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austria-hungary.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
351 Mr. Grant to Mr. Gresham 1893. Apr. 11 Military service: Incloses correspondence with foreign office relative to the arrest and subsequent release of Edward Drucker. 1
353 Same to same Apr. 19 Arrest of Charles Mercy alias Saul Moerser for evasion of military service and embezzlement previous to emigration: The former charge was withdrawn on evidence of naturalization and Mercy was released under bond on the latter charge. He is supposed to have returned to the United States. Incloses correspondence with Mercy, the latter’s father, and the foreign office. 5
299 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Grant May 8 Same subject: Acknowledging dispatch No. 353, remarks that Mercy’s naturalization papers were taken from him, and instructs him to express the expectation that naturalized citizens will be accorded the right of free appeal to the legation and the opportunity to establish by documentary proof their claim for intervention on the part of the legation. 13
360 Mr. Grant to Mr. Gresham May 12 Same subject: Incloses note from foreign office announcing Mercy’s flight, and presenting the circumstance as a justification for the withholding of his papers. 14
310 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Grant June 1 Same subject: Observes, in answer to the above, that there is an essential distinction between withholding naturalization papers from the bearer and withholding them from the legation of the United States. 14
13 Mr. Tripp to Mr. Gresham. July 1 Military service: John Benich, a naturalized citizen, is arrested and enlisted by the authorities of Croatia in spite of consular agent’s representations, and in violation of the treaty which they openly disregard. Presents the case as an outrage, and incloses reports of the consular agent and correspondence with the foreign office. Benich has been temporarily released. 15
14 Same to same July 12 Arrest of Charles Mercy: The bond referred to in dispatch No. 360 has been declared forfeited, and a bill of indictment for embezzlement issued. 22
29 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Tripp Sept. 4 Military service—case of John Benich: The refusal of Croatian authorities to recognize the validity of the treaty or the authority of the United States representative at Fiume calls for their rebuke by the Austrian Government, and a proper expression of regret. Insists upon the necessity of a passport being recognized as valid until shown to be otherwise, and then the facts should at once be brought to the notice of the Government of the United States through its legation. 23
[Page XXXVI]135 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Dockery. 1892. Mar. 1 Duties imposed on skins exported to the United States by the State of Bahia, in violation of reciprocity arrangement: Incloses a report from the consul of the United States at Bahia in the matter, and instructs him to bring it to the attention of the minister for foreign affairs. 26
228 Mr. Lawrence to Mr. Blaine Apr. 23 Same subject: The Government of Brazil is seeking an understanding with the governors of the States of Bahia and Pernambuco in order that protests may be attended to. Notes inclosed. 26
155 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Conger June 2 Same subject: Approves Mr. Lawrence’s note to the minister for foreign affairs inclosed in dispatch No. 228. 28
390 Mr. Markell to Mr. Foster 1893. Feb. 10 Same subject: The governor of Bahia has decided that the duty can not be imposed, and that claims of export merchants are valid. Correspondence inclosed. 28
408 Mr. Markell to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 13 Same subject: The governor of Bahia will reimburse all export duties improperly collected, and that of Pernambuco will lay the matter before the State legislature. 29
248 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Conger Mar. 30 Same subject: Expresses gratification at the information contained in dispatch No. 390. 30
250 Same to same Apr. 3 Death of Baron de Aguiar de Andrade, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Brazil on a special mission: Honors paid by the United States Government at the funeral. 30
419 Mr. Conger to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 3 Insurrection in the State of Bio Grande do Sul caused by the struggle between the governor, De Castilhos, who is supported by the Federal Government, and Martins, the leader of a majority of the people in the State: Reports the prevailing belief that the forces sent by the Government will suppress the movement. 31
258 Mr. Adee to Mr. Conger Apr. 28 Duties imposed on exports: Expresses gratification at the information conveyed in dispatch No. 408. 31
436 Mr. Conger to Mr. Gresham. May 3 Dissensions in the Brazilian cabinet: Reports the resignation of the ministers of finance and of marine. Incloses comments of the Rio News accompanying Admiral deMello’s letter of resignation. 32
442 Same to same May 13 Death of Baron de Aguiar de Andrade: Incloses letter of minister of foreign affairs acknowledging the courtesies extended by the Government of the United States. 35
446 Mr. Conger to Mr. Gresham May 26 Impeachment of Vice-President Peixoto: Reports that a motion for the, has been introduced in the House of Deputies and that the outcome is uncertain. 36
448 Same to same June 2 Duties on wheat flour imported from the United States: Orders have been issued, after some delay, to discontinue their collection and to strictly carry out the reciprocity arrangement. Correspondence with minister for foreign affairs inclosed. 36
453 Same to same June 9 Impeachment of Vice-President Peixoto was voted down June 8 by 93 to 52. 38
277 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Conger. July 5 Duties on wheat flour imported from the United States: Expresses gratification at the information conveyed in dispatch No. 448. 38
283 Same to same July 18 Cipher messages prohibited from the United States to Brazil while allowed from Brazil to the United States: Points out the hardship on commerce imposed by that measure and instructs him to endeavor to have it removed, or at least to secure the adoption of suggestion that American exporters may be permitted to send such telegrams on depositing their code with the Brazilian Government. 38
408 Mr. Conger to Mr. Gresham. July 24 Insurrection in Rio Grande do Sul: Reports progress of the, the action and subsequent capture of Admiral Wanden Kolk, who joined the insurrectionists on July 6. Signs of dissatisfaction with the Vice-President’s course are apparent. 39
[Page XXXVII] Mr. Adee to Mr. Conger (telegram). 1893. July 27 Cipher messages: Repeats the instructions given in No. 283 above. 41
Mr. Conger to Mr. Gresham (telegram). July 29 Same subject: Removal of restrictions announced. 41
474 Same to same July 31 Same subject: Quotes a telegram from minister for foreign affairs annnouncing the reestablishment of cipher communication between the United States and the northern States of Brazil. 41
Mr. Conger to Mr. Gresham Aug. 3 Same subject: Cipher messages to Santos are still prohibited for the present. 42
481 Same to same Aug. 18 Tax levied by the State of Amazonas on rubber in transit: A speedy settlement has been requested of the State authorities by the Government. Notes inclosed. 42
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 30 Cipher messages to Santos: Removal of prohibition announced. 43
485 Same to same Aug. 30 Same subject: Incloses correspondence exchanged with the minister for foreign affairs. 43
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Sept. 6 Revolt of the Brazilian navy announced. It threatens to bombard Rio de Janeiro unless Vice-President Peixoto resign. 45
3 Same to same (telegram) Sept. 7 Same subject: The diplomatic corps has declined an invitation of the Vice-President to discuss with him measures to adopt in the event of bombardment. 45
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 7 Same subject: Reports that Admiral de Mello is in command of the revolt, gives the forces and position of the respective parties, and the number of foreign war vessels; trade little affected thus far. 46
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 8 Same subject: Martial law has been authorized I by the Brazilian Congress, and a war vessel of the United States should be sent at once. 46
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Sept. 8 Telegraphic communications with Brazil: Instructs him to make representations against the suspension of. 47
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 9 Revolt of Brazilian navy: The U. S. S. Detroit has been ordered to Rio and the Charleston is due there. 47
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Sept. 11 Telegraphic communications with Brazil: All telegrams in plain language may be transmitted upon visa of the minister of marine. 47
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 11 Revolt of Brazilian navy. Martial law has been declared and commerce is suspended. 47
4 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 11 Same subject: Proclamation of revolting Admiral de Mello enclosed, 47
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 14 Same subject: Opening of hostilites and prohibition of commercial telegrams reported. 49
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 15 Same subject: The insurgents have ordered merchant vessels to move out of the harbor with the apparent purpose of bombarding city. 49
11 Same to same Sept. 19 Restrictions on commercial telegrams. The minister for foreign affairs at first declines to remove them, but a sebsequent official notice allows the transmission of telegrams visaed by the minister of finance. 50
17 Same to same Sept. 19 Revolt of the Brazilian navy. Situation unchanged. The contest appears to be between the army and the navy, and the people show but little interest in the outcome. 50
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 28 Same subject: Reports that he has asked U. S. naval commander to protect by force if necessary American commerce, and suggests a strong stand against bombardment of Rio de Janeiro which has already caused loss of life and property. 51
Mr. Strobel to Mr. Thompsom (telegram). Sept. 28 Same subject: Instructs him to furnish commanding officer U. S. naval forces with copy of order to the effect that further destruction and bloodshed should be prevented by exertion of all the moral force of the Government of the United States by protest and otherwise and every effort used to protect American persons and property. 51
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Oct. 2 Same subject: Admiral in command of revolting squadron announced intention to bombard Rio de Janeiro. Representatives of United States, Prance, Great Britain, Portugal, and Italy in conference to-day advised commanding officers of foreign war vessels to prevent bombardment. 51
[Page XXXVIII] Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). 1893. Oct. 2 Same subject: Diplomatic representatives by verbal note request that Government of Brazil deprive revolting squadron of all pretexts for hostile action against Rio de Janeiro. 51
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 9 Same subject: Through intervention of foreign fleet admiral in command of revolting squadron promises not to bombard Rio de Janeiro. It is rumored that an attempt will be made to restore the monarchy. 52
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Oct. 11 Same subject: Instructs him to favor legitimate entry and export of American-owned merchandise and innocent trade of American ships. 52
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Oct. 12 Same subject: Notice issued on September 18, that necessary protection would be given legitimate entry and export of American-owned merchandise. English barge seized, Americans not interferred with, Fort Ville-jaignon, hitherto neutral, has declared for the revolutionists. Will not Are on Rio de Janeiro. General bombardment Tuesday between revolting fleet and squadron and three loyal forts. 52
39 Same to same Oct. 13 Same subject: Confirms above, incloses notice published by him regarding protection of American merchandise and ships. Reports indifference of the people in the conflict. 53
43 Same to same Oct. 13 Same subject: Reviews the situation from September 21 to date, including Boynton’s abortive attempt to blow up revolting ship Aquidaban. 53
44 Same to same Oct, 13 Same subject: Reports that diplomatic representatives and naval commanders have come to an understanding with the revolutionists, that Rio de Janeiro shall not be bombarded. Incloses correspondence. 55
45 Same to same Oct. 14 Same subject: Decree withdrawing the protection of Brazilian flag; from revolting: squadron. 59
46 Same to same Oct. 16 Same subject: Second manifesto of Admiral Mello. 60
30 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson. Oct. 19 Restrictions on Telegrams: Commends his efforts towards removing the same. 62
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Oct. 21 Revolt of the Brazilian navy: Arrival of Newark. Situation unchanged. Attempts of insurgents to land unsuccessful. Daily bombardments between forts. 62
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 21 Same subject: Admiral in command of revolting sqadron again threatens to bombard Rio de Janerio. Mello attempting to form government at Catharina. Rumored blockade at that port. 62
Same to same (telegram Oct. 24 Same subject: Reports request of insnrgents through U. S. naval commander for recognition as belligerents, a provisional government having been established at Desterro. Names of members given. Uruguay refuses recognition to insurgent vessel Republica. 63
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Oct. 25 Same subject. Recognition of insurgents as belligerents not justified by their present political organization. Instructs him to report events as they occur, espouse the cause of neither side, and maintain until further instructions the attitude of an indifferent spectator. 63
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Oct. 30 Same subject: Asks if he is authorized to protect by force American merchandise placed on Brazilian barges. 63
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Nov. 1 Same subject: Any interference with American commerce by the insurgents, who are not recognized as belligerents, can and should be resisted. 64
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Nov. 7 Same subject: Movements of Government troops against insurgents. Lack of understanding between Mello and southern insurgents. English officers and seamen killed by explosion of magazine. 64
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 8 Same subject: Killing or noncombatants by sugents’ fire on Rio. 64
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 9 Same subject: Firing by insurgents on Rio in violation of agreement; loss of a torpedo boat by insurgents; bombardment apprehended. 65
[Page XXXIX]65 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). 1893. Nov. 10 Revolt of Brazilian navy: Recognition of insurgents; incloses communications from minister of foreign affairs provisional government and Admiral Mello requesting that they be recognized as belligerents. 65
66 Same to same Nov. 10 Same subject: Diplomatic representatives inform Brazilian Government that the manufacture of arms and projectiles in arsenal will afford insurgents grounds for an attack on the city. Brazilian Government, while declining to be limited in its preparation for defense, denies manufacture of arms incloses correspondence. 66
68 Same to same Nov. 10 Same subject: Report upon the causes and progress of the revolution in Brazil. 68
69 Same to same Nov. 10 Same subject: Firing by insurgents on searchlight on Gloria Hill endangering adjacent suburbs; representations of Brazilian Government communicated by diplomatic corps to naval commanders, who decline to interfere. Correspondence inclosed. 70
70 Same to same Nov. 10 Same subject: Accidental meeting with Admiral Mello on board U. S. S. Newark on the third day after arrival at Rio de Janeiro. Politics not discussed. Impartiality of Admiral Stanton, of the U. S. Navy. 72
74 Same to same Nov. 14 Same subject: Admiral da Gama, a monarchist, commanding arsenal on the Ilha das Cobras and Fort Villegaignon, hitherto neutral, likely to join the insurgents. Action taken for protection of foreign commerce by war vessels. 73
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 15 Same subject: Martial law declared in the State of Pernambuco. 74
Same to Same (telegram) Nov. 16 Same subject: Newspapers suppressed and members of Congress arrested in Pernambuco. 74
78 Same to same Nov. 16 Same subject: Decree establishing martial law at Pernambuco from Nov. 15 to Nov. 30 inclosed. 74
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 17 Same subject: Asks if he shall act with diplomatic corps in presenting request of commanders of foreign naval vessels that firing from forts cease while harbor is searched for floating torpedoes. Similar demand made of insurgents. 75
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Nov. 17 Same subject: If neutral ships are endangered by floating torpedoes, instructs him to join with his colleagues in requesting both sides to permit removal. 75
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Nov. 18 Same subject: United States consul at pernambuco asks for a naval vessel, at the request of American citizens. 75
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Nov. 20 Same subject: Remarks that his telegram of the 18th does not afford sufficient basis for instructions; directs him to confer with commander of United States naval forces. 75
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Nov. 23 Same subject: Insurgent monitor Javary sunk by shell from Nichtheroy batteries. 76
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 23 Same subject: 1,800 insurgents from Rio Grande marching on Santa Catharina; 5,000 Government troops ordered against them. Information received from minister foreign affairs. 76
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 29 Same subject: Attack on Nichtheroy and Santa Catharina by insurgents repulsed. Loss of the Pallas and Maderia of the revolted squadron. 76
88 Same to same Nov. 30 Same subject: Martial law continued in the District Federal and the States of Pernambuco Rio de Janeiro San Paula, Parana, Santa Catharina, and Rio Grand do Sul. Incloses decree. 76
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 1 Same subject: Admiral Mello left bay this morning, going south on Aauidaban. 77
93 Same to same Dec. 4 Same subject: Reports particulars of Admiral Mello’s forcing his passage out of the bay. Growing probability of Admiral da Gama’s accession to the insurgent cause. 77
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 5 Same subject: Firing on the city by insurgents-Message from leading American merchants of Rio to the effect that the city is fired into daily, no notice being given. A number of foreigners have been killed. Asks that American squadron be instructed to prevent firing into the city until proper notice is given and to keep constantly a line of communication with the consulate. 78
[Page XL] Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram) 1893. Dec. 5 Revolt of Brazilian navy. Reports that the condition of affairs at Pernambuco does not warrant the dispatch of a war vessel to that place. Admiral Mello, after pillaging quarantine station of Ilha, Grande sailed south. 78
94 Same to same Dec. 5 Same subject: Firing on the city by insurgents. Foreign naval commanders decline to interfere. Incloses correspondence with Brazilian Government and naval commanders and petitions of American residents against firing on the city. 78
95 Same to same Dec. 5 Same subject: Acknowledges department telegram of November 20. Explains that consul at Pernambuco reported mere rumors of impending danger which proved unfounded. 82
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 9 Same subject: Admiral da Gama has declared in favor of the insurgents and restoration of the Government as it was before establishment of the Republic. 82
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 13 Same snbject: Minister of foreign affairs informs him that the object of the insurgents will henceforth be the restoration of the Empire. 82
Same to same (telegram) Dec 14 Same subject: Admiral da Gama informs commanders that he will endeavor to prevent landing of merchandise. British naval forces have withdrawn protection. 82
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 17 Same subject: Commanders have withdrawn protection from commerce. American vessels have protested, but, not having communication with Capt. Picking, can not ascertain his position. Situation the same. Department’s instructions of November 1 should be enforced. 83
107 Same to same Dec. 18 Same subject: Manifest of Admiral da Gama declaring for insurrection and the restoration of the Empire unfavorably received by the masses and the press. Incloses manifesto and Government decree declaring da Gama a traitor. 83
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 21 Same subject: Reports order of Government for merchant vessels to move from islands held by insurgents and refusal of protection to American vessels by Capt. Picking on the ground that it would be interfering with insurgents’ line of fire. 85
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 22 Same subject: Brazilian Government published a notice ordering all ships exposed to remove, as revolted ships have taken refuge amidst foreign ships and therefrom fire upon land forces. 85
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 25 Same subject: Insurgents have informed Italian admiral that they will bombard unless recognized as belligerents. Perceptible change in favor of the Government has been created by da Gama’s proclamation in favor of restoration of the Empire. Engagements with insurgents do not appear to have been enforced by naval commanding officers. 86
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Dec. 25 Same subject: Instructs him to remain in Rio unless danger is greater than reported. 86
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Dec. 26 Same subject: Recognition as belligerents asked by da Gama. Diplomatic representatives will not recommend it. 86
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 27 Same subject: Reports that he has been in Rio most of the time, always when needed. 86
112 Same to same Dec. 27 Same subject: Martial law continued in certain States. Decree inclosed. 87
114 Same to same Dec. 28 Same subject: Confirms telegram of December 27; says he was in Rio every day up to November 20, and two or three times a week since, except for eight days, when his health prevented. 87
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 30 Same subject: Da Gama has been notified by commandants that two days’ notice must be given before a bombardment. 88
117 Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject: Communications of foreign representatives to respective naval officers relative to change of landing place for merchant vessels, firing by insurgents on city, and impediments to commence and intercourse between diplomatic and naval officers inclosed. 88
[Page XLI]118 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). 1893. Dec. 31 Revolt of Brazilian navy: Communication of naval officers to da Gama respecting two days’ notice before bombarding inclosed. 89
119 Same to same Dee. 31 Same subject: Landing place for merchant vessels and anchorage for war ships. Incloses note of Brazilian Government to diplomatic corps and of the latter to naval commanders with regard to. 89
120 Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject: Recognition as belligerents and threatened bombardment. Incloses two communications of da Gama to foreign naval commanders relative to, and reply that reasons advanced as to bombardment are not considered sufficient. 90
121 Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject: Progress of events bring no tangible advantage to either side. Government has captured a few islands in the bay; ships purchased abroad still at Pernambuco Reliable news from interior not obtainable. 92
122 Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject: Protection to commerce. Difference between Capt. Picking and himself originating from the order of Brazilian Government removing vessels from certain anchorage. Incloses his letter to and curt reply of Capt. Picking, also notice of foreign commanders to Mello of November 6, declaring that they would protect their vessels and barges covered by their flag, and notice of British Consul withdrawing protection. 93
123 Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject: Second manifesto of da Gama, declaring that his first was falsified, and that the fight is not for the Empire, but for constitutional government, inclosed; also anonymous circular attacking the Government for hiring at enormous cost mercenary crews for the ships purchased abroad. 96
Same to same (telegram) 1894. Jan. 2 Same subject: Substance of the above condensed. 98
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Jan. 6 Same subject: Belligerent recognition. Being uninformed of any essential change of conditions since former application, no present occasion appears for a different response to this renewed request. 98
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 9 Same subject: Protection of commerce. Instructs Mr. Thompson to cooperate with senior commander of our naval forces and others, if possible, in effort to induce the insurgents to designate a place, if there be such a place, where neutral vessels may receive and discharge cargoes in safety without interference with military operations. 98
78 Same to same Jan. 11 Same subject: Protection of commerce. While warlike preparations of Government in the city justify naval officers’ determination no longer to prevent bombardment, United States will not acquiesce in interference with United States vessels unless made effective with all foreign shipping and in pursuance of same tangible plan of orderly military operations. 98
130 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Jan. 12 Same subject: Harbormaster’s orders for the shifting of vessels in the bay. Incloses joint note of naval commanders complaining that they are not explicit, and requesting that they should be issued by the Government itself. 99
131 Same to same Jan. 12 Same subject: Bombardment notice of 48 hours requested by naval commanders and withdrawal from their position as to prevention of the same based on the mounting of big guns by the Brazilian Government contrary to original agreement. Incloses communication of diplomatic corps to and from Government and naval commanders. 101
134 Same to same Jan. 12 Same subject: Condition of affairs reviewed. Interference of insurgents with commercial operations; United States and German vessels unmolested; redemption of State bank notes by the Bank of the Republic of Rio; return of the Aquidaban to Rio; incloses reports of consul at Pernambuco on condition of affairs there, in and prolonged stay of Nictheroy (purchased the United States by Government) in that port. 105
[Page XLII]135 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. 1894. Jan. 12 Revolt of the Brazilian navy: Letter of Da Gama to Capt. Picking, U. S. Commander, announcing his assumption of command of insurgent vessels, and of Capt. Picking to legation inclosing same. 108
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 16 Same subject: Arrival of U. S. S. New York at Rio de Janeiro; report of fighting in the bay. 109
138 Same to same Jan. 20 Same subject: Manifesto of governor of State of Minas-Geraes in support of Brazilian Government inclosed. 109
139 Same to same Jan. 20 Same subject: Reaction in favor of Republic following Da Gama’s declaration in behalf of restoration of monarchy; incloses manifesto of Annabel Falcao, theretofore opposed to Government and a supporter of Mello. 112
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 22 Same subject: The Niciheroy and two other naval vessels sailed south from Pernambuco on the 20th; fighting at Nictheroy still continues; no changes to report; Government successes at Bage officially confirmed. 114
141 Same to same Jan. 26 Same subject: Report of success of Government in the south; raising of the siege of Bage; taking of the island of Mocaugue by insurgents: rumors of Mello’s illness and disaffection; action of Da Gama in prohibiting landing of coal likely to revive naval commanders’ course for protection of commerce. 114
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 29 Same subject: Detroit will convey American vessels to the docks to-day, and if fired upon she is prepared to return fire, in the event of which a general engagement may be brought on. 115
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 29 Same subject: British minister opposed to use of force for protection of commerce; other diplomatic representatives concur in his views. 116
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram) Jan. 29 Same subject: Instructs Mr. Thompson to confer with Admiral Benham, who has reported a serious condition of affairs. 116
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 30 Same subject: Asks what is the attitude of Admiral Benham as compared with that of Captain Picking toward insurgents and Government; relations between him and legation; protection to merchant vessels of United States; blockade by insurgents. 116
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Jan. 31 Same subject: Reports action of U. S. war vessel Detroit for the protection of American merchant vessels, and the raising of blockade on commerce resulting therefrom. 116
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject: Telegram satisfactory; trusts he is in accord with Benham, who has acted within his instructions. 117
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject: Attitude of United States naval commanders has apparently not changed since commencement of revolution; that of other foreign commanders did to the extent that they did not enforce observation of the notice indorsed in his No. 122 by DaGama; relations with Government of Brazil and Admiral Benham are cordial, and his action has the concurrence of Mr. Thompson, although he was not consulted beforehand. 118
148 Same to same Feb. 1 Same subject: Martial law in several States of Brazil; incloses decree continuing and establishing. 118
150 Same to same Feb. 1 Same subject: Confirms telegram of January 29; reports conferences held in regard to insurgents forbidding coal to be landed at Rio from an island owned by British merchants, and disposition of European representatives to recognize insurgents as belligerents ascribed to jealousy of the progress of American trade under reciprocity arrangement. 119
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 2 Same subject: Under the influence of the action of American squadron in stopping the fire of the insurgents against their vessels, commerce is now progressing favorably; the restrictive order of the insurgents has been withdrawn, and ships of all nationalities are coming to the shore. 120
[Page XLIII] Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). 1894. Feb. 2 Revolt of Brazilian navy: Bombardment again threatened by insurgents; will probably be opposed by foreign war vessels; military operations in the south. 120
Same to same (telegram Feb. 3 Same subject: Transmits a request of Da Gama for recognition of insurgents as belligerents; reasons advanced for not as yet verified; reports that the British are inclined to grant same. 121
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Feb. 5 Same subject: Instructs him to inform insurgent admiral that the President still considers the situation does not entitle insurgents to recognition as belligerents. 121
155 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Feb. 5 Same subject: Action of Admiral Benham for the protection of commerce is fully approved by him as carrying out diplomatic instructions. Change of attitude of naval forces at the time of Da Gama’s accession to command which resulted in virtual blockade until said action of Admiral Benham; incloses Admiral Benham’s letter to Da Gama, defining his position as confined to protection of American vessels and denying right of visitation. 121
156 Same to same Feb. 6 Same subject: Reports retirement of Senhor Cardoso from the Provisional Government, which he condemns for its dissensions; rumored intention of Peixoto to resign after the revolution has been conquered; troubles at Pernambuco caused by crews of vessels purchased by Brazil in the United States; incloses Consul Burke’s letter and Da Gama’s protest against preparations of Brazilian Government in and around Rio. 123
160 Same to same Feb. 6 Same subject: incloses letter of Admiral Da Gama to Admiral Benham, requesting recognition of insurgents as belligerents and states that claims of territory therein set forth are greatly exaggerated. 120
161 Same to same Feb. 9 Same subject: Incloses protest of Da Gama against Admiral Benham’s action, which is represented as a violation of the modus vivendi under which vessels were not allowed to move to the wharves, but could load and discharge in the bay and as having carried the withdrawal of the restriction to the detriment of the insurgents. 127
163 Same to same Feb. 11 Reception by President Peixotto; incloses his address and the President’s reply expressing regret at delay; Admiral Benham was presented at the close of the reception. 128
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 12 Revolt of the Brazilian navy; attack of insurgents on Nictheroy repulsed with heavy loss. 129
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Feb. 14 Same subject: Approves his action for protection of American shins in the harbor. 130
169 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Feb. 14 Same subject: Joint communication of naval commanders denying assertion of Brazilian Government that no preparations were being made on shore was acknowledged but not forwarded to the Government. 130
170 Same to same Feb. 15 Same subject: Reports progress of events at Rio and in the south, and prospects of coming elections. 131
173 Same to same Feb. 17 Same subject: Removal of guns by the Government upon representations of the foreign naval commanders is followed by the capture of the island of Bom Jesus by the insurgents; incloses correspondence between Government naval commanders and diplomatic representatives. 132
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 19 Same subject: Arrival of the Nictheroy yesterday; several hundred troops landed at entrance of harbor. 134
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 21 Same subject: Republica joined Aquidaban this morning off port, passing forts under heavy fire; Aquidaban expected to return very soon with troops; Government fleet at Bahia; engagement may take place near there. 135
178 Same to same Feb. 22 Same subject: Replies to instruction No. 78; explains that action in regard to prevention of bombardment ceased with notice by naval commanders that the city being fortified they would no longer interfere. 135
[Page XLIV] Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). 1894. Feb. 26 Revolt of the Brazilian navy: States that a report is current that insurgents have taken Sapa; state of siege extended to February 28. 135
182 Same to same Feb. 28 Same subject: State of siege continued to February 28: decree inclosed. 135
184 Same to same Feb. 28 Same subject: Reports events subsequent to his No. 170; rumors of disaffection in Government fleet; attempt of insurgents to organize a government at Curitaba; prevalence of yellow fever has caused Admiral Benham to send ships out of the harbor and to suspend communication with the shore. 136
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 2 Same subject: Victory of the Government forces in the south; result of the Presidential elections. 137
190 Same to same Mar. 6 Same subject: State of siege continued until April 30; decree inclosed. 137
193 Same to same Mar. 6 Election of President and Vice President, both civilians, was practically unanimous; received with general favor and likely to break up revolution; result will not be officially announced until Congress meets. 138
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 10 Revolt of the Brazilian navy; government fleet very near entrance to bay; maybe expected to come in at any time; rebel troops are reported landing at Abaluba; reported desertion of Gen. Salquado with 800 men from the rebel army. 138
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 11 Same subject: Diplomatic representatives notified by the Government of intention to use batteries in the city against insurgents at the close of forty-eight hours from 12 m. to-day. 138
Same to same (telegram)J Mar. 12 Same subject: Terms of capitulation submitted to President Peixoto through the Portuguese minister. 139
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 12 Same subject: Communicates terms of capitulation above referred to. 139
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 12 Same subject: Is informed on the authority of the Portuguese chargé d’ affaires that Da Gama has asked and been granted an asylum on board Portuguese naval vessel Mindello yesterday. 139
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 13 Same subject: Firing from loyal forts commenced at 12; insurgents have not returned fire; the Government has refused Da Gama’s terms and will open from city batteries this afternoon: city practically deserted. 139
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 13 Same subject: Insurgents surrendered without returning fire of city batteries thirty minutes after firing commenced. 140
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 14 Same subject: Particulars of the collapse of the revolt. 140
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 16 Same subject: Revolution officially declared at at end; the Goverment has occupied forts and shins held by the insurgents. 140
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 17 Same subject: Asylum granted to rebels by Portuguese vessels; a merchant steamer was fired upon and stopped, the refugees being taken from the ship; a demand for the surrender of those on board the war vessel has been refused. 140
204 Same to same Mar. 19 Same subject: Recites events condensed in previous telegrams terminating in Da Gama’s taking refuge under fire on Portuguese war vessel Mindello; asked by Portuguese chargé d’affaires to support the acceptance of terms offered by Da Gama for capitulation, but declined; incloses notice to Americans of intended bombardment and correspondence with foreign office relative to extending the term originally stated. 141

