List of the papers, with their subjects.

argentine republic.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1 Mr. T. O. Osborn to Mr.Frelinghuysen (No. 375). 1883. April 19 Military service: Liability to, of an Argentine resident after naturalizing in the United States: full and complete explanation of the case of John T. Rowe and action of minister; further instructons, if advisable, asked from Department. 1
2 Same to same (No. 376) May 4 Argentine Congress: Annual session, opening May 4, 1883; President’s message; a fair and bright picture of national affairs, as the result of one year of quiet and peace. 2
3 Same to same (No. 377) May 9 Military expedition into Patagonia; successful engagements of, with the Indians; unfortunate I encounter with Chilian troops; favorable report of the country visited. 4
4 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. T. O. Osborn (No. 182). July 18 Military service: Liability to, of an Argentine resident after, naturalizing in the United States; Department instruction No. 168, in Rowe’s case, adhered to; United States cannot admit that Rowe, by return to his native land, resumed his Argentine allegiance; decision whether he became an alien when he naturalized in the United States cannot be submitted to an Argentine tribunal; United States hold the right of expatriation to be an inherent right. 4

austria-hungary.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
5 Mr. Taft to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 24). 1882. Nov. 20 American citizenship by naturalization: Renunciation of, by Austrians resuming residence, and doing duty in the Empire; frequency of such cases; refusal of United States consul to allow offspring of such born in Hungary to be registered as children of American citizens and to issue new passport to the father; ground of consul’s action was that the father had renounced his American citizenship; approved bv the United States minister. 5
6 Same to same (No. 26) Nov. 28 American meat: Importation of, into Austria; proposed extension of prohibition of pork to all kinds of American meats, on the ground of disease in, and poison from curing and canning process of. 6
7 Mr. Davis to Mr. Taft (No. 21). 1883. Jan. 18 American citizenship by naturalization: Renunciation of, by Austrians resuming residence and doing duty in the Empire; action of the legation reported in No. 24 approved; absence of intent of the father to return to the United States and silence as to status for fifteen years warrant refusal of renewal of passport; the question of the father’s or his children’s nationality will become proper for consideration when the father shall have resumed his American residence and duties of American citizenshin. 8
8 Same to same (No. 22) Jan. 19 American beef in Austria: Proposed extension of prohibitory measures to, because of its supposed infection of trichinae; unjusthess of, as the existence of trichinae in beef is an impossibility. 9
[Page XXVI]

correspondence with the legation of austria-hungary.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
9 Baron Schaeffer to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1882. Nov. 8 Jurisdiction of foreign consuls in American ports: Arrest of Captain Randich, of Hungarian vessel, in Philadelphia, on charge of assault on a cabin-boy, and resistance of arrest; memorandum relative to, inclosed; views of the Department requested as to applicability to this case of Article X of treatv of July 11, 1870. 9
10 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Baron Schaeffer. Nov. 10 Jurisdiction of foreign consuls in American ports: In Randich case, if assault was committed in port, it would be cognizable by the local courts; if upon the high seas, either by municipal or maritime courts; resistance of arrest in port was a cognizable breach of the peace; Department disposed to extend the provisions of Article X, as to presence of consul, to all judicial matters to which a member of the ship’s company may be party. 10
11 Baron Schaeffer to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Nov. 13 Jurisdiction of foreign consuls in American ports: Appreciates favorable action of UnitedjStates in Randich case; proposes amendment of Article X of treaty of July 11, 1870, so as to enable consular officers of either country to be present at all judicial proceedings in the courts of the other wherein any of the company of the ship of their nation mav be involved. 11
12 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Baron Schaeffer. 1883. Jan. 3 Jurisdiction of foreign consuls in the ports of the nation recognizing them: Amendment of Article X of treaty of July 11, 1870; draft of, inclosed, in sense of enabling them to be present at all judicial proceedings in the courts of the other wherein any of the company of the ship of their nation mav be involved. 11
13 Baron Schaeffer to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Feb. 19 Foreign consular jurisdiction of the internal order of the merchant vessels of their nation: Protest against prosecution of captain of Mimi P. as in violation of the treaty of July 11, 1870; that no jurisdiction should have been taken by the local court without first notifying the consul of; such course has become the adopted practice of modern times; draft of amendment of Article X will be submitted to Austrian Government. 12
14 Same to same May 19 Foreign consular jurisdiction of internal order of merchant vessels of their nation: Arrest of captain of Austrian vessel Ararat, at Philadelphia, on charge of assault arising out of act of discipline of one of the crew; such action of the court is in violation of the consular convention of July 11, 1870; request that the local authorities be instructed accordingly 14
15 Mr. Davis to Baron Schaeffer. May 19 Foreign consular jurisdiction of the internal order of the merchant vessels of their nation: As the case of the Ararat appears to be one of the maintenance of usual discipline on shipboard, to be settled by the consul, the Attorney-General has been directed to appear and ask that the case be dismissed for want of iurisdiction. 15
16 Count Weissenfeld to Mr. Davis. June 7 Foreign consular jurisdiction of the internal order of the merchant vessels of their nation: Though Department admits that occurrence on the Ararat was one for the exclusive cognizance of the consul under Article XI, still the action of the local court in refusing instructions by Attorney-General on question of jurisdiction under said treaty compels the Austrian Government to protest at such ruling, and although the captain was acquitted, requests that steps be taken to obtain a decision of this Supreme Court of the United States on this question. 16
17 Mr. Davis to Count Weissenfeld. June 27 Foreign consular jurisdiction of the internal order of the merchant vessels of their nation: The dilemma of the court in the Ararat case, in being unable to decide the question of jurisdiction under the treaty, except as a part of the defendant’s case is duly appreciated as seemingly contrary to the result contemplated in making the treaty; the case has been submitted to the Attorney-General for a construction of this treaty provision. 28
[Page XXVII]18 Baron Schaeffer to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Nov. 9 Foreign consular jurisdiction of the internal order of the merchant vessels of their nation: Requests to be informed of Attorney-General’s opinion on the Ararat case, and reply of the Department to Austria’s questions on law in Mimi P. raaps. 29
19 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Baron Schaeffer. Nov. 13 Foreign consular jurisdiction of internal order of merchant vessels of their nation: Cases of the Mimi P. and Ararat; opinion of the Attorney-General relative to, inclosed; judges of State courts bound to give effect to all treaties; to compel performance of this duty resort must be had to a writ of error from the Supreme Court; in such case as the Ararat, the question of jurist diction should be raised by plea and not under the general issue; suggests the adoption of the rule that local courts should decline to take jurisdiction of cases involving acts of mere interior discipline. 30
20 Baron Schaeffer to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Nov. 21 Foreign consular jurisdiction of the internal order of the merchant ships off their nation: Thanks for views of the united States on the questions involved in the cases of the Mimi P. and the Ararat, of which the Austro-Hungarian Government will be advised. 31

central america.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
21 Mr. Hall to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 56). 1883. Jan. 8 Proposed confederation of the CentralAmerican states: Favored by Presidents of Guatemala, Honduras, and Salvador, but not by Costa Rica and Nicaragua, and the people generally; ambition of Barrios to be president of the confederation; it one of his motives in tendering his resignation. 32
22 Same to same (No. 85) Mar. 27 Confederation of the Central American states: Project of, not likely to succeed; officials of the states in favor of; popular feeling in all but Guatemala opposed to; renunciation of aspirations for the presidency of the confederation by President Barrios; copies of publications for and against the confederation inclosed. 33
23 Same to same (No. 96) Apr. 14 Confederation of the Central American states: Projects for, never had any real support outside of Guatemala; in all other states popular sentiment opposed to it, especially against the ambition of Barrios for the presidency; no meeting of delegates will be held; Costa Rica declined to sena delegates; the project a failure; published correspondence relative to. inclosed. 54
24 Same to same (No. 101) May 4 Nicaragua interoceanic canal: Interests of Salvador in the construction of; the hope that the work may be completed and controlled by the United States; friendly manifestation of other states desired; little confidence in the success of the Panama project. 57
25 Same to same (No. 110) May 19 Nicaragua interoceanic canal: Importance of, to Salvador, it having no outlet to the Atlantic, this want would be supplied by the canal; other states will be benefited, but express no interest; they look forward to the completion of the work as an American enterprise of the United States; steps taken to obtain manifestation of all the states in favor of; copy of circular relative to, inclosed. 57
26 Same to same (No. 136) July 6 Nicaragua interoceanic canal: Action of Salvador to induce concerted action of Central American states in favor of; Honduras accepts, Costa Rica and Nicaragua decline because of boundary dispute; lack of encouragement by the United States has a disheartening effect on the enterprise; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 58
27 Same to same (No. 139) July 11 Nicaragua interoceanic canal: Boundary dispute between Costa Rica and Nicaragua an obstacle to the construction of the canal; reports on, inclosed. 61
[Page XXVIII]28 Same to same (No. 146) July 26 Nicaragua interoceanic canal: Favorable action of Guatemala on Salvador’s circular recommending that Central American states request the United States to aid in the construction of the canal; Guatemalan minister at Washington instructed to that end; correspondence inclosed. 62
29 Same to same (No. 155) Aug. 8 Interoceanic railway in Costa Rica: Foreign debt incurred on account of contract between the Government and Minor C. Keith, an American, for the arrangement of, and completion of the railway; copy of the contract inclosed. 63
30 Same to same (No. 156) Aug. 10 Interoceanic railway in Guatemala: Proposed construction of, from Santo Tomas to Guatemala City: Funds for, to be raised by levy of a personal tax on citizens; decree of the Government providing for, and inviting co-operation of the people copy of inclosed. 70
31 Mr. Titus to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 19). Oct. 25 Guatemala, extra session of the legislative assembly of: Rejection by, of the proposition of the British bondholders for the arrangement of the foreign debt; adopt a law authorizing the president and cabinet to expel all foreigners deemed pernicious; copy of decree inclosed. 72

chili.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
32 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (No. 12). 1882. June 26 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: History of, and of the efforts of the United States to aid in effecting a peace: Mr. Logan to devote his efforts, if opportune, to same end, co-operating with minister to Peru; United States recognize the right of Chili to indemnity for loss and guarantee for future peace and safety; and that Peru and Chili are independent Republics, to whom it has no rieht or wish to dictate. 74
33 Mr. Logan to Mr. Freling huysen (No. 15). Oct. 26 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Peace question; failure of arrangement for; history of, with Señor Calderon, as contained in Mr. Logan’s note to Chilian minister of foreign affairs; copy of note inclosed. 77
34 Same to same (No. 17) Oct. 31 Guano: One mi lion tons of, sold by order of Chilian Government October 18. 79
35 Same to same (No. 20) Nov. 8 Claims against Chili growing out of the war: Conventions for mixed commission for settlement of, signed with France, Germany, Great Britain and Italy; suggests similar action for benefit of United States citizens. 80
36 Same to same (No. 22) Nov. 10 Mails of United States legation to Bolivia: Interference with; copy of sentence passed upon the culprit inclosed; the term of his punishment had expired and he was discharged before his trial began; recommends that no further action be had in the case. 81
37 Same to same (No. 23) Nov. 13 Chilian Congress, special session of Report of minister of foreign affairs; extract from, inclosed; newspaper extract of portion expressing appreciation of Mr. Logan’s services in peace negotiations. 82
38 Same to same (No. 24) Nov. 15 Foreign relations of Chili: Report of minister of foreign affairs inclosed; subject of; circular relative to proposed American Congress; relations with Bolivia and the truce; relations with France as to mixed commission; relations with the united States. 85
39 Same to same (No. 35) Dec. 13 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Peace question; failure to accompany Senor Calderon to Arequipa, and report of existing state of negotiations to Vice-President Montero; copy of the communication inclosed. 85
40 Same to same (No. 38) Dec. 20 Guano and nitrates sold by Chili: Decree of the Montero government disavowing right of Chili to make sale of, because pledged to creditors of Pern; notice of intention to contest the sale and cut off creditors of Peru; copy of, inclosed. 88
[Page XXIX]41 Same to same (No. 54) 1883. Jan. 20 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Peace question; note to Vice-President Montero; object of, to inform him of the situation of affairs from Mr. Logan’s standpoint, and to obtain statement to enable refutation of Chili’s charge that Calderon had been disavowed by his own following; Montero’s reply that he will accept any terms of peace that Calderon may agree to; that he is only charged with executive power in the absence of Provisional President Calderon; correspondence inclosed. 89
42 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (telegram). Jan. 5 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: United States cannot instruct that Tarapaca, Tacna and Arica be given up for$10,000,000 by Peru; Mr. Logan and Mr. Partridge to work in unison to accomplish an end agreeable to Peru and Chili. 90
43 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 62). Feb. 10 Spain and Chili: Treaty of peace between, signed; full independence of Chili reeognized; relations between the two powers restored; salute of Chilian flag by Spanish war vessel; change of Spain’s policy towards her former colonies to a desire for closer commercial friendshin. 91
44 Same to same (No. 63) Feb. 12 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Peace negotiations; obstinacy of Sefior Calderon is producing reaction against his government; the Iglesias movement is gaining strength; “Peace Club” of Lima; the manifesto on the situation and the action of the United States minister; copy of manifesto inclosed. 91
45 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (No. 41). Mar. 23 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Review of the history of, and attempt and failure of equitable adjustment between the parties; reasserts the indisposition of the United States to dictate terms of peace; suggests settlement on basis of cession to Chili of Tarapaca and submission to arbitration the question whether additional territory shall be ceded, and if so, how much and on what terms. 92
46 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 74). Mar. 26 Claims against Chili growing out of the war: Copy of the Franco-Chilian treaty inclosed; such a treaty suggested for settlement of claims of United States citizens, with modifications as to right of commission to pass on the question of nationality of the claimant and time within which claims must be presented. 97
47 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (telegram). Apr. 2 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Peru to cede Tarapaca; government of Calderon to be recognized. 100
48 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 92). May 9 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Agreement tor peace signed by representatives of Chili and Peru; the terms of, are: cession of Tarapaca, military occupation of Tacna and Arica for ten years, at the end of that, a vote of the inhabitants is to determine to whom these districts shall belong; $10,000,000 to be paid therefor; Chili not responsible for debt except 50 per cent, of the proceeds of guano sales, according to the Chilian decree of February 9, 1882; Bolivia is to make separate truce with Chili; as soon as agreement is signed bv Iglesias peace will follow. 100
49 Same to same (No. 93) May 9 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Impracticability of carrying out instruction No. 41; Calderon will not agree to the terms of Chili, and the latter will not treat with him further; the approaching treaty with Bolivia makes Chili master of the situation and the adoption of the Iglesias government by the Peruvians is a fixed fact; Chili will not accept any settlement based on the recognition of Calderon government and arbitration of certain questions by the United States; thanks of Chili for the interest manifested by the United states. 101
50 Same to same (telegram) May 10 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Separate treaty of peace favored by Bolivia; convention between Chili and Iglesias will be signed soon on basis of that proposed to Calderon by Mr. Logan; Chili will occupy Tacna and Arica for ten years, after which the people will decide by vote to which country they will unite themselves, paying the other country ten millions; Chili renounces Calderon. 102
[Page XXX]51 Same to same (telegram) May 24 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Treaty between Chili and Iglesias signed; Chili will yield the north of Peru at once and keep an army in the center; Montero will remain in possession of the south only; peace will follow if the United States will recognize Iglesias. 103
52 Same to same (No. 103) June 7 Chilian Congress: Opening of, and message of President to; bold treatment of various issues dispelling antagonism manifest before the session; refutes the charge that Chili was not for peace; relations of church and state; civil marriage, registry, secularization of cemeteries; relations between Chili and Italy and with Spain: conv of the message inclosed. 103
53 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (No. 48). June 7 Claim of Edward C. Du Bois against Chili for seizure and destruction of property by Chilian troops: Facts stated and instructions to present for settlement. 107
54 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 104). June 18 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Arequipa congress confirms the provisional presidency of Calderon, and ratifies the protocol made by Montero with Bolivia for the cession of Arica and Tacna; this is to anticipate the separate treaty between Chili and Bolivia now deferred a third time; protocol of treaty reported as between Chili and Iglesias was not jointly signed: Iglesias only signed an agreement for such when Chili shall recognize his government; Iglesias to take possession of the north of Peru at once. 112
55 Same to same (No. 108) Excessive taxation of Americans in Peru by Chilian authorities: Chili declines to accept intervention by Mr. Logan because he is not accredited to Peru; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 113
56 Same to same (No. 113) July 2 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Treaty of peace between Chili and Peru; protocol of, signed by Iglesias; effect of, in Bolivia is to dissolve alliance of, with Montero, and make a separate treatv with Chili; copy of the protocol inclosed. 116
57 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (No. 60). July 30 Bolivia, Chili and Peru: Peace negotiations with; Mr. Logan’s efforts appreciated: by the Department; inexpedient to empower one representative to the three independent Republics; Mr. Richard Gibbs appointed minister to Bolivia and Capt. S. L. Phelps minister to Peru, with whom Mr. Losran will co-operate. 118
58 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 120). Aug. 8 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Defeat of Caceres, following closely upon signing of the protocol for peace, had crushing effect on the Montero party; increasing strength of the Iglesias movement; Calderon and Pierolista give adhesion to it. 118
59 Same to same (No. 122) Aug. 15 Joint action of European powers in South American affairs: France invites Germany, England and Italy to join in a demand on Chili for a re-affirming of good disposition toward those powers: Mr. Logan declines to join in. 119
60 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (No. 65). Aug. 31 Excessive taxation of Americans in Peru by Chilian authorities; Chili’s declination of Mr. Logan’s intervention cannot be assented to by the United States; his duty to apply to Chili for redress of all injuries to Americans by Chili wherever located; minister to Peru wiil take such action as circumstances require. 120
61 Same to same (No. 67) Sept. 14 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war Treaty of peace between Chili and Peru; protocol of, signed by Iglesias; copy of instruction No. 8, to Mr. Phelps, on the subiect, inclosed. 120
62 Same to same (No. 72) Oct. 3 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Proposed joint action of France, England and Germany in settlement of; refusal of Mr. Logan to take part in, approved. 120
63 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 146). Nov. 1 Peace question between Bolivia, Chili, and Peru: Iglesias treaty: Chili does not desire to increase her demand; United States have no ground of objection to the debt provisions of the treaty, and ought to be the first power to recognize the Iglesias government. 121
[Page XXXI]

