List of papers, with their subjects.

argentine republic.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1 Mr. Thomas O. Osborn to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 350). 1882. Feb. 10 Military service: Liability to, of an Argentine resident after naturalization in the United States claimed on the ground that all born on Argentine soil are Argentines; suggestion of arrangement with United States to regulate such cases; meanwhile in Rowe’s case appeal to be made to federal judge. 1
2 Same to same (No. 359) May 18 Political: Copy of President’s message to Argentine Congress inclosed; internal peace and progress of the country; increase of immigration; recognition of kindly offices of United States minister in the limits question with Chili. 2
3 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Thomas O. Osborn (No. 168). June 19 Military service: Liability to of an Argentine resident after naturalization in United States; naturalized citizens of United States abroad, entitled to all the rights that a native American would possess, except in case of a relinquishment of his acquired citizenship; the submission of, in Rowe’s case, unfortunate. 3
4 Same to same (No. 169) Aug. 9 Peace congress of American governments; postponement of, and reasons for same. 4

austria-hungary.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
5 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 63). Apr. 20 Trade with Egypt and Turkey: The high favor among Eastern people in which Americans and American institutions are held, opens to Americans a field for profitable enterprise. 5

belgium.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
6 Mr. Putnam to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 127). Jan. 24 Extradition: Treaty of, between Belgium and Italy; revision of, provides for trial for other offenses than the one for which party was extradited, and the transfer by state first in possession of extradited party to a third country: copy of, inclosed; all the result of the negotiations in the Collins Bros. case. 6
7 Same to same (No. 140) Mar. 22 Copy-right, trade and commerce: Treaties of, between Belgium and France; copies of, inclosed; ratified by Belgium; time for ratification of, by France extended; review of provisions of. 7
8 Same to same (No. 153) May 24 Public instruction law: Maintenance of, the only grave question between the Liberals and Catholics in the approaching election of members of new Parliament; attempt of the Catholics to evade purpose of law of 1879, and give the Catholic Church the control of the schools; copy of mandate of the bishops, and extract from Brussels Courier relative to, inclosed. 11
9 Same to same (No. 157) June 8 Marriage ceremony in Belgium: amendment of civil code relative to, authorizing Belgian diplomatic and consular agents to perform; copy of, and “expose des notifs” of the amendment inclosed. 13
[Page XXX]10 Mr. Putnam to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 159). 1882. June 15 Political: Public instruction law of 1879; victory of the Liberals in late election assures the maintenance of law of 1879; suspension of diplomatic relations with the Vatican will be continued; dissensions in Liberal party on account of question of universal suffrage. 15
11 Mr. Fish to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 15). July 27 Assisted emigration: Legislative action in Great Britain in aid of, as an economical means of relieving Ireland of its overpopulation; result will be to burden United States with pauperism, unless appropriate legislative action be made. 16
12 Same to same (No. 17) July 31 Assisted emigration: Russians sent back at expense of United States; censure of United States for, by public press, exemplifies the opinion that “anybody is good enough for America.” 18

bolivia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
13 Mr. Adams to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 92). Feb. 27 Peace congress of American governments: Invitation to Bolivia to take part in, delivered; will probably be accepted; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 19

brazil.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
14 Mr. Thomas A. Osborn to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 12). Feb. 9 Peace congress of American governments: Views of United States as to, conveyed to Brazil favorably received by the Emperor; Brazil will probably send two representatives to. 20
15 Same to same (No. 13) Feb. 10 Peace congress of American governments: Brazil accepts invitation to take part in, and will send two representatives; note of minister of foreign affairs relative to, inclosed. 21
16 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Thomas A. Osborn (No. 22). Mar. 14 Peace congress of American governments: Gratification of United States at Brazil’s prompt acceptance of invitation to send representatives to. 21
17 Mr. Thomas A. Osborn to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 21). Mar. 23 Peace congress of American governments: Discussion of, in Senate and official organ of Brazil; objections to, that the action of, does not include means of enforcing its determinations; fear of the supposed aggrandizing policy of United States; European influence at work to enforce these objections; rumor of official announcement to Chili of the indefinite postponement of. 22
18 Same to same (No. 30) May 17 Boundary dispute between Argentine Republic and Brazil: War imminent if Argentine Republic takes possession of the disputed territory in violation of agreement for non-exercise of sovereignty in; protests of Brazil against; newspaper extracts relative to, inclosed. 25
19 Same to same (No. 35) June 10 Bolivian commerce; conduct of, on the Amazon River: Treaty conceding to Bolivia use of railway around certain cataracts, thereby enabling the latter to avail itself of the navigation of the Amazon for exportation and importation; Mr. Church, an American, will probably be granted Right to construct the railway 28
20 Same to same (No. 36) June 17 Peace congress of American governments: Incloses report of minister of foreign affairs relative to; Brazil adheres to the acceptance of United States invitation to participate in, and desires early information as to whether congress will he held. 29
21 Same to same (No. 37) June 19 Uruguay and Brazil: Rupture of relations between, imminent on account of unsettled condition of Brazil’s claims for impressment of its citizens by Uruguayan soldiers and default in payment of its debt to Brazil; rumored that settlement of the questions may be effected by cession of territory of Uruguay. 30
22 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Thomas A. Osborn (No. 36). July 26 Debt of Uruguay to Brazil: United States would not encourage the cancellation of a debt of that republic by any transfer of its territory, if the government thereof would thereby cease to be republican. 32
[Page XXXI]

central america.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
23 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 273). 1882. Mar. 3 Peace congress of American governments: Incloses article from official organ of Guatamala, commendatory of, and felicitating the United States as being pre-eminently the republic to successfully accomplish the grand purpose of the congress. 32
24 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Logan (No. 196). Mar. 14 Maritime Canal Company of Nicaragua: Amendment to bill incorporating, that the possession of canal by the United States be subject to sovereign rights of Nicaragua; copy of bill inclosed. 34
25 Mr. Logan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 280). Mar. 21 Maritime Canal Company of Nicaragua: Telegram received; extension for time of commencement of work of; no probability of any concessions to foreign companies adverse to interests of America. 34
26 Same to same (No. 281) Mar. 22 Peace congress of American governments: Cordial acceptance by Honduras of invitation to send commissioners to; Costa Rica, while approving objects of, waits until advised that the congress will not be postponed; correspondence inclosed. 35
27 Same to same (No. 284) Apr. 3 Maritime Canal Company of Nicaragua: Contract of Nicaragua and A. P. Blanchet for construction of a canal between Lakes Managua and Nicaragua; the interests of the American concession are expressly guarded by the provisions of articles 25 and 27, and provision is made for the purchase from Blanchet. 36
28 Mr. Titus to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 5). May 12 Guatemala and Mexico: Boundary dispute between; incloses copies of notes relative to, exchanged between Guatemalian minister of foreign affairs and Mexican minister; President Barrios authorized to definitely arrange dispute. 42
29 Mr. Hall to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 9). Aug. 29 President Barrios, visit of, to United States: Gratitude of Guatemala for attention to, on that occasion; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 46
30 Same to same (No. 18) Sept. 21 Peace congress of American governments: Notices of postponement of, to all of the Central American States; regret of Guatemala at the failure of such an important project and hope for its revival at an early day. 47
31 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hall (No. 14). Sept. 20 Courtesies to President Barrios: It was a gratification to United States by that mode to manifest its sympathy and friendship for a sister republic. 48
32 Mr. Hall to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 20). Sept. 29 Invasion of Guatemala by expeditions from border states of Mexico: To entice or compel inhabitants to adherence to public acts of annexation to Mexico; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 49
33 Same to same (No. 23) Oct. 9 Central and South American Telegraph Company: Opening of, to public service through Republic of Salvador; copy of contract of, with Republic of Guatemala inclosed; reasons for landing cable at La Libertad. 51

