Prior to 1971, the Trucial Sheikdoms of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharja, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Fujairah, and Ras al-Khaimah were under a British protectorate. As such, the Untied States had a very limited relationship with the sheikdoms. Relations became more regular when these sheikdoms formed the United Arab Emirates and gained independence in 1971. Since then, relations became more regular and have grown stronger over the years.
U.S. Recognition of the United Arab Emirates’ Independence, 1971.
The UAE declared its independence on December 2, 1971, following the completion of treaties with Great Britain. The United States recognized the United Arab Emirates the next day on December 3.
Establishment of Diplomatic Relations, 1972.
Diplomatic relations were established on March 20, 1972, when American Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary William A. Stoltzfus, Jr. presented his credentials to the government of the United Arab Emirates. Stoltzfus was also accredited to a number of other Persian Gulf states and he resided in Kuwait.
Establishment of the American Embassy in the United Arab Emirates, 1974.
The United States Embassy in Abu Dhabi was established on June 24, 1974, when the first American Ambassador in residence, Michael Edmund Sterner, presented his credentials to United Arab Emirates’ officials.
- Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976, Volume XXIV, Middle East Region and Arabian Peninsula, 1969–1972; Jordan, September 1970 (Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 2008).
- Department of State Country Fact Sheet: United Arab Emirates
- Department of State Country Information: United Arab Emirates