The Minister in Costa Rica (Eberhardt) to the Secretary of State
[Received January 3, 1933.]
Sir:—In confirmation of my telegram No. 78 dated December 24, 12 Noon (1932),15 I have the honor to forward herewith Executive Decree No. 10 dated December 23, 1932 of the President of the Republic, in the form of a clipping from La Gacetar–Diario Oficial no. 291 of December 25, 1932, as well as the copy and translation of Note No. 555–B which was addressed to me by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Costa Rica on December 24th last. These enclosures contain the text of the Executive notification of renunciation by Costa Rica of the General Treaty of Peace and Amity, signed at Washington [Page 346] on February 7, 1923, as well as the text of the relevant notification of Costa Rica’s action to the other signatories.
Dr. Leonidas Pacheco, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, has just called at the Legation to inquire what the policy of the United States Government will be in respect of these treaties, subsequent to the inauguration of Mr. Roosevelt. I professed the utmost ignorance.
He then spoke about the ambiguous position in which his country is now placed through the arrival in San José during the last few days of a Salvadorian Consul; he said that the Consul had come to him this morning and requested an exequatur, and that refusal had been necessary due to the non-existence of diplomatic relations between El Salvador and Costa Rica. He added that he told the new Consul to enter into his functions without official recognition.
Dr. Pacheco then said that, much to his regret, his Government would not be able to recognize the Martínez régime in El Salvador until the first of January 1934, on account of the restrictions of the Treaty.
The Foreign Minister professed regret at the failure of his recent mission to Guatemala (vide despatch No. 1204 of November 21, 1932 et seq.).16 He said, with some attempt at sardonic wit, that every country has its “White House” but that in Guatemala City there were two; that the influence there of Mr. Sheldon Whitehouse is unlimited.
Beyond the mere announcement of the denunciation of the Treaty, there has been no press statement in the matter, nor have local observers commented on President Jiménez’ decision of December 23d.