correspondence with the legation of brazil at Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Senhor Mendonça to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Mar. 25 Death of Baron de Aguiar de Andrada; envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary on special mission, announced. 143
Mr. Gresham to Senhor Mendonça. Mar. 28 Same subject: Sympathy of the President expressed. 143
[Page XLV] Senhor Cerqueira to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Mar. 29 Same subject: Thanks for sympathy expressed. 144
Senhor Mendonça to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 29 Same subject: Thanks for honors paid at funeral. 144
Mr. Gresham to Senhor Cerqueira. Apr. 1 Same subject: Acknowledges note of March 29. Sympathy expressed. 144
Senhor Mendonça to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 9 Telegraphic messages: Interdiction of, was in accordance with conventions between Brazil and countries having telegraphic connection with her; the United States did not receive notice because it has no such convention, and the American line does not land in Brazil but in the Argentine Republic. 145
Mr. Gresham to Senhor Mendonça. Sept. 15 Same subject: Explains the action of the Department referred to in the above note, and expresses the hope that the restrictions will soon be removed. 145
Senhor Mendonça to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 14 Revolt of Brazilian navy: Incloses text of decree denying to vessels and forts engaged in the protection of the national flag. 146
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Mendonça. Oct. 16 1894. Same subject: Acknowledges note of Oct. 14 147
Senhor Mendonça to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 19 Same subject: Announces the end of the rebellion. Quotes telegram from his Government relative to the sinking of the Aquldaban by a torpedo boat and the surrender to Argentine Government of Mello, with the other vessels of the revolted squadron. 148

central america.

guatemala and honduras.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
181 Mr. Pacheco to Mr. Foster 1892. Aug. 25 Neutrality laws of the United States: Violation of, by American steamer S. Pizatti in Honduras; transmits telegram received from President of Honduras explaining why and how American steamer S. Pizatti was chartered for military service. 149
115 Mr. Foster to Mr. Pacheco Sept. 27 Same subject: Arming of the American steamer S. Pizatti by Honduranian Government does not cause any disability to the vessel to continue using her United States documents; letters to and from Treasury inclosed. 149
2 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Young 1893. May 6 Same subject: Proceedings in suit of crew against master show that the steamer really left under charter of Honduras Government to engage in operations of war against insurgents, thereby submitting herself to libel; instruction 115 of September, 1892, is therefore modified, and the Government of Honduras should be informed thereof. 151
25 Same to same Aug. 4 Same subject: Steamship S. Pizatti was libeled for violation of neutrality laws June 5, and the case will be tried during the November term of the Louisiana eastern district court. 152
29 Mr. Young to Mr. Gresham Oct. 12 Dictatorship in Guatemala: Crisis brought on by decree of President raising import duties 10 per cent, which Congress resisted; revolution threatened in Honduras. 152
32 Same to same Oct. 19 Same subject: Political condition of Guatemala peaceable; liberal policy as to trade adopted by the President; duties on live stock and salt meats removed; disturbances in Honduras as apprehended. 153
43 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Young Nov. 2 Same subject: Expresses hope for the continuance of peace in Central America. 153
33 Mr. Young to Mr. Gresham Nov. 2 Same subject: Policy of President generally approved and new order of things accepted by the people. 153
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Young (telegram). Nov. 7 Firing on steamship Costa Pica by Honduras authorities at Amapala for refusal of captain to surrender a passenger; instructs him to protest. 154
[Page XLVI] Mr. Toting to Mr. Gresham (telegram). 1893. Nov. 9 Same subject: Reports that he has demanded to be informed whether the firing was authorized by the Government, and that he is awaiting a reply and the department instructions at la Libertad. 154
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Young (telegram). Nov. 10 Same subject: Instructs him to protest without delay and demand disavowal and apology whether President authorized firing or not. 154
Mr. Young to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Nov. 12 Same subject: Government of Honduras disavows firing on steamship Costa Rica; desires to be informed in what terms satisfaction is desired; text of notes exchanged given; asks if he shall remain longer. 150
Mr. Gresham, to Mr. Young (telegram). Nov. 12 Same subject: Instructs him to say that the President accepts those frank expressions of disavowal and regret as sufficient and will waive further formal apology in the interest of friendly feeling. 155
35 Mr. Young to Mr. Gresham Nov. 22 Same subject: Reports his action in the matter, gives texts of telegrams exchanged with department and Government of Honduras, and incloses report of board of inquiry (U. S. S. Alliance) and accompanying documents. 155

