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correspondence with the legation of the argentine republic at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Carranza to Mr. Blaine- 1892. May 12 Boundary dispute between the Argentine Republic and Brazil: incloses letter of President Pellegrini to the President of the United States, requesting him to accept the office of arbitrator under the treaty, (also inclosed.) 1
Mr. Foster to Mr. Carranza July 2 Same subject: Acceptance of the office of arbitrator by the President. Letter of the President to President Pellegrini inclosed. 3

austria-hungary.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
218 Mr. Chew to Mr. Blaine. 1891. Dec. 23 Passport application of Mr. Rudolph G. W. Lippitt, born in Vienna of a native citizen, but who never resided in the United States since his arrival at majority, is referred to the Department of State for instructions. 5
179 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Grant 1892. Jan. 25 Same subject: The application should be denied unless intention of returning to the United States is satisfactorily shown. 6
284 Mr. Grant to Mr. Wharton July 1 Expulsion of naturalized citizens who have not performed military service in Austria: Reports the case of Leon Spitzer which is one of many of the same nature as calling for an assertion of the right of American citizens to protection. Incloses correspondence with the ministry of foreign affairs which takes the ground that the expulsion is not punishment for nonfulfillment of military service, but a measure of internal police sanctioned by the municipal law. 6
232 Mr. Foster to Mr. Grant July 23 Same subject: Leon Spitzer having been expelled without valid or explicit reasons, and being entitled to the benefits of the treaty so long as it remains unchanged, Mr. Grant’s protest submitted in No. 284 is approved. 13

brazil.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
164 Mr. Foster to Mr. Conger 1892. July 13 Cable between the United States and Santo Domingo was not allowed to land in the United States because the French Company applying for the privilege purposed to connect it with that existing between San Domingo and Brazil with monopolistic privileges, whereby any other cable between the United States and Brazil would be excluded. 1
301 Mr. Conger to Mr. Foster Aug. 17 Same subject: The views expressed in the above have been submitted to the Brazilian Government. 1
[Page XXXVIII]

correspondence with the brazilian legation at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Mendonça to Mr. Blaine 1892. May 9 Boundary dispute between Brazil and the Argentine Republic. Letter of President Peixoto requesting the President of the United States to act as arbitrator inclosed. 17
Mr. Foster to Mr. Mendonça July 2 Same subject: Reply of the President of the United States accepting the office of arbitrator inclosed. 18

central america.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
200 Mr. Mizner to Mr. Blaine 1890. Nov. 5 Claim of Henry R. Myers against Salvador for loss and damages inflicted to the consulate of the United States at San Salvador. Submits the amount claimed by Mr. Myers and requests instructions. 20
10 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Kimberly Dec. 29 Same subject: Requests further information on the action of the Government of Salvador in refusing Consul Myers a pass to leave the country and in preventing his communicating with the Government of the United States. 20
244 Mr. Kimberly to Mr. Blaine 1891. Jan. 31 Same subject: The records of the legation furnish no information except that contained in communications to the Department. 21
37 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Pacheco Mar. 2 Same subject: Directs him to carry out the instructions set forth in No. 10 above. 22
16 Mr. Pacheco to Mr. Blaine Mar. 30 Same subject: Reports the finding of papers in the case and his intention to act in the matter. 22
8 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Pacheco July 23 Same subject: Expresses the desire of presenting the claim without waiting for further information. 22
60 Mr. Pacheco to Mr. Blaine Sept. 2 Same subject: Reports that he has been unable to find further information in the records of the legation. 23
11 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Shannon Sept. 26 Same subject: Incloses correspondence exchanged with the legation of the United States in the case. 24
21 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Shannon Nov. 20 Same subject: Sets forth the reparations agreed to by the Government of Salvador, which have been partially complied with, and instructs him to present at once the claim for loss of personal and United States property, and for damages on account of personal injuries, according to estimates submitted by Mr. Myers. 24
45 Mr. Shannon to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 7 Same subject: Incloses his note presenting the claim as instructed and reply of the minister for foreign affairs acknowledging its receipt. 27
58 Same to same Jan. 30 Same subject: The minister for foreign affairs, while admitting that indemnity should be paid for property destroyed, contends that the amount should not be determined by the injured party and offers explanations or the interference with Mr. Myers’s official communications and free departure from the country. 30
44 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Shannon Feb. 15 Same subject: Acknowledges the receipt of No. 45, above. 33
53 Same to same Apr. 6 Same subject: Discusses the reply of the minister for foreign affairs submitted in No. 58, above; the amount of indemnity should not be determined by the local courts, owing to the official status of Mr. Myers, but by direct negotiations between the legation and the Salvadorean Government. Renews its protest against the interference with Mr. Myers’s official communications and movements. 34
127 Mr. Shannon to Mr. Wharton June 29 Same subject: The minister for foreign affairs contends that it is not within the power of the executive to recognize public debts, and proposes that the indemnity for loss of property be submitted to the tribunal of public credit and that for personal injuries to arbitration by a friendly government. 37
[Page XXXIX]128 Mr. Shannon to Mr. Wharton June 30 Treaty of amity, commerce, and consular privileges between the United States and Costa Rica: The Government of the latter country gives notice of its intention to arrest the operations of the treaty of 1870, and expresses its desire to renew it on more satisfactory terms. 43
143 Same to same July 11 Claim of Henry R. Myers against Salvador: The Government of Salvador requests a certified copy of the agreement concluded in 1890 between that Government and Lieut. Denfield, of the U.S. Navy. 44
81 Mr. Foster to Mr. Shannon July 27 Treaty between the United States and Costa Rica: Requests a suggestion of the terms for the new treaty referred to in No. 128 above. 45
220 Mr. Shannon to Mr. Foster Oct. 13 Right of asylum: Judgment of the criminal court of Rivas, Nicarauga, dismissing the case brought in 1885 against Capt. McCrae, of the American steamer Honduras, for sailing without permit after refusing to surrender Don José Dolores Gamez, a political refugee, embarked in Guatemala, on the ground that the demand of surrender was not justifiable. 45
111 Mr. Foster to Mr. Shannon Nov. 3 Claim of Henry R. Myers: The United States insists that it must have a voice in determining the amount due, and could only accept that recommended by the court if it is reasonable. The proposition of arbitration on the question of personal injuries is not justified by the requirements of the case. 49

chile

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
284 Mr. Egan to Mr. Blaine 1892. Mar. 24 Claims of United States citizens against Chile: Note to the minister for foreign affairs suggesting an investigation and settlement. 52
305 Same to same June 2 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore killed and injured at Valparaiso: Passage of the President of Chile’s message referring to the hope of amicable settlement. 52
311 Same to same June 13 Members of newly appointed cabinet 53
315 Same to same June 23 Claims of United States citizens: Favorable disposition of the now cabinet to consider them. 53
Same to same (telegram) June 23 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore: In view of the desire expressed by the Chilean Government for a prompt settlement, asks to be furnished with particulars. 54
316 Same to same June 26 Attacks on the legation by Messrs. Trumbull, of Valparaiso: Denies them severally, and, after referring to the antecedents of his accusers, ascribes their imputations to personal motives. 54
Mr. Foster to Mr. Egan (telegram) July 1 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore: Expresses the hope that it will be adequate, and requests information as to the views of the Chilean Government. 57
318 Mr. Egan to Mr. Foster July 2 Same subject: The minister of foreign affairs is willing to have it submitted to arbitration, together with other pending claims of United States citizens. 57
319 Same to same July 2 Imputations against the U. S. Navy officers in connection with the landing of Constitutional forces at Quinteros: On their being renewed by a Chilean newspaper, the attention of the Chilean Government has been called to the matter in an inclosed note. Statement of the late governor of Quillota in refutation of the imputations. 58
Mr. Foster to Mr. Egan (telegram) July 5 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore: Mr. Egan’s attention is called to the fact that this should not be included with the other claims to be submitted to arbitration. 61
320 Mr. Egan to Mr. Foster July 7 Imputations against the U. S. Navy officers: Reply of the minister for foreign affairs to the note referred to in No. 319. 61
Same to same (telegram) July 11 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore: Offer of $75,000 in gold by the Chilean Government. 62
Mr. Foster to Mr. Egan (telegram). July 12 Same subject: Mr. Egan is directed to accept the offer by exchange of notes. 62
[Page XL]326 Mr. Egan to Mr. Foster July 12 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore: Detailed account of the interviews and negotiations which resulted in the offer of $75,000. Friendly attitude of the Chilean Government commended. 62
215 Mr. Foster to Mr. Egan July 15 Same subject: Conveys appreciation of the language of President Monti, reported in No. 305. 63
331 Mr. Egan to Mr. Foster July 16 Same subject: Notes exchanged with the Chilean minister for foreign affairs, tendering and accepting the indemnity. 64
Mr. Foster to Mr. Egan (telegram). July 19 Claims convention: Authority to open negotiations. 65
Mr. Egan to Mr. Foster (telegram). July 27 Same subject: Chilean Government proposes to have one arbitrator named by each Government; differences, if any arise, to be decided by the Chief Justice of the United States. If the proposition is not acceptable, it would probably agree to have a third arbitrator named by the president of a European republic. 65
Mr. Foster to Mr. Egan (telegram). July 28 Same subject: Third arbitrator ought to be selected by mutual consent, if possible, or appointed by the President of Switzerland. 65
335 Mr. Egan to Mr. Foster Aug. 2 Same subject: Reports negotiations and agreement arrived at in conformity with the above telegram. 66
339 Same to same Aug. 13 Same subject: The claim of Patrick Shields, of the steamer Keweenaw, will be considered as included in those to be determined by arbitration. 66
344 Mr. McCreery to Mr. Foster Sept. 1 Indemnity to the sailors of the Baltimore: Notes inclosing and acknowledging letters of exchange for $75,000. 67

