Learn about the beta

List of Papers

[Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

GENERAL

Representation of the United States in the Peace Conference and Related International Bodies

representation on the supreme council (council of the heads of delegations) and the interim reparation commission (organization committee of the reparation commission)-refusal to participate in setting up commissions under the treaty of versailles-discontinuance of representation on the supreme economic council-departure of the american commission from paris, december 9, 1919-designation of ambassador wallace as observer on the supreme council, december 8; on the committee of ambassadors, january 9, 1920-unofficial representation on the reparation commission and the rhineland high commission

Date and number Subject Page
1919 July 4 (2960) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Organization of Council of Heads of Delegations (Supreme Council); appointment of commission to supervise execution of Treaty of Versailles and of committee to organize Reparation Commission (Interim Reparation Commission).
1
July 4 (2964) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Dulles to Baruch, Davis, etc.: First meeting of Interim Reparation Commission; authorization of conversations with Germans on reparations.
2
July 19 (2601) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Appointment of Polk as chairman of American Commission to Negotiate Peace.
3
July 20 (3235) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From White and Bliss: Difficulties in application of U.S. policy not to participate in setting up commissions until ratification of Treaty of Versailles; request for authority to make temporary selections.
3
July 28 (3374) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From White and Bliss: Question of appointment of permanent U.S. member of Inter-Allied High Commission of Rhenish Territories.
6
July 31 (3416) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk and Dulles: Necessity for immediate selection of U.S. members on commissions or withdrawal from participation in execution of treaty.
6
Aug. 28 (2980) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk and Dulles: U.S. decision not to participate in setting up of commissions under treaty, except unofficially, until U.S. ratification.
7
[Page XXII]Sept. 13 (4197) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Continued U.S. representation on Supreme Economic Council unnecessary, since activities are covered by Reparations Commission; withdrawal of Hoover and Dulles.
8
Sept. 16 (3139) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Discontinuance of U.S. representation on Supreme Economic Council.
9
Sept. 27 (4377) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: French view that ratification of treaty by 3 powers sufficient to enable Reparation Commission to function without U.S. participation; Woolsey’s opinion; recommendation for unofficial representation, pending U.S. ratification.
9
Oct. 4 (3343) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Reservation of opinion as to adequacy of 3-power ratification without U.S. participation. Appointment of Rathbone as financial adviser to American Commission.
12
Oct. 13 (3409) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Concurrence in Woolsey’s view and approval of U.S. unofficial representation.
12
Oct. 16 (4692) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Appointment of Committee to Coordinate Interpretation and Execution of Clauses of Treaty.
14
Oct. 18 (3482) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Inquiries regarding Committee on Coordination.
15
Oct. 19 (4737) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Resolution of Supreme Council (text printed) providing for participation in action of commissions pending ratification of treaty.
15
Oct. 22 (3528) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Nonparticipation of U.S. representatives in actions of commissions except as unofficial observers.
16
Oct. 25 (4826) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Membership of Committee on Coordination; proposal to extend scope of Committee.
16
Nov. 5 (3675) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Advice regarding his departure from Paris.
17
Nov. 6 (5040) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Request for extension of time in Paris in which to settle matters pending.
17
Nov. 7 (5071) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Plans for departure of American Commission from Paris about Dec. 1.
18
Nov. 8 (3704) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Permission to remain in Paris until Dec. 1.
18
[Page XXIII]Nov. 8 (3709) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Authorization for return of American Commission about Dec. 1.
19
Nov. 8 (3706) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Importance of maintaining original scope of Committee on Coordination.
19
Nov. 14 (5187) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Inquiry regarding disposition of unfinished business after departure of American Commission.
19
Nov. 18 (3801) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Instructions, to bring to a close American Commission to Conference to Negotiate Peace.
21
Nov. 27 (3906) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Instructions to withdraw U.S. representatives on all commissions except Reparation Commission; disposition of unfinished business.
21
Nov. 28 (3915) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Continuance of unofficial representation on Interim Reparation Commission.
23
Nov. 30 (5492) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Position of American Commission regarding execution of treaty; recommendations for disposition of unfinished business.
23
Dec. 2 (3941) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Final instructions regarding departure of American Commission from Paris.
26
Dec. 5 (5557) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Arrangements for departure of American Commission on Dec. 9.
26
Dec. 5 (3975) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Instructions and inquiries regarding U.S. representation on certain commissions.
26
Dec. 8 (9279) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Designation as U.S. observer on Supreme Council; authorization to sign Hungarian and Rumanian minority treaties.
28
Dec. 12 (3524) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
His unofficial attendance at conference at Downing Street.
28
Dec. 13 (3533) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Formula of agreement (text printed) reached by British and French at London regarding Peace Conference.
28
Dec. 18 (9366) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions regarding his position as observer on Supreme Council.
29
Dec. 26 (9424) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Instructions concerning U.S. unofficial representation on Reparation Commission.
30
[Page XXIV]Dec. 27 (9434) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Authorization for unofficial participation in discussions of permanent Reparation Commission on subjects concerning the United States.
30
Dec. 27 (1933) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Inquiry whether Supreme Council should be asked to delay action on measures affecting the United States pending receipt of Department’s instructions.
31
Dec. 30 (9463) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to request Supreme Council to delay action on measures affecting the United States, pending receipt of Department’s instructions.
31
Dec. 30 (9465) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to inform Supreme Council that action taken without U.S. approval should be worded to indicate clearly which powers have participated.
31
1920 Jan. 7 (57) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Request for instructions regarding attendance at meetings of Committee of Ambassadors.
32
Jan. 9 (61) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
His designation as unofficial observer on Committee of Ambassadors.
32
Jan. 9 (71) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
U.S. policy regarding jurisdiction over part of Rhineland occupied by U.S. troops.
32
Jan. 18 (179) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Expectation that Supreme Council will adjourn and that Committee of Ambassadors will handle unfinished business.
33
Jan. 24 (185) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to U.S. representatives regarding cooperation with Rhineland High Commission.
34
Jan. 31 (326) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Creation and duties of Committee of Ambassadors.
35

The First International Labor Conference

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Aug. 11 To the Diplomatic Representatives in Certain Countries (tel.)
Instructions to present to government to which accredited invitation (text printed) to first meeting of International Labor Conference to be held at Washington Oct. 29.
35
Aug. 11 To the Argentine Ambassador
Information regarding arrangements for attending Labor Conference.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis to all foreign diplomatic representatives except those of Mexico, Russia, and the Dominican Republic.)
36
[Page XXV]

Preparations for the Second Pan American Financial Conference

Date and number Subject Page
1919 May 24 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to convey invitation to Government to participate in Second Pan American Financial Conference, Jan. 12, 1920, and U.S. ideas regarding personnel of delegation.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to representatives in all other Latin American countries.)
37
July 3 To the Ambassador in Brazil
Instructions to transmit note from Secretary of Treasury to Brazilian Minister of Finance, enclosing tentative program for Conference (texts printed).
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to representatives in all other Latin American countries.)
37
Sept. 25 To Diplomatic Representatives in All Latin American Countries (tel.)
Instructions to inform government to which accredited that expenses of delegates attending Conference will be defrayed by the United States during their stay in Washington.
41

Conventions for the Establishment of an International Gold-Clearance Fund

Date and number Subject Page
1919 July 16 To the Chargé in Bolivia
Instructions to present draft of proposed convention (text printed) to establish international gold-clearance fund.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to representatives in certain other Latin American countries.)
42

Conventions for Facilitating the Work of Traveling Salesmen

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Aug. 27 Convention between the United States and Uruguay
Text of convention.
(Similar conventions concluded with certain other Latin American countries.)
45

Abrogation of Treaties and Provisions of Treaties Which Conflicted with the Seamen’s Act of March 4, 1915

norway: withdrawal of denunciation of treaty of july 4, 1827, except as to articles 13 and 14, terminated as of july 1, 1916

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 7 From the Norwegian Minister
Proposal for postponement of U.S. denunciation of Treaty of Commerce and Navigation of July 4, 1827, with Norway, except as to certain articles, until new treaty can be concluded.
47
Jan. 24 (397) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Inquiry as to views on temporary withdrawal of denunciation of treaty with Norway; also of similar treaty with Spain.
49
[Page XXVI]Jan. 31 (520) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Continuation of treaties with Norway and Spain desirable.
50
Feb. 1 To the Norwegian Minister
Legal objections to postponement of termination of treaty for 3-month periods; withdrawal of denunciation of treaty except as to articles 13 and 14.
50
Feb. 1 From the Norwegian Minister
Acknowledgment of U.S. withdrawal of denunciation of treaty except as to articles 13 and 14.
51
Feb. 4 (672) To the Minister in Norway (tel.)
Information regarding withdrawal of denunciation of treaty except as to articles 13 and 14.
52
Feb. 27 To the Norwegian Minister
Articles 13 and 14 of treaty were terminated July 1, 1916, by provisions of Seamen’s Act.
53
Apr. 9 From the Norwegian Minister
Norway agrees to consider articles 13 and 14 of treaty as terminated on July 1, 1916.
53

spain: withdrawal of denunciation of the treaty of july 13, 1902, except as to articles 23 and 24, terminated as of july 1, 1916; understanding with respect to spanish transport taxes and american income tax

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Feb. 12 (104) From the Spanish Ambassador
Proposal for cancelation of U.S. denunciation of Treaty of Friendship and General Relations of July 3, 1902, with Spain, and abrogation of articles 23 and 24 instead.
54
Apr. 2 From the Spanish Ambassador
Request that withdrawal of denunciation of treaty be effected as soon as possible.
54
Apr. 8 (2116) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to present note to Foreign Minister (text printed) stating that U.S. withdrawal of denunciation of treaty is conditional upon formal assurances with respect to Spanish transport tax and American income tax.
55
Apr. 21 (5–02) From the Spanish Ambassador
Request for extension of time in order that consideration may be given conditions imposed.
57
Apr. 24 (1011) To the Spanish Ambassador
Legal objections to postponement of termination of treaty.
58
May 3 (2622) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Proposition submitted by Spain (text printed) in regard to conditions imposed by the United States.
59
[Page XXVII]May 6 (2156) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to present note to Foreign Minister (text printed) withdrawing denunciation of treaty, subject to certain conditions, except as to parts of articles 23 and 24 in conflict with Seamen’s Act.
60
May 11 (2635) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Spanish reply (text printed) accepting conditions for withdrawal of denunciation of treaty, with certain reservations, and recapitulating conditions.
61
June 13 (2199) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to present note to Foreign Office (text printed) making representations regarding Spanish reservations and confirming withdrawal.
64
Sept. 5 (2255) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to request reply to U.S. representations, if not already received.
66
Sept. 7 (2778) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Spanish reply (text printed) to U.S. representations, setting forth understanding with respect to Spanish transport taxes and American income tax.
66

Sweden: termination of the treaty of july 4, 1827, on february 4, 1919, continuance of the convention of june 1, 1910

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 20 (551) To the Minister in Sweden
Request for copy of Legation’s note to Foreign Office regarding abrogation of articles 11 and 12 of treaty of June 1, 1910, with Sweden, pursuant to provisions of Seamen’s Act, and for copy of Swedish reply.
67
Dec. 31 To the Attorney General
Notification that treaty of June 1, 1910, with Sweden will remain in force until Mar. 18, 1921.
67
1919 Jan. 28 (1557) From the Minister in Sweden
Legation’s note of Feb. 4, 1918, to Foreign Office denouncing Treaty of Friendship and Commerce of July 4, 1827, and acknowledgment by Foreign Office (texts printed).
68
Mar. 14 (574) To the Minister in Sweden
Correspondence forwarded refers to treaty of July 4, 1827, with Sweden, while that requested refers to treaty of June 1, 1910.
69
Oct. 21 (1824) From the Minister in Sweden
Legation’s note of June 21, 1915 (text printed), notifying Sweden of U.S. intention to abrogate articles 11 and 12 of treaty of June 1, 1910, and proposing that an arrangement be made effecting this.
70
[Page XXVIII]1915 Oct. 18 From the Swedish Minister
Swedish understanding of U.S. note as announcement of intention to abrogate articles 11 and 12 of treaty of June 1, 1910, at end of 10-year period for which treaty was concluded.
70
1919 Nov. 25 (619) To the Chargé in Sweden
Instructions to report whether note was addressed by Legation to Foreign Office regarding abrogation of articles 13 and 14 of treaty of 1827.
72
1920 Feb. 6 (1876) From the Minister in Sweden
No note sent Sweden regarding abrogation of articles 13 and 14 of treaty of 1827 until Feb. 4, 1918, when notice was given of date of termination of treaty.
73

Boundary Disputes

colombia and panama: withdrawal of president porras from the controversy

Date and number Subject Page
1919 July 23 From the Acting President of Panama
Panaman boundary claims; anxiety concerning terms of Colombian treaty.
73
Nov. 13 (692) To the Minister in Panama
Statement of U.S. position regarding boundary dispute between Colombia and Panama, enclosing U.S. notes of Aug. 26, 1907, to Colombia, and of May 14, 1908, to Panama (texts printed); instructions to suggest to Acting President of Panama that he withdraw his claims.
74
1920 Jan. 10 From the Acting President of Panama
Panaman withdrawal of boundary claims.
79

colombia and peru: good offices of the united states for the continuance of negotiations-colombia and venezuela: good offices of the united states in negotiations

Date and number Subject Page
1919 June 18 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to intimate to Peruvian Foreign Minister that present is opportune time for frontier negotiations with Colombia.
80
June 25 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Suggestion regarding frontier negotiations presented to Foreign Minister.
80
Aug. 8 (113) From the Minister in Colombia
Colombian request for U.S. good offices in negotiations with Peru and Venezuela regarding questions of frontier and commerce.
81
[Page XXIX]Sept. 17 (193) To the Chargé in Peru
Instructions to discuss with Foreign Minister continuation of negotiations with Colombia on boundary dispute.
82
Sept. 17 (490) To the Minister in Venezuela
Instructions to discuss with Foreign Minister continuation of negotiations with Colombia for settlement of all questions covered by convention of Nov. 3, 1916, in addition to those to be decided by Swiss arbitration.
82
Oct. 28 (413) From the Chargé in Peru
Status of negotiations between Peru and Colombia regarding boundary dispute.
83
Dec. 6 (1839) From the Minister in Venezuela
Desire of Venezuela for settlement of all questions covered by convention of Nov. 3, 1916.
83
Dec. 15 (200) To the Chargé in Peru
Instructions to use good offices with Peru in effecting settlement of boundary dispute directly with Colombia.
84

