Information concerning U. S. interpretation of article VIII of the Agreement signed between the United States and Haiti; further information regarding purpose of the financial arrangement included in the Agreement.
762
Aug. 8 (62) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice concerning Secretary’s approval expressed at a press conference with respect to the Haitian Agreement.
762
Aug. 9 (97) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that Haitians have received publication of the Agreement with unanimous satisfaction.
762
Sept. 12 (85) To the Chargé in Haiti
Department’s views with regard to Haitian Government’s proposal to use repressive measures in order to curb activities of the opposition press, which recently made false allegations with respect to the Agreement.
763
Nov. 16 From the President of Haiti to President Roosevelt
View that financial provisions of the August 7 agreement are infringements upon the sovereignty of the Haitian nation; hope that the United States may eventually be able to renounce its exercise of financial control in Haiti.
764
Nov. 22 Memorandum by Mr. Donald R. Heath of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Haitian Minister relative to President Vincent’s letter to President Roosevelt; Haitian Minister’s opinion that publication of the letter and its reply would have a favorable effect at the forthcoming Pan American Conference at Montevideo.
766
Nov. 29 From President Roosevelt to the President of Haiti
Reply to President Vincent’s letter of November 16; reference to U. S. obligation in connection with financial administration in Haiti incurred under the treaty of 1915, the protocol of 1919, and the agreement of August 7.
767
Nov. 30 (128) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice concerning Foreign Minister’s receipt of a telegram from a member of the Haitian delegation to the Pan American Conference, concerning a contemplated change in American policy with regard to Haitian financial control; President Vincent’s desire to make public his letter to President Roosevelt of November 16 and certain other documents in order to offset false claims by his opponents regarding this new development; request for instructions.
768
Dec. 1 (129) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Further information from President Vincent with regard to reported conversations held between Secretary of State Hull and Haitian delegate, Barau, while en route to Montevideo, concerning the abolition of financial control in Haiti; probability that documents referred to in telegram No. 128, November 30, will be made public in Haiti immediately.
769
Dec. 1 (83) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice concerning exchange of messages between Secretary and the Department with regard to the Haitian delegation’s petition requesting the early withdrawal of American financial administration in Haiti; Department’s viewpoint regarding a Haitian arrangement worked out in agreement with the bondholders.
770
Dec. 1 (130) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the documents referred to in telegram No. 128, November 30, have been published.
772
Dec. 4 (131) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice from President Vincent concerning telegram from Barau, December 3 (text printed), with regard to further developments in his exchange of views with Secretary Hull. Inquiry as to whether text of President Roosevelt’s reply to President Vincent’s letter of November 16 will be released.
772
Dec. 4 (85) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that material relative to the Haitian request for abolition of financial control was given to the press for background purposes; instructions to telegraph Department following delivery of Roosevelt’s reply to Vincent in order that text may be made public; transmission of a telegram (text printed) from the Secretary concerning discussion with Haitian delegation of proposal for the substitution of the National Bank of Haiti in place of the Fiscal Representative for service of the Haitian debt.
(Footnote: Information that text of President Roosevelt’s reply to President Vincent was released to the press on December 5.)
772
Dec. 5 (42) To the American Delegation to the Seventh International Conference of American States
Advice that the National City Bank has offered to sell the entire capital stock of the National Bank of Haiti to the Haitian Government.
773
Dec. 7 (135) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request to be informed of the facts concerning a reported exchange of notes between Barau and the Secretary and to receive the texts of the notes, if such exchange was made.
774
Dec. 8 (88) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice, in reply to Minister’s No. 135, that Department’s telegrams No. 83, December 1, and No. 85, December 4, transmitted all the information available to date.
774
Dec. 14 (212) From the Minister in Haiti
Receipt from President Vincent of an oral statement (text printed) handed to the Haitian delegation to the Pan American Conference by a member of the American delegation, embodying Secretary Hull’s recommendations with respect to the Haitian financial control; assumption that, since no instructions have been received in accordance with these recommendations, it was the Department’s intention to include them in the text of President Roosevelt’s reply to President Vincent.
775
1934 Jan. 9 (122) To the Minister in Haiti
Review of exchange of communications between the Secretary and the Haitian delegation and between the Secretary and the Department with regard to the Haitian request for abolition of financial control; Department’s commendation for the tactful and correct manner in which Minister interpreted telegraphic instructions in the premises.
777

