158. Draft Resolution on the Unification of Korea Prepared by the Government of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, undated1 2

[Page 1]

DRAFT RESOLUTION

Creation of favourable conditions to accelerate the independent and peaceful reunification of Korea

The General Assembly,

Noting that the peaceful reunification of Korea has still not been achieved, although 27 years have already elapsed since the division of Korea and 19 years since the establishment of the armistice in Korea,

Warmly welcoming the recent joint statement in which North and South Korea have agreed:

(a)
On the three principles on which reunification should be based, namely:
  • (i.) The reunification of the country must be achieved on the basis of full independence, without recourse to foreign troops and without foreign interference,
  • (ii.) The reunification of the country must be achieved by peaceful means,
  • (iii.) Great national unity must be promoted,
(b)
To reduce tension, prevent all military conflicts and engage in multilateral exchanges,
(c)
To establish and put into operation a co-ordination committee for the purpose of solving the problem of reunification,

Considering that it is in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter to encourage to the utmost the [Page 2]solution of the question of the reunification of Korea by the Korean people themselves, on the basis of full independence and by peaceful means, in conformity with the principles of national self-determination,

1.
Decides to suspend the activities of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea;
2.
Considers that the right to use the United Nations flag, a right which has been conferred on the foreign troops stationed in South Korea, should be annulled;
3.
Expresses the hope that North and South Korea will successfully pursue the political negotiations already under way in order to conclude a peace agreement, to bring about a reduction in armaments and, finally, to achieve as quickly as possible the independent and peaceful reunification of the country;
4.
Considers that all foreign troops stationed in South Korea should be withdrawn so that more thorough measures may be taken with a view to securing a durable peace in Korea and expediting independent and peaceful reunification;
5.
Appeals to all the countries of the world to refrain from military intervention in Korea and from interference in any form whatsoever in its internal affairs.
  1. Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 850, President's File-China Trip, China Exchanges, June 25, 1972-Oct 17, 1972. No classification marking. Huang Hua presented the draft resolution to Kissinger at their September 19 meeting; see Document 253, Foreign Relations, 1969-1976, volume XVII.
  2. The PRC called for a withdrawal of all troops from South Korea and rejected any foreign intervention in Korea.