Peking, March 5, 1892.
(Received, April 18.)No.
[Inclosure in No. 1485.]
The Tsung-li-yamen to Mr.
Peking, March 3,
Upon the 24th February, the Prince and ministers received from the
minister superintendent of southern trade a communication stating that
in the matter of the burning and destruction of missionary property at
Wuku by outlaws last year, Chuan Yon Shun and Wang Kuang Chin, rioters,
were decapitated on the spot, and their heads exposed as a warning to
others. Other participants in the riots were also punished, some by
imprisonment, and others cargued, according to the nature of the offense
committed. At the same time, instructions were issued to cause the
apprehension of Kao Yu Ching, one of the chief rioters, and other
miscreants, and to have meted out to them rigorous punishment.
Later the expectant Taotai, Yuan, in charge of the tithing office at
Wuku, reported that in December of last year Chen Hsi-tung, an outlaw,
was arrested and, on being examined, the whereabouts of Kao Yu Ching
were ascertained. A worthy officer with soldiers was dispatched to
effect his arrest. A petition was therefore presented to the minister
superintendent of southern trade asking for instructions as to what
action should be taken with this criminal. Instructions were accordingly
issued and the Wuku Taotai made his report to effect that he had
examined the said criminal and it appeared that he was a conspicuous
leader of the seditious society and that he had been engaged in the
missionary disturbances, beating gongs, and causing destruction of
property by fire. His criminal acts were of such a nature that leniency
should not in any way be shown. A copy of the evidence was transmitted
to the minister superintendent of southern trade asking for instructions
in the premises. He, finding that the criminal was a conspicuous leader
and that he had taken the lead in the burning of missionary property,
considered that it would not be convenient to postpone for any length of
time his punishment, and therefore ordered [Page 92] that he be at once beheaded and that his head be
exposed as a warning to the populace. The yamên would observe that the
first missionary outrage occurred at Wuku. The leading criminals have
been apprehended and punished. The heads of the evildoers have been
taken off as examples to others. Now besides having addressed his
excellency Mr. Lemaire, the French minister, on the subject, as in duty
bound, the Prince and ministers in like manner send this communication
for the information of the minister of the United States.