Mr. Burlingame to Mr. Seward
Sir: Agreeably to your request, I send, on leaving, a brief memorandum of suggestions relating to China.
I hope you will see that Consul General Seward’s letter to me, now with Mr. Chew, shall receive due consideration; that the college bill, so important, now in Mr. Raymond’s hands, shall not be forgotten; that the question of a legation presented in my despatch No. 25 may go to Congress; that your wise suggestion, that a war vessel shall be tendered to the first representative sent by the Chinese to this government shall have fruition; and that a sufficient force may be sent to the Chinese waters to perform our part in suppressing piracy.
One flag-ship of large tonnage, with five swift vessels like the “Winooski,” should, in my judgment, be placed at once on the Chinese station. This force will be small as compared with that of France and Great Britain.
I beg you to request that officers of the highest standing may be sent to command them—men who will at all times be regardful of the rights and feelings of the Chinese, and who will understand the co-operative policy which is a substitution of fair diplomatic action for force.
That you may see what questions are submitted to me, I send (marked A) those of Mr. Heard, as answered by Mr. Dexter, a reputable lawyer of Boston, in relation to Chinese emigration. Now the laws of China are against emigration, but if we desire it they may be changed. I have not as yet matured my views on this subject, and only call your attention to it as one likely to require careful consideration in the future,
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, Washington, D. C.