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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XVII, China, 1969–1972


Abbreviations

  • A/A, anti-aircraft
  • A/AID, Office of the Administrator, Agency for International Development
  • AA, Afro-Asian
  • AB, air base
  • ABC, American Broadcasting Company
  • ABF, attacks by fire
  • ABM, anti-ballistic missile
  • ACA, Office of Asian Communist Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • ACDA, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
  • ACTION, Federal agency that coordinates domestic volunteer efforts
  • ADB, Asian Development Bank
  • ADOA, Air Defense Operations Agreement
  • AEC, Atomic Energy Commission
  • AF, Air Force; also Bureau of African Affairs, Department of State
  • AFB, air force base
  • AFL–CIO, American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • AFP, Agence France Press
  • AID, Agency for International Development
  • AID/NESA, Bureau for Near East and South Asia, Agency for International Development
  • AMB, ambassador
  • AMCITS, American citizens
  • AMH, Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.
  • AMCONGEN, American Consul General
  • AMCONSUL, American Consul
  • ANZUS, Australia, New Zealand, United States
  • AP, Associated Press
  • APC, armored personnel carrier; also Accelerated Pacification Campaign
  • AR, Albanian Resolution (UN)
  • ARA, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
  • ARVN, Army of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
  • ASA, Association of Southeast Asia
  • ASAP, as soon as possible
  • ASEAN, Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • ASPAC, Asian and Pacific Council
  • B–52, United States Air Force strategic bomber
  • Backchannel, a method of communication outside normal bureaucratic procedure; the White House, for instance, used “backchannel” messages to bypass the Department of State
  • BNDD, Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, Department of Justice
  • BOB, Bureau of the Budget
  • C–130, United States Air Force transport plane
  • C, Office of the Counselor of the Department of State
  • CA, circular airgram
  • CAF, Chinese Air Force (ROC)
  • CANDEL, Canadian Delegation
  • CAP, Combined Action Platoon
  • CAT, Civil Air Transport
  • CCA, Chinese Communist Army
  • CCK, Chiang Ching-kuo (Jiang Jingguo); also Ching Chuan Kang Airbase in Taiwan
  • CCN, Chinese Communist Navy
  • CCP, Chinese Communist Party
  • CEA, Council of Economic Advisers
  • CENTO, Central Asian Treaty Organization (Baghdad Pact)
  • Chicom(s), Chinese Communist(s)
  • CHIDEL, Chinese delegation
  • CHINAT, Chinese Nationalist(s)
  • CHIREC, Chinese recognition (involves bilateral relations between the PRC or ROC and a third country)
  • CHIREP, Chinese representation (UN)
  • CHMAAG, Chief, Military Assistance Advisory Group (ROC)
  • CI, counterinsurgency
  • CIA, Central Intelligence Agency
  • CIA/ONE, Central Intelligence Agency, Office of National Estimates
  • CIAP, Inter-American Committee for the Alliance for Progress
  • CIB, Central Intelligence Bulletin (CIA)
  • CIEP, Council on International Economic Policy
  • CIF, Chinese Irregular Forces
  • CINC, Commander in Chief
  • CINCMEAFSA, Commander in Chief, Middle East, South Asia, and Africa South of the Sahara
  • CINCPAC, Commander in Chief, Pacific
  • CINCPACAF, Commander in Chief, Pacific Air Force
  • CINCPACFLT, Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet
  • CINCPAC/POLAD, Commander in Chief, Pacific, Political Advisor
  • CINCSTRIKE, Commander in Chief, Strike Command
  • CINCUNK, Commander in Chief of United Nations Forces in Korea
  • CINCUSARPAC, Commander in Chief, U.S. Army Pacific
  • CIP, commodities import program
  • CJCS, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • CL, classified
  • CM, Chairman's (of JCS) memorandum
  • CMC, Commandant of the Marine Corps
  • CNO, Chief of Naval Operations
  • Cocom, Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
  • Codel, Congressional delegation
  • Col, Colonel
  • COMECON, Council on Mutual Economic Assistance
  • COMINT, communications intelligence
  • Comite, committee
  • COMUSMACV, Commander in Chief, U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
  • COMUSTDC, Commander, U.S. Taiwan Defense Command
  • CONG, Congress or congressman
  • CONGEN, Consul General
  • CONUS, continental United States
  • COSVN, Central Office for South Vietnam
  • CPR, Chinese People's Republic (also PRC)
  • CPT, Thai Communist Party