guatemala and honduras: good offices of the united states in averting conflicts and furthering negotiations; conference between special missions at washington, opened may 20, 1918; request of the special missions that the secretary of state suggest a basis of settlement; economic survey of the disputed area and report, october 16, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Jan. 6 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Acceptance of neutral zone in disputed area by Honduras and Guatemala and consent to withdraw troops therefrom.
85
Jan. 7 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Information concerning boundary dispute; request for Department’s wishes regarding renewal of representations for boundary treaty.
85
Jan. 8 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran request for U.S. good offices regarding reported aggression by Guatemala and interference with construction of Cuyamel Railroad.
85
Jan. 9 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against advance into Honduras; dispatch of U.S. warship to Honduras to report conditions.
86
Jan. 9 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to continue to urge upon Guatemala desirability of concluding boundary treaty.
86
Jan. 9 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister of desirability of withdrawing troops in accordance with proposition agreed to; request for date of completion of withdrawal.
86
[Page XXX]Jan. 9 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
U.S. willingness to exercise good offices to secure withdrawal of Guatemalan forces when Honduras carries out its part of agreement.
87
Jan. 10 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemalan order for withdrawal of troops and demand for answer from Honduras as to whether negotiations will be continued; Guatemalan and Honduran views concerning arbitration.
87
Jan. 11 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Agreement not to inject concessionary rights into boundary dispute; Guatemalan interference with Cuyamel Fruit Co.
89
Jan. 14 From the Chargé in Guatemala
Guatemalan claim that terms of protocol have been fulfilled; desire to conclude boundary treaty; activities of Cuyamel Fruit Co.
89
Jan. 16 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemalan suggestion that the United States set date for withdrawal of troops from disputed zone and that Cuyamel advance be stopped.
91
Jan. 17 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to report Honduras’ intentions regarding withdrawal of troops.
91
Jan. 20 From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran desire for establishment of temporary neutral zone and for U.S. mediation.
91
Jan. 22 (454) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Existing situation in regard to Guatemalan-Honduran boundary dispute.
92
Jan. 22 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Impossibility of discussing concessionary rights until determination of boundary line. Date to be set for withdrawal of troops.
93
Jan. 28 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemalan willingness to withdraw troops on date set and not to intrude matters of concessionary rights.
93
Jan. 29 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Arming of Cuyamel laborers. Departure of Guatemalan representatives from Honduras and recall of Honduran Minister.
94
Jan. 29 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to Guatemala regarding reported blocking of Cuyamel Railroad and holding up of construction.
94
Jan. 29 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U.S. invitation to Guatemala to send special plenipotentiary to Washington to consummate boundary treaty with Honduras.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Minister in Honduras.)
95
[Page XXXI]Feb. 2 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Reconsideration of Cuyamel question by Guatemala; request for information regarding scope of work of Cuyamel Co.
95
Feb. 8 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Acceptance by Guatemala of invitation to send special plenipotentiary to Washington.
96
Feb. 9 From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Appointment of Honduran special plenipotentiary.
96
Feb. 12 To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Expediency of early departure of special plenipotentiary; necessity for immediate withdrawal of troops.
96
Feb. 12 To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Expediency of early departure of special plenipotentiary; necessity for immediate withdrawal of troops.
97
Feb. 14 From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that Honduran troops have been withdrawn; plans for early departure of special plenipotentiary.
97
Feb. 20 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Willingness of Guatemala to cooperate in amicable settlement of boundary dispute; repetition of inquiries regarding scope of Cuyamel operations.
97
Mar. 1 To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Honduran troops reported withdrawn; special plenipotentiary to be sent to Washington Mar. 1. Instructions to urge Guatemala to do likewise.
98
Apr. 24 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Personnel and date of arrival at New Orleans of Guatemalan special mission.
98
Dec. 3 To the Chiefs of the Guatemalan and Honduran Special Missions
Proposal for topographic and economic surveys of disputed area.
99
1919 Feb. 5 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to present memorandum to President (text printed) proposing arrangement for policing Cuyamel district pending settlement of boundary dispute.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Minister in Honduras.)
100
Mar. 20 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
U.S. proposal to begin economic survey, in which Guatemala has consented to join.
102
Apr. 5 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran assurance of cooperation in economic survey.
103
Apr. 16 To the Chief of the Guatemalan Special Mission
Honduran approval of economic survey; organization of surveying expedition by the United States.
103
Apr. 22 From the Chief of the Guatemalan Special Mission
Assurance of Guatemala’s full cooperation with surveying expedition.
104
[Page XXXII]Apr. 28 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Personnel and sailing date of surveying expedition; facilities extended.
(Sent also to the Minister in Honduras.)
105
June 25 From the Executive of the Guatemala-Honduras Economic Survey
Preliminary report of surveying expedition in disputed territory.
106
Sept. 5 From the Executive of the Guatemala-Honduras Economic Survey
Summary of report on economic survey, with recommendations.
107
Oct. 16 From the President of the American Geographical Society
Submission of report on economic survey; comments.
113

honduras and nicaragua: good offices of the united states in maintaining the agreed status quo of 1918—charges of violations of status quo

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Sept. 24 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaragua’s compliance with agreement relative to territory disputed by Honduras and Nicaragua.
114
Dec. 21 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to make inquiry regarding Nicaraguan charge of violation of agreement by Honduras.
115
1919 Jan. 2 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Representations to Honduras against violation of agreed status quo; countercharges against Nicaragua.
116
Jan. 8 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Honduras charged with building road and telegraph line on Nicaraguan territory; arrest of workmen ordered.
116
Jan. 8 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to request Honduras to cease construction of telegraph line in disputed area pending decision regarding boundary.
117
Jan. 14 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Claim of Honduras that telegraph construction is far from disputed territory and that Nicaragua is violating status quo.
117
Jan. 14 To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
U.S. apprehension as to results of proposed arrest of Hon-duran workmen even though on Nicaraguan territory.
118
Feb. 13 To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to investigate basis for Honduran protest against Nicaraguan concessions and woodcutting in territory claimed by Honduras.
118
Feb. 18 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan message sent to Honduras, Jan. 28, stating that Gutierrez Pena timber concession has been annulled.
118
[Page XXXIII]Nov. 13 Department Memorandum
Background of boundary dispute; steps toward resumption of mediation.
119
Nov. 28 From the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran refusal to remove telegraph office, alleging violations of agreed status quo by Nicaragua.
120
Dec. 1 To the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to investigate basis for Nicaraguan protest to Honduras against violation of status quo as to telegraph construction, etc.
120
Dec. 4 From the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Agreement of Honduras to remove telegraph line provided Nicaraguans cease timber cutting.
121
Dec. 11 To the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to Honduras against construction of telegraph lines on disputed territory.
121
Dec. 11 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to Nicaragua against cutting of timber on disputed territory.
121
Dec. 17 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaragua denies cutting timber on disputed territory and protests Honduran aggressions.
122
Dec. 26 From the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions given by Honduran Government for removal of telegraph office in disputed zone.
122
Dec. 29 To the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to investigate reported presence of Honduran troops on Nicaraguan frontier.
122
Dec. 31 From the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Explanations regarding presence of Honduran soldiers on frontier.
123

The Tacna-Arica Question

expulsion of the peruvian consul from iquique, november 24, 1918—withdrawal of peruvian consuls from chile—offer of good offices of the united states for a solution of the disputes, december 4; suggestions that south american governments support this action-acceptance of “mediation” by peru; noncommittal reply of chile—action of south american governments

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Apr. 24 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Information that no action is being taken by Chile and Peru regarding Tacna-Arica dispute.
123
Nov. 9 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Tacna-Arica question is becoming acute.
123
[Page XXXIV]Nov. 21 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Request for information relating to Tacna-Arica question. (Sent also to the Ambassador in Chile.)
124
Nov. 25 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Reported outrages against Peruvians in Iquique; expulsion of Peruvian consul; withdrawal of all Peruvian consular officers from Chile.
124
Nov. 25 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Report on Iquique incident.
124
Nov. 27 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Chilean authorization for withdrawal of consuls from Peru; prohibition of hostile demonstrations in Peru.
125
Nov. 28 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Request that U.S. consular officers in Peru take charge of Chilean consular interests.
125
Dec. 1 From the Chargé in Bolivia (tel.)
Desire of Bolivia for Pacific port; suggestion for settlement of dispute between Peru and Chile by cession of Arica to Bolivia.
125
Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to present statement to President (text printed) informing him that the United States deplores severance of consular relations between Chile and Peru and offers good offices.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Minister in Peru.) U.S. refusal to take charge of Chilean consular interests in Peru.
126
Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Request that Argentina counsel moderation in actions of Chile and Peru, pending settlement of difficulties.
127
Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request that Brazil counsel moderation in actions of Chile and Peru, pending settlement of difficulties.
128
Dec. 5 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Favorable reception of U.S. request for Argentine good offices with Chile and Peru.
128
Dec. 6 To the Ministers in Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Uruguay (tel.)
Instructions to request government to which accredited to counsel moderation in actions of Chile and Peru, pending settlement of difficulties.
129
Dec. 6 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Favorable reception by Peru of U.S. note offering good offices, and desire to publish it.
130
Dec. 7 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Argentine assurance of cooperation with the United States in offering good offices to Chile and Peru.
130
[Page XXXV]Dec. 8 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
No objection to publication of U.S. proposal of good offices.
131
Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
No objection to publication of U.S. proposal of good offices, if desired.
131
Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to inform Argentina that various South American countries have given favorable reception to U.S. proposal regarding good offices to Chile and Peru.
132
Dec. 9 From the Peruvian Legation
Acceptance of U.S. offer of “mediation”.
132
Dec. 9 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Suggestion of Foreign Minister that Argentina, the United States, and one other South American country conjointly propose that Chile and Peru accept mediation.
133
Dec. 9 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Chile’s noncommittal reply (text printed) to U.S. offer of assistance in solution of difficulties with Peru.
134
Dec. 10 (392) From the Minister in Paraguay
Assurance of cooperation of Paraguay; suggestion for convening of a Pan American congress.
135
Dec. 10 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Desire of Ecuador to delay giving counsel to Chile and Peru, because of Peruvian-Ecuadoran boundary dispute.
136
Dec. 10 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Chile’s objection to term “mediation” as used in Argentine offer.
136
Dec. 11 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Chilean attitude toward Argentine offer of mediation.
137
Dec. 12 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Denial by Argentina of use of term “mediation” in note to Chile.
137
Dec. 12 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to intimate to Chile that term “mediation” was not used in U.S. suggestion to Argentina.
138
Dec. 12 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Delay by Chile of action on U.S. offer until explanations are received from Argentina.
139
Dec. 15 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Statement of Foreign Minister in Chamber of Deputies on favorable reception given U.S. offer; transmittal to Department of Foreign Minister’s telegram to Ambassador in Washington (text printed).
140
Dec. 19 (234) To the Peruvian Minister
U.S. offer of good offices did not include term “mediation”.
141
[Page XXXVI]Dec. 21 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Inquiry regarding reply to U.S. proposal that Brazil advise Chile and Peru to pursue policy of moderation.
142
Dec. 23 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Brazil had already taken steps along line of U.S. proposal.
142
1919 Jan. 13 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Suggested negotiations for settlement of Tacna-Arica question; Foreign Minister’s attitude.
142
Jan. 14 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Desire of Ecuador further to delay giving counsel in difficulty between Chile and Peru, because of Peruvian-Ecuadoran boundary dispute.
143
Jan. 20 From the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Uruguayan offer to act as intermediary for direct settlement of differences between Chile and Peru. Peru’s reply.
143

special investigation of incidents in the disputed provinces by the united states consul at la paz—projects for a settlement of the dispute by compromise or by arbitration

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 2 To the Consul at La Paz (tel.)
Instructions to proceed to Arica and Iquique to investigate treatment of Peruvians by local Chilean authorities.
144
Jan. 15 From the Consul at La Paz, Temporarily at Arica (tel.)
Verification of reports of mob violence against Peruvians in Tacna and Arica; tacit permission of officials; details.
144
Jan. 20 (56) From the British Chargé
British proposal of terms for settlement of Tacna-Arica question.
145
Jan. 21 From the Bolivian Minister
Need of Bolivia for Pacific port; basis of claims to Tacna and Arica.
146
Jan. 23 Department Memorandum
Discussion of Tacna-Arica question by Acting Secretary of State and Peruvian Minister, the former discouraging appeal to Peace Conference.
148
Jan. 24 From the Consul at La Paz, Temporarily at Iquique (tel.)
Report of investigation at Pisagua and Iquique on ill-treatment of Peruvians by Chileans; details concerning expulsion of Peruvian consul.
149
Jan. 25 Department Memorandum
Interview of Acting Secretary of State with Chilean Ambassador and Edwards, Chilean Minister to Great Britain, on Chilean-Peruvian question.
150
Jan. 29 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister of substance of report of consul at La Paz on conditions in Arica and Iquique.
150
[Page XXXVII]Feb. 11 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Reaction of Foreign Minister to information concerning reported conditions in Arica and Iquique.
150
Feb. 12 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
For Robbins: Information and instructions concerning suggestion by Edwards for arbitration by Great Britain through U.S. good offices.
151
Feb. 21 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to bring to attention of Foreign Minister fact that reported actions against Peruvians in Arica and Iquique are not calculated to produce favorable world opinion.
151
Feb. 26 From the Consul at La Paz, Temporarily at Iquique (tel.)
Improvement in conditions at Iquique.
152
Feb. 27 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Improvement in situation in northern Chile; scarcity of work considered cause of trouble.
152
Mar. 5 (977) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Suggested means of dealing with Chilean-Peruvian question; President Wilson’s decision in favor of pressing for U.S. and European arbitration.
153
Mar. 14 (1159) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Stabler to Robbins in Santiago: Instructions to obtain intimation from Edwards as to Chilean attitude toward arbitration by the United States, Great Britain, and France.
153
Mar. 14 (1166) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Concurrence in views regarding arbitration of Chilean-Peruvian question; proposed course of action.
154
Mar. 19 (1204) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Inadvisability of approaching Great Britain and France at present with regard to arbitration.
154
Mar. 19 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Robbins to Stabler in Paris: Encouraging interview with Edwards on Chilean-Peruvian question.
155
Mar. 25 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Edwards commissioned to take up with President Wilson the Tacna-Arica question and bring about settlement.
155
Mar. 28 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Proposal of Edwards to urge renewal of President Wilson’s offer of good offices; statement of terms.
156
Apr. 30 (1874) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Desire of President Wilson for arbitration of Tacna-Arica dispute under Covenant of League of Nations.
157
May 9 (1911) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing and Stabler: Objections to applying services of League of Nations in advance of ratification by Chile and the United States; Chilean plan to be presented to Department.
157
[Page XXXVIII]May 21 (2190) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Concurrence of President Wilson in view that it is inadvisable to suggest submission of question to League in advance of adoption of League.
159
June 28 (2863) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Stabler: Discussion of Tacna-Arica question between American Commission and Yanez, Chilean representative; latter advised to take up matter with Department.
159
July 2 (2924) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Intimation by Yanez that Chile prefers negotiation with Peru through U.S. good offices rather than submission to League.
160
July 29 (3387) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Postponement of Tacna-Arica negotiations because of change of government in Peru.
160
Oct. 6 From the Chargé in Bolivia (tel.)
Chile’s alleged promise to grant Bolivia a port upon settlement of controversy with Peru.
160
Oct. 20 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Reported mobilization along southern border of Peru as demonstration against Chile.
161
Oct. 23 To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Inquiries regarding truth of reported mobilization by Peru on southern border.
161
Oct. 27 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Movement of Chilean Fleet to northern ports as precaution.
161
Oct. 30 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office that there is no mobilization by Peru on Chilean border nor any contemplated.
161
Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Denial by Foreign Ministry that Chile has given Bolivia an extension of land north of Arica for seaport.
162
Nov. 12 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Denial by Bolivia, in response to Peruvian inquiry, of agreement with Chile granting port.
162
Nov. 26 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Peru’s orders that troops take no action which could give excuse for aggressive movement on part of Chile.
162
[Page XXXIX]

Oil Development

circular instructions calling for reports on legislation and concessions in foreign countries—discussion of the public lands leasing bill

Date and number Subject Page
1919 May 31 (672) To Certain Consular Officers
Instructions to submit report on mineral resources and legal restrictions, including those imposed on aliens, in granting concessions and operating mines in country to which accredited.
163
May 31 To the Consul at Tegucigalpa
Instructions to report conditions which will affect development of petroleum resources by foreigners.
(Sent also to consular officers in certain other countries.)
166
June 20 (56) To the Consul at Guatemala
Instructions to investigate development of oil fields in his district.
(Sent also to consular officers in certain other countries.)
166
Aug. 16 To Diplomatic and Consular Officers
Instructions to obtain certain data concerning mineral-oil industry in country to which accredited and to lend aid to interests of U.S. citizens.
167
Oct. 17 To Certain Consular Officers (tel.)
Instructions to send information on petroleum if full report not possible.
168
Nov. 6 (805) From the British Appointed Ambassador
Discussion of Senate debate on Public Lands Leasing Bill, involving criticisms of British policy regarding petroleum; request for elimination or amendment of “Aliens Clause” of bill.
168
Dec. 20 To the British Appointed Ambassador
Desire for reciprocity is basis for Public Lands Leasing Bill.
171

ARGENTINA

Concession to the Central & South American Telegraph Co. for a Cable Connecting Buenos Aires and Montevideo; Protests by the Western Telegraph Co.; Authorization to Open Service, December 18, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 10 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
British protest against Argentine concession to Central & South American Telegraph Co. for cable connecting Buenos Aires and Montevideo, charging infringement of rights of Western Telegraph Co., and request for annulment of presidential decree.
172
1919 Jan. 14 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to inform Argentina of U.S. interest in extension of cables of Central & South American Telegraph Co. from Buenos Aires to Montevideo.
173
[Page XL]Jan. 18 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Reaction of Foreign Minister to British protest; delay in signing of contract for laying cable due to company’s objections to certain terms.
173
Apr. 16 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Continued protests by British; legal opinion of U.S. Ambassador as requested by Foreign Minister.
174
July 22 From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Contract signed for laying of cable authorized by Argentine concession of Aug. 1, 1918.
174
Aug. 23 From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Petition of Western Telegraph Co. to Argentine Congress protesting concession and requesting its nullification.
174
Aug. 30 Report of the Consul General at Buenos Aires
Executive decree of July 21, 1919 (text printed), regarding concession for cable from Buenos Aires to Montevideo.
175
Dec. 5 From the President of the Central & South American Telegraph Co.
Cablegrams from company’s vice president and reply (texts printed) regarding protest of Western Telegraph Co. and difficulties encountered in securing permit for opening cable to public.
178
Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Inquiry and instructions regarding delay in signing of decree.
180
Dec. 16 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Assurance that only routine of getting signatures of Departments causes delay in opening cable.
181
1920 Jan. 19 (1040) From the Ambassador in Argentina
Executive decree of Dec. 18, 1919 (text printed), authorizing operation of cable of Central & South American Co.; opposition of President to monopoly concession given Western Telegraph Co.
181
Feb. 21 (48) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Authorization for Central & South American Co. to establish two additional cables between Buenos Aires and Montevideo.
183

