Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine.
Peking, March 21, 1892. (Received May 5.)
Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of an imperial decree which gives an official account of the recent riots and rebellion in Mongolia. This decree is founded on a report made by Li Hung Chang and Kweipin, the military governor of Jekol, on the conduct of the civil and military authorities before and during the disturbances. From this report it appears that there had been for a long time strained relations between the Chinese settlers and the native Mongols on the one hand, and between the Christians and the non-Christians on the other. For a number of years this condition of animosity became more and more accentuated. The local officials are very severely criticised for not taking measures to secure peace, and it is said that “no mercy whatever can be extended to them.” The rising first took place in Chao-yang-ksien, but attained its greatest extent in Ping-chuan-chow and Chien-chang-ksien. The Mongol population suffered most, but a missionary station was burned down and some native Christians were murdered. These outrages against Christians were committed by native religious sects. Crowds flocked to the standard of these sects and the émeute assumed the proportions of a local rebellion against public authority. It having been stated as an excuse for the outrages against the Christians that many corpses of children had been found in the cellars of the mission buildings without eyes or hearts, this matter was fully investigated. It has been proved that the report of the magistrate to this effect is absolutely false, and he is severely censured for making such a misstatement. It will be seen that the inclosed decree follows substantially the report of the Viceroy Li. The officials through whose negligence the riots took place have been cashiered and banished. The rebellion is now extinct. It is said that 20,000 lives have been taken. No foreigner was injured.
I have, etc.,