costa rica, nicaragua, and salvador.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
168 Mr. Shannon to Mr. Foster 1892. Aug. 17 Mosquito Reservation: Minister for foreign affairs claims that through continuance of English protectorate in the Mosquito Reservation that should long since have ceased by treaty stipulations, Nicaragura is prevented from exercising her sovereign rights in regard to the complaint made of increase of port charges at Bluefields. 163
195 Same to same Sept. 28 Same subject: Incloses note of Nicaraguan minister for foreign affairs to British minister at Guatemala, protesting against the continuance of the de facto British protectorate over that territory. 170
235 Same to same Nov. 9 Same subject: Incloses reply of British minister to’ note from Nicaraguan minister for foreign affairs referred to in No. 195, disclaiming de facto sovereignty of Great Britain over the Mosquito Reservation, but insisting that self-government is secured to it by treaty and arbitral award. 172
258 Same to same Dec. 15 Claim of Henry B. Myers against Salvador: Incloses two notes to minister for foreign affairs, repeating views expressed in Department’s No. 111. Will depart at once for San Salvador and report on his efforts to reach settlement. 174
270 Same to same 1393 Jan. 3 Same subject: Reports friendly interviews and incloses” correspondence with minister for foreign affairs, culminating in settlement upon the sum of $2,500 in gold. 176
279 Same to same Jan. 18 Same subject: incloses note to minister for foreign affairs, acknowledging his note tendering indemnity. 179
281 Same to same Jan. 19 Passport application of Alberto Lacayo, who has no present domicile in the United States and does not intend to return until his parents die, submitted with applicant’s statement. 180
295 Same to same Feb. 10 Claim of Henry B. Myers against Salvador: Incloses draft for $2,500 and note from minister for foreign affairs, transmitting same and his reply. 181
144 Mr. Foster to Mr. Shannon. Feb. 10 Mosquito Reservation: Incloses No. 1053 to Great Britain regarding sovereignty over. 162
150 Same to same Feb. 15 Claim of Henry B. Myers against Salvador: Acknowledges No. 270, and directs that draft for $2,500 be forwarded to Department. 182
[Page XLVII]154 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Shannon. 1893. Mar. 1 Passport application of Alberto Lacayo: Further report required, as to Lacayo’s acceptance of office in Nicaragua affecting his citizenship; his declaration as to return is also so indefinite as to prevent present delivery of passport. 183
167 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Shannon. Mar. 18 Claim of Henry B. Myers against Salvador: Acknowledges No. 295. 184
320 Mr. Shannon to Mr. Gresham. Mar, 31 Passport application of Alberto Lacayo: States that the office held by Lacayo can only be discharged by citizens of Nicaragua. Quotes the constitution and oath of office prescribed thereby. 184
4 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham May 13 | Arrival at post May 12, in the midst of political disturbances; legation found barricaded and sheltering American and foreign residents. 184
6 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker. May 17 Passport application of Alberto Lacayo: The oath taken by Lacayo on accepting office of alcalde is conclusive against issuance of passport. 185
8 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham May 23 Revolution in Nicaragua: Reports that a revolution broke out April 28 by the treachery of the army in the east and south; an attack of Government troops, on revolutionists May 19 was repulsed, whereupon he tendered “his friendly offices for the restoration of peace, which were accepted by President Sacasa. Incloses correspondence. 186
10 Same to same May 31 Same subject: Negotiations conducted by him result in the meeting of a commission composed of three revolutionists and three Government representatives, over which he was requested to preside. Incloses correspondence with Government and junta and convention adopted by both parties. 189
11 Same to same June 1 Same subject: Reports that the new Government was inaugurated this day at noon. Constituent Assembly to meet within four months. 197
12 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker June 13 Revolution in Nicaragua: Incloses a letter of June 1, from Pacific Mail Steamship Company, relative to the pointing of a Krupp gun at the City of New York. Instructs him to report. 197
15 Same to same June 16 Forced loan of $600,000 by late Government of Nicaragua. Quotes from treaty of 1867, dispensing United States citizens from levy of such loans, and instructs him to protest if decree is carried out by present Government and to ask repayment of amounts levied. Incloses decree of April 29, 1893. 198
24 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham June 18 Revolution in Nicaragua: Reports that the new Government was generally accepted in good faith. The late President, Sacasa, has left the country for a time. 200
38 Same to same July 6 Gun trained on American steamers: Report prepared by the consular agent relative to the pointing of a Krupp gun at the City of New York has been forwarded. Verbal representations have been made, and the incident, was not repeated thereafter. 200
39 Same to same July 6 Loan forced: Tax was collected on property which was suddenly transferred to American citizens. Reports that he requested forcible collection to be suspended until verification of ownership, and that justice was done. 201
27 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker. July 14 Revolution in Nicaragua: Is gratified that his mediation was equally acceptable to both parties. Warmly commends his course as being in accord with the policy of the United States to avert strife on the continent. 201
28 Same to same July 14 Boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Colombia: Informs him that the United States, moved by no interest but that of friendship to both parties and of knowing definitely the boundary which limits the territory guaranteed to Colombia, will gladly see the dispute amicably adjusted by submitting it to arbitration, either of Spain, as provided by former treaty, or any other impartial arbitrator. 202
[Page XLVIII] Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker (telegram). 1893. July 17 Revolution in Nicaragua: Deeply deplores the continuance of civil dissensions in Nicaragua. Instructs him to maintain an impartial attitude, reporting as soon as any government shall appear to have control of the executive powers of the nation with general acquiescence. 203
47 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham July 17 Same subject: Reports that President of Nicaragua and minister for foreign affairs are still in prison, held by the rebels. A meeting of the cabinet proclaimed Zavala dictator. A large majority in Nicaragua supports this Government. 203
Same to same (telegram) July 24 Same subject: Revolutionists cannonaded Managua from steamers this morning without-warning, killing one woman near legation and wounding several persons. 204
Mr. Adee to Mr. Baker (telegram). July 25 Same subject: Instructs him to protest either in concert with diplomatic representatives or separately to titular government against hostilities without warning foreigners being endangered thereby. 204
57 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham July 27 Legation: Reports that request of government of Zavala, that it be transferred from Managua to Granada during revolution, was declined. Correspondence inclosed. 205
58 Same to same July 31 Bombardment of Managua: Incloses Gen. Zelaya’s reply to legation’s protest, explaining that their messenger under a flag of truce was detained by the de facto Government and his reply accepting explanation. 206
59 Same to same Aug. 5 Revolution in Nicaragua: Incloses peace convention between the Zelaya and Zavala factions, list of members of the new Government, and note of the latter requesting his intervention for the restoration of peace, which could not be acted on by reason of illness. 209
45 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker. Aug. 15 Loan, forced: Approves his cautious action reported in dispatch No. 39. 211
47 Same to same Aug. 15 Revolution in Nicaragua: Informs him that no one party can be formally recognized as the dominant government at present. Instructs him as to his course. 212
49 Same to same Aug. 15 Asylum to parties of the revolution: His course in refusing same cordially unheld. 212
53 Same to same Aug. 18 Gun trained on American steamers: Suggests that he intimate to secretary of foreign relations of Nicaragua that the pointing of a Krupp gun by the military authorities at Corinto at the steamers San José and City of New York is contrary to law, and to express the hope that it will not be repented. 213
83 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 1 Boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Colombia: Has opened correspondence with Costa Rica in accordance with instructions in No. 28. 213
58 Mr. Adee to Mr. Baker Sept. 7 Revolution in Nicaragua: Approves his refusal to remove legation “from Managua at the request of Zavala government. 213
87 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 8 Gun trained on American steamers: Incloses note from minister for foreign affairs containing assurance that the pointing of a gun at American steamers will not be repeated. Present Government has also been addressed on the same subject. 214
91 Same to same Sept. 19 Peace in Nicaragua: Informs the Department that Gen. Jose Santos Zelaya was elected President by the Assembly, for a term to be determined in the Constitution which it is to enact. Arrest and subsequent amnesty of opposing leaders. 215
69 Mr. Adee to Mr. Baker Sept. 25 Boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Colombia: Directs him to forward correspondence on the subject. 216
127 Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 30 Same subject: Reports that minister of foreign affairs has again been addressed on the subject. 216
88 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker. Nov. 3 Same subject: Transmits correspondence on the subject. 216
[Page XLIX]

chile.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
393 Mr. Egan to Mr. Gresham 1893. Apr. 10 Asylum in the legation of the United States: Reports reasons for which asylum was granted, and interview with President and minister of foreign affairs, who expressed approval of his action by which the lives of refugees were saved. Plans of the revolutionists, and measures taken by the Government which checked the movement without bloodshed. 217
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Egan, (telegram). Apr. 11 Same subject: Asks for full report of charges on which surrender of Fuentes and Holley is demanded. While Mr. Egan’s telegram states that they are to be sentenced to death for participation in uprising of December, Chilean legation claims that they were tried for violalation of municipal laws, and that murder and robbery were the sole purpose of late attempt. 218
Mr. Egan to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Apr. 12 Same subject: Quotes from report of Fiscal to show that offenses were of a political nature and death the penalty; case not yet tried in court; refugees would have been shot by police if they had resisted arrest. President and minister for foreign affairs approved his action but wish the matter submitted to the United States Government. Threats against legation have been reported to the Chilian Government which promises safety. 219
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Egan (telegram). Apr. 15 Same subject: Directs him to surrender refugees if demanded, and if charge was pending before they engaged, in disturbance legation was not authorized to protect Chileans against arrest as violators of the law of the country. 219
Mr. Egan to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Apr. 16 Same subject: Explains at length that there is no charge against refugees as common criminals. Asks if protection is to be withdrawn on political charge and then certain stated conditions imposed. Asylum was given on night of insurrection and was not known to police until Government had been informed by legation No demand of surrender has been made. 220
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 17 Same subject: Gives substance of petition of refugees, who say that military tribunal declared itself incompetent to try them, and ask that asylum be continued until facts reach the United States; or, if it be discontinued, that, in view of precedents established by the United States, they be allowed four hours before arrest. 220
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Egan (telegram). Apr. 18 Same subject: Informs him that surrender of refugees has been asked by Chilean chargé d’ affaires under promise of protection from violence. Instructs him to request them to leave the legation, but to give timely notice to Chilean Government that it is expected to afford promised protection. 221
Mr. Egan to Mr. Gresham, (telegram). Apr. 19 Same subject: Reports that notice of promised protection against violence having been given to Chilean Government in accordance with Department’s telegram. Fuentes, who left during his absence” was arrested and imprisoned. Blanlot-Holley escaped at the same time, eluding surveillance of a large police force. 221
395 Same to same (telegram) Apr. 19 Same subject: Transmits full account of termination of asylum, arrest of Fuentes, and escape of Holly. 221
30 Mr. Porter to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 12 Monument to officers and men of U. S. S. Essex at Valparaiso: Gives a list of names inscribed on, and a description of; suggests that this be given to the press, and that a monument be erected in Washington or Annapolis. 223
33 Mr. Adee to Mr. Porter Oct. 18 Same subject: Informs him that Secretary of the Navy has recommended to Congress the erection of a monument at Washington or the Naval Academy. 224
[Page L]

china.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. 1 Page.
1609 Mr. Denby to Mr. Foster 1892. Dec. 1 Bond system on the Yangtze River: Incloses his note to the Yamen, inquiring as to discontinuance of the system as promised after restoration of tranquillity, and reply contending that the system works to the advantage of bona fide merchants and would not be abolished unless foreign merchants stopped chartering native junks. These reasons seem valid, and the matter will not be pressed. 225
1649 Mr. Denby to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Mar. 3 Police system, courts, and punishment of crime, etc.: Report on. 227
1664 Same to same Apr. 1 Land purchases by Americans: Reports that rule issued by Taotai of Nanking requesting, under the guise of protection to purchasers, that the gentry be consulted, and official survey required, is in violation of treaty, and acting consul of Chinkiang has been directed to disregard it and so inform the Taotai. 230
1666 Apr. 7 Building industry in China: Reports wages and methods. 232
803 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Denby June 5 Land purchases by Americans: Rule issued by Taotai, of Nanking, would be, as stated in No. 1664, a violation of treaty, if applicable to treaty ports; notification of nonacquiescence could” not in present case be made on clear grounds, but good offices should be used to maintain as far as practicable such transactions on their customary basis. 233
804 Same to same June 5 Exclusion act: Its constitutionality has been affirmed by the Supreme Court—incloses correspondence with the Chinese legation and gives substance of interview with Chinese minister, wherein protection of Chinese in America was made dependent on treatment of Americans in China, and intimation given that, owing to appropriation requirements the rigid enforcement of the act would be delayed until the next meeting of Congress, when new legislation may occur. Informs him that the Treasury regulations have also been modified in a manner appreciated by the Chinese Govment. 234
1091 Mr. Denby to Mr. Gresham June 14 Customs service of China: Outline of its growth under the management of Sir Robert Hart, and particulars given. 235
1692 Same to same June 21 Railways: Synopsis of the management, routes, and contemplated extensions. 236
1695 Same to same July 1 Postal service in China: Outlines the scheme proposed by Sir Robert Hart, which it is now rumored the Throne has consented to. 237
1754 Same to same Nov. 1 Transit passes: Likin dues collected on goods shipped by Mr. Jenkins, of Hankow, covered by. Upon representations of legation the amount collected on kerosene was refunded, but it was claimed that likin could be collected on native merchandise. Insists that issuance of transit passes frees all goods from likin. Notes inclosed. 237
1757 Same to same Nov. 8 Birthday, 60th, of the Empress Dowager, to be celebrated November 27, with extraordinary pomp: Describes intended ceremonial. 240
1758 Same to same Nov. 15 Travelers in China requested to report their movements to local officials: Incloses note of Yamen, making the suggestion and placing it on the ground of insuring their protection. Presents his views in favor of the plan; asks to be informed by cable if they are not approved, and adds that the opinion of other foreign representatives will govern his action. 241
847 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Denby. Dec. 20 Transit passes: Approves the position taken by him that goods covered by transit passes, in the absence of proof of fraud, should be exempt from likin tax; it should be maintained. 244
852 Mr. Uhl to Mr. Denby Dec. 27 Travelers in China: While local officers should know the whereabouts of travelers for needful protection, they should allow them to take such routes as suit them within the assigned territory; he should withhold assent to any requirements that do not apply to all foreigners. 244
[Page LI]

correspondence with the legation of china at Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin. 1893. Mar. 1 Exclusion act: Informs him that the constitutionality of the act is to be tested by the Supreme Court; the Attorney-General believes that the arrangement verbally suggested for such test should be determined by his successor. 244
Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 13 Same subject: Asks the cooperation of the Executive to secure a hearing by the Supreme Court of a case to be presented about May 12, to test the constitutionality of Article 6, of the act of May 5, 1892; that, pending the session, the Treasury take steps to suspend or modify obnoxious’ measures against Chinese, and renews the request that recommendation be made to Congress for the repeal of the act. 245
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin. Mar. 21 Same subject: Advises him that the Attorney-General will concur in motion of counsel of the Chinese to advance the case to be brought before the Supreme Court as to the constitutionality of the act. 246
Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 25 Same subject: Counsel of the legation and of the parties to the case have been informed. 247
Same to same Apr. 13 Same subject: Apprehensions of outrages on the occasion of the act going into operation; calls attention to the matter and to his request of Mar. 13, to cause arrest of Chinese to be suspended pending session of the Supreme Court. 248
Same to same Apr. 29 Same subject: Apprehensions confirmed by telegram received from Chinese Merchants Exchange at San Francisco, earnestly renews request for protection: calls attention to recent law passed in the State Of Montana forbidding intercourse with Chinese. 248
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Tsui-Kwo Yin. May 5 Same subject: With reference to apprehensions on his part of attacks on Chinese, the President’s desire that disturbances be prevented has been communicated to governors of Pacific States. 294
Same to same May 19 Certificates of identity: Asks what is the nature of instructions mentioned in the legation’s note of June 2, 1891, relative to certificates issued by Chinese consuls to exempted Chinese, and whether any action has been taken in that regard as to issuance of certificates by officers in China? 250
Memorandum Interview relative to the safety of Americans in China and deportations of Chinese from the United States. 250
Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin to Mr. Gresham. May 27 Certificates of identity for Chinese other than laborers: The form was prepared by Chinese minister and submitted to Department July 10, 1889; approved by Treasury July 23; method of issuance in China. 251
Same to same Aug. 8 Exclusion act of 1892: Renews his request that the President recommend the repeal of the exclusion act to Congress; adverts to the efficiency of the protection to subjects of both countries in either one as the result of interviews. 252
Same to same Aug. 8 Outrage on Chinese laborers and merchants in Fresno and Tulare, Cal.: Gives telegram received from Chinese consul-general at San Francisco relative to, stating theforced departure of Chinese from these places by mob violence, and asks protection. 253
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin. Aug. 19 Exclusion act of 1892: The President does not regard the time as opportune to call the attention of Congress to the matter, expresses belief that it will be modified at next regular session of Congress and his gratification at the kindly spirit prevailing. 253
Same to same Aug. 24 Outrages on Chinese in Fresno and Tulare counties: Incloses letter from private secretary of governor of California. 254
Same to same Aug. 31 Same subject: Informs him that sheriff of Fresno County anticipates no violence; sheriff of Tulare County reports that none has taken place other than that at Tulare, as reported in the press, and both are prepared to preserve 254
[Page LII] 1883. Aug. 31 order; expresses regret at the occurrence and gratification at the growing spirit of toleration toward the Chinese in the United States.
Mr. Yang Yü to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 7 Enforcement of the exclusion act in California: Incloses telegrams from consular officers and board of trade reporting the, and asks if the policy heretofore announced has been abandoned; adverts to alarm of Chinese in the West and asks that the matter be brought to the attention of the President. 255
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Yang Yü. Sept. 9 Exclusion act of 1892: Refers to legation note of August 7, and informs him that the Executive has not initiated any of the steps mentioned, but it has no control over the action of the judiciary; a bill extending time for registration of Chinese is expected to be introduced in Congress. 256
Same to same Sept. 9 Outrages on Chinese: Advises him of steps taken by governor of California and sheriff of San Bernardino County, by which trouble was effectually prevented. 257
Mr. Yang Yü to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 10 Exclusion act enforced in California: Appeals have been taken as suggested, but are made ineffective by the judge’s declining to grant a stay of proceedings; asks that the President be informed. 258
Mr. Yang Yü to Mr. Adee Sept. 27 Same subject: Incloses telegram from Chinese consul-general complaining that numerous arrests “are made and that the Chinese are placed in jail and denied the privilege of bail or habeas corpus: Asks that attention of Attorney-General be directed to the state of affairs. 258
Mr. Adee to Mr. Yang Yü Sept. 29 Same subject: Note of September 27, with reference to the enforcement of exclusion act, has been given to the Attorney-General. 259
Same to same Oct. 10 Same subject: Incloses letter from Department of Justice relative to refusal of bail on writs of habeas corpus to Chinese arrested in California. 259
Mr. Yang Yü to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 10 Identity certificates of exempted classes of Chinese: States that it is reported from New York that customs authorities refuse to recognize them, under alleged orders from the Treasury; expresses surprise that such action should be taken without notice to or consultation with Chinese diplomatic representatives, and complains of the offensive manners of Chinese-Inspector Scharff, at New York. 260
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Yang Yü. Oct. 23 Same subject: Incloses Treasury letter of October 20, fully covering matters inquired into in legation’s note of October 10. 261
Mr. Yang Yü to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 27 Same subject: Acknowledges note of October 23: Close scrutiny will be exercised by Chinese consuls; it is hoped that customs collectors will recognize certificates of bona fide merchants and visa them when they depart, and that acts of Inspector Scharff are not sanctioned by Treasury. 262
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Yang Yü. Nov. 1 Same subject: Note of October 27 has been sent to Treasury. 263
Mr. Yang Yü to Mr. Gresham. Nov. 8 Exclusion act: Amendment affords but disappointment and regret; it continues discrimination against Chinese in violation of treaty, and previous difficulties will reappear at the expiration of term provided for; suggests that these would better be removed by friendly negotiation than by enactment of such legislation. 263
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Yang Yü. Nov. 25 Identity certificates of exempted classes of Chinese: Treasury deems it inadvisable to renew the practice of having them visaed by collector of customs; they have been instructed to place no unnecessary obstacles in the way of the landing of Chinese entitled to entry; it is hoped registration will remove all future difficulties. 265
[Page LIII]