  • CSA, Chief of Staff of the Army
  • CSAF, Chief of Staff of the Air Force
  • CST, Central Standard Time
  • CT, Thai Communist Insurgents; also Country Team
  • CTZ, corps tactical zone
  • CU, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Department of State
  • CY, calendar year
  • D, Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Department of State
  • D/INR, Director, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • DA, Department of the Army
  • DAO, defense attaché office
  • DATT, defense attaché
  • DCI, Director of Central Intelligence
  • DCM, Deputy Chief of Mission
  • DDC, Office of the Deputy Director for Coordination, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • DDCI, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
  • DDO, Deputy Directorate for Operations
  • DDP, Deputy Directorate for Plans
  • DefMin, minister of defense
  • DefSec, Defense Secretary
  • Del, delegate; delegation
  • Dept, Department of State
  • Depcirtel, circular telegram from the Department of State
  • DepFonMin, deputy foreign minister
  • Deptel, Department of State telegram
  • DIA, Defense Intelligence Agency
  • DirGen or DG, Director General
  • Dis or Dissem, dissemination
  • DL, development loan
  • DMZ, demilitarized zone
  • DOD, Department of Defense
  • DOD/ISA, Department of Defense, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
  • DOS, Department of State
  • DPM, Deputy Prime Minister
  • DPRC, Defense Program Review Committee
  • DPRG, Defense Program Review Group
  • DRV, Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam)
  • DTG, date/time/group
  • E, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State
  • E/ORF, International Resources and Food Policy, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State
  • E/ORF/ICD, Office of International Commodities, International Resources and Food Policy, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State
  • EA, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/ACA, Office of Asian Communist Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/ANZ, Office of Australia, New Zealand and Pacific Islands Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/LC, Office of Laos/Cambodian Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/RA, Office of Regional Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/ROC, Office of Republic of China Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/ROK, Office of Republic of Korea Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • ECAFE, United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East
  • ECOSOC, United Nations Economic and Social Council
  • ELR, Elliot L. Richardson
  • Emb, Embassy
  • Emboff, Embassy officer
  • Embtel, Embassy telegram
  • EOB, Executive Office Building
  • EST, Eastern Standard Time; also estimated
  • EUR, Bureau of European Affairs, Department of State
  • EUR/CAN, Office of Canada Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs, Department of State
  • EUR/SOV, Office of Soviet Union Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs, Department of State
  • Exdis, exclusive distribution
  • Ex-Im, Export-Import Bank of Washington
  • F–4 (Phantom), twin engine turbo jet, all weather, supersonic tactical fighter bomber with two crew members
  • F–5 (Freedom Fighter), twin engine, supersonic light tactical fighter with one or two crew
  • F–100, single engine, supersonic fighter aircraft
  • F, fighter (designation used for United States fighter aircraft)
  • FAC, Foreign Assets Control
  • FAO, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
  • FANK, Forces Armées Royales Khmeres (Khmer National Armed Forces)
  • FAR or FARK, Forces Armées Royales Khmeres (Royal Khmer Armed Forces)
  • FBI, Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service
  • FE, Far East; also Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs
  • Flash, indicates message of highest priority requiring the attention of the Secretary of State
  • FM, foreign minister; also from
  • FMS, foreign military sales
  • FODAG, United States Mission to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
  • FonMin, foreign minister
  • FonOff, foreign office
  • FonSec, foreign secretary
  • FR, France
  • FRC, Federal Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
  • FSO, Foreign Service Officer
  • FWF, free world forces
  • FT, foreign trade
  • FY, fiscal year
  • FYI, for your information
  • GA, United Nations General Assembly
  • GAO, General Accounting Office
