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Minutes of Meetings of the American Commissioners Plenipotentiary and of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers of the American Delegation

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Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, January 31 to April 18, 1919 1
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January 31 1
February 1 6
February 3 10
February 4 14
February 5 16
February 6 20
February 7 22
February 10 24
February 11 28
February 12 32
February 13 35
February 15 38
February 17 42
February 18 49
February 19 53
February 20 59
February 21 63
February 22 66
February 24 71
February 25 75
February 26 76
February 27 80
February 28 83
March 1 86
March 3 88
March 4 90
March 5 93
March 6 97
March 7 99
March 11 110
March 12 114
March 13 115
March 18 119
March 19 121
March 20 125
March 21 129
March 22 131
March 27 133
March 28 137
March 29 139
March 31 139
April 1 142
April 2 144
April 3 145
April 8 146
April 9 147
April 10 148
April 12 150
April 14 151
April 16 153
April 18 154
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Memorandum of Discussion at Meeting of the Commissioners, April 18, 1919, Regarding Fiume 155
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, April 19 to June 3, 1919 158
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April 19 158
April 22 160
April 23 161
April 24 162
April 26 165
April 28 166
April 29 168
April 30 171
May 1 172
May 2 173
May 5 174
May 7 175
May 8 176
May 9 177
[Page VI]May 10 178
May 19 179
May 20 180
May 22 181
May 23 182
May 24 184
May 26 185
May 27 188
May 28 190
May 29 190
May 31 194
June 3 196
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Stenographic Report of Meeting Between the President, the Commissioners, and the Technical Advisers, June 3, 1919 197
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, June 4 to July 8, 1919 223
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June 4 223
June 5 224
June 7 225
June 9 227
June 10 228
June 12 229
June 13 232
June 14 233
June 16 235
June 17 236
June 18 238
June 19 239
June 21 241
June 23 243
June 24 244
June 25 246
June 26 249
June 27 249
June 30 251
July 1 256
July 2 262
July 3 265
July 4 267
July 5 269
July 7 270
July 8 273
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Notes on Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Experts, July 8, 1919 273
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, July 9 to 16, 1919 288
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July 9 288
July 10 290
July 11 293
July 12 295
July 15 297
July 16 301
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Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, July 16, 1919 302
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, July 17 to 23, 1919 312
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July 17 312
July 18 323
July 19 324
July 21 325
July 22 326
July 23 328
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Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Experts, July 23, 1919 329
Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners, July 24 to August 6, 1919 344
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July 24 344
July 25 345
July 28 351
July 29 352
July 30 353
July 31 354
August 1 355
August 2 356
August 6 358
[Page VII]
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Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, August 6, 1919 360
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, August 7 to 13, 1919 370
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August 7 370
August 9 372
August 11 373
August 12 376
August 13 377
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Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, August 13, 1919 379
Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners, August 14 to 19, 1919 385
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August 14 385
August 15 386
August 18 388
August 19 389
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Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, August 20, 1919 390
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, August 23 and 26, 1919 394
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August 23 394
August 26 394
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Minutes of Meeting Between the Commissioners and Technical Experts, August 27, 1919 395
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, August 29 to September 2, 1919 398
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August 29 398
August 30 400
September 1 401
September 2 402
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Minutes of Meeting Between the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, September 3, 1919 403
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, September 8 and 16, 1919 416
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September 8 416
September 16 416
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Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, September 18, 1919 417
Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners, September 23, 1919 424
Minutes of Meeting of the Commissioners and Technical Advisers, September 24, 1919 427
Minutes of Meetings of the Commissioners, September 26 to October 9, 1919 434
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September 26 434
September 29 436
September 30 439
October 1 440
October 2 442
October 7 443
October 8 445
October 9 448
[Page VIII]

Minutes of Meetings of the Steering Committee of the American Delegation

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Minutes of Meetings of the Steering Committee (1919) 453
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July 1 453
July 2 454
July 3 455
July 9 457
July 10 458
July 11 458
July 12 459
July 15 459
July 17 460
July 18 460
July 19 462
July 21 463
July 22 465
July 24 466
July 25 468
July 26 470
July 29 471
August 5 472
August 12 474
August 19 476
August 21 477
September 4 478

Other Papers Relating to the Composition, Organization, and Activities of the American Delegation

Date and Number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 14 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the Executive Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patchin)
Request that Mr. Patchin form a Committee on Personnel to aid in fulfilling the wish of the Commissioners that only essential personnel be assigned to the Commission.
483
Jan. 14 Admiral W. S. Benson to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Protest against order directing enlisted men to use the side door, freight elevator, and stairways of the Hotel Crillon in order to relieve congestion in elevators and lobby; request that order be rescinded.
483
Jan. 15 Dr. A. A. Young to the Director of the Central Bureau of Planning and Statistics (Gay)
Explanation of the plan which has been decided upon for fitting the group under Mr. Gay into the organization of the American delegation.
485
Jan. 16 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Opinion that the President’s delay in taking up the matters of organization and apportionment of subjects among the Commissioners is causing confusion and loss of time.
487
Jan. 18 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Suggestions for inclusion in Wilson’s reply to the address with which Poincaré will open the first plenary session of the Conference.
487
Jan. 19 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Admiral W. S. Benson
Information that the order for enlisted men to use the side entrance to the Crillon was issued without proper authorization, that it was promptly withdrawn, and that the officer responsible was relieved of his duties.