AUSTRIA

Reopening of Trade, April 2, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 29 (7917) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For War Trade Board: Authorization by Supreme War Council for publication of notice regarding restoration of trade relations with German Austria.
184
[Page XLI]Apr. 2 (679) Notice Issued by the War Trade Board
Resumption of trade with German Austria, subject to certain regulations and restrictions.
184

Appointment of an American Commissioner, May 15, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 May 2 (1921) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Desire of Coolidge to be relieved as representative at Vienna of American Commission; suggestion for Consul General Coffin as successor.
187
May 7 (1888) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Suggestion that Coffin or Halstead, consul general at Stockholm, succeed Coolidge.
187
May 10 (2073) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Approval of either Halstead or Coffin as successor to Coolidge.
188
May 15 To the Consul General at Stockholm (tel.)
Notice to proceed to Vienna as successor to Coolidge.
188
Nov. 17 (3794) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Halstead: Notice to continue as U.S. commissioner until sending of diplomatic and consular representatives to Vienna.
188

BELGIUM

Visit of the King and Queen of the Belgians to the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1919 July 23 (294) From the Minister in Belgium (tel.)
For the President: Plan of the King and Queen of the Belgians to visit the United States.
189
July 26 (463) To the Minister in Belgium (tel.)
Instructions to convey to the King and Queen of the Belgians the President’s invitation (text printed) to visit the United States.
189
July 28 (300) From the Minister in Belgium (tel.)
For the President: The King’s acceptance of the President’s invitation.
190
Sept. 29 Rear Admiral Long to the Secretary of the Navy (tel.)
For Lansing: The King is agreeable to making tour of the United States before visiting the President at Washington in view of illness of latter.
190
Oct. 31 (535) To the Chargé in Belgium (tel.)
Account of reception given at Washington to the King and Royal Party, to be given publicity.
190
[Page XLII]

BRAZIL

Concessions to the Central & South American Telegraph Co. for Cables Connecting Brazil with Cuba and Uruguay; Opposition by the Western Telegraph Co.

Date and number Subject Page
1919 June 4 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to assist representative of Central & South American Telegraph Co. in negotiations with Brazil.
193
June 21 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Obstacles encountered by Central & South American Co. in cable construction to Cuba and Uruguay; instructions to urge their removal by Brazil.
193
June 23 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Suggested course of action concerning registration of concessions of Central & South American Co.
194
July 1 (1517) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Note to Foreign Office (text printed) requesting assistance in securing concession for Central & South American Co. for cables from Brazil to Uruguay, and in obtaining registration of concession for cables between Brazil and Cuba.
195
July 1 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Suggestion that steps be taken in London to remove opposition of Western Telegraph Co. to proposed American cables.
200
July 18 (5684) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to confer with Foreign Office regarding opposition of Western Telegraph Co.
200
Aug. 2 (1528) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Granting of cable concession to French company; significance.
201
Aug. 13 (2783) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Statement of president of Western Telegraph Co. defending methods of his agents in South America. Recommendations.
202
Oct. 24 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian decree granting concession to Central & South American Co. for cable from Brazil to Uruguay.
203
Oct. 25 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian decree granting concession to Central & South American Co. for cable from Brazil to Cuba.
204
Dec. 2 From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Registration of Central & South American Co.’s concession for cable from Brazil to Uruguay.
204
Dec. 16 From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Registration of Central & South American Co.’s concession for cable from Brazil to Cuba.
204
[Page XLIII]

Proposal of British Firms for the Construction of a Naval Arsenal—Negotiations for American Participation

Date and number Subject Page
1918 May 31 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Proposal of Vickers-Armstrong, British firm, to construct shipyard, arsenal, and iron and steel plant in Brazil. Inquiry whether U.S. companies are interested.
204
June 24 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to inform Brazil of desire of U.S. shipyard constructors and steel manufacturers to submit plans and proposals.
205
July 22 (1324) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Draft contract between Brazilian Government and Vickers-Armstrong (text printed); further information concerning Vickers-Armstrong proposition and dangers of British monopoly.
206
July 23 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information that text of Vickers-Armstrong proposition has been forwarded.
213
Aug. 31 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Text of Vickers-Armstrong proposition given to Bethlehem and other American steel companies.
213
Dec. 10 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to inquire if Brazil would consider proposition of a U.S. company regarding steel project.
213
1919 Jan. 8 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Recommendation that negotiations be opened for combination between U.S. group and Vickers-Armstrong.
213
Feb. 13 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Assurance of Brazilian support of Anglo-American combination in preference to monopoly.
214
May 9 (1494) From the Ambassador in Brazil
Extract from Acting President’s message to Congress and of published statement of Minister of Marine relative to construction of new naval base (texts printed).
214
Aug. 16 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Inquiry regarding advisability of accepting offer to Bethlehem Steel of one-third interest or of trying to secure more.
217
Aug. 26 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Reply to inquiry regarding U.S. control dependent on opinion of Brazilian President regarding proportion in which interested nations should participate.
217
1920 June 12 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Contract for construction of Brazilian naval arsenal will be awarded after open competition; Armstrong-Bethlehem-Vick-ers group active.
218
[Page XLIV]

CANADA

Fisheries and Related Questions

negotiations for a convention, signed september 2, 1919, for the protection, preservation, and propagation of salmon—transmission to and withdrawal from the senate

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Feb. 24 (143) From the British Chargé
Proposal that draft regulations and substance of draft treaty between the United States and Great Britain for preservation of salmon fisheries be withheld from publication until they have been considered by both Governments and arrangements made for their publication.
219
Feb. 25 To the British Chargé
Assent of the United States to Canadian proposal, with suggestion that publication of terms of treaty be restricted to summary statement until text is accepted by both Governments.
220
Mar. 7 From the Washington State Fish Commissioner
Decision of State Legislature not to enact any fish legislation at this session.
221
Mar. 19 (213) From the British Ambassador
Précis of draft treaty and regulation (text printed) and request for U.S. approval of publication.
221
Mar. 21 To the British Ambassador
Draft of convention for conservation and propagation of sockeye salmon in U.S. and Canadian waters, submitted as basis for negotiation; request for early action.
223
Mar. 25 To the British Ambassador
Approval of précis and suggestion for publication date.
224
May 20 (365) From the British Chargé
Minute of Privy Council for Canada of May 6 (text printed) accepting U.S. draft of convention with certain modifications.
224
June 9 (356) To the British Chargé
No objection to proposed modifications except first amendment; suggested change in section VI of regulations.
226
June 18 To the British Chargé
Signing of treaty authorized by President and will take place upon acceptance of U.S. suggested changes.
227
June 21 (469) From the British Chargé
Acceptance of U.S. changes.
227
Aug. 25 (357) To the British Chargé
Request for written approval of minor changes included in final draft.
228
Aug. 29 (636) From the British Chargé
Canadian approval of minor changes.
229
Sept. 2 To President Wilson
Convention signed Sept. 2 (text printed), submitted for ratification.
229
Dec. 8 To Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
Request for suggestions regarding contemplated withdrawal of convention from Senate in order to renegotiate article II.
236
[Page XLV]Dec. 9 From Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
Desirability of withdrawing convention; points for consideration in new negotiations.
238
Dec. 9 From Senator Wesley L. Jones
Suggestion that provision be made in treaty for closed season on salmon fishing.
238
1920 Jan. 13 To President Wilson
Suggestion that convention be withdrawn for purpose of taking up with Great Britain revision of article II.
239

negotiations for a convention concerning port privileges of fishing vessels, lobster fishing, halibut fishing, and tariff on fresh fish—draft of october 24, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 15 To Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
Draft treaty between the United States and Great Britain concerning port privileges of U.S. and Canadian fishing vessels (text printed); request for views.
239
May 7 From Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
Letter from Representative Lufkin (text printed) concerning situation in Gloucester and attitude of people toward proposed treaty.
242
May 19 To the Secretary of Commerce
Inquiries and suggestions regarding recommendations contained in official report of the American-Canadian Fisheries Conference; request for views on tariff question.
243
June 30 From the Secretary of Commerce
Views of American members of Conference on certain fishery subjects, including tariff question.
247
July 25 (555) From the British Chargé
Minute of Privy Council for Canada of Mar. 11 (text printed) approving, subject to certain modifications, report of the Fisheries Conference; request for U.S. views.
251
July 30 To the British Chargé
Acknowledgment of receipt of note enclosing copy of approved Minute.
257
Sept. 30 From the Secretary of Commerce
Canadian approval of inclusion in treaty of reciprocal provision removing duty on fresh and frozen fish.
257
Oct. 27 To the Secretary of Commerce
Revised draft of Oct. 24 of U.S.-British treaty (text printed) concerning port privileges of fishing vessels, lobster and halibut fishing, and tariff on fresh fish; request for views.
258
Oct. 31 From the Secretary of Commerce
Approval of revised draft of Oct. 24.
263
[Page XLVI]Nov. 8 To Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
Request for views concerning revised draft of Oct. 24.
263
Nov. 10 From the British Appointed Ambassador
Minute of Privy Council for Canada of Sept. 27 (text printed) recommending removal of duty on frozen fish; request for U.S. approval.
264
Dec. 18 From Senator Wesley L. Jones
Objections to treaty.
266
Dec. 27 To the Secretary of Commerce
Request for views of Conference on Senator Jones’ objections to treaty.
268

CHINA

Political Affairs

report on political and economic conditions for the quarter ending december 31, 1918

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 10 (2583) From the Minister in China
Report on general political situation and economic conditions in China for quarter ending Dec. 31, 1918.
270

limitation of foreign financial assistance to china pending reunification; exception made by japan for the war participation loan—the internal peace conference at shanghai, opened february 20, 1919; demands of the southern delegation for cessation of hostilities and disbandment of the war participation army; adjournment of the conference, march 2

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 7 (2380) From the Minister in China
Extract from Peking Leader (text printed) on Japanese loan policy in China.
289
1919 Jan. 4 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity for urging immediate convening of Internal Peace Conference in view of delay in appointment of Southern delegates and question regarding Fukien and Shensi Provinces.
290
Jan. 10 (2446) From the Minister in China
Japanese willingness to join Associated Powers in refusing financial assistance, except War Participation loan, to contending factions, pending reunification of China.
291
Jan. 11 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity of financial support for China to effect demobilization and organization of public works; importance of completing arrangements for consortium.
293
[Page XLVII]Jan. 11 From the Minister in China (tel.)
View of Associated Ministers that circumstances necessitate immediate convocation of Peace Conference; also that Chinese Government is entitled to use surplus customs revenue.
294
Jan. 17 From the Minister in China (tel.)
No objections by diplomatic corps to release of surplus customs revenue for certain Government expenses; report that South has appointed delegates.
295
Jan. 20 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Approval of Minister’s action concerning Peace Conference and use of customs funds.
295
Feb. 1 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Possible stimulating effect on Chinese Peace Conference of cooperation between North and South delegates at Paris Peace Conference.
295
Feb. 10 (63) The Consul at Canton to the Minister in China
Items from newspapers and other sources indicating acceptance by North and South of suggested measures for settlement of Shensi and Fukien question; departure of Southern delegates for Conference.
295
Feb. 14 (2636) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Bulletin No. 4 of “Constitutional Government of China” (text printed) containing text of telegram to Peking government from chief delegate of South urging cessation of hostilities.
297
Feb. 18 To the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to make oral representations concerning U.S. apprehension in regard to Japanese War Participation loan to China.
298
Feb. 21 (2687) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
First session of Internal Peace Conference; personnel.
299
Feb. 24 (2548) From the Minister in China
Japanese continued financial support of Northern military party, and decision to discontinue supplying them with war materials.
299
Feb. 26 From the Minister in China (tel.)
French representations to General Tuan against resumption of civil war in China.
301
Feb. 27 From the Minister in China (tel.)
French Minister’s instructions to secure cooperation of U.S. and British Ministers in making representations.
301
Feb. 28 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Reply of Vice Minister Shidehara to oral representations concerning Japanese loan to China.
301
Mar. 3 (2760) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Bulletin No. 21 of “Constitutional Government of China” (text printed) containing correspondence between chief Southern delegate and Peking government concerning Shensi military situation and War Participation Bureau.
303
[Page XLVIII]Mar. 4 (2771) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Bulletin No. 22 of “Constitutional Government of China” (text printed) containing manifesto issued by the Southern delegation in explanation of present situation as regards Chinese Peace Conference and in justification of action of suspending Conference.
307

recommendation by the japanese, american, british, french, and italian representatives to the chinese government against drawing on the war participation loan, march 7—reply of the chinese government, march 15

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 7 (2572) From the Minister in China
Memorandum from Japanese Minister in China to British Minister regarding disbandment of War Participation Army, aide-mémoire of Associated representatives making representations to China against drawing on War Participation loan, and press summary of Sino-Japanese loan agreements (texts printed).
310
Mar. 7 (2792) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Note from chief delegate of North to chief delegate of South (text printed) requesting that peace negotiations be resumed immediately in view of cessation of hostilities in Shensi.
314
Mar. 7 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Proposed representations to China by Associated representatives against breach of armistice and increase of troops. Japanese attitude toward War Participation loan.
316
Mar. 7 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Office communiqué (text printed) which quotes Japanese note to China stating that delivery of arms is suspended and recommending that China refrain from drawing on loan.
317
Mar. 11 (2582) From the Minister in China
Further report on Internal Peace Conference and National Defense Bureau; difficulties in way of disbandment of troops; Japan’s continued support of Northern militarists.
317
Mar. 13 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japan’s objection to U.S. and Allied proposed action regarding War Participation Bureau, claiming policy of nonintervention in Chinese internal affairs.
321
Mar. 14 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Approval of action outlined in Minister’s Mar. 7, 1 p.m.
322
Mar. 25 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiries regarding British proposal for joint request for removal of military governor of Shensi.
322
Mar. 27 (2636) From the Minister in China
Influences in China which retard peace movement; Chinese aide-memoiré to U.S., French, and British representatives (text printed), stressing importance of noninterference in China’s internal affairs.
322
[Page XLIX]Mar. 29 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Associated representatives to await action by China in adjustment of Shensi matter.
327

report on political and economic conditions for the quarter ending march 31, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 June 6 (2821) From the Minister in China
Report on general political situation and economic conditions in China for quarter ending Mar. 31, 1919.
328

resumption of the internal peace conference, april 7—the eight demands of the southern delegation, may 13—disruption of the conference—memorandum of the american, british, french, italian, and japanese representatives urging resumption of the conference, presented june 5

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Apr. 7 (2939) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Resumption of Internal Peace Conference.
341
Apr. 12 (2681) From the Minister in China
War Participation Loan Agreement of Sept. 28, 1918, between China and Bank of Chosen (text printed) as published in Peking Leader.
342
May 13 From the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)
Disruption of Conference.
344
May 14 To the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)
Request for details regarding disruption of Conference.
344
May 16 From the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)
Causes for disruption of Conference; possibility of agreement on questions regarding army and financial reorganization.
344
May 16 (3107) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Bulletin No. 44 of “Constitutional Government of China” (text printed), containing ultimatum of Southern delegation, May 13, with explanations; views of Northern delegation.
345
May 17 (2748) From the Minister in China
Necessity for representative parliament in China; refusal of North to accept demands of South and recall of delegation; their efforts to influence Southern military leaders.
350
May 20 (3119) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Minister in China
Possibility of mediation between North and South. Foreign opinion that assistance of Allies is necessary for adjustment of internal troubles.
353
May 22 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Expectation of compromise between North and South. Proposed statement by Associated representatives urging peaceful settlement of difficulties.
353
[Page L]June 3 (2787) From the Minister in China
Memorandum of Associated representatives (text printed) to be presented June 5 to the President and Canton authorities urging resumption of Conference.
354
June 7 (2798) From the Minister in China
Report by British Minister at Peking (text printed) of an audience with the President concerning memorandum presented June 5.
355
June 7 (130) The Consul at Canton to the Minister in China
Reply of South (text printed) to memorandum presented June 5; editorial (text printed) from Canton Times criticizing action of Associated representatives.
357

report on political and economic conditions for the quarter ending june 30, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Sept. 10 (3001) From the Minister in China
Report on general political situation and economic conditions in China for quarter ending June 30, 1919.
359

report on political and economic conditions for the quarter ending september 30, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Nov. 22 (3096) From the Chargé in China
Report on general political situation and economic conditions for quarter ending Sept. 30, 1919.
375

failure of further attempts at resumption of the peace conference—project for reduction of the military forces