correspondence with the legation of chili.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
64 Mr. Godoy to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1783. July 22 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Political condition of Peru; the principal impediments to the consolidation of the Iglesias Government removed through the complete dispersion of the troops under Chief Caceres. 122
65 Same to same Oct. 29 Bolivia, Chili and Peru war: Surrender of Arequipa, and Iglesias proclaimed, and his Government exercising authority throughout Peru. 122

china.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
66 Mr. Young to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 34). 1882. Oct. 10 Opium trade: Supression of, desired by China, and opposed by Great Britain; with the former it is a moral question, with the latter a fiscal; Great Britain unwilling to relinquish this large source of revenue to the Indian budget derived from opium trade; moral support of United States evidenced by treaty; interview with Li-Hung Chang. 123
67 Same to same (No. 43) Oct. 18 Rights of foreigners to manufacture in China: Project by Mr. Wetmore, an American, to establish a cotton-yarn factory; denunciation of, by superintendent of northern trade as illegal and as an infringement of a monopoly for the manufacture of cotton cloth granted to a Chinese company; the completion of the enterprise forbidden; note to Prince Kung asserting Mr. Wetmore's right under the treaty to complete his factory; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 129
68 Same to same (No. 64) Nov. 28 Submarine cables in China: Permission to Russell & Co. to lay cable from Shanghai to Hong-Kong refused by the Chinese Government because such concession would conflict with an exclusive right by the Great Northern Telegraph Company, and contravene the policy adopted by the great western powers in such matters; correspondence inclosed. 142
69 Same to same (No. 69) Dec. 6 Rights of foreigners to manufacture in treaty ports of China: Interference with the formation of Mr. Wetmore's cotton-yarn factory; arrest of an agent of the company on pretext of complicity in the Tai-Ping rebeUion; action of officials in this case and that of enjoining of establishment of a silk-reeling factory by Russell & Co. justified on the ground that the treaty does not confer right of manufacture on foreigners, and that such establishment would infringe on monopolies already granted to Chinese companies; joint note of the diplomatic body to Prince Kung insisting on treaty rights. 152
70 Same to same (No. 74) Dec. 12 Naval school at Tien-Tsin: Proclamation of Li Hung Chang showing progress of Chinese in naval education, and methods employed in education of their cadets. 169
71 Same to same (No. 78) Dec. 18 Corea and its relations with other nations: Conservative spirit of the people opposed to; liberal sentiments of the King in favor of; proclamation attributed to him, inclosed. 170
72 Same to same (No. 85) Dec. 26 Corea and China: Commercial treaty between; copy, and analysis of, inclosed; superior advantages secured to China in the concession of extraterritoriality; provisions of, generally a divergence from the spirit of existing treaties with western powers; their objections to; with them the object is political, with the United States it is commercial, while the policy of Russia is to open overland trade and thereby limit seaboard trade; importance of prompt ratification of the Schufeldt treaty, as the action of the United States will be followed by England and Germany. 172
[Page XXXII]73 Same to same (No. 94) Jan. 4 Right of foreigners to manufacture in China: The interdict by authorities of Shanghai of the manufacture of silk filatures by Russell & Co. no longer enforced; the paralyzing effect of this interference on investment of native capital in such enterprises practically abrogates the treaty, and prevents a revival or extension of manufactures at the foreign ports until some remedy is devised. 180
74 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Young (No. 77). Jan. 19 Chinese immigration act of 1882: Chinese passengers, not immigrants, intending to be laborers in the United States, are not within the restrictions of said act. 180
75 Mr. Young to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 115). Jan. 29 Opium trade: Difficulty of suppressing; importance of, to England, as a source of revenue to India; great extent of its consumption; extracts from Indian papers of arguments in favor of; the only mode of effecting the reform is by agitation of public opinion in England; prospect of an embassv from China to that end. 181
76 Same to same (No. 116) Jan. 30 Right of foreigners to manufacture in China: Reply of China to joint note of foreign powers; 1st, general objection to foreigners exercising, and the effect of the extraterritoriality provision of treaty would place such interests beyond the control of China; 2d, that the treaty does not confer right to ownership in results of manufacture, but only the right to labor in such industry; 3d, that in case of the cotton-yarn company there would be a contravention of the monopoly granted to Chinese company. 187
77 Same to same (No. 120) Feb. 4 Right of foreigners to manufacture in China: The question of, no longer treated by China as one of construction by the treaty, but as one of danger to the revenues of the Government and laboring interests, resulting in beggary and crime of laboring classes; Wetmore’s case pressed on its merits for the personal injury to his business, apart from the general question of the construction of the treaty; correspondence 191
78 Same to same (No. 121) Feb. 5 China’s progress towards Western civilization: Exemplification of, in the establishment and growth of the Chinese Engineering and Mining Company in province of Chihli, under the patronage of Viceroy Li; despite the opposition of Pekin officials the small railroad thus constructed is the nucleus of a great system of railroads; report on the railroad, canal, mining, manufacturing, telegraph and telephone enterprise conducted by said company, inclosed. 197
79 Same to same (No. 150) Mar. 14 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Transit of laborers through United States; action of Congress relative to; instructions of Department and opinion of Attorney-General will strengthen China’s estimate of United States’ sense of justice to China. 201
80 Same to same (No. 151) Mar. 15 Japan and China: Serious complications between; only wisdom and patience can save them from war; gunboats building at Shanghai and FooChow. 202
81 Same to same (No. 154) Mar. 17 Emigration of China: Not practicable for China as a relief from its over-population, because of Chinese unfithess for colonization; reopening of Portuguese nort of Macao to emigration. 203
82 Same to same (No. 207) May 31 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Construction of, as to issue of certificates of identification of Chinese laborers returning to United States; decision of the legation that Chinese consul in Japan is competent to issue such certificate. 204
83 Mr. Davis to Mr. Young (No. 148). July 19 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Construction of, as to power of Chinese consul in Japan to issue certificates of identification; legation’s views on the subject approved; in view of any question as to the validity, China should give its consuls express authority to issue such certificates. 205
[Page XXXIII]84 Mr. Young to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 235). Aug. 18 Right of foreigners to manufacture in China: Further discussion by foreign office and diplomatic body useless; China adheres to its position that the treaties do not create; that the unauthorized exercise of, does not establish a prescriptive right; that treaty has been always duly observed; that the exercise of, claimed, would injure the laboring class and reduce the revenue; diplomatic body reasserts its position denying the contention of the foreign ofhce; correspondence inclosed. 206
85 Same to same (No. 244) Aug. 30 Disturbance in Canton: Cause of, the indiscretion of European residents, and result, loss of life and personal violence; forbearance of the Chinese authorities shown in the promptitude with which the Viceroy intervened to restore order and secure the interests and safety of the foreign Settlement correspondance inclosed. 209
86 Same to same (No. 251) Sept. 7 China’s progress towards Western civilization: Illustration of, in the proposed establishment of a line of steamers to run from Shanghai to Tien-Tsin, to be owned and managed by Chinese; newspaper extract relative to, inclosed; purpose of the China Merchants’ Steam Navigation Company to open commercial relations with European and American ports. 211

correspondence with the legation of china.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
87 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Cheng Tsao Ju. 1883. Jan. 6 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Construction of, adopted by the United States; that Chinese laborer coming to, merely to pass through the country, being neither an immigrant nor a laborer coming as such, is not within the prohibition of the law; identification to be attested by certificate or other proof of status of persons in transit to be regulated by Treasury Department. 212
88 Same to same Feb. 2 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Construction of as to transit of Chinese laborers through the United States; circular of the Treasury Department, setting out the conditions under which such transit may be accomplished, inclosed. 213
89 Mr. Cheng Tsao Ju to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Feb. 5 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Construction of, as to transit; assents generally to provisions and rules for transit of Chinese laborers through the United States embodied in Treasury circular, except that Rule 3 will be liable to misconstruction by people in foreign, countries who desire to contract for Chinese laborers in large bodies: cites regulations in force in China respecting Chinese emigration. 214
90 Mr. Frelinguysen to Mr. Cheng Tsao Ju. Feb. 23 Chinese immigration act of May 6, 1882: Construction of Rule 3 of the Treasury circular relative to the transit of Chinese laborers through the United States; Treasury Department is of the opinion that no inquiry coula be made into the character of persons affected by the circular, except that they are laborers in transit over the territory of the United States and in charge of an agent. 215
91 Mr. Cheng Tsao Ju to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Oct. 2 Right of foreigners to manufacture in the treaty portsof China: Contentionof the diplomatic body that such right is secured by the treaty: views on, oftheTsungli Yamen and memorandum relative to submitted; that the treaties do not confer the light to manufacture, but only to employ labor; the exercise of such right would reduce the revenues of the Gorernment, and deprive laboring class of employment; that no claim of such right was made until 1881, and propositions for temporary trial aie evidence that such contention is not provided for in the treaty; views of the United States requested. 215
[Page XXXIV]

colombia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
92 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 22). 1882. Sept. 7 Panama Canal Company: Purchase by, of all the stock of the Panama Railway Company; upon this, an act recommended that a reclamation be instituted by Colombia against the Panama Canal Company for damages to the railway company by the canal; subject not likely to be acted on promptly by the Senate. 217
93 Same to same (No. 24) Sept. 15 Panama Interoceanic Canal: History of, and importance of to Colombia and the United States; duty of the United States to guarantee the neutrality of; the inconsistency of the claims of France and Great Britain to join such guaranty. 220
94 Same to same (No. 28) Sept. 23 Financial: Colombian Congress authorizes the President to contract with the De Lesseps Canal Company for one million one-dollar silver coins; company to receive 4 per cent, on gross amount introduced. 222
95 Same to same (No. 33) Oct. 2 Custody of ships’ papers in Colombian ports: History of the question and the modifications in the law of; resulted in the law of 1879, conceding the rights of foreign consuls to; operation of law defealed local requirement of Panama, that ship masters must obtain certificates from various state officials of a clearance for sailing; correspondence with minister of foreign affairs relative to, and conceding the supremacy of the federal or the local edict, inclosed. 223
96 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Scruggs (No. 31). Nov. 10 Custody of foreign ships’ papers in Colombian ports: Satisfaction of the Department that the discussion of the question is so near its close; trust that the minister’s action will result in removing the discordance at Colon and Panama between federal and local requirements on this question. 226
97 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 54). Dec. 20 Plain of Bogota: Topography and climatic peculiarities of; beauty and inexhaustible resources of; capacity to yield every variety of product of the three zones; religion and characteristics of the aborigines. 227
98 Same to same (No. 55) Dec. 23 Death of President Zaldua: His rare attainments and fine abilities; reputation as a great political leader appointment ofof a new cabinet. 230
99 Mr. Davis to Mr. Scruggs (No. 40). 1883. Jan. 22 Custody of foreign ships’ papers in Colombian ports: Copy ot note from British minister in United States to be used in conference with British minister to Colombia on this question inclosed. 231
100 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Scruggs (No. 43). Feb. 5 Death ot President Zaldua: Condolences by the President and people of the United States to the Government and people of Colombia; note acknowledging a note from Sefior Perez inclosed. 231
101 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 63). Feb. 8 Political: By the constitution, the vacancy in the Presidency by the death of Zaldua is filled by the election of three vice-presidents; on failure of these the executive duty is assumed by the Procurador-General; Señor Otolara is now President. 232
102 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Scruggs (No. 51). Mar. 6 Custody of foreign ships’ papers in Colombian ports: Report that the law is applied without disciimination; the position of Colon and Panama as mere transit stations demands that there should be a simpler and less rigid enforcement of the custom rules for the entrance and clearance of steamers. 233
103 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Freling-huysen (No. 80). Apr. 9 Panama Iuteroceamc Canal: Report of foreign office relative to purchase by it of stock of Panama Railway and rights of Colombia growing out of; necessity of guaranty of neutrality of thecanal; right and duty of Colombia to seek such guaranty where she pleases. 234
104 Same to same (No. 82) Apr. 18 Arbitration treaty between Colombia and Salvador for settlement of all disputes that may arise that cannot be adjusted diplomatically; the President of the United States to be the arbitrator if none named in the convention. 236
[Page XXXV]105 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 87). May 30 Custody of foreign ships’ papers in Colombian ports: Colombian executive will try to induce Congress to so reform the law as to require but one transaction before the consul and the administrator of the port in order to the clearance of American steamers; correspondence with the foreign office inclosed. 237
106 Same to same (No. 91) June 19 Panama Interoceanic Canal Company: Construction of article 8 of Salgar-Wyse contract; discussion as to its contemplating the obligation of tbe canal company paying the expense of protecting the canal while the construction is incomplete. 239
107 Mr. Davis to Mr. Scruggs (No. 72). June 30 Custody of foreign ships’ papers in Colombian ports: Satisfaction of the Department at the disposition of Colombia to secure legislative action relieving vessels from the hardships now imposed on them by Colombian law. 240
108 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 103). Aug. 6 Panama Canal Company: Loan by, to Colombia of a half million dollars without security or guaranty. 240

corea.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
109 Mr. Foote to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 6). 1883. May 24 Treaty with the United States, ratification of, by Corea: Assent to modification of Article VI of; description of country and people, and United States minister’s reception by Corea and her officials. 241
110 Same to same (No. 7) May 25 Presentation of minister to King of Corea: Remarks of King in reply to address of minister; manner and presence of the monarch described; his interest in the conclusion of the treaty. 243
111 Same to same No.10) June 29 Location of legation in Corea: Selection of site of; description of the, habitation; members of household. Extremes of heat and cold; markets, &c. 244
112 Same to same (No. 14) July 13 Corean embassy to the United States: Composed of officials of highest rank; object of, to learn of customs and postal service, public school and military and naval systems of the United States; to confer with the President on the relations existing between Corea and other Oriental nowers. 244
113 Same to same (No. 24) Aug. 21 Corea: Its history, geography, climate, government, natural resources, and relations with China; report on, by Mr. Foote inclosed. 245
114 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Foote (No. 19). Aug. 30 Embassy from Corea to visit the United States: Gratification of the President, and his assurance that every consideration will be given to secure the accomplishment of their mission and the cultivation of amicable relations with the Kingdom of Tah-Chosun. 248
115 The King of Tah-Chosun to President Arthur. July 14 Treaty between Corea and the United States: Establishment of friendly relations; credentials of Corean embassy; presentation to the President, and addresses of embassy and the President. 248

denmark.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
116 Mr. Ryder to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 7). 1882. Dec 23 Assisted emigration to the United States: The shipment of Jansen, a criminal, prevented by the prompt action of the United States charge d’affaires, who declined to give an interpretation of the act of Conerress of 1875. 25
117 Mr. Davis to Mr. Ryder (No.7). 1883. Jan. 23 Assisted emigration to the United States: Action of the legation in preventing the shipment of Jansen, and declining to construe the act of Congress relative to such cases, approved; in cases of assistance to emigration of convicts or dependent paupers, the fact should be brought to the attention of the Government to which the legation is accredited. 251
[Page XXXVI]118 Mr. Kyder to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 15). Apr. 28 Live swine from the United States: Proposal by Denmark to Germany to prohibit the importation of, if the latter will renew its late restriction on importation of, from Denmark; Denmark will do nothing tending to disturb its commercial relations with the United States. 252
119 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 12). July 27 Allegiance to Denmark: Oath of, by foreign residents doing business in St. Thomas; question of the operation of this law between Great Britain and Denmark. 253