chili.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
34 Mr. Trescot to Mr. Blaine (No. 1). 1881. Dec. 12 Peace question: Arrival of special commission at Panama; non-arrival of instructions to United States ministers relative to, and invitations to Chili, Peru, and Bolivia to peace congress; embarrassment resulting from; invitations should not be delivered without knowledge of Mr. Trescot; Peru; uncertainty of its existence; General Cáceres provisional dictator of; proclamation of; and address of Minister Hurlbut to notables of Lima, inclosed. 54
35 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Trescot (telegram). 1882. Jan. 3 Peace question: Instructed to exert pacific influence and avoid issue leading to his withdrawal from Chili. 56
36 Mr. Frelinghuysen to consul at Panama (telegram). Jan. 4 Peace question: To be mailed to Mr. Trescot; friendly offices of United States impartially to Chili and Peru; pacific influence to be exerted; issue leading to offense to be avoided; Calderon affair will be attended to in Washington. 57
[Page XXXII]37 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Trescot (No. 6). 1882. Jan. 9 Peace question: Recall of that portion of instructions relative to the issue of the Calderon affair; United States, recognizing Chili and Peru as independent republics, has no inclination to dictate as to the merits of the controversy, thereby necessitating the preparation of an army and navy, and consequent taxation of citizens of the United States for the benefit of foreign nations; project of peace congress discouraged. 57
38 Mr. Trescot to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 2). Jan. 13 Peace question: Presentation of credentials as special envoy; exaggerated impression that Mr. Trescot was bearer of demand that Chili make peace on such terms as United States deem just; difficulty in correcting extravagant hopes of Peru. Chili really desires peace, and would gladly find a solution that would relieve it from a prolonged occupation of Peru. Correspondence with Chilian minister of affairs inclosed. 58
39 Same to same (telegram) Jan. 23 Conditions of peace demanded by Chili; indemnity and cession of territory; disclaims intention to offend by removal of Calderon; Chili will facilitate conference with provisional government of Peru, with the exception of Calderon; asks instructions as to interference on conditions named. 61
40 Same to same (No. 5) Jan. 27 Peace question: Interest of all requires prompt decision as to extent of further intervention of the United States; cession of Tarapacá unavoidable unless United States forcibly intervene. Owing to extravagant hopes of Peru, it is uncertain how it will receive any recommendation of the United States; Chili may modify her demands at earnest remonstrance of United States. 61
41 Same to same (No. 6) Jan. 27 Calderon government: Request that Mr. Kilpatrick’s dispatches and instructions in relation to, be not published. Reasons for the request: Bad effect of the publication. 63
42 Same to same (No. 7) Jan. 27 Peace congress of American governments: Thinks the invitation for Chili, Bolivia, and Peru should have been sent to him; that United States ministers at those governments should take no action until after consultation with him. 64
43 Mr. Walker Blaine to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 7). Feb. 3 Peace congress of American governments: Report that United States has abandoned the project of, at the suggestion of minister of foreign affairs, invitation to Chili not delivered. 65
44 Mr. Trescot to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 8). Feb. 3 Peace Congress: Chili declines to receive invitation to, because project for, abandoned by United States, and instructions to Mr. Trescot had been changed; complaint of action of Mr. Hurlbut and Mr. Adams; Mr. Trescot awaits further instructions before further action. 67
45 Same to same (No. 10) Feb. 3 Publication of Mr. Kilpatrick’s dispatches: Alleged misrepresentation of Chili’s position; correspondence with Mr. Balmaceda inclosed as to. 71
46 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Trescot (telegram). Feb. 4 Peace question: Policy of the United States on; to give counsel in negotiation; but in no event, if based on surrender of Tarapacá and indemnity of $20,000,000. 73
47 Same to same (telegram) Feb. 21 Peace question: United States will assent to liberal war indemnity, but not to cession of Tarapacá; desire to urge moderation on part of Chili. 73
48 Same to same (No. 7) Feb. 24 Peace question: Substance of telegrams since January 1; United States desirous that its good offices be made available for restoration of peace; not willing to be medium of a proposal so onerous that it cannot be entertained by Peru; anxious that an honorable peace, leaving Peru a government, be brought about through its friendly offices. 73
49 Mr. Walker Blaine to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 8). Feb. 24 Peace congress: Chill receives the invitation to participate in, as if presented at earlier date; principles of, approved, but reply promised at an early date. 76
[Page XXXIII]50 Mr. Trescot to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). 1882. Feb. 24 Peace question: Chili will not modify peace terms; she is so strong, Peru so weak, that mere friendly intervention will not avail; no use of remaining longer; definite instruction asked. 77
51 Same to same (No. 12) Feb. 24 Peace question: Moderation of terms urged upon Chili in vain; cession of territory and indemnity insisted on: Peru has no capacity of resistance, and Chili will not yield to friendly persuasion; embarrassment by the publication of Chili’s terms confidentially made to United States; communication of United States that it will not negotiate on Chili’s conditions, and Chili’s refusal to modify, practically closes the special mission. 78
52 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Trescot (telegram). Mar. 1 Peace question: Mr. Trescot and Mr. Blaine to remain and report the situation, and improve any opportunity to carry out views of United States. 79
53 Mr. Trescot to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). Mar. 4 Peace question: Instructions carried out scrupulously. 79
54 Same to same (No. 13) Mar. 4 Peace question: Conferences relative to, between Mr. Balmaceda and Mr. Trescot; substance of, embodied in protocol, February 11; Chili maintains conditions of peace set out in protocol; correspondence relative to, and copy of protocol inclosed. 79
55 Same to same (No. 15) Mar. 16 Publication of Mr. Kilpatrick’s dispatches: Copy of Diario Oficial relative to errors in notes of. 85
56 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Trescot (No. 8). I Mar. 18 Proposal for joint mediation of Brazil and Argentine Republic for peace between Chili and Peru: No. 337, from Buenos Ayres, relative to, inclosed; also copy of memorandum of similar action of Argentine Republic between belligerents on west coast of South America in 1880. 85
57 Mr. Trescot to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No 19). Apr. 5 Peace question: Has notified provisional government of Peru of the terms of settlement offered as a basis of the United States’ offer of good offices. 89
58 Same to same (telegram) Apr. 12 Peace question: Bases of negotiations can be obtained. 89
59 Same to same (telegram) May 3 Peace question: Peru asks Chili to recognize provisional government of Peru and allow meeting of Congress; urged compliance of Chili. 90
60 Same to same (No. 24) May 3 Peace question: Credentials and terms of negotiation acceptable to Chili presented to Montero; Peru anxious for peace, but not on terms of Chili; Peru desires the recognition of Montero as provisional executive, and granting of armistice to enable calling of Congress; practical result of negotiation probable; correspondence relative to, inclosed. 90
61 Same to same (No. 25) May 9 Peace question: Incloses dispatches from Walker Blaine, referring to his visit to Bolivia. 95
62 Same to same (No. 26) June 5 Peace negotiations: Hesitation of Chili in assenting to Peru’s terms; he believes that Peru still hopes for intervention of United States; probability of Peru applying to European powers in case of failure of United States to intervene. 103
63 Same to same (No. 27) June 10 Peace negotiations: Necessity of hastening; copy of communication from minister of foreign affairs of Peru, reciting acts of vandalism of Chilian forces. 105

correspondence with the legation of chili at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
64 Mr. Martinez to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1881. Dec. 28 Political: Old parties of Peru in a state of anarchy; Montero assumes the Presidency; Señor Cáceres proclaimed President by his troops. 107
65 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Martinez. 1882. Jan. 7 Political: Gratification at assurance that Chili, in arrest and imprisonment of Calderon, was not instigated by unfriendly feeling to United States. 108
66 Mr. Martinez to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Jan. 10 Political: Details causes which compelled Chili to arrest and imprison Calderon; his action in violation of his promises and the interests of Chili. 108
[Page XXXIV]67 Mr. Martinez to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1882. Jan. 10 Political: Corrects errors as to meaning of terms “notables of Lima,” “constitutional and revolutionary President”: Whenever Chilian army shall abandon the Peruvian capital anarchy will reign, and for this Peru will be responsible. 111
68 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Martinez. Jan. 16 Political: Gratification of United States at the assurances of his note of the 10th instant, relative to intentions of Chili in the Calderon affair. 113
69 Mr. Martinez to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Jan. 18 Peruvian affairs: Discharge of municipal authorities of Lima by Chilian army; four alleged supreme chiefs in Peru; copy of General Hurlbut’s letter to Chief Cáceres inclosed. 114

china.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
70 Mr. Holcombe to Mr. Blaine (No. 28). 1881. Dec. 16 Great Northern Telegraph Company: The exclusive right of, to construct cable not approved by His Imperial Majesty; assurance of foreign office that United States will be able to make satisfactory arrangements with China when they desire to lay any cable in China; correspondence with Prince Kung inclosed. 115
71 Mr. Holcombe to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 36). Dec. 27 Outward transit passes: Progress of negotiations relative to; discussion of the right of foreigners to engage in manufactures at the ports; and of duties and dues upon native produce bought or manufactured at open ports and not reported; papers relative to, inclosed. 117
72 Same to same (No. 54) 1882. Jan. 21 Shanghai Harbor: Improvement of; contract entered into for dredging Woosung bar and deepening channel between Shanghai and the sea; sketch of plan of the work proposed; newspaper extract relative to, inclosed. 120
73 Same to same (No. 59) Feb. 2 Shanghai Harbor: Improvement of; work is to be done at expense of China, no tax therefor being laid upon commerce of Shanghai; conveyed congratulations of United States. 122
74 Same to same (No. 66) Feb. 21 Shanghai land regulations: Question of their legality raised in case of tax imposed on an American citizen: copy of an order in council issued by Great Britain, authorizing her ministers in China to make such, in the interest of British subjects, inclosed: suggests similar action by United States in the interest of their citizens in Shanghai; decision of the consul, Denny, in case above referred to. 123
75 Same to same (No. 72) Mar. 4 Right of foreigners to buy lands outside of the “foreign concessions”: Copy of proclamation of magistrate of Loo Chow that the exercise of, by foreign missionaries for the promulgation of doctrines of Christianity is in accordance with treaty stipulations, inclosed. 132
76 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Holcombe (No. 160). Apr. 21 Opium, importation of, by Chinese subjects: Incloses copies of circular of United States Treasury enjoining enforcement of provisions of article 2 of treaty of November 17, 1880, relative to. 133
77 Mr. Holcombe to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 92). Apr. 29 Outward transit passes: Status of negotiations relative to; foreign office asserts that foreigners have no right to engage in manufacturing in China; the goods so manufactured must be exported and not sold in China; diplomatic body hold that treaty affords no basis for such assumption; no present prospects of adjustment; correspondence inclosed. 134
78 Same to same (No. 99) May 6 Right of missionaries to residence in the interior of China: Question of its being within the scope of the treaty or a tacit concession of, deduced from the frequent instances in which China has permitted the actual residence; correspondence between consular officer and Mr. McKibben, a missionary at Swatow, relative to, in closed. 137
79 Same to same (No. 101) May 9 French occupation of Tonquin: Reports that France has sent a force to that end; annexation of Cambodia and Cochin-China is the ultimate object; China has demanded of French minister an explanation of; newspaper extract relative to, inclosed. 141
80 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Young (No. 17). July 3 Rights of United States citizens in China under treaty stipulations: Exposition of, in Mr. Holcombe’s note of May 6 to Mr. Carrow, approved by the Department. 142
[Page XXXV]