china.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1401 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine 1891. Oct. 10 Extradition by a consul, under treaty with other powers, of fugitives found on American vessels in extraterritorial countries: Submits his opinion that that right is not conferred by the United States Statutes and requests that the question be authoritatively settled. 69
1418 Same to same Nov. 10 Missionary troubles at Chi-nan-fu: Satisfactory settlement reported by Rev. Gilbert Reid. 70
1420 Same to same Nov. 14 Same subject: Note to the Tsung-li yamên appreciative of the assistance given by it in the matter. 71
1434 Same to same Nov. 28 Insurrection in Mongolia: First reports of an, by which Christian property and lives have been destroyed. 71
1437 Same to same Dec. 4 Same subject: The little information received shows the movement to be at once anti-Christian and political, the overthrow of the reigning dynasty being contemplated. No serious alarm felt in official circles and the foreign representatives are favoring the Government. 72
1438 Same to same Dec. 5 Missionary troubles at Chi-nan fu: The China Daily News account of the settlement announced in dispatch No. 1418. 74
680 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Denby Dec. 7 Extradition by a consul of fugitives in extraterritorial countries: The idea of formal conventional extradition should be eliminated, the power of issuing a warrant of surrender resting with the Secretary of State alone; but cases that may arise can be disposed of without resorting to the fiction of compliance with a treaty of extradition either under the authority of the master of the vessel or under the judiciary power of the consular court to turn the accused over to the court of competent jurisdiction. 75
1441 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine Dec. 8 Insurrection in Mongolia: Official report of victories gained by the government forces over the rebels. 76
1448 Same to same Dec. 22 Same subject: The movement, while having involved the death of many Christians, is believed to be entirely political. Official account of military operations inclosed. 77
[Page XLI]1449 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine. Dec. 28 Emperor of China’s life and habits: Particulars given. He has commenced learning the English language. 81
1451 Same to same Dec. 31 Insurrection in Mongolia: The French minister requests a joint protest against a proclamation of the Imperial general excusing crimes against Christians. Mr. Denby declines to be a party to it. 82
1453 Same to same 1892. Jan. 5 Same subject: Inability of the rebels to cope with the Imperial forces. 83
1454 Same to same Jan. 11 Same subject: The Tsung-li yamên has instituted an inquiry into the conduct of the general referred to in dispatch No. 1451. 83
697 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Denby Jan. 29 Same subject: Expression of the satisfaction felt at the suppression of the revolt. 84
1463 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine Jan. 30 Events in China during the year 1891: General review presented. 84
1464 Same to same Jan. 30 Insurrection in Mongolia: Decree meting out punishment of officials found guilty of neglect or misdemeanor, upon the inquiry referred to in dispatch No. 1454. 86
1470 Same to same Feb. 1 Same subject: Account of the rebellion by a Chinese priest, printed in the North China News. 87
701 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Denby Feb. 11 Missionary troubles at Chinanfu: Letter from the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church appreciative of Mr. Denby’s good offices. 89
1484 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine Mar. 5 Antiforeign publications: A copy of “A Complete Picture Gallery” is inclosed as showing the method of working popular prejudice. Such publications are not sufficiently restrained by the Chinese Government. 90
1485 Same to same Mar. 5 Riots against foreigners: Punishment of the rioters at Wuhu. 91
1490 Same to same Mar. 14 Antiforeign publications: Meeting of residents at Shanghai on the subject. It is believed that direct action by the foreign governments is necessary and that popular feeling is aroused as much by discontent with foreign intercourse as by religious motives. 92
1492 Same to same Mar. 21 Insurrection in Mongolia: Review of the incidents of the revolt now extinct. Decree inflicting punishment on officials guilty of neglect. 96
1495 Same to same Mar. 22 Likin (internal taxation) and its injurious effect upon foreign trade: Complaints of consuls at Canton against officers of the likin. The foreign representatives will demand the maintenance of the transit passes system to which the likin is antagonistic. 97
1496 Same to same Mar. 22 Discrimination against foreign shipping at Canton by a reduction of duties on goods carried in Chinese junks. The spirit of the treaty of 1880 is thereby violated. The British minister has protested and thinks the order will be rescinded. 99
1499 Same to same Mar. 29 Insurrection in Mongolia: Thanks of the Chinese. Government for the President’s congratulations. 100
1501 Same to same Mar. 29 Likin: Joint note protesting against the abuses of the system referred to in dispatch No. 1495. 100
1509 Same to same Apr. 5 Riot at Chik-Horn: A chapel of the American Presbyterian mission and the house of the native preacher looted by a mob. 101
1513 Same to same Apr. 10 Likin: The Chinese Government denies hostility on the part of the Canton authorities and asserts that transit passes are always granted to bonafide applicants, whether Chinese or foreigners. 102
1514 Same to same Apr. 12 Antiforeign publications at Hunan: Note to the tsung li yamên urging their suppression. 103
1515 Same to same Apr. 13 University of Peking: Establishment of the Christian, by the Methodist mission. 104
1516 Same to same Apr. 15 Antiforeign placards at Hukuang: Reply of the taotai of Hankow to the protest of the consuls, in which he states that the posting of anonymous placards is prohibited, and insists that foundlings should not be received by the missionaries. 105
725 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Denby. May 17 Chinese immigration: Treasury circular of May 7 accompanying the act to prohibit the coming of Chinese persons into the United States transmitted for Mr. Denby’s information. 106
[Page XLII]1534 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine May 18 Consular jurisdiction in China is, in his opinion, applicable to a subordinate officer of the consulate. Case of Deputy marshal Frame, who shot and killed George Lemon, an American citizen. The consul-general at Shanghai so advised. 113
1535 Same to same May 23 Antiforeign publications in Hunan: The taotai Chou Han has been degraded in consequence of his note given in dispatch No. 1514. 115
1537 Same to same May 18 Riots at Fukien. Newspaper’s report of the destruction of British missionary establishments. 115
1539 Same to same June 4 Antiforeign publications at Hunan. The offenders have been punished; the taotai Chou Han is partly exonerated on the plea of insanity. 117
1540 Same to same June 6 Missionary troubles at Chinanfu have been promptly and satisfactorilly adjusted. 118
1542 Same to same June 17 Chinese immigration. The tsung-li yamên requests Mr. Denby to ascertain whether the bill forbidding the immigration of Chinese has been approved by the President. 118
1544 Same to same June 20 Same subject: The tsung-li yamên has been notified by him that the bill has been approved and that a copy of the act will be communicated to it. 129
1546 Same to same June 28 Antiforeign publications in Hunan: Transmits the report and decree referred to in dispatch No. 1546; calls attention to the fact that the right to preach is therein recognized. 120
1553 Same to same July 5 Chinese immigration: The tsung-li yamên has been furnished with copies of the acts of 1892, 1882, 1881, and 1888. 123
736 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Denby July 7 Consular jurisdiction over a subordinate officer of the consulate: Mr. Denby’s opinion on the subject as expressed in his dispatch No. 1534 is approved. 123
737 Mr. Foster to Mr. Denby July 18 Passport application of Rev. John R. Hykes may be issued if the declaration is confined to a statement that his employment in China by an American society makes his return uncertain and the retention of domicile in the United States impracticable. Requirements in counties where citizens remain under the jurisdiction of the United States may be made less stringent. 124
1562 Mr. Denby to Mr. Wharton July 27 Antiforeign placards, translation of one, posted in the province of Hu-Nan. 125
1569 Mr. Denby to Mr. Foster Aug. 17 Chinese immigration: The tsung-li yamên’s criticism of the several sections of the act forbiding the, as conflicting with existing treaties, international law, and the Constitution of the United States; the Executive requested to take steps for its repeal; Mr. Denby’s defense of the act from a legal standpoint. 126
1584 Same to same Sept. 27 Memorial of the Chinese minister at Washington to the throne: Mr. Denby disputes points therein advanced as to the nonintervention of the United States minister in representations against China during the riots, and quotes the parts relating to the anti-Chinese policy of the United States without comment. 131
754 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Denby Oct. 18 Missionary troubles at Shensi: Incloses the report of the United States consul-general at Shanghai concerning the mutilation of European missionaries and native Christians. 133
1600 Mr. Denby to Mr. Foster Nov. 3 Chinese immigration: Report of an interview with Viceroy Li Hung Chang in which this question and that of the participation of China in the Columbian Exposition are discussed. 134
1607 Same to same Nov. 29 Same subject: The tsung-li yamên makes further representations against the act of 1892, based on the alleged violation of the most favored nation clause of the treaty of 1880, and renews its request for the repeal of the act. 136
765 Mr. Foster to Mr. Denby Dec. 12 Same subject: Correspondence with the Chinese legation on the subject transmitted for Mr. Denby’s information. 138
[Page XLIII]

correspondence with the chinese legation at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Tsui to Mr. Blaine 1891. Oct. 26 Molestations on Chinese by Treasury officials at Whidbey Island: Calls attention to certain, which have been reported to him by white residents of the island, whose letter he incloses. 138
Same to same Nov. 27 Immigration of merchants and other Chinese of the exempt class: The certificate agreed upon between the two governments having been ignored by the customs authorities of San Francisco in cases where fraud was suspected, he has received assurances that no fraud is permitted and asks that the certificates be hereafter recognized. 139
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Tsui Dec. 8 Molestations on Chinese at Whidbey Island: Incloses Treasury reports and letter of white residents denying statements of illegal arrests and other facts presented in the note of October 26, above. 140
Mr. Pung to Mr. Blaine 1892. Feb. 5 Outrages on Chinese at Butte City, Mont: Transmits the substance of a report received from the Chinese consul-general at San Francisco and requests the intervention of the Government. 142
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Pung Feb. 8 Same subject: The governor of Montana has been requested to investigate and the above note communicated to the Attorney-General. 143
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Tsui Mar. 4 Same subject: Incloses report of the governor of Montana and announces the punishment of one of the offenders. 143
Mr. Tsui to Mr. Blaine Mar. 22 Exclusion of Chinese: Requests a reply to various notes of the legation in relation to acts of the United States Congress forbidding the immigration of Chinese. 145
Antiforeign placards: Circular instructions of the Chinese Government to prohibit the posting of, and prescribing punishment for, the offense (left at the Department on March 24). 146
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Tsui Mar. 29 Same subject: Acknowledges the receipt of the above. 147
Mr. Tsui to Mr. Blaine Apr. 12 Chinese immigration: Argues that the bill forbidding the coming of Chinese to the United States violates every article of the treaty of 1880, made in accordance with the wishes of the Government of the United States. Incloses a statement of the collector of customs at San Francisco showing that departures of Chinese have largely exceeded arrivals in the last seven years. 147
Same to same Apr. 21 Same subject: Urges under telegraphic instructions from his Government that action be taken for the preservation of treaty rights. 149
Same to same May 5 Same subject: Adverts to the decision of the Supreme Court in the case of the “Scott” bill and to remarks of United States Senators, illustrates the hardship and injustice to Chinese created by the new bill, and expresses the belief that the President will not sanction a violation of treaties. 149
Same to same Nov. 7 Same subject: Renews arguments heretofore presented and presents a request that the views and intentions of the Government of the United States be communicated to him. 151
Same to same Nov. 11 Same subject: Incloses a copy of the note addressed by the tsung li yamen to the United States minister at Peking and requests a reply to this and his other notes on the same subject. 155
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Tsui Dec. 10 Same subject: Reply to notes of November 7 and 11. Allusion is made to the failure of the treaty of 1888 and to the restrictions imposed, and attacks made on Americans in China; the act of 1892 fills the place of expiring legislation and aims at continuing the existing condition of affairs and at permitting Chinese already in the United States to remain; its unconstitutionality, as alleged, can only be determined by the judiciary branch of the Government; the Executive can only endeavor to bring about some understanding based on the suspension of immigration. 158
[Page XLIV]

france.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
460 Mr. Reid to Mr. Blaine 1891. Dec. 11 Hog products: Removal of the prohibition of; reviews the negotiations carried on to secure it, and incloses the decree of removal. 162
477 Same to same 1892. Jan. 6 Washington’s relic: Presentation of a pair of eyeglasses to the United States by Count d’Assailly, a descendant of Lafayette. 164
391 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Reid Jan. 27 Same subject: Appreciation of the gift above referred to. 165
2 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Coolidge June 4 Liberia: Protectorate of France declared over territory belonging to. Adverting to the protection always accorded to Liberia by the United States, and her recognition as a sovereign state by the Berlin Conference, declares that such protectorate as will cover territory belonging to Liberia will not be recognized by the Government of the United States. 165
26 Mr. Coolidge to Mr. Foster July 22 Same subject: Incloses his note to the minister for foreign affairs in accordance with the instructions above. 168
65 Mr. Foster to Mr. Coolidge Aug. 18 Same subject: The minister of the United States at London has been instructed to send to him certain papers and maps relating to the matter. 168
77 Mr. Coolidge to Mr. Foster Nov. 12 Passport application of Mr. Maurice Hubbard: It has been renewed with no further indication of his intention to return than a statement by his guardian that he is endeavoring to secure a position in the United States. 168
119 Mr. Foster to Mr. Coolidge Dec. 9 Same subject: The passport may be issued for one year only, but not renewed if declared intention of return is not carried into effect; proof of citizenship can only be developed in correspondence which would take place in the event of the validity of the passport being disregarded. 169

correspondence with the french legation at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Desprez to Mr. Blaine 1891. Nov. 3 Protectorate over and annexation of territory belonging to Liberia: Gives notice of treaties with native kings recognizing the French, 170
Mr. Patenôtre to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 26 Same subject: Notification of additional treaties. 171
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Patenôtre. June 8 Same subject: Remarks that the territory above referred to belongs to Liberia and informs the French minister that an instruction on the subject has been sent to the United States minisister at Paris. 171
Mr. Patenôtre to Mr. Wharton. Jane 19 Insult to French flag at Jeannette, Pa., by a policeman named Thos. Spiers, who tore down from the window of a French resident two flags displayed on Decoration Day, and then threw them in the mud. Requests the dismissal of the policeman. 172
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Patenôtre. June 24 Same subject: The matter has been presented to the governor of Pennsylvania. 173
Mr. Foster to Mr. Patenôtre. July 13 Same subject: The reports transmitted by the governor of Pennsylvania show that no intention of insulting the flag existed even on the part of the policeman. The incident is nevertheless regretted, and request has been made for some punishment of the offender. 174
Same to same Aug. 16 Same subject: The punishment of Policeman Spiers is delayed by the fact that it can be inflicted only by the court of quarter sessions, which is not sitting at present. 175
Same to same. (Telegram) Aug. 26 Same subject: Announces the dismissal of Police Officer Spiers, who, being an elective officer, could not be summarily dismissed. 176
Mr. Desprez to Mr. Foster Sept. 27 Same subject: The satisfaction as accorded is appreciated by his Government. 176
[Page XLV]