  • GATT, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
  • GDP, gross domestic product
  • Gen, General
  • GIMO, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi)
  • GIO, Government Information Office (ROC)
  • GMT, Greenwich Mean Time
  • GNP, gross national product
  • GOC, Government of Canada; also Government of Cambodia
  • GOI, Government of India; also Government of Indonesia
  • GOJ, Government of Japan
  • GOVT, government
  • GPO, Government Printing Office
  • GRC, Government of the Republic of China
  • GSA, General Services Administration
  • GUB, Government of the Union of Burma
  • GVN, Government of Vietnam
  • GVR, Government of the Republic of Vietnam
  • H, Bureau of Congressional Relations, Department of State
  • HAK, Henry A. Kissinger
  • H.E., His Excellency
  • HEW, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
  • HFAC, House Foreign Affairs Committee
  • HK, Hong Kong; also initials for Henry Kissinger
  • HKG, Hong Kong Government
  • HMG, Her Majesty's Government, United Kingdom
  • hq, headquarters
  • HR, House Resolution
  • HUD, Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • I, Office of the Director, United States Information Agency
  • IAEA, International Atomic Energy Agency
  • IBMND, Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of National Defense (ROC)
  • IBRD, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank
  • ICBM, intercontinental ballistic missile
  • ICC, International Control and Supervision Commission
  • ICJ, International Court of Justice
  • ICRC, International Committee, Red Cross
  • IFI, International Financial Institution
  • IMF, International Monetary Fund
  • INFO, information
  • INR, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • INR/DDC, Office of the Deputy Director for Coordination, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • INR/DDR/REA, Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and Pacific, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • INR/EAP, East Asia and the Pacific, Bureau of Intelligence and Research
  • INR/OD, Office of the Director, Bureau of Intelligence and Research
  • INR/RA, Regional Affairs, Bureau of Intelligence and Research
  • INTEL, intelligence
  • IO, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Department of State
  • IO/UNP, Office of United Nations Political Affairs, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Department of State
  • IQ, important question
  • IRBM, intermediate range ballistic missile
  • IRG, Interdepartmental Regional Group
  • ISA, Office of International Security Affairs, Department of Defense
  • J, Office of the Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Department of State
  • J/PM, Office of Politico-Military Affairs in the Office of the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
  • JCRR, Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction, Republic of China (ROC)
  • JCS, Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • JCSM, Joint Chiefs of Staff memorandum
  • JHH, John Herbert Holdridge
  • JUSMAG, Joint United States Military Group
  • JUSPAO, Joint United States Public Affairs Office
  • K, Kissinger
  • KHR, Khmer Republic
  • KMT, Kuomintang (Nationalist Party, ROC), also called the Guomindang (GMD)
  • KT, kilotons
  • L, Office of the Legal Adviser, Department of State
  • LA, Latin America
  • LDC, less developed country
  • LDX, long distance xerography
  • Limdis, limited distribution
  • LOC, lines of communication
  • LPF, Lao Patriotic Front (Pathet Lao)
  • LTA, long-term agreement (textiles)
  • LTG, Lieutenant General
  • M–1, World War II-era U.S. military rifle
  • M–14, semi automatic U.S. military rifle
  • M–16, U.S. military field rifle
  • M–113, armored personnel carrier
  • M, Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Management
  • mm, millimeter
  • MAAG, Military Assistance Advisory Group
  • MAC, Military Assistance Command
  • MACV, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
  • MAP, Military Assistance/Aid Program
  • MASF, Military Assistance Service Funded
  • MBA, Military Base Agreement
  • MBFR, Mutual Balanced Force Reduction talks
  • MemCon, memorandum of conversation
  • MFA, multifiber agreement
  • MIA, missing in action
  • MIG, A. I. Mikoyan and M. I. Gurevich (Soviet fighter aircraft named for their two most important designers)
  • MIL, military
  • MILAD, military adviser
  • MinDef, minister of defense
  • MisOff, mission officer
  • MND, Ministry of National Defense (ROC)