france.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
120 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morton (No. 174). 1882. Oct. 6 International conference for the protection of submarine cables: Minister to attend as representative of the United States; full powers will be sent; no convention to be signed in the mean time. 253
121 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 250). Nov. 9 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; report on, of delegates of the United States, inclosed; also, a draft of a protocol for a convention, to be submitted for acceptance, rejection or modification. 254
122 Same to same (No. 266) Dec. 6 French colonial extensions: Cession to France in Congo of territory and hereditary rights by King Makoko; assumption by France of protection of the Kingdom; establishment of a French post; convention for, ratified by the French Chambers; genuineness of the agreement denied by Stanley; copy of translation of convention inclosed. 259
123 Same to same (No. 283) 1883. Jan. 12 Death of Leon Gambetta: Profound sensation of loss to France; his warm admiration of the United States, and appreciation of its principles and institutions; his unfulfilled desire to visit the United States. 261
124 Same to same (No. 289) Jan. 29 Destitute Americans in France: Application of French officials for aid to Mr. Kingston, in hospital of Kennes, who will not be kept as a charge bv the French authorities. 262
125 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 230). Feb. 26 Death of Leon Gambetta: Sentiments of Mr. Morton’s 283 commended; Gambetta’s eminent services to France and devotion to popular government command the respect and admiration of friendly nations, and make his premature death retrretted as a national calamity. 263
126 Same to same (No. 247) Apr. 4 Foreign debt of Venezuela: Copy of instruction concerning, addressed to United States legations at London, The Hague, Copenhagen, Madrid and Berlin inclosed. 264
127 Mr. Morton to Mr. frelinghuysen (No. 324). Apr. 4 American pork: Decree prohibiting the importation of; chambers of commerce of Bordeaux, Havre, Paris and Marseilles favor the repeal of; appeal and arguments of Mr. Morton to minister of foreign affairs for revocation of the decree. 264
128 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 253). Apr. 7 International conference for the protection of submarine cables: Draft of proposed convention received; Mr. Morton to sign the same on behalf of the United States. 265
129 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 333). Apr. 13 American pork: Decree prohibiting the importation of, still unrepealed; department of commerce to guard against effects of trichinae in; contemplate the organization of a system of subjecting all American salted meats to a freezing process upon their entry into France. 265
130 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 267). Apr. 26 American pork: Prohibition of importation of; copy of petition to minister of commerce by French importers, relative to, received; regarded as indicating tendency of sound opinion in France. 267
131 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morton (telegram). May 25 Death of Senator Laboulaye: Minister to convey to family of, condolence and sympathy of the United States. 268
[Page XXXVII] 132 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 350). May 31 Death of Senator Laboulaye: Among his deserved titles was his right to the gratitude of the American people as the devoted friend of America; large and distinguished attendance at his funeral. 268
133 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 294). June 22 American pork importation: Prohibitive decree against; invitation to Germany to send commission to examine hog raising and packing in United States; copy of instruction to Berlin relative to inclosed; would be agreeable to United States if France would send a representative with such commission. 270
134 Mr. Brulatour to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 370). July 12 Naturalization in United States: Effect of, on status of children of; refusal of the legation to issue passports to minor sons of George Schmidt, because they have never been residents of the United States. 270
135 Same to same (No. 371) July 17 American pork: Commission to investigate the operations of hog raising and packing in the United States; France has been informed, of the President’s intention to appoint such a commission. 272
136 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Brulatour (No. 317). July 21 Primary schools in Gaboon, West Africa: Compulsory use of French language in; decree of France for that purpose; effect will embarrass the work of the Presbyterian Church foreign mission in that country: French foreign office to he conferred with for a modification of the decree. 272
137 Same to same (No. 321) July 30 Naturalization in the United States: Effect of, on minor sons who have never resided in the United States; they are not citizens thereby; action of the legation in refusing application of the Schmidt brothers on that ground approved. 274
138 Mr. Brulatour to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 382). Aug. 1 American nationality: Attestation of, by passport or certificate; application of Eugene Verdelet for, on the ground, of the naturalization of his father in United States and his subsequent residence and death in France, all prior to applicant’s birth; French law requires such certificate attesting the maintenance of such nationality, otherwise he will be deemed a French subject; application not complied with by the legation. 275
139 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 403). Sept. 12 Lafayette: Erection at Le Puy of bronze statue to the memory of; account of the unveiling of, and ceremonies attendant; attendance of United States minister, and happy relations between France and the United States manifested. 277
140 Same to same (No. 408) Sept. 18 Primary schools in Gaboon. Africa: Compulsory use of French language in; decree of French Government for that purpose; minister of foreign affairs’s reply to application for modification of decree that it cannot be granted, but that steps will be taken to tolerate the simultaneous use of the French language with the local dialects: correspondence relative to, inclosed. 280
141 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 358). Oct. 1 Lafayette: Unveiling of a statue in memory of; Mr. Morton’s attendance and participation in the ceremonies of the occasion approved. 282
142 Same to same (No. 359) Oct. 1 International conference for the protection of submarine cables: Full powers of Mr. Morton and Mr. Vignaud as delegates to, inclosed. 282
143 Same to same (No. 364) Oct. 9 American pork: Prohibitive measures against importation of; personnel of commission appointed by President to report on charge of unsoundness of. 282
144 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 425). Oct. 21 American pork: Decree prohibiting the importation of; withdrawal or decree requested; copy of minister’s communication relative to, inclosed. 283
145 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 377). Nov. 9 American nationality: Attestation of, either by passport or certificate, cannot be issued to Verdelet, merely because of the naturalization of his father as a citizen of the United States who subsequently resumed his residence, and died in France prior to the birth of the applicant. 285
146 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 441). Nov. 10 International conference for the protection of submarine cables: Convention for, signed; copy of, and report of Mr. Morton and Mr. Vignaud, inclosed. 285
[Page XXXVIII]147 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 379). Nov. 13 American pork products: Prohibition of importation by Greece; copy of dispatch from Mr. Schuyler relative to, inclosed; Greece has followed precedent made by France. 291
148 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 445). Nov. 15 American pork importation: Decree of prohibition of; delay in withdrawal of decree due to late reports of new epidemic of trichinosis in Germany; will be definitely determined before meeting of United States Congress. 292
149 Same to same (No. 452) Nov. 29 American pork importation: Decree prohibiting, unconditionally repealed; important aid of Mr. Vignaud in effecting this result. 292
150 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 400). Dec. 13 International conference for the protection of submarine cables: Action of Mr. Morton and Mr. Vignaud as delegates to, commended. 294

correspondence with the legation of france.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
151 Mr. Roustan to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1882. Sept. 27 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; co-operation of the United States desired upon basis of memorandum submitted: designation of delegates requested. 294
152 Same to same Oct. 9 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; minister of foreign affairs has been informed of the appointment of Mr. Morton and Mr. Vignaud as United States delegates to; principal powers have signified their adhesion to. 296
153 Same to same Nov. 20 Reorganization of justice in Tunis under the protectorate of France; requests of United States the renunciation of right of extraterritoriality of its citizens in Tunis. 296
154 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Roustan. Nov. 23 Reorganization of justice in Tunis: Relinquishment of exterritorial right of United States citizens can only be made by Congress; subject will be submitted to that body for determination. 297
155 Mr. Roustan to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Nov. 23 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; protocol for convention to be submitted to the different powers; requests adhesion of United States as promptly as may be. 298
156 Same to same 1883. June 4 Reorganization of justice in Tunis: Requests relinquishment by United States of right of extraterritoriality as to its citizens; copy of decree of France and of the Bey of Algiers relative to, inclosed. 298
157 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Roustan. July 3 Reorganization of justice in Tunis: Question of relinquishment by the United States of right of extraterritoriality as to its citizens in Tunis is pending before Congress; its decision relative to, will be promptly notified. 303
158 Mr. Denaut to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Sept. 12 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; reassembling of, October 15, 1883, proposed; assent to, of the United States requested. 308
159 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Denaut. Sept. 22 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; project of a convention for; delegates of the United States have been instructed to join in. 304
160 Mr. Denaut to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Dec. 3 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; delay of three months in signing the final agreement, within which time amendment may be submitted; copies of the proceedings inclosed. 304
161 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Denaut. Dec. 6 Submarine cables: International conference for the protection of; United States is prepared to sign convention for, on the day fixed. 305
[Page XXXIX]

germany.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
162 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 74). 1882. Nov. 6 American pork: Restriction on the importation of, to be enlarged; bill to be submitted to the Reichstag will affect not only the importation of sausages and chopped meat, but also hams and live swine; it is assumed that all American swine are diseased, and this measure is justified on sanitary grounds; press comments showing the objections to the bill in the hardshins on the consumers, inclosed. 305
163 Same to same (No. 77) Nov. 13 American pork: Proposed bill for the wholesale prohibition of the importation of; effect of, on trade of Germany and the subsistence of the poorer classes; measure due to the interested motives of the native producers of pork; articles from Berlin Tribune relative to, inclosed. 307
164 Same to same (No. 79) Nov. 13 National debts of European powers: The result of extraordinary expenditures for purpose of armament, and the financial war conducted by France; disarmament or bankruptcy are the alternatives; extracts from European press inclosed, reflecting on France’s responsibility for this state of affairs. 311
165 Same to same (No. 81) Nov. 20 Opening of the Prussian Parliament: Speech of His Majesty; it refers to the increased activity of industries as due to trade legislation and favorable harvests; deficit in treasury, from the rejection of financial plans at last session; loan and plans for increased revenue; development of railway and canal systems; abolition of four lowest grades of class tax recommended. 313
166 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 66). Nov. 28 American pork, importation of, into Germany: Renewed agitation of prohibition of; proposed bill to be submitted to the Reichstag extending the restriction to all live swine, and the products of; minister instructed to oppose the measure and show Germany its groundlessness and injustice. 318
167 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 85). Dec. 11 American pork: Proposed ordinance will prohibit importation from the United States of pigs, pork, bacon and sausages; abolishes law of 1880; its adoption urged as a sanitary measure; Hamburg merchants memorialize the Bundesrath as to bad effect of such restriction on trade and the poorer classes of consumers; propriety of action of Congress to impress upon Germany the falsity of the charge that all American swine are in diseased condition. 319
168 Same to same (No. 87) Dec. 18 American pork: Proposed prohibitory ordinance’ relative to; opposition to its adoption by merchants and the Progressist party; soundness of reasons assigned for it denied; power by Bundesrath to make such ordinance without sanction of Reichstag questioned; interpellation to be made in the Reichstag on these points. 323
169 Same to same (No. 90) 1883. Jan. 1 American pork: Opposition to prohibition of, increasing; claim that its adoption as a sanitary measure known to be a pretense; it is in the interest of the native proprietors, who are not able to successfully compete in the market with the American products; this development of widespread opposition is likely to hasten the adoption of the ordinance to escape effect of further discussion. 324
170 Same to same (No. 95) Jan. 8 Leon Gambetta: Death of so distinguished statesman and patriot a national calamity to France; his sentiments on rights and foreign interests of his country made him an object of special interest to other nations; while he lived there was no feeling of security that he would not precipitate a war with Germany; that nation now regards his death as a pledge of peace for Europe, but pays generous tribute to his abilities and love of country. 326
171 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 74). Jan. 12 American pork importation: Mr. Sargent to take all necessary steps to cause the abandonment of the proposed restrictive measures. 327
[Page XL]172 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 96). Jan. 13 American pork: Prohibition of importation of, by proposed bill; discussion of, in the Reichstag upon an interpellation by the Progressist party; demonstrates the want of just ground for its passage, as also lack of power in the Federal Council to adopt it; still the Government will probably pass it; the only ones favoring it are the Bundesrath and the hog-breeders of Germany. 328
173 Same to same (No. 99) Jan. 22 Treaty of naturalization and citizenship with the United States: The new one proposed should contain provision that a residence by an American ten years abroad terminates his American citizenship; the law of Germany contains provisions of that character; new treaty should be adapted to the application of this principle to Alsace and Lorraine; copy of the German law inclosed. 330
174 Same to same (No. 107) Feb. 10 Contributions from United States to sufferers in inundated districts of Germany: Receipt of, from San Francisco, acknowledged by direction of the Emperor and taken as added proof of the; friendly relations between the two countries. 333
175 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (telegram). Feb. 15 American pork: President invites Germany to send a commission of experts to United States to examine raising and packing of hogs for food purposes. 335
176 Same to same (No. 87) Feb. 16 American pork: Proposed prohibition of, from Germany; unsoundness of grounds for; President invites Germany to send a commission of experts to examine question of hog raising and packing in the United States; that action on prohibitory measures may meanwhile be delayed. 335
177 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 109). Feb. 17 American pork: Prohibition of the importation of; minister of foreign affairs informed of the President’s invitation to Germany to send expert commission to the United States to examine hog raising and packing industries; reply that he wishes documents and further information on the subject, but makes no decisive answer to President’s invitation. 338
178 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 88). Feb. 21 American pork: Proposed prohibitory legislation against the importation of; the discussion of, in the Reichstag as a hopeful sign; proposition for an expert commission from Germany approved. 338
179 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 111). Feb. 24 American pork: Prohibition of the importation of; approval of decree by Bundesraht; minister requests answer to President’s invitation; correspondence inclosed. 339
180 Same to same (No. 112) Feb. 26 Naturalized Americans: Effect of renaturalization of, in Germany, on the status of their offspring born in the United States; decision by the legation not to intervene in cases of Scheibert and Staarbach, held for military service, for the reason that they are deemed to have become German citizens at the renaturalisation of parents, being minors, and in Germany at the time; question submitted to the Department. 342
181 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 8 American pork: Expert commission for examination of question; invitation of United States not replied to action of Bundesrath adverse. 348
182 Same to same (No. 120) Mar. 12 Colonization scheme for Germany: Discussed in the interest of trade, to save the expense of maintenance of its criminals, and as a relief from overpopulation through immigration; most of territory suitable for such purposes already occupied; expense of such a scheme; fallacy of the proposition on which the project is built; self-interest, and hot patriotism, is the motive which prompts immigrants; United States will continue as in the past to receive the bulk of German immigration. 349
183 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 14 American pork: Germany declines to send expert commission or suspend prohibitory decree. 355
184 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No 98). Mar. 14 American pork: Proposed bill for prohibition in Germany; letter of Armour & Co., relative to, inclosed. 355
[Page XLI]185 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 99). Mar. 14 American port: Decree prohibiting importation of; President’s invitation to send expert commission to United States; action of Mr. Sargent in presenting matter approved in that which touches the operation of laws of international trade, but an intimation of retaliation by this Government in the event of a refusal by Germany is going beyond the intention of the President. 356
186 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 121). Mar. 15 American pork: Importation of, prohibited; reply of Germany to United States proposal of expert commission sent to German minister at Washington; ordinance will not be suspended pending action of German minister; unless measures of reprisal are adopted by Congress, the next step will be the exclusion of American lard. 357
187 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 100). Mar. 16 Naturalized Americans: Effect of renaturalization of, in Germany on the status of their offspring born in the United States; decision of the legation not to interfere in cases of Scheibert and Staarbach, held for military service, because they are deemed to have become German citizens at the renaturalization of their parents, they being minors, and in Germany at that time, fully approved and commended by the Department. 358
188 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 122). Mar. 19 American pork: Decree of the Bundesrath excluding the same; extract from Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, showing regulations proposed to enforce the decree; suspected evasion of the decree by indirect shipments; members of the Reichstag opposed to the ordinance; testimony of physicians and others in favor of American pork. 359
189 Same to same (No. 123) Mar. 19 Socialism in Europe: Spread of crime resulting from its teachings; late dynamite outrage in London will lead to plan for an international league of great powers for the prevention and punishment of such crimes, which make warfare against mankind under the guise of political agitation. 361
190 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 102½). Mar. 31 France and Venezuela: Dispute between, as to foreign debt of the latter; history of, reviewed; proposition for settlement of; United States to act as receiver of the funds for payment of foreign debt: views of Germany on, requested. 364
191 Same to same (No. 108) Apr. 11 American pork: Importation of, as affected by the ordinance and regulations of prohibition; their bearing upon Article V of treaty of May 1, 1882, will be considered and special instruction sent. 369
192 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 135). Apr. 13 American pork: Prohibition of importation of; report of deaths at Tilsit from trichinae in; investigation of, by order of United States ister, resulted in showing its falsity and the unfriendly spirit of Germany in giving credit to such statement, instigated by native hog-breeders; disposition of the Reichstag opposed to exclusion of American pork. 370
193 Same to same (No. 137) Apr. 13 American pork: Ordinance prohibiting the importation of; Mr. Sargent asserts that in his note to Count Hatzfelt he sought to present every reason that could influence Germany to avert the prohibitory decree; allusion to action of Congress was not suggested as dependent on Germany’s acceptance of the President’s proposition. 374
194 Same to same (No. 141) Apr. 19 Political: Special message of the Emperor to the Reichstag, urging the speedy passage of appropriation bills to expedite his socialistic plans in the interest of working classes, such as the accident insurance law, which failed in last session; sentiment of the Reichstag and press opposed to this action as an invasion of the rights of the Reichstag. 375
195 Same to same (No. 145) Apr. 28 American pork: Foreign press comments on minister’s action; injustice of, and correction in misstatements by, made; extract inclosed. 377
196 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 116). May 4 American pork, prohibition of importation of: Action or minister in the reported case of trichinosis in Tilsit approved. 379
[Page XLII] 197 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 146). May 4 American pork: Foreign press comments on Mr. Sargent’s action on; explanation by German newspapers of; extracts inclosed. 379
198 Same to same (No. 147) May 5 American pork: Presentation of Department instruction No. 99 on the subject to the German foreign office; satisfaction that United States does not desire to discuss internal affairs of the Empire. 381
199 Same to same (No. 153) May 14 Political: Increased opposition to socialistic measures proposed by the Emperor; motion in the Reichstag by the Progressist party to refer the appropriation bills to a committee adopted; this is equivalent to a rejection of the budget bill; the opposition regard the passage of the bill as tending to render the executive more independent of the legislative power. 382
200 Same to same (No. 155) May 19 American pork, prohibition of importation of: Continued discussion of, and severe comments on the North German Gazette, have caused that paper to attempt a justification of its course by reasserting the necessity of the prohibition oil sanitary grounds; that the trade interests on the subject are not sufficient to warrant so much discussion. 383
201 Same to same (No. 157) May 21 American pork: Exclusion from Germany; refers to article in German press relative to correspondence. 385
202 Mr. Davis to Mr. Sargent (No. 119). May 23 American pork, impending prohibition of imports of: Mr. Sargent’s report on; embarrassment resulting from action of German papers due to a wilful perversion of the facts by an unfriendly journal. 385
203 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 163). June 15 Venezuelan debts: Desire of Germany to agree to whatever the other interested nations approve of with due regard to its treaty rights. 386
204 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (No. 141). July 25 American pork: Prohibition of importation of, by decree of the Reichstag; request of the United States for postponement of proclamation of the act; proposition for commission of experts to investigate pork packing in the United States; copy of German minister’s note relative to, inclosed, showing reasons for rejecting proposal and refusal to postpone operation of the decree. 387
205 Same to same (No. 156) Oct. 9 American pork: Prohibition of the importation of; commission to investigate and settle the charge of unhealthfulness in American pork appointed by the President; personnel of the commission. 389
206 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 201). Oct. 15 American pork: Exclusion of, from Germany’s although the prohibition has been in force long enough to exhaust the supply of American pork the prevalence of trichinosis in many districts justifies the conclusion that it is caused by the consumption of German or some other than American pork, and no longer possible to ascribe to the United States the existence of such disease. 389
207 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Sargent (telegram). Oct. 20 Pork commission: Trichina cases reported in Germany; investigation of, and report on, by consuls requested for. 390
208 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 203). Oct. 20 Naturalized Americans: Liability of, to military service in Germany; questions arising in and principles involved are practically settled; report of cases arising and disposed of during the year ending October, 1883. inclosed. 390
209 Same to same (No. 204) Oct. 20 American pork in Germany: Exclusion of, does not protect the consumers of pork from epidemic of trichinosis; additional evidence in the prevalence of that disease in Prussia despite the fact of the enforcement of prohibition long enough to have exhausted the supply of American pork. 395
210 Same to same (No. 205) Oct. 22 Trichinosis in Germany: Investigation of, and report on; consul at Brunswick instructed to act on promptly. 397
211 Same to same (No. 208) Oct. 26 American pork in Germany: Trichinosis, origin, extent, and spread of; report on, by Consul Fox demonstrates that American pork is exonerated from charge of being cause of; that the inspection laws of Germany are insufficient; and all disease is due to eating pork not properly cooked; report inclosed. 398
[Page XLIII]212 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 213). Nov. 5 American pork in Germany: Trichinosis in districts of; additional evidence of the ravages of, and all in vindication of the healthfulness of American pork. 401
213 Same to same (No. 214) Nov. 12 American pork in Germany: Epidemic of trichinosis in Eumesleben; progress and condition of; contributions made for the relief of the sufferers. 402
214 Same to same (No. 218) Dec. 1 Trichinosis in Germany: Investigation of, in city of Thorn by United States consular agent proves that disease was caused by the use of native pork. 403