488
[Page IX]Jan. 20 (326) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Grew from Phillips: Request that Department be kept advised of all important matters relating to the conference.
488
Jan. 20 The Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (Hitchcock) to the Acting Secretary of State
Request for suggestions in regard to the resolution introduced by Senator Knox, December 3, 1918, declaring that U. S. purposes at the Conference should be confined to the restitution, reparation, and guarantees against the German menace to the peace of the United States (text printed).
489
Jan. 21 The Chief of the Press Bureau (Baker) to the Secretary of State
Resolutions adopted by the American press correspondents (text printed) in response to the statement issued by the Conference, January 17, in regard to publicity of the Conference.
490
Jan. 22 (362) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Grew, Harrison, and Patchin: Request that one clerk be detailed to keep the Department informed.
491
Undated Draft Declaration by the Allied and Associated Powers
Text of a draft in Secretary Lansing’s handwriting relating to rights and liberties of individuals.
492
Jan. 23 (404) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Phillips from Grew: Description of measures taken to keep Department more fully informed of Conference matters.
492
Jan. 23 (62) Memorandum by the Executive Officer of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patterson)
Notice concerning the personnel and duties of the new Committee on Personnel.
493
Jan. 24 The Acting Secretary of State to the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (Hitchcock)
Opinion that it would be inadvisable to confine the purposes of the United States in the manner suggested in the resolution introduced by Senator Knox.
494
Jan. 25 (430) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Reference to telegram No. 404, January 23, for Phillips from Grew; promise to do utmost to keep Department informed.
494
Jan. 29 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the Acting Secretary of State
Information concerning exact language used in titles of commissions signed by the President as of November 30, 1918, for Mr. Grew, Mr. Harrison, and Mr. Patchin.
494
Jan. 31 Mr. E. L. Dresel to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Suggested outline for the organization of a Division of Current Diplomatic and Political Correspondence.
(Footnote: Information that this memorandum bears the initials “R. L.” and the notation “Approved, J. C. G.”)
495
[Page X]Undated Memorandum Regarding the Executive Office of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Details of the organization and personnel of the Executive Office, which operates and maintains the Paris home of the American Commission.
497
Undated Memorandum by Dr. Isaiah Bowman
Proposals and recommendations for the reduction of the staff of the Commission.
501
Feb. 6 (73) Memorandum by the Executive Officer of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patterson)
General order from the Commissioners that the Personnel Committee investigate each office to determine whether there is a surplus or shortage of assistance.
503
Feb. 8 Lieutenant Colonel C. H. Mason to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Recommendation that arrangements be made to enable Colonel Mason to analyze questions about to come before American Commissioners in order to make available to them any strategic information involved.
504
Feb. 14 Memorandum [by the Secretary of State] of Subjects To Be Dealt With in the Preliminary Treaty of Peace
List of eight subjects.
504
Feb. 14 Bulletin of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Announcement that President Wilson will leave Paris for Brest at 9:20 p.m. from the Gare des Invalides.
505
Feb. 15 (775) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Rathbone from Davis, Lamont, and Strauss: Information concerning the organization of the group representing the U. S. Treasury; formation of the Supreme Economic Council, to which the President has appointed Messrs. Baruch, Davis, Hoover, Hurley, and McCormick as U. S. members.
505
Feb. 15 The Executive Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patchin) to the Secretary of State
Suggestion that the American delegation give out all the information possible as to what it is doing, in order to avoid the impression that the President’s absence means delay.
507
Feb. 15 (77) Memorandum by the Administrative Officer of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patterson)
Information that the titles of the Executive Officer and the Executive Office have been changed to Administrative Officer and Administrative Office.
507
Feb. 17 Bulletin No. 20 of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Request for the cooperation of all concerned in a concerted effort to protect the secrecy of the minutes of the Quai d’Orsay conversations.
508
Feb. 18 (10) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to President Wilson (tel.)
From House: Understanding that the President is to make a speech upon landing in Boston; hope that he will confine his remarks to generalities and make his first explanation of affairs to the foreign relations committees of Congress at the dinner which he is to give for them.
509
[Page XI]Feb. 19 (79) Memorandum by the Administrative Officer of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patterson)
Notice of the creation of the Division of Current Diplomatic and Political Correspondence under Mr. Dresel.
509
Feb. 19 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the American Secretaries of the Commissions and Committees on the Peace Conference
Instructions concerning the procedure to be followed in order to make the proceedings of the various commissions and committees more readily available to the Commissioners.
510
Feb. 19 (20) Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson (tel.)
Information that Colonel House is doing everything possible to hasten the work of the Conference so that the terms of preliminary peace will be ready for the President’s consideration upon his return to Paris.
511
Feb. 20 (836) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Lodge from White: Hope that efforts being made by American Commissioners to hasten settlement of peace terms with Germany may soon be successful.
512
Feb. 23 (3) Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson (tel.)
Report of a conference with Clemenceau, February 22, in which he expressed his ideas on the nature of the peace settlement.
512
Feb. 24 (4) Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson (tel.)
Information concerning the progress being made in preparation of the preliminary peace terms.
513
Feb. 24 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the American Secretaries of the Commissions and Committees on the Peace Conference
Additional instructions concerning procedure for the preparation and distribution of the minutes of various subcommittees and special commissions.
514
Feb. 26 (913) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to President Wilson (tel.)
From McCormick: Opinion that the President should land at Antwerp and proceed to Paris through Belgium and the invaded regions of France; information that Colonel House approves.
516
Feb. 26 The Commission to Negotiate Peace to President Wilson (tel.)