germany.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
329 Mr. Elaine to Mr. Phelps 1891. Nov. 11 Military service of Charles E. Heintzman, a naturalized citizen, summoned to report for duty or suffer the penalty: Instructions to bring the matter to the attention of the German Government. 177
384 Mr. Coleman to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 26 Passport application of Mr. Julius C. Eversmann, born in the United States of a German father: He has never resided in the United States since he was 4 years old, and can not swear as to his intention of returning. The application has been denied, pending decision of the Department. 179
366 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Coleman Feb. 17 Same subject: The refusal of a passport is approved for stated reasons. 179
391 Mr. Coleman to Mr. Blaine Feb. 20 Military services of Charles E. Heintzman: The German Government claims that Heintzman is still under his German allegiance, the contention being that the treaties of 1868 do not apply to Alsace-Lorraine, but a petition for pardon would be considered. 180
391 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Phelps Apr. 6 Same subject: Petition of Heintzman above referred to is transmitted. 182
418 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Blaine Apr. 8 Passport application of Ludwig Henckel: Born in the United States, but taken abroad when but 1 year old by his father, who only declared his intention to become a citizen. The son declares it to be his intention to return to the United States. 184
404 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Phelps Apr. 18 Passport issued to Alexander Block by the legation: His long residence abroad and remote intention of return call for some explanations of the grounds on which it was granted. 184
405 Same to same Apr. 18 Patents sought by United States citizens in Germany: Directs him to make inquiries as to necessary steps to be taken for the protection of American inventors, who complain that their patents are of doubtful validity, by reason of a requisite publication in the Imperial Gazette being delayed. 185
409 Same to same Apr. 28 Same subject: The Patent Office advises that the above referred to publication be earnestly urged. 186
434 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Blaine Apr. 29 Passport issued to Alexander Block: It was granted on the ground that Block was not responsible for his being brought abroad while a minor, and subject to the condition that he would return to the United States before reaching majority. 188
435 Same to same Apr. 29 Patents sought by United States citizens in Germany: The German Government waits for the completion of negotiations at Washington before issuing the notice referred to in instructions No. 405. 189
412 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Phelps May 3 Passport application of Ludwig Henckel may be granted upon his taking the oath as to his intention to return to the United States; but he should be warned that the passport will not prejudice claims of the German Government to his allegiance. 189
420 Same to same May 19 Patents sought by United States citizens in Germany: Incloses correspondence exchanged with German legation regarding a patent and trademarks convention, and requests him to bring the counter propositions of the United States in the matter to the attention of the German Government. 190
421 Same to same May 19 Passport issued to Alexander Block: The explanations offered in dispatch No. 434 are satisfactory, but under the circumstances no protection could be extended to Mr. Block, if he was called to do military service in the event of his remaining in that country. 191
447 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Blaine May 22 Patents sought by United States citizens in Germany: Incloses notes exchanged with the foreign office pursuant to instructions No. 409. 191
433 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Phelps. June 10 Same subject: The statements of the German Government presented in dispatch No. 447 have already been met in instructions No. 420. 192
[Page XLVI]435 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Phelps. June 15 Patents: Quotes approvingly from a letter addressed to the Department by Messrs. Richards & Co., and directs him to impress upon the German Government the desirability of making the requisite publication. 193
460 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Wharton. June 30 Same subject: Incloses note requesting the requisite publication in the Imperial German Gazette. 194
477 Same to same Aug. 28 Same subject: The German Government contends that the facts do not justify the insertion in the Gazette of a notice recognizing that reciprocity is granted by the United States, and has instructed its minister at Washington as to its views in the matter. 194
465 Mr. Adee to Mr. Phelps Sept. 5 Same subject: Forwards further complaints from interested parties, and instructs him to inform the German Government that retaliatory legislation has already been considered and may be carried at the next session of Congress. 195
469 Mr. Foster to Mr. Phelps Sept. 14 Same subject: The Department awaits a communication from the German representative at Washington before replying to dispatch No. 477. 197
487 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Foster Sept. 22 Same subject: The German Government prefers to have the negotiations conducted in Washington. 197
478 Mr. Adee to Mr. Phelps Oct. 7 Same subject: Incloses for his information the note received from the German representative setting forth the reasons advanced by the German Government. Further action by Mr. Phelps is thereby estopped, but unless an agreement is concluded before the meeting of Congress in December, the Government of the United States will not submit to a denial of its citizens’ right. 197
496 Mr. Poster to Mr. Phelps Nov. 18 Liquor and arms traffic with natives of the Pacific islands: Explains the attitude of the United States Government in regard to the restrictions proposed by the British Government; the proposal will be concurred in under minor reservations. 198
510 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Foster Nov. 29 Military service case of John Haberacker: The said Haberacker deserted in March, 1891, and the Bavarian Government, while maintaining its position on the question, declines to further discuss this particular case. 199

correspondence with german legation at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. von Mumm to Mr. Blaine 1891. Nov. 3 Patents and trade-marks: Draft of convention proposed by the German Government for the reciprocal protection of, accompanied by the German laws bearing upon the matter. 200
Mr. Wharton to Mr. von Holleben. 1892. Mar. 10 Same subject: The agreement above referred to is accepted by the Department of the Interior, except Article 3, for which a substitute is offered. Report of the Pension Office on the question inclosed. 214
Mr. Ketteler to Mr. Foster Sept. 15 Same subject: With reference to the correspondence exchanged at Berlin on the matter, points to certain differences existing between the patent laws of both countries which make it impossible to grant reciprocity, as demanded, and hopes that pending agreement will be eventually concluded. 217
Same to same Oct. 21 Columbus Centennial: Congratulations of the Emperor of Germany to the President on the occasion of the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America. 219
Mr. Foster to Baron von Ketteler Oct. 21 Same subject: The President wishes to have the feelings of pleasure and gratification with which the above message was received conveyed to the Emperor. 219
[Page XLVII]

great britain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
475 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Blaine 1891. June 17 Copyright can be secured in Great Britain by first or contemporaneous publication in any part of the British Empire, without residence being made a condition. 220
477 Same to same June 20 Same subject: The note conveying the above information has been amended so as to avoid any question in regard to the words “British” and “English.” 221
488 Same to same July 3 Same subject: The British Government has boon advised that the proclamation of July 1 includes British subjects. 222
656 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Lincoln Dec. 19 Same subject: Refusal of Canada to grant protection to citizens of the United States, for reasons stated in a letter submitted by Messrs. Mun & Co., has been made the subject of a note to the British legation, and should be brought to the attention of the foreign office. 222
594 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 9 Same subject: The matter above referred to has been brought to the attention of the minister of foreign affairs, who promised to give it consideration 223
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Lincoln (telegram). Jan. 14 Death of the Duke of Clarence and Avondale: Condolences of the President. 224
595 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Blaine Jan. 15 Copyright: Refusal of Canada to grant protection to citizens of the United States. The secretary of state for the colonies has been requested to obtain a report from the Canadian government. 225
677 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Lincoln Jan. 22 Same subject: Course of Mr. Lincoln approved. 225
597 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Blaine Jan. 23 Death of the Duke of Clarence. Condolences of the President have been communicated to the foreign office. 225
604 Same to same Feb. 2 Same subject: Note of acknowledgment transmitted. 226
659 Same to same Apr. 29 Passport application of Sigmund Ehrenbacher, who was born in the United States, taken abroad when a minor, and can not determine date of his return to the United States. 226
754 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Lincoln May 12 Same subject: The passport might be issued for two years, not to be renewed unless definite intention to return is then established, if Mr. Ehrenbacher, who is not residing in the country of his paternal allegiance, can dispel or lessen the impression that he has no present intention to return. 227
761 Same to same May 20 Copyright: With reference to inquiries received from Australia, declares that the proclamation of July 1 applies to all British possessions, and again refers to the refusal of Canada to grant protection to citizens of the United States. 227
806 Mr. Foster to Mr. Lincoln July 12 Liberia: Protectorate established by Franco over part of her territory. Instructs him to make the attitude of the United States in the question known to the Government of Great Britain, which has expressed a desire to be informed on this point before taking action, and also to ascertain whether an alleged understanding between France and Great Britain as to the division of Liberia’s inland territory. 229
733 Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Foster. July 27 Passport denied to Theodore Rosenberg, bearer of one issued by the Department in 1890, but was found to have been born abroad of a father whose certificate of naturalization could not be produced. 230
735 Same to same Aug. 5 Liberia: Replying to Instructions No. 806, reports an interview with the minister of Liberia, who writes that a certain part of the inland territory under the sway of a native king at war with France would be annexed by France, with the assent of Great Britain, in the event of his being conquered. 231
833 Mr. Foster to Mr. Lincoln Aug, 10 Passport of Theodore Rosenberg: The records show that he was born abroad prior to his father’s naturalization, which would not confer citizenship unless he himself resided in the United States during minority; but if he actually intends to reside abroad, a passport should be refused under any circumstances. 233
840 Same to same Aug. 28 Liberia: A copy of dispatch No. 735 has been sent to the minister of the United States at Paris. 234
[Page XLVIII]906 Mr. Foster to Mr. Lincoln Oct. 6 Chinese immigration via Canadian Pacific Rail-road: Adverting to correspondence exchanged with the British legation on the subject, directs him to submit it to the foreign office and to inquire whether the declaration of the Canadian government that it does not charge itself with enforcing measures of restriction of other governments is to be taken as a declination to consider a treaty regulating the emigration of Chinese over the frontier. 234
801 Mr. White to Mr. Foster Oct. 19 Passport of Sigmund Ehrenbacher has been issued on his assurance that he was to open an office in New York. 235
815 Same to same Oct. 31 Chinese immigration via Canadian Pacific Rail-road: The matter has been submitted to the foreign office which has taken it into consideration. 236
951 Mr. Foster to Mr. White Nov. 5 Annexation of the Gilbert Islands by Great Britain: Adverting to the discourtesy shown to the United States consular representative at Butaritari, to the previous labors of Americans in the island, and to the protection of the United States solicited by the rulers, expresses the desire that the rights of United States citizens will be respected and the consular representative recognized. 237
838 Mr. White to Mr. Foster Nov. 16 Copyright, refusal of, to United States citizens in Canada: Reply of the foreign office asserting that a work simultaneously produced in the United States and Canada is entitled to copyright, and that remedy against refusal can be had in London under the English copyright act. 240
841 Same to same Nov. 21 Annexation of the Gilbert Islands by Great Britain: Note addressed to the foreign office in accordance with instructions No. 951. 241
970 Mr. Foster to Mr. White Nov. 21 Pago Pago Harbor: Rights of the United States, as established by the treaty of 1878 and affirmed by subsequent treaties between Samoa and Germany and Great Britain, are asserted, and, in view of a British expedition to the island, declares that the establishing of a station at Pago Pago would be regarded as an unfriendly act. 243
846 Mr. White to Mr. Foster Nov. 26 Annexation of the Gilbert Islands by Great Britain: The rights of United States citizens will be respected, and the complaints as to Capt. Davis’s acts considered. 246
852 Same to same Nov. 30 Pago Pago Harbor: Instructions No. 970 have been communicated to the foreign office. 246
988 Mr. Foster to Mr. White Dec. 7 Annexation of the Gilbert Islands: Transmits the complaint proffered by A. J. Kustel, of Butaritari, against Capt. Davis of arbitrary conduct towards him. 247
865 Mr. White to Mr. Foster Dec. 10 Same subject: Orders have been issued to recognize the United States consular agent. 249
869 Same to same Dec. 12 Same subject: Incloses note from the minister for foreign affairs as to the recognition of the United States representative on the islands. 249

