By the President of the United States of America.
Whereas a Naturalization Convention between the United States of America and the Republic of Salvador, was concluded and signed [Page 708] by their respective Plenipotentiaries at San Salvador on the fourteenth day of March, one thousand nine hundred and eight, the original of which Convention, being in the English and Spanish languages, is word for word as follows:
Convention to fix the condition of naturalized citizen who renew their residence in the country of their origin.
The President of the United States of America and the President of the Republic of Salvador, desiring to regulate the citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the United States of America to Salvador, and from Salvador to the United States of America, have resolved to conclude a convention on this subject and for that purpose have appointed their plenipotentiaries to conclude a convention, that is to say: the President of the United States of America, John Hanaford Gregory, Jr., Chargé d’Affaires ad interim of the United States at Salvador; and the President of Salvador, señor doctor don Salvador Rodríguez González, Minister for Foreign Affairs, who have agreed to and signed the following Articles:
Citizens of the United States who may or shall have been naturalized in Salvador, upon their own application or by their own consent, will be considered by the United States as citizens of the Republic of Salvador. Reciprocally, Salvadoreans who may or shall have been naturalized in the United States upon their own application or with their own consent, will be considered by the Republic of Salvador as citizens of the United States:
If a Salvadorean, naturalized in the United States of America, renews his residence in Salvador, without intent to return to the United States, he may be held to have renounced his naturalization in the United States. Reciprocally, if a citizen of the United States, naturalized in Salvador, renews his residence in the United States, without intent to return to Salvador, he may be presumed to have renounced his naturalization in Salvador.
The intent not to return may be held to exist when the person naturalized in the one country, resides more than two years in the other country, but this presumption may be destroyed by evidence to the contrary.
It is mutually agreed that the definition of the word “citizen,” as used in this convention, shall be held to mean a person to whom nationality of the United States or Salvador attaches.
A recognized citizen of the one party, returning to the territory of the other, remains liable to trial and legal punishment for an action [Page 709] punishable by the laws of his original country and committed before his emigration; but not for the emigration itself, saving always the limitation established by the laws of his original country, and any other remission of liability to punishment.
The declaration of intention to become a citizen of the one or the other country has not for either party the effect of naturalization.
The present convention shall go into effect immediately on the exchange of ratifications, and in the event of either party giving the other notice of its intention to terminate the convention it shall continue to be in effect for one year more, to count from the date of such notice.
The present convention shall be submitted to the approval and ratification of the respective appropriate authorities of each of the contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at San Salvador or Washington within twenty-four months of the date hereof.
Signed at the city of San Salvador, on the fourteenth day of March, one thousand nine hundred and eight.
John Hanaford Gregory Jr. [seal.]
Salvador Rodriguez G [seal.]
And whereas the said Convention has been duly ratified on both parts, and the ratifications of the two governments were exchanged in the City of San Salvador, on the twentieth day of July, one thousand nine hundred and eight;
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, having caused the said Convention to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed.
By the President:
Alvey A. Adee
Acting Secretary of State.