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 2 From the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)
Resignation of chief of Southern peace delegation.
394
Oct. 18 (3747) The Consul General at Shanghai to the Chargé in China
Status of internal peace negotiations; insistence of Southern delegation on publication of Chinese-Japanese treaties and loan negotiations and subsequent cancelation of the treaties.
394
Nov. 6 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Report that all Northern military governors have agreed to disband 20 percent of their forces.
395

report on political and economic conditions for the quarter ending december 31, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Sept. 1 (173) From the Minister in China
Report on general political situation and economic conditions for quarter ending Dec. 31, 1919.
395
[Page LI]

Organization of a New International Financial Consortium

resolutions and draft agreement adopted by a conference of bankers at paris, may 12, 1919—japanese reservations as to rights in southern manchuria and eastern inner mongolia; refusal of the other participating powers to admit such reservations-consideration of an american-british-french consortium-agreement of the united states to the exclusion of specific japanese enterprises from the consortium

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 18 To the American Group
Advisability of sending representative to China to investigate conditions and to consult with other banking groups regarding financial assistance to China.
420
Dec. 27 From the Minister in China (tel.)
British inability to participate in loan; request for information concerning arrangements by American group to carry British share; importance of early departure of American representative.
420
1919 Jan. 3 From the American Group
Decision to send representative, John Jay Abbott, to China to investigate financial conditions.
421
Jan. 4 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Willingness of American group to assist in carrying shares of British and French; request for information concerning assumption of office of Financial Adviser by Sakatani.
421
Jan. 17 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Necessity for immediate completion of international consortium for Chinese loans.
422
Jan. 31 (676) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Great Britain’s objection to international consortium on grounds that industrial monopoly would result; satisfactory explanation by Morgan.
422
Feb. 16 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
From Abbott: Japan’s informal approval of American plan for international consortium and inclusion of both political and industrial loans; necessity for Cabinet action.
423
Feb. 21 (4590) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Department has advised American group that certain details concerning loan agreements and surrender of options might be settled by four financial groups, with approval of respective Governments. Instructions to inform Government and request similar action.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris. Sent also to the Chargé in Japan with instructions to repeat to Peking for information.)
424
Mar. 10 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Prime Minister’s press statement (text printed) endorsing U.S.–Japanese relations in loan negotiations.
424
Mar. 11 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Japan’s acceptance of U.S. suggestion to intrust details concerning loans to financial groups.
425
[Page LII]Mar. 19 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Invitation to Japan to send representative to bankers’ conference in New York to arrange details of consortium operation.
425
Mar. 19 (432) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British note (text printed) declaring decision to authorize group to enter consortium, under conditions suggested by the United States, on understanding that the United States and Japan will carry British share, and accepting U.S. suggestion to intrust details concerning loans to financial groups.
426
Mar. 24 (221) From the British Embassy
Request for U.S. views concerning desire of Belgian group to participate in organization of new consortium.
428
Mar. 27 To the British Embassy
U.S. objection to admission of another national group to consortium at this time because it would cause delay in negotiations.
429
Mar. 27 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Necessity for Cabinet decision before acceptance of U.S. proposal for consortium; desire to consult Great Britain and France before authorizing participation in proposed bankers’ conference.
430
Mar. 29 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Unanimous opinion that early meeting of group representatives is necessary. Suggestion of date for meeting.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking for information. Sent also to the Ambassador in Great Britain with instructions to repeat to Paris.)
430
Apr. 2 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Reiteration of Japanese decision not to authorize participation in banking conference until Cabinet acts; Japanese suggestion of Paris or London as place of meeting, and support of Belgian claim for admission.
431
Apr. 3 Department Memorandum
Reply to Italian Chargé’s inquiries regarding admission to consortium and foreign control of Chinese railroads.
431
Apr. 3 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Excerpt from Foreign Office memorandum, stating that France and Great Britain have been consulted regarding question of intrusting details to financial groups.
432
Apr. 5 (8029) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Doubt regarding advisability of including industrial loans in scope of consortium; suggestion that place and date of meeting be selected by group representatives.
432
Apr. 8 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to inform Government of U.S. concurrence in French suggestions regarding industrial loans and place and date of meeting.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking.)
433
[Page LIII]Apr. 11 (8001) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Consent of American group to meeting in London or Paris and suggestion regarding date.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
434
May 3 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) stating that Japanese bankers have been authorized to exchange views, subject to approval of Government.
434
May 8 (8256) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Departure for Paris of Hugh Marshall, specialist on new consortium and loans to China.
434
May 20 (413) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Marshall: Report on conference for organization of new international consortium; resolutions passed.
435
May 27 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to intimate to China that negotiations for large loans should be conducted directly with bankers’ principals in America or Europe.
436
May 31 To the British Chargé
U.S. acceptance of resolutions of bankers’ conference and desire for prompt action by British in order to complete new consortium before expiration of old one on June 18.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the French Chargé and the Japanese Ambassador.)
437
May 31 To the Chinese Chargé
Copy of identic note of May 31 and enclosure sent to Great Britain, France, and Japan.
437
May 31 (8445) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Marshall: Recognition of principle that industrial undertakings and railways in particular should be handled as undivided whole to avoid “spheres of influence”.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
438
May 31 (5420) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to urge prompt acceptance of resolutions by Government in order to complete new consortium before expiration of old one.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris. Similar telegram to the Ambassador in Japan.)
438
June 5 To the British Chargé
Draft agreement of May 12 (text printed) between representatives of British, French, Japanese, and U.S. groups.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to Chinese, French, and Japanese diplomatic representatives.)
439
June 7 (431) From the British Chargé
British approval, with one exception, of draft agreement.
442
June 7 (169) From the Ambassador in France
French note (text printed) approving in principle draft agreement and suggesting formula concerning Government support to be given consortium.
443
[Page LIV]June 9 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to report views of Japanese concerning resolutions and agreement.
445
June 9 (679) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Marshall: View of Lamont, chairman of American group, that French and American ideas agree substantially concerning nature of support to be given consortium by respective Governments.
446
June 11 (8546) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to present U.S. reply (text printed) to French note, defining scope of consortium and suggesting meeting of groups on June 18.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
447
June 11 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to present copy of U.S. reply to French note for Japanese cooperation.
449
June 13 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to urge Japanese to cooperate in effecting meeting on June 18.
449
June 14 (764) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Request for views of American group concerning agreement between British and Japanese for renewal of old consortium for one year or until formation of new one.
450
June 16 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese concurrence in British proposal to extend old consortium temporarily; report of French approval.
450
June 17 (8616) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Transmittal of telegram from Ambassador in Japan concerning extension of old consortium; instructions to urge authorization for completion of new consortium by June 18.
(Sent also to the Ambassador in Great Britain.)
451
June 18 (8623) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
U.S. approval of renewing old consortium for 6 months or until formation of new one.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
451
June 18 (2324) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Lamont to J. P. Morgan: Note of Japanese group (text printed) stating that Japanese rights and options in certain parts of Manchuria and Mongolia should be excluded from pooling arrangement.
451
June 20 From the Chinese Chargé
Message from Ministry of Finance (text printed) instructing Chargé to negotiate immediately with new consortium a loan of about $50,000,000.
453
June 21 (891) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Gravity of Japanese attitude toward consortium; proposal for joint note to Japan by United States, France, and Great Britain suggesting possibility of 3-power consortium, omitting Japan, in case of continued attempts to exclude Manchuria and Mongolia from consortium.
453
[Page LV]June 23 From the French Chargé
Information that French are awaiting replies to notes concerning formula on nature and scope of assistance to be given consortium.
455
June 23 (8699) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain French and British attitude toward proposal for 3-power group.
456
June 23 (8704) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advisability of discussing with Japanese delegates practical and economic side of consortium question and principles of U.S.-Japanese agreement of Nov. 2, 1917.
456
June 25 (917) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advisability of accepting French formula; reply of Lamont, with approval of British and French groups, to Japan, opposing exclusion of Manchuria and Mongolia.
457
June 26 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japanese opposition to new consortium.
458
June 26 (2429) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
U.S. willingness to proceed with formation of 3-power consortium, if British are agreeable thereto.
(Sent also to the Ambassador in Great Britain.)
459
June 28 (2866) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
French and British objections to 3-power group.
459
July 1 (8804) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Acceptance, with modification, of French formula; instructions to suggest that Governments confirm reply of financial groups to Japan regarding exclusion of Manchuria and Mongolia.
461
July 2 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Discouragement in China over delay in consortium and failure to secure loans; recommendations.
462
July 2 To the Chinese Chargé
Impossibility of negotiating loan until completion of new consortium and substantial agreement between contending factions in China.
462
July 3 To the Japanese Chargé
Submission of U.S. modification of French formula. (Sent also to the British and French Chargés.)
463
July 3 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Assurance of financial assistance to China when necessary conditions are met.
464
July 11 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity for early completion of consortium; Chinese apprehension regarding possibility of foreign civil service and monopoly control; recommendation for independent loan.
464
July 13 (1087) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Probable acceptance by France of modified formula; consideration of proposal regarding representation to Japan.
465
[Page LVI]July 16 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Proposal that new consortium fix date to open negotiations in view of China’s application for loan.
466
July 17 (252) From the Ambassador in France
French note (text printed) accepting modified formula regarding Government support to consortium.
466
July 18 (2578) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British view that Japanese claim to exclude Manchuria and Mongolia from sphere of activities of consortium is inadmissible.
467
July 21 (1061) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British note (text printed) accepting modified formula and enclosing copy of note to that effect to France.
468
July 24 (1152) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French view that exclusion of Manchuria and Mongolia is inadmissible but that elimination of Japan from consortium should be avoided, for fear of alliance with Germany.
470
July 25 (2618) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Scope of British Government’s support to banking group.
471
July 30 To the Japanese Embassy
Explanations regarding objects and purposes of the consortium; representations against Japan’s desire to exclude Manchuria and Mongolia.
471
July 31 (5754) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to present copy of U.S. memorandum to Japan concerning Manchuria and Mongolia, suggesting desirability of similar representations by Great Britain.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris.)
473
July 31 (8974) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain if Foreign Office has information concerning reported activity of Chinese Syndicate in connection with consortium.
(Instructions to repeat to London.)
474
Aug. 8 From the Italian Ambassador
Desire of Italy that Italian bankers participate in Chinese loans.
474
Aug. 11 (1256) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
No information showing activity of Chinese Syndicate or of French cooperation with it.
475
Aug. 12 To the Italian Ambassador
Necessity for organization of consortium before admission of new groups.
476
Aug. 14 (2799) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British memorandum (text printed) making representations to Japan against claiming exclusion of Manchuria and Mongolia from consortium.
476
Aug. 20 (1297) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French assurance of support of U.S. and British position regarding Japan.
478
[Page LVII]Aug. 26 (1325) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French memorandum (text printed) making representations to Japan against claiming exclusion of Manchuria and Mongolia.
479
Aug. 27 From the Japanese Embassy
Japan’s acceptance of agreement of May 12 for international consortium, with proviso that it shall not be prejudicial to Japan’s interests in South Manchuria and Eastern Inner Mongolia.
480
Aug. 27 (5878) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to propose immediate organization of consortium without Japan, reserving membership of Japan and other countries for future consideration.
(Sent also to Paris.)
480
Aug. 27 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to inquire if China will negotiate exclusively for the present with U.S., British, and French banking groups.
481
Aug. 29 (2922) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Discussion with Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs, pending return of Foreign Minister, of Japanese participation in consortium.
482
Sept. 4 (2969) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Delay of British reply regarding Japanese participation in consortium until receipt of Japanese prècis stating portions of Manchuria and Mongolia which Japan desires to exclude.
482
Sept. 4 (1354) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French decision to act in accord with Great Britain, and opinion that Japanese attitude has been modified.
483
Sept. 7 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Message from President stating that unless immediate financial assistance from America or consortium is forthcoming, Japanese aid will be sought.
483
Sept. 7 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Apprehension of Chinese concerning 3-power consortium.
484
Sept. 10 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Desire of China for negotiations with American group as exclusive financial agent.
485
Sept. 15 From the Minister in China (tel.)
China’s desire for American leadership in financial aid; suggestion that Chicago loan would develop into consortium.
485
Sept. 16 (5958) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to urge Government to consent to immediate formation of 3-power consortium without Japan, stressing danger in delay.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France.)
486
Sept. 16 (1394) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Unfavorable attitude of French and British toward 3-power consortium.
487
[Page LVIII]Sept. 20 (1418) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Reaction of Foreign Minister to proposal for immediate formation of 3-power consortium in view of critical conditions in China.
488
Sept. 22 (3090) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British decision to make no official pronouncement with regard to 3-power consortium until reply concerning reservations is received from Japan.
489
Sept. 23 (5992) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Suggestion that question of 3-power consortium be presented in manner similar to that used by Ambassador in France.
489
Sept. 25 (3113) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Renewed pressure concerning 3-power consortium injudicious at present.
490
Sept. 26 (6005) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Necessity for stressing urgency of situation and danger in delay.
490
Sept. 29 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Danger in delaying organization of 3-power consortium; assurance of securing Chinese support upon its completion.
490
Oct. 2 (3161) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Japan’s definition of reservations in Manchuria and Mongolia; British willingness to accept reservation regarding South Manchuria and proposal for immediate 4-power loan to China; conditions for continuance of discussions regarding future loans.
491
Oct. 8 From the Japanese Chargé
Japan’s acceptance of modified formula regarding government support of consortium.
492
Oct. 11 (6073) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to convey to Great Britain U.S. interpretation of Lansing-Ishii agreement and impossibility of accepting reservation regarding South Manchuria; also basis for U.S. cooperation in immediate 4-power loan, stressing objection to advance by old consortium.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris.)
493
Oct. 24 (6121) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Correction of wrong impression conveyed by British Ambassador concerning U.S. position regarding Japanese reservations.
497
Oct. 28 To the Japanese Embassy
Impossibility of accepting Japanese proviso regarding rights in South Manchuria and Eastern Inner Mongolia; assurance that no existing legitimate interests of Japan will be jeopardized by consortium.
497
Oct. 29 From the British Embassy
Reiteration of willingness to concede to Japan, in last resort, Manchurian reservation; objection to independent U.S. loan; renewed suggestion for immediate 4-power loan, without prejudice to present discussions.
499
[Page LIX]Oct. 30 Department Memorandum
Reply to Japanese Chargé that railroads upon which substantial progress has been made are without the scope of the consortium.
499
Nov. 5 To the British Appointed Ambassador
Concurrence of U.S. group in British view that admission of Italian group should await complete organization of consortium.
500
Nov. 5 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to investigate ability of Japanese group to carry half of contemplated loans.
500
Nov. 11 To the British Embassy
Reiteration of position regarding Manchurian reservation; acceptance of British proposal for immediate loan, without prejudice to present discussions.
500
Nov. 14 To the Italian Chargé
Necessity for organization of consortium before inclusion of Italian group.
501
Nov. 15 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Ability and desire of Japanese bankers to finance half of loan; opinion that Japanese might modify Manchurian reservation.
502
Nov. 25 (3447) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British note to Japanese (text printed) explaining scope and purpose of consortium and requesting Japan to modify attitude.
502
Dec. 2 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to emphasize distinction between vested interests and interests as defined by territorial limitations, enclosing copy of British note to Japan.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking for information.)
504

Loan Negotiations

disapproval by the american government of particular loans pending the formation of the new consortium-conclusion and cancelation of a loan contract by the continental & commercial trust & savings bank–the pacific development corp. loan contract–agreement for a four-power loan of five million pounds