From House: Desire of Lloyd George to arrange to be in Paris at the time most convenient for the President; request for instructions. Report of assistance given the French in securing British sterling exchange to tide them over a financial crisis.
516
Feb. 27 (7549) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Complaint that the Embassy is not keeping the Department advised of the general attitude of the French press.
517
[Page XII]Feb. 28 (7467) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Explanation that the Embassy had been supplying the Commission with a daily résumé of French press comments and had supposed that the Commission was keeping the Department informed; intention, however, of keeping the Department informed by telegraph hereafter.
517
Feb. 28 (1) President Wilson to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Intention of landing at Antwerp; willingness, however, to go directly to Paris via Brest if Lloyd George so desires.
518
Mar. 1 (12) Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson (tel.)
Lloyd George’s opinion that the President should come directly to Paris as soon as possible.
518
Mar. 3 (3) President Wilson to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Intention to come directly to Brest and Paris as Colonel House thinks best.
519
Mar. 3 Mr. A. W. Dulles to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Attitude of the naval authorities toward the proposal that the President land at Antwerp.
519
Mar. 4 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the American Secretaries of the Commissions and Committees on the Peace Conference
Revision and amplification of the communication of February 24 regarding the minutes of various subcommittees and special commissions.
520
Mar. 4 (1) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to President Wilson (tel.)
From House: Comments on the status of the League of Nations proposal, the supplying of food to Germany, and the withdrawal of French troops from Luxemburg.
521
Mar. 4 Statement by President Wilson Upon the Adjournment of Congress
Assumption that those in the Senate who have prevented the passage of necessary legislation are willing to assume responsibility for impaired efficiency of the Government during the President’s enforced absence from the United States.
521
Mar. 11 General Tasker H. Bliss to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Suggestion that the American representative on each of the Conference committees be instructed to report to the American delegation in what respects, if any, the report of his committee violates any of the President’s declarations, and the justification therefor.
(Footnote: Information that this memorandum bears Secretary Lansing’s notation of approval.)
522
Mar. 11 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the American Secretaries of the Commissions and Committees on the Peace Conference
Instructions implementing the suggestion by General Bliss.
522
Mar. 12 President Wilson to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Colonel House: Expectation of arriving at Brest at 8:30 p.m.
523
[Page XIII]Mar. 14 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the Secretary of State
Statement (text printed) concerning possible violations of any of the President’s declarations in commission or committee reports, and annexed statements by Dr. Day and Dr. Westermann, of the Committee on Greek Claims, and Captain Montgomery, Secretary of the Polish Commission, March 13 (texts printed).
523
Mar. 16 (7701) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of Slate (tel.)
Report on the warm reception of the President on his arrival in Paris, March 15; indications that the French are coming to understand the real difference between President Wilson and his political opponents in the United States.
526
Mar. 17 Major George L. Berry to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Report of activities as liaison officer of the American Commission for labor, and resignation from that position as of March 22.
527
Mar. 17 President Wilson, M. Clemenceau, and Signor Orlando to Mr. Lloyd George
Opinion that it is imperative that Lloyd George stay in Paris until the vital questions are settled; hope that two more weeks will be sufficient.
529
Mar. 19 (1188) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Desire that the Commission assign a person to furnish the Department with cable summaries and mail copies of reports received from the Commission’s special missions of investigation in Central Europe.
530
Mar. 21 The American Commissioners Plenipotentiary (Lansing, White, Bliss, House) to President Wilson
Information that the Latin American countries are resentful of the action of the Council of Ten in practically excluding them from the Financial and Economic Commissions; opinion that the situation should be remedied.
531
Mar. 25 The Diplomatic Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Harrison) to Mr. Henry White
Memorandum on the treaty of peace with Germany, including a skeleton draft of the treaty (text printed); information that an original copy of the memorandum was handed to Dr. Scott by Mr. Hurst of the British delegation.
532
Mar. 26 (1331) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that special mission to Germany has been withdrawn, but that Commission will keep Department informed of information received from other missions.
536
Mar. 27 (7853) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Wallace) (tel.)
Observation that for 10 days the Department has received no information on the general attitude of the French press; request that Department be kept more fully advised.
537
[Page XIV]Mar. 27 Memorandum on the Organization of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace
List of the departments and associated bodies, with a description of the scope of each and the number of personnel involved.
537
Mar. 30 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Opinion that a serious mistake is being made in not arranging for a preliminary treaty of peace and a preliminary organization of the League of Nations; comment that the President’s obsession as to a League of Nations blinds him to everything else.
547
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conviction that the method of personal interviews and private conclaves is a failure and that everything should have been brought before the plenary conference; opinion that the present method has destroyed the small nations’ faith in the President.
548
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Comments on the developing bitterness against the secretiveness which is interpreted to mean failure.
549
Apr. 10 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Suggestion that the various divisions be asked to suggest any subject which they think advisable for inclusion in the treaty of peace.
(Footnote: Information that this letter bears the notation: “Approved—Woodrow Wilson.”)
549
Apr. 16 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Report of a conversation with Clemenceau, April 15, in which Colonel House remarked on the attacks in the French press; information that Clemenceau gave instructions that the papers be directed to say that American-French relations are of the very best.
550
Apr. 21 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the Acting Secretary of State
Transmittal of chart showing the organization of the Commission (chart printed facing page 550).
550
Apr. 22 Dr. S. E. Mezes to Colonel E. M. House
Information concerning probable future need for members of the staff of the Intelligence Section.
