Abbreviations and Terms

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    • AAA, Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance
    • ABA, American Bar Association
    • ACDA, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
    • ACDA/WEC/ATE, Arms Transfer and Economics Division, Weapons Evaluation and Control Bureau, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
    • AD, Accion Democratica (Democratic Action), Venezuelan political party
    • ADB, Asian Development Bank
    • Adeco, a member of Venezuela’s AD party
    • ADN, Accion Democratica Nacionalista (Nationalist Democratic Action), Bolivian political party
    • AFP, Agence France Presse
    • AID, U.S. Agency for International Development
    • AID/LA, LAC, Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, U.S. AID
    • AID/RDP, Regional Development Program, U.S. AID
    • AID/LAC/SA, Office of South American Affairs, Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, U.S. AID
    • AIFLD, American Institute for Free Labor Development
    • AP, Andean Pact; Associated Press
    • APRA, Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (Popular Revolutionary American Alliance), Peruvian political party
    • ARA, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/AND, Office of Andean Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/AND/CH, Chile Desk, Office of Andean Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/BR, Office of Brazilian Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/ECA, Office of East Coast Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/ECP, Office of Regional Economic Policy, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/PPC, Office of Policy Planning Coordination, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/RPP, Office of Political Programs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/RPP/PM, Regional Political Program, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARA/SC, Office of Southern Cone Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • ARENA, Aliance Removadora Nacional (National Renewal Alliance), Brazilian political party
    • ARMA, U.S. Army Attaché
    • AS, Assistant Secretary
    • ASEAN, Association of Southeast Asian Nations
    • BA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    • b/d, barrels per day (of oil)
    • BHN, basic human need (a category of loans in the IFIs)
    • BOP, balance of payments
    • B/P, balance of payments
    • BPD, barrels per day (of oil)
    • CAP, Carlos Andres Perez
    • CARICOM, Caribbean Community
    • CASP, Country Analysis and Strategy Paper
    • CBF, Corporación Boliviana de Fomento (Bolivian Development Corporation)
    • CCC, Commodity Credit Corporation
    • CDU, Christian Democratic Union, West German political party
    • CENTO, Central Treaty Organization
    • CEOSL, La Confederación Ecuatoriana de Organizaciones Sindicales Libres (Ecuadorian Confederation of Free Trade Union Organizations)
    • CERP 0001, Comprehensive Economic Reporting program; annual policy assessment mandated by the Foreign Affairs Manual
    • CHMN, Chairman
    • Christopher Group, The Inter-Agency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance, chaired by Deputy Secretary of State Christopher
    • CIA, Central Intelligence Agency
    • CIEC, Conference on International Economic Cooperation
    • CINC, Commander in Chief
    • CIPEC, Intergovernmental Council of Copper Exporting Countries
    • CNI, Central Nacional de Informaciones (National Information Center), Chilean intelligence service, successor to DINA
    • CNO, Chief of Naval Operations
    • COB, Bolivian Workers’ Central Confederation
    • COCOM, Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls
    • COMASPO, Uruguayan Armed Forces Political Commission
    • COMIBOL, Corporación Minera de Bolivia (Mining Corporation of Bolivia)
    • COPPAL, Conference of Latin American Political Parties
    • COPEI, Venezuelan Christian Democratic Party
    • Copeyano, a member of Venezuela’s COPEI party
    • COSENA, Uruguayan National Security Council
    • COSEP, Superior Council for Private Enterprise (Nicaragua)
    • CPF, Concentración de Fuerzas Populares (Concentration of Popular Forces), Ecuadoran political party
    • CSA, Chief of Staff of the Army
    • CSAF, Chief of Staff of the Air Force
    • CTV, Confederación de Trabajadores de Venezuela (Venezuelan Workers Confederation); Venezuelan labor union linked with AD political party
    • CUS, Nicaraguan Labor Organization
    • CVDS, countervailing duties
    • CY, calendar year
    • D, Office of the Deputy Secretary of State
    • D/HA, Coordinator for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Office of the Deputy Secretary of State
    • DA, David Aaron
    • DA, Defense Attaché
    • DAM, disposicion autoridad milita (disposition of military authority), prisoners held under military authority in Argentina
    • DAO, Defense Attaché Office
    • DAS, Deputy Assistant Secretary
    • DATT, Defense Attaché
