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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964–1968, Volume XII, Western Europe

Editor:
James E. Miller
General Editor:
David S. Patterson

United States Government Printing Office
Washington
2001

Department of State
Office of the Historian
Bureau of Public Affairs



Overview

The documentation printed in this volume highlights the central role of the Department of State in bilateral policy formulation toward individual Western European nations and Canada. The documentation on Denmark focuses on Danish nuclear policy on Greenland and a supplementary understanding reached between the United States and Denmark on their 1951 Defense of Greenland agreement in the aftermath of the crash of a nuclear-armed U.S. B-52 bomber near Thule Air Force Base in Greenland. Documentation on France is more comprehensive and includes Franco-American differences, primarily those stemming from President de Gaulle's actions concerning NATO, as well as differences over Cuba, Southeast Asia, and the People's Republic of China. The documentation on Italy reflects U.S. interest in the internal political scene in Italy at the outset of the center-left coalition period, as well as developments in the Italian Communist Party. The documentation on Portugal highlights U.S. concerns about the policies of the Salazar regime in Africa. With regard to Spain, the documents focus on negotiations over renewal of U.S. base rights in Spain as well as Spain's thoughts about its future relationships with Western Europe in general and the European Economic Community in particular. The documentation on the United Kingdom is a tour d'horizon of economic, political, and defense issues. The main topics include the sterling crisis, British plans to pull back "East of Suez," and Anglo-American differences over Vietnam. Also included in this volume is documentation on the Vatican, which reflects the Holy See's increasing concern about the conflict in Vietnam and the Pope's efforts to mediate the conflict. Extensive consultations on Vietnam are also highlighted in the documentation on Canada, but there is also an important focus on trade, Law of the Sea, and fisheries issues.