551
May 1 Composition and Functions of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace
Outline of current organization.
552
May Memorandum on the Personnel of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace
Explanatory material and list of personnel of the Commission and associated bodies.
557
[May 8] Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Expression of profound disapproval of the terms of the peace treaty handed to the German plenipotentiaries on May 7.
568
May 9 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Advice that the Secretary plans to leave for London for a four or five-day rest.
569
[Page XV]May 14 Mr. John Storck to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Protest against terms of peace offered Germany; readiness to be returned home if Commission no longer desires services in view of attitude.
569
May 15 Lieutenant A. A. Berle, Jr., to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Protest against American acquiescence in the proposed German treaty; willingness to leave question of continued connection with the Commission to the discretion of the Commissioners.
570
May 15 Sergeant Joseph V. Fuller to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Protest against the terms of peace and willingness to be relieved of duties if services are no longer desired.
571
May 15 Mr. S. E. Morison to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Protest against the terms of peace; preference for severing connection with the Commission but willingness to continue if Commissioners so desire.
571
May 15 Lieutenant George B. Noble to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Opinion that the peace terms as proposed will be provocative of future wars; feeling that the writer’s usefulness to the Commission is largely at an end.
572
May 17 Mr. William C. Bullitt to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Regret at leaving the services of the Government because of inability to labor for the establishment of the proposed peace; letters of resignation to the President and the Secretary of State (texts printed).
572
May 19 (2168) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Information that Mr. Bullitt’s resignation has been accepted as of May 19.
574
May 20 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Lieutenant A. A. Berle, Jr.
Desire of the Commissioners for further time in which to consider the course to be taken in regard to Lieutenant Berle’s memorandum of May 15.
(Footnote: Information that almost identical letters were sent on the same day to Messrs. Fuller, Morison, Noble, and Storck.)
575
May 22 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Request that David H. Miller be asked to return to the United States to confer with officials concerning technical legal questions arising under the Covenant of the League.
575
May 22 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Memorandum in regard to the questions remaining to be settled after the German and Austrian treaties are disposed of (text printed).
575
[Page XVI]May 27 The American Commissioners Plenipotentiary (Lansing, Bliss, White, House) to President Wilson
Opinion that as soon as the German delegation submits its reply regarding the conditions of peace it would be well to call a meeting of the Commissioners, technical experts, and advisers to discuss the German proposals.
587
May 27 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Explanation that the Commissioners’ letter of May 27 was written as a result of Mr. Hoover’s expression of hope that the President would follow the suggested course for his own protection.
588
May 29 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Expression of complete sympathy with the proposal set forth in the Commissioners’ letter of May 27.
588
June 5 Senator Elihu Root to Mr. Henry White
Expression of appreciation for letters received; explanation that they have not been answered because of lack of sympathy with the diplomatic policy followed at Paris.
588
June 12 The Executive Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Patchin) to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Report on the services of which the Commission will be deprived by the suspension of the activities of the Committee on Public Information on July 1, and information as to the cost of its further operation.
589
June 15 Mr. S. E. Morison to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Request that resignation be accepted, in view of the Russian policy adopted by the U. S. Government.
591
June 16 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Mr. S. E. Morison
Advice that the Commissioners have accepted resignation.
591
June 17 (376) Lieutenant A. A. Berle, Jr., to the American Commissioners Plenipotentiary
Request for release from duty, in view of disagreement with U. S. policy toward Russia.
(Footnote: Information that on June 18 the Commissioners decided that they could not approve Lieutenant Berle’s release unless he could not be persuaded to stay, but that on June 23 they approved his release.)
591
June 19 (2651) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Information that the treaty with Germany in final form has been released to the press for publication on June 20.
592
Undated Report Covering the Visit of President Wilson to the King of the Belgians, June 18 and 19, 1919
Unsigned report on the various ceremonies and activities in which the President and Mrs. Wilson participated.
593
[Page XVII]June 21 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Transmittal of telegram No. 2709 for the President’s approval; opinion that the great essential now is to have the treaty ratified and that Secretary Lansing could influence many Senators.
596
June 21 (2709) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Information that the other Commissioners think that Secretary Lansing should return to Washington to help with the treaty in the Senate; inquiry as to willingness of the Acting Secretary to assume the duties of a Commissioner; request for opinion.
596
June 23 (2381) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Opinion that the Secretary’s presence during debate on the treaty is essential; desire to delay decision on assuming duties of a Commissioner until the Secretary arrives in Washington.
596
June 28 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Suggestion that after the President’s departure it may be necessary for the Secretary to refer to conversations of the Council of Four and that there are no records of these meetings at his disposal; opinion that they would be made available on the President’s request.
597
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Description of the ceremony of the signing of the treaty of peace with Germany at Versailles on June 28.
597
Undated Statement Issued by President Wilson on the Signature of the Treaty With Germany, June 28, 1919
Expression of hope as to the things which the treaty will achieve.
604
June 28 (922) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Committee on Public Information (tel.)
Statement by President Wilson upon leaving France (text printed).
605
June 29 President Wilson to the Emperor of Japan (tel.)
Reply to a message of felicitation from the Emperor.
605
June 30 (2894) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Intention of leaving for Washington on July 10; hope that the Acting Secretary will be able to come to Paris shortly thereafter.
606
Undated [circa July 1] Memorandum by the Secretary of State
List of subjects still to be settled by the Conference.