    • DC, Developed Country
    • DCI, Director of Central Intelligence
    • DCM, Deputy Chief of Mission
    • DDCI, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
    • DDO, Deputy Director for Operations, Central Intelligence Agency
    • DEA, Drug Enforcement Administration
    • DGI, Cuban General Directorate of Intelligence
    • DI, Directorate of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency
    • DIA, Defense Intelligence Agency
    • DINA, Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia (Directorate of National Intelligence), Chilean secret police and intelligence service, abolished and replaced by CNI in late 1977
    • DINE, Chilean Army Intelligence Directorate
    • DISIP, Dirección de los Servicios de Inteligencia y Prevención (Directorate of Intelligence and Preventive Services), Venezuelan intelligence agency
    • DMA, Defense Mapping Agency
    • DNCSP, Dirección Nacional para el Control de Substancias Peligrosas (National Directorate for the Control of Dangerous Substances), Bolivian anti-narcotics agency
    • DOD, Department of Defense
    • DOD/ISA, Bureau of International Security Affairs, Department of Defense
    • DOE, Department of Energy
    • DOS, Department of State
    • DR, Daily Reading (President Carter’s early morning reading)
    • E, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State
    • EB, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, Department of State
    • EB/ITA/EWT, Office of East-West Trade, Office of International Trade Policy, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, Department of State
    • EB/IFD/ODF, Office of Development Finance, International Finance and Development, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, Department of State
    • EB/IFD/OMA, Office of Monetary Affairs, International Finance and Development, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, Department of State
    • EC, European Community
    • ECLA, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America
    • ECOSOC, Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
    • ERP, People’s Revolutionary Army (Argentina)
    • EUR, Bureau of European Affairs, Department of State
    • EUR/SOV, Office of Soviet Union Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs, Department of State
    • EUR/RPM, Office of Security and Political Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs, Department of State
    • Exdis, Exclusive distribution
    • EXIM, Export-Import Bank
    • FA, Frente Amplio (Broad Front), Uruguayan political party/coalition
    • FAE, Ecuadoran Air Force
    • FAO, Frente Amplio de Oposicion (Broad Front in Opposition), Nicaraguan anti-Somoza group
    • FARC, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Colombian leftist guerrilla group
    • FBI, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • FDI, foreign direct investment
    • FDR, Franklin Delano Roosevelt
    • FFB, Federal Financing Bank
    • FMS, Foreign Military Sales
    • FRG, Federal Republic of Germany; West Germany
    • FSB, Falange Socialista Boliviana (Bolivian Socialist Falange); Bolivian right-wing political party
    • FSLN, Sandinista National Liberation Front (Nicaragua)
    • FSO, Inter-American Development Bank Funds for Special Operations
    • FY, fiscal year
    • G–77, Group of 77
    • GATT, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
    • GN, Guardia Nacional (National Guard), Nicaragua
    • GNR, Government of National Reconciliation (Nicaragua)
    • GOA, Government of Argentina
    • GOB, Government of Bolivia; Government of Brazil
    • GOC, Government of Chile; Government of Colombia
    • GOE, Government of Ecuador
    • GOES, Government of El Salvador
    • GON, Government of Nicaragua (Somoza)
    • GOP, Government of Paraguay; Government of Peru
    • GORM, Goals, Objectives, and Resource Management
    • GOU, Government of Uruguay
    • GOV, Government of Venezuela
    • GSP, Generalized System of Preferences
    • H, Bureau of Congressional Relations, Department of State
    • HA, Bureau of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Department of State
    • HA/HR, Office of Human Rights, Bureau of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Department of State
    • HEW, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
    • HR, Human Rights
    • HRH, see HA
    • IADB, Inter-American Defense Board; for Inter-American Development Bank, see IDB
    • IAHRC, Inter-American Human Rights Commission (OAS)
    • IAJC, Inter-American Juridical Committee (OAS)
    • IBRD, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
    • ICA, International Communication Agency
    • ICJ, International Court of Justice (UN)
    • ICRC, International Committee of the Red Cross
    • IDB, Inter-American Development Bank
    • IDCA, International Development Cooperation Agency
    • IFC, International Finance Corporation, part of the World Bank
    • IFI, International Financial Institutions (World Bank, IMF, etc.)
