No. 70.
Mr. Young to Mr. Frelinghuysen.

No. 74.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose for the information of the Department a proclamation issued by Li Hung Chang, in reference to the naval school under his control at Tien-Tsin.

It will be interesting as showing the progress of the Chinese in developing their system of technical naval education, and the methods employed in the management of their cadets.

I have, &c.,

[Inclosure in No. 74.]

Proclamation by his excellency Li Hung Chang.

[A proclamation issued by Earl Li, viceroy of Chihli, senior guardian of the heir apparent, high commissioner of coast defense for the northern seas, and acting superintendent of trade, calling for a competitive examination of candidates.]

Inasmuch as formerly a want has been felt for the two branches of naval and engineering schools, I did establish on the seventh moon of the sixth year of Kwang Hsü, a naval school in Tien-Tsin for northern students only. This establishment has existed now for a year and more, and some progress has also been made, but it has never arrived at the full complement required, owing either to the dull abilities of the scholars or to their being too old for the purpose. This has arisen perhaps on the score that too small an allowance has been made for the students. I have, therefore, altered the regulation of granting a monthly allowance of one tael for each scholar to four taels per month. This sum will be sufficient to afford sustenance for a moderate sized family. In the naval school at Foo-Chow scions of respectable families studied there, and on the completion of their course were promoted to captaincies of ships of war. Some of these have now attained to the second and third ranks; some even have had bestowals of reward for bravery. Now, as regards these candidates for the Tien-Tsin school, if such among them also complete their course, I have also decided to memorialize the throne to bestow marks of honor on them. The principal regulations are as follows:

All students, members of respectable families, below the ages of sixteen and seventeen years, without distinction of provinces, capable of writing an ordinary composition or half a thesis, who wish to be candidates, are required to write down their ages, commencing from next year, and also the names of their great-grandfathers, grandfathers, and fathers, and go to the naval school and have them recorded. The superintendent of that establishment will then examine the said candidates and class them according to their examination papers. Now, the scholars of the present hour are the future bulwarks of the Empire, and they will be awarded according to their several abilities. The following are the regulations for admittance of the candidates:

Candidates who are admitted are required to produce a written document from parents or guardians stating that they are willing to follow the rules and regulations of the school. They are also required to produce a bond from some of the gentry of Tien-Tsin.
Scholars are put on probation for the first three months, board and lodging free; at the expiration of which time those that are retained will obtain an allowance or four taels per mensem.
Scholars are to stay in school for five years, during which time they are not allowed to marry or to go to the literary examinations, for fear these might obstruct their proper studies. This regulation must be put in the bond.
Scholars in the naval school will study in order that at some future time they may command ships. Those of the engineering school will study how to take care of the machinery of the vessels. After a time they will be required to put into practice their several branches.
Scholars of the naval school in every seven days are required to study two days Chinese under Chinese teachers. In the evening the English teachers will take them out and exercise them in naval drilling.
In the spring, summer and winter terms deputed examiners will go to the school and examine the scholars, while at the autumn term I will proceed myself to examine them. Those who stand at the head of their classes will be rewarded with commissions, and those who are of lower standard will receive rewards in money, brevet rank, and clothing.
Scholars of the naval school have one day’s holiday every fifteenth day of the month. Scholars of the engineering school have one day’s holiday every first Sunday of the month, during which day the parents and brothers of the scholars will be admitted to see them. Three days’ holiday are given on the fifth day of the fifth moon and on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon. Fifteen days are allowed for the new year’s holidays. Fifty days are allowed for leave of absence at the death of parents; at their burial, six days. No leave of absence is granted at the death of a scholar’s grandparents, uncles, or brothers.
Sick leave will be granted only in extreme cases, moderate illness being treated in the school, and such things as medical attendance and medicines will be provided by the school.