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 23 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Assurance of Minister of Finance that first option will be given Continental & Commercial Bank of Chicago in case of loan by single nation, to be secured on tobacco and wine revenue.
505
Apr. 4 (2660) From the Minister in China
Identic note to China from British, French, Japanese, and Russian Ministers (text printed) protesting against eighth year internal loan as infringing on terms of Reorganization Loan Agreement of 1913.
505
[Page LX]Apr. 9 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to discuss with appropriate official advantages of allowing currency-loan option to expire in interest of new consortium.
506
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 10] From the Minister in China (tel.)
Advantages of renewing option.
507
Apr. 11 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Matter of extension of option left to discretion of Minister Reinsch and Abbott, representative of U.S. banking group.
507
Apr. 11 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Extension of option for 6 months.
508
Apr. 26 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Difficulties confronting development of sound fiscal policy in China; need of foreign assistance; message from Abbott to Morgan (text printed).
508
Apr. 29 (2692) From the Minister in China
Loan to Minister of Education by International Banking Corp. for Government schools and university.
510
Apr. 30 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity for reunited government before financial assistance can be furnished; suggestion that Peking representatives of financial groups prepare recommendations concerning loans.
511
June 18 (996) To the Minister in China
Inquiry, in connection with loan to Minister of Education, regarding compliance with U.S. policy respecting loans to China and guarantees as to their proper usage.
511
June 28 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Importance of developing port of Hulutao under Chinchow-Aigun contract or with other neutral capital.
512
July 7 (2883) From the Minister in China
Chinese memorandum of June 10 (text printed) on financial situation, requesting loan and suggesting allocation, securities, etc.
512
July 11 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Information that American group has not relinquished rights in loan contract for Chinchow-Aigun Railway and that matter will be presented to new consortium.
516
July 31 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japanese Minister’s suggestion that U.S. and Japanese groups make conditional monthly advances to China.
517
Aug. 4 (2925) From the Minister in China
Opinion that U.S. policy regarding loans to China was complied with in case of loan to Minister of Education.
518
Aug. 5 (2933) From the Minister in China
Consent of diplomatic corps to release of certain accumulated customs surplus; refusal to allow Italian Minister to hold up release on basis of extraneous claim against Chinese Government,
519
[Page LXI]Aug. 21 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry whether Legation should approve contract of Asia Banking Corp. for loan to Hupeh Province.
520
Aug. 23 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Report that Shensi Province has negotiated loan with Japanese interests.
520
Aug. 26 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Chinese official, Hsu En-yuan, to proceed to the United States to resume negotiations with Continental & Commercial Bank of Chicago in relation to wine and tobacco tax option.
520
Aug. 30 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Request for information regarding withholding of financial assistance and supervision of expenditures of Hupeh and Shensi loans.
521
Sept. 1 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Reply to inquiry regarding withholding of financial assistance and supervision of provincial loans.
521
Sept. 4 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Disapproval of proposed Hupeh provincial loan in view of U.S.-Japanese understanding and of pending formation of consortium.
522
Sept. 22 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Inquiry as to what powers are intrusted to Hsu and which loans he is authorized to negotiate.
522
Sept. 24 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Reply that Hsu is authorized to renew loan of Continental & Commercial Bank of Chicago and negotiate supplementary loan.
522
Sept. 30 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Inquiry regarding currency-loan option held by old consortium.
523
Oct. 3 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Japanese decision to make independent loan unless consortium acts immediately; desire for cooperation of U.S. bankers.
523
Oct. 3 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Telegram from Hongkong Shanghai Banking Corp. (text printed) proposing that currency-loan option be allowed to lapse. Request for instructions.
523
Oct. 10 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
No objection to lapsing of currency-loan option, but necessity for emphasizing U.S. right to be consulted in any currency-reform project.
524
Oct. 11 (6072) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to advise Foreign Office that Continental & Commercial Bank of Chicago is concluding loan agreement with China to meet former obligations to that bank.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris. Sent also to the Ambassador in Japan.)
524
[Page LXII]Oct. 21 From the Vice President of the Continental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago
Agreement of Oct. 20, 1919, between China and the bank, subject to approval of executive committee of bank.
525
Oct. 21 To the Vice President of the Continental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago
U.S. encouragement of financial assistance to China.
525
Oct. 21 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Summary of provisions of agreement of Oct. 20; instructions to secure official confirmation as to securities, etc.
526
Oct. 22 (6114) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform Government of U.S. approval of loan contract of Oct. 20 of Chicago Bank, on understanding that bank will cooperate with American group upon completion of consortium.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris. Sent also to the Ambassador in Japan.)
527
Oct. 23 (1551) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French view that loan to meet Chicago Bank obligations is not inconsistent with consortium arrangements.
528
Oct. 27 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japan’s objections to U.S. sanction of Chicago Bank loan, understanding being that no government would approve loan without consulting others.
529
Oct. 29 (3318) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British apprehension regarding Chicago Bank loan, urging instead immediate advance by interested powers.
529
Oct. 30 From the Vice President of the Continental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago
Decision of bank directors not to approve loan contract of Oct. 20; reasons.
530
Oct. 31 To the Vice President of the Continental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago (tel.)
U.S. decision to accede to British proposal for immediate loan by interested powers, without prejudice to present consortium discussions; request for postponement of confirmation of loan contract of Oct. 20 and for issue of small loan contracted Oct. 11.
532
Nov. 1 From the Vice President of the Continental & Commercial Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago (tel.)
Consent to postponement of confirmation of loan contract of Oct. 20 and to issue of small loan contracted Oct. 11.
533
Nov. 7 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Request for report on status of currency-loan option and action taken by Legation.
533
Nov. 8 (812) From the British Appointed Ambassador
Satisfaction with U.S. decision to support 4-power loan; steps toward completion.
533
[Page LXIII]Nov. 10 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Grant to old consortium of 6-months’ extension of currency-loan option.
534
Nov. 11 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to Japan against obstructing completion of consortium; also to inform Foreign Office of U.S. decision to withhold Chicago Bank loan contracted Oct. 20 and to accept British proposal for an immediate 4-power loan.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking. Sent also to the Ambassador in Great Britain for information, with instructions to repeat to Paris for information.)
535
Nov. 11 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Instructions to inform Government of status of loan negotiations.
(Instructions to repeat to Tokyo for information.)
537
Nov. 11 To the British Appointed Ambassador
U.S. cooperation with British in effecting immediate 4-power loan.
538
Nov. 19 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese approval of British proposal in principle, regarding, however, certain conditions as impracticable.
539
Nov. 20 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Letter from Pacific Development Corp. (text printed) announcing contract for loan to China, in lieu of Chicago loan, to be secured on wine and tobacco revenue.
539
Nov. 24 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Japanese attempt to block any American loan to China.
541
Nov. 26 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Information that Pacific Development loan agreement was signed and money turned over to China.
541
Nov. 29 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office that Pacific Development loan was contracted without U.S. knowledge and that diplomatic support will not be given unless 4-power loan should fail.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking for information. Sent also to the Ambassador in Great Britain with instructions to repeat to Paris.)
541
Dec. 2 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Substance of British memorandum to Japan proposing immediate 4-power loan; Japanese reply (text printed) objecting to clause regarding disbandment of troops.
542
Dec. 4 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Doubt as to ability of Pacific Development Corp. to finance loan; Government support not to be given.
544
Dec. 8 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Extract from Japanese note to British Minister (text printed) advising against disbandment of troops as condition for loan to China.
545
[Page LXIV]Dec. 9 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Consummation of loan to China by Pacific Development Corp. without support of Legation; reorganization of Wine and Tobacco Administration, according to terms of loan agreement.
545
Dec. 10 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Report that Legation has supported Pacific Development loan contrary to instructions.
546
Dec. 10 (3513) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British assurance that arrangements for 4-power loan will be hastened in view of U.S. refusal to support Pacific Development loan.
546
Dec. 11 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese objections to 4-power loan referred to American group.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking with his Dec. 8.)
546
Dec. 11 (6264) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Japanese suggestions regarding 4-power loan have been referred to American group, with recommendation for acceptance.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris.)
547
Dec. 12 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Denial of having supported Pacific Development loan.
547
Dec. 18 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
French protest against American supervision of reorganization of Wine and Tobacco Bureau; inquiry whether authorized to support American appointment.
547
Dec. 19 (3561) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British view, as opposed to French, that disbandment clause in loan agreement is relatively unimportant.
547
Dec. 20 (899) From the British Appointed Ambassador
British efforts to secure Japanese approval of loan proposal; British view that present Chinese needs do not justify independent loan by any power.
548
Dec. 20 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Authorization to support American supervision of Wine and Tobacco reorganization as disassociated from loan question.
(Instructions to repeat to Tokyo with his Dec. 18 for information.)
548
Dec. 20 (9387) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain basis for French protest against American supervision of Wine and Tobacco reorganization.
549
Dec. 20 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese memorandum (text printed) making representations regarding Pacific Development loan.
550
Dec. 22 From the French Ambassador
Representations against Pacific Development loan and American supervision of wine and tobacco revenue.
551
[Page LXV]Dec. 23 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to state U.S. position regarding Pacific Development loan and to reiterate attitude toward Japan’s lack of cooperation in consortium arrangements.
552
Dec. 25 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese concurrence in British views regarding disbandment of troops, stating, however, that disbandment should not be subject to foreign control nor be first charge on the fund.
553
Dec. 27 (9441) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain reason for French contention that disbandment of troops should be a sine qua non to issuance of loan.
554
Dec. 28 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese suggestion that consortium loan be substituted for Pacific Development loan; Japan’s efforts to protect interests in Manchuria and Mongolia.
554
Dec. 31 (917) From the British Chargé
British decision to concede Japanese points concerning disbandment.
554
1920 Jan. 3 (15) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Withdrawal of French contention concerning disbandment.
555
Jan. 5 To the British Chargé
No reason for delaying loan to China since Japan and France have withdrawn objections.
555

Proposed Appointment of a Japanese Financial Adviser to China

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 16 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Agreement to appoint Sakatani as Japanese financial adviser to China not yet signed; assurance that the United States will be consulted regarding future currency loans.
556
Jan. 22 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Report that Lansing stated verbally in May 1918 to Japanese Ambassador Ishii that United States had no objection to appointment of Sakatani as financial adviser to China; request for information.
556
Jan. 24 From the Japanese Embassy
Assertion that although Lansing gave assurance that the United States had no objection to appointment of Sakatani, difficulties are being encountered.
557
Jan. 24 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Finance Minister’s intimation of desirability of delaying appointment in order to consult with other powers concerned.
557
Jan. 28 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Information that Lansing has no recollection of having consented to appointment of Sakatani.
558
[Page LXVI]Jan. 30 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to inform British, French, and Japanese colleagues and China that, in view of plans for new consortium, question of appointment of financial adviser should be settled only after consultation by all powers concerned.
558
Jan. 31 Department Memorandum
Interview of Assistant Secretary Long with Ishii regarding Lansing’s alleged consent to appointment of Sakatani.
559
Feb. 5 (588) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Ishii’s memorandum (text printed) of conversations with Lansing regarding appointment of Sakatani.
559
Feb. 21 To the Japanese Embassy
Lansing’s inability to confirm Japanese memorandum; necessity for postponing appointment of financial adviser until lending groups agree on currency reform and loan terms.
562
Feb. 21 Department Memorandum
Interview of Assistant Secretary Long with Ishii, former advising postponement of appointment of financial adviser, in view of changed circumstances, and pointing out that the United States could not have accepted Japanese suggestion that Sakatani be invested with additional powers.
562
Apr. 5 (1460) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Intention of Ishii to resign U.S. post because of misunderstanding regarding Sakatani appointment.
564
Apr. 16 (1604) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Extract from note of Ambassador in Japan (text printed) explaining reason for Ishii’s proposed resignation.
564
May 19 (411) From the Ambassador in Japan
Note to Foreign Minister (text printed) which contains message of Lansing to Ishii expressing regret at proposed resignation of latter.
565

Railways

agreements between china and japan concerning the management of the shantung railway and the construction of branches; loan agreement for the construction of manchurian and mongolian railways—elimination of german interests from the hukuang railway enterprise—confiscation of the german share in the hukuang railway bond issue by the chinese government; american protests

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 3 (2361) From the Minister in China
Recommendation that Shantung Railway be placed under Central Government of China, in view of reported Japanese efforts to obtain new railway concessions in return for certain considerations.
566
1919 Jan. 4 To the Minister in China (tel.)
U.S. support of proposed elimination of German interests in Hukuang Railway, conditional upon 4-power consortium loan to complete railway.
567
[Page LXVII]Feb. 1 From the Minister in China (tel.)
French and British views in favor of elimination of German interests from Hukuang Railway.
568
Feb. 5 To the Minister in China (tel.)
British opinion that transfer to Japan of German interests in Hukuang Railway should be made as a concession for coming into consortium; U.S. views.
(Instructions to repeat to Tokyo with his Feb. 1.)
569
Feb. 20 (2534) From the Minister in China
Agreement effected by exchange of notes Sept. 24, 1918, between Japanese Foreign Minister and Chinese Minister to Japan (text printed) regarding concessions to Japan in connection with administration of Shantung Railway; question of validity.
570
Mar. 19 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to discuss with Government question of elimination of German interests in Hukuang Railway and to give assurance of financial assistance; progress of consortium.
(Instructions to repeat to Tokyo for information.)
572
Apr. 12 (2680) From the Minister in China
Preliminary loan agreements between China and Japanese banks, Sept. 28, 1918 (texts printed), for construction of branches of Shantung Railway and for Manchurian and Mongolian railways.
574
Apr. 13 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Delay of China in issuing statement regarding decision to exclude Germans from future participation in Hukuang contract.
578
Apr. 29 (2695) From the Minister in China
Representations to China for elimination of German future interests from Hukuang Railway, and reply (texts printed); similar representations by British and French.
579
June 30 (2847) From the Minister in China
Chinese note proposing that German share in bond issue revert to Chinese Government, and U.S., British, and French identic reply (texts printed).
582
July 7 (2881) From the Minister in China
Chinese note announcing confiscation of German issue of Hukuang Railway bonds, and draft of proposed joint protest (texts printed).
583
July 9 From the American Group
Memorandum to China of British, French, and American groups (text printed) protesting against Chinese proposal to acquire German rights.
586
Sept. 3 (2980) From the Minister in China
Draft of joint protest against confiscation of German issue of Hukuang Railway bonds (text printed).
587
Oct. 3 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon China harmful effect proposed action will have upon Chinese credit in foreign markets.
589
[Page LXVIII]Dec. 3 To the Chargé in China (tel.)
Inquiries as to nature and result of Legation’s representations to China regarding German bonds, on which interest soon falls due.
589
Dec. 11 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Chinese policy of recognizing validity of German bonds where holders can prove non-enemy ownership during the war, other bonds to be credited against indemnities.
590

operation of the chinese eastern railway: agreement between the united states and japan for an inter-allied committee and a technical board under the presidency of mr. john f. stevens; acceptance of the plan by the allied governments; acceptance by the chinese government with reservations as to its special rights—scheme of international financial support; contribution of the united states—japanese suggestion of a change of gauge of the harbin-changchun line; disapproval by the united states-attempt of general semenov to obtain control; opposition of the united states