colombia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
81 Mr. Scruggs to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 2). 1882. July 5 Journey to Bogota: Observations on the country, climate, and the people of Colombia; meager facilities for travel; revival of commerce of Cartagena; the vast resources of the Magdalna Valley; difference between the character of the inhabitants of the volcanic region and those of the lower valley. 142
82 Same to same (No 3) July 7 Journey to Bogota from Honda: primitive mode of transportation, variety of climate, and natural productions. 145

france.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
83 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 107) 1882. Jan. 20 American pork, importation of: Copy of bill repealing decree of prohibition of, inclosed; it will probably be adopted; reasons for the decree, fear of disease from trichinosis. 148
84 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morton (No. 96). Feb. 10 American pork: Gratification at the probability of repeal of decree prohibiting importation of. 149
85 Mr. Morton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 130). Feb. 28 American pork: Passage of bill repealing prohibitory decree made less probable by defeat of Gambetta cabinet and renewed publication of cases of trichinosis in American pork. 150
86 Same to same (No. 138) Mar. 17 American pork: Bill to repeal decree prohibiting importation of, favorable report of committee ind cates the passage of the bill; copy of report of Academy of Medicine inclosed. 152
87 Same to same (No. 146) Mar. 31 American pork: Bill to repeal prohibitory decree; passage in the chamber, with an amendment aiming at re-establishment of microscopic examination; it will pass the Senate without change. 153
88 Same to same (No. 191) June 27 American pork: Defeat of the bill to repeal prohibitory decree; claim that it could be withdrawn without any law; this will eventually be done with proper inspection established. 155
89 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morton (No. 152). July 28 American pork: Withdrawal of decree prohibiting importation of; Mr. Morton’s course relative to, approved; no exertion to be spared to effect the withdrawal. 155
90 Mr. Brulatour to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 209). Aug. 10 American corporations in France: Legal status of, to be same as those authorized in United States; Mr. Morton entitled to the credit of obtaining this concession; copy of the decree inclosed. 155

germany.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
91 Mr. Davis to Mr. Everett (No. 301). 1882. Feb. 8 American pork: Importation of, into Germany, prohibition of; letter of Archdeacon & Company, Indianapolis, relative to prohibition of “pigs’ tongues,” inclosed for investigation and report. 157
92 Mr. Everett to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 298). Feb. 23 American pork, prohibition of importation of: Question presented to foreign office whether “pig’s tongues” and “canned brawn” are debarred by the decree. 157
93 Same to same (No. 308) Mar. 27 American pork, prohibition of importation of: Foreign office declines to make an exception to the prohibition in favor of “pigs’ tongues” and “canned brawn.” 158
94 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 19). June 3 Political: Seeming accord of European powers on the eastern question; Germany disposed to give its moral support to France as a means of preventing the return to power of Gambetta. 159
95 Same to same (No. 28) June 19 Adjournment of the Reichstag: But little accomplished in the direction desired by the government; principal measures undisposed of; the plan for insurance of workingmen against accident; revision of the tradelaws; “the tobacco monopoly bill”; statistics showing the importance of this measure. 161
[Page XXXVI]96 Mr. Sargent to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 33). 1882. June 23 Military service case of Boisselier brothers: settlement of, by discharge from citizenship; correspondence relative to the assumption thereby that they were citizens of Germany, inclosed. 164
97 Same to same (No. 45) July 10 Political and military: Influence of Germany in the interest of peace in Egypt; while in this she may be disappointed she contemplates any result with composure; its splendid system of railways as means of offense or defense warrants its confidence in its ability to cope with any possible adversary. 168
98 Same to same (No. 52) Aug. 25 Egyptian question: Resolute action of England in, a surprise to Europe; Germany an indifferent observer of events; but will obstruct measures tending to humilitation of the Porte; the rights of sovereignty of the Porte still unsettled, the aspect they may assume cannot be foretold; the national question in Egypt could only be discussed after Turkey’s attitude in the present of the question was taken. 170
99 Same to same (No. 60) Oct. 2 Egyptian question: Current opinion of Europe since the suppression of the rebellion against the Khédive that the national party had no existence; disposition of Europe to acquiesce in plan of England to restore peace and give a stable administration to Egypt; Germany will countenance the permanent occupation of Egypt. 172
100 Same to same (No. 61) Oct. 2 System of courts of Germany, organization, jurisdiction, constitution of, and mode of practice and procedure in: Report upon by Mr. Coleman inclosed. 174
101 Same to same (No. 65) Oct. 9 Military service required of naturalized American citizens: Inclosed report on cases acted upon by legation from June 30, 1881, to September 1, 1882. 186

great britain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
102 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 300). 1882. Jan. 30 Arrest of American citizens: Incloses correspondence from foreign office relative to requested release of Dennis H. O’Connor; refers to his No. 194. 193
103 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 313). Jan. 31 Arrest of Michael Hart: Instructed to inquire into circumstances of, and report result. 194
104 Mr. Lowell to Mr Frelingheysen (No. 305). Feb. 4 Arrest of American citizens: Incloses letter from Lord Granville, stating that lord-lieutenant of Ireland expressed regret that he cannot order release of D. H. O’Connor at present. 196
105 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (No. 316). Feb. 10 Arrest of Daniel McSweeney: Instructed to inquire into circumstances of, and report result. 196
106 Same to same (No. 317) Feb. 10 Arrest of American citizens: Incloses House Resolution requesting information relative to; full report requested. 198
107 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 322). Feb. 24 Arrest of American citizens: Full report relative to, being prepared; Mr. Davis’s 316 and 317 received. 199
108 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 323). Feb. 28 Protection of Americans in Ottoman Empire by Her Majesty’s consuls: Continuation of, authorized by Lord Granville; the President’s grateful appreciation of this courtesy to be expressed to Lord Granville. 199
109 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 3 Arrest of American citizens: Matter is a subject of inquiry in House of Representatives, and instructs minister to use diligence, especially in cases of Hart and McSweeney. 200
110 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 4 Arrest of American citizens: Refers to cases of O’Connor, Hart, McSweeney, Walsh, McEnery, and D’Alton, and hopes prompt trials will be ordered. 200
111 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). Mar. 4 Arrest of American citizens: Cases of McSweeney and Hart described. 200
112 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 7 Arrest of American citizens: Department’s telegram of March 4 has been obeyed, and Earl Granville states that matter will have immediate attention. 201
[Page XXXVII]113 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 331). 1882. Mar. 14. Arrest of American citizens in Ireland under the “coercion act”: Gives an account of all cases in which his intervention has been asked in accordance with House resolution; refers to Mr. Davis’s Nos. 316 and 317 and his No. 322. 201
114 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (telegram). Mar. 16 Arrest of American citizens: Refers to telegram of March 4, and states that President would be relieved if he could inform Congress that his request regarding Americans had been complied with. 227
115 Same to same (No. 333) Mar. 17 Arrest of Americans in Ireland: Inclosing letter from Hon. Nathaniel P. Hill, relative to case of James L. White; instructed to inquire into case and report facts to Department, meanwhile taking proper action in the matter. 227
116 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 25 Trial of William Lane, a British subject imprisoned in Detroit: States steps taken to secure speedy trial; inform Lord Granville thereof, and state that President hopes for early answer in regard to Irish cases. 228
117 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). Mar. 29 Arrest of American citizens: Lord Granville regrets delay in answering request for early trials and states that same is caused by necessity of consulting Irish authorities; he was unable to encourage Mr. Lowell to expect a favorable answer. 228
118 Same to same (telegram) Mar. 31 Arrest of American citizens: Conclusion of British cabinet will be conveyed to British minister in Washington. 228
119 Same to same (telegram) Apr. 2 Arrest of American citizens: Majority of Americans have already been released; the secretary for Ireland thinks only three remain. 229
120 Same to same (telegram) Apr. Arrest of American citizens; Walsh, Hart, and O’Connor have been released; no Joseph Dalton arrested; White released on parole. 229
121 Same to same (No. 346) Apr. 21 Arrest of American citizens: Incloses correspondence relative to release of James L. White. 229
122 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 366). Apr. 25 Arrest of American citizens: States position taken by United States in demanding speedy trials; instructed to govern himself thereby. 230
123 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 349). May 3 Arrest of American citizens: Conditions of release offered certain prisoners and refused. 234
124 Same to same (No. 350) May 4 Arrest of American citizens: Case of John R. McCormack; would like to be informed to what extent a residence abroad may be prolonged without extinction of his naturalization. 239
125 Same to same (No. 351) May 6 Arrest of American citizens: Incloses correspondence relative to, laid before Parliament, and letters from O’Mahoney, Slattery, Brophy, Lynaro; and Gannon, and letters from Mr. Lowell to O’Mahoney and Lynam relative to their release. 241
126 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 368). May 8 Monroe doctrine and the Clayton-Bulwer treaty: Historical review of the relations between Great Britain and the United States with respect to Central America and the construction of communications between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. 271
127 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 376). June 1 Clayton-Bulwer treaty: Read No. 368 and left copy thereof with Lord Granville. 283
128 Same to same (No. 393) July 10 Arrest of American citizens: Inclosing letter from Lord Granville reporting release of Brophy and McInerny; O’Mahoney, McSweeney, Slattery, and Gannon remain in jail; British Government does not intend to bring them to trial. 284
129 Same to same (.No. 398) July 14 Prevention of crime act: Is a revival of the alien act; the personal application of, rather than its principle that is objectionable; this, with the great number of naturalized Americans in Ireland, strengthens temptation to false accusations; government disposed to enforce the law only against the prominent ones defying public authority; opinion of President as to line of action to pursue desired; two copies of the act inclosed. 285
130 Same to same (No. 402) July 19 Arrest of American citizens: Refers to his No. 393, giving names of those now imprisoned, and states that William Brophy is still a prisoner, but will accept release and return to United States if his passage is paid; asks instructions as to payment of passage in such cases, and shows that such a course would operate to increase their number. 285
[Page XXXVIII]131 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 431). Aug. 3 Arrest of Americans in Ireland: Gratification at release of, reported in No 393; United States hopes that inasmuch as the other four have been detained so long without trial that their early trial will be ordered. 286
132 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 417). Aug. 8 Arrest of American citizens: Incloses letter from Lord Granville, stating that it was intimated to O’Mahoney, McSweeney, and Slattery that they would be released on condition of their leaving the country; that an unconditional release was granted John Gannon, and that William Brophy had failed to leave for United States, as agreed, and that the latter was suspected of murder; refers to his No. 402. 286
133 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (telegram). Aug. 11 Arrest of Stephen J. Meany in Ireland, under “repression act”: Investigation of, and report on, directed. 287
134 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 423). Aug. 14 Arrest of Patrick Slattery: Has received a letter from Lord Granville announcing his release on the 1st instant. 287
135 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (No. 439). Aug. 16 Arrest of Stephen J. Meany in Ireland: Statement of Mr. George H. Sanderson that Meany is an American citizen, and at the time of arrest was editorial correspondent of New York Star; for minister’s information if further action in case necessary. 288
136 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). Aug. 17 Arrest of American citizens: McSweeney unconditionally released; Slattery released August 1. Cases of O’Mahoney and Brophy, only two left, referred to proper department. 289
137 Mr. Davis to Mr. Lowell (No. 445). Aug. 18 Arrest of Henry George in Ireland: Incloses letter of Mr. Mullan giving account of; minister to investigate fully with view to such action being taken as the facts may warrant. 289
138 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen (telegram). Aug. 26 Arrest of American citizens: O’Mahoney released August 4; Brophy under consideration. No answer yet from Irish secretary in regard to Meany or George. 290
139 Same to same (No. 434) Aug. 30 Arrest of American citizens: Reports correspondence with Irish secretary relative to securing release of Meany and George. 290
140 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 237). Sept. 2 Arrest of Stephen J. Meany, a naturalized American citizen: Incloses extract from the Times reporting voluntary surrender of Mr. Meany under alleged advice of United States and copy of note to minister of foreign affairs denying same. 292
141 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 461). Sept. 20 Arrest of Stephen J. Meany: statement of, on surrender to his bail that he was acting under instruction of United States; contradiction by Mr. Lowell approved by Department; no advice by Department given to Mr. Meany. 293
142 Same to same (No. 463) Sept. 22 Arrest of Americans under the “repression of crime act”: Mr. Lowell’s course in protesting against the treatment of Messrs. Meany and George approved by the Department. 293
143 Same to same (No. 463) Sept. 22 Prevention of crime act: The knowledge of minister and traditional history of England in favor of rights of person make special instruction as to the policy dictating this extraordinary measure unnecessary; that it is a revival of the alien act as a part of the crimes act is what causes the President to feel anxiety as to cases of Americans of Irish birth who may be in Ireland on business or benevolent missions, who may be subjected to privation of their right as peaceable citizens under this act, without opportunity of trial; the enforcement of the act on mere suspicion may exercise evil influence on the happy relations existing between the two great nations. 293
144 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 254). Sept. 29 Arrest of Henry George and Stephen J. Meany: Inclosing note from Lord Granville explaining circumstances of, and expressing regret at arrest of Mr. George. 295
145 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell (No. 466). Oct. 3 Arrest of Henry George in Ireland: His letter to President reciting details of, inclosed; twice arrested in same district, arid subjected to unwarranted annoyance through ignorance of local officials; President calls attention of Her Majesty’s Government to relieve United States citizens from such acts of unlawful interference by her officials in the enforcement of the act. 296
[Page XXXIX]146 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 256). Oct. 3 Arrest of American citizens: Reports as result of investigation that Brophy is released; inclosing correspondence with minister of foreign affairs; telegram received on September 21. 300
147 Same to same (No. 262) Oct. 17 Arrest of Henry George: Further action in absence of additional instructions not deemed necessary. No. 466 received. 301

