Mr. Terrell to Mr. Olney.

No. 619.]

Sir: I have the honor to inform you that on Saturday, the 7th instant, I presented to the foreign minister in person the original of [Page 1302] the inclosed note relating to the imprisonment of Mardiros K. Mooradian, the naturalized American citizen of Armenian origin about whose imprisonment I wired you on the 7th instant.

The imprisonment of this class of citizens on mere suspicion has become so frequent and protracted, and is in such plain violation of my agreement regarding them, that a firm and emphatic protest was a necessity. The release of Mooradian was demanded at once, but in view of what was known to be the minister’s want of power to act without instructions, I agreed to wait until to-day for a final answer.

The foreign minister informed me this morning that he had instructed the minister of police to surrender Mooradian on condition that I would see executed the order requiring his immediate departure from Turkish soil, and would not permit him to go at large while here. He has been surrendered to me, and I have sent him with my cavass to a steamer which leaves this afternoon for Athens.

Extracts from various letters found in Mooradian’s possession are inclosed, three of which are in red ink with the red seal of the Revolutionary Society attached. They leave no doubt of his character as a member of a revolutionary society—a fact which he virtually admitted in stating to me that he came to this city under orders which he was compelled to obey.

I inclose copy of my telegram sent on his release.

I have, etc.,

A. W. Terrell.
[Inclosure 1 in No. 619.]

Mr. Terrell to Turkhan Pasha.

No. 82.]

Sir: A dispatch from the consul-general of the United States here has informed me of the arrest in this city of Mardiros K. Mooradian, which he learned from the minister of police, who doubted the genuineness of the American passport of Mooradian, and in whose possession he claimed to have found compromising letters. He is an American citizen.

I find nothing in those letters, as translated from the Armenian language in which they were written, to show that the bearer was engaged in armed resistance in Turkey to the authority of the Turkish Government. The mere fact that the letters create a suspicion of the man’s connection with a revolutionary society which has been founded in a foreign land to aid revolution in Turkey can not subject him to punishment in a Turkish court on his peaceful return to Turkey. Such a suspicion may furnish a sufficient reason to exclude him from the Ottoman Empire as an undesirable person, to which, under general instructions from my Government, I will interpose no objection; but it does not afford a sufficient reason for his imprisonment, against which I now formally protest and demand his immediate release.

If Mooradian has violated any law of Turkey, except that of doing some act on Turkish soil in aid of a revolution against the authority of His Imperial Majesty, I claim, under Article IV of the treaty of 1830, and the laws of the United States made in accordance therewith, the right to try him myself.

If he has been arrested while engaged in armed resistance to the [Page 1303] authority of Turkey, I would concede jurisdiction of the offense to a Turkish court, and content myself with demanding an impartial trial.

It is hoped that your excellency will, in this matter, conform your action to the agreement made between your predecessor and myself regarding such cases, and order the prompt release of Mr. Mooradian.

Receive, etc.,

A. W. Terrell.