colombia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
12 Mr. McKinney to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Aug. 24 Boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Colombia: Colombians preparing a treaty which will be submitted to the United States legation before forwarding to Costa Rica, and which will submit the question to the final arbitration of Spain. 266
19 Same to same Sept. 29 Same subject: Incloses note of Colombian minister for foreign affairs to Costa Rica; it declares that previous to negotiations for renewal of arbitration some provisional arrangement must be had, establishing temporary boundary, which must be respected; this note, which was to be submitted to legation of the United States before being forwarded, was not given to it until published in the official gazette. 266

correspondence with the legation of costa rica at Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Señor Peralta to Mr. Gresham 1893. Apr. 12 Boundary dispute between Colombia and Costa Rica: Urges that the United States use their good offices to secure settlement of, on the basis of the original treaty which is claimed by Colombia to have lapsed; argues that Spain accepted office of arbitrator on certain conditions which were never objected to by Colombia, and that treaty stipulates for other arbitration, that by Spain failing; incloses treaty of December 25, 1880, and additional convention of 1886, correspondence of representatives of both countries with Spain, and note of Secretary Bayard of May 26, 1886, to legation of Costa Rica at Washington. 270
Same to same Apr. 20 Canal of Nicaragua: Protests against the pretensions of Colombia in regard to treaties or conventions concerning the; contends that the royal ordinance of 1803, on which they are based, was repudiated by New Granada herself; that the United States and Great Britain have ignored the claims of Columbia to territory beyond boundary of Costa Rica; also protests against concessions made by Colombia to Panama Canal Company and a New Jersey company of land lying in disputed territory; documents inclosed. 281
Same to same May 16 Boundary dispute between Colombia and Costa Rica: Incloses royal ordinance of 1803 on which Colombia bases pretentions referred to in his note of April 20, and subsequent ordinances ignoring or nullifying the former one by contradiction. 286
Mr. Gresham to Señor Peralta. May 18 Same subject: The President, while glad to aid an adjustment of the difference if desired by both governments, can not advocate the contention of either nor make the United States a party to the controversy, nor offer himself as arbitrator; disclaims that the United States is a party to original convention, as alleged in support of request for mediation, its intervention being confined to a declaration that rights of United States and citizens should be preserved by arbitral decision; refers to previous correspondence and interviews. 287
Señor Peralta to Mr. Gresham. June 17 Same subject: Explains at length that the arguments advanced in his note of April 12 have been misapprehended in Department’s reply of May 18; adverts to interest taken in the question by the United States in 1880–’81 and declares that what was and is now desired is that the United States interpose their good offices, as a common friend, for the solution of the question by arbitration. 289
Mr. Gresham to Señor Peralta. Dec. 2 Same subject: Incloses instruction 28 to U. S. Minister Baker. It is not known how Mr. Baker presented the matter to the Costa Rica Government. 294
Señor Peralta to Mr. Gresham. Dec. 4 Same subject: Acknowledges with thanks note of December 2. 294
[Page LIV]

france.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
513 Mr. Vignand to Mr. Blaine 1892. Apr. 7 Naturalization law of 1889 in France: Explains its operation and the modification introduced by a decision of the French supreme court. 295
91 Mr. Coolidge to Mr. Foster Dec. 9 Liberia and France: Transmits copy of boundary treaty between, (which was to be signed December 8), as furnished by Liberian plenipotentiary. 296
141 Same to same 1893. Feb. 24 Same subject: Reports that the treaty is officially confirmed. Incloses note. 298
5 Mr. Eustis to Mr. Gresham May 27 Military-service case of Victor Poidebard: Minister of War holds that Poidebard, having failed to give evidence of his having gone to the United States before 19 years of age within the time provided by the law of 1889, can not now be allowed to avail himself of the privilege. Incloses notes. 300
38 Same to same Aug. 9 Aliens coming to France to engage in trade, commerce, or industry: Incloses law providing for the registration of. 302
47 Mr. Vignaud to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 22 Nationality of children born in France of a foreign father and French mother: Incloses law of July 22, giving them the option to decline French citizenship on becoming of age. 303

great britain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
994 Mr. Foster to Mr. White 1892. Dec. 13 Protection reciprocal of Americans and English in Turkey: Incloses instruction No. 3 of November 29 to Turkey, and adverting to recent instances, instructs him to give, orally, assurances to minister for foreign affairs as to the readiness of the United States to act in harmony with Great Britain, while reserving its independence of action. 305
882 Mr. White to Mr. Foster 1893. Dec. 30 Same subject: Reports that minister for foreign affairs was pleased with the tenor of Department’s instruction No. 994, and informed him that it would be the earnest desire of Her Majesty’s Government to act in perfect cordiality with that of the United States in the matter in question. 306
885 Same to same Jan. 4 Gilbert Islands: Complaint of Mr. Kustel against Capt. Davis, of the Royalist, will receive attention, although Capt. Davis’ report of the incident gives reason for doubt as to accuracy or truthfulness of complaint. Notes inclosed. 307
1027 Mr. Foster to Mr. Lincoln Jan. 11 Claim of William Webster v. Great Britain for lands in New Zealand: Incloses Senate resolution of May 26, 1892, and other documents relative to the; instructs him to present again and, if necessary, to propose arbitration, leaving details for future consideration. 308
1034 Same to same Jan. 17 Protection reciprocal of English and Americans in Turkey: Acknowledges No. 882 and directs him to suggest cooperation of British ambassador with U. S. minister. Refers to interview with British minister at Washington. 308
910 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Foster Feb. 7 Gilbert Islands: Incloses report of Capt. Davis, submitting testimony as to the assault on the natives by Kustel, and as to Kustel’s selling liouor anil arms. 309
1053 Mr. Foster to Mr. Lincoln Feb. 8 Mosquito Reservation: Discusses the reply of British minister to Nicaragua’s protest against interference with her sovereignty over the; adverts to unanswered representations made by Secretary of State Bayard; holds that autonomy conferred by treaty of Managua was confined to tribal government of the natives, and that the clause of the Austrian arbitral decision precluding Nicaragua from levying duties on their tract did not confer the right of levying taxes to aliens residing in the port of Blue-fields who are prone to claim British protection. Declares that the United States will look to Nicaragua in international matters. 313
[Page LV]916 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Foster 1893. Feb. 13 Passport application of Anthony William Iby, who left the United States immediately upon naturalization in 1888 and is in the employ of a New York branch of an English firm, which is likely to keep him abroad, notwithstanding his declaration of intention to return within one year: Previous similar declaration was not fulfilled. Requests instructions. 318
931 Same to same Feb. 28 Claim of William Webster for land in New Zealand: Incloses note to and reports interview with minister for foreign affairs in accordance with instructions. The matter being again referred to authorities in New Zealand, the question of arbitration was not brought up. 319
1090 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Lincoln. Mar. 2 Passport application of Anthony William Iby: The employment of Mr. Iby by a foreign firm does not entitle him to the good disposition entertained for persons representing American interests abroad. The passport may be granted on satisfactory evidence of intention to return, but should not be renewed if such intention is not executed within two years. 320
934 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Foster Mar. 3 Mosquito Reservation: Reports that instruction No. 1053 was read to, and a copy left with, minister for foreign affairs. 321
935 Same to same do Protection reciprocal in Turkey of English and Americans: Minister for foreign affairs expressed willingness to act favorably. 321
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard (telegram). June 24 Sinking of British war vessel Victoria: Expresses sorrow. 322
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Gresham (telegram). June 25 Same subject: Transmits telegraphic reply of the Queen to his message of sympathy.
25 Same to same July 12 Gilbert Islands: Incloses note from foreign office, accompanying report of Capt. Davis, B. N., disproving the charges of A. G. Kustel. Regrets that they were brought up. 322
34 Same to same July 22 Bulgaria: Protection of American interests in, by British representative; incloses letter from Minister Terrell, at Constantinople, making the request for and asks whether it is to be complied with. 325
88 Mr. Adee to Mr. Bayard. July 25 Gilbert Islands: Complaint of A. J. Kustel against Capt. Davis, R. N., has been dropped, and Mr. Kustel so informed. 326
93 Same to same Aug. 1 Bulgaria: Directs him to request that protection of American interests, by British representative, be continued. 326
49 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 22 Same subject: Instructions will be sent to Sofia to continue the protection of American interests. 326
70 Same to same Sept. 26 Passport application of Fielder J. Hiss, a native citizen, permanently domiciled in England, with no intention to return; gives grounds on which it was declined and incloses memorandum of the case. 327
154 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard. Oct. 9 Same subject: Refusal reported in No. 70 is approved. 329

correspondence with the british embassy at Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Foster. 1893. Feb. 20 Discriminating tolls on Canadian canals: Incloses copy of order in council establishing uniform rates of 10 cents per ton on food products for the season of 1893. 329
Mr. Foster to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Feb. 21 Same subject: In view of assurances that order in council in note of February 20 is in full substitution of orders providing for rebates, the proclamation establishing tolls on the Sault Sift. Marie Canal will be forthwith withdrawn 330
Mr. Wharton to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Feb. 27 Tolls on Sault Ste. Marie Canal: Transmits 12 copies of proclamation of February 21, with drawing the 330
Lord Rosebery to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Mar. 11 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Transmits copies of reports received at the foreign office relative to the burning of the American college. 331
[Page LVI] Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Mar. 21 Ambassador to the United States: Announces his appointment as a, token of friendship. 333
Mr. Gresham to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Mar. 22 Same subject: Acknowledges note of March 21, with appreciation of the act; informs him that the President will, in due time, send an ambassador to the Court of St. James. 333
Same to same Mar 24 Wrecking, reciprocal in conterminous waters: Refers to Department’s note of December 28, 1892, still unanswered; calls attention to limitations under existing regulations placed on its exercise by American vessels; the President, while empowered by the appropriation act of March 3, 1893 (inclosed), to issue the requisite proclamation without regard to the Welland Canal, desires that it should be simultaneous with similar action of the Government of Canada, as liberal in regard to territorial waterways as that contemplated by the United States; urges prompt attention of the Canadian Government. 334
Same to same Mar. 31 Ambassador of the United States to Great Britain Announces appointment and confirmation of I Hon. Thomas F. Bayard. 336
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 1 Same subject: Congratulations upon the choice and appointment of the Hon. T. F. Bayard. 337
Mr. Gresham to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Apr. 6 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Returns with thanks reports to British Government relative to. 337
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. May 24 Discriminating tolls on the Welland Canal: Transmits minutes of privy council controverting certain statements in Department’s note of December 31, and expresses satisfaction at withdrawal of retaliatory proclamation. 337
Mr. Gresham to Sir. Julian Pauncefote. May 29 Same subject: Acknowledges note of May 24, as a concluding and explanatory chapter of the record in the case. 340
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. May 31 Wrecking privileges in Welland Canal: Privy council recommends that the order of Nov. 19, being no longer necessary after amendment by the Senate which struck out the word “Welland canal” from the act of May 24, 1890, be rescinded. Incloses minutes. 340
Same to same June 2 Same subject: Incloses minutes of privy council bringing Canadian act into effect on and from June 1, 1893, and requesting reciprocal action on the part of the United States. 342
Mr. Adee to Sir Julian Pauncefote. July 24 Same subject: Incloses the President’s proclamation and hopes this action will promote the good understanding to which Department’s note of Mar. 24 tended. 344
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Adee. July 26 Same subject: Acknowledges note of July 24 346
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 9 Arbitration international: Incloses resolution of the House of Commons, of July 16, expressing sympathy with the action of the United States in favor of, with the request that it be laid before Congress. 346
Same to same Aug. 31 Wrecking privileges in Welland Canal: Incloses minutes of privy council, transmitting opinion that inasmuch as such privileges are exempt from restrictions under the existing laws no new regulations are necessary and expressing a willingness to resume negotiations for a broader understanding on the question of reciprocal coasting and towing. 347
Same to same Aug. 31 Same subject: Relaxation of the customs regulations in connection with the. Incloses minutes of privy council asking that in default of legislation, Treasury regulations be issued to authorize the necessary towing. 348
Same to same Sept. 29 Brazil, Revolution in: British Government asks by telegraph that orders be cabled to U. S. naval commander to concert with other commanders to prevent, by force if necessary, further destruction of life and property by insurgent squadron. 350
Mr. Gresham to Sir Julian Pauncefote (telegram). Oct. 2 Same subject: Instructions to U. S. naval commander at Rio de Janeiro, had already been sent, and necessary measures taken before receipt of above note. 350
[Page LVII] Mr. Gresham to Sir Julian Pauncefote. 1893. Oct. 21 Wrecking reciprocal in coterminous waters: Incloses circular of the Treasury of October 5. 351
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 24 Same subject: Acknowledges the receipt of the above note. 351
Mr. Gresham to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Dec. 4 Arbitration, international: Resolution of House of Commons in note of August 9, will be placed before Congress by the President. 352
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Gresham. Dec. 13 Wrecking reciprocal in coterminous waters: Incloses minutes of privy council accompanying circular of Canadian department of trade and commerce. 352
Mr. Gresham to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Dec. 21 Same subject: Acknowledges receipt of the above. 354