correspondence with the legation of germany.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
215 Mr. Von Eisendecher to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1883. May 2 American pork: Proclamation of decree prohibiting importation of; request of Mr. Sargent to postpone cannot be granted; enactment necessary on sanitary grounds, and is closely connected with the internal institutions of Germany, with which other nations have no right to interfere; Germany does not make such requests of other nations in like cases; the action of the proposed commission could effect no change in the judgment of Germany as to the propriety of this decree. 404
216 Same to same July 27 American pork, prohibition of, from Germany: Object of the Government was the adoption of a sanitary measure to protect their own people; thinks the action of the expert commission would not secure a guaranty of safety from trichinӕ. 406

great britain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
217 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 475). 1882. Oct. 21 John Howard Payne: Removal of remain of, to United States: proposition of Mr. Corcoran to aid in; Lord Granville to be informed of desire of United States that British consul at Tunis be requested to apply for permission to exhume the remains; copy of Mr. Corcoran’s letter inclosed. 407
218 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 446). Nov. 17 John Howard Payne: Request by Mr. Lowell for aid of British consul at Tunis to aid in removal of remains of, to United States; correspondence with Lord Granville inclosed. 408
219 Same to same (No. 471). 1883. Jan. 2 John Howard Payne: British consul at Tunis instructed to aid in all measures for the removal of remains of, to United States; correspondence inclosed. 409
220 Same to same (No. 479) Jan. 12 John Howard Payne: Remains of exhumed and shipped to Marseilles through kindly offices of British consul at Tunis; correspondence inclosed. 416
221 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 536). Feb. 9 John Howard Payne: Removal of remains of, to the United States; in thanking Lord Granville for his kindly offices an expression of the high appreciation of the Department of State to be conveyed to Mr. Reade, British consul at Tunis, for his efficient services in complying with the wishes of the United States. 412
222 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 498). Feb. 16 Political: Opening of Parliament; speech of Her Majesty; reforms proposed in the local governments of the Kingdom; Government will not abandon its former policy, of which punishment of crime will be a preliminary condition to means adapted to removing motive or excuse for commission of it. 413
223 M. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 564). Apr. 5 Fishery articles of the treaty of May 8, 1871: Incloses joint resolution of Congress for termination of Arts. XVIII to XXV, and XXX, July 2, 1883; Mr. Lowell to comply with, by giving notice required. 413
[Page XLIV]224 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 531). Apr. 16 Arrest of American citizens: Cases of Edmund O’Brien Kennedy (alias Featherstone), and Thomas Gallagher; investigation into causes of their arrest; correspondence relating thereto. 414
225 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 586). May 5 Clayton and Bulwer treaty: Modification of; Lord Granville’s instruction to Mr. West in reply to Department’s No. 368 to Mr. Lowell; reassertion that first seven articles of treaty relate to particular canal then in contemplation; that the treaty is voidable by failure of Great Britain to aid in establishing canal; also that Art. VIII shows an intention to negotiate on a particular subject in the future; making of treaties by the United States with Central American States does not imply admission of obligation to make joint guaranty with Great Britain: treaty must be considered as a whole; Great Britain has admitted the justice of this view by its acquiescence; Honduras was not a British possession in 1850; United States think that their views as to effects of the treaty on Monroe doctrine are logically manifest. 418
226 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 552). May 19 International Fisheries Exhibition: Prospective success of; great credit due to the United States and Smithsonian Institution therefor; excellence of the display made by the United States. 421
227 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (No. 596). May 25 Assisted emigration from Ireland to the United States: While the United States recognize and seek to induce other nations to admit the right of expatriation and encourage emigration, still they do not open their ports to criminals and paupers, and laws exist for the exclusion Of such; and must look upon any system of assisted immigration which brings an element that will be a burden on the country as an unfriendly act; Lord Granville to be informed of these views and Mr. Lowell to report on the subject. 422
28 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 554). May 26 American missionaries in Bulgaria: Protection given to, by British consul; thanks of the President of the United States conveyed to Great Britain; satisfaction of Lord Granville, and wish to be informed if any further action on part of the consul is desired; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 428
229 Same to same (No. 557) May 29 Clayton and Bulwer treaty: Modification of, and effect of, on Monroe doctrine; instruction No. See communicated to Lord Granville and copy of, left with him. 433
230 Same to same (No. 558) May 29 American mission schools in Bulgaria: Interference with, by mob; doors of school building forced; the missionary beaten; Bulgarian priests encouraging; note of Lord Granville relative to, inclosed; similar outrages upon Greek schools; all indicate a concerted design to prevent the establishment of schools by foreigners in that country. 434
251 Same to same (No. 563) June 6 Fishery articles of the treaty of May 8, 1871: Termination of Nos. 18 to 25, inclusive, and No. 30 of; note to foreign office that July 2 United States would give notice provided by act of Congress; response of Lord Granville acknowledging reception of note; correspondence inclosed. 434
232 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 605). June 7 American missionaries in Bulgaria; protection to, by British consul; at request of missionaries, no further action necessary; to aid Department as to any question that may arise as to relation of the provisions of Berlin treaty touching religious toleration to citizens of non-signatory powers: the minister to investigate and report. 435
233 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (No. 617). June 26 Ill treatment of American missionaries in Bulgaria: Action relative to, taken by Italy, France and Austria; copy of Mr. Wallace’s dispatch No. 226 inclosed. 436
234 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 573). June 30 Assisted emigration from Ireland: Account of the method of aiding emigrants; class of people; none sent unless to friends or relatives in the United States able and willing to assist them; no attempt on the part of Great Britain to export helpless paupers. The “Tuke fund” and its system. 436
[Page XLV]235 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 574). July 2 Fishery articles of the treaty of May 8, 1871: Nos. 18 to 24, inclusive, and 30 of; termination of, notified to Great Britain July 2, 1883; the provisions of said articles to terminate on the expiration of two years after July 2, 1883; copy of notice and correspondence relative to, inclosed. 440
236 Same to same (No. 580) July 5 Assisted emigration from Ireland: Letters from relatives in America of certain emigrants ordered to be sent back as paupers, offering them homes and employment. 442
237 Same to same (No. 587) July 14 Importation of foreign cattle: Resolution adopted by the House of Commons recommending that the landing of live animals from countries where the laws relating to their importation and exportation and their general sanitary condition are not rigidly made and enforced, be prohibited. 442
238 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 634). July 18 Foreign debt of Venezuela: Adjustment of; referring to instruction 562, incloses copy of note from Germany that she will agree to whatever the other interested powers may approve relative to her treaty rights. 443
239 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 591). July 20 American missionaries in Bulgaria: Attack upon, by authorities for compelling the pupils in their schools to practice the Protestant religion. Dispatch from British agent and consul-general at Sofia to Lord Granville on the subject. 444
240 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 640.) July 25 Obstruction of the St. John’s River in violation of the third article of the treaty of 1842: Damages to lumber trade of American citizens; Great Britain to be requested to redress the same, and prevent recurrence in future. 445
241 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (No. 648). Aug. 7 Assisted emigration from Ireland to the United States: Case of certain assisted emigrants cited by Lord Granville as having been helped by relatives, and that they have relatives to care for them on arrival; report from the Treasury inclosed, show that no such assisting relatives could be found, and the destitute emigrants were in consequence returned to their native land. 447
242 Mr. Adee to Mr. Lowell (No. 653). Aug. 20 Importation of foreign cattle into England: Proposition to prohibit, from all countries that do not have rigid laws for prevention of cattle diseases; document and report on the subject of “foot and mouth disease,” showing that it does not prevail among American cattle, inclosed for the consideration of Lord Granville. 450
243 Same to same (No. 654) Aug. 22 Ill treatment of American missionaries in Bulgaria: Thanks of the United States to be conveyed to the British Government for the friendly course of the British consul-general at Sofia. 451
244 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 615). Aug. 28 Fishery articles of treaty of May 8, 1871; notice of termination of: Mr. Lowell. in answer to his inquiry, informed Lord Granville that it was the intention of the United States, in said notice, that the provisions of Art XXXII, relating to Newfoundland, shall cease to be effective simultaneously with the articles cited in notice which relate to the Dominion of Canada; correspondence inclosed. 451
245 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 625). Sept. 24 Patrick O’Donnell: Application of, as American citizen, that United States should provide for his defense on charge of murder of Carey, the informer; refused by the United States legation in the absence of instruction from the Department. 452
246 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 675). Oct. 1 American quarantine regulations, m relation to diseases in cattle: The charge made in England that they take into consideration only the animals, and not the conveyance of disease by the men at the stations and articles taken from the yards; letter and circular from the Treasury controverting the charge inclosed. 454
247 Same to same (No. 677) Oct. 5 Trial of Patrick O’Donnell in England: Question of the American citizenship of the accused. 459
248 Same to same (No. 684) Oct. 12 Trial of Patrick O’Donnell in England: Courtesy requested for Messrs. Hynes and O’Brien, to aid in defense. 460
[Page XLVI]249 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 632). Oct. 12 American quarantine regulations in relation to diseased cattle: Correspondence with Lord Granville on that subject inclosed. 461
250 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 685). Oct. 13 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Copies of correspondence relative to, with Hon. J. A. Logan inclosed. 462
251 Same to same (No. 688) Oct. 16 Fishery articles of the treaty of May 8, 1871: Notice of .the termination of; Lord Granville’s understanding of the intention of the United States to be that the provisions of Art. XXXII relative to Newfoundland shall cease simultaneously with the cited articles relating to Dominion of Canada; while the treaty does not expressly provide for the termination of that article, still it loses all operative force with the removal of the bases of the conjoined treaty and legislation on which it rested. 464
252 Same to same (No. 690) Oct. 18 Assisted emigration from Ireland to the United States: Copy of a letter from Secretary of Treasury relative to inclosed. 465
253 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 637). Oct. 18 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Difficulty in settling question of citizenship; not necessary to employ additional counsel at expense of the United States. 467
254 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (telegram). Oct. 20 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Mr. Lowell has been instructed to ascertain citizenship of O’Donnell. 468
255 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). Oct. 22 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Citizenship claimed through naturalization of the father; apparent truth of his statements. 469
256 Same to same (No. 641) Oct. 23 Trial of Patrick O’Donnell: Interview with accused; claims naturalization in 1876, after seven years’ residence in United States; refers to Michael McGinley as withess to his naturalization. 469
257 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hoppin (telegram). Oct. 30 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Mr. Hoppin to ascertain and report the name of regiment and captain of company in which accused served in United States Army. 471
258 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 647). Oct. 30 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Citizenship of the accused; asks if he may consider question of sufficiently settled by the evidence already adduced. 472
259 Same to same (telegram) Oct. 31 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Accused says he was only a teamster in the United States Army. 473
260 same to same (telegram) Nov. 1 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Police report that accused was a deserter and bounty-jumper. 474
261 Same to same (No. 652) Nov. 2 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Discrepancy in the statements of the accused as to his residence in the United States. 474
262 Same to same (telegram) Nov. 10 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: The father of the accused was never naturalized in the United States. 475
263 Same to same (No. 658) Nov. 13 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Father of accused was Michael O’Donnell; dead eighteen years, and never a naturalized American, and when in America lived in Pennsylvania. 475
264 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hoppin (No. 705). Nov. 19 Defense of Patrick O’Donnell: Accused regarded as a citizen of the United States; cannot ask a relaxation of rules of English court so as to admit American counsel to take part in the trial of the case. 475
265 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 666). Nov. 19 International Fisheries Exhibition: Co-operation in, of the United States; special expression of executive committee of gratitude for; commendatory mention of Professor Goode. 476
266 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 708). Nov. 22 Clayton and Bulwer Treaty: Reply to Lord Granville’s instruction to Mr. West of August 17, 1883; United States still contends that the treaty is voidable on two grounds; first, because the first seven articles related to a particular canal then contemplated; second, because Great Britain has a colony instead of a settlement at Belize; but also that as for the purpose of obtaining capital to construct the Nicaragua canal the United States were willing to surrender part of their exclusive privileges in such canal, and by subsequent treaty stipulations to join with Great Britain in the protection of any other interoceanic communication, [Page XLVII]and that consideration having failed, the treaty is voidable as to all routes. This effect would have been the same if the time within which the consideration should be rendered had been definitely fixed by the treaty; the provisions of treaty were violated in the organization of settlement in Honduras under Spanish-American sovereignty into a British colony; the declaration of Sir Henry Bulwer tended to strengthen and not to destroy the mutual obligations not to colonize in Central America; Great Britain not called upon to affirm or deny the Monroe doctrine, though modified by the treaty, because of the falling of such treaty by its infraction and failure of consideration. 477
267 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 716). Nov. 30 American missionaries in Turkey: Assistance of British consul at Erzeroum; thanks for, to be conveyed to the British Government. 478
268 Same to same (telegram) Dec. 11 Trial of Patrick O’Donnell: The American citizenship having been established, the President requests a delay of execution of sentence and a careful examination of the case, for any possible error in proceedings. 479
269 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram.) Dec. 15 Sentence of Patrick O’Donnell. The proceedings and objections by counsel having been carefully examined, Her Majesty’s Government finds no grounds which would justify an interference with execution of. 479

