711.74119/1 a,—

The Secretary of State to the Minister in Bulgaria (Wilson)

No. 1

Sir: As you are aware the Treaty of Neuilly was signed on November 27, 1919 by the representatives of the Governments of the United States and Bulgaria.1 This Treaty, however, was not ratified on the part of the United States. It has, therefore, been deemed expedient, in view of the desirability of promoting friendly relations, as well as to encourage commercial intercourse between the two countries, to conclude a treaty between the two countries which shall embody such portions of the Treaty of Neuilly as would seem appropriate to the accomplishment of the above mentioned purposes. The draft of such treaty is herewith transmitted to you.

You are directed to present this draft to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria for the consideration of his Government, and should it be found acceptable to that Government, you will sign the treaty with the Bulgarian plenipotentiary. The President’s full power authorizing you to do so is enclosed.2

Should any modifications in the draft be proposed by the Bulgarian Government, you will submit them to the Department for its consideration and await its reply.

I am [etc.]

Charles E. Hughes

Draft of Treaty with Bulgaria

The United States of America and Bulgaria, desiring to promote friendly relations and to regulate commercial intercourse between the two countries, and believing that this may be accomplished through an agreement with regard to the treaty of Neuilly which was signed on November 27, 1919, and came into force according to the terms of its Article 296 but has not been ratified by the United [Page 664] States, have resolved to conclude a treaty for that purpose, and to that end have named their plenipotentiaries;

  • The President of the United States of America: . . . . . . . . . . and
  • Bulgaria: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Who, having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed as follows:

Article I

Bulgaria undertakes to accord to the United States, and the United States shall have and enjoy, all the rights and advantages stipulated for the benefit of the United States in the Treaty of Neuilly which the United States shall fully enjoy notwithstanding the fact that such Treaty has not been ratified by the United States. The United States, in availing itself of the rights and advantages stipulated in the provisions of that Treaty, will do so in a manner consistent with the rights accorded to Bulgaria under such provisions.

Article II

With a view to defining more particularly the obligations of Bulgaria under the foregoing Article with respect to certain provisions in the Treaty of Neuilly, it is understood and agreed between the High Contracting Parties:

That the rights and advantages stipulated in that Treaty for the benefit of the United States, which it is intended the United States shall have and enjoy, are those defined in Parts IV, VII, VIII, IX, /1, XI and XIII;
That the United States shall not be bound by the provisions of Part I of the Treaty of Neuilly, nor by any provisions of that Treaty including those mentioned in paragraph (1) of this Article, which relate to the Covenant of the League of Nations, nor shall the United States be bound by any action taken by the League of Nations, or by the Council or by the Assembly thereof, unless the United States shall expressly give its assent to such action;
That the United States assumes no obligations under or with respect to the provisions of Part II, Part III, Part VI and Part XII of that Treaty;
That, while Bulgaria consents to the participation of the United States in any and all Commissions established under that Treaty or any agreement supplemental thereto, the United States is not bound to participate in any such commission unless it shall elect to do so;
That the periods of time to which reference is made in Article 296 of the Treaty of Neuilly shall run, with respect to any act or election on the part of the United States, from the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty.

Article III

The present Treaty shall be ratified in accordance with the constitutional forms of the High Contracting Parties and shall take effect immediately on the exchange of ratifications which shall take place as soon as possible at Sofia.

In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed this Treaty and have hereunto affixed their seals.

  1. Text printed in S. Doc. 7, 67th Cong., 1st sess.
  2. Not printed.