correspondence with the british legation at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Wharton to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Oct. 10 Tolls on Canadian canals: Transmits a complaint of the Lake Carriers’ Association of Buffalo, as to discriminations against United States citizens, in violation of the treaty of 1871, and requests early consideration thereof. 250
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Wharton. Oct. 12 Same subject: The matter will be brought to the attention of the British Government. 254
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. Nov. 25 Chinese crew of a British vessel; Upon information received from Baltimore that they will be liable to arrest on landing, claims that, in accordance with United States jurisdiction, they are entitled to the privileges of British sailors. 255
[Page XLIX] Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. 1891. Nov. 25 Immigration act of 1891: Transmits a complaint from Boston as to hardship imposed by its interpretation there, and asks that passengers who are not allowed to land be taken in charge by the port authorities until the ship is ready to proceed on her return voyage. 255
Mr. Wharton to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Nov. 28 Chinese crew of a British vessel: The matter has been referred to the Treasury Department. 257
Mr. Blaine to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Nov. 30 Immigration act of 1891: The matter of the note from the legation, of November 25, has been referred to the Treasury Department. 257
Same to same Dec. 19 Copyright: Refusal of, in Canada, to United States citizens. Calls attention to the fact that, despite the assurances on which the President’s proclamation was founded, the government of Canada declines to grant to United States citizens the privileges accorded to British subjects under the international copyright act. Documents inclosed. 257
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. Dec. 22 Same subject: The above note has been forwarded to the Marquis of Salisbury and to the governor-general of Canada. 266
Same to same 1892. Jan. 5 Immigration (assisted) of John Gibbons and his family who have been ordered to be returned: Explains that Gibbons is an army pensioner and can not be considered as a pauper, and asks that the order be suspended. 266
Mr. Blaine to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Jan. 7 Same subject: Orders have been issued to detain Gibbons for further investigation. 267
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. Jan. 8 Same subject: Furnishes particulars as to the circumstances of Gibbons and the mode of commuting pension under which he was advanced the amount of his passage. 267
Same to same Jan. 14 Death of the Duke of Clarence and Avondale announced. 268
Mr. Blaine to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Jan. 14 Same subject: Expressions of sympathy 268
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. Jan. 19 Immigration assisted of John Gibbons: Wishes to be informed of the decision reached in the case. 268
Mr. Blaine to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Jan. 22 Same subject: The order to have Gibbons and his family returned to Great Britain has been rescinded by the Treasury Department, which, however, desires it to be understood that its action shall not be taken as establishing a precedent in similar cases for the future. 269
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. Jan. 28 Same subject: Thanks expressed for the above decision. 271
Same to same Jan. 29 Immigration act of 1891: Recalls the matter presented in his note of November 25. 271
Same to same Mar. 8 Immigration, assisted, of John Gibbons: Incloses statement from the War Office as to requirements to be met by commuted army pensioners before they are allowed to emigrate. 272
Mr. Wharton to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Mar. 17 Tolls on Canadian. Canals: Pacts and figures furnished by the Lake Carriers’ Association relating to discriminations against United States citizens. 272
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Wharton. Mar. 21 Same subject: The above note has been transmitted to the governor-general of Canada. 273
Mr. Blaine to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Apr. 15 Immigration act of 1891: The Treasury Department is having under consideration the subject matter of the legation’s note of November 25, and submits a report of the United States immigration Commissioner at Boston. 274
Same to same May 2 Immigration, assisted: With reference to the legation’s note of March 8, the Treasury Department states that no discrimination will be made against commuted pensioners as such, but that the law will be applied to them when they come within the purview of the act. 276
Same to same May 23 Wrecking privileges in conterminous waters: Requests a copy of the act said to have been passed by the Canadian Parliament. 277
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Blaine. June 1 Tolls on Canadian Canals: Announces the departure of Messrs. Bowell and Foster for Washington, with a view to discuss the question of alleged discriminations against United States citizens. 277
[Page L] Memorandum of interview June 18 Same subject: The reply of the Canadian Government has been received by the legation and will be communicated upon receipt of instructions from the minister of foreign affairs. It proposes the abolition of the rebates on condition that the free and equal use of the Sault Ste. Marie Canal will be maintained and article 30 of the treaty of Washington restored. 278
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Wharton June 24 Same subject: The Canadian Government disputes the facts and figures advanced by the Lake Carriers’ Association, and denies any discrimination in violation of treaty as alleged, and formally makes the proposition as indicated in the above memorandum. 278
Memorandum by Mr. Adee. June 28 Same subject: Refutation of the Canadian Government’s reply, in which the various discriminations complained of are pointed out, and discussion of the treaty of Washington as relating to the proposed compromise. 282
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert June 30 Same subject: Acknowledges note of June 24 287
Same to same July 2 Same subject: The papers relating to the subject have been submitted to Congress by the President. 287
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster July 4 Liquor and arms trade in the Pacific islands: Submits the draft of an international agreement prohibiting the same. 287
Same to same July 5 Wrecking privileges in conterminous waters: Incloses the act passed by the Canadian Parliament extending certain rights to United States wreckers in Canadian waters. 289
Mr. Adee to Mr. Herbert July 6 Same subject: Incloses the act of Congress on the same subject, and asks whether the Canadian act includes the canals and waters therein mentioned so far as they lie in Canadian territory. 291
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert July 9 Same subject: Repeats the request presented above, and suggests that the proclamations of the President and of the governer-general of Canada be issued simultaneously at an early date. 292
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster July 16 Tolls on Canadian canals: Incloses amended order in council by which the word Canadian in the clause extending rebates to shipments from Lake Ontario ports is stricken out explains that it was originally inserted by error; incloses also the order of April, 1891, showing that the clause in question did not appear for the first time in the order of 1892, as stated in the memorandum. 292
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert July 19 Same subject: The above note will be submitted to the President. 294
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster July 23 Wrecking privileges in conterminous waters: The Canadian Government holds that vessels and goods salved by American vessels may be taken through the Canadian canals, but that salvage operations by such vessels can not be authorized in those canals which are not waters contiguous to the United States. 294
Same to same July 23 Same subject: As wrecks in the above-mentioned canals are not likely to occur, it is hoped that the views of the Canadian Government will be found satisfactory. 295
Memorandum of interview Aug. 1 Tolls on Canadian canal: The proclamation of the President establishing tolls on the Sault Ste. Marie Canal should be issued without delay unless assurance is received that the discriminations will be promptly discontinued. The British chargé requests and is granted a delay of ten days. 295
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert Aug. 2: Wrecking privileges in conterminous waters: Contends that canals, whilst they may be wholly within the territory of either country, are but parts of the system of contiguous waterways, and declares that the act of Congress can be consummated by the President’s proclamation only upon the assurance that the privilege shall apply to such canals. 295
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster Aug. 6 Same subject: A decision in the matter is necessarily delayed by the absence of members of the Canadian cabinet. 296
[Page LI] Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert Aug. 10 Chinese immigration via the Canadian Pacific Railroad: Requests an investigation of reports that the company is under contract for the transportation of Chinese to the United States, and refers to the failure of the Canadian Government to respond to overtures for a treaty providing for the prevention of Chinese immigration from the Dominion of Canada. 297
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster Aug. 10 Same subject: The above communication has been transmitted to the governor-general of Canada. 298
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 16 Tolls on Canadian canals: Announces that rebates will be abolished at the end of the present season, immediate change being impossible owing to contracts. 298
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert (telegram). Aug. 18 Same subject: Asks when Mr. Herbert or a note may be expected. 298
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster (telegram). Aug. 18 Same subject: He has telegraphed to inquire when communication may be expected. 298
Same to same Aug. 18 Same subject: Asks when and where he may call on the Secretary of State in the event of the communication reaching him on the following day. 299
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 19 Same subject: Asks if he can call at the Department early on the following day. 299
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert (telegram). Aug. 19 Same subject: Mr. Herbert may call at any time in the morning. 299
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 19 Same subject: If, as reported, the discriminations are to continue until the end of the season, the President will establish tolls, to run concurrently. 299
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster (telegram). Aug. 20 Same subject: Asks if he can see the Secretary on to-morrow or next day, he being unavoidably delayed in New York. 300
Same to same Aug. 20 Same subject: The Canadian Government unable to discontinue rebates until the end of the season; will do so then, but would not consider the promise binding if tolls are established on the Sault Ste. Marie Canal in the meanwhile. 300
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 20 Same subject: Communication will be made on the 22d instant. 301
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert Aug. 24 Same subject: The proclamation of the President issued on the 20th establishing tolls on the Sault Ste. Marie Canal was delayed for one week after knowledge was had of the intention to continue the discriminations until the end of the season; this was done in a conciliatory spirit, notwithstanding the mandatory character of the unanimous resolution of Congress; the tolls apply to that canal alone, and will be removed simultaneously with the discontinuance of the discriminations. Adverts to numerous fruitless representations in the past, to the vagueness of the declared present intention of the Canadian Government, and to the contrast between the action of the United States Government and that of Canada in meeting friendly requirements. 301
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Adee Aug. 26 Wrecking privileges: American tugs can tow American barges through Canadian canals, but are not allowed to pull a tug “off,” which would constitute a wrecking operation. Requests statistical information regarding traffic through the Sault Ste. Marie Canal. 304
Mr. Adee to Mr. Herbert Aug. 29 Same subject: Expresses the fear that the interpretation above given will not be acceptable. 305
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster Sept. 1 Same subject: Incloses the order in council embodying the views presented in the legation’s note of July 23. 305
Mr. Adee to Mr. Herbert Sept. 2 Tolls on Canadian canals: Transmits such statistics as are available relating to the Sault Ste. Marie Canal. 306
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert Sept. 6 Wrecking privileges: The President is not prepared to accept the interpretation given to wrecking operations in the order in council inclosed in the legation’s note of September 1. 307
Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster Sept. 7 Same subject: The Canadian government do not feel authorized to give the assurance that the privilege will apply to Canadian canals without the sanction of Parliament. 307
Mr. Adee to Mr. Herbert Sept. 12 Same subject: Regrets the inability of the government of Canada to give the required assurance. 308
[Page LII] Mr. Herbert to Mr. Foster Sept. 29 Chinese immigration via the Canadian Pacific Railroad: The Canadian government absolutely denies the allegations presented in the Department’s note of August 10, and while disposed to the utmost friendliness can not charge itself with enforcing measures adopted by a foreign government. 309
Same to same Oct. 2 Same subject: The vice-president of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company emphatically denies the allegations brought against the company, furnishing particulars and statistics. 310
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert Oct. 3 Same subject: The denial of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company is gratifying and was anticipated by further information received on the subject; exception is taken to the language of the minutes of the privy council; the inaction of the Canadian government in regard to the proposed treaty forbidding the immigration of Chinese over the border is regretted; It afforded a basis for the complaint of indifference on the part of Canada; contrast between the attitude of the two governments. 316
Same to same Oct. 4 Fisheries in contiguous waters: Submits a proposition to reach an agreement by exchange of notes with a view to their protection. 317
Same to same Oct. 4 Chinese immigration via the Canadian Pacific Railroad: Acknowledgment of the legation’s note of October 2. 320
Mr. Foster to Mr. Herbert Oct. 11 Liquor and arms traffic in the Pacific Islands: The United States Government acquiesces in the general principle of protecting the natives against the evil results of the trade; states the attitude of the United States in the question, presents certain objections to some of the provisions presented, and remarking that the matter is subject to the action of Congress, wishes to be informed of the views expressed by other governments. 320
Sir Julian Panncefote to Mr. Foster Nov. 15 Chinese immigration from Canada: Deprecates the imputation of indifference in the consideration of the treaty proposed by the the United States; the question is beset with great difficulties and will again be pressed on the attention of the Canadian government. 322
Mr. Foster to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Dec. 1 Same subject: The assurances contained in the above note are received with pleasure, but the imputation was justified by the failure of the Canadian government for two years to respond to the proposals for an agreement. 324
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Foster. Dec. 5 Fisheries in contiguous waters: The proposals for their protection presented in the Department’s note of October 4 are acceptable to the Canadian government. 324
Mr. Foster to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Dec. 6 Same subject: Acknowledges the above as completing the proposed agreement on the strength of which Mr. Rathbun has been appointed representative of the United States for the purposes of the stipulated joint investigation. 326
Sir Julian Pauncefote to Mr. Foster. Dec. 10 Tolls on Canadian canals: Incloses minutes of the privy council embodying a memorandum of the department of railway and canals in which the points made in the Department’s note of August 24 are severally and specifically disputed, and the hope expressed that the proposal of Canada may still be accepted. 327
Same to same Dec. 14 Wrecking privileges in conterminous waters: Regulations proposed by the Canadian government concerning their use by United States wrecking vessels in the Welland Canal. 331
Mr. Foster to Sir Julian Pauncefote. Dec. 28 Same subject: Objections are presented to certain restrictions involved by the proposed regulations; submits as the simplest and most acceptable solution that the Canadian wrecking act be extended to the Welland Canal. 333
Same to same Dec. 31 Tolls on Canadian canals: Refutation of the points advanced by the Canadian government in the legation’s note of December 10, as to the President’s proclamation being issued after receipt of its proposition, as to Canadian vessels being refused the use of canals in the State of New York, and as to the results reached in the [Page LIII]February conference. The proposition, as presented, is inadmissible, and rights conferred upon United States citizens by treaty can not be purchased by concessions which the same treaty does not call for. 335