correspondence with the legation of great britain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
270 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1882. Sept. 25 Chinese immigration act of the United States: Asks what will be the treatment under said act of Chinese laborers resident of Demerara, but natives of Hong-Kong, returning to China by way of San Francisco. 480
271 Same to same Nov. 1 Reorganization of administration of justice in Tunis: Great Britain will relinquish right of extraterritoriality as to its citizens on the institution of courts through its protectorate in that jurisdiction. 480
272 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Nov. 28 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Colombian ports: Requirement imposed by local authorities of Panama contravenes law 109 of 1880. 481
273 Same to same Nov. 28 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Venezuelan ports: Requirement of deposit of such papers; with port officers; United States ask for modification of; inquires if Great Britain contemplates similar action. 481
274 Same to same Dec. 20 Incursions of Indians across the Northwestern boundary: Bands of Canadian Indians in Montana Territory; collision with troops imminent; copy of telegram inclosed. 481
275 Same to same Dec. 23 Tunis: Extension of French judicial system to; France has been informed that the consular jurisdiction of the United States can be renounced only by act of Congress. 483
276 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Dec. 23 Indian hostilities on the border: Information communicated to Canada suggests an arrangement as proposed by Marquis of Lorne for prevention of, as suggested in note of May 3. 483
277 Lord Granville to Mr. West (No. 344). Dec. 30 Clayton and Bulwer treaty, modification of: Great Britain’s reply to Mr. Frelinghuysen’s No. 368 to Mr. Lowell, that Article VIII of the treaty established the general principle chat all communication between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans across the isthmus should be for the equal benefit of all countries; that Great Britain has committed no acts justifying the United States in denouncing the treaty; there is no necessity for a renewal of any provisions of the treaty; a proposal for defining the limits within which captures may be made would be considered; Monroe doctrine neither admitted nor denied. 484
[Page XLVIII]278 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1883. Jan. 12 Indian hostilities on the border: Canadian authorities notified of the probability of Indians seeking refuse in Canada. 490
279 Same to same Jan. 15 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Colombian ports’: Her Majesty’s minister to Colombia has been instructed to co-operate with the representative of the United States with regard to the proceedings complained of at Panama. 491
280 Same to same Jan. 15 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Venezuelan ports: Pending full information on the subject Her Majesty’s Government has instructed its representative in Venezuela to act in concert with those of the United States or other powers in steps to obviate the inconvenience of the existing practice. 491
281 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Jan. 17 Chinese immigration act of the United States: The provisions do not apply to natives of Hong-Kong merely passing through United States; extract from opinion of Attorney-General quoted. 491
282 Mr. Davis to Mr. West Jan. 18 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Colombian ports: Information that Great Britain will cooperate with United States on this question has been communicated to United States minister at Caracas. 492
283 Same to same Jan. 18 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Venezuelan ports: American minister at Caracas has been advised that Her Majesty’s minister in Venezuela will act in concert with the former in this matter. 492
284 Same to same Jan. 26 Incursions of British Indians in Montana Territory: Asks co-operation of Dominion authorities: copy of telegram inclosed. 493
285 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Feb. 3 Chinese immigration act of the United States: Copies of Treasury Department circular relative to. inclosed. 493
286 Mr. Saurin to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Feb. 28 Indian hostilities on the border: Report to Department of Interior of Canada from officer commanding at Wood Mountain as to movements of half-breed and hostile Indians of Milk River, inclosed. 494
287 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Mar. 10 Custody of foreign vessels’ papers in Venezuelan ports; Her Majesty’s minister in Venezuela instructed to co-operate with Mr. Baker in proposed action for modifying the present law. 495
288 Same to same Mar. 15 Incursions by British Indians into Montana Territory: Report of privy council of Canada and Newspaper comment relative to, inclosed. 495
289 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Apr. 17 Indian raids across the frontier of Great Britain and the United States: United States regard it as impracticable to issue passes to American Indians; instructions to military to destroy property found on captured Canadian Indians; suggests an agreement for reciprocal passage of troops in pursuit of Indians, similar to agreement between Mexico and the United States. 496
290 Same to same Apr. 18 Incursions of British Indians into Montana Territory: Report from Secretary of War relative to action of party of Crees invading the Territory and escaping pursuit by crossing the boundary, inclosed. 497
291 Same to same Apr. 28 Incursions of British Indians in United States: Attack on and flight of across the border; copy of telegram from War Department relative to, inclosed. 499
292 Same to same May 2 Incursions by Canadian Indians in United States: Fight between Crees and United States troops; telegram relative to, inclosed. 499
293 Mr. Davis to Mr. West May 7 Incursions of Canadian Indians in the northwestern Territories: Capture of a party of British Indians by United States troops; copy of report of War Department, inclosed. 500
294 Same to same May 10 Incursions by British Indians into Montana Territory: Horses stolen from Americans by Crees; telegram relative to from War Department, inclosed. 501
295 Same to same May 19 Incursions by British Indians in northwestern Territories: Crees sent across the boundary by authorities of Montana; copy of report received by War Department. 502
296 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 8 Depredations by Canadian Indians in Montana: Letter relative to, from lieutenant-governor of northwest provinces, inclosed. 502
[Page XLIX]297 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. June 16 Indian raids across the northwestern boundary: Understanding between commanding officers of the two Governments for the suppression of; copies of correspondence in regard to inclosed. 503
298 Same to same June 16 Raids of Canadian Indians into northwestern Territories: Disposition of captured Crees held at Fort Assinniboine; copies of correspondence inclosed. 506
299 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 21 Depreciations m united, states by Canadian Indians: Report of privy council committee relative to stealing of horses in Montana Territory, inclosed. 507
300 Mr. Davis to Mr. West. June 25 Raids of British Indians into Montana Territory: Disposition made by the United States of Cree Indians captured; copy of report in regard to closed. 508
301 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 29 Cable Company: Requesting permission to land line in Washington Territory; copy of report of committee of privy council of Canada in inclosed. 509
302 Same to same June 29 Depredations by Canadian Indians in Montana: Two reports of committee of privy council of Canada relative to, inclosed. 509
303 Same to same July 2 Hostilities on the frontier between Canadian and American Indians: Report on, by committee of the privy council of Canada, inclosed; American Indians alleged to have begun the engagement; that United States Indian agent instigated their action. 512
304 Same to same July 25 Raids in Canada by Piegan Indians from United States: Copy of report of a privy council committee; their action. 513
305 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. July 26 Incursions of Canadian Indians: Denial of reported presence of, in Milk River country; report from War Department on the subject; copy of, inclosed. 515
306 Same to same July 30 Depredations in Canada by Indians from United States: Complaint of stealing of horses; proper authorities will investigate complaint. 526
307 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. July 30 Depredations in United States by Canadian Indians: Horses stolen on Teton River; copy of report of privy council of Canada relative to, inclosed. 526
308 Same to same Aug. 5 Indian raids across the frontier of United States and Great Britain: Measures for prevention of, by joint agreement of the two Governments; Great Britain deems it unwise to grant the right of reciprocal passage of troops of the two countries in pursuit of Indians; report of committee of privy council of Canada, inclosed; attention called to the statutes of Canada for the punishment of persons receiving goods stolen in any other country. 527
309 Same to same Aug. 8 Indian raids across the northwestern boundary: Good understanding for the suppression of, between officers of the two Governments; gratification of Canada therefor; copy of privy council report inclosed. 529
310 Lord Granville to Mr. West. Aug. 17 Panama canal and the Clayton-Bulwer treaty: Reviews correspondence, reasserts former views, and replies to instruction 586 to Mr. Lowell; false construction of 8th article to say that its stipulation referred solely to Nicaragua canal; treaty was signed with understanding that it was not to apply to Her Majesty’s settlements in Honduras; execution of treaty had for its policy the prevention of exclusive control of any isthmian canal by United States or Great Britain, and United States cannot contend that it is opposed to the Monroe doctrine. 529
311 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Sept. 25 Depredations in Canada by United States Indians: Made in retaliation of raids by Cree Indians; copy of report from Secretary of Interior inclosed. 532
312 Same to same Sept. 28 Depredations in Canada by United States Indians: Stolen property recovered and will be restored to Canadian owners; copy of Indian Commissioner’s report inclosed. 533
313 Same to same Nov. 30 Incursions by Canadian Indians: Capture by United States troops of half breeds; copy of letter of Secretary of War inclosed. 534
[Page L]

greece.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
314 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Schuyler (No. 15). 1883. Jan. 5 Greeks imprisoned in Turkey: Release of, effected through offices of the United States minister; Greek Government to be informed of, as evincing friendly spirit of United States for Greece; copy of No. 147, from Turkey, inclosed. 535
315 Mr. Davis to Mr. Schuyler (No. 17). Jan. 22 Greeks imprisoned in Turkey: Release of, through action of United States minister; copy of Mr. Wallace’s 158, relative to, inclosed. 535
316 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 8). Feb. 10 American pork products: Importation of, prohibited by being incorporated in a circular relative to the introduction of animals from Eastern countries; recall of the prohibitory clause as to American products requested. 536
317 Same to same (No. 14) Feb. 20 Greeks imprisoned in Turkey: Release of, effected through kindly offiecs of Mr. Wallace, United States minister to Turkey; his action construed by Greece as evidence of friendly feeling on part of the United States. 537
318 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Schuyler (No. 20). Mar. 9 American pork: Importation of, into Greece prohibited; Department trusts objectionable provision will be withdrawn. 537
319 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 22). Apr. 11 Political and financial: Unusual amount of work accomplished by the Greek Chambers, chiefly in revenue measures; a balance in the treasury; a continuance of Mr. Tricoupis’ present policy will do much to improve the credit of Greece; question of resumption of specie payments is the engrossing subject with the administration. 538
320 Same to same (No. 27) May 10 Prince of Bulgaria: Visit of, to Athens; supposed to have been for political reasons; cordiality of his reception, and good impression made by him; rivalry of races between the two peoples; Greeks think they should be the ultimate heirs of all provinces under Turkish rule; the church question the result of these ideas; the Bulgarian church constituted through influence of France and Russia. 539
321 Same to same (No. 29) May 17 American pork: Importation of, prohibited in Greece; request of United States for the recall of the order of prohibition will be replied to by the council of ministers as soon as the investigation now in process is concluded. 540
322 Mr. Davis to Mr. Schuyler (No. 33). May 28 American pork: Importation of, prohibited in Greece; hopes that a withdrawal of the decree will be made. 540
323 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 31). July 25 American pork: Prohibition of importation of; Greece being a small consumer of, the recall of the prohibitory order will be obtained; in Roumania, it being largely interested in exportation of pigs, a modification of its order will be impossible. 542
324 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Schuyler (No. 5). Sept. 18 American pork: Importation of, into European ports: status of, in various ports given. 543
325 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 42). Oct. 19 American pork: Prohibition of the importation of, insisted on by Greece; action justified because of the prohibitory measures of France; correspondence with the foreign office inclosed. 543

hawaiian islands.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
326 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Daggett (No. 14). 1882. Dec. 13 Reciprocity treaty of 1875 with United States: Alleged attempts to secure the advantages of, by shipment to Hawaii of Chinese sugars and reshipment of same as native products to United States; minister to investigate charges and report thereon to the Department. 545
327 Mr. Daggett to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 34). Dec. 21 Reciprocity treaty between Hawaii and United States: Complete reciprocity desired by both powers; abrogation of, would be injurious to Hawaii; sugar-raising being its chief industry, Hawaii, to save benefit of free entry of new sugar into the United States, would concede free entry to American imports; such a treaty would make the Hawaiian Islands a commercial dependency of the United States. 546
[Page LI]328 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Daggett (No. 16.) 1883. Jan. 5 Elisha H. Allen, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to United States from Hawaii: Death of, while at New Year’s reception at the White House: honors paid to his character, and condolence by President and people of the United States. 547
329 Mr. Daggett to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 50). Feb. 15 Coronation of the King and Queen: Ceremonies of, participated in by officers, civil and naval, of the United States; the occasion of the institution of order of “Crown of Hawaii,” creation of princes and princesses, pardon of convicts, and unveiling of a statue of Kamehameha I; great enthusiasm of the people; correspondence relative to, and press accounts of, inclosed. 548
330 Same to same (No. 53) Feb. 26 Coronation of the King and Queen: Continuation and close of the festivities; visit of the King to foreign war vessels and conferring by His Majesty of decorations on Captain Wilson and Commander Pearson. 552
331 Same to same (No. 56) Mar. 5 Reciprocity treaty of 1875: Advantages of, attempted to be secured by shipment to Hawaii of Chinese sugars for reshipment to the United States as native products; report by Mr. Daggett that such course would be neither practicable nor profitable, nor does it take place to any great extent. 552
332 Same to same (No. 64) Apr. 6 Chinese immigration to Hawaiian Islands: Great increase of, resulting from removal of restriction on, from Hong-Kong and closing United States against these classes; a continuation of, will cause the destruction of native people; Government will likely take measures to limit Chinese immigration. 555
333 Same to same (No. 66) Apr. 9 Chinese immigration to Hawaiian Islands: Cabinet resolution protesting against, and authorizing measures for the prevention of excess of. 556
334 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Daggett (No. 22). Apr. 25 Reciprocity treaty of 1875 with the United States: Alleged attempt to secure advantages of, by English steamers Glenelg and Madras, by shipment of Chinese sugars to Honolulu for reshipment to United States; letter relative to, from Consul Mosby, inclosed; Mr. Daggett to investigate, and report on. 557
335 Mr. Daggett to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 68). May 7 Financial: Receipts and expenditures for year ending March 31, 1883; large appropriations made for internal improvements in anticipation of sale of $2,000,000 bonds have caused the excess of expenditures; no bonds sold nor assurance of the sale of same. 557
336 Same to same (No. 73) May 18 Reciprocity treaty of 1875: Alleged attempt by English steamers Madras, Glenelg, and C. T. Hook to secure advantage of, by shipment of Chinese sugars to Hawaii for reshipment to the United States; Mr. Daggett reports that the charge is not sustained; sworn statements relative to, inclosed. 558
337 Same to same (No. 78) June 8 Reciprocity treaty of 1875: Alleged attempt to secure the advantages of, by shipment of Chinese sugar and reshipment of same to the United States as a native product; the duty of two and a half per cent, on raw sugar was intended to prevent such evasion of the treaty; the cases of the Madras, Glenelg, and C. T. Hook not sustained. 561
338 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Daggett (No. 28). June 16 Reciprocity treaty of 1875: Alleged attempt by English vessels to secure the benefits of, by shipments of Chinese sugars into United States by way of Hawaii as native sugar; Mr. Daggett commended for ample report on. 563
339 Mr. Daggett to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 83). July 7 Fourth, of July celebration in Honolulu: Unusual display and enthusiasm; public offices of the Kingdom closed; shipping and buildings in the city decorated; King and Government officials take part in the exercises and festivities. 564
340 Same to same (No. 94) Oct. 13 Polynesian Islands: Proposed annexation of, by France and Great Britain; protest against; by Hawaii; copy of. inclosed. 564
341 Same to same (No. 95) Oct. 13 Chinese immigration to Hawaii: Cabinet resolution against, rescinded; Chinese laborers to be admitted in numbers not to exceed 600 in any three months; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 564
[Page LII]342 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Daggett (No. 38). Nov. 15 Carrying trade between China and Hawaii: Complaint by Pacific Mail Steamship Company against unjust discrimination as to, in favor of the Oriental Steamship Company; minister instructed to request relief against, as a violation of treaty of 1849 between Hawaii and United States; copy of communication relative to, from Pacific Mail Steamship Company inclosed. 567
343 Same to same (No. 42). Dec. 6 Polynesian Islands: Proposed annexation of, by France and Great Britain, and protest against by Hawaii; United States not called upon to oppose or support; copy of correspondence with Hawawiian legation, inolosed. 572

correspondence with the legation of the hawaiian islands.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
344 Mr. Carter to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1883. Mar. 30 Reciprocity treaty of 1875 with the United States; Alleged attempt to secure the advantages of, by the introduction free of other than Hawaiian sugars; invitation for investigation by United States Treasury into the truth of such charges. 578
345 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Carter. Apr. 19 Reciprocity treaty of 1875 with Hawaii: Alleged attempt to secure advantages of, by shipment to Hawaii of Chinese sugars, and reshipment of same to United States as native sugars; Mr. Daggett’s report, covering year 1882, shows that no such illicit practices existed during previous years. 574
346 Mr. Carter to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Oct. 18 Polynesia archipelagoes and islands: Proposed annexation of, by France and Great Britain; protest against, by Hawaii; copy of, inclosed; trust that the traditional policy of the United States will prompt an expression of its approval of the action of Hawaii. 574
347 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Carter. Dec. 6 Polynesian archipelagoes and islands: Proposed annexation of, by France and Great Britain, and protest against by Hawaii; President of United States does not deem that the project calls for either opposition or support from the United States. 575

hayti.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
348 Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 513). 1883. Jan. 19 Political: Depressed condition of industry and trade in Hayti; address by President Saloman, exhorting the people to the exercise of courage and patience to rescue the country from the effect of the fruitless rivalries now ruining the nation; early assembling of the Corps Legislatif will result in measures of the improvement. 576
349 Same to same (No. 527) Mar. 12 Insurrectionary expedition against Hayti: Projected by Haytian exiles at Jamaica; objective point, northern part of the Republic; active military measures by the Government to anticipate and defend against. 577
350 Same to same (No. 537) Mar. 31 Capture of Miragoâne by the Haytian exiles: Measures taken by the Government to capture the rebels; hope of Hayti that United States consular agent and captains of vessels will not give protection to insurgents; correspondence with minister of foreign affairs inclosed. 577
351 Same to same (No. 542) Apr. 13 Rebellion in Hayti: Blockade of the port of Miragoâne by Haytian Government: Notice of, to United States; hope that the consideration exhibited by Hayti for foreign nations will be reciprocated: correspondence relative to, inclosed. 579
[Page LIII]352 Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 543). Apr. 13 Rebellion in Hayti: Miragoâne: Bombardmen of, to be commenced after the expiration of twenty-four hours of truce and refusal of the insurgents to surrender; correspondence with the foreign office relative to, inclosed. 580
353 Same to same (No. 544) Apr. 14 Rebellion in Hayti: Miragoâne: Siege of, pro gressing slowly; determined and well equipped defense of, by insurgents; investment of, by three thousand Government troops; while the delay in capture of, is deplored, its early capitulation is predicted. 582
354 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Langston (No. 201). Apr. 17 Insurrectionary expedition against Hayti: Capture of Miragoâne by Haytian exiles; investigation as to the registry of the vessel conveying insurgents requested. 582
355 Mr. .Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 546). Apr. 27 Rebellion in Hayti: Miragoâne: Siege of, still m progress; no definite advices as to real state of the parties to the contest; insurrection at Tron subdued; tranquillity throughout the country and confidence m the administration. 582
356 Same to same (No. 548) May 5 Rebellion in Hayti: Miragoâne still in possession of the insurgents; continued efforts of the Government to capture; prevalence of good order, and confidence in President Salomon; prompt action of United States in the case of the Tropic gives satisfaction to Hayti and has the moral effect of strengthening the administration. 583
357 Same to same (No. 551) May 17 Rebellion in Hayti: Miragoâne: Siege of; insurgents still successfully defy the Government; unsuccessful attempt of the diplomatic corps to effect a plan of capitulation; prospect of a general and decisive movement upon the insurgents. 588
358 Same to same (No. 558) May 30 Rebellion in Hayti: Revolt at Jéremie; Government forces en route from Miragoâne; insurrection at Caobas suppressed; attempt of the rebels to escape from Miragoâne defeated by national troops; public fear that a serious revolution is menacing to the country. 585
359 Mr. Davis to Mr. Langston huysen (No. 210). June 4 Rebellion in Hayti: Capitulation attempted by the diplomatic corps; participation in, by Mr. Langston cannot be deemed as authorized by the united States. 586
360 Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 560). June 9 Rebellion in Hayti: Blockade of the port of Jéremie by Government: Notice of to and reliance upon the United States to extend to Hayti the measures that the circumstances require and international law prescribe. 587
361 Same to same (No. 563) June 11 Rebellion in Hayti: Miragoâne still in possession of the insurgents; great suffering and destruction of property in the city; Grand Anse and Tiburon districts in rebellion and demanding the abdication of President Salomon; these districts and Jéremie in a state of siege and Government troops preparing to attack; address of the President inspires confidence in his administration. 587
362 same to same (No. 571) July 12 Rebellion in Hayti: Cause of the Government not improved; but little progress made in suppressing; general tranquillity in the country and confidence in the ultimate triumph of the Government; its need of funds and its appeal to the national bank and merchants for aid; insurgents still defiant, though those in Miragoâne are in great distress. 589
363 Same to same (No. 575) July 25 Rebellion in Hayti: Increase and spread of, throughout the Republic; district of Jacmel in arms against the Government; it and districts of Port-au-Prince and Léogane in state of siege; port of Jacmel blockaded; conference of diplomatic corps with President at his request; complaint against British and American consular officers. 591
364 Same to same (No. 577) Aug. 4 Rebellion in Hayti: Blockade of the port of Jacmel; notice of; order decreeing, sent to United States legation with request that United States will observe the rules pertinent to the situation prescribed by international law. 593
[Page LIV]365 Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 581). Aug. 7 Rebellion in Hayti: Battle at Jacmel; Government’s troops enter the city at heavy loss, and are afterwards driven out by the insurgents; execution of hostages held by the insurgents; proclamation of President, announcing determination to avenge the death of those citizens. 593
366 Same to same (No. 591) Nov. 20 Rebellion in Hayti: Fire and pillage in Port-au-Prince; destruction of archives in foreign office; landing of troops from foreign war vessels; order restored under ultimatum of foreign representatives to bombard the national capital; claims of Americans resulting from destruction of property by the mob. 594

