Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine.

No. 1451.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a translation of a communication which has been circulated by the minister of the French Republic. It relates to the late massacres of native Christians in Mongolia, and sets forth extracts from a proclamation issued by the general commanding the imperial troops, who excuses these massacres. In accordance with your late telegram, wherein I was directed to sign no more joint dispatches until I had received further instructions, I declined to sign such a paper. The diplomatic body thereupon delegated Mr. von Brandt to make verbal representations to the foreign office deprecating such proclamations as the one referred to.

I have, etc.,

Charles Denby.
[Inclosure in No. 1451.—Translation.]

Circular letter of the French minister.

Dear Colleague: I have the honor to address to you herewith the copy of a translation of a proclamation which has been published at Dakeon, a locality situated in the part of Eastern Mongolia which is attached administratively to the province of Pe-teche-li, and in which took place last month the massacre of many native Christians, the destruction and pillage of their houses, churches, orphan asylums, and other missionary establishments. You will see that the Gen. Ye, who is charged with the repression of the troubles has found nothing better to explain the conduct of the local mandarins, who before his arrival in the country had allowed the Christians to be massacred without any intervention whatever, than to admit that the crimes of the bandits called Tsai-li-ti were, up to a certain point, excusable. “These malefactors,” he says, in an order addressed to the prefect of Ping-tchuan-tcheon, author of the proclamation, ‘“declare that they wish to cause to disappear Catholic missions in order to satisfy their revenge. Already they have burned and destroyed, one after another, the missions of this prefecture (Pakeon) and some of San-che-kia-tze. It has been found out in these places that the religious establishments in question contained in their cellars innumerable bodies of children. There were also discovered twenty or thirty young girls who have been retaken by their families. They did not ravage the localities. One sees sufficiently in these facts the manifest proof that the bandits had contracted a profound hatred of the missions and hastened to avenge themselves. Since on this occasion the religious establishments [Page 83] have been burned and there have been discovered bones of the dead bodies of children, the sentiment of hatred which has been manifested was not without motive.” It is not without interest to compare this passage with the one which immediately precedes it. “They, the bandits, now betake themselves in the country to pillage and incendiarism, and strike many of the people. These are veritable crimes.” It is not necessary to press upon you, my dear colleague, the necessity to call attention of the foreign office to this odious conduct of the general of division, Ye, and to point out the new dangers which will arise to the missions—that the general was sent to protect—from these false allegations. They seem to be intended to excuse in advance all the crimes that may be committed against Christianity. I think that under the circumstances our colleagues would be willing to join in a collective letter to the foreign office showing the consequences that may follow such conduct and demanding redress.

G. Lemaire.