607
[Page XVIII]July 3 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Dr. R. H. Lord
Notification that on July 1 the Commissioners approved the creation of a Russian Division composed of Mr. Whitehouse, Dr. Lord, Colonel Greene, Major Tyler, Mr. Buckler, Captain Hornbeck, and Mr. Marshall, under the charge of General Bliss.
(Footnote: Information that the same communication was sent on the same day to the other members of the Division.)
607
July 4 The Armenian National Delegation to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Message of appreciation to President Wilson signed by the Armenian, Czechoslovak, Greek, Jugoslav, and Zionist delegations (text printed).
607
July 4 The Chargé in Roumania (Schoenfeld) to the Ambassador in France (Wallace) (tel.)
For repetition to the Department: Message of congratulation to the President from the King of Roumania (text printed).
608
July 6 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Dr. Manley O. Hudson
Instructions in accordance with the Commissioners’ decision that the American experts on the various commissions should participate in all the work toward preparing the treaties with Bulgaria and Turkey.
(Footnote: List of 28 other members of the Commission to whom the same communication was sent.)
609
July 8 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Mr. Henry White
Willingness of Mr. McNeir to take over responsibility for the organization and business management of the Commission.
610
July 9 The Secretary of State to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Instructions concerning the daily information to be sent to the Secretary after his departure.
610
July 10 (3053) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement of facts to be used in answering press criticisms of a dance given in the Hotel Crillon on July 4.
611
July 10 (3554) Admiral Knapp to Admiral Benson (tel.)
From House: Message from Colonel House’s secretary for Mr. Polk urging him to come by way of London to confer with Colonel House (text printed).
611
July 10 (3063) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President from Lansing: Receipt of inquiry from Clemenceau whether there is objection to furnishing copies of the minutes of the meetings of the League of Nations Commission to the committee of the French Chamber now considering the treaty; request for instructions.
611
[Page XIX]July 11 (2545) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From the President for Lansing: Opinion that it would be unwise to supply legislative committee with minutes of League of Nations Commission or of any other Commission.
612
July 12 (3115) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Congratulatory message for President Wilson from Emir Feisal of the Hedjaz, July 9 (text printed).
612
July 12 Statement by Secretary Lansing to the American Correspondents Before His Departure From France
Expression of views on the present world situation.
612
July 12 Statement by Secretary Lansing to the French Press
Farewell to France and the French people and expression of gratitude for the courtesies extended by them.
614
July 12 (2555) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For White and Bliss: Advice that Mr. Polk will sail on July 21 and anticipates with pleasure his association with the other American Commissioners.
615
July 15 (2567) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Information concerning sailing plans; request that Secretary Lansing be notified of Mr. Polk’s regret at not being able to await Secretary Lansing’s arrival.
615
July 16 (2583) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Message from President Wilson (text printed) for the Armenian, Czechoslovak, Greek, Jugoslav, and Zionist delegations, in reply to their message of July 4.
615
July 19 (2601) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Notification that Under Secretary of State Polk has been appointed a Commissioner Plenipotentiary and designated as senior member of the Commission.
616
July 19 (3227) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Advice that the arrival of Mr. Polk will necessitate the issuance of a new document of appointment and full power for the Commissioners jointly.
616
July 19 Form of Commission Issued to Under Secretary of State Frank L. Polk as Commissioner Plenipotentiary
Text of commission.
616
July 23 (3278) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From White: Message from Colonel House (text printed) stating inability to return to Paris to sign treaty with Austria.
617
July 23 (3283) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Hope that the Department will be able to furnish funds to continue the operation of the Committee on Public Information until the end of the Commission’s work in Paris.
617
[Page XX]July 25 (2634) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Information that Mr. Polk has the necessary documents of appointment with him.
618
July 25 Mr. A. W. Dulles to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Desire of the Steering Committee that Mr. Grew attend as many of its meetings as possible.
618
July 29 (3386) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Report of arrival in Paris, July 29, and attendance at afternoon meeting of the Council.
619
July 29 Mr. Herman Suter to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Résumé of arrangements with France for wireless service; information that the head of the French radio system has suggested that a new arrangement should be made now that peace has been signed with Germany; opinion that it would be most unfortunate if the service should be curtailed in any way; belief that if Mr. White would recall the arrangement to the attention of Premier Clemenceau, it could be continued without interruption.
619
July 30 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Expression of ideas concerning the post-war situation, with particular regard to U. S.-British relations; report of conversations with Viscount Grey, whom the British Government desire to send to Washington as Ambassador to settle the questions of (1) the naval building program, (2) the Irish question, and (3) the League of Nations; information that he may be willing to go, not as Ambassador, but as a special envoy; outline of Grey’s views on the three questions.
620
July 30 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Mr. Henry White
Inquiry whether Mr. White feels that he can properly take up with Premier Clemenceau the question of continuance of the wireless service.
624
July 31 (2678) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Information concerning the political situation in Washington.
624
July 31 (2681) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Request for opinion whether the services of the Committee on Public Information are indispensable to the Commission.
625
Aug. 1 Organization of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
List of personnel.
626
Aug. 4 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Suggestion that the President state in his letter to Senator Lodge that he cannot make available the memoranda relating to the debates in the Commission on the League of Nations because their confidential character would make it necessary to secure the consent of all the other nations.
627
Aug. 5 The Executive Committee of the American Correspondents in Paris to Mr. Frank L. Polk
Desire for continuance of the press arrangements which obtained during the negotiation of the German treaty.
