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List of Sources

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    • 1. Indexed Central Files. Papers in the indexed central files of the Department for the years 1955–1957 are indicated by a decimal file number. Among the most useful of these files in the preparation of this volume were 030.13, 101, 103–AEC, 103–FOA, 110–DU, 110.11–DU, 330, 330.13, 398.1901, 398.1901–GE, 398.1901–IAEA, 600.0012, 600.12, 611.4112, 611.62A, 660.0012, 700.5611, 711.11, 711.5611, 740.5, 741.5611, 770.5611, and 990.8137.
    • 2. Lot Files. Documents from the central files have been supplemented by lot files of the Department, which are decentralized files created by operating areas. A list of the lot files used in or consulted for this volume follows:
  • Atomic Energy Files: Lot 57 D 688
    • Consolidated collection of documentarion in the Department of State on atomic energy policy for the years 1944–1962, as maintained principally by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State on Atomic Energy Affairs but also by other offices of the Department of State.
  • Conference Files: Lot 63 D 123
    • Collection of documentation on official visits by heads of government and foreign ministers to the United States and on major international conferences attended by the Secretary of State for the years 1955–1958, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat of the Department of State.
  • Daily Summaries: Lot 60 D 530
    • Master set of the Department of State classified internal publication Daily Secret Summary and Daily Top Secret Summary for the years 1953–1958, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Disarmament Files: Lot 58 D 133
    • Consolidated collection of documentation in the Department of State on the regulation of armaments and disarmament for the years 1942–1962.
  • INR Files
    • Files retained by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
  • INRNIE Files
    • Files of National Intelligence Estimates, Special Estimates, and Special National Intelligence Estimates, retained by the Directorate for Regional Research in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
  • IO Files
    • Master files of the Reference and Documents Section of the Bureau of International Organization Affairs of the Department of State, comprising the official U.N. documentation and classified Department of State records on U.S. policy in the U.N. Security Council, Trusteeship Council, Economic and Social Council, and various special and ad hoc committees for the period from 1946 to currency.
  • IO Files: Lot 60 D 113
    • Consolidated files of the Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs for the years 1955–1957.
  • IO Files: Lot 71 D 440
    • Master files of classified records and correspondence of U.S. delegations to sessions of the U.N. General Assembly for the years 1945–1965, as maintained by the Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
  • PPS Files: Lot 66 D 70
    • Subject files, country files, chronological files, documents, drafts, and related correspondence of the Policy Planning Staff for the year 1955.
  • PPS Files: Lot 66 D 487
    • Subject files, country files, chronological files, documents, drafts, and related correspondence of the Policy Planning Staff for the year 1956.
  • PPS Files: Lot 67 D 548
    • Subject files, country files, chronological files, documents, drafts, and related correspondence of the Policy Planning Staff for the years 1957–1961.
  • Presidential Correspondence: Lot 66 D 204
    • Exchanges of correspondence between the President and the heads of foreign governments for the years 1953–1964, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Presidential Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 66 D 149
    • A complete chronological record of cleared memoranda of conversations with foreign visitors for the years 1956–1964, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/AE Files. See also Atomic Energy Files.
  • S/AE Files: Lot 68 D 358
    • Files relating to atomic energy policy matters for the years 1950–1967, maintained initially by the Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State on Atomic Energy Affairs and later by the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Politico–Military Affairs.
  • S/PNSC Files: Lot 61 D 167
    • Serial file of memoranda relating to National Security Council questions for the years 1950–1961, as maintained by the Policy Planning Staff.
  • S/PNSC Files: Lot 62 D 1
    • Serial and subject master file of National Security Council documents and correspondence for the years 1948–1961, as maintained by the Policy Planning Staff.
  • S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351
    • Serial master file of National Security Council documents and correspondence and related Department of State memoranda for the years 1947–1961, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/SNSC Files: Lot 66 D 148
    • Miscellaneous files concerning subjects considered by the National Security Council during the years 1949–1962, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/SNSC (Miscellaneous) Files: Lot 66 D 95
    • Administrative and miscellaneous National Security Council documentation, including NSC Records of Action for the years 1947–1963, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/SOCB Files: Lot 61 D 385
    • Master set of the administrative and country files of the Operations Coordinating Board for the years 1953–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat,
  • S/SOCB Files: Lot 62 D 430
    • Master files of the Operations Coordinating Board for the years 1953–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • S/S–RD Files: Lot 71 D 171
    • Restricted data files maintained by the Executive Secretariat for the years 1957–1967.
  • Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199
    • Chronological collections of the Secretary of State’s memoranda of conversation and the Under Secretary of State’s memoranda of conversation for the years 1953–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Secretary’s Staff Meetings: Lot 63 D 75
    • Chronological collections of the minutes of the Secretary of State’s staff meetings for the years 1952–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417
    • Top secret records of meetings between representatives of the Department of State and the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the years 1951–1959 and selected problem files on the Middle East for the years 1954–1956, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • United States Mission to the United Nations, New York
  • USUN Files
    • Files of the United States Mission to the United Nations, 1950 to present.
  • Department of Energy, Germantown, Maryland
  • Records of the Department of Energy (formerly Atomic Energy Commission)
    • Official documentation includes correspondence, memoranda, and minutes of meetings of the commissioners.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas
  • Dulles Papers
    • Papers of John Foster Dulles, 1952–1959, including General Memoranda of Conversation, Meetings with the President, General Telephone Conversations, and White House Telephone Conversations. Dulles was Secretary of State, 1953–1959.
  • Herter Papers
    • Papers of Christian A. Herter, 1957–1961. Herter was Under Secretary of State, 1957–1959, and Secretary of State, 1959–1961.
  • President’s Daily Appointments Record
    • Records of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President, 1953–1961.
  • Project Clean Up
    • Project “Clean Up” collection. Records of Gordon Gray, Robert Cutler, Henry R. McPhee, and Andrew J. Goodpaster, 1953–1961.
  • Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Records
    • Records of the Office of the Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (Robert Cutler, Dillon Anderson, and Gordon Gray), 1952–1961.
  • Staff Secretary Records
    • Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary (Paul T. Carroll, Andrew J. Goodpaster, L. Arthur Minnich, and Christopher H. Russell), 1952–1961.
  • White House Central Files, Confidential File
    • Records of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President, 1953–1961.
  • Whitman File
    • Papers of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President of the United States, 1953–1961, as maintained by his Personal Secretary, Ann C. Whitman. The Whitman File includes the following elements: the Name Series, the DullesHerter Series, Eisenhower Diaries, Ann Whitman (ACW) Diaries, National Security Council Records, Miscellaneous Records, Cabinet Papers, Legislative Meetings, International Meetings, Administration Series, and the International File.
  • National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
  • JCS Records
    • National Archives Record Group 218, Records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
  • Conference Files: FRC 59–83–0066
    • Lot 62 D 181: Collection of documentation on official visits by heads of government and foreign ministers to the United States and on major international conferences attended by the Secretary of State for the years 1956–1958, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • IO Files: FRC 70 A 6871
    • Lot 60 D 463: Official United Nations documentation for the years 1946–1956, as maintained in the Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
  • National Archives Record Group 374: FRC 59 A 1673
    • Records of the Defense Nuclear Agency (formerly Armed Forces Special Weapons Project until 1959, then Defense Atomic Support Agency). Headquarters Joint Task Force 7 general administrative files, January 1, 1952–January 31, 1956.
  • National Archives Record Group 374: FRC 61 A 1433
    • Records of the Defense Nuclear Agency (formerly Armed Forces Special Weapons Project until 1959, then Defense Atomic Support Agency). Messages 1956–1958, correspondence 1957–1958, Task Group 7.1 correspondence 1956, and Task Group 7.2 strength report 1959.
  • National Archives Record Group 374: FRC 61 A 1740
    • Records of the Defense Nuclear Agency (formerly Armed Forces Special Weapons Project until 1959, then Defense Atomic Support Agency). Administrative files, personnel records, operations orders, and operations final reports on nuclear weapons and devices, prepared by Task Group 7.3, December 1950–May 1959. Covers primarily naval support in conducting nuclear weapons tests at the Enewetak Proving Ground in the Pacific.
  • Princeton University Library, Princeton, New Jersey
  • Dulles Papers, Dulles’ Daily Appointment Book
    • Daily log of the meetings and appointments of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles for the years 1953–1959.