haiti.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
129 Mr. Terres to Mr. Foster 1892. Nov. 18 Imprisonment of Frederick Mevs, an American citizen, for alleged smuggling: Reports his fruitless efforts to obtain his release; asks for instructions; incloses letters from Mevs and note to minister for foreign affairs. 355
130 Same to same Nov. 25 Same subject: Mevs will be tried December 1; still held in confinement in violation of Haitian law. 357
Mr. Foster to Mr. Terres (telegram). Dec. 2 Same subject: Instructs him to earnestly protest if Mevs is not already released. 358
135 Mr. Terres to Mr. Foster Dec. 17 Same subject: Incloses report of Mevs’s trial and a letter from him asking that some action be taken to compensate him. 358
87 Mr. Foster to Mr. Denham Dec. 22 Same subject: Instructs him to proceed on a war vessel of the United States to Port au Prince and to investigate the matter. 363
141 Mr. Durham to Mr. Foster 1893. Jan. 5 Same subject: Reports discourtesy shown to charge d’ affaires in connection with the case; his interviews with the minister for foreign affairs and the President brought no satisfaction; conduct of minister for foreign affairs towards Mr. Terres was unjustifiable and proper explanations will be requested. 364
142 Same to same Jan. 5 Same subject: Minister of foreign affairs attempts to draw him into a written controversy by addressing him a memorandum wherein several of his statements are distorted; incloses same and reply declining to make written communication. 365
143 Same to same Jan. 6 Same subject: Discourtesy to Mr. Terres is disclaimed and explained, but surprise expressed at the refusal of the legation to treat the matter by correspondence, after the usual diplomatic manner; the new minister of Haiti to Washington, Mr. Haentjena, will lay the matter before the Department; reparation insisted upon to be made on his return from Santo Domingo; incloses notes containing above statements. 366
89 Mr. Foster to Mr. Durham Jan. 7 Death of Mr. Hannibal Price, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Haiti to the United States: Conveys expression of sympathy and condolence. 369
90 Same to same Jan. 9 Imprisonment of Frederick Mevs appears from his No. 135 to be unjustifiable; confirms instruction No. 87. 369
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 17 Same subject: Approves his action; no objection, however; to making demand in writing; instructs him to state to Haitian Government that the President expects, from its sense of justice and amity, a proper indemnity for the illegal imprisonment of an American citizen, and that the matter must be adjusted through him; he should ask for a peaceful settlement; it may be prudent for Atlanta to be absent until diplomatic efforts prove futile. 369
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 17 Same subject: Use of force is not to be resorted to in the present state of negotiations. 370
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 18 Same subject: Asks what is the nature of the cooperation of the Atlanta he desires. Force should not be threatened without intent to exercise it if necessary. 370
[Page LVIII] Mr. Durham to Mr. Foster (telegram). 1893. Jan. 18 Same subject: Considers presence and cooperation of the Atlanta necessary; it is not necessary to resort to force. 370
same to same (telegram) Jan. 18 Same subject: Desires earnestly the presence of the commander of the Atlanta at interview with minister for foreign affairs; thinks he can so attain an adjustment at once; hesitation on the part of the United States will be sure to affect all American interests unfavorably. 370
148 Same to same Jan. 18 Same subject: Incloses copy of note to minister for foreign affairs notifying him that this matter must be adjusted through legation; reports little impression made on Haitian Government, and explains why he recommended presence of man-of-war. 371
149 Same to same Jan. 19 Same subject: Incloses note to minister for foreign affairs reciting injustice done Mr. Mevs and stating that indemnity is expected. 372
Mr. Foster to Mr. Durham (telegram). Jan. 20 Same subject: The President adverse to using force; future course, in the event of absolute refusal of indemnity, will be then considered. 374
155 Mr. Durham to Mr. Foster Jan. 23 Same subject: Minister for foreign affairs orally proposes to submit the matter to arbitration; requests instructions. 374
156 Same to same Jan. 23 Same subject: Haitian contention that Mr. Mevs, having violated inclosed customs regulations, is not entitled to indemnity is met by the direct question whether this is to be accepted as a refusal on the part of Haiti to grant such indemnity incloses notes. 374
158 Same to same Feb. 6 Same subject: Reports that Haiti officially declares that Mevs is not entitled to indemnity and urges prompt action as demanded by all American interests. 376
Mr. Foster to Mr. Durham (telegram) Feb. 9 Same subject: Diplomatic course should be continued firmly and the question of amount of indemnity should not embarrass the negotiations. 377
163 Mr. Durham to Mr. Foster Feb. 11 Same subject: Diplomatic methods have been exhausted and the withdrawal of the Atlanta was taken as an abandonment of the case, thus creating embarrassment to legation and apprehension among Americans; urges that admiral stop at Haiti on his way north. 378
101 Mr. Foster to Mr. Durham Feb. 16 Same subject: Acknowledges receipt of dispatches and in reply to his insistance that force is necessary to settle the case, renews the instruction to first exhaust diplomatic methods. 378
173 Mr. Durham to Mr. Wharton Mar. 3 Same subject: Haitian Government, offers $6,000 as indemnity, which he proposes to accept. 379
178 Mr. Durham to Mr. Gresham Mar. 11 Same subject: Indemnity has been accepted, but no formal agreement has as yet been drawn. 379
184 Same to same Mar. 25 Same subject: Informs the Department that the Haitian minister at Washington has returned to Haiti and seems to have changed the views of his Government; requests instructions. 379
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Durham (telegram). Apr. 5 Same subject: Instructs him to urge fulfillment in good faith of settlement offered and accepted in Mevs case. 379
114 Same to same Apr. 6 Same subject: Instructs him to dispel any misconception as to intention of allowing the agreement to be evaded. 380
192 Mr. Durham to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 8 Same subject: Incloses notes exchanged with minister for foreign affairs relative to offer of 6,000 gourdes; minister for foreign affairs attempted orally to reduce the amount to $5,000 gold. 380
194 Same to same Apr. 12 Same subject: $6,000 United States currency paid to legation and turned over to Mevs; incloses receipts. 381
119 Mr. Quiney to Mr. Durham. May 1 Same subject: Settlement learned with gratification. 382
[Page LIX]

hawaii.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
The correspondence respecting the affairs in Hawaii will be found in Senate Ex. Docs. 13, 46, 57, 65, 77; House Ex. Docs. 47, 48, 70, 76, 79, 95, 112, 140, Senate Report 227, and House Report 243, parts 1 and 2, Fifty-third Congress, second session.

japan.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
34 Mr. Coombs to Mr. Foster 1892. Aug. 25 Rescue of the crew of the American vessel North American: Recommends recognition by Congress of the bravery of the natives on the coast of Tokusima who rescued the crew; incloses notes exchanged and report of the Government. 383
32 Mr. Foster to Mr. Coombs Sept. 27 Same subject: Authorizes him to draw for $350 for distribution by Japanese Government to villagers who rescued the crew of the North American, and asks for their names so that they may be engraved on silver medals which will be presented to them. 385
44 Same to Same Nov. 9 Same subject: Incloses letter of November 4, from Hastings & Co., expressing the high regard in which they hold the acts of the Japanese rescuers. 386
58 Mr. Coombs to Mr. Foster Nov. 26 Same subject: Check for $350 has been delivered to minister for foreign affairs under instruction No. 32; names of rescuers will be sent later. 387
62 Same to same Dec. 17 Same subject: Reports upon proceeds of the drafts and use to be made of the money on behalf of the villagers. 388
70 Same to same Dec. 17 Same subject: The sum of $350, instead of being distributed will be kept as a common fund for the purchase of boats; suggests appropriation of money by Congress as an incentive for natives to aid shipwrecked seamen; incloses names of prominent rescuers, notes, and Governors report. 389
81 Same to same 1893. Jan. 20 Same subject: Informs Department of the disposition made of $350; incloses notes and receipt. 391
98 Mr. Coombs to Mr. Gresham Mar. 21 Passport applications of Alexander Powers and Basil Powers; born in Russia of a native citizen; the former just of age, the latter within a few months of reaching majority; they have never been in the United States and propose to engage in business in Russia; has denied personal applications of both, but issued a passport to the father, including Basil as a minor child; quotes from Russian law as giving them option of allegiance (thus creating a dual status), and from Foreign Relations to sustain his action; incloses applications and correspondence with consul at Hiogo. 393
84 Mr. Adee to Mr. Coombs Apr. 28 Same subject: Discusses the Russian law cited in No. 98, which only confers an optional right to claim Russian allegiance within one year in contradistinction to French law; United statutes confers the status of citizenship to both applicants, which, if confirmed by intention to return, entitles Alexander to passport and resulting protection; Basil is entitled to passport during minority; discusses status of the father as qualified by his long residence abroad. 401
131 Mr. Coombs to Mr. Gresham June 26 Passport application of Mrs. Emily Jane Smith, daughter and widow of an American citizen, but born abroad and never a resident of the United States; she is going to France to marry a Russian; has declined to issue it. 402
145 Same to same July 14 Passport application of Americans residing in the East: Refers to Instruction No. 84, observes that these citizens are propagating the influence of the United States and thinks they are entitled to the fullest protection. 404
[Page LX]11 Mr. Adee to Mr. Dun 1893. July 26 Passport application of Mrs. Emily Jane Smith: Circumstances related in No. 131 do not appear to justify its being granted, but the passport could not under any circumstances be issued by the Department. 405
17 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Dun Aug. 22 Passport applications of Americans residing in the East: Men of the class described in Dispatch No. 145 need not fear inquiry into the good faith of their citizenship. 405
18 Mr. Dun to Mr. Gresham Sept. 4 Rescue of the crew of the North American: Reports prominent part taken in the rescue by the governor of Tokushima, Mr. Yoshiomi Seki, which should be recognized. Suggests presentation of silver ornamental piece. 406
24 Mr. Adee to Mr. Dun Sept. 26 Same subject: A gold watch and chain will be sent to Governor Seki, in recognition of the part taken by him in the rescue of the crew of the North American. 406
26 Same to same Oct. 17 Same subject: Testimonials to Governor Seki and rescuers of crew of North American transmitted. 407

mexico.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
908 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Ryan 1893. Mar. 10 Imprisonment of Edward Lycan at Guaymas. Inlcoses Nos. 484–490 from Nuevo Laredo and No. 70 from Guaymas and instructs him to make representations. 408
1188 Mr. Ryan to Mr. Gresham Mar. 18 Same subject: Reports that Lycan has been released on habeas corpus, but subjected to obnoxious surveillance. Efforts of legation to hasten proceedings. Incloses correspondence. 413
1196 Same to same Mar. 22 Same subject: Incloses note to minister for foreign affairs in compliance with instruction No. 908. 416
1209 Same to same Apr. 4 Same subject: Release ordered by Supreme Court, whose just and prompt action is commended. The decree admits that the arrest was unwarranted by law. Incloses notes and decree of court. 174
1218 Same to same Apr. 10 Consular right to administer estates of American citizens: Reports that consul at Piedras Negras, who thought it his duty to take charge of a certain estate, has been advised that, in the absence of convention, local courts have jurisdiction and that he is merely to see that justice is done. 419
1234 Same to same May 1 Passport application of Martin Schafer: Born in Germany of a native citizen, but residing permanently in Mexico, never having been to the United States, except on short visits. Incloses application and passport already filled to be forwarded to Mr. Schafer in New York, if approved. 422
9 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Gray May 13 Same subject: Desires fuller information as to his father’s movements and Schafer’s age at the time of his expatriation, in order to determine as to his status in regard to citizenship, which is besides a judicial function; but the facts furnished in No. 1234 are sufficient to show that he is not entitled to a passport. 423

correspondence with the mexican legation at Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. 1892. Dec. 13 Neutrality laws of the United States: Informs the Department that Garza bandits attacked and burned barracks at San Ignacio, causing the death of a captain and 5 men, taking immediate refuge in Texas. Incloses telegram of Mexican consul at Laredo and requests pursuit of bandits. 424
[Page LXI] Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. 1892 Dec. 14 Same subject: Transmits complaint of minister for foreign affairs of lack of action by United States Government. Incloses telegrams from Mexican consuls at San Antonio and Laredo. 425
Same to same Dec. 14 Same subject: Informs the Department that another raid is contemplated by bandits, and no orders have been received at Fort McIntosh for the pursuit of same. Incloses telegrams from Mexican consuls at San Antonio and Laredo. 426
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Dec. 15 Same subject: Informs him that the greatest vigilance has been and is being exercised by the War Department, to which notes of December 13 and 14 have been communicated. Adverts to difficulties arising from the long line of frontier. 427
Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. Dec. 16 Same subject: Acknowledges receipt of the above. 427
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Dec. 20 Same subject: Deprecates complaint of minister for foreign affairs, in note of December 14, that the United States have not exercised proper care in preventing violation of. War Department and governor of Texas have been notified. 428
Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. Dec. 21 Same subject: Expresses the hope that measures taken will put an end to disturbances and remarks that such measures would have been unnecessary if the frontier had been adequately guarded. 428
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Dec. 27 Same subject: The Secretary of War has ordered more troops to the border. Explains the difficulties encountered in apprehending raiders. 429
Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. Dec. 28 Same subject: Discusses the above note and suggests that a competent person be sent to investigate a report that Mexican soldiers at San Ignacio, Tex., are intimidated by supporters of the outlaws and made to declare that they came of their free will. 430
Same to same Dec. 31 Same subject: Acknowledges note of December 28. 431
Señor Mariscal to Señor Cayetano Romero. Dec. 31 Same subject: Refers to constant raids of bandits from Texas, and, after complaining of inadequacy of measures taken to prevent same by the United States Government, proposes that the Mexican and United States forces be distributed by concert to guard the several fords of the Rio Grande, or, better still, that an arrangement be entered into, similar to that recently made for the pursuit of Indians, permitting the forces of either Government to pursue the bandits across the border. 431
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Dec. 31 Same subject: Suggestion relative to investigating contradictory statements made with reference to the Mexican soldiers held at San Ignacio has been brought to the notice of the Secretary of War. 434
Señor Cayetano to Mr. Foster. 1893. Jan. 1 Same subject: Incloses clipping from New York Times as showing disparity between Mexican and United States forces on the frontier. 434
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Jan. 4 Same subject: United States forces in the vicinity of the Rio Grande number 1,800 men. Mexican soldiers are reported by the consul-general of the United States at Nuevo Laredo to remain on Texas side by preference and fear of punishment if they return to Mexico. 435
Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. Jan. 5 Same subject: Acknowledges note of January 4 and hopes that investigation suggested by him on the 28th ultimo will be ordered. 436
Same to same Jan. 12 Same subject: Mexican Government considers that the number of Mexican troops on the frontier is adequate, the raiders being unable to remain for any length of time in Mexico. Incloses detailed statement of forces. 438
Same to same Jan. 12 Same subject: Recommends the guarding of fords by Federal troops as likely to have good results. 438
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Jan. 19 Same subject: Notes of January 12 have been communicated to the War Department. 438
Same to same Jan. 23 Same subject; The War Department agrees 439
[Page LXII] mainly to views presented in note of Mr. Mariscal, of December 31, but points to difficulties as to provisions for reciprocal crossing of troops. Incloses letter of January 19.
Same to same Feb. 1 Same subject: Notifies him of the capture of three bandits by United States troops. Incloses two letters of January 27, from War Department. 440
Señor Cayetano Romero to Mr. Foster. Feb. 2 Same subject: Acknowledges the above and praises the zeal of the troops in effecting the capture. 441
Same to same Feb. 6 Same subject: Mexican Government desirous of establishing communication between the War Departments of both, countries to the end of putting a stop to incursions. Incloses statement of Mexican forces on the frontier. Commanding officers will guard fords and, if agreeable to the United States Government, communicate with United States officers. 442
Mr. Foster to Señor Cayetano Romero. Feb. 10 Same subject: Note of February 6 has been communicated to War Department. 443
Mr. Wharton to Señor Romero. Feb. 23 Same subject: Arrest and detention at San Ignacio, Tex., of Isidor Ereda and Quiocino announced by the War Department. 444
Same to same. Feb. 25 Same subject: Capture of 19 bandits is reported by War Department. 444
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. Mar. 15 Same subject: Informs him of the killing and arrest of sundry bandits: gives names. 444
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 16 Same subject: Acknowledges the above with thanks, and expresses the belief that offenders will be punished and a recurrence of raids discouraged. 445
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. Mar. 18 Same subject: Announces the surrender and arrival at Fort Ringgold of certain named bandits. 445
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 18 Same subject: Acknowledges above; contrasts! present effectiveness with former leniency. 445
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. Mar. 30 Same subject: Surrender and capture of certain named bandits reported by War Department. 446
Same to same Mar. 31 Same subject: The cooperation of troops suggested in note of. February 6 is concurred in by War Department. 446
Same to same Apr. 21 Same subject: Surrender of 2 bandits to United States troops April 19 reported by War Department. 447
Mr. Adee to Señor Romero Apr. 27 Same subject. Notifies him of capture of Pedro Garcia by Lieut West. 447
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 28 Shots fired at sentry box of custom-house at Camargo: Transmits complaint of his Government, and asks that proper steps be taken to prevent a repetition of the offense and to punish the offender. 448
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. May 3 Neutrality: Capture of Delfino Garcia by Lieut. Walker announced. 448
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. June 9 Shots fired at sentry box at custom-house at Camargo: Refers to his note of April 28, and complains of repetition of the act on June 2, and asks that measures be taken to prevent same. 448
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. June 10 Same subject: The soldiers who fired could not be discovered; instructions have been sent to prevent recurrence. Incloses letter from War Department. 449
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. June 12 Same subject: Acknowledges note of June 9 and and adverts to his of same date. 450
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. June 14 Same subject: Note of June 9 has been referred to War Department with the request that stringent measures be adopted and the offenders detected. 451
Same to same June 15 Same subject: Note of June 12 has been referred to War Department. 451
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. June 22 Same subject: Information has been received from minister for foreign affairs that the 2 guilty soldiers have been identified and sent back to Fort Ringgold for investigation and punishment as promised. 451
Mr. Adee to Señor Romero June 26 Same subject: Informs him that the 2 soldiers who fired the shots are awaiting court-martial at Fort Ringgold. 452
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. July 19 Same subject: Incloses War Department’s letter of July 17, reciting punishment inflicted upon the 2 guilty soldiers, and measures taken to prevent recurrence. 453
[Page LXIII] Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Ang. 5 Violation of the sovereignty of Mexico through the invasion of its territory by 6 armed men from Texas, commanded by Capt. Frank C. Jones, inpursuit of one Jesus Holguin; after an affray which resulted in the wounding of Holguin and his son and the death of Capt. Jones, the invasion was repeated by another armed force of some 60 men: Protests and asks that offenders be punished and orders issued against recurrence. 455
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. do Neutrality: War Department reports the capture of 2 of Catarino Garza’s men. 456
Mr. Quincy to Señor Romero. Aug. 12 Same subject: War Department reports the capture of 2 more Garza men and 2 San Ignacio men. 456
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. Aug. 16 Invasion of Mexican territory: Acknowledges note of August 5. The complaint therein set forth is being investigated. 456
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 6 Same subject: Reports kidnaping, ill treatment and illegal sentence in the case of Jesus Garcia, at Nogales, Mexico. Incloses documents and note from his Government, makes formal complaint by direction, and asks for punishment of Deputy Sheriff John Roberts, and indemnity for Garcia. Calls attention to frequency of violation of Mexican territory. 457
Mr. Adee to Señor Romero Sept. 25 Same subject: Informs him that the governor of Arizona has been asked to investigate and report on the facts stated in the above note. 462
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. Oct. 12 Same subject: Refers to note of August 5 relative to the alleged invasion, incloses reports, and quotes from letter of governor of Texas showing that Capt. Jones crossed the unmarked boundary in pursuit of an offender without knowing that he was in Mexican territory, and that Mexican officers do likewise. 462
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 13 Same subject: Remarks that the complaint in note of August 5 had for its object not only reparation but the prevention of a recurrence, and that while this point is not touched upon in Department’s note it is believed that Capt. Jones’ example will effect that object. 466
Mr. Adee to Señor Romero Oct. 17 Same subject: Contents of the note of October 13 have been made known to governor of Texas. 467
Señor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Nov. 15 Neutrality: Reports attack on and robbery of custom house at Las Palomasby bandits, who afterward took refuge in the United States. Also contemplated incursion into Mexico being prepared at Silver City, N. Mex. Asks that the United States prevent the arming of expeditions against Mexico. 467
Same to same Nov. 17 Same subject: Mexican consul at El Paso reports raid in preparation at San Elizario, Tex. Believes that United States troops dispatched from Fort Bliss could apprehend the 25 men engaged therein. 468
Mr. Gresham to Señor Romero. Nov. 18 Same subject: Note of November 15, relative to attack on and robbery of custom-house at Las Palomas has been given to War Department 468
Seuor Romero to Mr. Gresham. Nov. 19 Same subject: Complains that notwithstanding advice given to them, Texas authorities permitted a band of 65 men to form at San Elizario and thence invade Mexican territory. 468
Mr. Uhl to Señor Romero Nov. 20 Same subject: Note of November 17, relative to raid prepared at and accomplished from San Elizario, Tex., has been given to War Department, that of November 19 to War Department and Attorney-General. 469
Same to same Nov. 20 Same subject: Quotes from War Department letter of November 18, as to sending United States troops to the border. 469
Same to same Nov. 21 Same subject: Incloses War Department’s letter of November 20, reporting that no armed party was found at San Elizario. 469
Same to same Nov. 24 Same subject: Gen. Wheaton reports that he has no information of an armed party preparing to cross into Mexico. 470
[Page LXIV] Mr. Uhl to Señor Romero 1893. Nov. 28 Neutrality: Commanding officer at San Antonio reports that no armed party has crossed from El Paso. 471
Same to same Nov. 28 Same subject: Reports action taken by governor of New Mexico with reference to legation’s note of November 15. 471

