No. 350.
Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen.

No. 537.]

Sir: On the morning of the 27th instant Hon. J. B. Damier called at this legation and advised me that on the 25th instant one hundred and six Haytian exiles had quitted Inagua upon a small steamship of [Page 578] 200 tons, flying the flag of the United States, ostensibly for Port Antonio, Jamaica. Thanking him for the information given, I assured him that I should take good note of such intelligence. In the evening of the same day the news reached this capital that such exiles had, early in the morning of the 27th instant, landed at and taken Miragoâne. The report proved to be true, and at once the Government entered upon special arrangement for transportation and adjustment of its troops for attack and rout if possible, of such insurgents. During the 28th, 29th and 30th instant, while considerable excitement prevailed in this city generally, the Government moved steadily though leisurely forward with its preparations. Up to this time it is reported that the Government has sent forward some twelve hundred men, and that to-morrow morning it will make an attack by land and sea, hoping thus to crush this rebellious movement in a single well-directed general effort.

I have the honor to inclose and transmit herewith a copy and translation of a dispatch of Mr. J. B. Damier, dated the 29th instant, in which he dwells upon the purposes of the Government as regards this subject, in which he advises me to bring such purposes to the attention of my citizens, as well to those resident at Miragoâne as those temporarily there with their ships. He expresses the hope that our consular agents, as well as our captains of ships, will be instructed not to give protection to the insurgents should they be defeated, and closes by tendering, in the assured conviction that he has interpreted correctly the judgment of our Government in his communication, his most exalted consideration.

I have this morning acknowledged simply, in a brief note, a copy of; which is herewith transmitted, the receipt of Mr. Damiers dispatch.

What will be the result of the struggle at Miragoâne between the Government and the insurgents under Boyer Bazelais no one can say. It looks, however, that although the insurgents are well armed, are resolute and are well fortified, the Government would, with its great force, crush them at once.

So far the country generally seems to be entirely peaceable, while no popular disposition has discovered itself in any quarter outside of Miragoâne to rebel against the Government.

I am, &c.,

[Inclosure 1 in No. 537.—Translation.]

Mr. Damier to Mr. Langston.

Mr. Minister: The Haytian exiles having he taken themselves, to the number of one hundred and six, to Miragoâne, upon a steamer hearing the flag of a friendly power, and having there proclaimed insurrection, the Government will commence operations against that city by land and by sea.

I have the honor to hold you advised of this disposition, which I pray you to bring to the knowledge of your citizens, in order that they may take the measures which such a case may require.

The Government, Mr. Minister, is pleased to hope that it will find on your part a strict observance of international law in these circumstances, as the friendly relations which exist between the Government of the United States and Hayti may lead it to expect of you.

In presence of a fact which threatens the country with all the horrors of civil war, and the idea of which, for a long time matured abroad, is put in execution upon the [Page 579] soil of Hayti by those very persons who have dreneched our cities in Mood, the Government cannot doubt that you would order your agents to refuse all asylum in case of defeat to the incorrigible disturbers, to the individuals condemned to death since the month of April of last year for crimes of common law, and which your flag cannot protect in this quality without a formal derogation of the principles of private’ law as well as those of international law.

I have the honor to bring to your attention the duty of the Government to act and ‘to proceed energetically in the case, taking every precaution to do as little evil as possible. In this provision I pray you to invite the captains of vessels of your nationality to withdraw at a distance from the place where they are anchored at this moment, and not to receive on board insurgents ‘in flight, veritable pirates, who can have no right to any protection.

In this connection I seize, &c.,

[Inclosure 2 in No. 537.]

Mr. Langston to Mr. Damier.

Sir: The undersigned has the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your dispatch dated March 29, 1883, having reference to the condition of affairs at Miragoâne, and to tender you his thanks therefor.

With sentiments, &c.,