628
[Page XXI]Aug. 8 President Wilson to the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (Lodge)
Transmittal of draft of League of Nations which had been presented to the Conference by the American Commissioners and of formal report of the Commission on the League of Nations; explanation of inability to supply memoranda of debates because of their confidential character.
629
Aug. 8 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson (tel.)
Information concerning the conditions under which Lord Grey will go to Washington as special envoy.
630
Aug. 9 (3604) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Inquiries in regard to continuation of radio service for the American press.
631
Aug. 11 Lieutenant R. E. Condon to the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Information that Mr. White discussed with Premier Clemenceau the matter of the arrangement with France for wireless service and that Premier Clemenceau stated that the United States should continue to use the service.
632
Aug. 11 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Expression of optimism at the course matters in London have taken; advice that Lord Grey has decided to go to Washington as special envoy about September 15.
632
Aug. 12 Colonel E. M. House to the British Prime Minister (Lloyd George)
Congratulations upon obtaining Lord Grey’s consent to go to the United States.
634
Aug. 20 Mr. Frank L. Polk to Colonel E. M. House
Comments on the Thracian question in the Bulgarian treaty, on the prospects of the treaty with Germany, and on the dangers of the Roumanian situation.
634
Aug. 26 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Plans to sail for the United States with Lord Grey on September 16.
635
Aug. 28 (5882) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For House: Assurance that Grey will be heartily welcomed; urgent request that House reconsider his plans and return to Paris to participate in the work there.
636
Aug. 28 (2989) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Request that press be notified that transmission of their news by wireless from Paris to America will be discontinued on August 30; information that news report and editorial summary heretofore sent by the New York office will be continued by the Department.
636
Aug. 29 (2914) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President from House: Advice that House has refused to comment upon press reports of a breach between them.
637
Aug. 29 (5896) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
From the President for House: Opinion that the best way to treat the press reports is with silent contempt.
637
[Page XXII]Aug. 30 (2934) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President from House: Expression of best wishes regarding decision of the President to tour the United States.
637
Aug. 30 Colonel E. M. House to Mr. Frank L. Polk
Intention to return to Paris about September 13 at the President’s urgent request; request for advice as to kind of statement to be given out.
638
Aug. 31 (2938) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President from House: Willingness to return to Paris as requested; suggested statement (text printed) to be made by the White House or Department.
639
Sept. 2 (4002) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Request for advice concerning House’s return; inquiry whether he will be head of delegation.
639
Sept. 2 (351) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For House from Polk: Suggestions for statement regarding return to Paris.
639
Sept. 2 (5912) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For House: Information concerning statement made to the press by the Department concerning House’s return to Paris.
640
Sept. 3 (3019) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Explanation of reasons for House’s return to Paris; advice that Polk will remain head of the delegation.
640
Sept. 3 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Hope that Lord Grey will be accorded the warmest possible welcome in Washington; comments upon the English financial situation and upon the progress of the treaties.
640
Sept. 5 (4061) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Expression of thanks for the Secretary’s telegram No. 3019 of September 3; opinion that there will be no friction.
641
Sept. 9 (2241) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
From Polk: Suggestion that it would be better to make a statement rather than have the news of House’s return to Paris leak out.
641
Sept. 9 (2634) Colonel E. M. House to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Request for opinion as to necessity for making any statement, in view of Department’s announcement to the press.
642
Sept. 9 (4126) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Information concerning Balfour’s opinion that the Council should adjourn upon delivery of the Bulgarian treaty.
642
[Page XXIII]Sept. 10 (2249) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
From Polk: Advice that the Associated Press has been given an exact paraphrase of the statement which the Department gave out concerning House’s return to Paris.
643
Sept. 15 The Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Authorization to advise Senator Hitchcock that the Secretary has refused to comment on Mr. Bullitt’s testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, but that the Secretary is strongly in favor of immediate ratification of the treaty without modifications.
643
Sept. 15 Colonel E. M. House to President Wilson
Report, on arrival in Paris, that the Conference is practically a thing of the past; opinion that the Conference should adjourn, leaving someone to sign the Bulgarian and Hungarian treaties, the Turkish treaty to be taken up later; willingness to appear before the Senate committee in the hope of putting the President’s position in a better light.
644
Sept. 15 (4216) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President and the Secretary of State from Polk: Information that Lloyd George wanted to adjourn the Conference immediately, but finally agreed to try to persuade a British delegate to stay another week.
644
Sept. 16 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Account of a conversation on May 19 with Mr. Bullitt, who had resigned May 17 because of his objections to the treaty.
645
Sept. 17 (4244) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President and the Secretary of State from Polk: Report that at the September 15 meeting, all the other powers insisted that pending matters should be disposed of before adjournment and that Lloyd George agreed to appoint Sir Eyre Crowe as British plenipotentiary.
646
Sept. 19 (1410) The Ambassador in France (Wallace) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President from House: Statement of the five principal problems which remain to be settled.
647
Sept. 20 (3180) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Communication from the President (text printed) approving Polk’s position with regard to adjournment.
648
Sept. 26 Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State
Report that nothing further can be done with the mandates until the Turkish treaty is formulated, that House’s presence in Paris is useless, and that the Hotel Crillon and all the staff not needed by Polk should be discontinued.
648
Sept. 29 (4427) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For Phillips from Polk: Inquiry as to exact state of the President’s health and whether he is able to attend to business.
649
Sept. 30 (3291) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Phillips for Polk: Report that the President is not able to do any work at present.
