Mr. Taylor to Mr. Olney.

No. 601.]

Sir: Referring to your Nos. 505 and 506 of May 13, and 527 of June 24, and to my No. 563 of September 14 last, relative to the cases of William and Lewis Glean, George Calvar, and Peter Duarte, arrested in Cuba, I now have the honor to inclose herewith copies with translations of two notes received from the minister of state, in which I am informed of the action taken in each case by the Cuban authorities and of the reasons why, in his judgment, the protocol of January 12, 1877, has not been violated.

I am, etc.,

Hannis Taylor.
[Inclosure in No. 601.—Translation.]

The Duke of Tetuan to Mr. Taylor.

Excellency: As I had the honor to inform you in my notes of June 6 and July 12 of the present year, I duly asked my colleagues, the ministers of war and ultramar, for information relative to the detention in the Island of Cuba of the American citizens, William and Lewis Glean, George Calvar, and Peter Duarte.

From the answers which I have just received from said ministers it appears that the brothers Glean were indicted (procesados) at Sagua la Grande, because it was strongly suspected that they were endeavoring to organize and raise an insurgent force (partida). Their detention took place on the 12th of April. After the usual proceedings the military jurisdiction on June 15 turned the case over to the civil jurisdiction, according to the dispositions of the protocol of 1877, and sent the proceedings to the court of instruction of Santa Clara, at the disposal of which the prisoners were also placed.

George Calvar was detained on April 1, he having been reported to be accessory in raising funds for the insurrection. The first proceedings were instituted against him by the first division of the army of operations, but as there was not sufficient evidence against him, and as there was no desire to delay the liberation of the prisoner, the case was altogether abandoned.

The first division of the army of operations instituted proceedings to investigate the conduct of Peter Duarte, and his case being similar to that of George Calvar he was set free, although placed at the disposal of the Governor-General so that the latter might take any gubernative measure regarding him which might be thought proper, because there was strong suspicion that he was somewhat connected with the insurrection and did not observe the strict neutrality which every foreigner ought to observe.

[Page 651]

The Captain-General of the Island of Cuba observes that in none of these cases has the protocol of January 12, 1877, been violated, because the above-mentioned American citizens have not been detained by the military authorities for a longer time than it was necessary to find out their true citizenship, and in view thereof to withdraw from the case, for which course it is necessary, according to law, that the Captain-General ask for the procedure and that the military auditor and civil attorney be heard.

Your excellency with your just judgment will recognize that this argument is well founded, and more so as the spirit of the protocol of January 12, 1877, is not that Americans can not be detained by the military authority, but that they can not be tried by it, which is a different thing; because the detention is ordered as a preventive measure, and when it is carried out the individual’s nationality is not exactly known, while the trial is only held a posteriori and after the prisoner’s personality has been perfectly determined. Otherwise it would be possible for many individuals to escape judicial action by falsely alleging American nationality. For this reason it is not and can not be sufficient that the prisoner alleges it, but it is necessary for him to prove it in such manner that no doubt will be left.

In view of the above, I hope, Mr. Minister, that the Government of the Union, of which you are the authorized and most worthy representative, will acknowledge that there has been no infraction whatever in the matter to which this note refers, and will understand some other cases which I will have the honor to present to your consideration in following notes.

General Weyler adds that the difficulty of communications in the interior of the Island of Cuba, especially in the actual rainy season, increased by the accumulation of affairs caused by the insurrection, is the reason that prevents all the above-mentioned measures to be taken with the rapidity which he would desire, although he has issued peremptory instructions that whenever similar cases arise they may be acted upon with all promptness.

I avail myself, etc.,

The Duke of Tetuan.
[Inclosure 2 in No. 601.—Translation.]

The Duke of Tetuan to Mr. Taylor.

Excellency: I have had the honor to receive your kind note, No. 176, of the 14th instant, relative to the proceedings instituted at Sagua la Grande (Cuba) against the brothers Lewis and William Glean, accused of complicity with the present Cuban insurrection.

As I informed you in my note dated the 17th of August, the proceedings against the brothers Glean passed under the civil jurisdiction on the 14th of June last, in compliance with the provisions of the protocol of January 12, 1877.

Since that date I have not heard anything further in the case, and for the purpose of complying with your desire I have to-day asked my colleague, the minister of ultramar, to obtain and furnish me supplementary information upon the matter.

I avail myself, etc.,

The Duke of Tetuan.