greece.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
7 Mr. Beale to Mr. Foster 1892. Nov. 17 Cholera in. Persia: The exertions of Vice-Consul Fox and of the American missionaries to relieve the sufferers have restored faith in foreigners and enhanced American prestige. 341

hawaii.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
33 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Stevens 1891. Nov. 27 Death of the Hawaiian minister, H. A. P. Carter: Condolences of and marks of respect paid by the Government of the United States. 342
44 Mr. Stevens to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 25 Chinese employed on American vessels: The fee or fine of $25 collected in each case has been abandoned on the representations of the legation; but the question of the right of the master to discharge such Chinese without giving the bond required by the law of Hawaii is opened to doubt. 342
38 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Stevens Feb. 25 Same subject: Expresses the opinion that no objection can be made to the regulation preventing the discharge of Chinese seamen in Hawaii, basing it on the prevalent practice in the United States. 343

correspondence with the legation of the hawaiian islands at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Carter to Mr. Blaine 1891. Nov. 1 Death of his father, H. A. P. Carter, minister of the Hawaiian Islands, and appointment of Mr. J. Mott Smith as special envoy announced. 345
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Carter Nov. 3 Same subject: Conveys the President’s condolences and his own; the funeral will be attended by the chief clerk of the Department. 345
Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Dec. 5 Same subject: Appreciation of the courtesies tendered at the funeral. 346
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Smith Dec. 9 Same subject: Acknowledges the above. 346

haiti.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
36 Mr. Durham to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 7 Asylum at the private residence of the minister has been asked by two political refugees. 347
29 Mr. Blame to Mr. Durham Jan. 28 Same subject: The practice of granting asylum has been repeatedly discountenanced by the Department, and the minister should abstain from action which might bear the appearance of inviting asylum. 347
47 Mr. Durham to Mr. Blaine Feb. 11 Same subject: The application of the two refugees had already been declined; they were afterwards granted asylum at the French legation 348
[Page LIV]

correspondence with the italian legation at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Foster to Baron Fava 1892. July 1 Discovery of America, four hundreth anniversary of the: The celebration at New York is under the direction of the State and municipal authorities. The Executive will take action on the naval review to be held at New York when appropriation is made therefor. 349
Same to same July 18 Same subject: The Navy Department will tender a cordial welcome to the Italian war vessel that may be sent to New York on the occasion. 349
Baron Fava to Mr. Foster July 21 Same subject: The war vessel Bausan will be sent to New York. 350
The President to King Humbert (telegram). July 21 Same subject: Acknowledges the sending of the Bausan as a gratifying tribute to the friendship of Italy and the United States. 350
Mr. Foster to Baron Fava July 21 Same subject: Incloses a copy of the above and expresses gratification at the episode. 350
King Humbert to the President (telegram). July 23 Same subject: Expresses thanks for having received, as it was meant, the sending of the Bausan as a manifestation of friendship. 351
Baron Fava to Mr. Foster July 24 Same subject: Transmits the above and conveys the friendly sentiments of the Italian Government. 351
Same to same July 30 Same subject: Invitation to the United States Navy to participate in the celebration to be held at Genoa. 351
Same to same Aug. 6 Statue of Columbus presented by Italian Americans to the city of New York will be brought on the Italian transport ship Garigliano. Free entry is requested. 351
Same to same Aug. 6 Discovery of America: Celebration of the four hundredth anniversary at Genoa. The King of Italy will arrive in Genoa on the 7th or 8th of September. His Government has been informed of the attendance of the United States ships Newark and Bennington. 352
Same to same Aug. 9 Same subject: His Government directs him to express the gratification of the King at the presence of the United States ships at Genoa. 352
Mr. Foster to Baron Fava Aug. 10 Same subject: Rear-Admiral Benham has been instructed to proceed to Genoa with his flagship, the Newark, and the Bennington. 353
Mr. Adee to Baron Fava Aug. 15 Same subject: Acknowledges Baron Fava’s note of August 9. 353
Mr. Foster to Baron Fava Aug. 17 Statue of Columbus will be admitted free of duty and all due courtesies extended to the Garigliano, her officers and crew. 354
Baron Fava to Mr. Foster Oct. 23 The flag of the United States saluted with twenty-one guns at La Spezia. 354
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Fava Oct. 25 Same subject: The courteous action of the Italian Government is duly appreciated. 354

persia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
26 Mr. Beale to Mr. Blaine 1891. Dec. 5 Real estate in Persia: The right of American citizens to hold property in their own name, which, previously to his arrival, they could not do under the Persian law, has been secured. 355
28 Same to same Dec. 25 Same subject: Resolutions of thanks for his action, as above reported, adopted by the Presbyterian Board of Missions. 355
30 Same to same 1892. Jan. 11 Disturbances arising from the refusal of a mollah (priest) to obey the order of the Shah and declare in the mosque that tobacco was no longer unclean, the internal monopoly of the foreign company having been abolished. The Shah orders the banishment of the mollah, but after a serious riot granted indemnity to the families of the rioters killed, amnesty to the others, and absolute abolition of the tobacco monopoly. 356
[Page LV]

portugal.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
48 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Batcheller 1891. Dec. 14 Cannon of the privateer General Armstrong, known as “Long Tom:” At the instance of the son of Capt. Samuel C. Reid, expresses the wish that the Government of Portugal present it to the United States. 358
65 Mr. Batcheller to Mr. Blaine 1892. Feb. 25 Same subject: The Portuguese Government readily assent to have “Long Tom” delivered to any person whom ho may designate. 359
63 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Batcheller Apr. 1 Same subject: A war vessel of the United States will be sent to Fayal to receive the cannon. 359
79 Mr. Batcheller to Mr. Blaine May 27 Same subject: Reports arrangements made and formalities observed for the delivery of the cannon. 360
71 Mr. Adee to Mr. Batcheller June 16 Same subject: The Navy Department has been informed of the delivery above reported. 361

russia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
132 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine 1891. Dec. 8 Famine in Russia: Committee charged with general direction of work of relief for famine sufferers in the provinces organized. 362
124 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Smith Dec. 23 Same subject: Acknowledges with approval Mr. Smith’s No. 132. 362
136 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Dee. 24 Attitude of Russian Government respecting the Hebrews of the Empire: Project of the Jewish Colonization Association. Translation of memorandum read to minister of foreign affairs. 363
141 Same to same 1892. Jan. 6 Famine in Russia: Informs Department of receipt of telegram from governor of Minnesota that Minnesota and the Northwest are preparing to donate a cargo of bread stuffs for famine-stricken people of Russia. Incloses translation of note from ministry of foreign affairs. 364
142 Same to same Jan. 11 Same subject: Gives résumé of the situation, showing extent of affected districts. 368
130 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Smith Jan. 25 Same subject: Acknowledges receipt of Mr. Smith’s No. 141. regarding the acceptableness of American assistance. 369
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 18 Same subject: American steamship Indiana, laden with flour donated by citizens of Philadelphia, will sail February 22. Asks that American consul coöperate with agent. 369
151 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Feb. 25 Same subject: Acknowledges telegram of February 18. 369
152 Same to same Feb. 26 Same subject: Arrangements made for unloading of vessel and distribution of cargo. 370
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Smith (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject: Regarding distribution of funds. 371
156 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Mar. 12 Same subject: Acknowledges Mr. Blaine’s No. 130, a copy of which he has submitted informally to minister of foreign affairs. 371
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Smith (telgram). Mar. 4 Same subject: Indiana consigned R. W. Sargent, her captain; gives cargo. 372
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Smith (telegram). Mar. 14 Same subject: Missouri consigned Libau; gives cargo. 372
143 Same to same Mar. 14 Same subject: Incloses copy of letter from commissioners representing States of Minnesota and Nebraska. 372
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 17 Same subject: Authorizes him to draw for $995.34 and directs distribution. 372
146 Same to same Mar. 17 Same subject: Incloses copies of two letters from Charleston, S. C., covering checks. First from the News and Courier and second from Merchants’ Exchange. 373
147 Same to same Mar. 17 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Smith’s No. 156 and approves action. 373
159 Mr. Smith to Mr. Wharton Mar. 19 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of telegram authorizing him to draw $995.34. 374
160 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Mar. 23 Same subject: Reports arrival of steamship Indiana laden with flour and provisions, and gives detailed account of reception of American offering and transfer to Russian hands. 375
[Page LVI]161 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Mar. 24 Famine in Russia: Audience with grand duke, in which he expresses appreciation of the government and people of Russia. 376
164 Same to same Apr. 1 Same subject: Audience with the Emperor who is much touched by the interest and kindness the people of the United States are showing in sending supplies to famine sufferers. 377
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Smith (telegram). Apr. 2 Same subject: Draw for $1,279.95 and distribute as per telegram 18th. 378
165 Mr. Smith to Mr. Blaine Apr. 4 Same subject: Presentation by the Emperor to Capt. R. W. Sargent, commander of steamship Indiana, of goblet. Goblet will be forwarded to Department of State. Requests that on receipt it be sent to mayor of Philadelphia, to be delivered by him to Capt. Sargent. 378
168 Same to same Apr. 9 Same subject: Reports arrival of the steamer Missouri and distribution of cargo. 379
170 Same to same Apr. 12 Emigration of Jews from Russia. 379
171 Same to same Apr. 16 Famine in Russia: Submits report of moneys and supplies distributed. 380
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Wurts (telegram). Apr. 29 Same subject. Sailing of Conemaugh from Philadelphia for Riga. 383
163 Same to same Apr. 29 Same subject. Inclosed copy of letter from mayor of Philadelphia concerning shipment by the Conemaugh. 383
167 Same to same May 7 Same subject. Incloses check from mayor of Norfolk, Va., for $167.49 and directs distribution of proceeds. 383
183 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Blaine May 16 Same subject. Ukase published by Official Gazette authorizing free exportation of maize both by sea and by the western continental, also of the stock of oats in store at Archangel, Libau, Reval, and Riga. 384
171 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Wurts May 17 Same subject. Manager of the News and Courier of Charleston, S. C., has forwarded to Department the sum of $615.33, additional contributions received by that newspaper. 383
187 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Blame May 19 Same subject. Reports arrival of Conemaugh at Riga on 13th instant and disposition of cargo. 385
191 Same to same May 25 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of instructions to draw on Secretary of State for $167.49, received from the mayor of Norfolk, Va. Has drawn the above sum and will distribute same, as directed. Encloses translation of a report of Count Tolstoï’s relief work, published in a Russian newspaper The News. 385
178 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Wurts May 31 Same subject. Gives authority for Mr. Wurts to draw for $11.51 collected by public schools of Florence, S. C. 386
201 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Wharton. June 16 Emigration of Hebrews from Russia. Encloses translation of law adopted by Imperial Government regarding same. 387
201 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Foster. June 21 Famine in Russia, Arrival of the Tynehead and distribution of cargo reported. 390
223 Same to same July 20 Same subject. Arrival of steamer Leo with 3,000,000 pounds grain and distribution of cargo. 391
221 Same to same July 23 Russian emigration to America. Transmits copy and translation of article from Journal de St. Pétersbourg, relating to. 392

