Mr. Seward to Mr. Marsh.

No. 121.]

Sir: I have read with much interest your confidential despatch of the 25th October, which is devoted exclusively to Italian politics.

Italy being a hereditary monarchy in the house of Savoy, has, in that circumstance, a guarantee of considerable value against the demoralization which might be expected to follow a change of capital from its western interior position to an eastern one, or near the Mediterranean. Time will probably materially modify the political sentiments of the Italian people, and thus impair the guarantee I have mentioned. As a distinct proposition I should think any removal of the capital unwise, and a removal to Rome most unwise of all. But Italian statesmen seem to think otherwise, and we may wisely, perhaps, leave the question to their judgment.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,


George P. Marsh, Esq., &c., &c., &c., Turin.