Exchange of Notes, October 31, 1933, With Respect to the Haitian Budget and Accounting Law of July 4, 1933

[Page LXXVII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 8 (40) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Finance Minister’s intention to omit special article 36, confirming powers of the Financial Adviser, from text of the permanent finance law drafted by the Financial Adviser when such law is resubmitted to the Haitian Legislature; recommendation that Financial Adviser be authorized to approve the law upon the condition that the Haitian Government will confirm in writing the powers mentioned in article 36; request for instructions.
778
Apr. 12 (45) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request that Department telegraph its decision as early as possible concerning confirmation of the Financial Adviser’s powers through exchange of notes.
778
Apr. 13 (26) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Nonobjection to omission of article 36 from the finance law, provided powers of the Financial Adviser are fully confirmed” in an exchange of notes.
779
Sept. 28 (106) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Financial Adviser’s recommendation that United States propose an exchange of notes with Haiti relating to certain provisions of the Budget and Public Accounting Law of July 4, 1933, and that provision be made in such notes with regard to the functions of the Financial Adviser; request for authorization to propose an exchange of notes to the Foreign Minister.
779
Oct. 4 (72) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization for and instructions concerning proposed exchange of notes.
780
Oct. 5 (108) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice concerning effect of the removal of special article 36 from the finance law of July 4, 1933; Chargé’s view that a provision regarding the Financial Adviser’s functions should be included in the proposed exchange of notes; request for instructions.
780
Oct. 9 (73) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization to include the provision regarding Financial Adviser’s functions; inquiry as to whether exchange of notes authorized in telegram No. 26, April 13, was effected.
781
Oct. 10 (109) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice in answer to Department’s inquiry that exchange of notes was not effected.
782
Oct. 20 (161) From the Minister in Haiti
Draft note (text printed) submitted to the Foreign Minister on October 10 concerning the proposed correction of certain omissions in the Finance Law of July 4.
782
Oct. 27 (114) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Foreign Minister has accepted Legation’s draft note, and request for authorization to effect exchange of notes.
(Footnote: Information that authorization was granted in telegram No. 114, October 30.)
783
Nov. 4 (181) From the Minister in Haiti
Foreign Minister’s note, October 31 (text printed), in reply to Legation’s note of that date addressed to the Foreign Office, text of which was in conformity with that of the draft note transmitted in despatch No. 161, October 20.
783

Agreements Between the Untied States and Haiti, Signed July 19, 1933, and October 27, 1933, Amending the Garde Agreement of August 24, 1916

[Page LXXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 19 (97) From the Chargé in Haiti
Agreement, signed July 19 (text printed), amending the Garde Agreement of August 24, 1916, for the abolishment of the grade of aspirant officer and the increase of the number of second lieutenants by 22.
784
Sept. 20 (131) From the Chargé in Haiti
Submission of an amendment to the 1916 Garde Agreement concerning provision for the incorporation of the Military Household of the President of the Republic in the Garde d’Haiti; request for authorization to sign the amendment.
785
Sept. 29 (71) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization to sign amendment referred to in despatch No. 131, September 20.
785
Oct. 12 (156) From the Chargé in Haiti
Advice concerning Foreign Minister’s submission of a counterproposal modifying the draft amendment authorized in telegram No. 71, September 29, and his suggestion that agreement be amended by an exchange of notes; submission of Legation’s draft note, and request for instructions.
786
Oct. 19 (76) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization requested in despatch No. 156, October 12; suggestion of phrase which should be included in text of Haitian note if the same phrase is included in text of Legation’s note.
786
Oct. 31 (175) From the Minister in Haiti
Exchange of notes with the Foreign Minister, October 27 (texts printed), providing for an amendment to the Garde Agreement of 1916, for the incorporation of the Military Household of the President in the Garde d’Haiti.
787

Waiving of Immunity for American Treaty Official From Jurisdiction of Haitian Courts in Case of Fraud in the Collection of Customs

