The Chargé in Great Britain (Atherton) to the Secretary of State

No. 2256

Sir: I have the honor to refer to the Embassy’s telegram No. 191 of August 28 [26], 3 p.m., 1927,68 relating to the proposed Iraq Convention between the United States and Great Britain, and in this connection to forward a copy, in triplicate, of a Foreign Office note, dated November 7, 1927, with regard to certain modifications in the draft convention as enclosed therewith.

I have [etc.]

Ray Atherton
[Page 805]

The Head of the Eastern Department of the British Foreign Office (Oliphant) to the American Chargé (Atherton)

No. E 4579/136/65

My Dear Atherton: In my letter of May 9th69 I explained that the proposed convention between the United States, this country and Iraq had been submitted to the Iraq Government for their consideration and promised to communicate their views to you as soon as possible.

We have now received the observations of the Iraq Government and have reconsidered the original draft in the light of their suggestions. The enclosed re-draft, which for convenience of reference I will call the “revise of November 1st”, is the result.69a You will see that it does not differ materially from the original draft, and we hope that your Government will find no difficulty in agreeing to it.

Article 4 of the original draft, by which His Majesty’s Government agreed to furnish to the United States Government a duplicate of the annual report on Iraq, has been omitted, since this obligation, being one which applies solely to the British Government, would be out of place in a tripartite convention of the present type. We propose however, if your Government concur, that this point should be dealt with by a formal exchange of notes, to take place simultaneously with the exchange of ratifications of the convention.

As you know, the question of the revision of the existing relations between this country and Iraq has recently come under consideration and negotiations on this subject are at present taking place. In our opinion, however, this need not affect or delay the conclusion of the proposed convention. Whatever may be the result of the present negotiations, the existing rights and privileges of foreigners in Iraq, which we are pledged to protect, will remain unimpaired. The international position is, therefore, not likely to be modified and you will see that in any case the rights of United States citizens, in the event of any modification taking place in the special relations between this country and Iraq, are fully protected by Article 6 of the enclosed draft.

The present draft has now been agreed to by the Iraq Government and, I think, fully meets all the points which your Government have raised at various times. In these circumstances we hope that further modification will not be necessary, and that it may prove possible to sign the convention and bring it into force in the near future.

Yours sincerely,

Lancelot Oliphant
  1. Not printed.
  2. Not printed.
  3. Not printed. This draft is the same, with slight verbal changes, as the convention signed Jan. 9, 1930; Department of State Treaty Series No. 835; 47 Stat. 1817.