correspondence with the legation of great britain at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
148 Lord Granville to Mr. West. 1882. Jan. 7 Canal (interoceanic): Modification of Clayton-Bulwer treaty; insufficiency and unsoundness of reasons put forward by Mr. Blaine for; no single country ought to have a predominating control over the canal; good grounds for South American States to object to Mr. Blaine’s policy; adequateness of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty; suggests that pursuant to its terms United States invite all maritime powers to conclusion of treaty for guaranty of neutrality of the canal; reply to Department’s No. 270 to United States minister, London. 302
149 Same to same Jan. 14 Canal (Interoceanic) modification of Clayton-Bulwer treaty: Controversion of additional reasons for, adduced by Mr. Blaine in his 281 to Mr. Lowell; action taken by both contracting parties in 1860 to save treaty should not be regarded as an argument against treaty. Great Britain has a right to complain at the concessions she then made to save certain provisions of treaty being brought forward now as an argument for abrogation of those very provisions. 305
150 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Feb. 25 Indian incursions across the northwest boundary line between United States and Canada: United States has ordered its military forces to prevent and expects reciprocal action on part of Dominion authorities. 314
151 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Mar. 27 Protection of American citizens in Turkey: Inclosing circular defining grounds on which same is authorized. 314
152 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Mar. 29 Indian incursions from Canada into United States: Refers to Department’s note of February 25, and calls attention to presence of some 1,200 British Indians on American side, and urges importance of their prompt removal. 315
153 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Apr. 5 Indian incursions across Canadian frontier: Calls attention to action of Canada toward preventing and states that the Dominion Government can scarcely be held responsible for absence of practical system of co-operation; refers to previous correspondence. 316
154 Lord Granville to Mr. West. Apr. 6 Arrest of American citizens: Policy of British government outlined; prepared to consider circumstances of any citizens of United States now detained who may be willing to engage forthwith to leave the United Kingdom. 317
155 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Apr. 7 Frontier Indians, reciprocal treatment of: Note of 5th instant submitted to Secretaries of War and Interior; awaits reply to suggestion providing for immediate removal of present intruders upon United States territory. 319
156 Same to same Apr. 10 Frontier Indians: States that British Indians have returned to Canada owing to movements of United States military forces. 319
157 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. May 3 Indian incursions upon American territory: Inclosing approved minute of privy council and accompanying reports, and calls attention to proposed system of “permits.” 320
158 Same to same June 1 Indian incursions upon American territory: Cites annual report of Indian Commissioner ascribing much of the mischief to American traders who offer inducements to Indians to go south; suggests reciprocal measures of preventing these raids. 322
159 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. June 13 Protection of American citizens in Turkey by Great Britain: Thanks for action of Her Majesty’s Government; note of March 27 received. 323
[Page XL]160 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. June 15 Indian incursions by Canadian Indians in Montana: War Department reports all Indians driven across the border. 323
161 Same to same June 19 Indian incursions by Canadian Indians into Montana: Calls attention to purpose of Big Bear to enter Montana, and states that orders have been issued to prevent same. 324
162 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. July 14 Indian incursions on American territory by Canadian Indians: Views of United States as to proposals of Canadian Government requested; refers to his note of May 4. 324
163 Mr. Davis to Mr. West Aug. 14 Indians, enticing of, across the boundary by American traders: States steps taken to prevent same; refers to previous correspondence. 324
164 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Sept. 17 Preservation of life and property at Alexandria after withdrawal of rebel troops, by United States Navy: Expresses appreciation of Her Majesty’s Government for. 325
165 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. West. Sept. 22 Assistance to British sailors in Egypt by American admiral: Expression of appreciation of, by Her Majesty’s Government conveyed to Secretary of Navy. 325
166 Mr. West to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Oct. 5 Sale of whisky to Canadian Indians on the northwest frontier by American traders: Thanks of Her Majesty’s Government for measures adopted by United States to prevent. 325

correspondence with the legation of guatemala at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
167 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Montúfar. 1882. June 5 Boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala: Position of, so far as the United States have taken part in: Good offices of United States to Mexico for settlement of all differences by arbitration, the Mexican troops meanwhile to be withdrawn; Mexico declined to submit to arbitration question of Chiapas being an integral part of Mexico, or to withdrawal of troops; United States will lend its good offices on any basis acceptable to Guatemala and Mexico. 326
168 Señor Montúfar to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 15 Boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala: Historical argument sustaining Guatemala’s claim to Chiapas; United States may dictate bases of the arbitration. 328
169 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Montúfar. June 27 Boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala: A definite statement as to the wishes of Guatemala needed to enable President to act. 330
170 Señor Montúfar to Mr. Frelinghuysen. July 21 Boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala: President Barrios in Washington eliminates from the question discussion of right as to territory of Chiapas and Soconusco; requests the arbitration of United States on that basis. 330
171 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Montúfar. July 24 Boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala: Replying to his note of 21st, says President will accept post of arbitrator on basis of elimination of territorial right of Chiapas if agreement to that end be reached by Guatemala and Mexico. 331
172 Señor Cruz to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Oct. 14 Boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala: Preliminary basis of a treaty for settlement of, signed August 12; Chiapas and Soconusco considered as an integral part of Mexico; hopes for offices of President of the United States as arbitrators if it should be necessary. 332

