No. 213.
Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen.

No. 594.]

Sir: I have the honor to advise you that on the 13th instant the Hon. C. Fouchard, provisional secretary of state of foreign relations of this Government, addressed me a dispatch, received on the 14th instant, similar to that addressed to each member of the diplomatic and consular corps of this capital, in which he announces the purpose of his Government, according to the address of the President, a copy of which was transmitted inclosed in his dispatch, to bombard respectively Jacmel on the 18th and Jérémie on the 21st instant, provided the rebels in such cities have not sooner surrendered to the constitutional government.

In the name of humanity the honorable secretary asks any action that may be deemed wise and necessary on behalf of innocent and neutral persons residing in the cities named, and who might be exposed to the misfortunes of their bombardment. I have the honor to transmit, as herewith inclosed, copies of the dispatch and address mentioned, with translations of each, and also a copy of the dispatch addressed by me to the honorable secretary on this subject, in which I simply acknowledge the receipt of his dispatch, with its inclosure, reserving any rights which may pertain in anywise to American citizens being in the cities named at the time of their bombardment.

I am, &c.,

[Inclosure 1 in No. 594.—Translation.]

Mr. Fouchard to Mr. Langston.

Mr. Minister: In the interest of humanity I have the honor to transmit to you under this cover the address of this day of his excellency the President of Hayti to the rebels of the cities of Jacmel and of Jérémie. You will perhaps judge it necessary [Page 296] to do that which shall be in your power to save the innocent and neutrals who are in Jérémie and Jacmel exposed to the misfortunes which menace these cities, if, in the delay fixed, they do not submit themselves to the constitutional government.

Be pleased, &c.,

[Inclosure 2 in No. 594.—Translation.]

Republic of Hayti.

Liberty. Equality. Fraternity.


Salomon, President of Hayti, to the people and army:

Haytiens: When, after twenty years of exile, I returned to the country, two parties existed, the national party, which is the country of which I am the undoubted chief, and the party called liberal, having at its head Buyer Bazelais. This last party, exclusively aristocratic, has become a faction. This faction has ceased to exist. Boyer Bazelais, wounded in the head on the 22d of September, poisoned himself, and died at Miragoane the 27th of October last. To-day, thanks to Divine Providence, my Government is armed with forces which enables it to confound and annihilate the insurrection; it finds this force in the love of its fellow-citizens, and in the confidence and sympathy of which it is the object as well on the part of foreigners as the representatives and agents of the foreign powers residing in Hayti.

The hour for the final struggle has come, but, anxious to spare the blood of my fellow-citizens, I make here a supreme and final appeal to the rebels of Jérémie and Jacmel.

Therefore, there is accorded to Jacmel to the 18th instant, and to Jérémie to the 21st instant to lay down their arms and recognize the authority of the constitutional government. These delays passed, these two cities will be subdued by force.

They shall have no right to mercy, but shall be sought and prosecuted who have assassinated Generals Joachim Vérequain, Aristide Désiré, &c., who form the revolutionary committee of Jacmel, namely, K. Hippolite, Lefévre, T. Talmy, J. R. Barjon, Chicoye Jenne, J. C. Maximilien, L. T. Lafontant, Labidon, Jasmin, D. Lauture, J. R. Mégie, D. Berroüet, Lep. Lafontant, &c.

Fellow-citizens of Jacmel and Jérémie, to persist in resisting the Government is to condemn you, Jérémie and Jacmel, to the inseparable misfortunes of a city taken by assault.

Long live peace!

Long live the Haytien family!

[Inclosure 3 in No. 594.]

Mr. Langston to Mr. Fouchard.

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your dispatch of the 13th instant with its inclosure.

You will permit me, Mr. Minister, in acknowledging the receipt of such dispatch, to state that the rights of any American citizens who may be found in either Jacmel or Jérémie, when your Government shall attempt the bombardment of such cities, according to the address of the President transmitted, as inclosed in your dispatch, as well as according to the terms of the dispatch itself, are distinctly and specially reserved.

I am, &c.,