naturalization of aliens.

In Austria an alien acquires the rights of citizenship by being named a public functionary.1 The government can also confer those rights upon an alien who has been previously authorized to exercise a profession after ten years’ residence.

No one can exercise any profession in Austria without the permission of the authorities.

Mere admission into the military service does not give the right of naturalization. The wife of an Austrian becomes an Austrian subject by her marriage.


Emigration is not permitted without the consent of the proper authorities; but the emigrant who has obtained permission and who quits the empire sine animo revertendi forfeits his privileges as an Austrian subject.

For a fuller account of the Austrian laws, see the report by the counsel of the Vienna embassy. (Addenda H.)

  1. Fœlix, vol. i, p. 98.