Mr. Tripp to Mr. Olney.
Vienna , March 25, 1896 . (Received April 10.)
Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith copies of correspondence in case of Bernhard Winter, a naturalized citizen of the United States, who, upon his return to his native country, was arrested and required to serve in the army of Austria-Hungary.
Mr. Winter, as will be seen from the correspondence, failed to disclose to the military authorities upon his arrest that he was an American citizen, not knowing, as he informed the legation, that he was thereby exempt from military duty.
I am glad to have the pleasure of reporting that the cases of arrest for failure to perform military duty on the part of naturalized citizens of the United States returning to Austria-Hungary are now quite infrequent. The local military authorities of the different provinces now under instructions from the foreign office give to American passports the credit to which they are entitled, and unless some peculiar facts exist in the given case, the citizen, if arrested, is immediately released upon presentation of his papers without recourse to a consul or the legation itself.
I have, etc.,