29. Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs (Wilcox) to the Representative at the United Nations (Lodge)1
Dear Cabot: I am enclosing a copy of the draft circular on the enlargement of United Nations councils which has been revised to take account of your views (Usun 10722). You will note that our embassies would be limited, for the time being, to indicating in response to queries that the United States is prepared to support an increase of two in the number of non-permanent seats in the Security Council (one each to Western Europe and the Far East). The present draft makes no reference to the geographic allocation of the seats as a whole.
While we agree that perhaps now is not the time to commit ourselves on an understanding regarding the allocation of a seat to the Soviet bloc, we nevertheless believe it will be necessary, very likely well before the opening of the General Assembly, to discuss in detail the allocations question as a whole. I cannot imagine that any of the regional blocs will limit their discussions in the ensuing weeks to the question of the number of seats. Equally, and possibly more important, to them will be the question of how the seats are to be distributed so as to protect their own interests and at the same time to secure Soviet assent to an increase in the Council. We can expect that an overwhelming majority will insist on one Council seat for the Soviet bloc in the firm belief that this is the minimum price that will have to be paid for Soviet agreement. In fact, I foresee the danger that we might be confronted with the choice of agreeing to such an allocation under Soviet pressure or thwarting the will of the [Page 104] majority. Unless we are prepared to state concretely and in detail our views on both the size of increase and the allocation of seats, which I believe are inseparable, we will not be able to exert maximum influence on others in order to achieve a solution which fully meets our views.
I have not discussed this letter with the Secretary since we now appear to be in substantial agreement regarding our proposed circular message. We shall, of course, defer transmittal of the circular until we have your reaction to the revised text.
- Source: USUN Files, IO, SC, Membership. Confidential.↩
- The source text indicates that the telegram was to be sent to 74 missions.↩
- Green Hackworth (President), Abdel Hamid Badawi (Vice President), Jose Gustavo Guerrero, Jules Basdevant, Bohdan Winiarski, Milovan Zoricic, Helga Klaestad, John E. Read, Hsu Mo, Enrique C. Armond-Ugon, Feodor Ivanovich Kojevaikov, Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, Sir Hersch Lauterpacht, Lucio M. Moreno Quintana, Roberto Cordova.↩
- Document 26.↩