No. 461.
Mr. Phelps to Mr. Frelinghuysen.

No. 34.]

Sir: There is not much change to report in the affairs of this Republic outside of Lima. Some of the Montenero chiefs in the north have, on hearing of events at Arequipa, submitted themselves to the Iglesias government, while considerable numbers of additional troops have been sent north to put down those chiefs who have not surrendered. A force has also gone against those who are now styled rebels in Junin.

The Indian difficulties continue in the interior, and reports of great barbarities reach us. At Cuzco matters are apparently in statu quo. The Chilian force that was, according to the reports of Chilian officials, near that city, it now appears is at Ayacucho. Some mystery exists in connection with the position of this force and the condition of affairs at Cuzco. General Iglesias told me he would advise me the moment he had favorable news of reliable character from Cuzco, and it is now almost a month since the overthrow of the Monteros, yet no information reaches us from that most populous of all the departments of Peru.

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I have, &c.,