Published Sources

Note: All the sources listed below were consulted at the time this volume was prepared in 1978 and 1979.

Official Documentary Collections

United Nations. Yearbook of the United Nations, 1955, 1956, 1957. New York: Columbia University Press, 1956, 1957, 1958

U.S. Congress, Senate, Executive Sessions of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Historical Series), vol. 7 [1955]. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978

____. Executive Sessions of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Historical Series), vol. 8 [1956]. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978

____. Executive Sessions of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Historical Series), vol. 9 [1957]. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1979

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U.S. Department of State, American Foreign Policy, 1950–1955: Basic Documents. 2 vols. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1957

______. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1956. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1959

_____. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1957. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1961

_____. Department of State Bulletin. Vols. XXIV and XXV. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1955–1957

_____. Documents on Disarmament, 1945–1959. 2 vols. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960

U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1955, 1956, and 1957. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1958 and 1959

Memoirs, Autobiographies, Diaries

Adams, Sherman. Firsthand Report: The Story of the Eisenhower Administration. New York: Harper, 1961

Berding, Andrew Henry Thomas. Dulles on Diplomacy. Princeton, N.J.: P. Van Norstrand, 1965

_____. The Making of Foreign Policy. Washington: Potomac Books, 1966

Cutler, Robert. No Time For Rest. Boston: Little, Brown, 1965

Eden, Anthony, Earl of Avon. Full Circle: The Memoirs of Anthony Eden . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1960

Eisenhower, Dwight D. The White House Years. Mandate for Change, 1953–1956. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965

_______. The White House Years. Waging Peace, 1956–1961. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965

Hughes, Emmet John. The Ordeal of Power: A Political Memoir of the Eisenhower Years. New York: Atheneum, 1963

Killian, James R., Jr. Sputnik, Scientists, and Eisenhower: A Memoir of the First Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1977

Larson, Arthur. Eisenhower: The President Nobody Knew. New York: CHARLES Scribners, 1968

Lodge, Henry Cabot. As It Was: An Inside View of Politics and Power in the 50’s and 60’s. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976

Macmillan, Harold. Riding the Storm, 1956–1959. London: Macmillan, 1971

Strauss, Lewis L. Men and Decisions. New York: Doubleday, 1962