netherlands.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
360 Mr. Thayer to Mr. Poster. 1892. Nov. 3 Naturalization in the Netherlands: Incloses a copy of the bill expected to shortly become a law, amending previous laws. 472
367 Same to same Dec. 30 Same subject: Reports that bill referred to in No. 360 has become a law. 475

persia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
10 Mr. Sperry to Mr. Poster 1893. Jan. 16 Insults to the wife of the Rev. Louis F. Esselstyn by a boy, who was whipped for the offense and his bond taken to keep the peace. Incloses correspondence with Esselstyn and proceedings. 476
13 Same to same Jan. 25 Missionary troubles at Tabriz: Reports arbitrary closing of the American mission church and school; efforts of Mr. Tyler, then in charge of legal ion; secures reopening, after protracted negotiations, from October to January; incloses report of Mr. Tyler and resolutions of thanks from missionaries. 480
18 Same to same Feb. 23 Protection and asylum to Hajie Seyyah: Reports that he is threatened with imprisonment, after having been already imprisoned for political reasons; describes certificates of naturalization; Persian Government claimed they should have been given notice of his naturalization, but failed to sustain assertion; Seyyah has been given temporary asylum. 487
20 Same to same Feb. 27 Same subject: Persia claims that her subjects can not renounce their allegiance without permission, and that United States representatives are not permitted to protect Persian subjects; Seyyah has been given a place as employe of legation, pending receipt of instructions; charges of political offenses are denied, and Seyyah only wants to be allowed to leave Persia unmolested; incloses note and extract from treaty between Persia and Russia. 490
23 Same to same Mar. 1 Same subject: Reports interview with representative of prime minister. Position of Persia that subjects can not renounce their allegiance, is confirmed by Russian and British representatives, but Seyyah is held at legation pending instructions. 492
28 Mr. Sperry to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 8 Missionary troubles at Tabriz: Incloses resolutions of the American missionaries expressing their thanks for the satisfactory termination of the difficulty. 495
34 Same to same Mar 29 Protection and asylum to Hajie Seyyah: Incloses orders restoring his allowance as one of the priestly caste, and his property rights, leaving but minor matters pending. In this settlement no reference was made to his citizenship nor any communication made to the legation, but result was undoubtedly due to protection. 496
33 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Sperry May 17 Protection and asylum to Haiie Seyyah: Reviews facts presented in dispatches Nos. 18, 20, 26, and 34, and decides that while the citizenship of Seyyah can not be affected by internal laws of Persia or her treaty with Russia, Seyyah has forfeited his right to protection by his own acts after leaving the United States. 498
[Page LXV] and that asylum, always discountenanced by the United States, is not justified in his case by any criminal or political charge. Reproves his subterfuge in giving Seyyah a fictitious employment in legation, thereby endangering freedom of bona fide servants.
74 Mr. Sperry to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 12 Same subject: Incloses note to prime minister informing him of Department’s decision in No. 33. 500
16 Mr. Adee to Mr. McDonald. Sept. 21 Same subject: Informs him that Mr. Sperry misunderstood instruction of May 17, as shown in his No. 74; the question of citizenship was not passed upon; the Executive is not competent to declare forfeiture of citizenship, naturalization being a judicial act; Persian Government should be informed of Mr. Sperry’s error. 501
26 Mr. McDonald to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 21 Murder of Aga Jan Khan, a Christian Persian: Incloses letters relating the atrocious circumstances of the crime, and the alarm created thereby among Christians at Oroomiah; the attention of the Persian Government unofficially called to the matter. 502
27 Same to same Oct. 26 Same subject: The Shah promises punishment of the murderers and protection to the Christians; incloses prime minister’s note. 504
30 Same to same Oct. 29 Same subject: Missionaries wish the Shah’s letter in No. 27 to be published; incloses his note of acknowledgment of said letter and minister for foreign affairs’ reply. 505
36 Same to same Nov. 9 Protection of Hajie Seyyah. Incloses note to minister of state correcting Minister Sperry’s misinterpretation of instruction, No. 33. 505
41 Same to same Nov. 23 Same subject: Reply of prime minister to his note inclosed in No. 36 insists that Hajie Seyyah never ceased to be a Persian subject. Though contrary to international law, the position will not, for Hajie Seyyah’s sake, be disputed, except under instruction. 506
29 Mr. Uhl to Mr. McDonald Nov. 28 Murder of Aga Jan Khan. Acknowledges No. 26 and approves his interpretation, which was justified by the alarm created among American residents. 507
30 Same to same Dec. 5 Same subject. Expresses appreciation of the Shah’s action in the matter as reported in No. 27. 507
37 Same to same Jan. 5 Protection and asylum to Hajie Seyyah. Instructs him to inform minister for foreign affairs that the incident in his particular case was terminated by the announcement that he was not entitled to protection as a bona fide citizen. The abstract question of protection of lawful citizens need not be discussed. 503

peru.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
482 Mr. Hicks to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Apr. 3 Outrages on U. S. consular agency at Mollendo: Reports that at the funeral of’ a prominent Mason the lodge was attacked and sacked by a mob which also invaded neighboring houses, one of which was the U. S. consular agency, Acting Consular Agent Meier was shot in the leg. Religious fanaticism apparently the only cause of riot. 509
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 5 Same subject: Condensed report of the attack above referred to. 510
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Hicks (telegram). Apr. 6 Same subject: Instructs him to protest against failure of authorities to afford protection to consulate, and, if facts are well established, to ask expression of regret, prompt prosecution of the guilty parties and reparation for injury to American property and person. 510
Mr. Hicks to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Apr. 9 Same subject: Reports that before sending telegram of the 5th, he dispatched note to the foreign office calling attention to gravity of affair, and asking for information. Received to-day detailed reply regretting occurrence, 511
[Page LXVI] promising prompt punishment of Mollendo delinquents and reparation for damages with statement that subprefect has been removed. Reply seems equitable and his judgment is not to make protest unless Department so direct.
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Hicks (telegram). Apr. 10 Same subject: Expresses gratification at promises of Peruvian Government relative to Mollendo incident and confidently awaits their prompt fulfillment. 511
485 Mr. Hicks to Mr. Gresham. do Same subject: Incloses acting consular agent’s report and notes referred to in telegram of April 9. 511
486 Same to same Apr. 15 Same subject: Will present claim of consular agent without delay. It will probably be paid if reasonable. Incloses his note to foreign office. 515
493 Same to same Apr. 29 Same subject: The consular agent’s claim has been presented in an inclosed note and its prompt settlement orally urged. 516
289 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Hicks- May 3 Same subject: Believes that the friendly attitude of Peru reported in No. 485 will insure the punishment of offenders andreparation of loss. Tender by Peru of medical expenses of Acting Consular Agent Meier would be acceptable. 517
496 Mr. Hicks to Mr. Gresham May 8 Same subject: Informs Department that minister for foreign affairs awaits report from Mollendo. 517
499 Same to same May 20 Same subject: Reports interview with recently appointed minister for foreign affairs, who asks for a reduction of the amount claimed by Mr. Meier, and promises early consideration. 518
302 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Hicks. June 9 Same subject: Peruvian minister at Washington expresses readiness of his Government to make reparation, asking only indulgence as to time; original statement of Acting Consular Agent Meier that claim would be made for actual loss only, justifies the expectation that an amicable adjustment may be reached without undue pressure. 519
506 Mr. Hicks to Mr. Gresham June 12 Same subject: Reports interviews with minister for foreign affairs; it is claimed that the coat of arms of the United States was not on the building. Offer, of 1,000 soles finally raised to 2,000. 520
512 Same to same June 17 Same subject: Reports the payment of 2,000 soles by Peru in full settlement; incloses correspondence with the acting consular agent and foreign office, and bank receipt. 522
9 Mr. Gresham to Mr. McKenzie. July 7 Same subject: Expresses gratification at settlement reported in No. 512. 524
50 Mr. McKenzie to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 23 Immigration. Law passed by Peruvian congress for the encouragement of. 524

russia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
212 Mr. Foster to Mr. Wurts 1892. Aug. 23 Military service of Jacob Goldstein a naturalized American citizen: Incloses letter, of Mrs. Goldstein of August 17, 1892, reporting the arrest and imprisonment of her husband, who is the bearer of a Department passport. Instructs him to investigate and take appropriate action. 526
239 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Foster Sept. 7 Same subject: Suggests that in view of the fixed policy of the Russian Government to punish subjects who have avoided military duty on their return to Russia a petition for clemency appears to be the only resource. Refers to the case of Kempinski in 1889, who was sentenced to exile, in Siberia and subsequently pardoned. 527
249 Same to same Oct. [17 Same subject: Russian Government claims that his real name is Yaukel Zlotow and that he has been arrested for entering Russia with a false passport. Incloses note. Refers to the dispatch No. 239 and to the correspondence of consul at Odessa with authorities 528
[Page LXVII]12 Mr. Foster to Mr. White 1892. Nov. 7 Same subject: Department reserves the right to judge as to the validity of passport. Goldstein’s statement of his birthplace does not agree with that given in his passport application. As to identity of Goldstein, Department will investigate. 529
19 Same to same Nov. 26 Same subject: Adverts to informal inquiry of Russian chargé as to genuineness of passport and certificate of naturalization and objections entertained by the Department to this proceeding. Instructs him to say that the cooperation of the legation will be rendered in cases of doubt as to genuineness of passport or identity of holder, but that the United States expects that its passport will be duly respected as prima facie evidence, and that its validity can only be traversed by competent proof. 530
21 Mr. White to Mr. Foster Dec. 15 Same subject; Refers to dispatch No. 12 (November 7) and states that Goldstein’s passport was sent to Washington during interim at legation. Cases of a similar nature will hereafter be referred to legation. 531
22 Same to same Dec. 16 Same subject: Discrepancies in Goldstein’s statements make it doubtful whether he is not Yankel Zlotom, as claimed by Russian authorities. Consul at Odessa has been directed to investigate. 531
48 Same to same 1893. Jan. 25 Passport application of William Lassonne submitted with the statement that Lasonne will shortly return to the United States, but can not say whether it will be to establish a permanent residence. 532
55 Same to same Feb. 13 Passport application of Hugo Sundel: He is unable to produce certificate of naturalization, and after residing in the United States from 1865 to 1873 has never returned there since. He bears an old passport. Requests instructions. 533
58 Same to same Feb. 16 Railway, Trans-Siberian: Discusses rescript appointing the heir to the throne president of, as showing the civilizing aim pursued by the enterprise. 534
60 Mr. Wharton to Mr. White. Feb. 28 Passports of Jews: Refusal of cousul general of Russia at New York, to visé that of Mrs. Lerin. Incloses correspondence with Russian legation and refers to previous correspondence between the Department and the legation at St. Petersburg. The inquisition into religious faith is forbidden by the Constitution and can not be acquiesced in by the United States when exercised by a foreign agency within this territory. Adverts to previous allegiance of Mrs. Lerin and expresses the hope that passport will be accepted as authoritative evidence of citizenship. 536
64 Same to same Mar. 2 Passport application of Hugo Sundel: Loss of certificate of naturalization is not material, as sufficient evidence must have been given when the old passport was issued by legation; but short residence after naturalization calls for proof of bona fide conservation of citizenship and intention to return before issuing new passport. 537
76 Mr. Gresham to Mr. White. Mar. 24 Passport application of William Lassonne: This is clearly a case of evasion of duties of citizenship in either country; the application need not be considered until intention to return is corroborated by the acquisition of a residence in the United States. 538
81 Mr. White to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 11 Passports of Jews: Reports that no action has yet been taken in the matter of visé refused in New York to Mrs. Minnie Lerin, owing to absence of M. de Giers. 538
96 Same to same May 12 Famine in Finland: Reports that relief fund of 41,000 rubles sent by mayor of Philadelphia was distributed entirely unofficially. Incloses letter to Mayor Stuart giving full account of his action. 539
[Page LXVIII]97 Mr. White to Mr. Gresham 1893. May 19 Military service case of Jacob Goldstein has been favorably decided by the courts. Goldstein left the country in December and his whereabouts is unknown. 541
99 May 19 Passport application of David Waldenberg and his son Jacob. The father left the United States in 1864 and does not declare intention to return; the son was born in Poland; never resided in the United States, but declares intention to return within two years, which, however, does not seem to be bona tide. Passport declined, but protection against threatened expulsion of Jacob as a Jew has been asked for two years. 541
100 Same to same May 22 Expulsion of Joseph Glowacki on a charge of disrespect to the Emperor: A note in behalf of his being allowed to return has been directed to the foreign office. Presents merits of the case. 542
99 Mr. Gresham to Mr. White. June 3 Military service of Jacob Goldstein: Considers the case as disposed of by his dispatch No. 97. 543
13 Same to same June 6 Passport application of David Waldenberg and his son Jacob: Informs him that the father has evidently forfeited his rights by continuous residence in the country of original allegiance. Jacob, if truly intending to return, may be given a passport for that purpose only; minor sons are entitled to protection under section 1993, Revised Statutes, until they reach majority and avail themselves of the right of option of domicile. Incloses 84 to Japan. 543
123 Mr. Webb to Mr. Adee Aug. 9 Passport issued to Simon James Gordon, a naturalized citizen, who left the United States in 1872, after securing naturalization, and never returned. Describes him as a bad character, and says that it was only issued on his sworn statement of intention to return immediately. Asks instructions for the future. 544
129 Mr. Webb to Mr. Gresham Aug. 25 Expulsion of Joseph Glowacki: In spite of the order allowing him to enter Russia, with the exception of his native village, he was again detained at the frontier, and finally expelled. Promise has been received that, barring further unfavorable evidence, the original order will be carried out. 544
134 Sept. 5 Same subject: New orders have been issued to let him enter, and regret expressed for the misunderstanding at the frontier. 545
123 Mr. Adee to Mr. White Sept. 21 Same subject: The Department is gratified to learn that Glowacki has been granted permission to again enter Russia, and that the case is thus closed. 545
153 Mr. White to Mr. Gresham. Nov. 7 Famine of 1892 in Russia: Address of thanks of the nobility of St. Petersburg to the people of the United States. 546
143 | Mr. Uhl to Mr. White. Nov. 24 Same subject: Address of nobility will be carefully preserved. 546

