Mr. Morris to Mr. Seward

No. 100.]

Sir: * * * * * * * *

I have translated the enclosed article from the Byzantes, a Greek paper published in this capital, which has a large circulation both here and among the Greek population throughout the empire.

It may be gratifying to the President to know how perfectly his character and actions are appreciated at this distant point by a foreign people, (for the editor but represents the sentiments common to all Greeks,) and how important his re-election is regarded by the friends of liberty in the east.

With great respect, your obedient servant,


Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State.

The American presidential election.

The news from New York announces the re-election of Mr. Lincoln, President of the United States. All the States, with the exception of three, cast their suffrage for this bold and energetic leader of the republic, who, long since, thoroughly cognizant of the ultimate aims of the southern secessionists, has inflexibly persevered in his efforts to preserve the Union at all hazards.

The event may be regarded as the beginning of the end. The war will be brought to an end, the Union will be saved, and foreign machinations will be foiled. Through the election of the peace candidate for the presidency foreign influence hoped to secure the success of the secession movement and the establishment of another power between the new empire of Mexico and the great democratic republic. If Mr. Lincoln had been defeated, the great undertaking which has been so long prosecuted, and at such immense sacrifices of blood and treasure, would have been frustrated, and before long the republic, through foreign intrigue, would have been dismembered, and the secession of the south recognized as a fixed fact, There would, no doubt, have been found in every State of the Union men lost to all patriotic instincts and animated exclusively by selfish ambition and monarchical sympathies, who would have played the same part in their respective States which the secessionists are now performing in regard to the Union. In confirmation of the truth of our remarks, we refer to the tone of the greater part of the French press. There is no mistaking it. The independence of the south is a question of life or death for the new dynasty in Mexico.

The secession movement is powerfully sustained from abroad by secret aid. The piratical cruisers of the disunionists find an asylum under the guns of Cherbourg, in France, and of Brazilian ships-of-war in the harbors of that country. Look at the affair of the Alabama and the Florida; look at the frenzied zeal of the French journalists for the election of anybody but Lincoln, and the false reports constantly published by them of reputed successes of the south, and their clamor for the cessation of the war and the intervention of European states, and it will be seen that we are not far from the truth, Lincoln has shown himself a man of superior intelligence; a consummate patriot, combining prudence with energy, and fertile, in an extraordinary degree, in expedients necessary for the successful prosecution of the great contest which he has in charge.

If America is indebted to Washington for one thing, it will ere long be made manifest that to Lincoln she owes all. Washington founded the Union; Lincoln will preserve it. It is undoubtedly a much more difficult task to preserve than to establish. Lincoln, as President of the United States, has become the providential savior of human liberty. His indomitable perseverance has stimulated the wonderful activity of the northern armies, given new life to [Page 278] the persistent energy of Grant and of the other generals of the north. Under his administration the American war approaches its end, and the south is sinking under exhaustion from the incessant attacks to which it is subject, the devastation of its chief cities, and the systematic siege of its capital. Lincoln has accomplished the programme of the Unionists. At first this programme embraced only the abolition of negro slavery at every cost; subsequently Lincoln added to it the maintenance of the Union at all hazards. Through the first the United States has shown itself consistent with the political principles to which it owes its origin; through the second, Lincoln has completely baffled the insidious schemes of the monarchists.

The enemies of the administration of Lincoln have denounced it in every way as factious, selfish, reckless, and improvident, and as leading the Union to ruin. One of the chief organs of the monarchical faction, the editor of the Courrier des Etats Unis, immediately after the election of Lincoln, left the State and transferred the seat of publication of his paper to Mexico. Despairing of sowing seeds of dissension in the republic, he has offered his services to the new empire. The enemies of Mr. Lincoln and the Union have endeavored to weaken the force of his re-election by asserting that it has been accomplished by illegal means. The result has, however, signally demonstrated that it is altogether owing to the unshaken confidence of the American people in the character and actions of the President. The enemies of the Union have not only sought to secure its dissolution by foreign intervention, but also in the protection which, openly and in defiance of law, they have afforded to the piratical vessels of the confederates, to involve the Union in war with foreign states, and to render Americans the instruments of America’s ruin. The world has seen with what consummate skill Lincoln has navigated the ship of state through these perils by which it has been surrounded. Our readers recollect the manner in which Drouyn de Lhuys received the American minister, Mr. Dayton, on entering his office to express to him the views of Mr. Lincoln with respect to the new Mexican monarchy: “You proclaim war against us, then.”

They who befriend the new Mexican empire, and who lavish their treasure for schemes of annexation and conquest in Cochin China, Africa, and America, to support the political system with which their interests are involved, are enemies of Lincoln. It is natural that the monarchical reactionists should denounce the republicans as demagogues, charlatans, sans culottes, revolutionists, &c, &c. They are called demagogues because they tell the people what their enemies do not wish them to know; charlatans, because they are frank and unreserved in their dealings with them; revolutionists, because they have the power to move the popular mind in the hour of danger. It is no wonder, indeed, that Lincoln is calumniated by these traducers of the friends of liberty. Despite this storm of calumny, and of the efforts of the enemies of the great American republic, the helm of state has been again committed by the suffrage of the people to the hands of this man of firm and inflexible purpose, and of indomitable perseverance. The war will soon terminate through the subjugation or the pacification of the. south. The Jefferson Davis and Lee monarchical instruments cannot withstand the iron will of twenty millions of people, and the southern States will return within their proper orbit. And if Juarez, respecting the interests of the great democracy, may now be silent, he will again be heard when peace is made in the United States. The recent Union victories have given serious apprehension to the patrons of the new Mexican empire; they see in them the signs of approaching ruin to the cause of Jefferson Davis; and when that shall take place they know the road to Mexico will be opened.

The re-election of Mr. Lincoln to the presidency of the United States must be regarded as an event of signal historical import to the cause of liberty, and as a vindication of the superior intelligence of the American people. If ever there was a day in American history which required the practical exercise of legal liberty, it was the day of the recent election for the President of the United States. There can never be in the annals of the United States a more memorable day than that of the 8th of November, 1864. If the confederates make a great show of effort, and if Hood has entered Tennessee with 30,000 men, Sherman, according to the telegraph, having destroyed Atlanta, has abandoned it. Grant is erecting his winter tents in front of Richmond, and an extraordinary activity pervades all the armies of the north. The coming spring will, in all probability, finish a war which, on account of many difficulties, could not have been previously brought to an end.