Date and number Subject Page
Jan. 9 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
U.S.-Japanese agreement for Inter-Allied Committee and Technical Board, with Stevens as president, to operate Trans-Siberian and Chinese Eastern Railways.
590
Jan. 20 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether China should be informed of railway agreement.
592
Jan. 22 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to inform China of agreement.
592
Jan. 26 From the Chinese Legation
Right of China to control Manchurian Railway, in view of its being a joint Chinese-Russian enterprise.
592
Jan. 30 From the Chinese Legation
Proposal of plan for complete control and reorganization of Chinese Eastern Railway, maintaining China’s rights.
593
Feb. 4 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to assure China that its interests will be fully protected.
593
Feb. 6 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Assurance to Chinese officials that Chinese rights in railways will remain the same.
594
Feb. 10 To the Japanese Ambassador
U.S. acceptance of plan for supervision of Siberian railways, including Chinese Eastern, with reservations as to financial responsibility; interpretation of term “interests”.
594
Feb. 10 To the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to notify Government of U.S. acceptance of plan, expressing desire for approval and support.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking for information. Sent also to London, Paris, and Rome.)
595
[Page LXIX]Feb. 18 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Russian claim that Administrative Board organized in 1917 should be consulted with respect to control of Chinese Eastern; Chinese desire for administration of railway.
596
Feb. 19 (7314) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French approval of Siberian Railway plan.
597
Feb. 21 To the Minister in China (tel.)
U.S. refusal to admit Russian claim regarding railway control; insistence upon Chinese cooperation in railway plan.
597
Feb. 24 (145) From the British Chargé
British assurance of cooperation in Siberian Railway plan.
598
Feb. 27 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon China importance of formal approval of plan and of prompt designation of representatives on commission.
598
Feb. 28 (2557) From the Minister in China
Chinese acceptance of railway agreement in principle, making reservations as to special rights; appointment of representatives on committee.
599
Feb. 28 From the Ambassador in Japan, Temporarily at Vladivostok (tel.)
Japanese dissatisfaction with tentative plans for employment of foreign experts in operation of railways.
601
Mar. 5 (2673) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italy’s adherence to Siberian Railway plan.
602
Mar. 18 (2604) From the Minister in China
Memorandum of interview between Minister of Communications and Second Secretary of U.S. Legation (text printed) on Chinese special interests in Chinese Eastern Railway.
602
Mar. 21 (2628) From the Minister in China
Chinese acceptance of U.S. plan, with reservations as to special interests in Chinese Eastern Railway.
604
Apr. 8 (205) From the American Representative on the Inter-Allied Committee (tel.)
Resolutions of Inter-Allied Committee for financing reorganization of Siberian and Chinese Eastern Railways.
604
Apr. 17 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Stevens’ note (text printed) suggesting that the United States intimate to Japan that widening gauge of Changchun line might jeopardize agreement.
606
Apr. 19 To the. Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to inform Japan that widening of railway gauge is inconsistent with understanding.
606
May 27 (415) From the Ambassador in Japan
Report on discussions with Stevens and Japanese railway director; note and memorandum of Japanese director (texts printed), stating agreement reached for supervision of railways.
606
[Page LXX]June 24 (367) From the American Representative on the Inter-Allied Committee (tel.)
Chinese protest against presence of Japanese troops along Chinese Eastern Railway; attempt of Semenov to obtain control.
610
June 28 From the Minister in China (tel.)
China’s request for U.S. advance for Chinese share in Siberian Railway loan.
610
June 28 To the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Directions for drawing on funds made available for railway financing.
611
July 1 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Refusal to advance funds for China’s share in railway loan, stating that it should be regarded as part of common pool.
611
July 26 To the American Representative on the Inter-Allied Committee (tel.)
Refusal to approve changing railway gauge except by agreement with recognized Russian government.
612
Aug. 11 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Assurance that no agreement was made regarding change of railway gauge.
612
Aug. 15 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Deposit by China of certain funds for use of Board.
613
Sept. 25 From the Consul at Harbin (tel.)
Reported attempt of Semenov to obtain control of Chinese Eastern Railway zone.
613
Sept. 26 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Possibility of Semenov’s taking Chinese Eastern by force and of China’s being requested to appoint him director.
613
Oct. 1 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to oppose appointment of Semenov as director of Chinese Eastern Railway, should Japan make request.
614
Oct. 1 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to intimate to China advisability of maintaining status of Chinese Eastern by supporting Kolchak instead of Semenov.
(Instructions to repeat to Tokyo for information.)
614
Dec. 4 From the President of the Technical Board (tel.)
Warning that proposed Japanese loan to Chinese Eastern would deal fatal blow to “‘open door” policy in Manchuria.
615
[Page LXXI]

Grand Canal Conservancy Project

advance loans by the american international corp. to the chinese government for preliminary surveys

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Jan. 16 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Proposal of American International Corp. to negotiate regarding advance for preliminary canal survey in China.
615
Jan. 21 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Authorization given Chinese Minister to negotiate relative to canal survey.
615
Mar. 23 From the Vice President of the American International Corp.
Submission to Department of corporation’s letter to China proposing measures for improvement of Grand Canal.
616
May 1 From the Vice President of the American International Corp.
Letter from representative of Japanese bank (text printed) regarding Japanese participation in canal enterprise; loan agreement between China and American International Corp. for preliminary canal survey (text printed).
616
May 2 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions for procedure in completing loan agreement between American International Corp. and China.
620
May 17 (2051) From the Minister in China
Treasury note of Chinese Government sent in conformity with instructions.
621
Dec. 31 (2429) From the Minister in China
Formal application by Board to American International Corp. for supplementary loan to complete canal survey and for further advance to proceed with construction work.
621
1919 July 3 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Conditions for granting second advance.
623
July 7 To the Minister in China (tel.)
From American International Corp.: Willingness to conclude second advance, as Chinese Chargé has been authorized to sign agreement.
624
July 15 To the Minister in China (tel.)
For the representative of American International Corp.: Deposit of funds for second advance; instructions to have Treasury note forwarded.
624
July 19 From the Vice President of the American International Corp.
Agreement between China and American International Corp. for supplementary loan for canal survey.
624
July 31 (2922) From the Minister in China
Forwarding of new Treasury bill for delivery to American International Corp.
626
[Page LXXII]

Banking

establishment of the bank of commerce, china, with joint chinese and American capital

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 20 From the Minister in China (tel.)
For International Banking Corp.: Formation of syndicate for establishing Sino-American industrial bank with joint Chinese and American control and equal shares; inquiry if interested in forming American associate.
627
Mar. 31 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Measures recommended to avoid suspicions of undue Government activity in promoting American enterprises in China, in view of consortium negotiations.
627
Apr. 22 (2703) From the Minister in China
Notification of granting of charter to Sino-American bank and articles of incorporation (texts printed); history of formation of bank, stability and charter grants, and possible American subscribers.
628
July 31 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Desire for U.S. encouragement of American enterprise in China, in view of unequaled opportunities, with special reference to establishment of new Sino-American bank.
637
Aug. 7 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity for scrutinizing contracts before supporting specific enterprises.
637
Sept. 15 From Messrs. Sullivan & Cromwell
Proposed subscription of one-half capital stock in Bank of Commerce, China; inquiries as to extent of U.S. protection of American-owned stock.
638
Sept. 26 To Messrs. Sullivan & Cromwell
Extent of U.S. jurisdiction in China and protection of American interests.
639

Tariff Revision

preparation by the china tariff revision commission of a proposed revised tariff, completed december 20, 1918—acceptance by other governments; requirement of a treaty with the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1917 Oct. 2 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Proposal for international commission to revise Chinese specific tariff; inquiry as to necessity of Senate action on commission’s determinations.
640
Oct. 15 To the Minister in China (tel.)
U.S. willingness to join other governments in revising tariff if new rates are incorporated in new treaty.
640
Nov. 10 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Appointment of French commercial attaché as representative on international commission to meet Dec. 1.
641
[Page LXXIII]Nov. 16 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Arrangements for commission to meet in January; question of which years to be selected as basis for computation of values; Russian insistence, on basis of French precedent, on leaving land-frontier tariffs unchanged.
641
Nov. 17 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Designation of Commercial Attaché Arnold as U.S. representative on international tariff commission.
641
Nov. 22 (2839) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to France seeking relinquishment of preferential tariff treatment of goods crossing Indo-China border.
642
Nov. 22 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiries as to character of conference in order to ascertain powers to be conferred on representatives.
642
Nov. 27 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Administrative character of conference, obviating necessity for plenipotentiary powers.
642
Dec. 1 (1772) From the Minister in China
Chinese request for immediate institution of surtax on import duties; desirability of pre-war years as basis for valuations.
643
Dec. 2 (2838) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French denial of initiative in requesting exemption from revision of customs duties on land-borne commerce, and disapproval of Russia’s attitude.
644
Dec. 15 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Substance of telegram 2838, Dec. 2, from Ambassador in France.
644
Dec. 7 To the Commercial Attaché in China
Appointment as member of U.S. delegation to international tariff conference; instructions.
(Similar instructions to John K. Sague, Esq.)
644
Dec. 11 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Selection of Jan. 5 for opening of conference; Japanese desire for pre-war years as basis for valuation; French and Belgian request for action by majority vote.
646
Dec. 13 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to leave questions of data and rules to conference itself.
646
Dec. 19 (1811) From the Minister in China
Explanation of details of French precedent cited by Russia in requesting special customs arrangement on Manchurian frontier.
646
1918 Feb. 16 (1995) To the Ambassador in France
Text of despatch No. 1811, Dec. 19, 1917, from Minister in China.
646
[Page LXXIV]Jan. 12 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity for revision of land-frontier tariff as well as maritime tariff; instructions to bring matter to attention of Government.
647
Jan. 18 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Renewal of Chinese request for surtax on customs duties; continued discussion of question of majority vote.
647
Jan. 23 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Request for instructions on Allied recommendation of period 1911–13 as basis for valuation; Japanese insistence on this period and majority vote.
648
Feb. 2 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Preference for 1913–17 as valuation period; U.S. policy to leave questions regarding revision of tariff to conference, so far as possible.
648
Feb. 4 From the Chairman of the American Delegation (tel.)
Request for instructions on Chinese plea for temporary surcharge on present tariff pending final revision.
649
Feb. 7 From the Chairman of the American Delegation
Completion of Commission’s rules of procedure, covering majority vote and work of subcommittees; consideration of provisional tariff.
649
Feb. 9 From the Chairman of the American Delegation (tel.)
Renewed request for instructions on question of temporary surcharge on present tariff rates pending adoption of revised schedule.
650
Mar. 1 To the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)
For Arnold: Department’s inability to join in agreement for temporary surcharge, thus modifying a treaty by Executive action.
651
Apr. 25 From the Chairman of the American Delegation (tel.)
Opposition to Japanese recommendation, supported by Allied Ministers, for selection of 1912–16 customs valuations as basis; preference for market valuations as primary basis.
651
May 1 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to urge 1913–17 market valuations instead of 1912–16 customs valuations as basis for tariff revision.
(Sent also to the Ambassadors in France and Great Britain.)
652
June 11 [10?] (4157) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office promise to defer final decision on bases of valuation pending results of further study.
653
June 14 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japanese proposal for consulting all available evidence for period 1912–16 as basis for valuations; British insistence on revision of tariff within 2 years following war.
653
June 17 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Authorization to agree to Japanese proposal.
654
[Page LXXV]Dec. 4 From the Chairman of the American Delegation (tel.)
Request for instructions regarding necessity for modification of frontier tariffs as well as maritime tariffs.
654
Dec. 5 To the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)
For Arnold: Desirability though not necessity of proportionate increase in frontier tariffs.
655
Dec. 23 From the Chairman of the American Delegation (tel.)
Conclusion of Commission’s sessions; decision to submit revised tariff to governments for adoption.
655
1919 Jan. 18 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Recommendation for immediate ratification of revised tariff; Russian reservation regarding land-frontier rates.
655
Feb. 19 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry as to forwarding of final report and revised import tariff and as to attitude taken by other powers.
656
Feb. 24 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Information that draft of revised import tariff has been forwarded; favorable attitude of other governments toward tariff.
656
Mar. 25 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiries by Chinese and Japanese regarding ratification of tariff revision.
657
Mar. 27 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Necessity for properly authenticated copy of schedule before treaty can be presented to Congress.
657
Apr. 3 From the Chairman of the American Delegation
Forwarding of additional copies of draft of revised import tariff as finally agreed upon by Commission.
658
May 22 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry concerning authenticity of copies of revised import tariff; convening of Congress.
658
May 28 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Authenticity of printed copies of revised import tariff.
658
June 6 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry concerning rules and corrections attached to printed copies of revised import tariff.
659
June 9 (2809) From the Minister in China
Acceptance of revised import tariff by most of treaty powers; note sent to Foreign Office enclosing resolutions of Tariff Commission with request for their adoption (text printed).
659
June 10 From the Chairman of the American Delegation
Directions for identifying revised rules drawn up by Tariff Revision Commission; rules annexed to proposed Chinese import tariff (texts printed).
662
June 25 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Acceptance of revised import tariff by all powers; arrangements to put tariff into effect Aug. 1.
665
[Page LXXVI]Oct. 17 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to report status of tariff and rules, and to request that Chinese Legation, Washington, be authorized to sign convention.
665
Oct. 27 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
List of countries which have accepted revised tariff and rules; Chinese arrangements for full powers for Legation at Washington to sign convention.
665
Nov. 13 From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Foreign Office notification that Chinese Chargé, Washington, has been granted power to sign tariff convention.
666
Nov. 14 From the Chinese Chargé
Notification of receipt of authority to sign Import Tariff Treaty as revised by Tariff Commission.
666

Embargo on Shipments of Arms and Ammunition to China

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 6 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Authorization to discuss with colleagues restriction of arms, etc., in connection with reconciliation of North and South China.
667
1919 Apr. 5 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Plans to arrange agreement with colleagues against furnishing arms to China. Cooperation of Japan.
667
Apr. 10 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Request for authorization to adhere to proposed 5-power declaration against import of arms and ammunition into China.
667
Apr. 14 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Authorization to adhere to declaration with certain reservations.
668
Apr. 15 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiries as to inclusion of Dalny as port to which consignments of arms and ammunition are prohibited.
669
May 10 (2725) From the Minister in China
Joint note from diplomatic corps in Peking (text printed) notifying Foreign Office of agreement to restrict import of arms and ammunition to China.
669
May 17 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Italy’s acceptance of embargo with exception of war materials already contracted for by China.
670
May 20 (2153) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Instructions to inform Italy of embargo by other powers and to urge that its exception be withdrawn.
671
May 21 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to confer with colleagues with view to influencing Italian representative to recommend to his Government withdrawal of exception.
671
[Page LXXVII]July 2 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Arms contract between China and Japanese firm; Chinese request that embargo be raised, alleging necessity of suppressing piracy.
671
July 3 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Opinion that embargo should be maintained.
672
Aug. 30 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Chinese inquiry whether embargo includes raw material for manufacture of arms and ammunition.
672
Sept. 10 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Interpretation that embargo includes raw material for manufacture of arms and ammunition as well as machinery for their manufacture.
672
Nov. 17 (6187) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inquire if reported Vickers contract for supplying airplanes to China has approval of British Government.
672
Nov. 22 (3430) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British reply that Vickers contract calls for material unsuited for military purposes.
673
Nov. 28 (2384) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Instructions to join with French colleague, if considered feasible at present, in representations to Italy against export of arms to China.
673

Extraterritoriality

suggestions for the abolition of extraterritoriality in china—refusal of the chinese government to accord extraterritorial rights to nationals of new states

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Aug. 9 (2184) From the Chargé in China
Suggestion of Special Assistant Denby for abolition of extraterritoriality in China (text printed); Chargé’s recommendations.
674
1919 Jan. 21 (338) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: In view of possible abolition or modification of extraterritoriality, advisability of influencing China to adopt, with U.S. advice, a code based on English common law.
680
Jan. 24 (410) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Opinions of members of Chinese Mission regarding suggested legal reform. Request for suggestions as to procedure.
681
Jan. 25 (419) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Recommendation for preparation for adoption of judicial system based on English common law concurrently with preparation for abolition of extraterritoriality; suggestion that expert be appointed to consult with Chinese Government.
681
[Page LXXVIII]Feb. 3 (566) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Abandonment of plan for making continental law a basis in favor of Chinese custom law, adjusted to modern conditions, with U.S. and British advice.
682
Feb. 6 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry as to expediency of sending expert to advise China in contemplated legal reform.
683
Feb. 26 (888) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Request for instructions regarding appointment of expert to China, in view of Legation’s favorable reply.
683
Mar. 1 (977) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Inadvisability of sending expert to China unrequested.
684
May 9 (2720) From the Minister in China
Inquiry if protection should be extended to nationals of non-treaty countries, in view of presidential mandate refusing them extraterritorial rights (text printed).
684
June 16 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions not to extend protection to nationals of non-treaty countries unless requested by those Governments, consented to by China, and authorized by Department.
685

Relations of China, Japan, and the United States—The Shantung Question

criticism by the japanese press of american policy regarding china—reception in china of the peace conference’s decision on shantung; strikes and boycott of japanese goods—resolutions of the American chamber of commerce, the anglo-american association, and other organizations against the decision—complaints of the japanese government regarding these resolutions—statements regarding the shantung settlement by viscount uchida, august 3, and by president wilson, august 6—insistence of the american government that the sino-japanese agreements of 1915 and 1918 should not enter into the settlement