649
[Page XXIV]Oct. 2 (509) The Chargé in Italy (Jay) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram to the Department (text printed) requesting information concerning the President’s health and instructions as to official use of the information with the Italian Government, especially in connection with further appeals in the Fiume matter; request for any available information in the meantime.
650
Oct. 3 (3328) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Opinion that it is almost time for the work of the Supreme Council to cease; request for views on the subject and for advice on the status of the Hungarian treaty.
650
Oct. 3 (3327) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Advice that the President is very ill and unable to attend to any business.
650
Oct. 4 (115) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Chargé in Italy (Jay) (tel.)
News summary on the President’s condition received by the Commission on October 4 (text printed); advice that the President’s emphatic decision regarding Fiume, previously conveyed to the chargé, removes all doubt on the question.
651
Oct. 5 (4532) Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President and the Secretary of State: Intention of sailing from Brest on October 6.
651
Oct. 7 (3366) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Phillips for Polk: Information that the President is very ill and must have a complete rest for at least six weeks.
651
Oct. 9 (4589) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Opinion that the Roumanian and Italian questions should be settled by the Commission before it leaves; inquiries and suggestions in regard to other pending questions.
652
Oct. 10 (3396) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Agreement that the Commission should handle the Roumanian and Italian questions; replies to inquiries and suggestions.
653
Oct. 16 (4692) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Creation, on July 28, by the Council of the Heads of Delegations, of a committee to be set up in Paris to coordinate the interpretation and execution of the clauses of the German treaty; inquiry as to name of U. S. representative.
653
Oct. 18 (3482) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Understanding that the committee on coordination is to be composed of the diplomatic representatives in Paris; inquiry as to accuracy of this understanding.
654
Oct. 25 (4826) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Confirmation of the Department’s understanding.
654
Oct. 25 (4823) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Suggestion that the Commission’s files be transferred to the Embassy temporarily before being sent to Washington.
655
[Page XXV]Nov. 1 (3637) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Approval of suggestion regarding the Commission’s files; request that certain documents be forwarded to the Department at once.
655
Nov. 3 (4958) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For Phillips from Polk: Opinion that it will not be possible to return home on the November 10 sailing of the George Washington as suggested by Mr. Phillips; request to know the Secretary’s wishes; inquiry whether the George Washington might not be sent back again to take home the Commission, assistants and records.
656
Nov. 5 (5006) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Report that the requested data will be forwarded as soon as possible.
657
Nov. 5 (3675) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Opinion that it would be best for Mr. Polk to return on the next sailing of the George Washington, transferring unsettled problems to the Department.
657
Nov. 6 (5040) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Opinion that to leave now would create hopeless confusion; desire of all the U. S. Commissioners to leave about December 1; further inquiry whether the George Washington can come back at that time.
657
Nov. 7 (5071) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Inquiries in regard to giving notice to servants of the Crillon Hotel and closing Mission.
658
Nov. 8 (3704) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Approval of arrangement for Mr. Polk to remain in Paris until about December 1.
659
Nov. 8 (3709) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Authorization to give Crillon servants 30 days’ notice and proceed on the theory that the whole Mission will return home about December 1.
659
Nov. 8 (3706) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Suggestions concerning the proposed committee on coordination; observation that American representative cannot be appointed until the United States has ratified the German treaty.
659
Nov. 11 (5123) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Information that all agree as to impossibility of leaving before December 1.
660
Nov. 12 (5137) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Request for instructions as to position to be taken by the Mission in the event the treaty is rejected.
660
Nov. 14 (3762) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Information that it is impossible for the George Washington to make another trip, but that the America will be in Brest about December 1 and that arrangements can be made for shipping Mission files, etc., if desired.
661
[Page XXVI]Nov. 14 (3769) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Information that the President is too ill to be consulted concerning possible rejection of the treaty; opinion, however, that Commission would have to discontinue connection with work of drafting the other treaties.
661
Nov. 14 (5187) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: List of questions still unsettled.
662
Nov. 15 (5221) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Inquiry whether Mission should be closed and all Commissioners and personnel sent home on the America about December 1.
666
Nov. 18 (3801) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Instructions for the closing of the Mission and the return of the Commissioners and personnel on the America.
666
Nov. 18 The Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the Secretary of State
List of documents being transmitted in accordance with the Department’s telegram No. 3637 of November 1; explanation of system of numbering various minutes of the Conference.
667
Nov. 19 (5285) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Request that arrangements be made for the America to sail December 6.
669
Nov. 21 The Secretary of State to the Secretary to the President (Tumulty)
Transmittal of a letter for the President, with the request that it be delivered if Mr. Tumulty has no comments.
669
Nov. 21 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Agreement with the President that no statement should be made in regard to the Senate’s refusal to ratify the treaty: comments on possible action to be taken in regard to (1) U. S. representatives in Paris, (2) U. S. member of the Supreme Council, and (3) the Bulgarian treaty.
669
Nov. 24 The Secretary to the President (Tumulty) to the Secretary of State
Memorandum from Mrs. Wilson (text printed) giving the President’s views in regard to the three questions set forth in the Secretary’s letter of November 21.
672
Nov. 27 (3906) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Instructions as to position to be taken by the Commission on various questions as a result of the Senate’s refusal to ratify the treaty.
672
Nov. 29 The French Ambassador (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Request that the American delegation remain in Paris a short time longer, especially in view of the German postponement of the exchange of ratifications which was to take place December 1.