  • MOD, minister; also ministry of defense
  • MOFA, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (ROC)
  • MONG, Mongolia
  • MP, member of parliament
  • MPR, Mongolian People's Republic
  • MR, military region; also memorandum for the record
  • MRBM, medium-range ballistic missile
  • MT, metric ton
  • NARA, National Archives and Records Administration
  • NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NCO, non-commissioned officer
  • NE, northeast
  • NEA, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, Department of State
  • NEA/INC, Country Director for India, Ceylon, Nepal and Maldives Islands, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs
  • NEA/PAF, Country Director for Pakistan and Afghanistan, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs
  • NEA/RA, Office of Regional Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs
  • NESA, Bureau for Near East and South Asia, Agency for International Development
  • Niact, night action, communications indicator requiring attention by the recipient at any hour of the day or night
  • NIC, National Intelligence Council
  • NIE, National Intelligence Estimate
  • NLF, National Liberation Front
  • NLFSVN, National Liberation Front of South Vietnam
  • nm, nautical mile
  • Nodis, no distribution (other than to persons indicated)
  • Noforn, no foreign dissemination
  • Notal, not received by all addressees
  • NPT, Nonproliferation Treaty
  • NSA, National Security Agency
  • NSAM, National Security Action Memorandum
  • NSC, National Security Council
  • NSC IG/EA, National Security Council Interdepartmental Group on East Asia
  • NSDM, National Security Decision Memorandum
  • NSSM, National Security Study Memorandum
  • NT, New Taiwan Dollar, ROC's unit of currency
  • NVA (also NVNA), North Vietnamese Army
  • NVA/VC, North Vietnam/Viet Cong
  • NVN, North Vietnam
  • NZ, New Zealand
  • OASD, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense
  • OASD/ISA, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
  • OBE, overtaken by events
  • OCI, Office of Current Intelligence
  • OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • OEP, Office of Emergency Preparedness
  • O & M, operations and maintenance
  • OMB, Office of Management and Budget
  • ONE, Office of National Estimates (CIA)
  • OPIC, Overseas Private Investment Corporation
  • OSD, Office of the Secretary of Defense
  • OSD/ISA, Office of the Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
  • OUSD, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense
  • P, Bureau of Public Affairs, Department of State; also President
  • PA, purchase authorization
  • PACAF, Pacific Air Force
  • PACOM, Pacific Command
  • PACFLT, Pacific Fleet
  • PARA, paragraph; also Policy Analysis Resource Allocation
  • PAO, public affairs officer
  • PAVN, People's Army of Vietnam
  • PD, presidential determination
  • PDB, President's Daily Brief
  • PermRep, permanent representative
  • PFIAB, President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
  • PL, public law; also Pathet Lao
  • PL–480, Public Law 480 (Food for Peace)
  • PLA, People's Liberation Army (PRC)
  • PM, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State; also prime minister
  • PM/ISP, Office of International Security Policy and Planning, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
  • PMG, Politico-military Group
  • PNG, persona non grata
  • POF, President's Office Files (Nixon Presidential Materials)
  • POL, petroleum, oil, and lubricants; Poland; political
  • POLAD, political adviser
  • PolOff, political officer
  • POW, prisoner of war
  • PR, public relations
  • PRC, People's Republic of China (see also CPR)
  • PRES, the President
  • PriMin, prime minister
  • R & D, research and development
  • RCD, Organization of Regional Cooperation for Development
  • RD, rural development
  • reftel, reference telegram
  • rep, representative
  • res, resolution
  • RET'D, returned
  • RG, record group or review group
  • RMN or RN, Richard Nixon
  • RNC, Republican National Committee
  • ROC, Republic of China (see also GRC)
  • ROK, Republic of Korea (South Korea)ROVN or RVN Republic of Vietnam
  • RPT, repeat RVN, Republic of Vietnam
  • RVNAF, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces
  • S, Office of the Secretary of State
  • S/AL, Ambassador at Large
  • S/PC, Planning and Coordination Staff, Department of State
  • S/PRS, Office of Press Relations, Department of State
