Mr. Grant to Mr. Blaine.

No. 155.]

Sir: In pursuance of telegraphic instructions from the Department of State, the United States legation at Berlin has furnished me with a copy of your instruction No. 245,* of May 1, and of its inclosures, relative to the alleged assisted emigration to the United States by the authorities at Stauzach of one Nikolaus Bader, belonging to the criminal or imbecile classes of Austria-Hungary. It having been discovered, after the instruction in question was written, that Stauzach is a town in the Austrian Tyrol, and that there is no such place in Germany, I have concluded that the Department’s purpose in causing the case to be sent to me was that I should proceed in the matter as if the instruction had been originally addressed to me, and I have accordingly brought the subject to the attention of the minister for foreign affairs in a note dated the 22d instant, a copy of which is inclosed, in such a manner as I trust will meet with the Department’s approval.

I have, etc.,

F. D. Grant.
[Inclosure in No. 155.]

Mr. Grant to Count Kalnoky.

Your Excellency: I have the honor to inform your excellency that I have received an instruction from the honorable the Secretary of State at Washington, directing my attention to a letter addressed to him by the Secretary of the Treasury, accompanied by the affidavit of one Nikolaus Bader, an alien, who was upon his arrival at New York on the steamship Waesland, on the 23d of April last, refused permission to land by the Superintendent of Immigration at that port.

[Page 17]

Upon examination of the affidavit aforesaid it appears that Bader is a native of Stauzach (supposed to be in the Austrian Tyrol), and that his passage to the United States was paid by the authorities of Stauzach. Bader states that in 1864 he committed a murder, for which he was imprisoned and served one year, when he was declared insane and confined in an insane asylum, where he has been twenty-four years, and from which he was discharged somewhat over a year ago; that he requested to be sent to America, and that the authorities then sent him there.

This sworn declaration of Nikolaus Bader, if true, presents a case in which an attempt has been made, as it is thought your excellency will be ready to admit, to perpetrate a great wrong upon the Government and people of the United States. Serious as the incident is in itself, it attains additional significance in so far as it suggests a possible condition of affairs with respect to certain emigration from this Empire to the United States which could not fail to be injurious to the institutions and good government of that country, and which therefore demands a prompt investigation with a view to its suppression. It is not to be entertained for a moment that an act so unfriendly to my Government could have been committed with the knowledge of the Imperial and Royal Government of Austria-Hungary. Bearing in mind the cordial relations so happily existing between the two Governments, this legation must assume that the emigration to the United States of a person belonging to the imbecile or criminal classes of this Empire, if assisted by the authorities of any city or-province in Austria-Hungary, must have been the work of subordinate officials. I have therefore the honor most respectfully to request, in pursuance of instructions on the subject, that your excellency will be pleased to cause inquiry to be made in the matter to the end that the authorities at Stauzach may be rebuked if Bader’s accusation against them be found true, and that steps may be taken to prevent any repetition of the offense which forms the subject of this complaint.

I avail myself, etc.,

F. D. Grant.
  1. See instructions to United States Minister to Germany.