hawaii.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
173 Mr. Comfy to Mr. Blaine (No. 199). 1881 Dec. 19. Portuguese immigration to Hawaii: A treaty with Portugal for that purpose to be negotiated by Henry P. Carter as E. E. and M. P. 333
[Page XLI]174 Mr. Comly to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 213). 1882. Apr. 10. Immigration to Hawaii: Necessity of, to replenish population of; decline of native population and increase of immigrant; rice and sugar cultivation important; but no government lands for homesteads to induce independent production; danger of Asiatic element or British protectorate supplanting the native forces; important interest of United States makes it proper to avert this result; American colored race would supply a desirable population. 334
175 Same to same (No. 217) May 8 Political: Tendency of the legislation to onerous taxation of property of foreign residents equivalent to confiscation; request of American residents for interference of United States to check such action. 342
176 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Comly (No. 118). May 31 Political: Legislative tendency to onerous taxation; while United States recognizes the sovereignty of Hawaii, yet it cannot without protest permit the adoption of measures subversive of the material interests of her citizens; United States has the moral right to expect that American property in Hawaii will be no more burdened than would be Hawaiian property in the United States. 343
177 Mr. Comly to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 223). June 5 Americans taking oath of allegiance to Hawaii: Mr. Jones asks the effect of, on him as a citizen of United States; instruction from Department requested. 344
178 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Comly (No. 122). July 1 American citizenship: Effect of oath of allegiance to Hawaii by an American; a question for judicial decision; but he is entitled to such protection as is due to an American having commercial domicile in a foreign state. 346
179 Mr. Daggett to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 11). Sept. 20 Legislative and political: Legislature just adjourned under complete native control; repeal of law prohibiting sale of intoxicating liquors; authorization of a new loan; appropriation for coronation ceremony; burden of all this will fall upon foreign property owners. 347
180 Same to same (No. 12) Sept. 24 Labor question: Procurement of Japanese laborers for Hawaii; appointment of John M. Kapena, E E. and M. P., to effect the project. 348

hayti.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
181 Mr. Langston to Mr. Blaine (No. 426). 1881. Dec. 17 Insurrectionary movements in St. Marc: Prompt suppression of; martial law proclaimed in the implicated districts; general peace and order throughout the republic. 348
182 Same to same (No. 429) Dec. 28 Insurrectionary movements in St. Marc; Numerous arrests by the government; three outlaws take refuge in commercial agency of St. Marc; action of Hayti relative to. 350
183 Same to same (No. 456) 1882. Apr. 15 Insurrectionary movements: Fear of, in the northern section of the republic; President and greater part of the army en route to Cape Haytien in anticipation of any overt act of revolution. 350
184 Same to same (No. 461) May 5 Insurrectionary movement: President’s address at Cape Haytien; his declared purpose to suppress, approved by the people; proclamation of martial law in the northern sections; numerous arrests, trials at St. Marc, and condemnation to death of forty of the accused; copy of address and proclamation inclosed. 351
185 Same to same (No. 463) May 8 Insurrection in Northern Hayti: President still at Cape Haytien making arrests; list of, in Le Moniteur; persons aiding them to be treated as accomplices; rumor of execution of the condemned excites consternation, and impresses the people with the determination of the President to maintain the government at the cost of the lives of the rebels. 354
186 Same to same (No. 465) May 17 Insurrectionary movement: Vigorous course of President justified in his address at Cape Haytien; deep feeling throughout the republic resulting from it; copy of address inclosed. 355
[Page XLII]187 Mr. Langston to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 466). May 17 Insurrectionary movement: Extract from Le Moniteur relative to execution of men convicted at St. Marc inclosed; official statement of, looked for with anxiety, as it is claimed that death penalty for political offenses was abolished by constitution of 1879. 359
188 Same to same (No. 467) May 19 Political: Return of President from insurrectionary districts; enthusiastic reception by the populace: address to the people; tranquillity of the country such as to compel a fear of a recurrence of the former serious outbreak. 360
189 Same to same (No. 468) May 20 Political: Copy of President’s address of the 18th instant inclosed; his purposes and plans as to disturbers of the peace; condemned men held as hostages to check dissemination of revolutionary pamphlets; intention to arrest 200 persons seeking foreign protection. 361
190 Same to same (No. 492) July 13 Reclamations by foreigners against Hayti: Copy of circular by secretary of state relative to, inclosed. 363

italy.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
191 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1015). 1882, Jan. 10 Political: New year’s reception of diplomatic corps; expectation this would be occasion of making known the government’s views on the Papacy question and the result of their Majesty’s visit at the court of Vienna and relations between Italy and the German Empire; danger of a crisis in European affairs imminent. 364
192 Same to same (No. 1016) Jan. 30 Political: Reopening of Parliament; management of partisans of France and Italy manifest; purchase of leading journals by French Government; monetary crisis throughout the continent will interfere with resumption of specie payment in Italy; these added to the gravity of the Papacy question possibly cannot be settled without resort to hostilities. 365
193 Same to same (No. 1023) Apr. 19 Political: Excellent condition of national finances; danger to, is possibility that the government may commit itself to ill-advised schemes of internal improvement, and expenditures for army and navy; abolition of the impolitic “grist tax;” ability and success of present administration has won public confidence. 366
194 Same to same (No. 1028) May 19 Political: Commercial treaty between France and Italy approved by Parliament; its provisions not satisfactory to manufacturers, but was adopted for political and economic reasons: revolutionary movements in Egypt and Africa jeopard Italian interests in those countries, and exciting much anxious feeling abroad; hope of a peaceful solution not strong. 367
195 Same to same (No. 1029) June 4 Garibaldi, death and career of: Obituary details of Italian press replete with interest, but reticent on the great event of his life; his whole public action was an uninterrupted protest against imperialism, which menaced the liberties of Europe; he was a power in Europe, and the grandest act of his career was when he, by taking the oath as a member of the Italian Parliament, it was felt that Italy was not only free but safe; all Italy in mourning. 368
196 Same to same (No. 1030) June 29 Military forces of Italy: Number and organization of; thoroughness of arms and equipment and discipline; expense of maintenance of army and navy disproportionate to Italy’s resources; discontent of the laboring classes, while not a threat of immediate danger, excites fear for the political future of Italy; prospect of good crops an encouragement. 370
197 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wurts (No. 832). July 26 Death of Hon. George P. Marsh: Sympathy of President and Department of State extended to his family; tribute to his fame as a scholar and diplomatist, and recognition of his long and faithful public service. 370
[Page XLIII]198 Mr. Wurts to to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1033). July 30 Death of Hon. George P. Marsh: Kind offices of Italian officials, marks of respect by all classes, and high encomiums of the press to his character and long public service. 371

japan.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
199 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Blaine (No. 1421). 1881. Dec. 23 Land regulations for foreign settlements in China and Japan: Copy of order in council by Great Britain (inclosed) authorizing her respective ministers to join in adopting; objections to order; refers to action of Great Britain in case of John Ross claiming exclusive jurisdiction over: United States ought not to permit such action on part of her ministers. 372
200 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1523). July 5 Suits by Americans in British consular courts in Japan: Refusal of jurisdiction except upon written consent of American consul and security for costs; action of consul declining to exercise jurisdiction in case of British plaintiff, approved; doubt whether, save as a matter of comity, a United States consul is obliged to try and determine an action brought by a British subject against an American. 374
201 Mr. Davis to Mr. Bingham (No. 679). 1882. Aug. 11 Suits by Americans in British consular courts of Japan: Requirement of order of British consul that consent of consul to jurisdiction and security for costs, deemed by Department “fair and just”; minister referred to No. 277 to Mr. Van Buren, with answer to Mr. Bingham’s objection to the British requirement. 375
202 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 1551). Aug. 27 “Trade with the East”: Report on commercial relations of Japan and Great Britain to Glasgow Chamber of Commerce, extract from; desire of treaty powers to open Japan to foreign trade; Japan willing thereto on condition that foreigners be amenable to her tribunals; Japan’s wonderful progress, and indisposition of European powers to release it from control and government will induce powers to accept Japan’s conditions. 377
203 Same to same (No. 1555) Aug. 28 Corea: Its extensive natural productions and mineral resources offer a lucrative field for foreign trade; only trade at present monopolized by Chinese; mercantile class in favor of foreign intercourse, while the official is opposed to it; extract from Japan Daily Herald relative to, inclosed. 378

liberia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
204 Mr. Smyth to Mr. Blaine (No. 153). 1881. Oct. 29 Arrival of German corvette Victoria to demand indemnity in the matter of German ship Carlos, reported. 380
205 Same to same (No. 155) Nov. 10 Indemnity of $5,375 received by Germany on account of piratical depredations upon German steamer Carlos; Sailing of the Victoria reported. 380
206 Same to same (No. 156) Nov. 18 Liberia College: Exercises at commencement of; address by the minister. 381
207 Same to same (No. 162) Dec. 5 Annual celebration of final victory which resulted in settlement of Monrovia; change of addresses to a more moderate tone noticed. 382