  • S/S, Executive Secretariat of the Department of State
  • S/S–S, Secretariat Staff, Executive Secretariat of the Department of State SA, supporting assistance SAC, Strategic Air Command SALT, Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
  • SAM, surface-to-air missile
  • SAR, search and rescue missions
  • SC, United Nations Security Council
  • SCA, Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs, Department of State
  • SCI, Bureau of International Scientific and Technological Affairs, Department of State
  • SE, southeast
  • SEA, Southeast Asia
  • SEACOORD, Southeast Asia Coordinating Committee
  • SEAMEC, Southeast Asia Monetary Exchange Council
  • SEATO, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
  • Secdef, Secretary of Defense
  • Secstate, Secretary of State
  • Secto, series indicator for telegrams from the Secretary of State while away from Washington
  • Secy, Secretary of State
  • Secy Gen, Secretary General
  • Septel, separate telegram
  • SFRC, Senate Foreign Relations Committee
  • SIG, Senior Interdepartmental Group (NSC)
  • SIGINT, signals intelligence
  • SIOP, Single Integrated Operations Plan (for strategic nuclear weapons)
  • SITREP, situations report
  • SLBM, submarine launched ballistic missile
  • SMOF, Staff Member and Office Files (Nixon Presidential Materials)
  • SNIE, Special National Intelligence Estimate
  • SOF(A), Status of Forces (Agreement)
  • SOP, standard operating procedure
  • SR, strategic reserve
  • SR–171, U.S. high altitude reconnaissance aircraft
  • SRG, Senior Review Group
  • Subj., subject
  • SVN, South Vietnam
  • SYG, United Nations Secretary General
  • TA, technical assistance
  • TAC, tactical; also tactical air command
  • TACAIR, tactical air
  • TACS, Tactical Air Control System
  • TASS, Telegraphnoye Agentsvo Sovetskogo Soyuza (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union)
  • TC, technical cooperation
  • TCC, Troop Contributing (to Vietnam) Countries
  • TDC, Taiwan Defense Command
  • TDY, temporary duty
  • TIAS, United States Treaties and Other International Agreements (publication series from the Department of State)
  • TIM, Taiwan Independence Movement
  • Toaid, series indicator for telegrams to the Agency for International Development
  • Todel, series indicator for telegrams to the delegation at the Paris Peace Talks
  • TOR, terms of reference
  • Tosec, series indicator for telegrams sent to the Secretary of State while outside of Washington
  • Tosit, to the White House Situation Room
  • TS, top secret
  • U–S/M, Under Secretaries' memorandum
  • U–2, single engine, high altitude reconnaissance aircraft with one crew member (U.S.)
  • U, Office of the Under Secretary of State; also unclassified
  • UH, utility helicopter (Huey)
  • UK, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • UN, United Nations
  • UNCURK, United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea
  • UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • UNGA, United Nations General Assembly
  • UNSC, United Nations Security Council
  • UNSTO, United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
  • UPI, United Press International
  • US, United States
  • USA, United States Army
  • USAF, United States Air Force
  • USAID, United States Agency for International Development U.S.C., United States Code
  • USDA, United States Department of Agriculture
  • USDAO, United States Defense Attaché Office
  • USG, United States Government
  • USIA, United States Information Agency
  • USIB, United States Intelligence Board
  • USINFO, United States Information Service
  • USIS, United States Information Service (overseas branches of USIA)
  • USMC, United States Marine Corps
  • USN, United States Navy
  • USOM, United States Operations Mission
  • USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • UST, United States Treaty
  • USUN, United States Mission to the United Nations
  • VC, Vietcong
  • VC/NVA, Vietcong/North Vietnamese
  • VCI, Viet Cong Infrastructure
  • VN, Vietnam
  • VNAF, Vietnamese Air Force
  • VOA, Voice of America
  • VOLAGS, voluntary agencies
  • VP, Vice President
  • VSSG, Vietnam Special Studies Group
  • WESTPAC, Commander, Western Pacific
  • WH, White House
  • WHCF, White House Central Files
  • WHO, World Health Organization; also White House Office (series indicator for White House messages)
  • WNRC, Washington National Records Center
  • WPR, William P. Rogers
  • WSAG, Washington Special Actions Group
  • Z, Zulu (Greenwich Mean Time)