spain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
217 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Strobe 1887. Sept. 2 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands. Incloses correspondence reporting the unfriendly action of Spanish authorities in the case of the missionaries at Ponape, the arrest and imprisonment of Dr. Doane; instructs chargé to ascertain facts, and asks that the missionaries should be restored to their former position and that due indemnity should be paid for damage done by the local authorities to their persons and property. 394
218 Same to same Sept. 5 Same subject. Incloses further correspondence in regard to the treatment of Mr. Doane. 400
[Page LVII]247 Mr. Strobe to Mr. Bayard 1887. Sept. 19 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Incloses copy of his note presenting the case to the Spanish foreign office. 404
250 Same to same Sept. 30 Same subject. Reports an interview with minister of state; his friendly assurances; reported insurrection of the natives; Spanish press condemns treatment of missionaries. 406
231 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Curry Oct. 29 Same subject. Incloses further correspondence in regard to the arrest of Dr. Doane. Expediency of the establishment of a United States consular agency at Ponape is being considered 407
233 Same to same Nov. 4 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Strobel’s No. 250. Mr. Moret’s declarations received with satisfaction. 409
235 Same to same Nov. 14 Revolt of natives at Ponape: Incloses correspondence in regard to same; an American naval vessel has been sent there. 409
280 Mr. Curry to Mr. Bayard Nov. 22 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Incloses copy of letter of Spanish minister of state. The latter admits the action taken against Dr. Doane was improper; requests delay as to indemnity until local tribunals have decided on Dr. Doane’s case; property of the mission is to be respected and gospel may be freely propagated. 410
238 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Curry Nov. 25 Revolt of natives at Ponape: Incloses further correspondence in regard to same. 411
249 Same to same Dec. 23 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Incloses further correspondence relative to Dr. Doane’s case; United States can not assume to require Spanish Government to accord to American missionaries the privileges enjoyed by missionaries and other foreigners under special treaties and the principles of extraterritorial law in China, Turkey, and other non-Christian countries. 413
263 Same to same 1888. Jan. 30 Same subject: Incloses correspondence showing condition of affairs at Ponape. 414
267 Same to same Feb. 11 Same subject: Incloses correspondence relative to relations between Spanish authorities and missionaries at Ponape. 419
324 Same to same Sept. 30 Same subject: Refers to Mr. Curry’s No. 280, and incloses correspondence in regard to indemnity due Dr. Doane and the mission; instructs charge to call the attention of the Spanish Government to that question. 420
356 Mr. Strobe to Mr. Bayard Oct. 4 Same subject: Has carried out instructions of Department’s No. 324. 421
326 Mr. Rives to Mr. Strobe Oct. 10 Same subject: Incloses further correspondence and instructs him to press for indemnity. 421
6 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Belmont Dec. 20 Same subject: Incloses correspondence relative to action of Spanish authorities at Ponape in with-holding Mr. Doane’s land titles; asks for their restoration. 422
388 Mr. Strobel to Mr. Bayard 1889. Jan. 18 Same subject: Incloses copy of his note carrying out instructions of Department’s No. 6. 423
37 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Palmer Nov. 25 Same subject: Instructs him to press for indemnity; incloses correspondence showing that Mr. Doane is threatened with the loss of his lands; refers to correspondence with Spanish legation at Washington in 1886, in which security and protection to missionary interests in Caroline Islands were guarantied. 424
35 Mr. Palmer to Mr. Blaine Dec. 16 Same subject: Has carried out instructions of Department’s No. 37. Incloses copies of two notes to Spanish foreign office—one on subject of indemnity and one in regard to Mr. Doane’s land. 427
47 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Strobel 1890. Jan. 7 Same subject: Approves action reported in Mr. Palmer’s No. 35. 429
50 Mr. Palmer to Mr. Blaine Feb. 8 Same subject: Incloses copy of a note from Spanish foreign office accompanied by a report as to the damage suffered by Mr. Doane, both to the effect that Mr. Doane suffered no loss and was therefore not entitled to indemnity. 429
63 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Palmer Mar. 1 Same subject: Copy of inclosures in Mr. Palmer’s No. 50 sent to American board of commissioners of foreign missions. 432
[Page LVIII]72 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Palmer Mar. 13 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Incloses copy of a further letter from American Board of Foreign Missions; hinkst Mr. Doane is entitled to indemnity for the loss of his personal liberty; suspends judgment for the present as to his loss of property. 433
134 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Newberry Oct. 20 United States consul at Ponape: Incloses commission of H. L. Rand, and instructs him to apply for exequatur. 434
141 Same to same Nov. 4 Missionary trouble in Caroline Islands: Incloses correspondence to show the efforts of the missionaries to improve the relations between the natives and Spanish authorities. 435
145 Same to same Nov. 12 Same subject: Incloses further correspondence for same purpose. 436
205 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Blaine Nov. 26 Same subject: Acknowledges Department’s Nos. 141 and 145, and incloses copies of his notes to Spanish foreign office carrying out his instructions. 440
7 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Grubb Dec. 10 Same subject: Acknowledges receipt of Mr. Newberry’s No. 205. 441
214 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Blaine Dec. 13 Same subject: Incloses reply of Spanish foreign office to his note of Nov. 26, protesting against the occupation of American missionary property by Spanish authorities at Ponape without compensation. Foreign office has referred the matter to the colonial office for investigation. 442
135 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Newberry. 1891. Oct. 6 Same subject: Incloses further correspondence and reviews the whole case. Instructs him to make known the sense of the instructions to the Spanish Government; that Spain will be expected to make good the losses of the missionaries and to return them to their abodes, allowing them the exercise of their privileges. 442
138 Same to same Oct. 12 Same subject: Incloses further correspondence to show the amount of money expended by the board of missions since the establishment of missions in the Caroline Islands. 485
152 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Blaine. Oct. 30 United States consul at Ponape: Refusal of Spanish Government to grant exequatur for same. Incloses correspondence. 488
157 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Blaine. Nov. 7 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Has carried out instructions of Department’s No. 135. 489
149 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Grubb Nov. 14 United States consul at Ponape: Acknowledges receipt of Mr. Newberry’s No. 152. 489
190 Mr. Grubb to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 16 Missionary trouble in Caroline Islands: Incloses copy of a note from Spanish foreign office replying to the representations made by the United States on the subject. 481
210 Same to same Feb. 13 Prohibition of American pork: Reports an interview with the minister of state on the subject of the removal of same. 491
193 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Grubb Mar. 14 Same subject: Acknowledges Mr. Grubb’s No. 210, and commends his action. 49
198 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Grubb Mar. 24 Missionary troubles in Caroline Islands: Reestablishment of the mission at Ponape. Aside from the arguments advanced to disclaim the responsibility of the Spanish Government for the destruction of the mission property at Ponape, the purport of the Duke of Tetuan’s note seems to be that the reëstablishment of the mission will be permitted, and that the question of the personal indemnification of Mr. Doane will be adjusted on satisfactory terms. 492
244 Mr. Grubb to Mr. Blaine May 5 American pork: Reports an interview with the Duke of Tetuan in regard to the prohibition of the importation of American pork into Spain; Mr. Grubb feels confident that the matter is in a very favorable condition; prohibition by England of Spanish beef is inopportune for American interests. 492
250 Same to same May 14 Same subject: Mr. Grubb had another interview with Mr. Canovas on the subject of the prohibition of American pork. Mr. Canovas promised an answer in four or five days, and remarked, in closing the interview, “that he believed we would arrange it satisfactorily.” 493
252 Same to same May 19 Same subject: Reports that the prohibition of the importation of American pork into Spain has been taken off; incloses copy of Mr. Grubb’s note to Mr. Canovas on the subject. 493
[Page LIX]254 Mr. Grubb to Mr. Blaine May 22 American pork: Incloses a copy of the royal decree taking off the prohibition on the importation of American pork into Spain and her dependencies. 494
257 Same to same May 25 Same subject: According to the royal decree published May 24, 1892, the restrictions of the decree of November 9, 1887, on pork coming from the United States, are removed. All that is now required is certificate of origin and of inspection in accordance with the law of the United States of America of March 3, 1891. All greases prepared by action of fire and also fat bacon are exempt from inspection in Spain and from bringing a certificate of inspection from whence they came. Incloses copy of note from the Duke of Tetuan, contents of which are summarized in Mr. Grubb’s dispatch as above. 495
251 Mr. Foster to Mr. MacNutt July 12 Celebration of the sailing of Columbus from Palos. Instructs Mr. MacNutt to inform the Spanish minister of foreign affairs that the Commanding officer of the United States steamer Bennington has been ordered to proceed to Palos, Spain, to take part in the celebration of the sailing of Columbus from that port. 496
285 Mr. MacNutt to Mr. Foster Aug. 8 Same subject. Mr. MacNutt gives a detailed account of the celebration which took place on the 2d of August, 1892, and of incidents connected therewith. 496
6 Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden Sept. 7 Invitation from Congress to the descendants of Christopher Columbus to attend the Columbian Exposition as the guests of the Government and people of the United States: Incloses a copy of the resolution and instructs the minister to present to the persons named in the same in person copies of the resolution and of the instruction, and to express the earnest desire of the Government and people that it may be their pleasure to accent this cordial invitation. 498
7 Same to same Sept. 7 Invitation to the Queen Regent of Spain and the King of Spain to attend the opening ceremonies of the World’s Columbian Exposition: Incloses a copy of the President’s letter extending the invitation and instructs the minister to present the same. 498
272 Mr. Foster to Mr. MacNutt Sept. 26 Dedication of Columbus Monument at Huelva: Incloses copy or a letter from the Acting Secretary of the Navy, stating that the Newark will participate, in the ceremonies attending the trip of the Queen Recent from Cadiz to Huelva. 499
3 Mr. Snowden to Mr. Foster Oct. 7 Invitation to Queen Regent and King of Spain to attend the opening ceremonies of the World’s Columbian Exposition. The minister reports the formal delivery of the invitation, and gives an account of the ceremonies attending the same. Incloses copies of the speeches made on the occasion. 500
6 Same to same Oct. 20 Celebration of the fourth centenary of the discovery of America: Mr. Snowden reports that he accepted an official invitation to be present at the celebrations in Huelva and Sevilla in commemoration of the discovery of America. Gives a detailed account of the ceremonies on the occasion. 502
25 Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden Nov. 3 Missionary troubles in the Caroline Islands: No sooner did the Spanish Government assume authority over the Caroline Islands, in 1887, than the rights of American missionaries, who, for thirty-five years, had resided there in peace, began to be seriously infringed. The wrongs suffered by the missionaries having been brought to the attention of the Spanish Government at Madrid, a note was received from the Duke of Tetuan which was understood by the Department as assenting to the return of the missionaries and the full resumption of their work, but they have, in fact, not as yet been allowed to resume their work. Mr. Snowden is instructed to ask the Spanish Government to instruct the local authorities of Ponape to permit the missionaries to resume their work. The charge that the missionaries have aided or abetted the natives in their resistance to Spanish [Page LX]authority is unfounded. This Government can not take into consideration the sect of the missionaries. It claims protection for them because they are Americans. The charge that the natives used the mission buildings to resist the Spanish troops is denied. Will demand the restoration of the land belonging to the missionaries seized by the Spanish authorities. Incloses correspondence. 504
42 Mr. Foster to Mr. MacNutt Nov. 26 Invitation to World’s Columbian Exposition. Mr. MacNutt will inform the Duke of Veragua that he and his family are expected about the middle of April next, and that the Department desires to receive due notice of the time of his arrival and other particulars. 513
45 Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden Nov. 29 Missionary troubles in the Caroline Islands. Calls attention to the amount of the indemnity which it is believed by the Department the missionaries are entitled to receive. The claims examined in detail. The sum of $25,000, which the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions ask in full remuneration of their pecuniary damages is regarded as very moderate. Incloses documents in support of the claim. 513
38 Mr. MacNutt to Mr. Foster Dec. 14 Invitations to the descendants of Columbus: Gives information as to which members of the Columbus family will visit the United States. Information will hereafter be given as to the exact number of persons who are coming, and as to the vessel by which they will sail. 518

correspondence with the legation of spain at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Sagrario to Mr. Wharton 1892. June 27 Celebration at Palos. Tenders to the Government of the United States an invitation to take part in the official ceremonies to be held at the port of Palos, Spain, August 2, 1892, in commemoration of the sailing of Columbus from Palos. 518
Mr. Foster to Mr. Sagrario July 12 Same subject. The commanding officer of the U. S. S. Bennington has been ordered to proceed to Palos to take part in the celebration in honor of the sailing of Columbus from that port. 519
Senor Dupuy de Lôme to Mr. Foster. Sept. 15 The visit of the Queen Regent of Spain to Huelva. Her Majesty will leave the port of Cadiz October 9, 1892, for Huelva to inaugurate a monument to Columbus there. Vessels of friendly powers will accompany the Queen Regent, who would be pleased to have the flag of the United States figure in the ceremonies. 519
Mr. Foster to Señor Dupuy de Lôme. Sept. 26 Same subject. Rear-Admiral A. E. K. Benham has been ordered to proceed to Cadiz, Spain, with the Newark and to accompany the Queen Regent of Spain when she leaves that port for Huelva to dedicate the Columbus monument at that city. 520
Señor Dupuy de Lôme to Mr. Foster. Dec. 1 Invitation to the Queen Regent of Spain: Transmits the reply of Her Majesty to the invitation to attend the opening ceremonies of the World’s Columbian Exposition at Chicago. Expresses the gratitude of herself and son for the invitation, and their regret that the provisions of the Spanish constitution will prevent them from being present on the occasion. 520