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 5 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Japanese press criticism of alleged U.S. activities and intentions with regard to China as being antagonistic to Japan’s interests.
686
Mar. 11 To the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Authorization to deny Japanese reports insofar as U.S. acts and purposes with regard to China are concerned.
688
Mar. 11 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to publish categorical denial of Japanese allegations as reported from Tokyo concerning U.S.-Chinese relations.
688
Mar. 15 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Publication by Japanese press in China of material fomenting racial antagonism; public denial of Japanese allegations in accordance with instructions.
688
[Page LXXIX]Mar. 23 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Continued anti-American attacks by Japanese press; evidences of change in Japan’s Siberian policy.
689
Apr. 23 From the Consul at Canton (tel.)
Appeal of leaders of Southern China to President Wilson and British Premier (text printed) for abrogation of Japan’s 21 demands and other secret treaties imposed upon China.
690
Apr. 25 To the Consul at Canton (tel.)
Instructions to exercise caution in accepting messages similar to that transmitted Apr. 23 but to keep Department fully informed.
691
May 16 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Growth of anti-Japanese and possibly anti-foreign sentiment, disruption of Shanghai peace conference, and Japanese triumphant attitude, following Shantung decision.
691
May 18 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement attempting to allay anti-American sentiment and reaffirming promise of return of Shantung to China.
692
May 22 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Message of American Chamber of Commerce of China to President Wilson (text printed) regarding dangers arising out of Shantung decision.
694
May 25 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Further resolutions expressing concern over future of China as result of Shantung decision.
694
May 29 (2336) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: President Wilson’s intention of giving Chinese situation attentive consideration.
695
May 30 From the Minister in China (tel.)
President’s request that great powers or Japan issue definite statement as to date of return of Shantung, withdrawal of Japanese troops, and other pertinent arrangements.
695
June 7 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Disorders and boycott of Japanese goods throughout China; attempts of Japanese press to convert anti-Japanese sentiment into anti-foreign sentiment.
696
June 9 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Proclamation of general strike; continued Japanese efforts to convert anti-Japanese sentiment into anti-foreign sentiment.
696
June 9 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Increasing seriousness of situation in Shanghai; Japanese desire for repressive measures against boycott; necessity for new pronouncement regarding Shantung.
697
June 10 (2801) From the Minister in China
Resolution of Anglo-American Assn. of Peking against transfer of German interests in Shantung to Japanese (text printed).
698
[Page LXXX]June 11 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Request for views regarding Japanese demand for repressive measures in China as means of ending boycott and thus forestalling revolt in Japan.
699
June 11 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Solidifying effect of Shantung decision on national movement.
700
June 15 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Serious concern caused by Chinese situation; unlikelihood of popular uprising as result of Chinese boycott.
701
June 16 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese resentment at resolutions of British and U.S. organizations in China; charge that diplomatic officers of these nations fostered resolutions.
701
June 17 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether he and British Minister were present at passage of Shantung resolution by Anglo-American Assn.
702
June 19 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Absence of U.S. and British Ministers from Anglo-American Assn. meeting when resolution was passed.
703
Undated [Rec’d June 19] From the Japanese Embassy
Representations against resolutions of Anglo-American Assn. and American Chamber of Commerce in China as endangering U.S.-Japanese cordial relations.
703
June 19 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Request for pertinent facts regarding adoption of resolution of Anglo-American Assn. to which Japan has taken exception.
704
June 20 (428) From the Ambassador in Japan
Japanese press comment on Chinese situation and part played therein by the United States; Japanese duty to “protect” China from encroachment of occidental powers.
704
June 24 (2837) From the Minister in China
Report of boycott and strike movement in Shanghai and other cities; objection of U.S. officials and citizens to participation in repressive measures against these and other manifestations of growth of Chinese nationalist feeling.
708
June 26 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Relations of Minister and Legation staff with Anglo-American Assn.; views on causes of Japanese concern over resolution.
712
July 2 To the Japanese Embassy
Reply to Japanese representations against anti-Japanese agitation in China; denial of participation in such agitation by U.S. officials.
712
[Page LXXXI]July 12 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Secretary of State’s recommendation to Japanese delegates in Paris that they make specific declaration concerning Shantung.
714
July 18 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Japanese dispatch of commissioner to China to negotiate for retrocession of Shantung to China after ratification of peace treaty by Japan.
714
July 29 Department Memorandum
Semiofficial statement to press by Japanese Chargé that Shantung will be returned to China and Japanese troops withdrawn (text printed).
714
July 29 Department Memorandum
Japanese Chargé’s desire for deferment of threatened statement by the President on Shantung question; divergent views regarding relation of Versailles Treaty to those of 1915 and 1918.
716
Aug. 3 Department Memorandum
Statement of Japanese Foreign Minister (text printed) announcing Japan’s intentions in Shantung.
717
Aug. 6 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
President Wilson’s statement in clarification of Japanese announcement of intentions in Shantung (text printed); reference to U.S. nonacceptance of agreements of 1915 and 1918.
(Sent also to the Minister in China.)
719
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Japanese Chargé
Japanese determination to return Shantung in accordance with treaty of 1915 with China; attitude toward validity of treaties of 1915 and 1918 with China.
877
Aug. 27 To the Japanese Chargé
The President’s insistence on immediate assurances that, in conformity with decision reached at Paris, Sino-Japanese agreements of 1915 and 1918 will not enter into settlement of Shantung question.
720
Aug. 29 Department Memorandum
Explanation to Japanese Chargé of necessity for “immediate assurance” regarding Shantung and possible action in event of unfavorable Japanese reply.
722
Sept. 26 Department Memorandum
Japanese Chargé’s explanation of delay in replying to memorandum on Shantung.
722
Dec. 26 (1092) To the Chargé in China
Instructions to distribute circular setting forth U.S. attitude toward interference by Americans in political affairs of China.
723
[Page LXXXII]

COLOMBIA

Message of President Suarez to the National Congress, July 20, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 July 20 Extracts from the Message of President Suárez to the National Congress
Status of convention of 1914 with the United States arising out of secession of Panama; Colombian attitude toward petroleum rights and subsoil concessions.
724

Treaty of April 6, 1914, with the United States

amendments to the treaty proposed by the united states and accepted by the colombian government—proposals for an amendment, protocol, or separate agreement safeguarding oil interests

1918 July 5 To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Request for opinion regarding acceptance by Colombia of new draft of treaty, amending unratified treaty of 1914.
726
Aug. 15 (671) From the Chargé in Colombia
Improbability of securing Colombian approval of new draft of pending treaty of 1914.
726
1919 Feb. 18 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Discussions with Colombian Minister on terms for modification of treaty; statement of necessary changes in text.
728
Mar. 1 (3) From the Minister in Colombia
Notes exchanged between Minister and Foreign Office (texts printed) covering modifications of pending treaty of 1914 and agreement to pay no personal fees from indemnity paid by the United States.
731
Mar. 3 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Adjournment of Congress, preventing submission of amended treaty; probable action in extra session.
733
May 23 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
The President’s instructions to Department to take up treaty with the Senate immediately.
734
June 8 (82) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Rumor of unfavorable Senate discussion of treaty; impression of necessity for President’s insistence to secure approval.
734
June 11 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Forecast of favorable Senate action on Colombian treaty when discussion begins.
735
July 15 (100) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Request to present note to chairman of Senate Foreign Relations Committee (text printed) urging prompt action on amended treaty with Colombia.
735
July 31 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Imminent Senate consideration of Colombian treaty following favorable report by Foreign Relations Committee.
736
[Page LXXXIII]Aug. 2 (108) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Suggestion that exchange of notes be not discussed in open session nor published before ratification.
736
Aug. 5 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Communication to Senator Lodge of Minister’s note of Aug. 2.
736
Aug. 9 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Recommitment of treaty to Senate Committee pending examination of Colombian oil decree; instructions to present to Government proposed treaty amendment (text printed) safeguarding U.S. interests.
737
Aug. 13 (112) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Attitude of President and Foreign Minister toward delay in treaty ratification; revocation of oil decree of June 20.
738
Aug. 15 (114) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombia’s opposition to merging treaty question with that of pending petroleum legislation.
739
Aug. 22 (118) From the Minister in Colombia
Foreign Office note (text printed) refusing to merge with pending treaty the question of oil legislation but guaranteeing property rights of U.S. citizens.
740
Aug. 28 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Proposed agreement with Colombia regarding property rights of citizens of one country within the territory of the other; likelihood of continued delay in treaty ratification until acceptance of agreement.
743
Aug. 29 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to take no action on Department’s Aug. 28 until further advised.
744
Aug. 30 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Disposition of Colombian Minister to cable Government suggesting protocol to be proposed to the United States; probable Senate ratification of treaty in event of such proposal.
744
Sept. 3 (125) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Presentation to Foreign Minister of draft agreement as proposed in Department’s Aug. 28.
744
Sept. 9 [4?] (127) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
President’s renewed efforts to retain certain clauses in treaty as originally drafted.
745
Sept. 16 (134) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Denunciation by opposition press of alleged cablegram from President to Colombian consul general in New York promising favorable legislation to foreigners.
745
Sept. 20 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Message of encouragement to President; hope for early ratification of treaty.
746
[Page LXXXIV]Sept. 25 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Necessity for retention of treaty without further modification; instructions to secure additional information regarding proposed preferential consideration of U.S. capital.
747
Sept. 26 (139) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
President’s sole request that paragraph 1 of article 2 be allowed to remain as in original text.
748
Oct. 2 (145) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Pending consideration of protocol with the United States; suggestion for U.S. public statement (text printed) disclaiming imperialistic attitude toward Colombia.
748
Oct. 3 (146) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian Senate declaration reproaching U.S. Senate for its suspicions and guaranteeing respect for rights of foreigners.
749
Oct. 13 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Decision to substitute new public statement for one suggested by Minister; type of agreement with Colombia necessary to secure U.S. ratification of treaty.
751
Oct. 14 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to present note to Foreign Office (text printed), for publication if desired, explaining U.S. attitude toward pending treaty and problem of subsoil rights.
752
Oct. 29 (160) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian attitude toward treaty situation; advantageous character of pending petroleum legislation to foreign interests.
753
Oct. 30 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Inquiries as to effect produced by Department’s statement on subsoil proposal and probable action thereon.
755
Oct. 31 (185) From the Minister in Colombia
Account of presentation to Foreign Office of Department’s statement and reception thereof by Foreign Office and public; communications exchanged with Foreign Office (texts printed).
755
Nov. 5 (164) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Press campaign against the United States; disadvantages of U.S. position regarding pending treaty.
761
Nov. 8 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Improbability of ratification of treaty in absence of agreement regarding subsoil question.
762
Nov. 21 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian Minister’s belief in possibility of conclusion of agreement following passage of legislation; advantages to Colombia of such agreement.
762
[Page LXXXV]

Petroleum Legislation

executive decree no. 1255 bis, of june 20, 1919—executive resolution of july 22 suspending the decree—objections of the united states to the decree—decision of the colombian supreme court holding certain articles of the decree unconstitutional—executive decree no. 2251, of november 26, annulling decree no. 1255 bis—enactment by the colombian congress of petroleum law, no 120, approved december 30

Date and number Subject Page
1919 June 28 (95) From the Minister in Colombia
Executive Decree No. 1255 bis, June 20, 1919 (text printed), regulating the exploration of petroleum lands and affirming that subsoil mining rights belong to Government.
763
July 30 (107) From the Minister in Colombia
Executive resolution, July 22, 1919 (text printed), suspending provisions of decree of June 20.
769
Aug. 13 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Recommitment of treaty to Senate subcommittee to prevent Colombian plan for nationalization of oil from establishing undesirable percedent for Mexico and other Latin American countries.
771
Aug. 14 (113) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Announcement that decree of June 20, suspended by Executive resolution of July 22, has not yet been revoked.
771
Aug. 18 (116) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian suggestion for protocol to cover protection of U.S. property rights; request for instructions regarding attitude toward probable legislation nationalizing subsoil rights.
771
Aug. 21 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Senate dissatisfaction with treaty and disapproval of retroactive nationalization policy; additional modification of treaty amendment.
772
Aug. 29 (105) [122?] From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian assurances of respect for legitimately acquired rights; request for opinion on nationalization of subsoil rights of national property.
774
Sept. 5 (128) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Request for statement of U.S. national and State laws regarding petroleum rights, also any arguments favorable to private ownership of subsoil rights.
775
Sept. 12 (129) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Opinion of Attorney General questioning constitutionality of decree of June 20 on petroleum rights.
775
Sept. 16 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Gist of U.S. State and Federal laws regarding subsoil rights; U.S. approval of nationalization law applying to national lands only.
776
Oct. 2 (144) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Request for confirmation of report that U.S. Congress has passed law excluding foreigners from leasing oil lands.
777
[Page LXXXVI]Oct. 10 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Denial of passage of law as alleged; character of pending U.S. legislation on subsoil rights in public lands.
777
Nov. 12 From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Press challenge to Legation to cite existence of U.S. agreement with any other power guaranteeing acquired subsoil rights.
778
Nov. 20 (174) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian emphasis on early development rather than nationalization of oil lands; expectation of annulment by Supreme Court of decree of June 20.
778
Nov. 22 (176) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Supreme Court decision that decree of June 20 is unconstitutional.
779
Nov. 26 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Desire that agreement with Colombia shall be the first guaranteeing acquired subsoil rights.
779
Dec. 5 (208) From the Minister in Colombia
Executive Decree No. 2251, Nov. 26 (text printed), annulling decree of June 20 in accordance with Supreme Court decision.
780
Dec. 6 (186) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Modification of pending legislation to guarantee privately acquired rights; Colombian preference for exchange of notes rather than protocol pertaining to respect for U.S. property rights.
781
1920 Jan. 3 (238) From the Minister in Colombia
Law No. 120 of 1919 (text printed) relative to beds or deposits of hydrocarbons; probable reaction to law.
783

Ownership of Roncador and Other Cays

proclamations assuming exclusive jurisdiction of the united states; erection of lighthouses—protest by colombia

1919 Feb. 12 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to request Colombian permission for erection of lights on Old Providence Island and on one of Courtown Cays to facilitate navigation.
795
Feb. 25 (1512) Proclamation by the President
Reservation under authority of Guano Act for lighthouse purposes of cays on Serrana and Quita Sueno Banks.
796
May 16 (71) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian willingness to construct lighthouses when war restrictions are removed; inability to permit such construction by foreign governments.
797
[Page LXXXVII]June 5 (1522–A) Proclamation by the President
Reservation under authority of Guano Act for lighthouse purposes of Roncador Cay.
797
Sept. 12 (130) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian plan to send note inquiring about unauthorized erection of lighthouses on Colombian cays.
798
Sept. 17 (144) From the Minister in Colombia
Foreign Office note, Sept. 13 (text printed); making representations against unauthorized erection of lighthouses on Roncador, Quita Suefio, and Serranilla Cays.
798
Oct. 4 (147) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Press protest against erection of lighthouses by the United States; request for instructions.
800
Oct. 16 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
U.S. willingness to hear Colombian arguments regarding lighthouses subsequent to settlement of problems of treaty and agreement on subsoil rights.
801
Nov. 19 (173) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Inquiry whether written reply to Colombian note of Sept. 13 should be made in addition to oral reply.
801
Nov. 24 To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Adequacy of oral reply.
802

COSTA RICA

Political Affairs

organization of tinoco’s opponents in nicaragua; representations to nicaragua by the united states—unsuccessful invasion of costa rica by julio acosta—reports by the consul at san josé of threats against americans—bomb explosion at the legation, may 19—revolutionary affray at—the consulate, june 12—summoning of the gunboat “casttne” to port limon—further incursions from nicaragua—proposals for joint action of the other central american states; approval of the united states

