(2) After welcoming me, Wang
observed serious disputes exist between our two ÿ2Dcountries affecting
not only our relations but peace in Far East. Attached significance and
hope to fact this first talk of new year and my first participation.
Reviewed briefly history of return of prisoners question with nothing
new in arguments, stressing would be abnormal for sovereign country
allow criminals go unpunished. Also covered US “occupation” Taiwan.
Wang charged we were still
retaining some Chinese in US.
(4) Wang made distinction between
civilians and convicts. Then requested US make serious reappraisal
policy toward China. Accused US of coercion in UNGA Chinese representation and insisting on discussion
Tibet which internal matter. UN declaring
China as aggressor Korea was ignominious time in history UN for US was aggressor and is now preparing
for nuclear war. Eight serious warnings aircraft and ship intrusions
since last meeting. Accused US direct participation in war in Vietnam
and torpedoing Laos agreement. Our activities SEA were threat to China.
Relations US and China already deteriorated seriously but could improve.
Key is withdrawal from Taiwan after which other questions could be
(5) I said majority governments of world did not agree Chinese Communist
regime was legal government of China. My impression was it came to power
by force and maintained self by force. Rebutted charges against US
policy SEA along lines Deptel 786.8See footnote 4, Document 78.
(6) In saying Chinese people rejected Chiang,
Wang referred my personal
observations of Chinese welcome to Communist forces in Shanghai. I
denied noting evidences any jubilation and referred [refuted] earlier
claim our relations with Chiang were
(7) Wang asked what sort freedom
exists in US where “progressive” organization not even allowed exist? I
said our constitution guarantees right engage in peaceful political
activities any group. There followed brief banter concerning freedom in
general on which meeting ended in relatively friendly atmosphere with
agreement April 5 for next meeting.
(8) Polish News Agency took brief movies at conference and on arrival and
departure at behest US news.
*Source: Department of State, Central Files,
611.93/3-162. Confidential; Priority; Limit Distribution. Repeated
to Taipei, Hong Kong, Geneva, Stockholm, and Moscow.
1Cabot commented and sent
recommendations for the next meeting in telegram 1337, March 3, and
sent a detailed, apparently verbatim report of the meeting in
airgram A-496, March 2. (Ibid., 611.93/3-362 and 611.93/3-262,
2Telegram 1114, February 22, transmitted Cabot's instructions for the meeting. It stated that
in Cabot's first session as
U.S. representative, he should direct his effort to the two items
most closely identified with the original agenda: the detained
American civilians and renunciation of force. (Ibid.,
3The letter confirmed Cabot's designation as U.S. representative to the
4Paragraph 2 declared that
it was impossible to reconcile the continued detention of U.S.
civilians with the agreed announcement of September 10, 1955. For
texts of the announcements made by both sides on that date, see Foreign Relations, 1955-1957, vol.
III, pp. 85-86.
5Paragraph 3 began:
“Limiting opening statement to prisoners issue should make it
relatively awkward for Wang
to make logical transition to propaganda accusations concerning
United States policy in Far East which have been mainstay of his
7Reference is to the
Soviet Union's release of Francis Gary Powers on February 10; see
Foreign Relations, 1961-1963, volume
V. Telegram 1114 suggested that Cabot note the release of Powers
and, if queried as to its relevance, state that it showed other
Communist authorities found means consistent with judicial
sovereignty to release an imprisoned American.