correspondence with the russian legation in Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Foster to Prince Cantacuzéne. 1893. Feb. 16 Passports of Jews: Refers to refusal of visa to Mrs. Mannie Lerin, and assuming that the right to refuse might apply to Russian subjects who have not performed military service, does not perceive how it can apply to a lady, and requests explanations. 547
Prince Cantacuzéne to Mr. Adee. Feb. 20 Same subject: Refusal of visa by consul-general in New York was according to instructions, Mrs. Mannie Lerin, declaring herself a Jewess, and visa being, except in certain cases, refused to foreign Jews. 547
Mr. Wharton to Prince Cantacuzéne. Feb. 28 Same subject: Acknowledges note of February 20 “under the reserve imposed upon the Government by its Constitution and laws, and by its just expectation that its certification of the character of American citizenship will be respected.” 548
[Page LXIX]

saim.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
67 Mr. Boyd to Mr. Gresham 1893. July 17 France and Siam: Conflict between; gives an account of the engagement between French gunboats and Siamese forts, of the sinking of French steamship J. B. Say by the Siamese, and the following suspension of hostilities; incloses clipping from Bangkok Times giving official correspondence relative to the allowing of French war vessels in the river. 549
68 Same to same July 26 Same subject: Siam denies French ultimatum; diplomatic relations terminated; French gnnboats with minister depart; incloses French ultimatum and Siam’s reply. 554
69 Same to same July 27 Same subject: Notice of blockade has been given to vessels and ports. 555
70 Same to same July 31 Same subject: Blockade of all Siamese ports of importance declared by the French on the 27th. 556
71 Same to same Aug. 5 Same subject: Blockade raised upon acceptation of ultimatum by Siam at Paris. 556
73 Same to same Aug. 23 Same subject: Final arragements are to be concluded by the French envoy, M. Le Myre de Vilers. 557
79 Same to same Oct. 23 Same subject: Incloses treaty between France and Siam. The French still occupy and are fortifying Chantaboon. 557

spain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden (telegram). 1893. Jan. 5 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Their claim must not be complicated with other questions. The President expects a complete settlement without delay. 559
59 Mr. Snowden to Mr. Foster. Jan. 7 Same subject: Inclose note to minister for foreign affairs presenting the case and replying to the argument of the Duke of Tetuan. He will press the claim for indemnity to, and return of, the missionaries. 559
63 Same to same Jan. 14 Same subject: Preliminary interview with minister for foreign affairs, who states that public sentiment is opposed to the return of the missionaries, who are believed to have been the cause of the loss of life on the islands. 562
Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden (telegram). Jan. 20 Same subject: Settlement should be pressed to an early conclusion. 563
70 Mr. Snowden to Mr. Foster. Jan. 25 Same subject: Minister for foreign affairs, after objecting to return of missionaries on the ground that their presence incited rebellion, finally agreed to reopen the case on request in writing, and to refer the return of missionaries to the governor of the Philippine Islands. Gives full account of interview. 565
72 Same to same Jan. 30 Caravel Santa Maria: Inclose note from minister for foreign affairs offering same to the United States. 565
73 Same to same Jan. 30 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: In closes memorandum of chronological statement of events read at interview with minister for foreign affairs. 565
77 Same to same Feb. 2 Same subject: Minister for foreign affairs insisted upon the right of a nation to exclude foreigners, and further contended that the missionaries having voluntarily left the islands are not entitled to return, all of which was disputed. Incloses note to minister for foreign affairs reopening the case as agreed. 569
101 Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden. Feb. 7 Same subject: Quoting from minister for foreign affairs’ note in dispatch of January 11, 1892, expresses the hope that assurances given then and in 1885 as to the return of the missionaries will be carried out, leaving only the Question of indemnify to be settled. 570
Mr. Snowden to Mr. Foster (telegram). Feb. 14 Same subject: Asks if in view of impending interview he may propose arbitration in case of refusal or delay in the matter of the return of the missionaries and indemnity, and for definite instructions as to his next move, if that is rejected. 571
[Page LXX] Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden (telegram). 1883. Feb. 14 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: In view of Spain’s assurances in 1886, arbitration is deemed as unnecessary as it, is unacceptable. 571
116 Same to same Feb. 20 Same subject: Department’s instructions were relaxed but once in 1892 upon assurances given by Spanish Government; denies that presence of missionaries incited trouble or that their departure was voluntary; position indicated in telegram of February 18 and thus far ably held by him will be maintained. 571
102 Mr. Snowden to Mr. Foster. Feb. 28 Caravel Santa Maria: Incloses note to minister for foreign affairs accepting the, with appreciation. 573
106 Same to same Mar. 3 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Memorandum of guaranties given by Spain in 1886 as to treatment of Americans was left with prime minister; note to minister for foreign affairs setting forth sums expended and losses sustained by missionaries, and placing indemnity at $25,000 or $250,000, according to the granting: or refusing of permission to return. 574
132 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Snowden. Mar. 6 Caravel: Incloses Navy Department letter of March, 1893, accepting the Santa Maria. 575
144 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Snowden. Mar. 18 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Commends his memorandum to prime minister in No. 106. 576
119 Mr. Snowden to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 25 Same subject: Minister for foreign affairs has agreed to have an understanding as to the return of the missionaries with the new governor of the Philippine Islands before his departure for his post. Reports interviews and incloses notes. 577
155 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Snowden. Apr. 4 Same subject: Indorses letter of March 28 from Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions urging a settlement. 579
139 Mr. Snowden to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 17 Same subject: The question of return of the missionaries will be decided on the arrival of the new governor at his post, who has been instructed to telegraph. Question of indemnity will be treated in forthcoming interview. 580
162 Same to same May 28 Same subject: Reports conference with minister of state and minister of colonies, at which amount of indemnity was determined in the sum of $17,500. Presents a statement of his efforts in the case. 581
4 Mr. Bonsai to Mr. Gresham. June 5 Same subject: Incloses notes exchanged between late Minister Snowden and the Spanish Government. 583
33 Mr. Taylor to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 19 Same subject: Quotes note to Spanish Government urging return of missionaries and payment of indemnity; asks for instructions as to course to be followed in prosecuting the matter. 584
26 Mr. Adee to Mr. Taylor July 27 Same subject: Incloses letters from and to American Board of Foreign Missions in regard to the reported settlement. 586
35 Same to same Sept. 22 Same subject: The disappointment of the President that the settlement promised six years ago has not yet been effected is to be expressed by correspondence or interviews. The restoration of their rights can not be disassociated from the small idemnity already tendered. 586
40 Mr. Taylor to Mr. Gresham Oct. 6 Same subject: A second note has been addressed to the Spanish Government, requesting a reply to that in No. 33. 587
43 Same to same Oct. 14 Same subject: Incloses reply of foreign office to his note of August 18. It repeats that missionaries can not, for their own safety, be yet allowed to return; that they were not driven out as alleged, but left voluntarily, and asks that some one be designated to receive indemnity agreed on. 558
[Page LXXI]