mexico.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
208 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 332). 1882. Jan. 4 Congress of American nations to be held at Washington: Reports steps taken to convey President’s invitation to appoint commissioners to; incloses correspondence. 382
[Page XLIV]209 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 375). Mar. 28 Congress of American states to be held in Washington: Mexico accepts invitation to appoint two commissioners to. 385
210 Same to same (No.385) Apr. 4 Message of the President of Mexico; financial condition of country good; foreign relations satisfactory except with Guatemala, condition of which question is discussed; purchase of arms. 387
211 Same to same (No. 423) May 6 Passage of troops across the frontier in pursuit of Indians: President declines to recommend Congress to authorize same into Mexico, unless United States would grant a similar request; inclosed correspondence. 388
212 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 271). June 6 Reciprocal passage of troops across the border in pursuit of Indians: Minister’s telegram relative to, received; satisfaction of Secretary of War and General of United States Army with the proposed agreement for, inclosed; like information to Señor Romero. 390
213 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 447). June 17 Murder of Thomas R. Gartrell and his wife brought to attention of authorities, who reply that if representations of United States are made with a view to having perpetrators punished, Mexico is pleased to have attended thereto, but that diplomatic intervention in regard to an indemnity cannot be admitted, Mexico claiming matriculation of a foreigner at the foreign office a prerequisite to presentation of a claim. 390
214 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 297). July 20 Incursion of Chiricahua Indians into Mexico: Letter of Secretary of War and memorandum concerning movement of American troops and co-operation against the Indians escaping from San Carlos Reservation previous to their destruction by General Fuero, inclosed. 392
215 Same to same (No. 298) July 24 Matriculation of alien residents of Mexico: Prior necessity of, before assertion of international rights of foreigners; declension of Mexico to accept diplomatic intervention in case of the Gartrells; United States denies the right of Mexico to debar from protection of their government citizens temporarily residing there who have not matriculated; their status is fixed by international law, neither created nor destroyed by Mexican law. 394
216 Mr. Davis to Mr. Morgan (No. 309). Aug. 18 Reciprocal passage of troops across the boundary line in pursuit of Indians; copies of the agreement for, signed and exchanged July 29th ult. by Mexico and United States transmitted. 396
217 Mr. Morgan to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 502). Sept. 26 Message of President of Mexico; friendly relations with foreign countries; internal improvements. 397
218 Same to same (No. 503) Sept. 27 Matriculation of foreigners: Incloses note addressed to minister foreign affairs arguing against position of Mexico that such matriculation, prior to diplomatic intervention in behalf of foreigners, is indispensable, and holding that Mexican laws do not conflict with views of United States, but nullify several articles of Mexican Constitution; that they are in conflict with laws of nations and not binding upon United States. 399
219 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Morgan (No. 329). Oct. 17 Matriculation of foreigners: Position of Mexico that such matriculation, prior to diplomatic intervention in favor of foreigners, is indispensable; congratulate minister upon his forcible presentation of subject; No. 503 received. 404
220 Same to same (No. 349) Dec. 15 Reciprocal passage of troops across the boundary line in pursuit of hostile Indians; modification of Art. VIII of the agreement for, between United States and Mexico, inclosed. 404

correspondence with the legation of mexico at washington.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
221 Señor Zamacona to Mr. Blaine. 1881. Oct. 7 Depredations in Mexico by American Indians: Result of pursuit by United States troops; trusts that bands of Indians may be destroyed before crossing boundary. 405
[Page XLV]222 Señor Zamacona to Mr. Blaine. 1882. Oct. 10 Depredations in Mexico by outlaws from United States; insecurity of life and property on the frontier resulting from; extract from Arizona paper relative to inclosed; wishes to be advised of measures adopted to restore order in district affected. 406
223 Mr. Hunter to Señor Zamacona. Oct. 20 Depredations in Mexico by outlaws from the United States: Complaint relative to, forwarded to proper department, and will result in all possible efforts to secure peace and security on the frontier. 406
224 Mr. Blaine to Señor Zamacona. Nov. 15 Lawlessness on the border of the Rio Grande: Committed alike by Mexican and American outlaws; United States will co-operate with Mexico in preventing; evidence that Ordiña was a horse thief; communication of Secretary of War relative to measures of United States to repress lawlessness. 407
225 Señor Zamacona to Mr. Frelinghuysen. 1882. Feb. 18 Depredations in Sonora by Indians from San Carlos reservation: Requests United States to provide measures to prevent a repetition of such incursions. 409
226 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Cuellar. Mar. 1 Depredations in Sonora by Chiricahua Indians: Secretaries of War and Interior requested to use all proper measures in accordance with Mexico’s request in the matter. 409
227 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. Mar. 13 Depredations in Sonora by Chiricahua Indians: Letter of Secretary of War inclosed showing prompt action to prevent repetition of. 410
228 Same to same Mar. 15 Depredations in Sonora by Chiricahua Indians: Communication of Department of Interior that all possible steps have been taken to prevent similar occurrences; hope that Mexico will facilitate their successful prosecution. 410
229 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Apr. 6 Depredations in Sonora by outlaws from Arizona: Letter of marshal of Arizona to governor of Sonora relative to, inclosed; failure to check due to want of adequate instructions from Department of Justice. 412
230 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. Apr. 13 Depredations in Sonora by outlaws from Arizona: Complaint of the 6th relative to, referred to Departments of Interior and Justice, enjoining co-operation of local authorities of Arizona for suppression of evils complained of, and punishment of the offenders. 413
231 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Apr. 17 Incursions into Mexican territory by Chiricahua Indians: Mexican Government requests a report as to measures adopted by United States Army for repression of. 413
232 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. Apr. 27 Incursion into Mexico by Ju’s band of Indians: Papers relative to from Secretary of War received; hopes the authorities of Chihuahua will co-operate with the United States troops in the capture of the raiders. 413
233 Same to same Apr. 27 Depredations in Sonora by Chiricahua Indians: Mexico’s request for relief would be unnecessary if her authorities had permitted United States troops to pass the borders in pursuit, or have joined in it; communications from Secretary of War relative to inclosed. 416
234 Same to same May 3 Incursions of Chiricahua Indians into Mexico: Inquiriy as to War Department’s measures for prevention of, referred to Secretary of War. 419
235 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. May 12 Reciprocal passage of troops across the frontier in pursuit of Indians: Mexican Senate has authorized the same as to United States troops on basis proposed by United States; inquires if basis is satisfactory to United States, telegram relative to inclosed. 419
236 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. May 12 Incursion of Apaches on the Mexican border: Successful result in pursuit of due to co-operation of Mexican and United States troops; letter from Secretary of War inclosed. 420
237 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 1 Incursion by Apaches into Mexico; defeat of band escaping from reservation in Arizona by Mexican troops under Colonel Garcia, report of inclosed. 420
238 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. June 6 Reciprocal passage of troops in pursuit of Indians across the frontier: Proposed terms of, acceptable to General of United States Army; letter of Secretary relative to inclosed. 421
[Page XLVI]239 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 6 Reciprocal passage of troops across the frontier in pursuit of Indians: Satisfaction of General of Army with arrangements for; reported to the Mexican Government. 422
240 Same to Same June 12 Incursion into Mexican territory by Chiricahua Indians: Renews request for report of measures adopted by United States for prevention of. 422
241 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. June 20 Incursions of Chiricahua Indians into Mexico: Will communicate to Mexico the letter of Secretary of War relative to, as soon as received. 423
242 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. June 22 Apache Indians under Chief Ju: Defeat of, by General Fuero in Mexico; telegram announcing same inclosed. 423
243 Same to same June 23 Depredations in Mexico by “cowboys”: Sale of 100 head of cattle evidently stolen from Mexican ranches; authorities of Arizona intimidated by or in connivance with perpetrators of. 424
244 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. June 30 Depredations in Mexico by “cowboys:” Cattle stolen from Mexico and alleged to have been disposed of in Arizona; matter referred to Interior Department. 424
245 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. July 3 Reciprocal passage of troops in pursuit of Indians across the boundary line: Inquiries if Department’s note of the 6th of June comprises United States acceptance of Mexico’s proposals on that subject. 425
246 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. July 6 Reciprocal passage of troops in pursuit of Indians across the boundary line: United States’ acceptance of conditions for, proposed by Mexico, was made by Department’s note of June 6, in order that the arrangement might be thenceforth effective. 425
247 Same to same July 10 Arrest in, and expulsion from Mexico of William J. Ross, deputy sheriff, of Arizona: While he and posse were in pursuit of fugitives charged with murder, they were, by order of General Reyes, disarmed and returned to Arizona; restoration of the arms to the authorities requested; papers relative to, from governor of Arizona, inclosed; Ross sought permission of Mexican officer to cross the boundary. 426
248 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. July 10 Arrest in, and expulsion from Mexico of William J. Ross, deputy sheriff, of Arizona: Restoration of arms taken from Ross and posse ordered; facts do not constitute a case for extradition, because stipulations of the treaty were not complied with; permission to enter Mexico to make arrest could be granted only by the President. 432
249 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Señor Romero. July 12 Apache Indians, under Cheif Ju; Defeat of, by Mexican troops; thanks of the United States, through the War Department, to Mexican Government and troops for this successful action against the common enemy, the Apaches. 434
250 Same to same July 20 Arrest in, and expulsion from Mexico of William J. Ross, deputy sheriff, of Arizona: Thanks of United States for prompt and courteous restoration of arms taken from posse by Mexican troops. 434
251 Same to same July 20 Apache Indians under Chief Ju: Memorandum from War Department relative to movements of United States troops and co-operation of Mexican troops preceding defeat of, inclosed. 434
252 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. July 21 Incursions into Mexican territory by Apache Indians: Defeat of Chief Ju’s band; Department’s memorandum in reference to, and co-operation of the United States and Mexico transmitted to Mexican Government. 436
253 Same to same Aug. 14 Boundary dispute between (Guatemala and Mexico: Convention for settlement of, signed; President of United States may be requested to act as arbitrator on some points. 437
254 Mr. Davis to Señor Romero Aug. 23 Boundary dispute between Guatemala and Mexico: The gratification of the United States that it is in the way of just or honorable settlement; President will accept office of arbitrator on basis of submission to be specified in agreement of settlement. 437
255 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Sept. 5 Pursuit of hostile Indians on the frontier: Mexican troops will act in concert with the United States troops in; communication from Mexican Office of Foreign Affairs relative to inclosed. 438
[Page XLVII]256 Señor Romero to Mr. Frelinghuysen. Sept. 27 Boundary dispute between Guatemala and Mexico: Convention for settlement of, signed in accordance with the preliminaries; copy of preliminaries inclosed. 439
257 Mr. Davis to Señor Romero. Oct. 2 Boundary dispute between Guatemala and Mexico: Convention for settlement of; copy of requested. 440

the Netherlands.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
258 Mr. Dayton to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 7). July 17 Discriminating duties on merchandise produced East of Cape of Good Hope imported from a place west thereof: Treasury circular relative to, handed to minister for foreign affairs. 441
259 Same to same (No. 18) Sept. 18 Address of the King inclosed; loss of monitor Adder; affairs in Atjih; public schools. 441

