700.00116/226

The Ambassador in Italy (Fletcher) to the Secretary of State

No. 313

Sir: With reference to the Department’s telegraphic instruction No. 4, January 10, 3 p.m.,78 and confirming the Embassy’s telegrams [Page 98]No. 14, January 22, 6 p.m., and No. 22, January 30, 5 p.m.,79 with regard to the codification of Rules for the Control of Radio in Time of War, and also a set of Rules for Aerial Warfare, I have the honor to inform the Department that after repeated efforts on the part of the Embassy to obtain a definite statement from the Foreign Office in regard to the decision of the Italian Government concerning this question, I received on January 30th last a reply from the Minister for Foreign Affairs, which was summarized in my telegram No. 22, above referred to.

The Department will note from the enclosed translation of the Note from the Foreign Office that while the Italian Government accedes to the principles involved in the Conventions proposed, it feels that in view of recent developments in radio and aerial navigation, and the progress made in juridical matters, it would be advisable to consider the review and expansion of the Conventions. The Note also suggests the extension of the provisions in the first Convention regarding the control of radio to include radiotelephonic communication, which the Italian Government feels has today assumed a position of particular importance.

I have [etc.]

Henry P. Fletcher
[Enclosure—Translation]

The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (Mussolini) to the American Ambassador (Fletcher)

203510/12

Mr. Ambassador: I have the honor to refer to the Note of Your Excellency dated January 12, 1925, No. 8.

The proposals which, form the subject of the two Hague Conventions of February, 1923, upon the control of radio during war, and upon the rules for Aerial Warfare, have been examined minutely by the Italian Government, through its various technical departments.

The Royal Government is always favorable to any humanitarian movement tending to the bringing about of accords and acts which regulate the various forms of warfare.

As regards the principles involved, therefore, the Royal Italian Government would have no difficulty in acceding to the rules established in the Conventions referred to.

However, in view of recent developments both in radio and in aerial navigation, and because of the progress likewise made in juridical [Page 99]matters, the Royal Italian Government thinks that it would be useful to review and complete the plans for conventions prepared at The Hague.

It might also be wise if, in connection with the control of the use of radio, there be included in the first of the conventions in question an apposite clause extending its provisions to include radiotelephonic communication, which has today assumed, as you are aware, a particular importance.

Accept [etc.]

Mussolini
  1. See telegram, supra.
  2. Neither printed.