Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Gresham.

No. 943.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a note which I have received from the Earl of Rosebery relative to the importation of cattle to this country from the United States, transmitting a list of alleged cases of contagious pleuro-pneumonia recently landed from Boston and Baltimore.

In this connection, I also inclose a question asked yesterday in the House of Commons and answered by Mr. Gardner, president of the board of agriculture, relative to the importation of Canadian cattle into this country.

I have, etc.,

Robert T. Lincoln.
[Inclosure to No. 943.]

The Earl of Rosebery to Mr. Lincoln.

Sir: I referred to the hoard of agriculture the note which you did me the honor to address to me on the 27th ultimo, in which you urged that the restrictions imposed in this country on the importation of cattle from the United States might without risk be relaxed, as the cattle of the United States were now free from contagious pleuro-pneumonia, and I have now received the board’s reply.

They state that they do not think that they can add anything with advantage to their observations, which I had the honor to communicate to you in my note of the 28th of January, and which do not appear to have been under the consideration of the United States Government at the time when the instructions upon which your note of the 27th of February was based were issued.

The board inform me that since their letter, upon which my note of the 28th of January was founded, was written the instances noted in the accompanying table have occurred in which cattle landed from the United States have been declared by the board’s veterinary officers to have been suffering from contagious pleuro-pneumonia.

I have the honor to request that you will submit these observations and the inclosed table to the Government of the United States.

I have, etc.,

Date of landing. Name of vessel. Port of shipment. Number of diseased cattle.
Jan. 21 Kansas Boston 9
29 British Empire do l
29 Cambroman do 2
Feb. 3 British King Baltimore 1
5 Ottoman Boston 1
10 Sagamore do 2
14 Michigan do 2
Total 18
[Inclosure 2 to No. 943.—From the London Times, Friday, March 17, 1893.]

The importation of Canadian cattle.

Mr. Leng asked the president of the board of agriculture whether, in consideration of the importance of British agriculturists, importers, and shipowners being able to make their arrangements for the ensuing season, he would now state what course the board intended to take with respect to the restrictions on the importation of Canadian cattle.

Mr. Gardner. After the most careful consideration of the various facts which have been brought under my notice in connection with this matter, I have arrived at the [Page 352]conclusion that I should not be justified in restoring the privilege of free entry in the case of Canadian cattle until I am in possession of the additional evidence which would be afforded by a systematic examination, extending over a reasonable and sufficient period, of the lungs of the cattle landed here for slaughter at the port. I trust that the result of such an examination may be to confirm the view that the requirement of slaughter at the port can be waived with reasonable security against the importation of diseased animals, in which case, and in the absence of any unfavorable news from Canada, I consider that I should be bound under the statute to allow free entry to be resumed.

Mr. Leng. Can the right honorable gentleman give the probable length of the examination?

Mr. Gardner. The examination will not be prolonged beyond the period found to be necessary for the purpose, and the more numerous the cattle which come forward the shorter will necessarily be the period of examination.