italy.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
367 Mr. Richmond to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 16). 1882. Nov. 4 Political: House of deputies, election of members of; the result a victory for the liberals; electoral law of 1882 establishes free suffrage for all male subjects who can read and write. 596
368 Mr. Astor to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 8). 1883. Mar. 6 S. F. B. Morse, inventor of electric telegraphy: Sojourn of, in Rome commemorated by unveiling of a tablet; thanks for, of Americans conveyed to Italian Government. 597
369 Mr. Richmond to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 33). Aug. 3 Earthquake on the island of Ischia: Destruction of property and loss of life in the towns of Lacco Ameno, Forio, and total devastation of Casamicciola; estimated loss of lives five thousand; prompt and efficient help to the sufferers by King and people Italy. 598
370 Mr. Adee to Mr. Richmond (No. 34). Aug. 20 Earthquake on the island of Ischia: His Majesty to be informed of the sympathy of the President and people of the United States with the relatives of those who suffered by that catastrophe. 599
371 Mr. Astor to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 42). Sept. 30 Earthquake on the island of Ischia: Gratitude of the royal Government of Italy for expression of sympathy by President and people of the United States; copy of note from the foreign office relative to, inclosed. 600

japan.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
372 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1573). 1882. Oct. 4 Suits by Americans in British consular courts in Japan: Requirement of British order in council that plaintiffs must file consent of their consul and security for cost deemed just on principles of mutual comity and on condition that the rights of British subjects to sue in American consular courts be exercised on the same terms. 600
373 Same to same (No. 1595) Nov. 29 Corea and Japan, treaty of friendship and commerce between: Report that Japan has remitted the $550,000 indemnity Corea promised to pay; copy of treaty inclosed. 602
374 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Bingham (No. 725). 1883. Mar. 21 Simouoseki indemnity: Reimbursement of, to Japan; draft for $785,000 87 inclosed; satisfaction of the President in being enabled to carry out desire of the United States in this matter. 603
375 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1664). Apr. 14 Corea: Schufeldt treaty with; the prompt ratification of, and sending of a minister to, give great satisfaction to Corea; action accepted as additional evidence of the policy of justice manifested by the United States towards eastern states of Asia. 603
376 Same to same (No. 1671) Apr. 30 Simonoseki indemnity: Refund of, to Japan; draft for, received; note to foreign office stating the readiness of the minister to deliver the same, and expression of hope that Japan will accept the return of the fund as evidence of the continued friendly disposition of the United States. 604
[Page LV]377 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Frelihghuysen (No. 1677). May 9 Simonoseki indemnity: Satisfaction of Japan at the spontaneous return of, by the United States; this is not only an additional proof of the friendly disposition of the United States, but a manifestation of that spirit of justice and equity which has always animated the United States in their relations with Japan. 605
378 Same to same (No. 1716) July 30 Death of Iwaknra Tomomi, junior prime minister of His Imperial Majesty: Honors to his memory by the legation. 607
379 Mr. Adee to Mr. Bingham (No. 766). Aug. 31 Death of Iwakura Tomomi: Sympathy and condolence of the Government and people of the united states to the Government of Japan. 608
380 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1763). Oct. 18 Treaty limits for Japanese in Corea: Copy of, inclosed. 609

liberia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
381 Mr. Smyth to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 16). 1882. Dec. 7 Political: Opening of the legislature; prominent features of the President’s message; finance, revenue, the proposed loan and northwestern boundary dispute; bad state of feeling between Liberians and aborigines gradually giving place to better relations; while there is no defined public school system, there is a growing interest prevailing on the subject. 610
382 Same to same (No. 19) 1883. Jan. 17 Political: Resignation of the Presidency of the Republic by Anthony W. Gardner; Vice-President succeeds; general peace among the native races and happy relations with foreign powers assure the tranquillity of the Republic, though on the eve of a Presidential election in May next. 615
383 Same to same (No. 28) Apr. 2 Political relations between American Liberians and native races: Policy of the administration conciliatory, to the end of realizing the chief aim in founding the Republic, the elevation of the aborigines; proclamation by the President, Russell, embodying these sentiments. 616

mexico.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
384 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 513). 1882. Oct. 10 Political: Constitution of Mexico, amendment of, in the mode of filling a vacancy in the office of President, and prescribing the requisites of eligibility for such office; copy of the amendment inclosed. 617
385 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morgan (No.358). 1883. Jan. 29 Detention of the American schooner Adriana by customs authorities at La Paz: Arrest and imprisonment of officers and crew; minister instructed to request an investigation, and release of officers and crew, reserving their right of indemnity; copy of dispatch from United States consul at La Paz relative to, inclosed. 619
386 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 562). Feb. 6 Detention of the Adriana by customs authorities at La Paz: Vessel and crew being proceeded against on charge of smuggling harsh and unjustifiable treatment of Captain Caleb and crew by the officials; investigation proceeding in court of first instance; refusal of officials to allow Captain Caleb to communicate with the United States consul or an attorney, and forcing statements from him by duress; copy of dispatch from United States consul at La Paz, inclosed. 622
387 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 369). Feb. 15 Immigration laws of Mexico: Information relative to; frequency of requests for, by prospective emigrants from the United States; copies of correspondence between Dibrell, member of Congress, and Mr. Gibbs, making inquiries on the subject, inclosed; investigation and report by Mr. Morgan requested relative to. 624
[Page LVI]388 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 370). Feb. 20 Detention of the Adriana: Refusal of officials to allow Captain Caleb to confer with the United States consul, and exacting declarations from him by duress to be used as evidence in the charge of smuggling; if persisted in will demanda remonstrance by the United States; minister to request copies of declarations; copy of dispatch No. 18, from United States consul at La Paz, inclosed. 625
389 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 584). Mar. 6 seizure of the Adriana and imprisonment of the officers and crew: Instruction No. 358 received; minister of foreign affairs replying to, says the question of legality of seizure has been referred to the department of Hacienda; he is silent as to the release of the vessel and captain and crew. 629
390 Same to same (No. 597) Apr. 4 Political: Mexican Congress; chief features of President’s message; public improvements and finance; while in the railroad and telegraph enterprises there appears to have been progress, the financial outlook for the Government is not so favorable; subsidies for railroad, telegraph, and immigration contracts, added to expense of a large standing army, have caused unusual expenditures. 629
391 Same to same (No. 602) Apr. 17 Seizure of the Adriana and trial of captain and crew on charge of smuggling: Captain Caleb’s denial of the charge and statement of evidence by suborned withesses; copy of Captain Caleb’s letters relative thereto, inclosed; consul at La Paz directed to learn if bail has ever been allowed in such cases. 633
392 Same to same (telegram) Apr. 21 Seizure of the Adriana: Mr. Morgan is informed that Captain Caleb is sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, the vessel confiscated, crew released, and the case appealed. 634
393 Same to same (No. 606) Apr. 25 Immigration laws of Mexico: Information relative to; report on, by Mr. Morgan, inclosed; detailed statement of the rights and obligations of immigrants, and inducements and disadvantages to immigration; recital of measures taken by Mexico to induce immigration by colonization. 635
394 Same to same (No. 611) May 6 Confiscation of the Adriana: Copy of the findings in the case of, inclosed. 644
395 Same to same (No. 612) May 8 Case of the Adriana: Sentence of Captain Caleb to five years’ imprisonment; release of the crew; manifest injustice to Captain Caleb; copy of findings and dispatch from the consul at La Paz, inclosed. 646
396 Same to same (No. 614) May 9 Guatemala and Mexico, boundary dispute between: Copy of treaty for settlement of, inclosed; Guatemala renounces, and Mexico, in reciprocal spirit, accepts all territory of the State of Chiapas and its province of Soconusco; also all claim to indemnity therefor renounced by Gutemala. 648
397 Same to same (No. 625) May 23 Citizenship in Mexico: The purchase by a foreigner of real estate in, and failure to make simultaneous declaration of intention of .native citizenship, makes him a Mexican; certificate of matriculation as a foreigner refused on that around to W. J. Zuber. 651
398 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morgan (telegram). May 25 Sentence of Captain Caleb in the Adriana case: Minister may apply for amparo and employ counsel in appellate proceedings to defend captain and vessel. 652
399 Same to same (No. 406) May 28 Guatemala and Mexico, boundary dispute between: Adjustment of, by treaty; copy of, inclosed. 652
400 Same to same (No. 408) May 28 Confiscation of the Adriana and sentence of Captain Caleb: President expects the fullest investigation as to the justice of the above sentence; Mr. Horatio N. Beach has been deputed to effect adjustment of, in conference with Mr. Morgan; if necessary, steps should be adopted to render appellate proceedings successful. 653
[Page LVII]401 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 627). May 28 Citizenship in Mexico: Section 3 of Article XXX of Mexican constitution, as to effect of purchases by foreigners of real estate without simultaneous declaration of retention of original nationality, and decision of foreign office in Mr. Zuber’s case, refusing certificate of matriculation, made the basis of circular for guidance of American residents in Mexico; copy of circular inclosed. 658
402 Same to same (No. 629) May 28 Agreement for reciprocal passage of troops across the boundary in pursuit of Indians: Continuance and amendment of; desire of Mexico that the negotiations be conducted in Mexico; final action cannot be had until meeting of Mexican Congress. 654
403 Same to same (No. 634) May 30 Confiscation of the Adriana and sentence of Captain Caleb: Consul at Mazatlan telegraphs that Captain Caleb has competent counsel in appellate court. 655
404 Same to same (No. 635) May 30 Incursions by Chiricahua Indians into Mexico: Prevention of, by confinement of Indians in Lower California; suggestion by General Fremont of an agreement between United States and Mexico to that end, in view of near expiration of the existing agreement for reciprocal passage of the troops of the respective Governments. 655
405 Same to same (No. 638) June 4 Confiscation of the Adriana and imprisonment of Captain Caleb: As Captain Caleb has competent counsel, offer of Señor Rubio to aid in procuring counsel declined. 656
406 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (telegram). June 5 Agreement for reciprocal passage of troops across the frontier in pursuit of Indians: Extension of, for one year from August 18, 1883, may be concluded. 657
407 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 642). June 13 Confiscation of the Adriana and imprisonment of Captain Caleb: As amparo in Mexican jurisprudence is issued for protection against illegal proceedings of courts and officials, and competent counsel have been retained, nothing more can be done in case but await the result of appellate proceedings of the supreme court at Culiacan, state of Sinaloa. 657
408 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 419). June 16 Incursions of Chiricahua Indians into Mexico: Plans for the prevention of; Government not ready to act on General Fremont’s plan as a matter of international policy; would be pleased to know the views of Mexico thereon. 656
409 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 646). June 19 Financial and diplomatic measures of the Mexican Congress: Appropriation for expense of legation at London; authorization of a settlement of the national debt; authorization of the President to contract a loan of twenty millions of dollars. 658
410 Same to same (No. 647) June 19 Financial: Settlement of the national debt; law of Mexican Congress authorizing; copy of, inclosed. 659
411 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 421). June 22 Confiscation of Adriana and imprisonment of Captain Caleb; courtesy of Señor Rubio in the above case reported in No. 638 is duly appreciated by the Department. 669
412 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morgan (No. 422). June 23 Agreement for reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians; spirit of, maintained by General Crook in his late expedition; copy of telegram inclosed. 669
413 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 651). June 29 Agreement for reciprocal passage of troops across the boundary in pursuit of Indians; extension of, for one year, entered into with minister of foreign affairs by consent of the Senate; copy of inclosed. 662
414 Same to same (665) July 10 National debt of Mexico: Law enacted authorizing the President to consolidation and liquidation of, by issue of three per cent, interest bonds; objection of Spain on account of its conflict with terms of convention between her and mexico; copy of law inclosed 666
415 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morgan (No. 441). Aug. 16 Confiscation of Adriana and imprisonment of Captain Caleb: Report of Mr. Beach of investigation of Captain Caleb’s case for the information of Mr. Morgan inclosed; Mr. Galen will report direct to the Department. 667
[Page LVIII]416 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 683). Sept. 3 Confiscation of the Adriana and imprisonment of Captain Caleb for five years; circuit court at Culiacan has affirmed the sentence of the district court and the vessel will be sold; copy of dispatch No. 13 from United States consul at La Paz inclosed. 675
417 Same to same (No. 688) Sept. 18 Political and financial: President’s message to Mexican Congress inclosed. 675

correspondenge with the legation of mexico.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
418 Mr. Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1883. Jan. 20 Indian incursions across the border: Measures for the prevention of; copy of plan proposed to Mexican Government by Senate and Representatives of Mexico inclosed. 680
419 Same to same Feb. 7 Raids into Sonora by Apaches: Incloses communication from consul at Tombstone reporting Indians from San Carlos are daily entering Sonora despite the United States forces. 683
420 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Romero. Feb. 16 Indian raid into Sonora: Mexico’s complaint has been referred to Secretaries of War and Interior, with request for the adoption of appropriate measures for the suppression of. 683
421 Same to same Mar. 10 Indian raids into Sonora: Investigation of complaint by Interior Department; letter from, relative to inclosed. 684
422 Mr. Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Mar. 11 Raid into Sonora by Apaches from San Carlos Reservation: Thanks for prompt action for investigation and prevention of. 684
423 Same to same Mar. 22 Raids in Sonora by Apaches: Complains that Indians in small parties are leaving San Carlos Reservation for purpose of; asks that measures may be taken for preventing Indians from leaving the reservation. 685
424 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Romero. Mar. 27 Indian raids into Sonora by Apaches from San Carlos Reservation: Secretary of Interior will take measures to check; Secretary of War requested to prevent Indians from quitting the reservation and under all assistance to suppress. 685
425 Same to same Apr. 9 Indian raids across the border: Measures for the prevention of; provisions in each Republic for the disarming of Indians; prevention of sale by them of boot would be a salutary plan. 686
426 Same to same Apr. 10 Raids in Sonora by Indians from San Carlos Reservation: Complaint of, by Mexico; report on, by General Crook shows that no Apaches have left the reservation; that the raids are made by Chiricahua Indians from Mexico; suggests measures for their extermination. 687
427 Mr. Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Apr. 11 Indian incursions across the border: Prevention of, by preventing sale of booty by the raiders, either by an international agreement or by independent measures by each Government. 688
428 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Romero. Apr. 16 Raids in Sonora by Indians from San Carlos Reservation: Complaint of, by Mexico; report of investigation by Commissioner of Indian Affairs confirms report of General Crook, that no Apaches have left said Reservation, and that the guilty parties are renegade Chiricahua Indians, whose subjugation or extermination the United States will co-operate with Mexico in effecting. 689
429 Same to same Apr. 24 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians: Suggests modification of agreement so as to obviate a literal compliance with, in emergencies; correspondence with Secretary of War relative to, inclosed. 690
430 Mr. Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Apr. 26 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians: Proposed modification reported to Mexican Government pending additional information as to. 693
[Page LIX]431 Mr. Davis to Mr. Romero May 7 Reciprocal passage of troops in pursuit of Indians: Modification of agreement proposed 24th ultimo to protocol extending time of agreement one year; requests that Mexico consent to signing of such protocol; communication from War Department relative to, inclosed. 693
432 Mr. Cayetano Romero to Mr. Davis. May 8 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians: Mexican legation has telegraphed its Government for authority to sign protocol of prolongation of agreement. 694
433 Same to same May 9 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border m pursuit of Indians: Extension of agreement for, should be negotiated in Mexico. 695
434 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Cayetano Romero. June 7 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians: United States understand that privilege accorded by, ceases after August 18, 1883, unless prolonged by the two Governments. 696
435 Mr. Davis to Mr. Cayetano Romero. June 23 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians: Zealous observance of agreement by General Crook, U.S.A.; letter from War Department inclosed. 696
436 Mr. Cayetano Romero to Mr. Davis. June 24 General Crook’s Indian campaign in Mexico: Agreement of July 29, 1882, authorizing; thanks that the stipulations of agreement were strictly observed; hopes severe measures may be adopted against the Indians captured. 697
437 Same to same Aug. 16 Indian raids across the border: Agreement for reciprocal passage of troops to be so modified as to authorize captors of Indians to restore booty in hands of prisonars to the lawful owners. 697
438 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Cayetano Romero. Sept. 15 Lawless incursions across the Rio Grande: Measures for the prevention of; the rigid enforcing of existing laws of the border States and Territories, supplemented by mounted police on both sides, would be effective. 698
439 Same to same Sept. 15 Indian incursions across the border: Suggested arrangement for restoration to Mexican owners of property captured with the Chiricahuas will be duly considered by United States. 699
440 Same to same Oct. 24 Indian incursions across the border: Impracticability of effecting a restoration to owners of property captured by General Crook; letter relative to, from War Department, inclosed. 699
441 Mr. Cayetano Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Oct. 25 Indian incursions across the border: Agreement for prevention of; objection to plan restoring to owners booty in possession of raiders when captured reported to Mexican Government. 701

persia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
442 Mr. Benjamin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 10). 1883. June 13 Diplomatic relations: Presentation and reception of Mr. Benjamin as minister resident of the United States; ceremony and especial honor paid the United States. 702