Jan. 15 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Military activity in Costa Rica; imprisonment of Government opponents.
803
Jan. 18 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Continued recruiting by Government forces; impending session of Congress.
803
Jan. 20 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Instructions to keep Department informed concerning situation.
804
Jan. 25 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Anticipated invasion of Costa Rica by exiles aided by Nicaragua and Honduras; reported appeals to the United States and to Peace Conference.
804
[Page LXXXVIII]Jan. 28 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Strained situation on Nicaraguan-Costa Rican boundary; President’s request for U.S. action to forestall conflict.
805
Feb. 20 From the Costa Rican Agent
Denial of unfriendly attitude of Costa Rica toward Nicaragua and massing of armed forces on frontier; request that the United States hold Nicaragua in check.
805
Mar. 4 From the Costa Rican Agent
Representations against allegedly biased activities of U.S. consul at San José; renewed request for U.S. prevention of invasion of Costa Rica from Nicaragua.
806
Mar. 5 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Release of political prisoners; issuance of new currency; restriction on code messages.
808
Apr. 15 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Invasion of private homes by Government agents to arrest political opponents.
809
Apr. 19 From the Costa Rican Agent
Request for U.S. good offices in restraining Nicaragua’s hostile movement toward Costa Rica.
809
Apr. 21 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to investigate report of intended invasion of Costa Rica by armed mercenaries with consent of Nicaragua.
810
Apr. 23 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report on Acosta’s plan to invade Costa Rica and set up provisional government; refusal of assistance by Nicaraguan Government.
811
Apr. 29 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to intimate to President U.S. desire that he will adhere to principles of international comity in regard to Costa Rica.
811
Apr. 30 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Movement of bands of Costa Rican exiles toward border; massing of Costa Rican Government troops on frontier.
812
May 3 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to watch situation in order that Nicaragua may be warned, if necessary, against unneutral action toward Costa Rican Government.
812
May 5 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Continued mobilization of opposing Costa Rican factions; President’s request for advice regarding patrol of frontier to assure Nicaraguan neutrality.
813
May 6 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Enforced recruiting for Government troops; imminent suspension of constitutional guaranties.
813
May 7 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiries concerning basis for President’s request for advice on policing frontier, and concerning possible results of sending forces to border.
814
[Page LXXXIX]May 7 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Occupation of Pena Blanca by Acosta; his proclamation as Provisional President; insurgents’ request for recognition as belligerents by Nicaragua.
814
May 7 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Threats against U.S. citizens by Tinoco followers; request for protection of U.S. lives and property in view of seriousness of situation.
814
May 7 Mr. Julio Acosta to President Wilson (tel.)
Appeal for protection and recognition of liberating movement in Costa Rica.
815
May 10 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Telegram from consul at Corinto (text printed) repeating message from consul at San José to effect that communications are cut and his assassination is threatened if U.S. ship appears.
815
May 12 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Explanation of necessity for Department’s approval of augmentation of frontier forces; recommendation against sending large Nicaraguan force to border.
816
May 12 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Representations of Costa Rican Agent against alleged Nicaraguan hostile movement toward his country; instructions to urge preventive measures against departure of armed expeditions.
816
May 12 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Request for warships and soldiers to protect U.S. citizens in view of Tinoco threats.
817
May 13 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to inquire regarding safety of consul at San José to keep Department informed on situation, and to warn Nicaraguan authorities against unneutral acts.
817
May 15 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Inquiries concerning consul’s message as reported by consul at Corinto May 10; availability of warships if necessary.
818
May 15 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan increase of frontier forces and guaranties against departure of armed bodies to Costa Rica; difficulties encountered by Costa Rican army of exiles.
818
May 19 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Explanation of dispatch of telegram through consul at Corinto; serious reversals of Tinoco forces; request for availability of warship to protect U.S. lives.
819
May 20 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Unsuccessful attempt to blow up Legation.
820
May 21 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Growing demand for U.S. intervention; increasing seriousness of situation.
820
[Page XC]May 21 From Senator George H. Moses
Letter from attorney for Costa Rica (text printed) which quotes Costa Rican congressional resolution denying that lives of U.S. citizens have been threatened; request for comments.
821
May 22 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Costa Rican Agent’s statement that Nicaragua continues to supply arms to revolutionists; instructions again to urge neutrality.
822
May 23 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Refutation of Costa Rican Agent’s statement regarding Nicaragua’s furnishing of munitions and forces; success of Costa Rican insurgents.
823
May 26 To Senator George H. Moses
Criticism of attorney for Costa Rica for communicating with Department indirectly; defense of reports from consul at San José.
823
May 26 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Continued oppressive measures by Tinoco faction.
824
May 26 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Assurance of protection if needed but determination to avoid interference in Costa Rican domestic affairs; assignment of Consul Lawton as assistant.
824
May 27 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Unsuccessful attack by Acosta’s men upon Tinoco forces at El Jobo.
825
June 2 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request by consular agent at Punta Arenas for immediate naval assistance; transmittal of message via Corinto to U.S.S. Machias at Amapala.
825
June 4 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiry concerning reasons for request for ship.
826
June 4 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Instructions to keep Department informed regarding conditions reported at Punta Arenas.
826
June 5 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Appeal from Punta Arenas for naval assistance to protect U.S. lives and property; confirmation from other sources of necessity for protection.
826
June 10 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instruction to report object of Tinoco mission to Honduras; Department’s disapproval of supplying arms and ammunition to Tinoco.
827
June 10 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Report of Tinoco mission to Guatemala to obtain arms and ammunition; instructions to remind Guatemala of position assumed in Washington convention regarding such aid.
827
[Page XCI]June 11 To the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to report object of Tinoco mission to Salvador; Department’s disapproval of supplying arms and ammunition to Tinoco.
827
June 12 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Account of shooting in connection with dispersal of manifestation against Tinoco held in front of U.S. consulate; request for warships and marines for protection.
828
June 13 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Further report on clashes between Tinoco followers and insurgents; U.S. citizens’ request for immediate protection.
828
June 13 From the Costa Rican Agent
Repulse of insurgent forces; representations against possible invasion in future by insurgent refugees on border and warning of intended insurgent attack on U.S. forces to compromise Costa Rican Government.
829
June 13 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Summons of U.S.S. Castine; necessity for marines in face of growing revolution.
830
June 14 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Necessity for information of overt acts before dispatch of warships or marines.
831
June 16 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Report that warships and marines were requested as precautionary measure; tenseness of situation despite decrease in bloodshed.
831
June 16 Department Memorandum
Dispatch of message to Tinoco through Panaman Chargé requesting guarantee of safety of Americans in Costa Rica.
831
June 17 From the Attorney for Costa Rica
Cablegram from Costa Rican President to Costa Rican Agent (text printed) making representations regarding presence of U.S. cruiser and against allegedly distorted reports of U.S. consul at San José.
832
June 18 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Popular demand for resignation of Tinoco or U.S. intervention; inevitable revolt if neither occurs.
834
June 18 From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Increasing opposition to Tinoco, who is reported as preparing to flee.
835
June 19 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Inquiry by prominent Costa Ricans as to whether request for U.S. intervention would be favorably considered.
835
June 20 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Instructions to take no interest in matter of intervention.
836
June 20 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Request for another ship to relieve U.S.S. Castine; declaration of strength by Tinoco faction.
836
[Page XCII]June 21 (597) From the Consul at San José
Notice posted in consulate (text printed) warning U.S. citizens against giving offense or support to any Costa Rican faction.
837
June 22 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Arrival of Consul Lawton; Tinoco’s statement to Latin American diplomats that he has situation well in hand and there is no reason for his resigning.
837
June 25 (8734) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For President Wilson: Chilean Ambassador’s report of conditions under which Tinoco is willing to resign.
837
June 28 From the Consul at Guatemala, Temporarily at San José
Report on arrival in Costa Rica and revolutionary affray which occurred at the consulate.
838
July 3 (105) From the Consul at Port Limon, Temporarily in the United States
Arrival of U.S.S. Castine at Port Limon; report on situation in Costa Rica, tending to minimize danger to U.S. citizens; statement of diplomatic representatives at San José of safety of U.S. citizens.
840
July 3 From the Costa Rican Agent
Account of second invasion of Costa Rica, notwithstanding his representations to the United States on former occasion; repulse of insurgents.
843
July 7 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Salvadoran request for joint action by Central American states in regard to Costa Rica; Nicaraguan suggestion, in reply, of withdrawal of recognition of Tinoco as first step.
844
July 14 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Increasingly aggravated conditions in Punta Arenas; request for vessel to replace U.S.S. Castine.
844
July 15 From the Costa Rican Agent
Account of third invasion of Costa Rica from Nicaragua and defeat of invaders; statement of existence of peace and security in Costa Rica.
845
July 21 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President inquires regarding U.S. attitude toward Costa Rican question.
845
July 25 From Vice President Marshall
Transmittal for communication to the President of telegram from Costa Rican Congress to U.S. Senate (text printed) protesting fourth invasion from Nicaraguan soil.
846
July 28 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
U.S. sympathetic interest in proposed joint action by Central American states to secure peace in Costa Rica and approval of withdrawal of recognition of Tinoco as suggested by Nicaragua.
847
[Page XCIII]July 28 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U.S. sympathetic interest in Salvadoran proposal for joint action by Central American states to secure peace in Costa Rica and approval of withdrawal of recognition of Tinoco as suggested by Nicaragua.
(Sent also to the Minister in Honduras.)
847

surrender of power by the tinocos; assassination of joaquín; departure of federico, august 12—succession of juan b. quirós as acting president; refusal of recognition by the united states—transfer of power to aguilar barquero—good offices of the united states and Nicaragua for the reconciliation of leaders and the holding of an election—election of julio acosta

July 30 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Call for extra session of Congress; congressional authorization to make peace with Germany; rumor of imminent replacement of Tinoco by Quirós.
848
Aug. 1 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Tinoco’s request for permission of Congress to leave country on account of illness.
848
Aug. 2 (105) Resolution of the Senate of the United States
Inquiry whether Nicaragua has been permitted to commit unneutral acts against Costa Rica, and why Costa Rica was not allowed to sign Treaty of Versailles.
849
Aug. 5 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s refusal to accede to Salvadoran plan for restoring peace in Costa Rica, and ignorance of Nicaraguan proposal for withdrawal of recognition of Tinoco.
849
Aug. 9 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Request for confirmation of rumored flight of Tinoco brothers.
849
Aug. 10 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Resignation of J. Tinoco as designado and replacement by Quirós; report that F. Tinoco will go abroad.
850
Aug. 11 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Assassination of J. Tinoco.
850
Aug. 12 From the Vice Consul at Port Limon (tel.)
Departure of F. Tinoco for Kingston.
850
Aug. 13 From Mr. Alfredo González
Insistence of insurgents on inauguration of Aguilar Barquero as constitutional successor to Presidency, rather than Quirós, designated by Tinoco regime.
850
Aug. 13 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Succession of Quirós as Acting President; his silence on question of elections; request for expression of U.S. attitude toward Quirós.
851
[Page XCIV]Aug. 16 To President Wilson
Department’s efforts to have Nicaragua preserve neutrality toward factions in Costa Rica; U.S. view that war on Germany was not declared by properly constituted government of Costa Rica and hence that signature of peace treaty was needless.
852
Aug. 16 Mr. Julio Acosta to President Wilson (tel.)
Request for U.S. recognition of government represented by patriotic movement.
854
Aug. 19 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Instructions to inform Quirós that the United States will recognize no one as President unless chosen in free elections under constitution.
854
Aug. 19 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request of Quirós for Nicaraguan President’s good offices in making peace with Acosta faction; President’s desire to know U.S. attitude toward Quirós.
854
Aug. 19 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s inquiry concerning U.S. attitude toward recognition of Quirós.
855
Aug. 21 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Presentation to Congress of Tinoco’s resignation, and appointment of Quirós for remainder of term; adjournment of Congress.
855
Aug. 22 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Promise of Quirós to consult leading citizens regarding elections, once country is quiet.
855
Aug. 23 From the Costa Rican Minister of Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Announcement of succession of Quirós to Presidency vacated by Tinoco.
856
Aug. 27 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Refusal to recognize government of Quirós in Costa Rica; necessity for free elections in accordance with former constitution.
856
Aug. 29 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Request for permission to make public U.S. attitude toward Quirós government.
857
Aug. 30 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Instructions to make public U.S. refusal to recognize Quirós government; legality of succession of Aguilar Barquero pending new elections.
857
Sept. 1 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Delay in publishing U.S. recognition policy at request of Quirós and Aguilar Barquero; desirability of warships to maintain order.
857
Sept. 2 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Agreement for replacement of Quirós by Aguilar Barquero; resolution of prominent citizens to that end (text printed).
858
[Page XCV]Sept. 3 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Placing in control of Aguilar Barquero as Provisional President.
858
Sept. 4 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Aguilar Barquero’s desire for delay in holding elections.
858
Sept. 4 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
U.S. desire for early elections under old constitution with participation by all factions and amnesty granted to political offenders.
859
Sept. 5 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Information that Acosta adheres to new arrangement and is returning; general tranquillity of country.
859
Sept. 6 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Telegram sent at request of Aguilar Barquero to Minister in Nicaragua (text printed) asking that Acosta and followers return unarmed and assuring them of protection.
860
Sept. 6 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Inquiries as to manner in which Aguilar Barquero became Provisional President and whether he has announced elections under old constitution.
860
Sept. 9 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Quirós decree (text printed) designating Aguilar Barquero as Provisional President; latter’s determination to hold elections under old constitution.
860
Sept. 9 From the Nicaraguan Legation
Paraphrases of telegrams exchanged between Nicaraguan Minister and Nicaraguan President (texts printed) regarding agreement of Acosta and followers to enter Costa Rica unarmed.
861
Sept. 12 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Instructions to inform Aguilar Barquero of Acosta’s intention to proceed to San José unarmed; inquiries as to whether former is in full control of situation.
862
Sept. 14 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Arrival and enthusiastic reception of Acosta; strength of Aguilar Barquero’s position.
862
Sept. 14 From the Costa Rican Minister of Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Notification of succession of Quirós by Aguilar Barquero; composition of Cabinet and plans for early elections under old constitution.
863
Sept. 15 From the Costa Rican Minister of Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Announcement of Dec. 1 as election date for President and Deputies to Congress.
863
Sept. 28 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Request of Provisional President for some kind of recognition by the United States, as of benefit to political recovery.
864
[Page XCVI]Oct. 31 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Annulment of laws, decrees, etc., of Tinoco regime; likely appointment of Perez Zeledon as Minister to Washington.
864
Dec. 8 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Election of Acosta as President.
865

Oil Concessions

unsuccessful attempt of s. pearson & son to obtain a concession in 1913—the greulich concession of 1916; transfer to the costa rica oil corporation in 1917—grant of a concession to amory & son, june 25, 1918; disapproval of the united states

1913 Nov. 11 From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Report that son of Lloyd George is aiding Pearson & Son, British firm, which seeks oil concession in Costa Rica.
865
Nov. 22 From the Consul at San José
Disapproval by Costa Rican Congress of concession granting Pearson & Son rights to explore and develop possible oil fields.
865
Dec. 2 To the Minister in Costa Rica
Unusual interest of oil concessions in Costa Rica in view of proximity to Panama Canal.
866
1915 Nov. 15 (88) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Request for permission to recommend proposed oil contract between Costa Rica and L. J. Greulich, of New York; analysis of contract.
866
Dec. 22 To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Instructions to report when Greulich contract will be submitted to Congress and whether it is advantageous to Costa Rica.
868
1916 Jan. 7 From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Plan to submit Greulich contract to new administration-controlled Congress; Minister’s approval of contract; opposition of President said to favor British-backed counterproposal.
869
Mar. 4 To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Instructions to abstain from action on oil contracts and to report if British interests should appear.
869
Mar. 25 (42) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Instructions to refrain from facilitating Greulich contract; probable participation of other U.S. interests in field.
869
Nov. 20 Report of the Vice Consul at Port Limon
Congressional approval of Greulich contract.
871
Dec. 6 (62) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Instructions to report in full regarding Greulich concession which has been granted.
871
[Page XCVII]Apr. 17 From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Transfer of Greulich concession to Costa Rica Oil Corp., controlled by Sinclair.
872
1918 June 6 From the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.)
Submission for congressional approval of contract with Amory & Son for development of area not included in Sinclair concession; alleged representation of British interests by Amory.
872
June 24 From the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.)
Evidence that Amory concession is backed by British capital.
873
June 26 From the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.)
Congressional and Executive approval of Amory oil concession.
873
July 1 To the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.)
Importance of retaining oil concessions near Panama Canal in approved U.S. hands.
873
Aug. 8 From the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.)
Request for U.S. attitude toward Sinclair concession in view of its possible forfeiture and transfer to Amory interests.
874
Aug. 29 To the Chargé in Costa Rica (tel.)
Approval of U.S. character of Sinclair concession; dissatisfaction with presence of Amory concession near Panama Canal.
874
Aug. 31 (332) From the Chargé in Costa Rica
Impossibility of further action on Amory concession until Tinoco regime ends; security of Sinclair concession.
874
1919 Sept. 30 From the Consul at San José (tel.)
Opinion that Amory oil concession will be annulled following elections if the United States so requests.
876
Dec. 9 To the Consul at San José (tel.)
Authorization to suggest to Costa Rica that Amory concession was granted contrary to U.S. wishes, in view of proximity to Panama Canal.
876
[Page [XCVIII]]