correspondence with the legation of switzerland at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Tavel to Mr. Foster 1892. July 28 Arrest of Dr. Georg, an attaché of the Swiss legation, by the State police at Bay Ridge, Md., charged with taking a pocketbook belonging to a lady from Baltimore: His examination before a commissioner at Annapolis and discharge; [Page LXI]Mr. Tavel protests against the arrest as in violation of treaty between the United States and Switzerland, requests an expression of regret, and that the police agents may be disciplined; incloses a memorandum of even date stating the facts in the case. 521
Mr. Foster to Mr. Tavel Aug. 1 Same subject: Acknowledges above note; has requested the governor of Maryland to investigate the case and to cause any of the agents of the State who may have disregarded the rights secured to diplomatic officers by the Constitution and laws of the United States to be punished. Expresses his sincere regret at the occurrence. 523
Same to same Aug. 9 Same subject: Incloses copy of a letter from the governor of Maryland, expressing his sincere regret at the action of the State officer. Has dismissed him, which is the only punishment he can inflict upon him. The governor regrets his inability to offer any further reparation. 524
Mr. Tavel to Mr. Adee Sept. 2 Same subject: Acknowledges above note. His Government considers the incident closed and expresses its satisfaction at the earnestness and good will of the United States Government. 525
Mr. Adee to Mr. Tavel Sept. 5 Same subject: Acknowledges above note. Copy has been inclosed to governor of Maryland. 526

turkey.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
263 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch 1891. Dec. 14 Schools and churches: The right of foreigners to teach in the dominions of Turkey. Refusal of a permit to Rev. Mr. Easson to build on his own land except on conditions. Approves Mr. Hirsch’s note verbale of December 15, 1890, in which he claimed that these conditions were illegal. The minister may confer with the British ambassador. 527
364 Mr. MacNutt to Mr. Blaine Dec. 17 Missionary troubles: Interference with building operations of Rev. Mr. Bartlett by the Vali of Bourdour. 529
375 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine 1892. Jan. 11 Schools and churches: Incloses note verbale asking the Porte to explain in what it conceives conversion of dwelling houses into churches to consist. The minister informs the Porte that he expects instructions to provincial authorities will contain nothing to injure status of the missionaries. 530
379 Same to same Jan. 22 Same subject: Incloses text of his note protesting against the ministerial order of December 28, 1891, concerning schools; gives copy of the order. 531
380 Same to same Jan. 25 Naturalized United States citizens: Correspondence with the Porte as to protection of our citizens who were once Turkish subjects. 533
382 Same to same Jan. 27 Schools and churches: Views of the Porte as to missionary schools. 534
383 Same to same Jan. 29 Same subject: The ministerial order concerning schools. 535
281 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch Feb. 10 Same subject: Acknowledges Mr. Hirsch’s No. 379, and approves his protest against the ministerial order. 535
285 Same to same Feb. 24 Same subject: Acknowledges Mr. Hirsch’s No. 383. 536
288 Same to same Mar. 2 Missionary troubles: Transmits letter commending Mr. Hirsch’s action on behalf of the missionaries. 536
397 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine Feb. 29 Same subject: Detention of private letters to missionaries. The Porte disclaims censorship over private correspondence. 537
399 Same to same Mar. 2 Schools and churches: Discusses ministerial order concerning schools and article 129 of the school law. Note verbale of the British ambassador to the Porte. 537
[Page LXII]407 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine Mar. 18 Schools and churches: Closing of Mr. Easson’s school. Mr. Hirsch addressed a note to the Porte protesting and deprecating interference with Mr. Easson’s rights. 542
409 Same to same Mar. 21 Foreigners in Turkey: Procedures in civil and penal matters towards foreigners who live at distance of more than nine hours from consular residences; incloses memorandum of the dragomans; also, a copy of his note replying to note of October 10, 1891, and stating that the legation can not assent to the proposed procedure. 545
300 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Hirsch Mar. 25 Schools: Acknowledges with approval dispatch No 399. 547
413 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine Mar. 26 Same subject: Rev. Mr. Bartlett prevented from buying land unless he sign a bond that he will never allow a church or school on same. 547
414 Same to same Mar. 28 Missionary troubles: Correspondence with the Porte as to arrest of Mr. Crawford at Erdek. Mr. Hirsch demanded suitable reparation. 548
416 Same to same Mar. 29 Schools and churches: Incloses correspondence in the case of Mr. Bartlett—the subject of No. 413 above. 550
417 Same to same Mar. 31 Same subject: States that the grand vizier has instructed the governors general to stop execution of the ministerial order of December 28, 1891, until further advised. British and French position on the subject. (See No. 379.) 552
420 Same to same Apr. 2 Missionary troubles: Incloses note to the Porte invoking for Mr. Bartlett his treaty rights. 553
308 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch Apr. 6 Foreigners in Turkey: Acknowledges dispatch No. 409 of March 21, 1892. 554
423 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine Apr. 8 Book trade of missionaries: Incloses note to the Porte, in which he protests against interference with a legitimate trade, and reserves the question of damages done to American citizens by same. 554
424 Same to same Apr. 8 Missionary troubles: Detention of private correspondence. (See No. 397.) The grand vizier promises to correct the evil. 556
426 Same to same Apr. 11 Same subject: Has called attention of the Porte to continued interference with Mr. Bartlett’s building operations. 556
427 Same to same Apr. 12 Same subject: Demands of the Porte that the schools closed by authorities of Dizze be reopened. 557
310 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch Apr. 13 Same subject: Acknowledges dispatch No. 416 as to the Bartlett case. 558
431 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine Apr. 18 Same subject: Incloses statement of Rev. Mr. Easson as to seizure of American property in Tenderiah. (See No.407.) 558
432 Same to same Apr. 20 Same subject: Detention of private correspondence. The Porte has instructed post-office officials to prevent such detention. 561
434 Same to same Apr. 20 Interference with building operations: Case of David Metheney. Incloses note asking the Porte that the provincial authorities shall cease interference. 561
316 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch Apr. 22 Missionary troubles: Schools in Syria of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America. Case of Mr. Easson. 562
319 Same to same Apr. 25 Book trade of missionaries: Acknowledges dispatch No. 423 on the subject. 564
321 Same to same Apr. 28 Missionary troubles: Approves the terms of his note to the Porte as to the reopening of schools closed by the authorities of Dizze. 564
438 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine Apr. 30 Stamford Manufacturing Company: Correspondence with, relative to interference of authorities of Alexandretta, with their building operations. Incloses note to the Porte, giving notice that damages will be claimed. 565
440 Same to same May 5 Schools. Protection of native teachers. Correspondence with the authorities of Anatolia College respecting the status of native teachers. 568
441 Same to same May 6 Stamford Manufacturing Company. Further difficulties of. The Porte promises favorable action. 570
443 Same to same May 7 Same subject. Additional interference with Stamford Company. The Porte promises action. 571
[Page LXIII]448 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine May 13 Schools in the Gravar district. The teachers imprisoned are natives. 572
327 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch May 13 Schools. Incloses letter of Mr. D. Metheney, commending Mr. Hirsch’s action on behalf of the same. 572
449 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine May 14 Same subject. The attitude of the French and the British ambassadors on the subject. 573
451 Same to same May 19 Stamford Manufacturing Company. The company is allowed to proceed with its building. 574
328 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch May 23 Schools: Incloses copy of letter of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in America, commending action of Mr. Hirsch. 575
330 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Hirsch. May 24 Stamford Manufacturing Company: Approves his action on behalf of that company. 575
332 Same to same May 25 Schools: Protection of native teachers. Gives the views of the Department on the question presented. 576
456 Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine May 28 Same subject: The obnoxious order of January has been virtually withdrawn by an inclosed circular. No further interference will be permitted. 577
Mr. Blaine to Mr. Hirsch (telegram). June 1 Interference with building operations of the Stamford Company: The President wishes to know whether it has been stopped. 578
Mr. Hirsch to Mr. Blaine (telegram). June 2 Same subject: Interference stopped May 17. 578
470 Same to same June 14 Schools: Circular issued and distributed among American missionaries in relation to the late arrangement of difficulties. 578
342 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Hirsch. June 14 Same subject: Mr. Hirsch’s action is commended. 579
478 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Wharton. June 18 Interference with building operations of the Stamford Company: No further steps will be taken in the absence of further complaints. 579
499 Same to same July 21 School laws of Turkey 580
504 Same to same July 28 Interference with the circulation of Bibles: It has been stopped at Aleppo and a promise given that the same course will be taken at Alachan, whence a similar complaint was received by the legation. 581
365 Mr. Adee to Mr. Newberry Aug. 15 Same subject: Commends Mr. Newberry’s efforts to protect the rights of United States citizens. 582
515 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster Aug. 18 Missionary troubles: Reports the burning at Bourdour of Rev. Mr. Bartlett’s house after repeated promises that the completion of the building would be allowed. 582
Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry (telegram). Aug. 19 Same subject: Instructions as to satisfaction to be demanded in the above case. 583
517 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster. Aug. 20 Same subject: Reports previous interference with the repairs on Rev. Mr. Bartlett’s house incited by Armenians and connived at by the authorities. 583
520 Same to same Aug. 23 Same subject: The Minister for Foreign Affairs writes that an investigation has been instituted, but Mr. Newberry will send his note with its demands without delay. 584
521 Same to same Aug. 24 Same subject: Incloses the note above referred to, and reports his interview with minister for foreign affairs, in which he gave notice that a delay of ten days would be given for compliance with the demands presented. 584
522 Same to same Aug. 24 Same subject: Reports annoyances to which Rev. Mr. Bartlett was subjected subsequently to the fire. 587
523 Same to same Aug. 24 Same subject: Incloses a letter from the Eastern Turkey Mission thanking him for his endeavors. 588
524 Same to same Aug. 25 Same subject: Details of the burning of Rev. Mr. Bartlett’s house at Bourdour, and of preceding and subsequent events. 588
526 Same to same Aug. 29 Same subject: Interference with the circulation of Bibles at Alachan. Second note addressed to the Porte on the matter. 590
527 Same to same. Aug. 29 Same subject: Seizure of the private correspondence of Miss Bush, an American missionary at Tan. The return of the papers has been requested. 590
528 Same to same Aug. 30 Same subject: Further statements furnished by Rev. Mr. Bartlett concerning the troubles at Bourdour. 591
[Page LXIV]536 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster. Sept. 7 Missionary troubles: Interference with the circulation of Bibles at Alachan. After long delay a promise has been given to send telegraphic orders to have the Bibles delivered and molestations stopped. 592
377 Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry. Sept. 7 Same subject: Acknowledges dispatches relating to the outrages perpetrated on Rev. Mr. Bartlett. 593
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 7 Same subject: Authorizes acceptation of indemnity offered by the Turkish Government. 593
Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster (telegram). Sept. 9 Same subject: Indemnity has been paid 593
544 Same to same Sept. 15 Same subject: Announces the termination of all troubles at Alachan. 593
385 Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry. Sept. 16 Same subject: Approves the advice and assurances given to Rev. Mr. Bartlett, as indicated in dispatch No. 538. 594
386 Same to same Sept. 16 Same subject: It is hoped that the payment of indemnity to Rev. Mr. Bartlett will be completed by due protection in the future, and the punishment of the offenders. 594
547 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster. Sept. 26 Same subject: Seizure of Bibles at Geybize. Incloses the report of, received from the American Bible Society, and the note addressed to the minister for foreign affairs, who immediately ordered, by telegram, the return of the books. 595
551 Same to same Sept. 27 Same subject: Private journal of Rev. Mr. Bartlett in connection with the late outrages at Bourdour. 596
391 Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry Sept. 29 Same subject: Instructions to express the painful impression created by the repeated breaches of promises, should the molestations of which the American Bible Society complains continue. 599
394 Same to same Sept. 30 Same subject: Expresses satisfaction caused by the termination of the troubles at Alachan. 599
559 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster Oct. 1 Same subject: The Bibles seized at Geybize have been returned to the society’s agent. 599
565 Same to same Oct. 8 Same subject: Incloses note requesting information as to punishment inflicted on the men arrested for the burning of Rev. Mr. Bartlett’s house at Bourdour. 600
402 Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry Oct. 14 Same subject: Acknowledges dispatch No. 547 600
404 Same to same Oct. 15 Same subject: Expresses the favorable impression conveyed in Rev. Mr. Bartlett’s journal as to the aid given him by the mutessarif of Isbarta. 600
572 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster Oct. 19 Same subject: Transmits the complaint of Mr. W. W. Mead of molestations suffered at Hajin. The grand vizier contends that Turkish authorities have the right to search the persons and property, and seize books and papers whereever there is no consular representative. 601
575 Same to same Oct. 19 Same subject: Further outrages against Rev. Mr. Bartlett and his daughter, at Kara Hissar. 603
579 Same to same Oct. 19 Same subject: The men implicated in the burning of Rev. Mr. Bartlett’s house are to be tried at Smyrna, and an inquiry is now being made into the responsibility of the authorities. 606
580 Same to same Oct. 19 Schools: Incloses note addressed to the minister for foreign affairs in connection with the closing in 1891 of the American mission school at Agantz. 607
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Newberry (telegram). Oct. 20 Missionary troubles: Full protection for persons complaining of interference is to be insisted upon. 607
585 Mr. Newberry to Mr. Foster Oct. 25 Same subject: Rev. Mr. Bartlett has left Kara Hissar, but the persecutions there continue. 607
592 Same to same. Nov. 3 Same subject: Full satisfaction accorded by the Turkish Government. The governor of the Bourdour district has been displaced, and the ringleader at Kara Hissar imprisoned. 608
421 Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry Nov. 16 Same subject: Resolutions of the board of foreign missions of the Presbyterian Church appreciative of Mr. Hirsch, late minister. 608
3 Mr. Foster to Mr. Thompson Nov. 29 Rights and privileges of United States citizens in Turkey: Reviews the circumstances under which they were acquired; adverts to the different ways in which they are infringed, viz, interference with the building of houses that may be converted into churches or schools; examination [Page LXV]and seizure of books and papers; adverts to the friendly relations of the two countries, and the disposition now manifested of making redress for outrages perpetrated in remote parts of the Empire; recommends a courteous and firm attitude toward the central government as the best means of securing such redress. 609
425 Mr. Foster to Mr. Newberry. Dec. 5 Same subject. Referring to the complaint of Mr. Mead in dispatch No. 572, states that the contention of the minister for foreign affairs, that persons and property can be searched wherever there is no consular representative, is unwarranted by treaty capitulations and comity. No further action need be taken until the arrival of Minister Thompson, who has received full instructions. 613