peru.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
443 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Partridge (No. 5). 1882. June 26 Chili, Peru and Bolivia war: Peace may be effected through the Montero Government; United States desire that Peru save all of its territory consistent with Chili’s just demands; if Peru will treat on basis of cession of territory, Montero to be informed that United States will try to obtain from Chili the most favorable terms; Mr. Logan and Mr. Partridge to work in unison. 707
444 Same to same (No. 28) Feb. 1 Sale of guano of Peru by the Chilian Government: Decree of Montero government contesting legality of, and determination to disregard the rights of creditor purchasers under; Montero to be notified that in so far as decree relates to rights of citizens of the United States it will not be accepted as valid 708
[Page LX]445 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Phelps (No. 6). 1883. July 26 Chili, Peru and Bolivia war: Policy of the United States reviewed; no desire to dictate, but with its friendly counsel to aid in effecting peace upon such basis as will save the autonomy of Peru and secure Chili just indemnity; co-operation with the ministers of the United States in Chili and Bolivia, and report on the situation of affairs, to enable the Department to determine if the Iglesias government should be recognized. 700
446 Same to same (No. 8). Aug. 25 Peace question: Treaty of peace between Chili and Iglesias; copy of dispatch covering text of protocol inclosed objections to; if Chili appropriates resources of Peru, it should recognize the obligations resting upon those resources; if Chili would offer better terms to Peru the United States would regard it as a friendly recognition of the earnestness which this Government has manifested to bring about a just and honorable end to the war. 711
447 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 2). Sept. 2 Peace question: Iglesias government growing in favor; Chili supporting it as a means of securing peace; defeat by Chilians of Caceres to same end; Montero watched by Chili; want of national sentiment in Peruvians. 712
448 Same to same (No. 4) Sept. 13 Peace question: Unimportant engagements between forces of Iglesias and Montero; Iglesias continues to make progress, being supported by Chili; Montero government offers no guaranty entitling it to recognition. 713
449 Same to same (No. 5). Sept. 23 Peace question: Iglesias government will probably be installed; its duration after departure of Chilian troops doubtful; while it is not so popular as it was, still Montero government does not merit recognition. 714
450 Same to same (No. 6) Sept. 21 Peace negotiations: Treaty of, made by Mr. Novoa and General Iglesias; copy of, received from Department. 716
451 Same to same (No. 9) Oct. 3 Peace question: Probable recognition of the Iglesias government; preparations for; question of, discussed; better classes of Peruvians in favor of it; report conversation with Chilian minister of foreign affairs; United States objection to Iglesia’s views on the debt clauses of protocol. 717
452 Same to same (No. 11) Oct. 4 Peace negotiations: Lima and Callao to be evacuated by Chilians and surrendered to Iglesias. 721
453 Same to same (No. 14) Oct. 13 Peace question: Difficulties in way of installation of Iglesias government; attitude of Bolivia reported. 721
454 Same to same (telegram) Oct. 21 Chili, Peru, and Bolivia war: Treaty of peace signed; Chili, through foreign office, recognizes Iglesias government. 723
455 Same to same (No. 18) Oct. 23 Chili, Peru, and Bolivia war: Treaty of peace signed; evacuation of Lima; entry of Iglesias in the national palace; copy of a letter of Mr. Norova relative to, inclosed. 723
456 Same to same (No. 20) Oct. 23 Iglesias government: Reasons why United States should delay recognition of; the attitude of Bolivia and Montero. 723
457 Same to same (No. 21) Oct. 24 Political: Arrival in Lima of Iglesias; enthusiasm and rejoicing in the city; copy of the treaty not yet received. 724
458 Same to same (No. 25) Oct. 30 Iglesias government: Circular of foreign office giving history of the establishment of, and inviting recognition of, inclosed. 724
459 Same to same (No. 32) Nov. 13 Iglesias government: Recognition of, by the United States should be accorded whenever the popular departments have declared for it; general quiet in Lima. 726
460 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Phelps (No. 18). Nov. 15 Iglesias government: Recognition of, by the United States should be deferred until after meeting of the Assembly; if it shall be duly constituted and shall be recognized by the Iglesias government the United States will; also recognize; meanwhile good relations with Iglesias should be cultivated. 727
461 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 34). Nov. 22 Iglesias government: No change in affairs outside of Lima; uprising of the Indians in the interior; uncertainty of the most populace departments of Peru. 729
[Page LXI]462 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Dec. 3 Iglesias government: Its situation still unsettled: rumor that Caceres will not submit to it. 729
463 Same to same (No. 42). Dec. 23 Chili and Peru: Treaty of peace and supplemental protocol inclosed. 730
464 Same to same (No. 43). Dec. 23 Iglesias government: Caceres still maintains his opposition to; publication of the treaty had depressing effect in Lima. 733

portugal.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
465 Mr. Francis to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 23). 1883. Jan. 8 Financial: Budget for fiscal year shows a deficit, but an improvement on former years; statement of inclosed. 734
466 Same to same (No. 25) Jan. 18 Floating debt of Portugal: Increased indebtedness during 1882; how the money has been expended; railways constructed; material improvement and prosperity of the kingdom. 735
467 Same to same (No. 40) Mar. 13 Proposed political reforms in Portugal; Communication presented to the Cortes by Señor Fontes, president of the council of ministers, advocating certain changes in the legislative, executive, and electoral laws. 736
468 Same to same (No. 59). May 12 Financial: Financial condition of the reigning dynasty past and present; favorable loan made for payment of pressing indebtedness on Royal securities; political significance of the facility with which this loan was obtained. 738
469 Same to same (No. 60) May 15 French occupation of Loando and Ponta Negra: Details of the landing of French forces; they claim possession and establish authority; Portuguese and natives protest; Portuguese influence and commercial interests paramount. Congo question of international importance; argument in behalf of Portuguese claim; opinion of British minister respecting pending treaty negotiations between Great Britain and Portugal on the subject. 739
470 Same to same (No. 70) June 32 Political: Proposed amendment to the constitution to be acted on at a special session of the Cortes; object is the reorganization of the House of Peers, and verification of the powers of the members of the Chambers of Deputies; avowed object is the limitation upon the exercise of royal prerogative of creation of peers, conformably to the liberal ideas of the kingdom. 742

russia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
471 Mr. Hunt to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 55). 1883. June 22 Alexander III, coronation of: Description of the ceremonies of; participation in by Mr. Hunt and Admiral Baldwin, United States Navy; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 743

correspondence with the legation of salvador.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
472 Mr. Batres to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1883. May 15 Seizure of American schooner Ounalaska at Acajutla: Charged with conveying arras to the insurgents by means of fraudulent papers; court of Salvador engaged in determining if vessel is lawful prize; telegraph relative to, inclosed. 746
473 Mr. Davis to Mr. Batres May 19 Seizure of the Ounalaska: United States minister to Central America has been instructed to watch proceedings; United States relies on the action of the courts in the case being conformable to the cordial relations existing between the countries. 746
[Page LXII]474 Mr. Batres to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 4 Seizure of the Ounalaska: Arras were shipped from San Francisco for the insurgents by means of fictitious papers as if intended for Guayaquil; captain and crew released and returned to United States at expense of Salvador; question as to whether the vessel is lawful prize pending in the supreme court; documents relative to inclosed. 747
475 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Batres. June 5 Seizure of the Ounalaska: Thanks of the United States for the generous action of Salvador in its treatment of the captain and crew; vessel has been placed at the disposal of United States minister, who will send her to San Francisco for trial if the property of United States citizens; if not, United States protection will be withdrawn. 748
476 Mr. Batres to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 28 Seizure of the Ounalaska: By order of Salvador is placed at disposal of the United States in token of special regard of former for the latter. 749
477 Sme to same July 24 Seizure of the Ounalaska: Papers inclosed criminating one F. Gutte in the furnishing of arms to the insurgents, and showing the carelessness of customs officials at San Francisco; request that appropriate measures be taken for the punishment of Gutte for violating laws of neutrality. 749
478 Mr. Adee to Mr. Batres Aug. 11 Seizure of the Ounalaska: Charge against F. Gutte for violation of neutrality; papers in the case have been referred to the Attorney-General of the United States. 751

siam.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
479 Mr. Halderman to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 7). 1882. Oct. 24 Reception of minister by King of Siam: Ceremonies attendant upon of a very cordial and distinguished nature; description of procession, court, and proceedings; address of minister and reply of King. 751
480 Same to same (No. 11) Nov. 10 Ship-canal through Isthmus of Kraw: Projectors of, and their earnesthess; position of the isthmus; plans; natural difficulties; application for concession; caution of Siamese; prospects of success: position of Great Britain. 753
481 Same to same (No. 13) Nov. 17 Relations between Burmah and British India: Proposed treaty between them; its collapse, and reasons assigned therefor; presumed policy of Great Britain; journalistic comments; geographical and political position of Burmah; visit of a Burmese prince to Siam; rumored, plans for the future. 754
482 Same to same (No. 20) 1883. Jan. 16 Ship-canal through Isthmus of Kraw: Arrival of French engineers at Bangkok, and their departure for the proposed site of the undertaking, to make preliminary surveys. No concession for the work thus far granted by Siamese Government. 755
483 Same to same (No. 27) Mar. 15 The French in Tonquin: Arrival of French troops at Haiphong; withdrawal of Chinese forces from Tonquin; difficulties on the Song-Koi; extract from Hong-Kong journal. 756
484 Same to same (No. 30) April 30 Official visit to Tuluban: Reception by the Rajah; desire for a public presentation of the gifts of the United States Government; the ceremony of presentation; banquet; visits to Singora and Champon; the King’s interest; good results of mission; extracts from local journal concerning presentaion ceremony. 757
485 Same to same (No. 53) Aug. 20 Isthmus of Kraw: Project of a ship-canal will I probably fail; survey by French engineers! completed. 759
486 Same to same (No. 63) Oct. 8 Annam and France: Treaty of peace between, inclosed. 759
[Page LXIII]

spain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Reed to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 150). 1882. Dec. 18 Consular tariff of Spain: Protest of legation against the charge of 40 cents on cattle and 10 cents per ton on cargoes from United States; early answer to, promised; on similar shipments from European ports the charge is just one-half of that charged in United States. 763
488 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Reed (No. 126). 1883. Jan. 11 Consular tariff of Spain: Action of legation in this matter approved; Department’s instruction No. 111 should be adhered to. 764
489 Same to same (No. 127) Jan. 12 Consular tariff of Spain: Export tax by Spanish consul in United States on shipment of cattle to Porto Rico and Cuba; copy of reports of Secretary of Treasury showing amount of, inclosed. 764
490 Mr. Reed to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 160). Jan. 29 Consular tariff of Spain: Vigorous demands by legation for modification of; answer delayed; foreign office promises reply this week; retaliation suggested. 768
491 Same to same (No. 173) Feb. 28 American pork: Rumored deaths in Malaga from eating of; prompt action of United States legation in anticipation of action by Spain looking to prohibition of importation of, favorably received by Spain. 769
492 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Reed (No. 150). Apr. 12 American pork: Alleged cause of death in Malaga; action of legation relative to, approved; all such cases are doubtless false. 770
493 Same to same (No. 151) Apr. 14 Consular tariff of Spain: Onerous charges on exports; retaliatory measures proposed in Congress failed to pass; remonstrance to be urged upon Spain. 771
494 Mr. Reed to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 197). Apr. 28 Commercial treaty between United States and Spain: The present a favorable time to effect this, since signing of one by Mexico and Spain. 771
495 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Foster (No. 2). May 3 Embargoed estates of United States citizens in Cuba: Restoration of, to owners to be applied for; indemnity for stores seized; argument in support of. 773
496 Mr. Reed to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 221). May 28 Consular tariff of Spain: Onerous tax on cattle shipped from Key West to Havana; Spain, in answer to protest by the shipper, proposes to modify the tariff, making fee collectible at destination; admits the injustice of the charge in McKay’s case, but is silent as to refund of. 776
497 Mr. Davis to Mr. Foster (No. 24). June 23 Consular tariff of Spain: Unjust tax on cattle from Key West; answer of Spain to protest not satisfactory; making it collectible in Spanish jurisdiction is not a modification, it is still objectionable as an export levied in foreign country; return should be made to Mr. McKay of fees exacted at Key West. 779
498 Mr. Foster to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 14). July 12 Embargoed estates of United States citizens in Cuba: Note to foreign office treating of the responsibility by Spain for the return of, and damages resulting from; idea that such claims were disposed of by the late commission refuted; copy of correspondence inclosed. 781
499 Same to same (No. 35) July 18 Right of residence in Cuba of foreign negroes: Revocation of order prohibiting same; copy of note of Siberian minister announcing same inclosed. 785
500 Same to same (No. 40) July 23 American pork in Spain: Corrects report of prohibition of importation of; only regulation is one requiring inspection and destruction of, where infected with trichinae. 786
501 Same to same (No. 50) July 31 Trade with Cuba: Extracts from budget recently adopted for Cuba; attention called to part relating to American commerce; appointment of Ignacio Maria del Castillo, governor general of Cuba. 787
502 Same to same (No. 52) Aug. 1 Embargoed estates of United States citizens in Cuba: Spain not inclined to discuss the question; still insists that such claims were settled by the late commission; refers to Art. VIII of protocol extending commission. 788
503 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Foster (No. 57). Aug. 14 Embargoed estates of United States citizens in Cuba: Action of Mr. Foster approved, especially of the separate cases as presented. 789
[Page LXIV]504 Mr. Foster to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 62). Aug. 22 Insurrectionary movement in Spain: Seizure of military posts by insurgents at Badajoz, Santo Domingo, and Urgel; attempt to proclaim a republic; prompt action of the Government; failure of the rebels to follow up their temporary victory; the failure of the movement shows that the sentiment of the country is opposed to any revolutionary change in existing: order of affairs.
505 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Foster (No. 74). Sept. 18 Consular tariff of Spain: Unjust charges under, by consul at Key West; copies of letter and protest supporting charges inclosed. 791
506 Mr. Davis to Mr. Foster (No. 83). Sept. 23 Consular tariff of spain: unjust charges under, by Spanish consul at Key West; copies of additional protest inclosed. 793
507 Mr. Foster to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 96). Oct. 29 Consular tariff of spain: Note to minister of spate urging the adoption of prompt steps to stop further levying of export tax, and a refunding of fees illegally collected in all oases; copy of the note inclosed. 795
508 Same to same (No. 101) Nov. 13 Commercial treaty with the United States: Action of Geographical Congress in favor of, as also the Cnban deputies in the Cortes. 796
509 Same to same (No. 102) Nov. 15 Embargoed estates of United States citizens in Cuba: Reply of minister of state, in which a full answer is promised; his designation of, as new claims, corrected; copy of, inclosed. 796

switzerland.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
510 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 18). 1882. Nov. 16 Assisted emigration to the United States: Repeated violations of the emigration laws by local officials; shipment of Conrad Hort, a pauper, by town of Woelflinswyl to save expense of his maintenance; protest, and demand for punishment of the guilty parties. 800
511 Same to same (No. 20) Nov. 18 Emigration from Europe to the United States: Continuance and increase of; while resulting in much benefit to the country, still their indisposition to assimilate with republican institutions presents a serious problem for America, measures to effect this suggested through appeal to the religious element of the emigrant mind and systematic missionary work. 801
512 Same to same (No. 23). Dec. 5 Public instruction law of 1848: Article 27 of the constitution providing for compulsory education and freedom of faith in public schools; law to carry the article into operation enacted by Federal Council ratified by a vote of the people; the discussion growing out of it between the conservatives and liberals resolved itself into a question of the sovereignty of the cantons, and the elimination of religious instruction in the public schools. 804
513 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Cramer (No. 16). Dec. 6 Assisted emigration to United States: Shipment of a pauper and drunkard; protest of minister I to the Swiss Confederation approved. 805
514 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 33). 1883. Jan. 23 Assisted emigration to the United States; case of a pauper sent from Woelflinswyl; the authorities insist that the man was not objectionable and that there was no violation of the law; correspondence controverting such explanation inclosed. 806
515 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Cramer (No. 24). Feb. 15 Assisted emigration to the United States: While the charge of Hort being a pauper may not be established, still Switzerland should be impressed that United States objects to assisted emigration of objectionable emigrants. 807
516 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 68). July 5 Assisted emigration to United States: Shipment of deaf and dumb from town asylum; protest against, by the legation; copy of, inclosed. 808
517 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Cramer (No. 59). Oct. 18 Assisted emigration to the United States: Copy of letter from Secretary of Treasury relative to, inclosed. 809
[Page LXV]