turkey.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
11 Mr. Foster to Mr. Thompson. 1892 Dec. 9 Missionary troubles at Jendairia and El Dainey: Incloses letter of Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions. Instructs him to obtain the restoration of property at Jendairia and reopening of closed schools by courteous but decided representations. Leaves the question of indemnity or proceeding against the Government to his discretion. 589
18 Same to same Dec. 5 Emigration: Instructs him to request permission for the, of Mr. Michaelian’s family. Incloses letter of Mr. Michaelian. 591
24 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Foster. 1893. Feb. 5 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Quotes telegrams reporting the burning of American college; the minister for foreign affairs promises investigation and protection, but facts reported show negligence on the part of authorities. In the absence of British or American representatives near seat of troubles the German minister has been asked for and granted protection by German consul at Amasia. 593
30 Mr. Foster to Mr. Thompson. Feb. 6 Missionary troubles in Turkey: Incloses letter of February 2, from Board of American Missions, who have been informed that their rights as citizens are covered by previous instructions from the Department. 594
25 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Foster. Feb. 6 Riots at Cesarea: Outburst of fanaticism apprehended. Communicates reports of; action will be taken by British and German ambassadors in view of prevention of disturbances. 596
27 Same to same Feb. 7 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Reports that the U. S. consul at Sivas was called to Marsovan by a telegram from the German consul. 597
28 Same to same Feb. 8 Same subject: Incloses letter of instructions to Consul Jewett. Reports that Turkish authorities claim the right to open letters when there is a disturbance in the country to which they are sent. 597
29 Same to same Feb. 9 Same subject: U. S. consul at Sivas has been instructed to investigate, and proceeded to the seat of disturbances. 598
31 Mr. Foster to Mr. Thompson. Feb. 9 Passport issued to Mrs. Michaelian with a view of her coming to join her husband in the United States. Informs him that he has exceeded his instructions. Discusses the law relative to citizenship of the alien wife of a citizen, naturalized or native; states that in the case of one still residing in the country of her allegiance, the Department refrains from asserting her title to citizenship; as to minor children who have never resided in the United States, they are not entitled to passports. If Turkish government should test the evidence of the passport he should use good offices as per instruction No. 18, and report to the Department any unfavorable result. 598
30 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Foster. Feb. 14 Censorship over books of missionaries objected to by them on the ground of long delay and unwarranted expunging by the present censor; incloses letter from the Evangelic Alliance, and note to Turkish Government urging reestablishment of commission, composed of Mussulmans and Christians. 599
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Feb. 27 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: The gravity of the situation justifies the legation in making earnest representations to Turkish Government, and in taking advantage of coincident action of English and German colleagues to secure protection for life and property, repression of disorders, and punishment of offenders. 603
39 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Foster. Feb. 28 Passport issued to Mrs. Michalian: Explains that it was done in accordance with Turkish law, and as affording the best means of carrying out instructions to assist her in joining her husband in the United States. 609
[Page LXXII]44 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Thompson. 1893. Mar. 1 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Approves his action as reported to the Department, directs him to continue earnest representations, and secure protection of life and indemnity for injuries. 604
41 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Foster Mar. 1 Same subject: Incloses report of Consul Jewett, showing interference with correspondence and connivance, if not instigation, on the part of Hosref Pacha. A copy has been given to minister of foreign affairs, who has been asked to stop interference with mail, and to order a thorough investigation of the burning in the presence of Consul Jewett. British and German ambassadors have Promised cooperation. 604
42 Same to same Mar. 1 Same subject: Consul Jewett has been instructed to allow examination of gate-keeper in his presence on condition that he shall not be imprisoned unless guilty of crime, and to investigate the imprisonment of teachers. Incloses letter of instructions. 606
47 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 7 Same subject: Incloses report of Consul Jewett with accompanying memoranda of missionaries relative to past relations, purchase of property, present troubles, and treatment of teachers. Minister of foreign affairs asks that investigation be had as to the printing of placards or storage of arms in burned college, which is agreed to, provided that investigation be conducted in the presence of the consul of the United States. 608
49 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson. Mar. 8 Same subject: Incloses letter of March 2, from American Board of Foreign Missions. Directs him to maintain the right of free communication with the legation. 617
53 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 16 Same subject: Incloses note verbale from the Porte complaining of alleged reprehensible actions of the United States vice-consul and teachers at Marsovan, and reply, stating that there is no vice-consul at Marsovan, but that Consul Jewett is conducting investigations. Incloses telegram of instructions to Consul Jewett. 618
54 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson. Mar. 17 Violation of official correspondence as apprehended, furnishes ground for earnest protest. Directs him to request investigation as to his letter to Consul Jewett, of February 3, failing to reach its destination as stated in No. 42. 620
58 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 22 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Consul Jewett reports that he received none of the telegrams or letters sent him, and Secretary Newberry has been sent with an attach of the foreign office to assist in the investigation. Consular agent at Samsoun, who has never been recognized by the Porte, received placards, and his office has been closed by Mr. Newberry. Incloses Consul Jewett’s report and instructions to Mr. Newberry. 620
56 Mr. Qnincy to Mr. Thompson. Mar. 25 Mails: Interference with private. Incloses letter of Mrs. L. A. W. Fowler, of March 22, and directs requisite action, which, however, should be kept independent of that relating to the much more serious question of interference with official correspondence. 623
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Apr. 1 Missionary troubles at Marsovan are regarded by the President as critical. Directs him to concentrate action on the main question, regardless of alleged acts of students; to keep in communication with Consul Jewett, by messenger, if necessary; to protest against any violation of correspondence, and to keep Department informed by cable. 624
69 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 4 Same subject: The land and permit to build college are both in the name of a Turkish subject, which complicates the question; protest has been made against interference with official correspondence and an investigation instituted. 652
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Apr. 10 Same subject: Reports return of Secretary Newberry with sufficient evidence upon which to base demand for payment of 500 Turkish pounds, 625
[Page LXXIII] the value of the burned building; issuance of an irade in favor of the schools; assurance of adequate protection and immediate authority to rebuild. Requests instructions.
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson (telegram). Apr. 12 Same subject: Instructs him to demand full value of burned building, immediate permit to rebuild, license for school and its efficient protection, not waiving right to hereafter demand punishment of guilty parties. 625
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Apr. 14 Same subject: Reports that minister promises full satisfaction without formal demand before the 22d instant: the time has been granted. 626
73 Same to same Apr. 14 Same subject: Confirms above; delay requested on account of Turkish annual fast (Rhamadan.) 626
63 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson. Apr. 14 Same subject: Acknowledges and approves No. 53; commends report of Consul Jewett in No. 47. 626
76 Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 21 Censorship over books of missionaries: Passages referred to in No. 30 have been restored and satisfactory time agreed upon for work of censor. 627
78 Same to same Apr. 24 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Report of Mr. Newberry establishes that native teachers and students did engage in revolutionary movements, and that Hosref Pacha, assisted by gens d’armes, set college on fire; reports as to maltreatment of Turkish boys by students. 627
81 Same to same Apr. 27 Same subject: Reports that mail to and from Consul Jewett has been accounted for after long delay; mission of Mr. Newberry was discharged with ability and resulted in suggestions to the Porte of removal of Turkish officials and amnesty to Armenians, both of which were favorable received. 630
82 Apr. 27 Same subject: Reports payment of 500 Turkish pounds; irade issued for rebuilding; another will issue granting protection and exemption from taxation. 631
77 Mr. Adee to Mr. Thompson Apr. 29 Same subject: Suggests that inquiry be made as to the reasons which led college authorities to have title to land and permission to build, taken in the name of a Turkish subject when the right was conceded to them by Imperial Rescript and Arifi—Boker protocol of 1874. 632
84 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Newberry. May 9 Censorship of religious books: Acknowledges No. 76; learns with gratification that the Porte has taken satisfactory action in regard thereto. 632
86 Same to same May 15 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Directs him to ask good offices of British vice-consul at Angora at trial of the two native teachers; congratulates him on the ability and thoroughness of his investigation reported in Nos. 78 and 82; incloses correspondence with American Board of Foreign Missions. 632
87 Same to same May 15 Same subject: The title to land on which the burned building stood should, if possible, be granted to Board for Foreign Missions, trustees of the college; incloses letter from the board. 633
91 Mr. Quincy to Mr. Newberry. May 24 Same subject: Incloses letter from American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, expressing satisfaction at the settlement of the difficulty at Marsovan. 635
5 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell- June 19 Missionary troubles in Turkey: Incloses letter from Presbyterian Foreign Missionary Board, and refers to previous instructions on the general subject. 635
12 Mr. Adee to Mr. Terrell July 3 Medical practice by women: License for, desired by Dr. Mary P. Eddy. Incloses letters from and to F. P. Powers. 637
14 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. July 5 Jews: Restrictions on sale of real estate owned by. Incloses Nos. 20 and 21 to, and No. 49 from, consul at Jerusalem relative to the complaint made by Hyman Rose. Directs an inquiry into the matter, adverts to rights granted to aliens in regard to real property from which only former Ottoman subjects are excluded. The United States would protest against any discrimination based on mere religious faith. 638
[Page LXXIV]18 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. 1893. July 7 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Asks what progress has been made in guarantee of protection to college promised in No. 82. Incloses letter from American Board of Foreign Missions. 641
10 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. July 20 Assault on Miss Melton, in Koordistan: Reports action taken by legation and Turkish Government. Suggests that missionaries in remote parts secure vizirial letters for their protection through the legation. Incloses reports from missionaries incriminating Turkish soldiers rather than native Koords and correspondence between Turkish Government and local authorities relative to the punishment of offenders. 642
11 Same to same July 20 Passport application of Edward Albert Green: Born in Turkey while his father was acting consul. Has never resided in the United States, but intends to return within six years. Will issue a passport unless otherwise instructed. 649
16 Same to same July 22 Immigration from Turkey of the wife of Jacob Toprahanian, a naturalized citizen, who claims that the Porte could not refuse permission. Asks under what law the statement is made. 649
18 Same to same July 24 Assault on Miss Melton, in Koordistan: Reports that a vizirial letter for the protection of Americans has been sent to the governor of Mosul. Describes territory placed under this protection. 649
22 Same to same July 28 Same subject: Governor of Mosul has acknowledged receipt of order to protect Americans, and though parties who assaulted Miss Melton have not yet been found, they will soon be arrested and promptly punished. 650
25 Mr. Adee to Mr. Terrell July 28 Medical practice by women: Instructs him to authenticate the diplomas of Miss Dr. Eddy when presented and to secure recognition of the same by the authorities. 650
23 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. July 29 Jews: Purchase and sale of land owned by, in Jerusalem. No obstruction will be put in the way by the Government if the sale is made to a citizen; the acquisition of land in Jerusalem by nonresidents for speculative purposes only is discouraged by the Government. 651
28 Mr. Adee to Mr. Terrell July 31 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Refers to annoyances sustained by Garabed Kevorkian. Incloses letter of July 24 from Mr. McLean, which tends to show that he has only declared his intention, and is therefore not entitled to protection as a citizen. Directs him to investigate, and if Kevorkian is found to be regularly employed by missionary institution, good offices should be exerted to stop annoyances to the prejudice of his employers. 651
Same to same (telegram) July 31 Assault on Miss Melton, in Koordistan: Instructions to press for peremptory orders that strict justice be exercised and due protection afforded. 652
26 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 1 Same subject: Incloses letters from Mr. McDowell and his to the grand vizier relative to attack on Miss Melton. Will call on the grand vizier. 652
29 Mr. Adee to Mr. Terrell Aug. 1 Bulgaria: Protection of American interests in. Informs him that U. S. ambassador at London has been instructed to request that British consul-general at Sofia look after them. 656
30 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. Aug. 3 Assault on Miss Melton, in Koordistan: Incloses letter of July 29 from Presbyterian Board of Missions relative to the assault on Miss Melton, and emphasizes instructions sent by cable July 31. 656
29 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 5 Same subject: Gives an account of his interview with grand vizier, which was very satisfactory. Missionaries have now a feeling of security at Mosul. 665
33 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. Aug. 8 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Incloses letters from and to foreign Christian missionary society in regard to G. Kevorkian, whoso case will be decided, of course, according to his proof of citizenship. Refers to instructions No. 28. 665
[Page LXXV]35 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. 1893. Aug. 9 Emigration of the wife of Jacob Toprahanian: Without going so far as giving passport (dispatch No. 39, of February, 1893) he may, when means of transportation are furnished, use good offices for obtaining permission from Turkish Government for her departing. 666
36 Same to same Aug. 9 Passport application of Edward Albert Green: According to dispatch No. 11, Green is a natural citizen born out of the United States, and the only point is his bona fides as to intention to return. 607
37 Same to same Aug. 9 Assault on Miss Melton in Koordistan: Commends his action. 668
37 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 18 Same subject: Turkish Government is earnest in its efforts to find and punish the offenders. 668
41 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. Aug. 19 Jews: Eight to purchase and sell real estate in Jerusalem. Acknowledges dispatch No. 23. 669
40 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 21 Missionary troubles in Marsovan: Refers to delay in the issuance of promised irade and permit to build; the latter because a promise is exacted not to turn the building into a church or school; the former by the fear that if issued now the malcontents in Asia Minor will be incited to further disturbances. Incloses note to minister for foreign affairs and memorandum of interviews with grand vizier and minister for foreign affairs. If not otherwise directed he will demand issuance of irade on October 19. 669
49 Same to same Aug. 30 Same subject: The local authorities are delaying the transfer of the title to property with a view to defeat the issuance of irade and permit to build; torture inflicted on the college cook to compel an incrimination of the directory in connection with revolutionary proceedings. Incloses memoranda from college authorities on both the above points. 672
50 Same to same Aug. 31 Same subject: Assurance given by the grand vizier that orders would again be telegraphed. Expresses the opinion that college authorities can not be successful except by gaining the confidence of the Porte. 677
52 Same to same Sept. 4 Schools. American, in Turkey: Intimidation practiced on patrons of. He has made representations to the grand vizier and will, if necessary, ask for an audience by the Sultan on the matter. 678
59 Same to same Sept. 14 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: The governor on receipt of telegraphic orders from the Porte sent for the missionaries and gave them friendly assurances. The general feeling, however, is still opposed to missionaries, and the Porte recently requested their withdrawal from Bussorah. Incloses extract of letter to Mr. Riggs. 678
60 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. Sept. 15 Same subject: Expects him to courteously, but firmly insist upon the issuance of irade and permit to rebuild without conditions or delay, which Turkish Government freely promised. Remarks, that when these promises are evaded or repudiated it will be time to make a demand as of right. 679
60 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. Sept. 18 Same subject: Vizerial letter was read to Rev. Edward Riggs, who was introduced by him to the grand vizier on the 15th instant. Incloses substance of same as remembered by Mr. Riggs. 680
61 Same to same Sept. 19 Same subject: Hostility of the vali of Sivas to Americans illustrated in a letter from consul at Sivas to consul-general at Constantinople. His removal will be suggested to the Porte. 681
68 Same to same Sept. 23 Assault on Miss Melton in Koordistan: A telegram from Mosul announces that the trial of parties who assaulted Miss Melton is suffering needless delay. Governor has been removed. New governor, sent by grand vizier, instructed to punish guilty parties. 683
[Page LXXVI]70 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. 1893. Sept. 29 Naturalization treaty: Points out the necessity for a, with Turkey Reports growing difficulties on account of naturalized Turkish subjects who only take out letters of naturalization for the purpose of returning to and remaining in Turkey. Quotes proviso inserted in English passports issued to naturalized subjects. 683
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 2 Arrest of 2 naturalized citizens of the United States, natives of Turkey: One was released at the demand of the legation, the other expelled before news of his arrest reached the legation. Turkey is desirous of negotiating a treaty of extradition. 684
72 Same to same Oct. 2 Same subject: Particulars of the cases of Metzig, at Salonica, and of Paul G. Redighian, at Constantinople, above reported, his visit at the Porte resulting in the reluctant release of the latter. Incloses report of consular agent at Salonica, statements of Metzig, and note to the Porte. 685
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell (telegram). Oct. 4 Same subject: Desires fuller report. Inquires for the grounds of arrest and the nature of the Turkish Government’s claim. 688
Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Oct. 5 Same subject: Gives reasons for and purpose of the arrests; Turkey claims returning naturalized persons as her subjects. 688
73 Mr. Adee to Mr. Terrell Oct. 10 Missionary troubles in Marsovan Acknowledges No. 61, and comments on the attitude of the Vali. 689
Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Oct. 11 Arrest of naturalized citizens of Turkish origin: Asks whether his action in the matter is approved by the Department, and earnestly requests definite instructions. 689
78 Same to same Oct. 11 Assault on Miss Melton in Koordistan: Incloses letters from missionaries reciting obstacles thrown in the way of punishment of the parties who assaulted Miss Melton. 689
79 Same to same Oct. 12 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Incloses letter from Prof. Riggs describing satisfactory condition of affairs. 691
80 Same to same Oct. 12 Citizenship of Garabed Kevorkian: Recognized with reluctance and after long delay by the Porte, on the ground that he declared intention before the Turkish law of 1869, requiring the Sultan’s consent. 692
81 Same to same Oct. 14 Naturalization of Mr. Gargiulo, interpreter of the legation, who declared intention in the District of Columbia in 1881, and has served as interpreter of legation since 1873: Asks if, by virtue of extraterritoriality, he can grant letters of naturalization. 692
88 Same to same Oct. 21 Arrest and expulsion of naturalized Turkish subjects: Redighian, named in No. 72, has obtained permission to visit the interior; the other one, Metzig, has not been heard from. His expulsion seems a violation of treaty rights. 692
90 Same to same Oct. 25 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Iradé for college is not yet issued, notwithstanding note (inclosed) and interview reminding the Porte of the expiration of the promised term. Delay due to necessity of personal action by the Sultan. Formal demand will not be made except under telegraphic instructions. 694
93 Same to same Oct. 27 Assault on Miss Melton in Koordistan: Reports difficulty in securing evidence against assailants of Miss Melton. Incloses 2 letters from Rev. E. W. McDowell. 695
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell (telegram). Oct. 27 Expulsion of Armenians naturalized in the United States: The right of expulsion is an attribute of sovereignty, and in the absence of a treaty the United States can not insist that Turkey shall respect the naturalization of Armenians. Best efforts should, however, be used for the relief of arrested persons. 699
94 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 28 Same subject: Acknowledges receipt of the above, and invokes Article IV of the treaty of 1830 and instruction of November 28, 1885, under which he will claim exemption from arrest, 699
[Page LXXVII] except upon refusal to obey expulsion orders; and that all such cases be reported to the nearest U. S. consul.
79 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell Oct. 31 Assault on Miss Melton: It is believed that vizirial letter granted to missionaries, named in No. 78, will effectually protect the missionaries against apprehended danger. 700
80 Same to same Oct. 31 Missionary troubles at Marsovan: Incloses an appreciative letter of October 26 from American Board of Foreign Missions. 700
82 Same to same Nov. 2 Naturalization of legation interpreter can not be conferred by the minister: His judicial powers do not come within the description determined by section 2165, Revised Statutes, and Mr. Gargiulo’s service in the legation can not be construed as residence, notwithstanding extraterritoriality. 701
86 Mr. Adee to Mr. Terrell Nov. 8 Citizenship of G. Kevorkian: The secretary of the Foreign Christian Missionary Society is gratified at the result reported in Dispatch No. 80. 702
101 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham Nov. 8 Medical practice by women: Reports his success in obtaining permission for Miss Eddy to appear before examining board, and his hope that order prohibiting will be rescinded. 702
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 15 Expulsion of naturalized citizens, of Turkish origin: Turkey will only expel former subjects who have become naturalized without the Sultan’s consent since 1869, and will not imprison them. 702
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell (telegram). Nov. 18 Same subject: While recognizing the right of the Porte to expel Armenians, naturalized citizens of the United States, and incidentally to make arrests for that purpose, the legation will protest against their punishment as criminals and against protracted imprisonment for any reason. 703
107 Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham Nov. 18 Same subject: Reports his interviews with minister for foreign affairs and grand vizier, and incloses memorandum of conversations from which resulted the arrangement reported in telegram of November 15. 703
92 Mr. Uhl to Mr. Terrell Nov. 21 Medical practice by women: Directs him to express the appreciation of Department at the favorable action taken in the case of Dr. Miss Eddy. 704
93 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell Nov. 23 Assault on Miss Melton: Lack of evidence against Miss Melton’s assailants and other circumstances reported in Dispatch No. 93 do not absolve Turkish Government from the duty of ferreting them out and punishing them when found. 704
Mr. Terrell to Mr. Gresham (telegram). Nov. 25 Expulsion of Turkish subjects naturalized in the United States. His verbal agreement with the Sublime Porte, that no native of Turkey, a naturalized citizen of the United States, should be imprisoned unless he refused to leave the country, is disapproved by the Sultan. 705
114 Same to same Nov. 27 Same subject: Refusal of the Sultan to approve verbal arrangement under which naturalized Americans could be expelled, but without arrest, except for refusal to leave the country, not likely to be overcome except by demand of indemnity. Incloses note pressing for a definite arrangement. 705
101 Mr. Uhl to Mr. Terrell Dec. 7 Same subject: The right of expulsion is recognized by the United States as inherent to sovereignty, especially when it is based on other reasons than the mere fact of American citizenship and applied without discrimination. The Turkish minister has informed the Department that it was authorized by Ottoman law, and that negotiations were on foot for a definite understanding. United States will always intervene to protect rights to which citizens are entitled. 706
103 Same to same Dec. 12 Medical practice by women: Incloses letter of thanks of December 7 from Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions for his successful exertions in the case of Miss Eddy. 707
[Page LXXVIII]107 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Terrell. 1893. Dec. 22 Expulsion of naturalized Turkish subjects: The promise of the Porte not to imprison naturalized Americans, except to insure their leaving the country, does not rest on the verbal promise received by him only, but on explicit declarations given in writing by Turkish minister here. Incloses notes from and to Turkish legation of November 22 and 28. 708

correspondence with the legation of turkey in Washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mavroyeni Bey to Mr. Gresham. 1893 Aug. 20 Expulsion of Armenians naturalized in the United States: Calls attention to the fact that the greater number contemplate returning to Turkey, there to engage in seditious acts, and states that the Turkish Government would in such cases be constrained to refuse them admission into the Empire, even when they are furnished with United States passports. 709
Mr. Gresham to Mavroyeni Bey. Aug. 24 Same subject: The naturalization laws of the United States are uniform in operation and could not be withheld from a large class of Turkish subjects, nor could the Government of the United States admit that this class of citizens should be debarred from Turkey because of the alleged wrongdoings of some of them. 716
Mavroyeni Bey to Mr. Gresham. Aug. 28 Same subject: Insists upon the right of Turkey to protect herself against individuals who secure foreign protection for seditious purposes. 710
Mr. Gresham to Mavroyeni Bey. Sept. 2 Same subject: The explanations offered in the above note will be borne in mind if occasion should arise to discuss a specific case. 711
Mavroyeni Bey to Mr. Gresham. 1 Oct. 26 Armenian revolutionary articles published by the Haik, of New York: Incloses same, in support of statements made by the legation in regard to naturalized Armenians. 712
Mr. Gresham to Mavroyeni Bey. Nov. 2 Same subject: The two numbers of the “Haik” in note of October 26 will suffice for the Department’s information. 713
Mavroyeni Bey to Mr. Gresham. Nov. 22 Expulsion of Turkish subjects naturalized in the United States: The arrest was provisional, and made under the nationality law of Turkey; negotiations to determine the status of such persons are now on foot. 713
Mr. Uhl to Mavroyeni Bey Nov. 28 Same subject: The above note affords the gratifying conclusion that, while Turkey insists under her laws on her sovereign right to expel, she will not inflict any punishment which might be open to serious contention. 715

venezuela.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
375 Mr. Bartleman to Mr. Foster 1893. Jan. 6 Differential duties imposed on merchandise transshipped at Curacao: Incloses decree establishing 30 per cent additional duty. 717
5 Mr. Fester to Mr. Partridge. Feb. 8 Same subject: Referring to similar case related in Foreign Relations of 1882 and 1883, instructs him to make similar representations. 718
4 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Gresham. Mar. 8 Same subject: Discusses the decree referred to in No. 375, and shows how it solely affects the American Red D Steamship Line. The company’s agents, however, have arranged a direct line and do not wish legation to Intervene; action is deferred in consequence. 718
6 Same to same Mar. 10 Cable between the United States and Venezuela; transmits contract with Alfredo Fromentin and additional clause providing for reimbursement by Venezuela; says this indicates ultimate ownership by the Government and suggests the necessity of special provision to exclude monopoly before permission is granted to land in the United States; contractor is believed to be unable to carry out his contract for lack of funds or command of capital. 720
[Page LXXIX]21 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Partridge. 1893. Mar. 23 Differential duties against transshipments at Curasao; Department will await further developments in view of dispatch No. 4. 722
23 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Gresham. Apr. 11 Asylum of passengers on American vessels. Refers to the case of steamer Philadelphia and incloses decree of Supreme Court imposing a fine on judge at La Guayra for irregularity of procedure, and ordering a new trial; further proceedings stopped by a decree of pardon issued by the executive. 722
36 Same to same May 11 Relations between Venezuela and the United States: Transmits message of chief of executive power and report of minister for foreign affairs, and incloses translations of parts relating to. 724
40 Same to same May 25 Differential duties on merchandise transhipped at Curacao. Decree annulling that by which they were established inclosed. 725
46 Same to same June 6 Asylum of passengers on American vessels: Incloses decree of court dismissing case against Philadelphia in accordance with executive pardon reported in No. 23. 726
52 Same to same June 23 Constituent Assembly has adopted new constitution: Approved acts of General Crespo and maintains him at the head of executive power. Incloses acts. 727
55 Same to same July 1 Same subject: Adjourned June 14. Gives a list of acts passed, and incloses general amnesty law. 728
58 Same to same July 10 Orinoco River closed to foreign trade except the Boca Grande. Incloses a decree ordering the, and adverts to assurances given in December that the navigation of the river was open to all vessels. 729
59 Same to same July 12 Constitution of Venezuela: Discusses its provisions with special reference to clauses embodying declarations of Pan-American Conference as to claims and diplomatic intervention, and precluding treaties with nations not recognizing the same; minister for foreign affairs, however, explained that this would not apply to the extradition treaty or other than general treaty as to rights of aliens. 731
64 Same to same July 22 Facilities accorded to mail steamers carrying French postal agents; incloses decree; agents of Red D line have been promised that the same facilities will be extended to all mail steamers. 733
66 Same to same July 25 Same subject: Incloses decree extending facilities to Red D line, thus removing discrimination referred to in No. 64. 734
48 Mr. Adee to Mr. Partridge July 26 Constitution of Venezuela: Discusses the clauses relative to nationality and contractual claims, and approves his views thereon, as expressed in No. 59, 734
50 Same to same Aug. 1 Orinoco River closed to foreign trade, except Boca Grande; incloses letter of complaint from J. H. Dialogue & Son, of July 29, and directs proper action. 735
57 Mr. Gresham to Mr. Partridge, Aug. 24 Ships papers: Requirement of the Venezuelan law that they be all deposited at the customhouse; incloses extract of No. 137 of Aug. 10, 1893, from the U. S. consul at La Guayra, refers him to previous instructions, hoping that, as expected, a more favorable disposition will be evidenced. 736
93 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Gresham. Oct. 10 Same subject: Reports that the requirement of law, that they be all deposited at customhouse, can only be changed by action of Congress; Government of Venezuela favorably disposed toward the change. 737
97 Same to same Oct. 18 Orinoco River: Refers to Nos. 74 and 77: in closes letter from E. Lee, owner of a steamer plying in its waters, and note to foreign office, calling attention to the injury suffered by Mm on account of the closing of all of the mouths but one to foreign vessels. 737
109 Same to same Dec. 27 Same subject: Navigation of all the mouths will probably be reopened shortly by repeal of the decree” which closed them. 740
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