venezuela.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
321 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster 1892. Aug. 29 Asylum: Violation of right of, by military authorities at Puerto Cabello, in seizing six passengers on board American vessel Caracas. Reports the circumstances and incloses correspondence relative to. 615
Mr. Adee to Mr. Scruggs (telegram). Aug. 29 Revolution: Requests full report of attack on United States consulat Ciudad Bolivar and states that a war vessel has been ordered to proceed to La Guayra. 618
278 Same to same Aug. 30 Same subject: Copy of his telegram of August 22, asking that a naval vessel be sent to La Guayra, was communicated to Secretary of the Navy. Full particulars of the taking of six passengers from steamer Caracas are awaited. 618
279 Same to same Aug. 30 Asylum: Violation of right of, taking of passengers from the Caracas. Incloses letter from Boulton, Bliss & Dallett, of New York, giving some particulars and transmitting formal protest of the captain. 619
325 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster Sept. 7 Neutrality of American steamers: Incloses correspondence with agents of the “Red D” line, wherein they state that on several occasions they have been applied to by the several factions of the revolution for the use of their steamers. 620
326 Same to same Sept. 7 Revolution: Closing of the ports of Ciudad Bolivar and Puerto Cabello. Incloses decree of the Villegas government ordering the, which, however, can not be operative, as the opposing faction holds both ports. 621
283 Mr. Foster to Mr. Scruggs Sept. 8 Revolution: War ship Kearsarge has been ordered to join the Concord in Venezuelan waters to protect American interests, and the Philadelphia now in New York is held in readiness to go. Further advices are awaited. 622
284 Same to same Sept. 8 Asylum: Violation of right of, replies to his dispatch No. 321 of August 29, and approves his action in the premises and gives some general instructions applicable. 623
Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster (telegram). Sept. 24 Revolution: Situation remains unchanged. Transmits request of Venezuelan Government that steamer South Portland, laden with munitions of war in New York, be prevented from entering Puerto Cabello by United States naval forces. 624
Mr. Foster to Mr. Scruggs (telegram). Sept. 24 Neutrality: Violation of, states that South Portland case has been fully investigated by Federal courts in New York and that Government can not interfere. 625
287 Same to same Sept. 24 Revolution: Acknowledges his No. 326, of September 8, transmitting decree closing ports. Agrees with his opinion as to ineffectiveness of such a measure, and quotes from instructions to United States minister in Honduras in similar case. 625
[Page LXVI] Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster (telegram). Sept. 27 Neutrality, violation of: At request of Venezuelan Government, asks whether, in case South Portland cleared for Trinidad, but proceeded to Puerto Cabello direct, United States naval forces can interfere. 625
336 Same to same Sept. 27 Neutrality, violation of: Reports interview with minister for foreign affairs, in which legation’s direct intervention was requested and declined, and explains that his telegram of September 27 was sent at the minister’s urgent request. Memorandum inclosed. 625
337 Same to same Sept. 28 Asylum, violation of right of: Incloses a public disavowal by Venezuelan Government of the act of Gen. Urdaneta in taking the six passengers from American steamer Caracas on August 17. 627
Mr. Foster to Mr. Scruggs (telegram). Sept. 29 Neutrality, violation of: Reply to telegram of September 27. No precedent for action requested, and in view of action of courts can not give instruction desired. 627
392 Same to same Sept. 30 Neutrality of American steamers: Acknowledges his No. 325 and regards his letter to the agents of the Red D line as discreet. Incloses a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury in regard to the effect of temporary foreign service on the American registry of a vessel. 627
Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster (telegram). Oct. 4 Revolution: Reports that the blockade of Puerto Cabello is effected by two inefficient Venezuelan steamers, which are present there at intervals, and now threaten to fire upon American steamers. Asks whether United States naval forces should respect such a blockade. 628
Mr. Foster to Mr. Scruggs (telegram). Oct. 5 Revolution: Blockade at Puerto Cabello; steamers should not attempt to break same when it is visible. Instructions will be sent to naval vessels. 629
342 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster. Oct. 7 Blockade: Alleged violation of by American steamer Philadelphia, abetted by U. S. S. Kearsarge. Incloses protest of Venezuelan Government and memorandum in reply; also correspondence with Red D line agents and Admiral Walker, showing that blockade was not effective and that the Philadelphia was not even spoken by so-called blockading vessel. 629
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 10 Revolution: Asks whether de facto Government of Gen. Crespo should not be recognized without delay. 634
Mr. Foster to Mr. Scruggs (telegram). Oct. 12 Same subject: Directed to recognize the new Government provided it is accepted by the people in possession of the power of the nation and fully established. 635
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 16 Same subject: Asks whether action has been taken upon his instructions of October 12. 635
Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster (telegram). Oct. 18 Same subject: Reports that he will fulfill the formalities of recognition in a few days. 635
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 23 Same subject: Gives notice of the formal recognition of the new Government. 635
229 Mr. Wharton to Mr. Scruggs Oct. 18 Blockade: Alleged violation of, by American Steamer Philadelphia and U. S. S. Kearsarge. In order to be respected it should have been continuous, and maintained against all commerce and not with particular ships at intervals. 635
346 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Foster Oct. 18 Revolution: Reports interviews with Gen. Crespo, who is anxious for recognition by the United States and will hold power until a constituent assembly is convened early in 1894; incloses decrees appointing cabinet and public officers; new minister to the United States, Dr. Bustaamante favorable to reciprocity. 636
355 Same to same Nov. 18 Asylum: Right of, clearance refused S. S. Philadelphia of Red D line, because of refusal of the captain to surrender Pedro V. Mijores, a passenger taken at Curacao, and demanded as “an enemy of the Government.” Consul directed to clear the steamer; minister for foreign affairs after interview promises that papers will be returned to consul. 637
[Page LXVII]

correspondence with the legation of venezuela at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster (telegram). 1892. Sept. 9 Neutrality: Alleged violation of, by steamer South Portland that is to leave New York for Trinidad, carrying munitions of war for rebels in Venezuela. Asks that vessel be detained pending investigation. 639
Same to same Sept. 10 Same subject: Gives facts and repeats request conveyed in telegram of September 9. 639
Mr. Adee to Señor Bolet Peraza (telegram). Sept. 10 Same subject: Informs him that the South Portland is held for investigation and that proofs should be presented to collector without delay. 640
Same to same Sept. 10 Same subject: Repeats substance of telegram of this date. 640
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 12 Same subject: Informed that it is necessary to at once make complaint and furnish proofs and suggests that he confer with district attorney in New York. 640
Same to same Sept. 12 Same subject: His note of September 10 appears to suggest the impression that it is the province of the United States Government to continue the proceedings and determine whether or not the vessel has violated the neutrality laws. Such a determination can only be reached by due process of law. Urges upon him the necessity for immediate action on his part. 640
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster (telegram). Sept. 14 Same subject: Requests that South Portland be further detained until witness whose testimony is needed can reach New York. 641
Mr. Foster to Señor Bolet Peraza. Sept. 15 Same subject: Acknowledges his telegram of September 14, and states that a copy has been transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury. 641
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster. Sept. 16 Same subject: Complains of the apparent partiality of the United States district attorney who, notwithstanding affidavit of the secretary of the consulate, insists upon the production of evidence and witnesses difficult to-procure; sets forth circumstances tending to show the warlike purposes of the charterers and incloses letter of his counsel to the district attorney demanding the institution of judicial proceedings; assistance of Department requested. 642
Mr. Foster to Señor Bolet Peraza (telegram). Sept. 17 Same subject: District attorney has asked further detention of the South Portland until September 19. Evidence should be submitted to him. Department has no discretion in the matter. 644
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster (telegram). Sept. 20 Revolution: States that he is authorized by his Government to buy a steamer and arm it as a cruiser. Asks that proper authorities be instructed to avoid him trouble. 644
Mr. Foster to Señor Bolet Peraza (telegram), Sept. 21 Same subject: Reply to his telegram of September, 20. Guarantee asked for is not practicable, as it is an interference with judicial functions. 644
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster (telegram). Sept. 21 Neutrality: Alleged violation of, by steamer South Portland; states that acquittal of Gonzales does not disprove that the vessel is armed to be used against his Government; urges the libeling of the vessel; asks that she be detained; will make personal visit if necessary. 644
Mr. Foster to Señor Bolet Peraza. Sept. 22 Same subject: Reply to his telegram of September 21; the evidence being insufficient to prove charges the case was dismissed; hence, no room remained for the libeling of the vessel. 645
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster. Sept. 24 Same subject: Complains that the course of the United States attorney in failing to bring up witnesses subpœnaed by him deprived him of the means of substantiating the charges against the South Portland, which he recites; enters under telegraphic orders of his Government protest against such action as preliminary to claim which may arise out of acts of hostility by the South Portland and asks that United States war vessels prevent the landing of contraband at Puerto Cabello, now held by revolutionists, out of the South Portland. 645
Mr. Foster to Señor Bolet Peraza. Sept. 28 Same subject: Case was investigated by Federal courts, New York, and the action of the law officers must be presumed to have been in accordance with the law; the protest of his note [Page LXVIII]of September 24 is therefore not well grounded: his request to have United States war vessels prevent the South Portland landing contraband of war at Puerto Cabello would place the United States in the position of enforcing a blockade which can not be assumed by a neutral power, even if the state of belligerency had been recognized. 647
Señor Bolet Peraza to Mr. Foster. Sept. 28 Neutrality: Reports that a shipment of ammunition of war for revolutionists is in preparation at Baltimore to be cleared at the discontinued consulate of Venezuela; asks that Secretary of the Treasury be informed. 648
Mr. Foster to Señor Bolet Peraza. Sept. 29 Same subject: Reply to his note of September 28; has informed Secretary of the Treasury as requested. 648