    • IG, Interagency Group; Interdepartmental Group; Inspector General
    • ILHR, International League for Human Rights
    • ILO, International Labor Organization
    • IMET, International Military Education and Training
    • IMF, International Monetary Fund
    • INM, Bureau for International Narcotics Matters
    • INR, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
    • INR/DDC, Office of the Director for Coordination, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
    • INR/DDR, Office of the Director for Research, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
    • INR/IAA, Office of Analysis for Inter-American Republics, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
    • INR/RAR, Office of Research and Analysis for American Republics, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
    • INR/RSE, Office of Research and Analysis for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
    • IO, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Department of State
    • IO/UNP, Office of United Nations Political Affairs, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Department of State
    • ISA, Assistant Secretary for International Security Affairs, Department of Defense
    • Itamaraty, Brazilian Foreign Ministry (refers to the Itamaraty Palace, in which the ministry is housed)
    • ITT, International Telephone and Telegraph
    • JBUSMC, Joint Brazil-United States Military Commission
    • JCR, Revolutionary Coordinating Junta
    • JCS, Joint Chiefs of Staff
    • JRG, Junta Revolucionario de Govierno (Revolutionary Governing Junta), ruling junta in El Salvador)
    • Kennedy-Humphrey Amendment (P.L. 95–92, sec. 11), signed into law August 4, 1977, prohibited all U.S. military aid, training, and weapons sales to Argentina after September 30, 1978
    • L, Legal Advisor, Department of State
    • L/ARA, Office of the Assistant Legal Advisor for Inter-American Affairs, Department of State
    • L/PM, Office of the Assistant Legal Advisor for Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
    • LA, Latin America; Latin American
    • LAC, Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, U.S. AID
    • LAFTA, Latin American Free Trade Association
    • LAWS, light anti-tank weapons
    • LDC, Lesser Developed Country
    • LDCs, Lesser Developed Countries
    • LIMDIS, Limited Distribution
    • LOA, Letter of Agreement
    • LOS, Law of the Sea
    • LST, Landing Ship Tank
    • M, Undersecretary for Management, Department of State
    • M/CT, Office for Combating Terrorism, Under Secretary for Management, Department of State
    • M–19, April 19th Movement, Colombian leftist guerrilla group
    • MASM, Military Assistance and Sales Manual
    • M–B–B, Muskie-Brown-Brzezinski lunch
    • MDB, Movimento Democratico Brasileiro (Brazilian Democratic Movement), Brazilian political party.
    • MFM, Meeting of Foreign Ministers of the OAS
    • Milgroup, military group
    • MIR, Movimiento Izquierdista Revolucionario (Revolutionary Leftist Movement), Bolivian political party
    • MNC, multinational corporation
    • MNR, Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (Nationalist Revolutionary Movement), Bolivian political party
    • MNR–A, see MNR–H
    • MNR/Alianza, see MNR–H
    • MNR-H, “Historical” wing of the Bolivian MNR party
    • MNR-I, “Institutionalist” wing of the Bolivian MNR party
    • Montonero, left-wing guerrilla organization based in Uruguay and Argentina
    • MOU, Memorandum of Understanding
    • MPLA, Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola
    • MTN, Multilateral Trade Negotiations
    • MTT, Military Training Team
    • MVD, Montevideo, Uruguay
    • NAM, Non-Aligned Movement
    • NCU, Narcotics Unit
    • NF, see Noforn
    • NFAC, National Foreign Assessment Center, Central Intelligence Agency
    • NFZ, Nuclear Free Zone
    • NG, National Guard
    • Niact, Night Action
    • NIEO, New International Economic Order
    • NIO, National Intelligence Officer, Central Intelligence Agency
    • Nocontract, Not releasable to contractors
    • Nodis, No distribution
    • Noforn, Not releasable to foreign nationals
    • Notal, Cable not received by all addressees
    • NPT, Non-Proliferation Treaty
    • NSC, National Security Council
    • NWFZ, Nuclear Weapons Free Zone
    • OAS, Organization of American States
    • OASGA, Organization of American States General Assembly meeting
    • OAU, Organization of African Unity
    • OC, See Orcon.
    • OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
    • OES, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Department of State
    • OMB, Office of Management and Budget
    • OPEC, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
    • OPI, Office of Primary Interest, Central Intelligence Agency
    • OPIC, Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    • Orcon, originator-controlled
    • ORPA, Office of Regional and Political Analysis, Directorate of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency
    • OSCE, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
    • OSD, Office of the Secretary of Defense
    • P, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
    • PAF, Peruvian Air Force
    • PARM, Policy and Resources Management, annual policy review
    • PCB, Partido Comunista de Bolivia (Communist Party of Bolivia)
    • PCT, percent
    • PD, Presidential Directive
    • PDC, Christian Democratic Party
    • Pro-Ag, Project Agreement
    • Pro/Ag, see Pro-Ag
    • PEN, National Executive Power, which allowed the Argentine government to hold prisoners indefinitely under state-of-siege provisions of the constitution
    • Petrocan, Canadian state-owned oil company
    • PLN, Partido Liberal Nacionalista (Nationalist Liberal Party), Nicaraguan political party
    • PM, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
    • PM/ISO, Office of International Security Operations, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
    • PM/ISP, Office of International Security Policy, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
    • PM/MC, Office of Munitions Control, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
    • PM/SAS, Office of Security Assistance and Sales, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State
    • PNG, Persona non grata
    • POL, Petroleum, oils and lubricants
    • PPC, Partido Popular Cristiano (Christian People’s Party), Peruvian political party
    • PRA, Partido Revolucionario Auténtico (Authentic Revolutionary Party), Bolivian political party
    • PRC, People’s Republic of China; Policy Review Committee
    • PRD, Dominican Revolutionary Party
    • PRM, Policy Review Memorandum
    • PRIN, Revolutionary Party of the National Left, Bolivian political party
    • RA, Regional Affairs
    • Reftel, Referenced telegram
    • retorno (return), the process of returning to civilian government in Ecuador after the period of military rule
    • RI, Rick Inderfurth
    • Rio Protocol, January 1942 peace agreement between Ecuador and Peru in boundary dispute
    • Rio Pact, 1947 treaty providing for mutual defense in the Western Hemisphere, signed by the United States and 20 other countries
    • Rio Treaty, see Rio Pact
    • RP, Report
    • S, Office of the Secretary of State
    • S/AS, Ambassador at Large and Special Representative of the President for Nonproliferation Matters
    • SALT, Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
    • SCC, Special Coordinating Committee
    • SDR, Special Drawing Rights.
    • SELA, Sistema Economico Latinoamericano y del Caribe (Latin American and Caribbean Economic System)
    • Septel, Separate telegram
    • SET, Supreme Electoral Tribunal (Ecuador)
    • SFRC, Senate Foreign Relations Committee
    • SI, Socialist International
    • SIDE, Argentine State Secretariat for Intelligence
    • S/P, Policy Planning Staff, Office of the Secretary of State
    • SPD, Social Democratic Party, West German political party
    • S/S, Executive Secretary, Office of the Secretary of State
    • S/S-O, Operations Center, Executive Secretary, Office of the Secretary of State
    • S/S-S, Secretariat Staff, Executive Secretary, Office of the Secretary of State
    • SSOD, Special Session on Disarmament
    • STADIS, State Distribution, distribution within Department of State only
    • STR, Office of the Special Trade Representative
    • SWAPO, South West Africa People’s Organization
    • T, Bureau of Arms Control and International Security Affairs
    • TNC, Transnational Corporations
    • UDEL, Nicaraguan Union of Democratic Liberation
    • UDP, Unidad Democratica y Popular (Democratic and Popular Union), Bolivian political coalition
    • UGA, University of Georgia
    • UK, United Kingdom
    • UN, United Nations
    • UNCHR, United Nations Commission on Human Rights
    • UNCTAD, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    • UNEF, United Nations Emergency Force in the Sinai
    • UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    • UNGA, United Nations General Assembly
    • UNHRC, see UNCHR
    • UNITAS, an annual exercise jointly undertaken by United States and South American navies
    • UNP, Unión Nacionalista del Pueblo (Nationalist Union of the People), Bolivian political coalition
    • UNSC, United Nations Security Council
    • UP, Union Patriotica; Allende’s political coalition in Chile to 1973
    • USCINCLANT, U.S. Commander in Chief, Atlantic Command, Norfolk, Virginia
    • USCINCSO, U.S. Commander in Chief, Southern Command, Canal Zone
    • USCINCSOUTH, U.S. Commander in Chief, Southern Command, Canal Zone
    • USA, U.S. Army
    • USAF, U.S. Air Force
    • USDA, U.S. Department of Agriculture
    • USDEL, U.S. Delegation
    • USG, U.S. Government
    • USIA, U.S. Information Agency
    • USICA, U.S. International Communication Agency
    • USN, U.S. Navy
    • USOAS, U.S. Mission to the OAS
    • USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    • USUN NY, U.S. Mission to the United Nations in New York
    • V–B–B, Vance-Brown-Brzezinski meeting
    • VIP, Very Important Person
    • WB, World Bank
    • WOLA, Washington Office on Latin America (non-governmental organization)
    • WR, Weekly Reading
    • X–M, Export-Import Bank
    • XMT, Exempt
    • Z, Zulu (Greenwich Mean Time)
    • ZB, Zbigniew Brzezinski