[Page LXXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 13 Press Release Issued by the Departent of State
Information that David P. Johnson, American Collector of Customs at Port-au-Prince, has confessed that he has been guilty of defrauding the Haitian customs and accepting bribes from Zrike Brothers, importers and merchants of Port-au-Prince; Department’s action taken as a result of Johnson’s confession, waiving Johnson’s immunity as a treaty official and surrendering him to the jurisdiction of the Haitian courts.
788
Apr. 7 (39) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice concerning a resolution introduced in the Haitian Senate by Senator Hudicourt seizing the occasion of the recent customs frauds to insist upon the return of the administration of Haitian affairs and finances to the Haitian people.
789
Apr. 11 (24) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform Haitian Government that, upon receipt of assurances on certain points enumerated, Department is willing to waive Johnson’s immunity as a treaty official and surrender him to the jurisdiction of the Haitian courts.
789
Apr. 12 (44) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Views of the Haitian President and Foreign Minister with regard to the points enumerated in telegram No. 24, April 11; Minister’s plan to surrender Johnson to Haitian jurisdiction at once.
790
Apr. 21 (47) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the Hudicourt resolution has been adopted.
791
Apr. 24 (30) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for information with regard to basis of a report that De la Rue, General Receiver of Customs, has given the impression to Zrike Brothers’ attorney that he would favor settlement for $40,000 provided Haitian authorities agreed. Advice that American creditors of Zrike Brothers desire the Department to direct informal representations looking to a compromise settlement.
791
Apr. 25 (49) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
De la Rue’s denial of having given the impression to Zrike Brothers’ attorney that he would participate in any settlement negotiation; his position that it would be most improper for him to play any part in negotiations looking to a compromise settlement.
791
June 26 (87) From the Minister in Haiti
Advice that Zrike Brothers were permitted to leave prison on June 14 with provisional liberty, after having agreed to pay the Haitian Government $100,000 in settlement of the civil claim.
792
July 25 (51) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s receipt from U. S. Senator Walsh of Johnson’s complaint that he has been discriminated against in favor of Zrike Brothers; Department’s instructions to make representations in the matter with a view to obtaining Johnson’s release on bail or with provisional liberty.
794
July 26 (81) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that the Haitian Government has accepted $10,400 as full restitution by Johnson for bribes received from Zrike Brothers and has released him on his own cognizance.
794
Oct. 30 (172) From the Minister in Haiti
Advice concerning Johnson’s departure from Haiti in August, apparently with the tacit approval of the Haitian Government; receipt of Haitian note, dated October 28, implying that the United States is responsible for the departure; draft of a proposed reply to the Haitian note.
794
Nov. 2 (116) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that Haitian Government desires to withdraw its note of October 28.
796
Nov. 16 (102) To the Minister in Haiti
Observations with respect to Minister’s draft reply to the Haitian note of October 28, concerning provisions of U. S.-Haitian extradition treaty of 1904; view that since Haitian Government has withdrawn its note, no U. S. reply is necessary.
796
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 2] (200) From the Minister in Haiti
Concurrence in view that Haitian withdrawal of note of October 28 apparently closes the incident.
797
[Page LXXX]

MEXICO

Efforts To Reach a Settlement Between the United States and Mexico Regarding Claims

