26. Special Message From President Nixon to the Congress 1
Americans have for many years debated the issues of foreign aid largely in terms of our own national self-interest.
Certainly our efforts to help nations feed millions of their poor help avert violence and upheaval that would be dangerous to peace.
Certainly our military assistance to allies helps maintain a world in which we ourselves are more secure.
Certainly our economic aid to developing nations helps develop our own potential markets overseas.
And certainly our technical assistance puts down roots of respect and friendship for the United States in the court of world opinion.[Page 84]
These are all sound, practical reasons for our foreign aid programs.
But they do not do justice to our fundamental character and purpose. There is a moral quality in this Nation that will not permit us to close our eyes to the want in this world, or to remain indifferent when the freedom and security of others are in danger.
We should not be self-conscious about this. Our record of generosity and concern for our fellow men, expressed in concrete terms unparalleled in the world’s history, has helped make the American experience unique. We have shown the world that a great nation must also be a good nation. We are doing what is right to do.
A Fresh Approach
This Administration has intensively examined our programs of foreign aid. We have measured them against the goals of our policy and the goad of our conscience. Our review is continuing, but we have come to this central conclusion:
U.S. assistance is essential to express and achieve our national goals in the international community—a world order of peace and justice.
But no single government, no matter how wealthy or well-intentioned, can by itself hope to cope with the challenge of raising the standard of living of two-thirds of the world’s people. This reality must not cause us to retreat into helpless, sullen isolation. On the contrary, this reality must cause us to redirect our efforts in four main ways:
We must enlist the energies of private enterprise, here and abroad, in the cause of economic development. We must do so by stimulating additional investment through businesslike channels, rather than offering ringing exhortations.
We must emphasize innovative technical assistance, to ensure that our dollars for all forms of aid go further, and to plant the seeds that will enable other nations to grow their own capabilities for the future.
We must induce other advanced nations to join in bearing their fair share—by contributing jointly to multilateral banks and the United Nations, by consultation and by the force of our example, and by effective coordination of national and multilateral programs in individual countries.
We must build on recent successes in furthering food production and family planning.
To accomplish these goals, this Administration’s foreign aid proposals will be submitted to the Congress today. [Omitted here are elaboration of the four points listed above, an outline of the administration’s budget requests for foreign assistance, and notice of the President’s [Page 85] intention to appoint a non-governmental task force to review and make recommendations on foreign assistance programs.]
Toward a World of Order
Foreign aid cannot be viewed in isolation. That is a statement with a double meaning, each side of which is true.
If we turn inward, if we adopt an attitude of letting the underdeveloped nations shift for themselves, we would soon see them shift away from the values so necessary to international stability. Moreover, we would lose the traditional concern for humanity which is so vital a part of the American spirit.
In another sense, foreign aid must be viewed as an integral part of our overall effort to achieve a world order of peace and justice. That order combines our sense of responsibility for helping those determined to defend their freedom; our sensible understanding of the mutual benefits that flow from cooperation between nations; and our sensitivity to the desires of our fellow men to improve their lot in the world.
In this time of stringent budgetary restraint, we must stimulate private investment and the cooperation of other governments to share with us in meeting the most urgent needs of those just beginning to climb the economic ladder. And we must continue to minimize the immediate impact on our balance of payments.
This request for foreign economic and military assistance is the lowest proposed since the program began. But it is about 900 million dollars more than was appropriated last year. I consider it necessary to meet essential requirements now, and to maintain a base for future action.
The support by the Congress of these programs will help enable us to press forward in new ways toward the building of respect for the United States, security for our people and dignity for human beings in every corner of the globe.
- Source: Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Richard Nixon, 1969, pp. 411-417.↩