turkey.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
518 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 126). 1882. Sept. 28 Right of American citizens in Turkey to convey real estate: Case of Alexander Sidi; authorities refuse to transfer his real property in his name or that of his sons (the latter native-born Americans), on the ground that he was of Ottoman birth; property in his name to become vacant property after his death; Turkish Government requested to permit the transfer of property to the sons, and to give a statement of the law by Which the father is denied the right. 809
519 Same to same (No. 134) Oct. 15 Case of Dr. Frederick L. Kingsbury: Indicted under the Bulgarian law for practicing medicine without a license from the medical council of Sofia; his efforts to procure such license, and evident reluctance of Bulgarian authorities to grant it, although he proved his capabilities to practice medicine. The question of Bulgaria’s relations to Turkey. 812
520 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 27). Oct. 26 Rights of Americans to convey real estate in Turkey: The protocol and the law of August 11, 1874, are integral parts of President’s proclamation of October 29, 1874; the omission in the protocol to refer to any particular clause of the law does not preclude United States from demanding privileges for benefit of Ottoman naturalized. 815
521 Same to same (No. 33) Nov. 16 Case of Dr. Kingsbury: Indicted in Bulgaria for practicing without license; his rights should be assured by existing treaty and demand of treatment of the most favored nation; thanks to British minister for his courtesy. 815
522 Mr. Heap to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 147). Dec. 2 Imprisoned Greeks at Janina: Release of, through offices of Minister Wallace. 816
523 Same to same (No. 148) Dec. 3 Case of Dr. Frederick L. Kingsbury: His difficulties with Bulgarian authorities satisfactorily arranged, and permission granted him to practice medicine. 817
524 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 158). Dec. 25 Release of six Greeks imprisoned at Stamboul: Through the intercession of the United States minister the Sultan causes their release; expressions of gratitude to the minister and friendship to his Government by the Greek Syllogos. 817
525 Same to same (No. 159) 1883. Jan. 1 American alcohols in Turkey: Customs tax on; largely in excess of the treaty provision Claim of Turkey that it is a tax on the manufacture of alcoholic drinks and that importers willingly pay it; denial of United States minister of these statements, and notice of Turkey called to provisions of the treaty of 1862. 819
526 Same to same (No. 160). Jan. 3 Right of American citizens in Turkey to convey real estate: Case of Mr. Alexander Sidi and sons; action of the Sublime Porte contested. 821
527 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 42). Jan. 16 Concession for storage of petroleum: The charge under, besides being exorbitant, is a discrimination in favor of Russian product; urge upon Turkey the modification of this concession; copy of communication of from Senator Camden relative to, inclosed. 822
528 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 166). Jan. 18 American Bible Society: Decision of Turkish Government to affix a seal to volumes examined by the authorities; objections of the Bible Society to the plan; impracticability of bringing together all books now on sale in the interior for the purpose of affixing the seal; heavy losses entailed thereby on the book trade; modifications of plan suggested to Turkish Government. 824
529 Same to same (No. 168) Jan. 25 Attack upon the house of Rev. Mr. Cole, of Erzingan: Call upon authorities for prosecution of the Americans who took part in the outrage; reply of the minister of foreign Affairs. 828
530 Same to same (No. 169) Jan. 25 Concession for storage of petroleum: Its disadvantage to American shippers; communication from merchants of Constantinople protesting against the concession; minister’s protest and anneal to Turkish minister of foreign affairs. 829
531 Mr. Davis to Mr. Wallace (No. 47). Jan. 29 Imprisoned Greeks at Janina: Release of, at the intercession of Mr. Wallace; satisfaction of United States at this manifestation on part of Turkey. 831
[Page LXVI]532 Mr. Davis to Mr. Wallace (No. 49). Jan. 30 American alcohol in Turkey: The subjection of, to any internal-revenue charge after it has paid the tariff import duty until it has been changed by manufacture is contrary to the treaty engagements; Mr. Wallace’s action reported in his No. 159 approved. 832
533 Mr. Frelinghuysen Mr. Wallace (No. 52). Feb. 12 American Bible Society: Proposition of Turkey to affix seals upon unobjectionable books; minister’s objections to the plan, and declining to appoint a delegate for that purpose, approved. 832
534 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 175). Feb. 13 Right of American citizens in Turkey to convey real estate: Case of Mr. Alexander Sidi; right conceded to his sons, but denied him, because he was an Ottoman subject, born in Smyrna. Further appeal in Mr. Alexander Sidi’s behalf by U. S. minister. 833
535 Same to same (No. 178) Feb. 20 Concession for storage of petroleum: Suspension of the same at the instance of the United States minister. 834
536 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 55). Feb. 27 Outrage upon Mr. Cole, an American missionary: Attack on his residence by a mob; prompt action of legation to secure punishment of the offenders approved. 835
537 Same to same (No. 56). Feb. 28 Concession for storage of petroleum; Onerous character of minister’s action in protesting against, approved. 835
538 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 189). Mar. 14 Commercial treaty of 1862: Turkey gives notice of desire for termination of; also of basis of a new treaty; thereby import duties would be increased to 20 per cent, ad valorem; treaties with other powers cannot be abrogated for some time, whereby duties as to them will remain at 8 per cent.; copies of notes of the minister for foreign affairs covering these matters inclosed. 836
539 Same to same (No. 205) Apr. 12 American Bible Society: Plan proposed by Turkish minister of public instruction to prevent seizures, &c., of its books, by attaching a seal to such volumes as have been inspected and found satisfactory; difficulty of affixing this seal to the volumes already distributed and for sale in the interior of the empire shown as an objection to this plan. 837
540 Same to same (No. 211) May 1 Attack upon the house of Rev. Mr. Cole, of Erzingen: Explanation of the failure of justice in the case denunciation of the one-sided proceedings thus far taken, and an appeal for justice. 839
541 Mr. Davis to Mr. Wallace (No. 79). May 8 American Bible Society: Proposed measures of Turkey for prevention of the seizures of the books of; protest of Mr. Wallace against, approved by the Department. 839
542 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 218). May 15 Permit to print the Bible and New Testament in Arabic characters: Application for the same by Americans and British; note verbale from the Sublime Porte granting the permit on condition that the words “For the use of Protestants” be printed on the cover and first page of each volume. 840
543 Same to same (No. 219) May 19 Tariff between Turkey and the United States: Notice from the Sublime Porte that the tariff ceased to have force as a law on the 13th of March last, and that the Government had decided to collect 8 per cent. dues ad valorem on merchandise imported until a new arrangement is effected; objections of United States minister that tariff can only expire at the same time as the commercial treaty. 841
544 Same to same (No. 220) May 22 Petroleum concession: Council of state declines to comply with request of Roumania, Russia, and America for suspension of; application will at once be made directly to the Sultan for relief. 842
545 Same to same (No. 222) May 23 Tariff between Turkey and the United States: Notice of appointment of delegates for its revision on the part of Turkey; request that the United States delegate be appointed; British charge’s views on the subject of tariff revision between Turkey and his government. 843
546 Same to same (No. 225) May 29 Concession for storage of petroleum in Constantinople: Turkish minister of foreign affairs sustains it against appeal of United States, Russian, and Roumanian Governments, on the grounds of prevention of danger and of public utility. 844
[Page LXVII]547 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 227). June 4 Concession for storage of petroleum in Constantinople: Minister’s note to the Sultan, appealing against the grant to Sami Bey of the privileges of (1) estsblishing depots on the upper Bosporus for the storage of petroleum imported into Constantinople, and (2) of collecting charges for such storage, on the ground that commerce in the article mentioned is in danger of ruin, for the exclusive benefit of a private person. 845
548 Same to same (No. 229) June 8 Revision of the commercial treaty of 1862 with Turkey: Desire of Government for a revision that will not place the United States at a disadvantage, compared with other nations, in its relations with Turkey; revision desired to take effect when similar engagements with other powers shall become operative. 848
549 Same to same (No. 233) June 13 American Bible Society: Permit to print the Bible and New Testament in Arabic characters; agreement between United States minister and Her Majesty’s chargé d’affaires to send an identic note verbale to the Sublime Porte, objecting to the condition under which the permit was given, viz, that the words “For the use of Protestants” be printed on the cover and first page of each copy. 849
550 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 88). June 14 Concession for the storage of petroleum decision of the council of state conflicts with the international engagement of Turkey; trusts that the intercession with the Sultan may secure a modification of; views of the Russian and Roumanian ministers on the subject requested. 849
551 Same to same (No. 89) June 14 Commercial treaty of 1862: Must be considered in force, subject to question as to date when the denunciation becomes effective; minister’s protest relative to. approved. 850
552 Same to same (No. 90.) June 14 Commercial treaty of 1862: Revision of the tariff of; designation of Consul-General Heap as commissioner on part of the United States; his action not to be binding until approved by this Government. 850
553 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 234). June 18 Attempted murder of Rev. Mr. Knapp and Dr. Reynolds, American missionaries: Letter from the latter to Mr. Wallace, giving a narrative of the robbery and attempted murder of the missionaries named by three Koords, with an account of their sufferings and final escape; apathy of the authorities; interest of the British consul. 850
554 Same to same (No. 235) June 19 Arrest and imprisonment of American Dr. Pflaum: An unjustifiable outrage and disregard of treaty rights; satisfaction and indemnity therefor demanded by the legation; correspondence relative to. inclosed. 853
555 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 92). June 22 Missionary troubles; assault upon G. C. Knapp and G. C. Raynolds; investigation of, and report on, requested; copy of a letter from American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions in relation to, inclosed. 864
556 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 241). June 30 Petroleum storage concession: Minister of interior’s promise of modification of, to the statu quo ante; this change due to legation’s direct recourse to the Sultan. 865
557 Same to same (No. 243) July 10 Commercial treaty of 1862: Turkey accepts 5th June, 1883, as starting point of twenty-first terminal year; Department’s views as to revision of tariff clause will be submitted as a compromise and will probably be accepted; copy of note from foreign office inclosed. 865
558 Mr. Davis to Mr. Wallace (No. 100). July 10 Assault upon and robbery of Messrs. Knapp and Raynolds by Koords; prompt action of legation approved; hope that the offenders will be punished; thanks of Department to Mr. Wyndham, Her Majesty’s representative, for courteous assistance in this matter. 866
559 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 245). July 12 Commercial treaty: Revision of, and of customs tariff; incloses copy of note to foreign office to the effect that as treaty was in its fourth year it is beyond revision or alteration except by common consent; and that United States will agree on the revision of the tariff clauses. 867
[Page LXVIII]560 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 251). July 20 Commercial treaty: Decision as to revision of, delayed by reason of religious rites; expedient that United States wait until other powers have acted on Question. 870
561 Same to same (No. 255) July 26 Missionary troubles at Shockmazman: Refusal of governor-general of Adana to reply to complaint by United States consul; remonstrance by legation; the ejected missionaries will probably be returned; correspondence inclosed. 871
562 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 109). July 27 Outrage upon Dr. Pflaum, citizen of United States: Action of legation in demanding indemnity, and dismissal of offending officials, approved. 873
563 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 258). July 31 Petroleum storage concession: Sublime Porte’s declination of responsibility for dues paid under; objections of legation; co-operation of Russia in; correspondence in relation to, inclosed. 874
564 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 115). Aug. 9 Commercial treaty; although a fourth period of seven years has begun, the United States favor such a revision of the tariff clause as to bring their engagement with Turkey in harmony with her like engagements with other powers. 876
565 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 262). Aug. 10 Petroleum storage, monopoly of dues for: Exorbitant fees paid by Meissner, Ackermann & Co.; protest against, and demand for refund of, delayed for instruction from the Department. 877
566 Same to same (No. 264) Aug. 14 American Bible House in Constantinople: Arrangement made to prevent future seizure of Bibles by the authorities. 878
567 Same to same (No. 266) Aug. 14 Concession for the storage of petroleum: To be investigated and reported on by a commission designated by council of state; Mr. Heap to represent the legation before commission. 878
568 Same to same (No. 267) Aug. 22 Outrage upon Dr. Pflaum, a citizen of the United States: Additional correspondence relative to, inclosed. 879
569 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 123). Aug. 31 Concession for storage of petroleum: Responsibility for dues paid under, declined by Turkey, as the alleged non-liability is based on her claim of right to make the concession itself, which is denied by the United States, who insist on Turkey’s obligation to refund such dues; request to be made pro forma. 880
570 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 272). Sept. 7 Outrage on Dr. Knapp by Koords: Letter of Knapp corroborating report made through British embassy; note to foreign office based on; copies of correspondence inclosed. 881
571 Same to same (No. 274) Sept. 12 Outrage upon Drs. Knapp and Raynolds: Additional correspondence relative to, correcting omissions in previous correspondence with the foreign office; copies of correspondence with British embassy inclosed. 882
572 Same to same (No. 275) Sept. 14 Outrage upon Drs. Knapp and Raynolds: Courteous assistance of British embassy in this case; acknowledgment of, by Department, conveyed to Mr. Wyndham; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 886
573 Same to same (No. 283) Oct. 3 Treaty right of Americans in Turkey: Deprivation of, in the arrest, imprisonment of, and assault upon Dr. Pflaum by local authorities; demand for damages for violation of Article IV of treaty of 1830; question of, transferred to imperial ministry of justice. 887
574 Same to same (No. 287) Oct. 15 Petroleum commission: Its labors will result in a compromise; Mr. Wallace will insist that all petroleum shall pay storage at the same rate. 887
575 Mr. Heap to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 296). Oct. 31 Outrage upon Drs. Knapp and Raynolds: Officials of Bitlis and Van who connived at this outrage to be dismissed; British consul instructed by Lord Dufferin to aid our. missionaries at Erzroum. 888
576 Same to same (No. 298) Nov. 15 Outrage on Drs. Knapp and Raynolds: Delay in obtaining redress; courteous action of Lord Dufferin and British consul at Erzroum; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 888
[Page LXIX]

correspondence with the legation of turkey.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
577 Aristarchi Bey to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1882. Nov. 25 Straits of the Dardanelles and Bosporus: Passage of, by vessels laden with dynamite; prohibition proposed by Sublime Porte, with common consent of other powers; concurrence of United States requested: dispatch of Turkish foreign office relative to. inclosed. 891
578 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Gregoire Aristarchi Bey. Dec. 4 Straits of the Dardanelles and Bosporus: Passage, of, by vessels laden with dynamite; proposal of Turkey to prohibit, with common consent of other powers; United States cannot assent to general prohibition, because it would be tantamount to enlarging the international definition of contraband of war; will favorably consider any plan for the regulation of the conveyance of explosives which does not interfere with peaceful and legitimate commerce. 892

venezuela.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
579 Mr. Baker to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 600). 1882. Dec. 29 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped by way of colonial ports to Venezuela: Injurious effects of, on commerce urged on Venezuela; it is inconsistent with the development of intimate commercial relations between the two republics; asks prompt consideration and application of, necessary for the hardship of the operation of the law; copy of Mr. Bakers note to minister of foreign affairs inclosed. 893
580 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 196). 1883. Jan. 16 Arrest, imprisonment, and torture of John E. Wheelock by civil officers: Claim of indemnity therefor against Venezuela to be pressed for adjustment on every suitable occasion. 896
581 Mr. Davis to Mr. Baker (No. 199). Jan. 18 Custody of papers of vessels of foreign nations in Venezuelan ports: Note of British minister relative to: copy of inclosed. 897
582 Mr. Baker to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 617). Feb. 3 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: Modification of law imposing; transshipment, disembarkation, and re-embarkation in foreign colonies without the merchandise being considered as proceeding from such colonies; request of Venezuela that the United States will interest themselves in the request that Great Britain will consent to a modification of their treaty; copy of decree and correspondence inclosed. 897
583 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 208). Feb. 24 Claim of John E. Wheelock for imprisonment and torture: The gravity of the outrage, and the delay of Venezuela m settling it, is little less than a denial of justice; minister should not wait for a convenient opportunity, but should, on receipt of this instruction, press the desire of the President for a speedy adjustment of the claim; copy of letter relative to inclosed. 900
584 Same to same (No. 210) Mar. 10 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: Satisfaction at the modification of the practice by Venezuela; copy of a letter on that subject from Bonlton. Bliss & Dalloti inclosed. 901
585 Same to same (No. 215) Mar. 19 Claim of John E. Wheelock: President expects an immediate adjustment of this long-deferred just claim for justice; copy of letter from claimant to the President inclosed. 902
586 Same to same (No. 216) Mar. 23 Custody of papers of foreign vessels in Venezuelan ports: Modification of the law of; co-operation of Great Britain; copy of note from British minister on the subject inclosed. 904
587 Mr. Baker to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 657). Mar. 29 Claims of the United States against Venezuela: Stoppage of payments on, determined by Venezuela; this action induced in view of the action of the United States Congress providing for a new mixed commission for the revision of the awards of the former commission; Mr. Baker declines to express any opinion a3 to Venezuela’s action. 904
588 Same to same (No. 659) Mar. 29 Arrest, imprisonment, and torture of John E. Wheelock: Claim against Venezuela for indemnity therefor; pursuant to Department instruction No.205 immediate settlement of, urged; prompt action promised. 906
[Page LXX]589 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 219). Apr. 17 Claims of the United States against Venezuela: Suspension of the monthly payments on; Venezuela notified that United States regards this action as premature and in contravention of existing engagements; resumption of payments requested; copy of note relative to, addressed to M. Comacho, inclosed. 906
590 Mr. Baker to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 669). Apr. 21 Arrest, imprisonment, and torture of John E. Wheelock: Venezuela not disposed to comply with request for settlement of claim; Department’s No. 215, presenting urgency of adjustment of the case, sent to minister of foreign affairs without eliciting any reply. 907
591 Same to same (No. 678) May 2 Claims of United States against Venezuela: Suspension of payment on; copy of protest of United States against, delivered to minister of foreign affairs. 908
592 Same to same (No. 683) May 6 Arrest, imprisonment, and torture of John E. Wheelock: Incloses note and report from foreign office relative to; that ineffectual steps have been taken for punishment of the torturers; Venezuela reasserts that she is not responsible for injury from the said acts of her officials. 908
593 Same to same (No. 686) May 11 Custody of ship’s papers in ports of Venezuela: Copy of memorandum of reasons of United States for change of law of, inclosed; that it would not be an innovation to deposit ships’, registers with the consuls of the respective nations; existing rule is in contravention of the spirit of reciprocity; danger of loss of papers no sufficient reason for its continuance, and does not provide against frauds; hopes the modification Will be made. 919
594 Same to same (No. 688) May 15 Custody of papers of foreign vessels in Venezuelan ports: British minister coincides with views of Mr. Baker, and has so informed Venezuela; German minister has applied to his Government for instructions. 921
595 Same to same (No. 711) June 7 Claims of the United States against Venezuela: Suspension of payments of; reply to United States’ request for resumption of payments; Venezuela does not disavow convention of 1866; fraud, tainted awards based on it; payments made go further than justice demands; abides by its decision of depositing the credits in Caracos instead of Washington; copy of note of Mr. Seyas inclosed. 921
596 Same to same (No. 720) June 26 Locusts: Visitation of, to Venezuela; description and effects of. 925
597 Same to same (No. 721) June 28 Railway from La Guayra to Caracas: The first train through, and concourse of people to withess the occurrence; description of the road; its picturesque course; its influence on future efforts at railroad building, on commerce and industries. 925
598 Same to same (No. 750) Sept. 19 Centennial celebration of the birth of Bolivar: Gives detailed account of the ceremonies of that occasion. 926
599 Same to same (No. 751) Sept. 19 Statue of George Washington: Unveiling of, on the occasion of the centennial celebration of Bolivar; ceremonies and speeches, report of, inclosed. 927
600 Same to same (No. 768) Oct. 15 Custody of papers of foreign vessels in Venezuelan ports: Subject of modification was presented to the legislature and referred to a committee, but failed of final action on account of the Bolivar festivities; will be acted on at next session of the legislature; copies of correspondence enclosed. 931
601 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 253). Nov. 16 Claim of John E. Wheelock against Venezuela for torture by officials: Failure of indemnification is regarded by United States not only as harsh to Mr. Wheelock but unfriendly to United States; the settlement of pending questions with Venezuela would be facilitated by consideration of United States’ complaint in this case. 933