russia.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
260 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hoffman (No. 109). 1881. Dec. 29 Jeannette Arctic Expedition: Services by Russia to survivors of; thanks of the United States for this manifestation of fraternal feeling. 413
261 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 183). 1882. Jan. 9 American Jews in Russia: Expulsion of, from St. Petersburg; case of James G. Moses, a Karaim Jew, permitted to remain. 444
262 Same to same (No. 187) Jan. 16 Political: Measure for the relief of the peasants will go into effect January 1, 1883; by it the indebtedness of 15,000 serfs to former proprietors for lands is canceled and assumed by the state; this indebtedness to the state reduced at least one seventh. 444
263 Same to same (No. 195) Feb. 4 Jeannette Arctic Expedition: Services by Russia to the survivors of; Russia’s gratification that the good will of its officials is regarded as evidence of cordial relations between the two governments; correspondence relative to, with minister for foreign affairs inclosed. 445
264 Same to same (No. 199.) Feb. 14 Warsaw, Jewish riots in: Report on, by Mr. Consul Rawicz, made at request of Mr. Hoffman, inclosed; destruction of property 1,200,000 rubles; arrest of 3,000 persons; antipathy to the Jews instigated by the anti-Semitic influence among the lower classes. 446
265 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hoffman (No. 120.) Mar. 7 Pacific waters on coast of Siberia: Effect of code regulations relative to, on rights of American fishermen; communication of Messrs. Lynde & Hough as to, inclosed for investigation and report. 447
266 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 207.) Mar. 14 Fisheries in Behring Sea and Sea of Okhotsk: Exclusive jurisdiction of, claimed by Russia; an exclusive monopoly of, vested in an unimportant company, prevented United States from securing rights in by treaty; receipt Treasury Department’s circular relative to, received. 449
267 Same to same (No. 211) Mar. 27 American fisheries on coast of Siberia: No new orders by Russian Government affecting, injuriously; Russia’s claim of jurisdiction over Sea of Okhotsk inconsistent with the cession of part of Kurile Islands to Japan; Russia objects to communication between trading and fishing vessels by which whisky is supplied to the inhabitants. 450
268 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hoffman (No. 123). Apr. 15 Persecution of Jews in Russia: If citizens of United States be affected by, minister to use all efforts to protect them consistent with the friendly relations existing between the two governments. 451
269 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 221). Apr. 29 Anti-Jew riots in Southern Russia: Most of, occur in Balta, and from trifling causes, resulting in little personal violence but much wanton damage to property; Russia using its best efforts to put a stop to these riots; fear of the German residents of like outrages upon them. 452
[Page XLVIII]270 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 228). May 22 Pacific waters on coast of Siberia: Fishing, hunting, and trading in; right of, by license of governor general of Oriental Siberia; note of Russian minister of foreign affairs relative to, inclosed. 452
271 Same to same (No. 231) June 14 Pacific waters on coast of Siberia: Right of fishing, hunting, and trading in; copy of articles of code regulating same, inclosed. 453
272 Same to same (No. 241) July 1 Persecution of Jews in Russia: Circular of minister of interior relative to, inclosed, showing the desire of Russia to check. 454

spain.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
273 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hamlin (No. 20). Jan. 10 Consular tariff of Spain: Onerous character of, on shipments from New York for Cuba and Porto Rico; memorial of Maritime Association of New York, and letter of secretary of, relative to, inclosed. 455
274 Mr. Hamlin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 10). Jan. 16 Consular tariff of Spain: Onerous charges by Spanish consuls in the United States, amounting to an export duty on shipments from United States to Spanish ports; copy of minister’s note protesting against the practice, inclosed. 456
275 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hamlin (No.24). Jan. 20 Consular tariff of Spain: Additional evidence of the onerous character of charges levied under, inclosed. 458
276 Same to same (No. 28) Jan. 30 Consular tariff of Spain: Further facts relative to | onerous charges under, inclosed. 459
277 Same to same (No. 33) Feb. 15 American vessels in Spanish colonial ports: Arbitrary and unjust fines imposed on; cases cited; recent order requiring applications for redress in such case to be made to Madrid; Spanish government to be requested that authority to adjust such cases be given to captain-general in Cuba or His Majesty’s minister in United States. 460
278 Mr. Read to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 120). Mar. 20 American vessels in Spanish colonial ports: Arbitrary and unjust fines imposed on; complaint of, to minister of foreign affairs; request that captain-general in Cuba or His Majesty’s minister in United States be empowered to redress such cases and obviate payment of same pending a reference to Madrid, inclosed. 461
279 Same to same (No. 121) Mar. 20 Consular tariff of Spain: Exactions by Spanish consuls in United States of charges on cargoes clearing for Spanish ports; an additional note | relative to, addressed to minister of state, inclosed 462
280 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Read (No. 48). Mar. 27 Consular tariff of Spain: Onerous charges of, on cargoes shipped to Spanish ports; case of the Clara Fletcher; protest of Henry Beste, relative to, inclosed. 463
281 Same to same (No. 49) Mar. 27 Importation of live fish into Cuba: Discriminating duty on, imposed when brought in foreign bottoms; prejudicial effect of, on the commerce between Spain and the United States; memorial of Fogarty & Johnson relative to order of governor-general of Cuba imposing same, inclosed. 464
282 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hamlin (No. 55) Apr. 12 Consular tariff of Spain: Exacting duties imposed by consuls on cargoes shipped to Spanish ports; further conference on, with the minister or secretary, recommended. 467
283 Same to same (No. 56) Apr. 21 Consular tariff of Spain: Exacting duties imposed on cargoes shipped to Spanish ports; protest and papers relative to cases of Zebenia and Ida A. Payne inclosed for consideration in connection with other cases. 467
284 Mr. Hamlin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 38).| May 16 Importation of live fish into Cuba: Discriminating duty on, when carried in foreign bottoms; revocation of the order imposing such duty requested; minister’s note embodying same inclosed. 469
[Page XLIX]285 Mi. Hamlin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 41). May 16 Consular tariff of Spain: Charge made by Spanish consuls in the United States on cargoes clearing for Spanish ports; delay of Spanish government in replying to minister’s note; sub-secretary of state’s objection to an agreement by which consular fees should be reciprocal by each government; impracticable because the consular system of the respective countries are based on different principles—the Spanish one of revenue, which was not true of the American. 470
286 Same to same (No. 51) May 29 Fines on American vessels in Spanish colonial ports’: Request of the United States that captain-general in Cuba, or Spanish minister in the United States, be empowered to decide such cases, cannot be granted; by the customs regulations, if the object is to remit the fine or modify the proceedings, it must be done by the government at Madrid; note of the minister of state to that end inclosed. 472
287 Same to same (No. 52) June 6 Consular tariff of Spain: Charges by Spanish consuls in ports of United States; evasive answer of Spanish Government, that the law of has been in force since 1874, and in accordance with Art. 53 of tariff for vessels clearing for Spanish Provincial ports; note of minister of state inclosed. 473
288 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hamlin (No. 73). June 14 Duties on live fish from Florida imported to Cuba: Dispatch No. 1145 from vice-consul general at Havana, relative to, inclosed. 474
289 Mr. Hamlin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 62). July 10 Duties on live fish from Florida imported to Cuba: Complaints of discrimination in, has been referred to governor general of Cuba, for report; note of Spanish minister of state relative to, inclosed. 477
290 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hamlin (No. 85). July 31 Duties on live fish from Florida imported to Cuba: Reference of complaint relative to, to the governor general of Cuba, reported by minister satisfactory to the Department. 477
291 Mr. Davis to Mr. Hamlin (No. 94). Sept. 4 Duty imposed by Spanish consul on cattle shipped from Florida to Cuba: Restrictive effect of, on commerce, and injury to Mr. McKay; his claim for refund of money illegally paid; if practice not corrected by Spanish Government, retaliatory measures the only resource of United States. 478
292 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Hamlin (No. 95). Sept. 5 Fees enacted by Spanish consul at New Orleans: Charge of ten cents per ton on all cargoes carried by line of steamers between that city and Havana; letter of J. H. Sypher relation to, inclosed. 479
293 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Hamlin (No. 97). Sept, 22 Consular tariff of Spain: Exorbitant charges by Spanish consul on cargoes cleared for Spanish colonial ports are virtually an export tax, which a foreign government cannot be allowed to exact; if legislative action is necessary to correct this, the interest of commercial intercourse and friendly relations require that Spain should effect this remedy; instruction sent to United States minister to Hayti in a similar controversy inclosed. 480
294 Mr. Hamlin to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 98). Oct. 12 Duty on live fish from Florida imported to Cuba: Will be modified by application of provisions of reciprocity of the law for gradual abolition of differential duties in Cuba and Porto Rico; note of minister of state relative to, inclosed. 482
295 Same to same (No. 100) Oct. 12 Consular tariff of Spain: Tax of 40 cents per head levied on cattle shipped from Key West to Havana; claim of James McKay resulting from; note to minister of state protesting against, as an export tax into Spain, that a foreign government is unauthorized to impose; if not abolished by Spain United States will be forced to resort to retaliatory measures as to Spanish products shipped to the United States; copy of note inclosed. 482
296 Same to same (No. 101) Oct. 12 Consular tariff of Spain: Tax of 10 cents per ton on cargoes from the United States to Spanish ports; note to minister of state protesting against, and asking for return of money so paid; copy of note inclosed. 485
[Page L]297 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Read (No. 111). Nov. 10 Consular tariff of Spain: The presentation of, as a question of export tax and tonnage tax, reported in Mr. Hamlin’s No. 100, approved: additional arguments against the collection of these charges. 486

sweden and norway.