[Page LXXXI]
Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 31 (34) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister that the convention for renewal of the General Claims Commission, signed June 18, 1932, may be brought into force at any time by exchange of ratifications between the United States and Mexico, and that the convention for renewal of the Special Claims Commission has been submitted to the U. S. Senate for its advice and consent to ratification.
798
Apr. 7 (65) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice concerning discussions between González Roa, Mexican Ambassador in Washington, and Josephus Daniels, newly appointed American Ambassador to Mexico, regarding the advisability of initiating discussions on an en bloc settlement of claims.
798
May 1 (85) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Report of conversation with Foreign Minister Puig, who promised a memorandum giving his concrete proposals for an en bloc settlement.
799
May 12 (57) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Report concerning the different steps taken up to the present time in connection with an en bloc settlement of claims.
800
Aug. 8 (456) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Advice of Dr. Puig’s failure to take up the question of an en bloc settlement with the Ambassador.
802
Oct. 2 (646) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Analysis of points involved in the Foreign Minister’s memorandum (received in September) containing Mexican proposals for an en bloc settlement. Report of conference, September 28, between Foreign Office and Embassy officials on questions of percentage recovery and agrarian claims.
802
Nov. 1 (757) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Detailed report of conferences held with González Roa; Roa’s presentation of an informal plan as a basis for discussion; his subsequent proposal of a lump sum payment by Mexico of 13½ million dollars.
805
Nov. 17 (220) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Further conference with González Roa during which the method for payment of the 13½ million dollar lump sum settlement and the time to be extended for such payment was discussed.
808
Dec. 6 (859) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Interview with Acting Foreign Minister, who was advised that Col. Moreno was then in Washington, discussing the claims situation with legal officials of the State Department; review of correspondence with Senator Key Pittman (Chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee), on the claims question.
809
Dec. 9 (163) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Advice that Department considers González Roa’s proposal unacceptable, both as regards amount and terms of payment; instructions to communicate orally to the Foreign Office information concerning terms of a protocol suggested by the Department to be negotiated with the Mexican Government for purposes of an en bloc settlement.
813
Dec. 16 (214) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmission of draft protocol (text printed) with regard to the settlement of general claims; detailed reasons for Department’s objection to Roa’s proposal; instructions to emphasize the specific objectives of the draft protocol when it is presented to the Foreign Office.
814
Dec. 19 Memorandum by the Ambassador in Mexico
Report of conversation with the Acting Foreign Minister, with reference to the adjustment of claims between the United States and Mexico.
821
Dec. 21 (227) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Request for Department’s decision regarding certain recommendations by the Ambassador before discussing with Foreign Office details of protocol and related instructions.
821
Dec. 26 (168) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Observations as to practical difficulties involved in Ambassador’s recommendations; instructions to endeavor to obtain Mexican acceptance of proposed protocol covering general claims transmitted in instruction No. 214, December 16; request for views concerning a proposal for settlement of special claims.
822

Convention Between the United States and Mexico for the Rectification of the Rio Grande in the El Paso–Juarez Valley, Signed February 1, 1933, and Exchanges of Notes

Date and number Subject Page
1933 (Editors’ Note: Information relative to negotiations and territorial questions involved.) 823
Feb. 1 Convention Between the United States of America and Mexico for the Rectification of the Rio Grande in the El Paso–Juarez Valley
Text of convention signed at Mexico City.
824
Feb. 1 From the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador in Mexico
Foreign Minister’s understanding with regard to documents attached to the convention of February 1.
828
Feb. 1 From the American Ambassador in Mexico to the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs
Confirmation of understanding.
829
Sept. 8 (187) From the American Ambassador in Mexico to the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs
Declaration that the spirit and terms of the February 1 convention do not alter the provisions of conventions already in force as regards utilization of water from the Rio Grande.
(Footnote: Information that a similar note in Spanish text was addressed to the American Ambassador by the Mexican Foreign Minister.)
829
[Page LXXXII]

Recommendation by the American Ambassador and Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs That a Joint Commission Be Appointed To Study Matters of Mutual Self-Defense

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Feb. 7 (2255) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Report of developments leading up to the signature by the Ambassador and the Foreign Minister of a memorandum, dated February 4 (text printed), suggesting that the Governments of Mexico and the United States appoint a Commission to give preliminary consideration to the question of cooperative defensive measures between the two countries in case of war with some third power.
830
Nov. 25 From the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs to the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Opinion that no steps should be taken in connection with information transmitted by the Ambassador in Mexico in despatch No. 2255, February 7, but that a confidential record of the matter should be kept.
838

Efforts To Stop Illegal Entry of Chinese Nationals From Mexico Into the United States