673
Nov. 29 (5468) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Account of a conversation with Lloyd George on November 24 in which Lloyd George expressed his views in regard to Russia, Turkey, Germany, Ireland, and the League of Nations.
675
[Page XXVII]Nov. 30 (5491) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Suggested reply (text printed) which might be made to the French Ambassador’s letter of November 29; opinion that Ambassador Wallace should be empowered to handle the Hungarian and Roumanian questions and consult with the Supreme Council whenever necessary to coordinate relations with Germany.
677
Nov. 30 (5492) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Belief that, in view of the Department’s telegram No. 3906 of November 27, the Commission has failed to make clear its position in regard to the execution of the German treaty; résumé of its past and present position, with comments and inquiries regarding U. S. representation on various commissions.
678
Dec. 1 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Transmittal of the French Ambassador’s letter of November 29; opinion that the Commissioners should return December 6 as planned and that everything after that should be handled through regular diplomatic channels; hope that the President can approve this view.
680
[Dec. 1] Mrs. Woodrow Wilson to the Secretary of State
Information that the President adheres to his original decision in regard to the return of the Commissioners.
682
Dec. 1 The Secretary of State to the French Ambassador (Jusserand)
Advice that the President adheres to his original decision regarding the return of the American Commissioners.
682
Dec. 1 (3934) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Notification of reply sent to the French Ambassador, and instructions to return December 6 as planned.
683
Dec. 1 (5517) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Account of renewed French plea that the Commissioners delay their departure; urgent request that the Commissioners be allowed to remain until December 9 and that consideration be given to requesting General Bliss to remain until the Germans ratify the treaty.
683
Dec. 2 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Transmittal of Mr. Polk’s telegram No. 5517 of December 1; desire for opinion.
684
Dec. 2 Mrs. Woodrow Wilson to the Secretary of State
Information that the President thinks that it will do no harm to delay the departure until December 9, that all the Commission should leave then, and that this should be final.
684
Dec. 2 (3941) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Transmittal of the President’s instructions, and advice that this is final.
684
Dec. 2 (5531) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Report that in view of French pleas the Commissioners recommend that departure be delayed until December 9 and that General Bliss be directed to remain until the Germans sign the protocol; hope that the matter may be looked at in the light of the new circumstances.
685
[Page XXVIII]Dec. 3 (3948) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Advice that the President’s decision as transmitted in telegram No. 3941 of December 2 is final.
686
Dec. 3 The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador (Grey)
Information that the American delegation will leave Paris on December 9.
686
Dec. 4 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Report of British action taken and of reply given.
687
Dec. 4 (5542) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of Slate (tel.)
For Phillips from Polk: Hope that it is understood that even if all the delegates go home there are some questions concerning the Hungarian and Roumanian situations which require that the United States be represented.
687
Dec. 4 (5554) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Urgent suggestion that Ambassador Wallace be directed to represent the United States in the negotiations with Roumania and in connection with the Hungarian treaty and that he be permitted at least to sit in the Council in connection with the deposit of ratifications and the signing of the protocol by Germany.
688
Dec. 5 (5557) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Notification that arrangements have been made for holding the America, and that the Commission hopes to sail from Brest on December 10.
689
Dec. 5 (3975) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Instructions and comments regarding U. S. representation on various commissions mentioned in telegram No. 5492 of November 30.
689
Dec. 5 (5572) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Information that Clemenceau is depressed by what he considers U. S. abandonment of France; report that bitter criticism against the United States exists in France and England; renewal of hope that Ambassador Wallace may be given at least limited powers in connection with the unfinished business.
691
Dec. 6 (3985) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Explanation to be given Clemenceau if necessary; statement of Department’s position regarding German reluctance to sign the protocol.
691
Dec. 6 (5592) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Renewed insistence upon the necessity of having someone finish the work before the Supreme Council which will still be pending when the delegation leaves.
693
Dec. 7 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Transmittal of Mr. Polk’s telegram No. 5592 of December 6, with request for decision, and suggestion of two possible methods of handling the problem, one of which is to direct Ambassador Wallace to sit in on the Supreme Council as an observer and to give him full powers to sign the Hungarian and Roumanian treaties.
694
[Page XXIX][Dec. 8] Mrs. Woodrow Wilson to the Secretary of State
Information that the President is willing to adopt the plan to have Ambassador Wallace sit in on the Council.
696
Dec. 8 The Secretary of State to the French Ambassador (Jusserand)
Information that Ambassador Wallace will be authorized to sit in on the Council as an observer.
696
Dec. 8 The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador (Grey)
Information that Ambassador Wallace will be authorized to sit in on the Council as an observer.
697
Dec. 8 (3997) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Advice as to the instructions being given to Ambassador Wallace.
697
Dec. 8 (9279) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Wallace) (tel.)
Authorization to sit in on the Council as an observer and to sign the Hungarian and the Roumanian treaties.
697
Dec. 8 (4002) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Message for Clemenceau (text printed) expressing appreciation for the hospitality of the French people extended to the American delegation.
698
Dec. 8 (4003) The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Expression of appreciation for work of the Commission.
698
Dec. 8 (5601) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Comments in regard to Department’s telegram No. 3985 of December 6.
699
Dec. 9 (1736) The Ambassador in France (Wallace) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Polk: Expression of gratitude for decision set forth in Department’s telegram No. 3997 of December 8; advice that Clemenceau and the French are satisfied; report on final details.
700
Dec. 12 The French Ambassador (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Expression of appreciation for the message sent to Clemenceau.
700
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