No From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
298 Mr. Stevens to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 125). Apr. 17 Naturalized American citizens: Liability of, on return to Sweden and Norway, for military service, extends only to date of emigration; successful application of minister for release and exemption of Cedergren and Sigbjorsen from liability under such construction of treaty of 1869. 487
299 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Stevens (No. 125). May 2 Naturalized American citizens: Liability of, returning to Sweden or Norway; minister’s successful action in cases of Cedergren and Sigbjorsen approved. 490

turkey.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
300 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Blaine (No. 30). 1881. Nov. 22 Unjust duty imposed by Turkish authorities on American produce and manufactures: Protested against by minister, as in violation of Article V of treaty of commerce between Turkey and United States; papers relative to case of alcohol shipped by an American firm, Laforme & Frothingham, inclosed. 491
301 Same to same (No. 33) Nov. 23 Insecurity of life and property in Turkey: Report giving details of eight cases of robbery, &c., of missionaries, made by Mr. Pettibone. 494
302 Same to same (No. 45) Dec. 20 Consular protection to American citizens: Withdrawal of, heretofore accorded by British consuls; application of Mr. Wallace to British minister for continuation of protection has been referred to his government. 495
303 Mr. Bancroft Davis to Mr. Wallace (No. 27) Dec. 23 Alcohol: Increased duty levied on it by Turkish customs authorities at Smyrna; Minister’s action in consequence thereof approved. 497
304 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 32). 1882. Jan. 7 Insecurity of life and property in Turkey: Reported action of the Turkish Government in rejecting the good offices of British consuls in behalf of our citizens; instructed to remonstrate, and ask Turkish Government how United State missionaries in Turkey can be now protected. 498
305 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 56). Jan. 13 Alcohol: Increased duty levied on it by Turkey, in violation of treaty; Turkey explains that it was a mistake, attributable to a wrong construction of the new regulations. 499
306 Same to same (No. 62) Feb. 1 Protection of American citizens in Turkey: Great Britain has instructed her consuls to resume the same. 501
307 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No.40). Feb. 28 Protection of American missionaries in Turkey where there are no United States consuls: Continuance of same; gratification expressed; instructed to thank British minister. 502
308 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 71). Mar. 13 Demand of Turkey for revision of tariff: Provisions of treaty of 1862. 502
309 Same to same (No. 72) Mar. 20 Protection of American citizens in Turkey: Note of thanks to Lord Dufferin for continuance of the same: his gratifying acknowledgment. 506
310 Same to same (No. 74) Mar. 21 Alcohol: Increased duties levied on it by Turkey; continued neglect of the Porte to stop collection of these excessive duties; renewed remonstrance against it. 504
311 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 52) Apr. 14 Revisions of trriff provisions of 1862: The Department reserves expression of any opinion on the subject until more precise information in regard to the nature of changes desired is obtained. 505
[Page LI]312 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 90). Apr. 21 Alcohol: Increased duties levied upon it; great hardships to our importers; legation exerts its influence to have Turkey comply with treaty relative to, hut there seems to be but little hope of bringing the Porte to an observance of our treaty rights. 505
313 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 56). May 12 Alcohol: Increased duty levied on it by Turkey; renewed remonstrance against it approved. 507
314 Same to same (No. 57) May 15 Alcohol: Increased duty levied on it by Turkey; before giving instructions requested, the Department desires to have evidence of the United States citizenship of the importer at Smyrna. 508
315 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 96). June 6 Prohibition of American pork importation into Turkey: Protest to the Porte against the same. 508
316 Same to same (No. 98) June 9 Petroleum: New regulations to be established at Smyrna regarding storage of;, duty on petroleum thereby increased 8 percent.; correspondence on the subject. 509
317 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Wallace (No. 63). June 14 Protection of American missionaries in Turkey where there are no United States consuls: Lord Dufferin instructs Her Majesty’s consular officers to continue to extend good offices to American missionaries. 515
318 Same to same (No. 68) June 29 Prohibition of importation of American pork into Turkey: Approval of protest against it. 516
319 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 107). July 11 Jewish refugees from Russia: Action to obtain permission for them to settle in Turkey; they are to be allowed to settle in any place but Palestine; correspondence on the subject and the law. 516
320 Mr. Davis to Mr. Wallace (No. 11). Sept. 4 Petroleum: Unjust charge on importation of; 8 per cent, as warehouse charges in addition to regular customs duty; an exclusive monopoly of maintaining such warehouse given one individual; papers relative to, inclosed; minister’s course relative to, approved, and to say that United States regards this imposition as unfriendly to them and a violation of treaty. 520
321 Mr. Wallace to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 129). Sept. 30 Petroleum: Unjust charge on importation of; minister of foreign affairs uninformed as to origin of the monopoly scheme. 522

Venezuela.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
322 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Carter (No. 15). 1881 Nov. 1 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transhipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: Letter from Red “D” Line Steamship Company relative to effect of, inclosed; Venezuela to be requested to use the executive discretion to suspend the operation of the decree levying. 523
323 Mr. Carter to Mr. Blaine (No. 36). Nov. 29 Discriminating duties on goods transhipped from West Indies to Venezuela: Effects of, upon commerce of United States; object of, is political rather than fiscal; the law imposing, will probably be repealed soon. 524
324 Same to same (No. 39) Dec. 1 Discriminating duties on goods transhipped from West Indies to Venezuela: Great Britain has protested against the levy of; Venezuela would prefer to concede a suspension of, to United States rather than yield to demand of Great Britain. 525
325 Mr. Bancroft Davis to Mr. Carter (No. 25). Dec. 30 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transhipped by way of colonial ports to Venezuela: Since the Executive cannot suspend the execution of the law imposing, it is hoped that Venezuela, in Congress, will give due heed to the needs of commerce between her and United States. 526
326 Mr. Carter to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 60). 1882. Jan. 11 Peace Congress of American Governments: Invitation to Venezuela to participate in, delivered; she will send two commissioners to, and cordially participate in. 527
[Page LII]327 Mr. Carter to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 67). Jan. 25 Discriminating duties on goods transshipped from West Indies to Venezuela: Venezuela not disposed to abolish, as the object is the suppression of smuggling and revolutionary plots; ultimate result would be that United States would secure the trade from Venezuela that other nations desire to secure. 531
328 Same to same (No. 105) Apr. 19 Custody of ships’ registers in the Venezuelan ports by customs authorities: Venezuela objects to modifying, because regulated by statute; will consider specific proposition of United States to modify. 532
329 Same to same (No. 107) Apr. 22 Discriminating duties on goods transshipped from West Indies to Venezuela: Suggestions to minister of external relations as to mitigating effect of the enforcement of; late decree for its enforcement; copy of, inclosed. 532
330 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 151). May 8 Custody of ships’ registers in ports of Venezuela: Venezuela to be urged to adopt provisions of United States Statutes, of depositing registers in office of United States consuls, Article XII of Consul Regulations of 1881 referred to. 534
331 Mr. Baker to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 483). June 8 Custody of ships’ register by customs authorities: Minister’s suggestion that a change be made by which register be deposited with consular office of their respective nations favorably received. 534
332 Same to same (No. 487) June 13 Discriminating duties on goods transshipped from West Indies to Venezuela: Modification of the law will be asked for, to exempt goods from United States covered by, through consular invoices and bills of lading for United States ports; President has sufficient power, though Congress has adjourned, to make this remedial measure. 535
333 Same to same (No. 494) June 19 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: Reiterated that though Venezuela did not intend by this measure to injure commerce of United States, such would be its effect; the exemption of consignments covered by through consular invoices and bills of lading, by way of colonial ports to Venezuela, would remedy the mischief to our commerce. 536
334 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 163). July 5 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped by way of colonial ports to Venezuela: Letter of Boulton, Bliss & Dallett, asking for modification of, as to merchandise covered by consular invoices destined for Maracaibo by transshipment at Curacoa inclosed. 537
335 Same to same (No. 168) July 11 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: Importance of securing modification of, and no occasion to effect, should be lost. 538
336 Mr. Davis to Mr. Baker (No. 179). Aug. 18 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments to Venezuela transshipped by way of colonial ports: Department approves of steps taken by the minister to obtain a modification of decree enforcing. 538
337 Mr. Baker to Mr. Frelinghuysen (No. 542). Aug. 29 Centennial celebration of the birthday of Bolivar: To take place July 24, 1883, all nations generally to be invited to take part; monumental statue of George Washington to be erected as part of the celebration. 539
338 Same to same (No. 570) Oct. 31 Custody of ships registers by customs authorities: Interview with the President relative to United States’ request that it be accorded to the respective consuls; supported on ground that it was the general practice and dictate of the comity of nations; danger of loss of papers by local officials; these views Venezuela dissents from: instructions relative requested. 539
339 Same to same (No. 573) Nov. 7 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: President opposed to change of law allowing invoiced goods to land for reshipment at colonial ports, but is favorable to allowance of transshipment of through invoiced goods at these ports. 540
[Page LIII]340 Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Baker (No. 187.) Nov. 22 Additional duty of 30 per cent, on consignments transshipped to Venezuela by way of colonial ports: Communication New York merchants as to injurious effects of, on commerce inclosed; commerce by way of transshipment on routes of international intercourse is indispensable, and should be facilitated by judicious legislation; the favorable disposition in this matter should be availed of to effect an improvement in this. 541
341 Same to same (No. 190) Nov. 29 Custody of ships’ papers in ports of Venezuela: Reasons United States desires a change in law of; that it would not be an innovation to put ships’ papers on deposit with the respective consuls; existing rule is in contravention of spirit of reciprocity; custody of ships’ papers by consul of her nation is necessary to the prevention of frauds. 543
[Page [LIV]]