[Page LXXXIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1932 Nov. 22 (855) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Advice concerning the problem created by the illicit entry of Chinese into the United States from Mexico; request for Ambassador’s views in the matter, together with suggestions as to how the United States may meet the situation without violation of its international obligations to the Mexican Government.
839
1933 Mar. 3 (80) From the Consul at Mazatlán
Information that anti-Chinese campaign in Sinaloa, first begun in August 1931, has been resumed recently in the northern part of the State; account of Chinese being driven out of the State of Sonora.
840
Mar. 30 (2442) From the Chargé in Mexico
Report of representations made to the Foreign Minister with regard to the deportation of Chinese from Mexico to the United States without U. S. consent.
841
May 17 Memorandum by the American Ambassador in Mexico of a Conversation With the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs
Discussion of methods of controlling the illegal entry of Chinese nationals into the United States from Mexico, and suggestion that Mr. William P. Blocker, American Consul at Ciudad Juárez, be detailed to cooperate with Mexican authorities in the matter.
842
May 22 (109) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Indication from Governor Calles of Sonora that he is prepared to cooperate with the Mexican Federal Government with respect to the Chinese situation.
843
May 24 (119) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Receipt of a letter from the Consul at Ciudad Juárez giving the latter’s views as to the advisability of his making an inspection trip to the West Coast of Mexico; Ambassador’s belief that further investigation in Mexico on the part of U. S. authorities would be inadvisable at present.
844
June 23 (272) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Foreign Minister’s assurances regarding adjustment of the Chinese situation.
844
July 1 (311) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmittal of Foreign Office note advising that the Ministry of Gobernación has issued definitive instructions to the migration offices on the U. S.-Mexican border to prevent the illegal entry of Chinese nationals into the United States from Mexico.
845
Sept. 1 To the Chinese Chargé
Reference to receipt of Chinese Government’s remittance for the purpose of defraying in part the necessary expenditures in connection with the repatriation of Chinese refugees from Mexico; suggestion that the Chinese Government should assume full responsibility therefor.
845
Nov. 11 Memorandum by the Minister in China of a Conversation With the Chinese Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs
Advice to Vice Foreign Minister of the fact that the United States Government had recently expended more than $500,000 to repatriate Chinese citizens who had been expelled by the Mexican Government.
846
Dec. 13 Memorandum by the Minister in China of a Conversation With the Chinese Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs
Expression of U. S. hope that Chinese Government would take over the responsibility of repatriating Chinese nationals leaving Mexico; Vice Foreign Minister’s assurances as to Chinese Government’s efforts to alleviate the situation.
847

NICARAGUA

Disclaimer by the Department of State of Further Responsibility Regarding the Guardia Nacional Following the Evacuation of Nicaragua by the United States Marines

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 2 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Statement on the occasion of the departure of U. S. Marines from Nicaragua.
848
Dec. 28 (7) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Attitude that Nicaragua is under no obligation to consult the United States with regard to proposed reorganization of Guardia Nacional; instructions to express this view if an official approach to the subject is made by the Nicaraguan Government.
849
[Page LXXXIV]

PANAMA

Adoption of Remedial Measures for the Canal Zone in Consultation With President Arias of Panama During His Visit to the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 21 From the Panamanian Legation
Panamanian President’s request for U. S. consideration of questions arising from the relations between the two Governments which were created by the 1903 Treaty; hope to secure an agreement which would include measures of an administrative character with regard to the Panama Canal; submission of proposed general bases to be established for future negotiations.
852
Oct. 10 Memorandum by Mr. George R. Merrell, of the Division of Latin American Affairs, of a Conference With President Arias in the Secretary’s Office, October 9, 1933
Conversation between President Arias and officials of State, War, and Navy Departments regarding measures in connection with the administration of the Panama Canal on which Panama desires to reach an agreement with United States.
853
Oct. 13 To President Roosevelt
Memorandum of October 11 (text printed) by President Arias containing his requests for remedial measures of an administrative character; views and recommendations regarding the proposed measures, and opinion with respect to the declarations made by President Arias as to future relations between the two Governments.
856
Oct. 20 (3) To the Minister in Panama
Two memorandums (texts printed), one itemizing the points agreed to by President Arias and President Roosevelt in their conversations; the other, by Assistant Secretary of State Caffery, October 16, recording two statements of President Roosevelt made in this connection. Information that President Arias advised President Roosevelt that he would consider the question of the creation of a joint board for the control of radio in Panama.
865